CogSketch


CogSketch 


[PDF] CogSketch: Open-domain sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education [PDF] from northwestern.edu K Forbus, J Usher, A Lovett… – Proceedings of the …, 2008 – cs.northwestern.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe CogSketch, an open-domain sketch understanding  system built on the nuSketch architecture. CogSketch captures the multi-modal,  unconstrained nature of sketching by focusing on reasoning over recognition. We … Cited by 39 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 14 versions

CogSketch: sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education [PDF] from spatiallearning.org K Forbus, J Usher, A Lovett… – Topics in Cognitive …, 2011 – Wiley Online Library Sketching is a powerful means of working out and communicating ideas. Sketch  understanding involves a combination of visual, spatial, and conceptual knowledge and  reasoning, which makes it both challenging to model and potentially illuminating for … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 7 versions

CogSketch K Forbus, A Lovett, K Lockwood, J Wetzel… – Proceedings of the 23rd …, 2008 – dl.acm.org Abstract CogSketch is an open-domain sketch understanding system. CogSketch takes a  unique approach to sketch understanding that focuses less on low-level recognition and  more on high-level reasoning with sketches. In addition to demonstrating the basic system … Cited by 5 – Related articles

Open-domain sketch understanding for AI and Education K Forbus – Proc. of AIED 2009 Conference. IOS Press, Amsterdam, 2009 – celstec.org … understanding software. We are creating CogSketch, an open-domain sketch understanding system that will serve as both a cognitive science research instrument and as a platform for sketch-based educational software. These … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] Drawing on experience: Use of sketching to evaluate knowledge of spatial scientific concepts [PDF] from northwestern.edu BD Jee, D Gentner, K Forbus… – … of the 31st …, 2009 – groups.psych.northwestern.edu … We explore a new platform, called CogSketch, for collecting and analyzing participants’ sketches as a means of discerning their spatial knowledge. Participants … knowledge. CogSketch accepts and spatially analyzes people’s drawings. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 12 versions

[PDF] A structure-mapping model of Raven’s Progressive Matrices [PDF] from northwestern.edu A Lovett, K Forbus… – Proceedings of CogSci, 2010 – qrg.northwestern.edu … Spatial representations are automatically generated using the CogSketch (Forbus et al., 2008) sketch understanding system. … Perceptual Encoding: CogSketch We use CogSketch (Forbus et al., 2008) to generate spatial representations. … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 12 versions

[PDF] MODELING PERCEPTUAL SIMILARITY AS ANALOGY RESOLVES THE PARADOX OF DIFFERENCE DETECTION [PDF] from silccenter.org A Lovett, E Sagi, D Gentner… – 2010 – silccenter.org … demonstrated how this dissociation can be ex- plained based on structure-mapping1. SME was given simplified versions of the materials, automatically encoded using CogSketch (For- bus et al., 2008), a sketch understanding sys- tem (described later). … Encoding: CogSketch … Related articles – View as HTML – All 14 versions

Cultural commonalities and differences in spatial problem-solving: A computational analysis A Lovett… – Cognition, 2011 – Elsevier … 2. Method. Our model utilizes two pre-existing systems: the Structure-Mapping Engine (Falkenhainer, Forbus, & Gentner, 1989) for comparison, and CogSketch (Forbus, Usher, Lovett, Lockwood, & Wetzel, 2008) for generating qualitative spatial representations. 2.1. … Related articles – All 2 versions

Sketch Worksheets: A Sketch-based Educational Software System [PDF] from northwestern.edu P Yin, KD Forbus, J Usher, B Sageman… – Proceedings of the 22nd …, 2010 – aaai.org … After several iterations of improving their sketches, students turn them in, and they are further analyzed off-line for assessment purposes. We first review CogSketch, the open-domain sketch understanding system we use. … Background: CogSketch … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 11 versions

[PDF] Design Buddy: Providing Feedback for Sketched Multi-Modal Causal Explanations [PDF] from spatialintelligence.org J Wetzel… – … of the 24th International Workshop on …, 2010 – spatialintelligence.org … students can indeed improve their explanations by using the system. We start by briefly reviewing CogSketch [Forbus et al., 2008], which Design Buddy is built upon. … The results of the pull-out study are next, followed by related & future work. CogSketch: The essentials … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

COGSKETCH: SKETCH UNDERSTANDING FOR GEOSCIENCE EDUCATION KD FORBUS – 2009 Portland GSA Annual Meeting, 2009 – gsa.confex.com Sketching is an important way for students to learn, and for instructors to assess their  learning. Imagine software that gives students feedback on their sketches, based on  instructor-authored guidelines, and provides feedback to instructors on how well students … Cached

Automatic classification of containment and support spatial relations in English and Dutch [PDF] from northwestern.edu K Lockwood, A Lovett… – Spatial Cognition VI. Learning, …, 2008 – Springer … It also summarizes the relevant aspects of CogSketch, the sketch understanding system we used to encode the stimuli, and the ResearchCyc knowledge base we use for common sense knowledge. Section 4 describes the simulation study. … 3.3 CogSketch … Cited by 10 – Related articles – All 12 versions

Automated critique of sketched mechanisms [PDF] from spatialintelligence.org J Wetzel… – Proceedings of the 21st Innovative Applications of …, 2009 – aaai.org … We use CogSketch [Forbus et al., 2008], an open-domain sketch understanding system2, for entering and analyzing sketches. CogSketch enables users to draw glyphs that represent entities. … In CogSketch users attach KB concepts to glyphs after they are drawn. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 11 versions

[PDF] A Theory of Depiction for Sketches of Physical Systems [PDF] from spatiallearning.org K Lockwood, A Lovett, K Forbus… – Proceedings of the …, 2008 – spatiallearning.org … conventions. Using a combination of semantic and qualitative spatial information we are able to distinguish relevant regions and edges in sketched diagrams using the CogSketch sketch understanding system. Introduction Complex … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 16 versions

Multimodal knowledge capture from text and diagrams [PDF] from northwestern.edu K Lockwood… – … of the fifth international conference on …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … Extraction of in- formation from the diagrams (step 4) is accomplished via the CogSketch sketch understanding system. … 65 Page 2. CogSketch CogSketch1 [11] is the first open-domain sketch under- standing system. Each object in a CogSketch sketch is a glyph. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Integrating Open-Domain Sketch Understanding with Qualitative Two-Dimensional Rigid-Body Mechanics [PDF] from silccenter.org JW Wetzel… – the Proceedings of the 22nd International …, 2008 – silccenter.org … We begin with our motivating context, coaching entering engineering students in how to use sketches to communicate. We then summarize CogSketch, the sketch understanding system we are using as a platform, and the qualitative mechanics theories we are building upon. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

[PDF] Organizing and representing space for visual problem-solving [PDF] from wapka.mobi A Lovett… – Proceedings of 25th Qualitative …, 2011 – fundunia.wapka.mobi … model. We begin by intro- ducing two pre-existing components that play a role in our model: CogSketch [Forbus et al., 2011] for spatial encod- ing, and the Structure-Mapping Engine [Falkenhainer et al., 1989] for comparison. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Learning Naïve Physics models and misconceptions [PDF] from northwestern.edu S Friedman… – Proceedings of Cogsci, 2009 – qrg.northwestern.edu … In CogSketch, users draw and label glyphs to link the content of the sketches to concepts in CogSketch’s knowledge base2. … The child, truck, and car are glyphs in the sketch. The two right-pointing arrows are pushing annotations. Figure 3: Example state drawn in CogSketch. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Novel applications of Tablet PCs to investigate expert cognition in the geosciences S Turner… – Computers & Geosciences, 2011 – Elsevier … More recently, CogSketch, a program specifically designed for collection and analysis of digital drawings, has shown that digital collection of the drawing process is possible (Jee et al., 2009). Much like the approach used here …

An integrated systems approach to explanationbased conceptual change [PDF] from northwestern.edu S Friedman… – Proceedings of the 25th Annual AAAI Conference …, 2010 – aaai.org … All rights reserved. We provide the system with a sequence of hand-drawn comic strips as stimuli for learning, automatically encoded using CogSketch (Forbus et al, 2008). Throughout the … CogSketch CogSketch (Forbus et al, 2008) is an open-domain sketching system. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] Learning concepts from sketches via analogical generalization and near-misses [PDF] from wapka.mobi M McLure, S Friedman… – Proceedings of Cogsci10, 2010 – fundunia.wapka.mobi Page 1. Figure 1: An example of the skeletal arm concept drawn in CogSketch. … Figure 2 depicts generalization contexts for concepts Arch and Triangle. CogSketch CogSketch2 (Forbus et al, 2008) is an open-domain sketch understanding system. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] Automatic Interpretation of Depiction Conventions in Sketched Diagrams [PDF] from spatiallearning.org K Lockwood, A Lovett, K Forbus… – Proceedings of the …, 2008 – spatiallearning.org … This system is implemented as an extension to the CogSketch sketch understanding system. … We call this task spatial extent identification. The rest of this paper describes our method for modeling this flexible interpretation of depiction conventions within the CogSketch system. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 20 versions

An empirical study on relevant aspects for sketch map alignment [PDF] from uni-muenster.de J Wang, C Mülligann… – Advancing Geoinformation Science …, 2011 – Springer … In the last decade, applications using sketches were developed in the GIS domain, eg, Blaser and Egenhofer (2000) proposed a visual tool using sketches to update or query a spatial database; Forbus and his colleagues (2003) developed CogSketch, which is a general … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Using Drawings in Knowledge Modeling and Simulation for Science Teaching W Van Joolingen, L Bollen… – Advances in Intelligent Tutoring …, 2010 – Springer … 255 A complementary approach to the one outlined above is CogSketch by Forbus (Forbus & Usher, 2002). In contrast to the approach proposed here, in CogSketch the learner explicitly indicates the individual objects in the drawing by creating so-called “glyphs”. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Shape is like space: Modeling shape representation as a set of qualitative spatial relations [PDF] from spatiallearning.org A Lovett… – Proceedings of the AAAI Spring Symposium, 2010 – aaai.org … A Model of Shape Representation Our model of shape representation is built into the CogSketch sketch understanding system (Forbus et al. … CogSketch takes a set of objects, or glyphs, drawn by the user and automatically computes qualitative spatial relations between them. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 11 versions

Using analogical mapping to simulate time-course phenomena in perceptual similarity [PDF] from silccenter.org A Lovett, D Gentner, K Forbus… – Cognitive Systems Research, 2009 – Elsevier … 3.4. Summary of constraints 4. Modeling the same-different task 4.1. Generating encodings using CogSketch 4.2. Using comparison to make same-different decisions 4.3. Interaction … task. 4.1. Generating encodings using CogSketch. An … Cited by 10 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] Steps towards a 2nd generation learning by reading system [PDF] from northwestern.edu K Forbus, K Lockwood, A Sharma… – … Spring Symposium on …, 2009 – qrg.northwestern.edu … In addition to using EA NLU, we are using the CogSketch sketch understanding system to input all of the diagrams that appear in the source material. … Page 4. CogSketch CogSketch (Forbus et al 2008) is an open-domain sketch understanding system. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Using a Visual Routine to Model the Computation of Positional Relationships [PDF] from rpi.edu A Lovett… – 2010 – csjarchive.cogsci.rpi.edu … Visual Routines for Sketching Visual Routines for Sketching (VRS) is built into the CogSketch sketch understanding system. Users can create stimuli in CogSketch either by drawing with a pen or by importing shapes built in PowerPoint. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 14 versions

Sketch Recognition Algorithms for Comparing Complex and Unpredictable Shapes [PDF] from ijcai.org M Field, S Valentine, S Mary’s, J Linsey… – … Joint Conference on …, 2011 – aaai.org … The COGSketch [Forbus et al., 2008] system was built on top of nuSketch, and provides some educational facilities for tutoring a user based on the content of their sketch. COGSketch is not a recognition system, because 2436 … Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Learning naïve physics models by analogical generalization [PDF] from wapka.mobi S Friedman, J Taylor… – Proceedings of the 2nd …, 2009 – fundunia.wapka.mobi … In CogSketch, users draw and label glyphs, ob- jects in the sketch, to link the content of the sketches to concepts in CogSketch’s know- ledge base2. … CogSketch: Open- domain sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Modeling cross-cultural performance on the visual oddity task [PDF] from silccenter.org A Lovett, K Lockwood… – Spatial Cognition VI. Learning, …, 2008 – Springer … a category. 3 Modeling Qualitative Representation Via CogSketch One of our core claims is that people use qualitative spatial representations when reasoning over or comparing images. While … 3.1 CogSketch CogSketch [13] is … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 13 versions

[BOOK] Spatial Cognition VII C Hölscher – 2010 – books.google.com … Preface VI USA, gave a lecture highlighting work on the computer science approach to education and spatial thinking entitled “CogSketch: Sketch Understanding for Cognitive Science Research and for Education,” and Roger Downs, of Pennsylvania State University, USA … Library Search – All 3 versions

Playing with Recognizers: A Call for an Extensible Editor [PDF] from smu.edu.sg RC Davis – 2010 – ink.library.smu.edu.sg … CogSketch [6] is a freely available sketch editor that is being advertised as a teaching aid (and also as a research data collection tool). Teachers can extend CogSketch by designing worksheets, in which students draw pictures of concepts and receive automated feedback. … Related articles – All 2 versions

SkCHI: designing sketch recognition interfaces T Hammond, E Lank… – Proceedings of the 28th of the …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … Figure 4: CrossY [3] Figure 5: CogSketch [7] Figure 6: Scriboli [4] … In Proc of CHI-10, ACM Press, (2010). [7] Forbus, K., Usher, J., Lovett, A., Lockwood, K., & Wetzel, J. CogSketch: Open-domain Sketch Understanding for Cognitive Science Research and for Education. In Proc. … Related articles

[PDF] A computational model of the visual oddity task [PDF] from silccenter.org A Lovett, K Lockwood… – … of the 30th Annual Conference of …, 2008 – silccenter.org … both. Our model generates representations based on glyphs, objects that have been sketched in CogSketch. The … 2006). The original stimuli, which had been drawn in PowerPoint, were copied and pasted into CogSketch. Of … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 12 versions

Effects of Object Building Activities in Second Life on Players’ Spatial Reasoning J Hwang, H Park, J Cha… – Digital Games and …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … CogSketch software developed by the Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center (SILC) [15] is used for creating a computational model of spatial reasoning and learning. CogSketch is a cognitive science research instrument … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Computing human-like qualitative topological relations via visual routines [PDF] from spatialintelligence.org A Lovett… – Proceedings of the 23rd International …, 2010 – spatialintelligence.org … 2008), an open-domain sketch understanding system. CogSketch users can create sketches either by drawing with a pen or by importing shapes built in PowerPoint. … We used CogSketch and VRS to compute these qualitative relations for each of the 36 images. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 14 versions

Solving Geometric Analogy Problems Through Two-Stage Analogical Mapping [PDF] from uni-freiburg.de A Lovett, E Tomai, K Forbus… – Cognitive science, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … CogSketch (Forbus, Usher, Lovett, Lockwood, & Wetzel, 2008) is a computational system that constructs representations from human-drawn sketches and other line drawings. … Download figure to PowerPoint. image. 5.1. CogSketch: Encoding representations. … Cited by 10 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Defining precise measurements with sketched annotations K Kebodeaux, M Field… – Proceedings of the Eighth …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … 58–63. 4. [KUL*08] Forbus K., Usher J., Lovett A., Lockwood K, Wetzel J.: CogSketch: Open-domain sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education. In Proceedings of the fifth eurographics workshop on sketch-based interfaces and modeling, (2008). … All 3 versions

[PDF] Modelling Moving Objects in Geospatial Sketch Maps [PDF] from uzh.ch M Delafontaine… – ADAPTATION IN SPATIAL …, 2009 – geo.uzh.ch … 2. Single-stroke glyph drawn in CogSketch [1]. 10 Page 13. Fig. … 15 Page 18. References 1. Forbus, K., Usher, JE, Lovett, A., Lockwood, K., Wetzel, J.: CogSketch: Open-domain sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Building and comparing qualitative descriptions of three-dimensional design sketches A Lovett, M Dehghani… – 2008 – Citeseer … 6, Incremental Learning of Perceptual Categories for Open-domain Sketch Recognition – Lovett, Dehghani, et al. – 2007. 5, CogSketch: Open-Domain Sketch Understanding for Cognitive Science Research and for Education – Forbus, Usher, et al. – 2008. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – Cached – All 2 versions

AI and Cognitive Science: The Past and Next 30 Years KD Forbus – Topics in Cognitive Science, 2010 – Wiley Online Library … For instance, CogSketch is a publicly available sketch understanding system being developed as a cognitive simulation, a means of gathering data in behavioral experiments, and as a platform for sketch-based educational software. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Reasoning About Sketches Using Context, Domain Knowledge, and Interaction with the User A Adler – Workshops at the Twenty-Fourth AAAI Conference on …, 2010 – aaai.org … ACM Press. Forbus, K.; Usher, J.; Lovett, A.; Lockwood, K.; and Wetzel, J. 2008. Cogsketch: Open-domain sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education. In Proceed- ings of the Fifth Eurographics Workshop on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling. 4 … Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Automatic understanding of sketch maps [PDF] from uni-muenster.de K Broelemann – 2011 – irtg-wiki.uni-muenster.de … Forbus et al. [13] presented a system called CogSketch for sketch understanding, based on the earlier developed nuSketch [14]. … 34-38, 2005. [13] KD Forbus, A. Lovett, K. Lockwood, J. Wetzel, C. Matuk, B. Jee, and JM Usher, “Cogsketch,” in AAAI, pp. 1878-1879, 2008. … Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] Using analogy to model spatial language use and multimodal knowledge capture [PDF] from northwestern.edu K Lockwood – 2009 – qrg.northwestern.edu … 47 3.5 CogSketch ….. 48 3.6 … 127 Figure 52. CogSketch sketch of a diagram of a tank of water.. … 128 Figure 53. Two … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Visual and motor processing in visual artists: Implications for cognitive and neural mechanisms. K Glazek – 2011 – psycnet.apa.org … The eye tracker was calibrated at the outset of each session prior to data collection to ensure reliable eye tracking. Participants drew using a stylus on the screen of a tablet PC running CogSketch software, version 1.131, with a simplified graphic user interface (SILC, Chicago). … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

The latent relation mapping engine: Algorithm and experiments [PDF] from arxiv.org PD Turney – Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 2008 – aaai.org … Gentner, Forbus, and their colleagues have attempted to avoid hand-coding in their recent work with SME.1 The CogSketch system can generate LISP representations from simple sketches (Forbus, Usher, Lovett, Lockwood, & Wetzel, 2008). … Cited by 23 – Related articles – All 18 versions

Qualitative modeling KD Forbus – Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive …, 2011 – Wiley Online Library Skip to Main Content. … All 2 versions

An Anthropomorphic Solver for Raven’s Progressive Matrices [PDF] from chalmers.se S Cirillo… – 2010 – publications.lib.chalmers.se … Any other information regarding the implementation or the obtained results is however missing. A more recent attempt was made Lovett et al. (2007), using the sKEA/CogSketch sketch un- derstanding architecture (Forbus et al., 2004, 2008). … Related articles – All 2 versions

Representing and Reasoning About Spatial Regions Defined by Context [PDF] from matthewklenk.com M Klenk, N Hawes… – 2011 AAAI Fall Symposium Series, 2011 – aaai.org … Intell. 28:594-. Forbus, K.; Usher, J.; Lovett, A.; Lockwood, K.; and Wetzel, J. 2008. Cogsketch: Open-domain sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education. In Proceed- ings of the Fifth Eurographics Workshop on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling. … Related articles – All 4 versions

Recognizing sketched multistroke primitives T Hammond… – ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … Sketch recognition systems can also be used to enhance higher-level sketch understanding systems, such as that of CogSketch [Forbus et al. 2008], to reduce the amount of manual labeling required to use such a system. 1.3. … Cited by 1 – Related articles

Evaluation of analogical proportions through Kolmogorov complexity M Bayoudh, H Prade… – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2011 – Elsevier Cited by 1 – Related articles

[PDF] Using modified incremental chart parsing to ascribe intentions to animated geometric figures [PDF] from wooden-robot.net D Pautler, B L. Koenig, BK Quek… – Behavior research …, 2011 – wooden-robot.net Page 1. Using Modified Incremental Chart Parsing to Ascribe Intentions to Animated Geometric Figures David Pautler* 1 , Bryan L. Koenig 1,2 , Boon-Kiat Quek 1 , Andrew Ortony 1,3 1 Computational Social Cognition, Institute … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions