Chart Parser & Dialog Systems


Chart Parser

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Natural Language Parsing


Incremental dialogue processing in a micro-domain G Skantze, D Schlangen – Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … This should be compared with most dialogue systems which first use a silence threshold of about 750- 1500 msec, after which each … PICKERING is based on a modified chart parser which adds automatic relaxations to the CFG rules for ro- bustness, and produces semantic … Cited by 81 Related articles All 17 versions Cite Save

Jindigo: a Java-based framework for incremental dialogue systems G Skantze – Proceedings of Interspeech. submitted, www. jidingo. …, 2010 – speech.kth.se … If a dialogue system should be able to mimic this behav- iour, it needs to be able to give very fast responses based on this pattern. … If it doesn’t, the chart parser may prune the edge from its chart as soon as it has been created, which will both make it more efficient and help it to … Cited by 9 Related articles Cite Save More

Freeling 2.1: Five years of open-source language processing tools L Padró, M Collado, S Reese, M Lloberes, I Castellón – 2010 – upcommons.upc.edu … are a need for most natural lan- guage processing (NLP) applications such as Machine Translation, Summarization, Dialogue systems, Text mining, etc. … This module consists of a chart parser, and is a reim- plementation of (Atserias and Rodr?guez, 1998). … Cited by 83 Related articles All 12 versions Cite Save

Robust processing of situated spoken dialogue P Lison, GJM Kruijff – KI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 2009 – Springer … Spoken dialogue systems designed for human-robot interaction must therefore be robust to both ill-formed and ill-recognised inputs. … The analysis is based on an incremental chart parser1 for Combinatory Cat- egorial Grammar [8]. These meaning representations are … Cited by 9 Related articles All 17 versions Cite Save

C-Phrase: A system for building robust natural language interfaces to databases M Minock – Data & Knowledge Engineering, 2010 – Elsevier … Before a fuzzy chart parser is engaged, rules are added to the stock of language and authored rules that reflect the tags obtained during lexical analysis. … A standard chart parser that performs semantic composition is applied to the tagged token sequence. … Cited by 24 Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save

Spoken Dialogue Systems K Jokinen, M McTear – Synthesis Lectures on Human …, 2009 – morganclaypool.com Page 1. Spoken Dialogue Systems Page 2. Page 3. iii Synthesis Lectures on Human … Series ISSN ISSN 1947-4040 print ISSN 1947-4059 electronic Page 5. Spoken Dialogue Systems Kristiina Jokinen University of Helsinki Michael McTear University of Ulster … Cited by 27 Related articles All 7 versions Cite Save

RUBISC: a robust unification-based incremental semantic chunker M Atterer, D Schlangen – Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Semantic …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … 4 Related Work Slot filling is used in dialogue systems such as the Ravenclaw-Olympus system5, but the slots are filled by using output from a chart parser (Ward, 2008). The idea is similar in that word strings are mapped onto semantic frames. … Cited by 10 Related articles All 11 versions Cite Save

Freeling 3.0: Towards wider multilinguality L Padró, E Stanilovsky – 2012 – upcommons.upc.edu … chunk parser: Receives a list of sentence and en- riches each of them with a parse tree. This module consists of a chart parser, and is a reimplementation of (Atserias and Rodr?guez, 1998). … Some FreeLing components are being in- tegrated in the dialog system. … Cited by 66 Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save

EA NLU: Practical Language Understanding for Cognitive Modeling. E Tomai, KD Forbus – FLAIRS Conference, 2009 – aaai.org … 118 Page 3. Compositional Frame Semantics EA NlU uses Allen?s bottomYup chart parser (Allen, 1994) with the COMlEX lexicon (Macleod et al. … For example, most spokenYlanguage dialogue systems (cf. Allen et al. 2007) are tuned for a specific type of task. … Cited by 20 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

An event-based conversational system for the Nao robot I Kruijff-Korbayová, G Athanasopoulos, A Beck… – … Dialogue Systems …, 2011 – Springer … RL-C. Delgado and T. Kobayashi (eds.), Proceedings of the Paralinguistic Information and its Integration in Spoken Dialogue Systems Workshop … The compacted lattice is then directly analysed by an agenda-based chart parser, which uses a hand-written competence grammar … Cited by 10 Related articles All 10 versions Cite Save

Joint satisfaction of syntactic and pragmatic constraints improves incremental spoken language understanding A Peldszus, T Baumann, O Buß… – Proceedings of the 13th …, 2012 – dl.acm.org … of a “continuous understanding” mod- ule that uses reference information in guiding a bottom-up chart-parser, which is … construction and reference resolution modules are implemented within the InproTK toolkit for incremental spoken dialogue systems development (Schlangen … Cited by 9 Related articles All 12 versions Cite Save

Situated dialogue processing for human-robot interaction GJM Kruijff, P Lison, T Benjamin, H Jacobsson… – Cognitive …, 2010 – Springer … There are marked points at which it can be further interpreted, either within the dialogue system or beyond it. … Parsing is based on a bottom-up Early chart parser built for incrementally parsing Combinatory Categorial Grammar. … Cited by 28 Related articles All 10 versions Cite Save

Natural interaction with a virtual guide in a virtual environment D Hofs, M Theune, R op den Akker – Journal on Multimodal User …, 2010 – Springer … The global architecture is similar to that of other state of the art multimodal agent based dialogue systems such as the WITAS system [29], where a helicopter robot is … The NL parser encapsulates a bottom-up left-corner predic- tive chart parser for unification grammars [35]. … Cited by 12 Related articles All 12 versions Cite Save

Spoken language understanding using weakly supervised learning WL Wu, RZ Lu, JY Duan, H Liu, F Gao… – Computer speech & …, 2010 – Elsevier … it is fairly easy for a general developer with good understanding of the application to author the small grammar used by the local chart parser and annotate … Topic classification is a subproblem of SLU in dialogue systems, whose goal is to identify the topics of the input utterances. … Cited by 16 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

[BOOK] Human interaction as a model for spoken dialogue system behaviour A Hjalmarsson – 2010 – Citeseer Page 1. Human interaction as a model for spoken dialogue system behaviour Anna Hjalmarsson … spoken dialogue systems This chapter is concerned with the motivations and implications of using human spontaneous conversation as a model for spoken dia- logue systems. … Cited by 8 Related articles All 7 versions Cite Save More

A salience-driven approach to speech recognition for human-robot interaction P Lison – Interfaces: Explorations in Logic, Language and …, 2010 – Springer … The analysis is based on an incremental chart parser1 for Combinatory Categorial Grammar [8]. These meaning repre- sentations are ontologically richly … Landragin, F.: Visual perception, language and gesture: A model for their un- derstanding in multimodal dialogue systems. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 17 versions Cite Save

Lattice parsing to integrate speech recognition and rule-based machine translation S Köprü, A Yazici – Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the European …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … Second, it employs a chart parser which utilizes manually cre- ated syntax rules in addition to scores ob- tained after statistical processing during speech recognition. The employed chart parser is a unification-based active chart parser. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 8 versions Cite Save

Towards an OWL-based framework for extracting information from clinical texts N Blaylock, W de Beaumont, J Allen… – Proceedings of the 2nd …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … analysis and dialogue systems. In recent years, the NLU components of TRIPS have also been applied to the semantic analysis of text [2, 4]. Figure 1 depicts these components, as used in our clinical IE system. At the core of the system is a packed-forest chart parser; it uses a … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

Weighted unranked tree automata as a framework for plan recognition J Ho?gberg, L Kaati – Information Fusion (FUSION), 2010 13th …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Figure 2 shows an outline. The core components of the system are an xml-based modeling tool, a plan library, a chart parser, and an information engine. … The chart parser searches the input stream for realiza- tions of the plans in the plan library. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

Seminar in Computerlinguistik: Robustes Parsing M Hess, M Volk – files.ifi.uzh.ch … sentences than the other parsers, failing on 18 out of 119 ill-formed sen- tences, compared to no failure for the basic bottom-up chart parser. … ESCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on Spoken Dialogue Systems — Theories and Applications (Denmark), May 1995, p. 57–60 … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Prosodic Disambiguation in Spoken Systems Output S Al Moubayed – DiaHolmia, 2009 – researchgate.net … In this paper, we explore the possibility of automating prosodic disambiguation of computer generated speech in spoken dialogue systems to avoid … of the sentence:“I ate< the chocolate on the desk>” generated by the grammar in Figure 1, using chart parser style representation. … Related articles All 11 versions Cite Save More

ambiguity resolution, 483, 490, 492 AMI, 303 analogical modeling, 164 analogy, 163 analytical layer, 256 LG Annotation – The Handbook of Computational Linguistics and … – gendocs.ru … 607, 608, 610, 616, 623, 627 cepstral mean normalization, 324, 326 character encoding, 534 chart, 342, 343, 357–9, 482 chart parser, 553 chart … frame, 444–51 inference, 444, 446–8, 450, 451, 476 dialogue move, 429, 432, 436, 446, 451, 453, 459 dialogue system, 429, 430 … All 8 versions Cite Save More

Review: Realization with CCG A Rudnick – 2010 – cs.indiana.edu … realizations quickly, without worrying about finding all possible realizations [8], which is the practical case for a task like a dialog system or machine … approaches to realization, White et al choose a chart realizer because it can use the same grammar as a chart parser [6], which … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Pragmatic language constraint models for large-vocabulary speech processing E Atwell, P Mc Kevitt – paulmckevitt.com … sized training sets, Pocock and Atwell 93, Atwell 94] found that the Markov Model based parser is much faster and more robust than a probabil- istic chart parser developed as … Many NLP researchers are more concerned with natural language interfaces and dialogue systems. … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Mundus Traducere: Interpretation of natural language using a semantic sensor network A Chaussin, H Osawa, R Oomura… – Advanced Robotics and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The aim is to create data as shown in figure 5 that other applications, such as search systems or dialogue systems, can use. … Combining OWL and RuleML, http://www.daml.org/2004/04/swrl [9] D. Manning and C. Klein, “An O(n3) Agenda-Based Chart Parser for Arbitrary … Related articles Cite Save

[BOOK] Spoken language understanding: Systems for extracting semantic information from speech G Tur, R De Mori – 2011 – books.google.com … of Handling Speech in QA Systems 6.3 A Evaluation Cam ai ns 6.4 Question-answering systems 6.5 Proiects Integrating Spoken Requests and Question Answering 6.6 Conclusions References Chapter 7: SLU in Commercial and Research Spoken Dialogue Systems 7.1 Why … Cited by 56 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

Toward Semantic Machine Translation J Andreas – 2012 – rhys.cul.columbia.edu … One successful example is Bobrow et al.’s gus system [BKK+77]. gus, a “frame-driven dialog system” used a chart parser with hand-constructed rules to extract meaning from input text; … semantic parser bootstrapped from transcripts of interactions with a dialog system [AZ11]; … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Sequence package analysis and soft computing: introducing a new hybrid method to adjust to the fluid and dynamic nature of human speech A Neustein – Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental …, 2011 – Springer … with a fair amount of regularity and predictability in our quotidian lives, why can’t we design spoken dialog systems to emulate … grammar a chart parser operates on will [have] alternative patterns against which the [speech] input can be matched” [7]. Those among this progressive … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

Incremental referent grounding with nlp-biased visual search R Cantrell, E Krause, M Scheutz, M Zillich… – Proceedings of AAAI …, 2012 – aaai.org … Allen et al. (Allen et al. 2007) use a manually-designed bottom-up chart parser with preferences and manually-defined weights rather than more standard probabilities. … Deep linguistic processing for spoken dialogue systems. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save

UMINF 10.06 Weighted Unranked Tree Automata as a Framework for Plan Recognition J Högberg, L Kaati – cs.umu.se … Figure 2 shows an outline. The core components of the system are an xml-based modelling tool, a plan library, a chart parser, and an information engine. … The chart parser searches the input stream for realisa- tions of the plans in the plan library. … Related articles Cite Save More

Incremental Tree Substitution Grammar for Parsing and Sentence Prediction F Sangati, F Keller – homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk … 2001; Xu et al., 2002), machine translation (Schwartz et al., 2011; Tan et al., 2011), reading time modeling (Demberg and Keller, 2008), or dialogue systems (Stoness et al … Section 3 de- scribes the chart-parser algorithm, while Section 4 details the experimental setup and results. … Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save More

Incrementally biasing visual search using natural language input E Krause, R Cantrell, E Potapova, M Zillich… – Proceedings of the …, 2013 – dl.acm.org … Allen et al. [1] use a manually-designed bottom-up chart parser with preferences and manually-defined weights rather than more standard probabilities. Syntactic anal- ysis is complemented by semantic analysis that returns a logical form as a semantic network. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

Spoken language processing in a conversational system for child-robot interaction I Kruijff-Korbayová, H Cuayáhuitl, B Kiefer… – Workshop on Child- …, 2012 – macs.hw.ac.uk … While most work in spoken dialogue system de- velopment is based on pipeline architectures, there are notable exceptions such as [5, 6 … The compacted lattice is then directly analysed by an agenda-based chart parser, which uses a hand-written compe- tence grammar based … Cited by 4 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save More

Robust character based tagging with domain lexical features for Chinese spoken language understanding C Bao, Y Li, T Li, J Pan, Y Yan – Natural Computation (ICNC), …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The target application behind our work is a spoken dialogue system for local search, with which users can search for in- formation through natural speech. … In order to search such sub-strings, it uses a local chart parser which is said to has low level of robustness. … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Natural language semantics and compiler technology J Nerbonne, J Laubsch, AK Diagne, S Oepen – 2011 – scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de … translation. N LL2FS was implemented to provide semantic feedback to parsing and search in the ASL speech understanding system and for generation in the COSMA dialogue system. NLL2FS has just completed implementation. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Stochastic Semantic Analysis I Habernal – 2009 – kiv.zcu.cz … Abstract In human-computer dialogue systems, the task of Spoken Language Un- derstanding (SLU) system is to process the input acoustic utterance and transform it into a semantic representation. The goal of semantic analysis is to represent what the subject intended to say. … Related articles Cite Save More

Embodied conversational agents in computer assisted language learning P Wik, A Hjalmarsson – Speech communication, 2009 – Elsevier … The pleasure of engagement is the motivation to play. 6. DEAL – a role-playing dialogue system for L2 learners. The same design principles that are used by game developers are starting to find their way into other fields as well. … 6.2. Evaluation of dialogue systems. … Cited by 48 Related articles All 14 versions Cite Save

Algorithm for Analysis and Translation of Sentence Phrases R Lacko – is.muni.cz … The solution is not restricted by a specific language nor target model. It features a bottom-up chart parser capable of parsing any context-free grammar. … 5 2.2 Automatic summarization . . . . . 5 2.3 Dialogue systems . . . . . … Cite Save More

A Statistical Model of Error Correction for Computer Assisted Language Learning Systems H Basiron – 2012 – otago.ourarchive.ac.nz Page 1. A Statistical Model of Error Correction for Computer Assisted Language Learning Systems Halizah Basiron a thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. May 24, 2012 Page 2. Abstract … Related articles Cite Save

A large vocabulary continuous speech recognition system for Persian language H Sameti, H Veisi, M Bahrani, B Babaali… – EURASIP Journal on …, 2011 – Springer … topics. In the last decade, researchers and investors introduced spoken dialogue systems and tried to implement conversational speech recognition systems capable of recognizing and under- standing spontaneous speech. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save

Building World Event Representations From Linguistic Representations T Bruland – 2013 – diva-portal.org … In order to build applications like dialogue systems or question- answering systems, we need to create a natural language processing system that can connect the linguistic representations to a domain ontology and then reason with the domain ontology elements. … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

Multimodal interaction in smart environments: a model-based runtime system for ubiquitous user interfaces. M Blumendorf – 2009 – opus4.kobv.de … 61 3.4. Architectures . . . . . 62 3.4.1. W3C Multimodal Interaction Framework . . . . . 62 3.4.2. MultiModal Dialog System . . . . . 63 3.4.3. ICARE . . . . . 64 3.4.4. Cameleon-RT . . . . … Cited by 10 Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save More

[BOOK] Hat Categories: Representing Form and Function Simultaneously in Combinatory Categorial Grammar M Honnibal – 2010 – it.usyd.edu.au Page 1. Hat Categories: Representing Form and Function Simultaneously in Combinatory Categorial Grammar Matthew Honnibal Doctor of Philosophy School of Information Technologies The University of Sydney 2010 Page 2. Page 3. 3 Abstract … Cited by 3 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Training a multilingual sportscaster: Using perceptual context to learn language DL Chen, J Kim, RJ Mooney – Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 2010 – aaai.org … To translate a novel NL sentence into its MR, a probabilistic chart parser (Stolcke, 1995) is used to find the most probable synchronous derivation that generates the given NL, and the corresponding MR generated by this derivation is returned. … Cited by 42 Related articles All 16 versions Cite Save

Robust understanding in multimodal interfaces S Bangalore, M Johnston – Computational Linguistics, 2009 – MIT Press … Johnston (1998a, 1998b) utilized techniques from natural language processing (unification-based grammars and chart parsers) to extend the unification-based approach and enable handling of inputs with more than one gesture, visual parsing, and more flexible and … Cited by 20 Related articles All 13 versions Cite Save

Detecting Grammatical Errors with Treebank-Induced, Probabilistic Parsers J Wagner – 2012 – compapp.dcu.ie Page 1. Detecting Grammatical Errors with Treebank-Induced, Probabilistic Parsers Joachim Wagner Magister Artium A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy to the Dublin City University School of Computing … Cited by 2 Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save More

[BOOK] Natural language processing E Kumar – 2011 – books.google.com … 97 5.3.1 Types of Ambiguity 98 5.3.2 Recursion and Parsing 99 5.3.3 Parser Development Software 100 5.4 Concept of Chart Parsing 100 5.4.1 Top-Down Initialization 102 5.4.2 Bottom-Up Parser Algorithm 102 5.4.3 Uses of Chart 103 5.4.4 Types of Chart Parsers 103 5.5 … Cited by 4 Related articles Cite Save

Joint models for concept-to-text generation I Konstas – 2014 – era.lib.ed.ac.uk … of anaphoric expressions in subsequent references to them, later in the text. This is more common in the NLG part of dialogue systems, which need to keep track of what has been mentioned in each dialogue turn and update their state accordingly. Even in … Cite Save

A General Model of Adaptive Tutorial Dialogues for Intelligent Tutoring Systems HRAC Weerasinghe – 2013 – ir.canterbury.ac.nz Page 1. A General Model of Adaptive Tutorial Dialogues for Intelligent Tutoring Systems A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Amali Weerasinghe Supervising Committee … Related articles Cite Save

Incremental interpretation and production across clauses CAG Gallo – 2011 – urresearch.rochester.edu … 44 7 Methods Summary 47 II Language interpretation 48 8 Incremental language interpretation in dialogue systems 49 8.1 Incremental Human Language Understanding . . . . . 51 8.2 Incremental Computer Language Understanding . . . . . … Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save More

Using regular tree grammars to optimise surface realisation LH Perez – 2009 – loria.fr … language systems such as consistency and non-redundancy. Thus, in dialogue systems [Benotti, 2009] it is important that the system produces the same language that it understands. Furthermore, reversibility makes it easy to rapidly … Cited by 1 Related articles Cite Save More

Joint Phrase Alignment and Extraction for Statistical Machine Translation G Neubig, T Watanabe, E Sumita… – Journal of …, 2012 – repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp … 517 Page 7. Journal of Information Processing Vol.20 No.2 512–523 (Apr. 2012) • Span generative probability: We also use the average gen- erative probability of each span that generated ?e, f? as com- puted by the chart parser during training. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 7 versions Cite Save

Automatic design of multimodal presentations W Wahlster – 2011 – scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de … 1991). [Wahlster et al. 78] W. Wahlster, A. Jameson and W. Hoeppner, Glancing, Referring and Explaining in the Dialogue System HAM-RPM, American Journal of Computer Linguistics, Microfiche 77 (1978) 53-67. [Wahlster et al. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 8 versions Cite Save

[BOOK] Intuitive ontology authoring using controlled natural language R Denaux – 2013 – etheses.whiterose.ac.uk … 148 5.2 Dialogue Systems Overview . . . . . 151 … inputs in order to provide understandable feedback to domain experts? How can dialogue systems be used to formalise and improve ontology au- thoring interactions for better support of domain experts? … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

Natural and Interactive Interfaces for Behavioral Programming M Gordon – 2012 – lib-phds1.weizmann.ac.il … ing in behavior. First, we introduce a controlled natural language (NL) interface for LSC [12], with a dialog system to resolve natural language am- biguities. … information for LSCs. It applies an active chart parser [26]. The terminals of … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Hierarchical Semantic Tagger for Robust Spoken Language Understanding M Hannemann, MSKT Mengistu – 2009 – iikt.ovgu.de … Magdeburg, 16.03.2009 Ort, Abgabedatum Mirko Hannemann Page 3. iii Abstract In this work, we develop a module for spoken language understanding to be used in a spoken dialog system. … I Theoretical Background 4 1 Talking to Computers 5 1.1 Spoken Dialog Systems . . . . … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

An Infrastructure for Self-Motivated, Continually Planning Agents in Virtual Worlds DH Liu, L Schubert – 2012 – cs.rochester.edu Page 1. AN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SELF-MOTIVATED, CONTINUALLY PLANNING AGENTS IN VIRTUAL WORLDS by Daphne H. Liu and Lenhart Schubert in the Department of Computer Science Arts, Science Engineering … Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save More

The Graph Symbol Model: Context-Free Parsing With Context JCP Bastings – 2012 – dare.uva.nl … Part-of-speech tagging – identifying the part-of-speech, eg VERB or NOUN, of each word in a sentence • Question-Answering (QA) – eg “Who is the president of the USA?” • Dialog systems – eg a chat robot that lets you reserve a movie ticket interactively • Text Summarization … Related articles Cite Save More

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department E Tomai – 2009 – qrg.northwestern.edu Page 1. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department Technical Report NWU-EECS-09-17 July 30, 2009 A Pragmatic Approach to Computational Narrative Understanding Emmett Tomai Abstract Narrative understanding … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Direct Probabilistic Semantics: A Contextualist Formal Semantic Model JC Kanis – 2013 – igitur-archive.library.uu.nl Page 1. Direct Probabilistic Semantics A Contextualist Formal Semantic Model master thesis Cognitive Artificial Intelligence Universiteit Utrecht 45 ECTS Jan Kanis student number 0339954 Tuesday 27th August, 2013 primary supervisor: Albert Visser … Related articles Cite Save

Unsupervised Learning of Lexical Information for Language Processing Systems G Neubig – 2012 – phontron.com Page 1. Unsupervised Learning of Lexical Information for Language Processing Systems Graham Neubig Page 2. Abstract Natural language processing systems such as speech recognition and ma- chine translation conventionally … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Multimodal and Speech Technology JC Martin, T Schultz – Handbook of Technical Communication, 2012 – books.google.com … of speech and language processing technologies has improved dramatically over the past decade, with an increasing number of commercial and research systems being deployed in a large variety of applications, such as spoken dialog systems, speech summarization and … Related articles Cite Save

An embodied conversational agent with autistic behaviour WJ Venter – 2012 – scholar.sun.ac.za Page 1. An Embodied Conversational Agent with Autistic Behaviour by Wessel Johannes Venter Thesis presented in partial ful lment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Computer Science at Stellenbosch University … Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save