Question Ontology


Notes:

Ontology as a theory is an account of what types or categories of objects are part of our theory of the world and what their formal characteristics and relations are. For instance, an ontology modeling historical information has a very important characteristic: Concepts and instances involved most probably have evolved during the time-span in question. The question ontology represents the domains from which the information seeker wants to get the answer. A question ontology describes all the properties of a question’s structure and purpose. A QuestionBody class in question ontology could contain the question text. For instance, a set of categories that is used to classify questions can be called an ontology. Question ontology is usually a hierarchical structure, ie, a taxonomy whose upper level concepts appear to be rather peculiar based on the function a question is set to perform. The question ontology code is the formalized knowledge representation, that is, the definition of the questions’ metadata. For instance, a system might make suggestions based on the content of the question ontology and its relationships with a domain ontology. Conversely, semantic interpretation may be inferred from the mapping between the question ontology and domain ontology. A modified question ontology with relations between questions may also be implemented. A question graph, containing all the information about the question, is constructed based on a generic question graph using knowledge from WordNet and from a question ontology. The Question Ontology Indicator is the question and the answer of question.

A typical question answering system may try to match the user question ontology graph path with a reduced service target subset graph paths previously calculated in the background using semantic distance algorithms. Semantic connectors are designed to describe the relation between users’ question ontology and system knowledge ontology. In contrast to most systems based on fixed grammars, OWL-Path uses a question ontology that permits different ontologies in the ontology repository to be imported. When a system cannot answer a question, because the ontology does not have the necessary knowledge, it may generate questions for the user, to gather more knowledge to answer the initial question; such a system then makes suggestions based on the content of the question ontology and its relationships with the domain ontology.

In the machine learning task of Question Classification, the set of question categories (classes) are usually referred as question taxonomy or question ontology. For instance, classification categories may be introduced as a question ontology. Question classification may be performed according to a question ontology, or classified based on a set of clusters in the training data; whereas, answering a new question may use multiple strategies learned from training questions in each cluster (or ontology node). Ontology learning methods from texts consist of extracting ontologies by applying natural language analysis techniques to texts.

References:

  • Ontology-Based Question Analysis Method (2013)
  • A survey of state-of-the-art methods on question classification (2011)
  • Question generation and answering (2010)

See also:

Ontology Engineering & Dialog SystemsQuestion Generators


OWLPath: An OWL ontology-guided query editor R Valencia-García, F García-Sánchez… – Systems, Man and …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The question ontology plays the role of a grammar, providing the basic syntactic structure for building sentences. … The system makes then suggestions based on the content of the question ontology and its relationships with the domain ontology. … Cited by 36 Related articles All 8 versions Cite Save

(Semantic web) services for e-learning DE Millard, K Doody, HC Davis, L Gilbert… – International Journal of …, 2008 – Inderscience … question RDF —– question ontology subject ontology syllabus RDF —– syllabus ontology Page 7. … We modelled these two sets of information using three ontologies. The first is a question ontology that describes all the properties of a question’s structure and purpose. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 11 versions Cite Save

Using goal modeling to capture competency questions in ontology-based systems PCB Fernandes, RSS Guizzardi… – Journal of Information …, 2011 – seer.lcc.ufmg.br Page 1. Using Goal Modeling to Capture Competency Questions in Ontology-based Systems Paulo C. Barbosa Fernandes, Renata SS Guizzardi and Giancarlo Guizzardi Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Brazil paulo … Cited by 11 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

Towards automatic generation of e-assessment using semantic web technologies M Cubric, M Tosic – International Journal of e-Assessment, 2011 – uhra.herts.ac.uk … done in this area in two important directions: first, we add new ontology elements (annotations), to the meta-ontology used for generating questions; second, we add semantic interpretation of the mapping between the ‘domain’ ontology and the target ‘question’ ontology. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

Semantic enhancement for legal information retrieval: Iuriservice performance N Casellas, P Casanovas, JJ Vallbé, M Poblet… – Proceedings of the 11th …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … to detect grammatical patterns; 2) these patterns are then searched for in the Ontology of Professional Judicial Knowl- edge (OPJK, described in the next section) in order to build a graph path or trace; 3) finally, the system tries to match the user question ontology graph path with … Cited by 19 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Classifying what-type questions by head noun tagging F Li, X Zhang, J Yuan, X Zhu – … of the 22nd International Conference on …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … Table 1. Question Ontology … 5500 ques- tions are selected for training, and 500 questions are selected for testing. The classification catego- ries have been introduced as question ontology in section 1. This paper only focuses on 50 fine classes. … Cited by 16 Related articles All 9 versions Cite Save

Semantic Business Process Analysis. I Celino, AKA de Medeiros, G Zeissler, M Oppitz… – SBPM, 2007 – ibis-thome.de … ontologies can capture these notions. The focus of Semantic RBE is the business question ontology which allows the generalization and reusability of RBE content and provides semantic analysis. Thus a flexible and standardized … Cited by 20 Related articles All 15 versions Cite Save More

Question generation and answering F Linnebank, J Liem, B Bredeweg – DynaLearn, EC FP7 STREP …, 2010 – hcs.science.uva.nl … A question and question request import the question ontology, but also the super state and QR vocabulary. The question request is represented using concepts in the question ontology, but also refers to concepts in the super state and QR vocabulary. … Cited by 5 Related articles Cite Save More

Interactive Mapping Tool for HL7 RIM-to-Relational Database Using Knowledge Game M Gul, M Afzal, M Hussain, M Alam, K Latif… – IHIC Conference, Rio De …, 2010 – hl7elc.org … The R-MIM ontology is specialization of HL7 RIM ontology developed elsewhere [1]. Question ontology, on the other hand, doesn?t share its base with other ontology. … Make the ontology of these Questions. QuestionBody class in question ontology contains the question text. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save More

Enabling Intelligent Service Discovery with GGODO. M Rico, F Garcia-Sanchez, JM Gomez… – Journal of …, 2010 – search.ebscohost.com … This list of terms are generated by the “Suggester” module, which makes use of the “Grammar checker” to determine the terms that can come next in the query by combining the knowledge in both a question ontology and a domain ontology, and taking into account the … Cited by 4 Related articles All 9 versions Cite Save

Semantic Technologies for the Project Management Life Cycle Improvement B Dippelreiter, M Pöttler – 6th International Workshop on Semantic …, 2011 – videolectures.net Page 1. Semantic Technologies for the Project Management Life Cycle Improvement Birgit Dippelreiter dippelreiter@ec.tuwien.ac.at Electronic Commerce Group Vienna University of Technology Institute of Software Technology and Interactive Systems E-Commerce Group … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Design for Item Bank in Exam System Based on Network L Guohong, W Xiaodong, Q Yubin… – Advanced Technology in …, 2012 – Springer … Page 4. 636 G. Li et al. two kinds of indictors that are question ontology indictor and question supplementary indictor. It will be described separately below. … 4.2 The Question Ontology Indicator The question ontology indicator is the question and the answer of question. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Translating Natural Language Competency Questions into SPARQLQueries: A Case Study L Zemmouchi-Ghomari, AR Ghomari – WEB 2013, The First …, 2013 – thinkmind.org … CNL editor extends OntoPath in providing a context-free grammar with lexical dependence for defining grammars. OWLPATH editor It uses controlled language and grammar which are determined by question ontology. Defining … Cited by 3 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Cluster-Based Selection of Statistical Answering Strategies. LV Lita, JG Carbonell – IJCAI, 2007 – aaai.org … IJCAI-07 1654 Page 3. Figure 1: (a) Classification according to a question ontology versus classification according to a set of clusters in the training data (b) Answering a new question using multiple strategies learned from training questions in each cluster (or ontology node). … Cited by 3 Related articles All 21 versions Cite Save

Model-driven knowledge-based development of expected answer type taxonomies for restricted domain question answering K Vila, JN Mazón, A Ferrández, JM Gómez – Metadata and Semantic …, 2010 – Springer … Within this phase is highly important to determine the semantic type of the answer or Expected Answer Type (EAT) by means of a predefined taxonomy (also known as question hierarchy [8] or question ontology [9]). Importantly, a correct specification of the EAT taxonomy … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

Boosting passage retrieval through reuse in question answering M Mansoori, H Hassanpour – International Journal of Engineering, 2012 – sid.ir … of the focus of Q7, retirement plan. Moreover, if an open domain QA system uses its own internal question ontology it is unlikely that it would extract answer entity stock in Q8 as an answer to Q7. This is an example of a situational … Cited by 3 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save More

Using linguistic patterns in FCA-based approach for automatic acquisition of taxonomies from Malay text MZA Nazri, SM Shamsudin, AA Bakar… – … , 2008. ITSim 2008. …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Ontology learning methods from texts consist of extracting ontologies by applying natural language analysis techniques to texts, in our case the Malay literature. We have discussed methodically, an approach proposed by Cimiano to induce concept hierarchy. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

Ontology-driven question answering and ontology quality evaluation S Tartir – 2009 – athenaeum.libs.uga.edu … Induced ontology PowerSet Any Wikipedia articles Sentences PANTO NL Question Ontology SPARQL query AquaLog NL Question Ontology Answers As it can be seen, previous approaches have tried different methods to tackle the problem of question answering. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Semantic Interaction Model of Knowledge Transfer Process in Virtual Communities of Practice Y Bai, G Deng – Information Technology, Computer …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Output: ) ,.. 2 1 i p pp QST = : The sorted nodes table of the selected knowledge senders, where nki <<? 0 . begin ?= QST for each ST pk ? do for each q wmq ? do if?sim(sj,q)> ? ) // Judge whether or not that the correlation degree between question ontology and nodes … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

A study of the application of ontology to an FAQ automatic classification system RS Shaw, CF Tsao, PW Wu – Expert Systems with Applications, 2012 – Elsevier Many enterprises collect Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) from their customer service departments or technical support centers and compile the questions and re. Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

Ontology engineering aspects in the intelligent systems development A Czarnecki, C Or?owski – Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information …, 2010 – Springer Page 1. R. Setchi et al. (Eds.): KES 2010, Part II, LNAI 6277, pp. 533–542, 2010. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010 Ontology Engineering Aspects in the Intelligent Systems Development Adam Czarnecki and Cezary Or?owski … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

Analysis of automatic translation of questions for question-answering systems. L García-Santiago, MD Olvera-Lobo – Information Research, 2010 – search.ebscohost.com … [Incomplete draft notes (Part of CoSy deliverable DR.02.01: Requirements study for representation)]. Retrieved 11 December, 2010 from http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~axs/misc/question- ontology.pdf (Archived by Webcite® at). • Sokolova, S. (2009). How the computer translates. St. … Cited by 3 Related articles Cite Save

Learning performance support system for adult learning JP Zhang – Hybrid Learning, 2010 – Springer … [4]) • Analysis question ontology (note: every ontology has already own concept – be- forehand dictionary) • Filtrate ontology not related to issues, find out ontology related to issues • Rank according to the size of relevant degree • Take the biggest relevant degree ontology as … Cited by 1 Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

Model-driven Development for Adapting Question Answering Systems to Restricted Domains. K Vila, JN Mazón, A Ferrández – Journal of Research & …, 2011 – search.ebscohost.com … to note that within the question analysis phase (see Figure 1) it is crucial to determine the semantic type of the answer or Expected Answer Type (EAT) by means of a predefined taxonomy (also known as question hierarchy (Li and Roth, 2006) or question ontology (Metzler and … Cited by 1 Related articles All 11 versions Cite Save

Intelligent Search Engine For Online Access To Municipal Services JM Gómez-Pérez, R Benjamins, M Blázquez… – The Semantic Web, 2008 – Springer … or trace. Finally, the system tries to match this user question ontology graph path with a reduced service target subset graph paths previously calculated in the background using some semantic distance algorithms. Next, we … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

A multi-dimensional ontology model for product lifecycle knowledge management L Li-shuang, D Yan-zhong, S Jing… – E-Product E-Service and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … on product structure tree. Problem Question ontology: it includes various problems raised in the production process, such as technology issues, quality problems, equipment and equipment problems and so on. It is the main … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

SISN: a toolkit for augmenting expertise sharing via social networks J Zhang, Y Ye, MS Ackerman, Y Qu – Online Communities and Social …, 2007 – Springer … This number specifies the number of hops the message can travel in the referral network. The question ontology represents the domains from which the information seeker wants to get the answer. The question is the details of the actual question typed in by the user. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save

The Smart Office Hours Assistant: an Intelligent Student-Centered FAQ System A Al-Ayed, S Gamalel-Din – … on E-Learning, University of Bari, …, 2009 – books.google.com … The modi?ed question ontology with relations between questions has been also implemented. Different combinations of student models have been used in testing the prototype. Student is allowed to choose either Asking a Question, or Browsing FAQs Collection as in Figure 10. … Cited by 1 Related articles Cite Save

Question Classification using Semantic, Syntactic and Lexical features. M Mishra, V Kumar Mishra… – International Journal of …, 2013 – search.ebscohost.com … to document processing. [11][12]. 2. Question Classification 2.1. Question type taxonomy The set of question categories (classes) are usually referred as question taxonomy or question ontology. Different question taxonomies … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

Ontology-Based Question Analysis Method G Besbes, H Baazaoui-Zghal, A Moreno – Flexible Query Answering …, 2013 – Springer … the user’s question. Second, a question graph, containing all the information about the question, is constructed based on a generic question graph using knowledge from WordNet and from a question ontology. Then the question … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Research on the Semantic of Computer Programming Problem Based on Ontology Y Wang, YQ Cheng, JH Shi – Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2012 – Trans Tech Publ … Page 4. Figure 1. Program Design Question Ontology Figure 2.Ontology Model of Data … Then we can analogy other subclasses. The code above is the formalized knowledge representation of test question ontology, that is , the definition of questions metadata. … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

An ontology-based shared semantic space for interacting between human and computer J Yi, Z Junwu – … , Control, and Management, 2009. CCCM 2009. …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … knowledge-based system. In this paper, an architecture named S3 is presented, and some semantic connectors are designed to describe the relation between users’ question ontology and system knowledge ontology. For the … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

The Beginnings Of Greek Ontology And The Question Of Temporal Being J Szaif – Unity and Time in Metaphysics, 2009 – books.google.com … what there is”. 2 According to this question, ontology as a theory is an account of what types or categories of objects are part of our theory of the world and what their formal characteristics and relations are. Ancient ontology, to … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Preface: CAA 2010: Computer assisted assessment: supporting student learning D Whitelock, B Warburton – International Journal of e-Assessment, 2011 – oro.open.ac.uk … The first response by Cubric and Tosic is to expand the meta ontology for generating questions and also to add a semantic interpretation mapping between the domain ontology and the target question ontology using Bloom’s (1956) taxonomy for this semantic interpretation. … Related articles Cite Save

Ontologies As Tools For Historians A Katifori, C Vassilakis – sdbs.dit.uop.gr … organizations [3]. An ontology modeling historical information has a very important characteristic: Concepts and instances involved most probably have evolved during the time-span in question. Ontology visualization. We have … Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save More

Research on Chinese restricted domain question answering system J Liu, JB Fu, XY Jiang, K Chen – Machine Learning and …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Kunming, 12-15 July 2008 RESEARCH ON CHINESE RESTRICTED DOMAIN QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM JIE LIU1,2, JI-BIN FU1, XIAO-YU JIANG1, KANG CHEN1 … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Research of passage retrieval for question answering system X Li – 2010 – dspace.cityu.edu.hk … Figure 4 the Architecture of QA System…..15 Figure 5 the Question Ontology…..16 Figure 6 the Architecture of Community QA System (from (Liu et al., 2006)) ..23 … Related articles Cite Save

Question-answering systems: Development and prospects VA Lapshin – Automatic Documentation and Mathematical …, 2012 – Springer … A set of categories that is used to classify questions can be called an ontology [17]. Question ontology is usually a hierarchical structure, ie, a taxonomy whose upper level concepts appear to be rather pecu liar based on the function a question is set to perform. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

An Exploratory Study of the Malay Text Processing Tools in Ontology Learning MZA Nazri1&2, SM Shamsudin, AA Bakar – comp.utm.my … Ontology learning methods from texts consist of extracting ontologies by applying natural language analysis techniques to texts, in our case the Malay literature. We have discussed methodically an approach proposed by Cimiano to induce concept hierarchy. … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Research of Passage Retrieval for Question Answering System ??????????????? – 2010 – lbms03.cityu.edu.hk … Figure 4 the Architecture of QA System…..15 Figure 5 the Question Ontology…..16 Figure 6 the Architecture of Community QA System (from (Liu et al., 2006)) ..23 … Cite Save More

An implementation of natural language processing on ontology-based electronic health website: A case of Female-related diseases domain D Handayani, M Kartiwi… – … Technology for the Muslim …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. An Implementation of Natural Language Processing on Ontology-based Electronic Health Website: A Case of Female-related Diseases Domain Dini Handayani 1, Mira Kartiwi 1, Sandra Hakiem2 1 Department ofInformation … Related articles Cite Save

Learning Performance Support System (LPSS) JP Zhang – Hybrid Learning: The New Frontier, 2009 – ihlsociety.org … 112 Ji-Ping Zhang comprehension based on ontology is as follows:(detail processing method can refer to Wu Chenggang, etc.[4]) • Analysis question ontology (note: every ontology has already own concept- beforehand dictionary) • Filtrate ontology not related to issues, find out … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

An Ontology based knowledge sharing approach in E-learning X Li, B Wu – Web Mining and Web-based Application, 2009. …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. An Ontology based knowledge sharing approach in E-learning Xia Li1, Bei Wu2 1Humanity & Social Science College, Wuhan University of Science and Engineering, Hubei, 430073, Wuhan, PRChina, liniya_@163.cm … Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save

Extracting Meta-knowledge from Multi-source Knowledge base with Concept Segmentation Method X Li, B Wu – … Acquisition and Modeling Workshop, 2008. KAM …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. Extracting Meta-knowledge from Multi-source Knowledge base with Concept Segmentation Method Xia Li Humanity & Social Science College Wuhan University of Science and Engineering Wuhan, China Liniya_@163.com … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

A Method to Develop Description Logic Ontologies Iteratively Based on Competency Questions: an Implementation Y Malheiros, F Freitas, R Tinto–PB–Brazil – ceur-ws.org … and returns an answer; • Question generator: when the system cannot answer a question, because the on- tology does not have the necessary knowledge, it generates questions for the user, to gather more knowledge to answer the initial question; • Ontology builder: all the new … Cited by 1 Related articles Cite Save More

A case study in archaeological documentation with ontological modeling LBMCA CURCIO – chnt.at Page 1. A case study in archaeological documentation with ontological modeling Luciana BORDONI1 Michela COSTANTINI2 Alessandra CURCIO2 1 Enea-Utict 2 Università di Roma “La Sapienza” Abstract: Documentation … Cite Save More

Concept Modeling in Multidisciplinary H Jaakkola – Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XIX, 2008 – books.google.com … How does the systems integration model relate to business networking perspectives (business models, resource based Research domain Research question Focus question Competency (research problem)(concept modeling) question (ontology ——engineering) The research … Cite Save

The Will to Power Versus the Will to Prayer: William Barrett’s The Illusion of Technique Thirty Years Later RD Boisvert – The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 2008 – muse.jhu.edu … Instead, they involve a rethinking at the very heart of philosophy. Three areas in particular are brought into question: ontology (How is Being construed?), epistemology (How is thinking construed?), and axiology (How is value construed?). … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

How to make a natural language interface to query databases accessible to everyone: An example M Llopis, A Ferrández – Computer Standards & Interfaces, 2013 – Elsevier … The question ontology plays the role of a grammar, providing the basic syntactic structure for building sentences. … The system makes then suggestions based on the content of the question ontology and its relationships with the domain ontology. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

An Ontology-Driven Sociomedical Web 3.0 Framework J El-Hachem – 2014 – users.encs.concordia.ca Page 1. An Ontology-Driven Sociomedical Web 3.0 Framework Jinan El-Hachem A Thesis In The Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Science … Cite Save More

The Life of Plants and the Limits of Empathy. M Marder – Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review, 2012 – search.ebscohost.com … of empathy. The closer are the two ontologically—that is, the more similar their respective modes of being—the greater the possibility in question. Ontology, or, rather, ontological difference is the key to ethical phenomena. In … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

How semantics can improve engineering processes: A case of units of measure and quantities H Rijgersberg, M Wigham, JL Top – Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2011 – Elsevier Science and engineering heavily depend on the ability to share data and models. The World Wide Web provides even greater opportunity to reuse such information f. Cited by 21 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

Reusing and Composing Habitual Behavior in Video Browsing A Takashima, Y Tanaka – FRONTIERS IN ARTIFICIAL …, 2008 – books.google.com Page 147. Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XIX 134 H. Jaakkola et al.(Eds.) IOS Press, 2008 © 2008 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved. Reusing and Composing Habitual Behavior in Video Browsing … Related articles All 8 versions Cite Save

Bengali Question Classification: Towards Developing QA System SBS Bandyopadhyay – 24th International Conference on Computational …, 2012 – aclweb.org … Singular Table 1-Bengali Interrogatives 30 Page 41. 5 Question Type Taxonomies The set of question categories (classes) are referred as question taxonomies or question ontology. Though different question taxonomies have been … Related articles All 8 versions Cite Save More

From positivism to indigenous science: a reflection on world views, paradigms and philosophical assumptions N Goduka – Africa Insight, 2012 – reference.sabinet.co.za … assumptions. However, almost all agree that the first point in need of critique is the ontological question. Ontology is concerned with theories of ex- istence, asking the following question: What is the essence and nature of the world? … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

What Can Metaphysics Hope to do? T HOFWEBER – This page intentionally left blank, 2009 – books.google.com Page 272. 9 Ambitious, Yet Modest, Metaphysics THOMAS HOFWEBER 1 What Can Metaphysics Hope to do? There is a long history of worrying about whether or not metaphysics is a legitimate philosophical discipline. Traditionally … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

A model-driven approach for internal controls compliance in business processes K Namiri, N Stojanovic – Proceedings of the Workshop on Semantic …, 2007 – heppnetz.de … ontologies can capture these notions. The focus of Semantic RBE is the business question ontology which allows the generalization and reusability of RBE content and provides semantic analysis. Thus a flexible and standardized … Cited by 11 Related articles All 7 versions Cite Save More

From Positivism to Indigenous Science. N Goduka – Africa Insight, 2012 – search.ebscohost.com … assumptions. However, almost all agree that the first point in need of critique is the ontological question. Ontology is concerned with theories of ex- istence, asking the following question: What is the essence and nature of the world? … Related articles Cite Save

The Experience of Reading P Kivy – A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature, 2009 – books.google.com Page 121. The Experience of Reading PETER KIVY Introduction The major ?ne arts, the traditional ones, in the Western canon, are the visual arts of painting and sculpture, music, dance, the literary arts of poetry, drama, and … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

Designing Research for the Emerging Field of Open Development. K Reilly – Information Technologies & International …, 2011 – search.ebscohost.com … Table 1. Key Questions Driving the Research Process. Aspect of Research Question Ontology What is the nature of the reality to be studied? Epistemology What can be known about this reality, and how can it be known? Methodology How can the knowledge be acquired? … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

Using Data Crawlers and Semantic Web to Build Financial XBRL Data Generators: The SONAR Extension Approach MÁ Rodríguez-García, A Rodríguez-González… – The Scientific World …, 2014 – hindawi.com … However, they are mostly based on fixed grammars, while the OWL-Path uses a question ontology that permits different ontologies in the ontology repository to be imported and includes restrictions allowed in OWL-DL language. 3.4. XBRL Generator. … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save More

Individuation, Responsiveness, Translation: Heidegger’s Ethics ES Nelson – Heidegger, Translation, and the Task of Thinking, 2011 – Springer Logo Springer. Search Options: … Related articles All 9 versions Cite Save

A survey of state-of-the-art methods on question classification B Loni – Literature Survey, Published on TU Delft Repository, 2011 – repository.tudelft.nl … approaches of question classification. Page 6. 6 Babak Loni 2.3 Question Type Taxonomies The set of question categories (classes) are usually referred as question taxonomy or question ontology. Different question taxonomies have … Cited by 6 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

Historical and philosophical foundations of qualitative research M Dombro – PL Munhall (Ed.), Nursing research: A qualitative …, 2007 – books.google.com … They all faced questions of what is real (metaphysics), what is true (epistemology), and what is of value (axi- ology).(See Table 4-3.) The first metaphysical question (ontology) must have been about what it means to be alive or not alive. … Cited by 11 Related articles Cite Save

Employing Ontologies In Resource-scarce Mobile Ad-hoc Networks: Translating From The Web Ontology Language (OWL) To Topic Maps R Juel – 2007 – duo.uio.no Page 1. UNIVERSITY OF OSLO UNIVERSITY OF OSLO Department of informatics Department of informatics Employing O Employing Ontologies I ntologies I ntologies In Resource-scarce Mobile Ad-hoc Networks hoc Networks … Related articles Cite Save

OCEAN: A semantic web service to extract knowledge in E-Groupwares I Lahoud, D Monticolo, S Gomes – Signal-Image Technology …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … In philosophy, ontology according to Clay Shirky [3] is “the study of entities and their relations. The question ontology asks is: What kinds of things exist or can exist in the world, and what manner of relations can those things have to each other? … Cited by 4 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

From ICT4D to Cognitive Justice: Designing Research for Open Development K Reilly – openict4d.wdfiles.com … I make this argument through an Table 1: Key Questions Driving the Research Process Aspect of Research Question Ontology What is the nature of the social and political reality to be studied? Epistemology What can be known about this reality, and how can it be known? … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

The Logical vs. the Ontological Understanding of Conditions R Ingthorsson – Metaphysica, 2008 – Springer … According to the realist view in question, ontology does not primarily deal with state- ments and/or propositions and their relations but with the basic structure of the world, the nature of the kinds of entities that inhabit it and the relationships between them. … Related articles All 11 versions Cite Save

Levinas, Politics And Responsibility M SHILDRICK – Philosophy on the Border, 2007 – books.google.com Page 65. Ethics at the Limits LEVINAS, POLITICS AND RESPONSIBILITY MARGRIT SHILDRICK To ask what politics has to do with ethics is to ask how an essen- tially pragmatic discourse of programmatic action might make … Related articles Cite Save

Structured feedback in outdoor adventure education What are we accomplishing? F Vernon – Adventure Tourism: Meaning, Experience and …, 2013 – books.google.com … Second, Habermas calls into question ontology-?rst pairings of objective/real and subjective/imaginary or subjective/ suspect as misunderstanding the manner in which both, among others, are drawn on simultaneously in understanding and acting. … Cite Save

Introduction to the semantics of questions R Šim?k – sfb632.uni-potsdam.de Page 1. Introduction to the semantics of questions Radek Šim?k University of Potsdam, SFB 632 simik@uni-potsdam.de EGG summer school, July 25–29, 2011, Ceské Budejovice Page 2. 2 Page 3. Contents 1 Introduction 5 1.1 Questions and truth-conditions . . . . . … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save More

Restructuring the Social Web M Krijgsman – 2013 – repository.tudelft.nl Page 1. Restructuring the Social Web Master’s Thesis, 16-01-2013 Mark Krijgsman Page 2. <> Page 3. Restructuring the Social Web THESIS Submitted in the partial fulfillment of The requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE in … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save More

[BOOK] Essentials of business research: A guide to doing your research project J Wilson – 2014 – books.google.com Page 1. J o n a th a n W ilso n E s s E n t ia l s o f B u s in E s s R E s E a R c h A G u id e t o D o in g Y o u r R e s e a r c h P r o je c t S E C O N D E D I T I O N Page 2. Page 3. SAGE has been part of the global academic community … Cited by 68 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

A novel ontological approach to semantic interoperability between legacy air defence command and control systems C Partridge, M Lambert, M Loneragan… – International Journal of …, 2011 – Inderscience … metaphysical) notion of ontology is useful (Ku?nierczyk, 2006) – where this is “the set of things whose existence is acknowledged by a particular theory or system of thought”8. This view was famously summarised by Quine, who claimed that the question ontology asks can be … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save

Illuminating Cultural Diversity T Eder, E Fuglesang, D Hervik, D Frimodt Lauritzen… – 2008 – diggy.ruc.dk Page 1. Abstract Through methodological reflections based on critical discourse analysis, we intend this project to be an evaluation of Salaam DK’s ideological discourse, while investigating the festival’s relations to the socio-cultural context it exists in. … Related articles All 6 versions Cite Save

Semantic Integration of Heterogeneous Databases in Multidatabase System S Lohar, S Batra – 2010 – dspace.thapar.edu Page 1. Semantic Integration of Heterogeneous Databases in Multidatabase System Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of Master of Engineering in Computer Science & Engineering By: Sugandha Lohar (800832024) … Cited by 1 Related articles Cite Save

[BOOK] Semantic support for quantitative research H Rijgersberg – 2013 – cs.vu.nl Page 1. Semantic support for quantitative research Hajo Rijgersberg Page 2. Promotiecommissie: – prof.dr.ir. JL Top (promotor), – dr. D. Allemang, – dr. P. Buche, – prof.dr. F. van Harmelen, – prof.dr. E. van der Linden, – prof.dr. A. Th. Schreiber. ISBN 978-94-6228-061-8 … Related articles All 5 versions Cite Save More

[BOOK] Event and world C Romano – 2009 – books.google.com … This doctrine follows entirely from their calling into question ontology’s status as the most universal doctrine, since the domain of beings, the bodily, is interrupted on its margins by this obscure limit of aso¯mata, which no longer refer to ontology but rather exempt themselves … Cited by 15 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

[BOOK] Selfhood, Identity and personality styles G Arciero, G Bondolfi – 2009 – books.google.com Page 1. Selfhood, Identity AND Personality Styles ©WILEY-BLACKWEU. Page 2. Selfhood, Identity and Personality Styles Giampiero Arciero and Guido Bondolfi Page 3. Page 4. Selfhood, Identity and Personality Styles Page 5. Page 6. … Cited by 25 Related articles All 4 versions Cite Save

The Relationship between Changes in Cash Dividends and Volatility of Stock Returns: A study of the Swedish Stock Market S Renberg, C Nylander – 2013 – diva-portal.org Page 1. The Relationship between Changes in Cash Dividends and Volatility of Stock Returns – A Study of the Swedish Stock Market Authors: Cecilia Nylander Sandra Renberg Supervisor: Catherine Lions Student Umeå School … Related articles Cite Save

Patient Education Based on Clinical Practice Guideline Recommendations to Improve Shared Decision Making in Healthcare Using Semantic Web Technology SA Hassan – 2012 – dalspace.library.dal.ca Page 1. PATIENT EDUCATION BASED ON CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE RECOMMENDATIONS TO IMPROVE SHARED DECISION MAKING IN HEALTHCARE USING SEMANTIC WEB TECHNOLOGY by Syed Alay Hassan … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Grounding Truthmaking B Rettler – 2013 – etd.nd.edu Page 1. GROUNDING TRUTHMAKING A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School of the University of Notre Dame in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Bradley Rettler Michael Rea, Director Graduate Program in Philosophy … Cite Save

Dismissivism in metaphysics: debates about what there is and debates about what grounds what LC Porro – 2013 – research-repository.st-andrews.ac. … … One must first of all figure out what things exist (or might exist); then one can attend to the further question of what they are. Van Inwagen [2009, pp. 289-290] argues that: Philosophers call the branch of metaphysics that addresses the ontological question ‘ontology’. [. . … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Taupaenui: Maori positive ageing: a thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health at Massey University, … WJW Edwards – 2010 – mro.massey.ac.nz Page 1. Copyright is owned by the Author of the thesis. Permission is given for a copy to be downloaded by an individual for the purpose of research and private study only. The thesis may not be reproduced elsewhere without the permission of the Author. Page 2. Taupaenui … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

[BOOK] Imaginary games C Bateman – 2011 – books.google.com … The matter at hand, you may recall, is “what is a game?“ and it’s far from clear that this is best dealt with as an ontological question. Ontology is principally concerned with what exists, the nature of being, or, in its wider scope, the grouping and relation- ships between entities. … Cited by 7 Related articles Cite Save

A Framework for Adaptive e-Learning K Maycock – 2010 – eprints.nuim.ie Page 1. A Framework for Adaptive e-Learning by Keith Maycock, BSc. Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for candidate for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Computer Science, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co. … Cited by 2 Related articles Cite Save

Engaging Buddhism: Why Buddhism Matters to Contemporary Philosophy JL Garfield – jaygarfield.commons.yale-nus.edu. … Page 1. Engaging Buddhism: Why Buddhism Matters to Contemporary Philosophy Jay L Garfield Yale-NUS College National University of Singapore Yale University Smith College The University of Melbourne Central University of Tibetan Studies Draft of January 2014 … Cite Save More

[BOOK] Racecraft: The Soul of Inequality in American Life K Fields, BJ Fields – 2012 – books.google.com Page 1. RACECRAFT 1716 Soul of Inequality in American Life KAREN E. FIELDS AND BARBARA]. FIELDS Page 2. RACECRAFT Page 3. Page 4. RACECRAFT The Soul of Inequality in American Life KAREN E. FIELDS AND BARBARA]. FIELDS V VERSO London – NewYork … Cited by 8 Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

The performance of government information technology officers in e-government policy implementation. NR Nengovhela – 2013 – wiredspace.wits.ac.za Page 1. THE PERFORMANCE OF GOVERNMENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OFFICERS IN E-GOVERNMENT POLICY IMPLEMENTATION NTHUMENI R.NENGOVHELA STUDENT NUMBER: 338035 A Research report … Related articles All 2 versions Cite Save

Discovering Orientation between Theory and Narrative MH Clark – 2009 – etd.lib.umt.edu Page 1. DISCOVERING ORIENTATION BETWEEN THEORY AND NARRATIVE By MAXWELL HAUS CLARK Bachelors of Science in Chemistry, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 2004 Thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of … All 2 versions Cite Save

Understanding health through the eyes of rural adolescents JL Morrissey – 2012 – ir.uiowa.edu Page 1. University of Iowa Iowa Research Online Theses and Dissertations 2012 Understanding health through the eyes of rural adolescents Joanna Lynn Morrissey University of Iowa Copyright 2012 Joanna Lynn Morrissey … Related articles Cite Save

Critical Social Marketing: Assessing the Cumulative Impact of Alcohol Marketing on Youth Drinking R Gordon – 2011 – dspace.stir.ac.uk CRITICAL SOCIAL MARKETING: ASSESSING THE CUMULATIVE IMPACT OF ALCOHOL MARKETING ON YOUTH DRINKING A PhD by publication submitted to the University of Stirling for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy By Ross Gordon 1524612 July 2011 ii The … Related articles All 3 versions Cite Save