Regulus


Regulus Grammar Compiler


[BOOK] Putting Linguistics into Speech Recognition: The Regulus Grammar Compiler [PDF] from mercubuana.ac.id M Rayner, BA Hockey, P Bouillon… – 2006 – ftsp.mercubuana.ac.id … Grammars in Regulus are specified with features requiring unification, but are compiled into context-free grammars for use with the Nuance speech recognition … An abundance of implementation details and guidance for the reader (or grammar writer) is provided in this … Cited by 59 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 16 versions

[PDF] Using paraphrases of deep semantic representions to support regression testing in spoken dialogue systems [PDF] from unige.ch BA Hockey, E Rayner – 2009 – archive-ouverte.unige.ch … The core grammars are automatically specialised, Figure 1: The Regulus compilation path. The general unification grammar is first transformed into a specialised feature grammar. This can then be transformed either into a CFG grammar and Nuance recogniser, or into a gener … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 18 versions

[PDF] Comparing Speech Recognizers Derived from Mono-and Multilingual Grammars [PDF] from univ-paris13.fr ME Santaholma – 2009 – www-lipn.univ-paris13.fr … systems. Regulus allows to write grammars with an easy readable feature-grammar formalism and then to compile them into CFG models. Regulus is particularly developed to be used with the Nuance Toolkit (Nuance, 2008). … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Building mobile spoken dialogue applications using regulus [PDF] from lrec-conf.org N Tsourakis, M Georghescul, P Bouillon… – Proceedings of LREC …, 2008 – lrec-conf.org … 1. Overview Regulus (Rayner et al, 2006) is an Open Source platform that supports construction of rule-based … For the case of recognition, subsequent processing compiles the domain-specific grammar into a Grammar-Based Language Model (GLM) in Nuance format … Cited by 9 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

Training Statistical Language Models from Grammar-Generated Data: A Comparative Case-Study [PDF] from unige.ch B Hockey, M Rayner… – Advances in Natural Language …, 2008 – Springer … which can be used to generate an arbitrary number of sentences from a GSL-formatted CFG grammar. We also wrote a utility of our own, which performs generation on GSL-formatted PCFG grammars produced by the Regulus compilation process. Both Nuance’s generate and … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] Zero to spoken dialogue system in one quarter: teaching computational linguistics to linguists using Regulus [PDF] from aclweb.org BA Hockey… – The Third Workshop on Issues in Teaching …, 2008 – aclweb.org … kept in the specialised gram- mar, and 2) a set of “operationality criteria”, which control the specialised grammar’s generality … The application-specific UG is then compiled into a Nuance-compatible CFG … Processing up to this point is all carried out using Open Source Regulus … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

Dialogue system localization with the GF resource grammar library [PDF] from upenn.edu N Perera… – … of the Workshop on Grammar-Based Approaches to …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … The source format of Regulus is a unification-based grammar formalism, and the target is GSL (the for- mat used in Nuance); GF supports many other for- mats as well, such as the SLF format used in HTK (Young et al., 2005); see (Bringert, 2007). … Cited by 13 – Related articles – All 29 versions

Making speech look like text in the Regulus development environment [PDF] from aclweb.org E Kron, M Rayner, M Santaholma… – … Workshop on Grammar …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … added by the Regserver is to provide a view of the recognition process based on the Regulus unification grammar frame- work … In particular, recognition results, originally produced in the Nuance recognition platform’s in- ternal format, are reformatted into the semantic … Related articles – All 16 versions

Book review B Roark – Computational Linguistics, 2007 – dl.acm.org … Grammars in Regulus are specified with features requiring unification, but are compiled into context-free grammars for use with the Nuance speech recognition … An abundance of implementation details and guidance for the reader (or grammar writer) is provided in this … Cited by 1 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 2 versions

[PDF] Comparing two different bidirectional versions of the limited domain medical spoken language translator MedSLT [PDF] from unige.ch M Starlander, P Bouillon, G Flores… – Proceedings of 12th …, 2008 – issco.unige.ch … For recognition, it is a semantically annotated CFG grammar in the form required by the Nuance engine, which is then subjected to further Nuance-specific compilation … The overall goal of the Regulus architecture is to simplify the normally very onerous task of writing and … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

GF: A Multilingual Grammar Formalism A Ranta – Language and Linguistics Compass, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … Grammars in grammar books are written in human language for human readers. … The most well-known grammar formalism is context-free grammars, also known as BNF (Backus-Naur form) in computer science and as phrase structure grammars in linguistics. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Converting Grammatical Framework to Regulus [PDF] from upenn.edu P Ljunglöf – ACL 2007, 2007 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … an algorithm for converting GF gram- mars into Regulus, it is possible to further use the Regulus-to-Nuance compiler for getting an opti- mized speech recognition grammar. The advantage to compiling Nuance grammars directly from GF is clear: the Regulus project has … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 31 versions

[PDF] A development environment for building grammar-based speech-enabled applications [PDF] from upenn.edu E Kron, M Rayner, M Santaholma… – Proceedings of …, 2007 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … 1 The Regulus platform The Regulus platform is a comprehensive toolkit for developing grammar-based speech-enabled sys- tems that can be run on the commercially avail- able Nuance recognition environment. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 30 versions

[PDF] Generating statistical language models from interpretation grammars in dialogue systems [PDF] from upenn.edu R Jonson – Proceedings of EACL, 2006 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … grammar into a speech recognition gram- mar as the Gemini and REGULUS compilers do … grammars into speech recognition grammars in Nuance GSL format (www.nuance.com … Speech recognition for commercial dialogue systems has focused on grammar-based ap- proaches … Cited by 15 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 15 versions

[PDF] Many-to-many multilingual medical speech translation on a PDA [PDF] from mt-archive.info P Bouillon, G Flores, M Georgescul… – Proceedings of The …, 2008 – mt-archive.info … Speech recognition uses the Nuance 8.5 platform, equipped with grammar-based language models. … analysis and generation) are com- piled from a small number of general linguistically motivated unification grammars, using the Open Source Regulus platform (Rayner … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

PGF: A Portable Run-Time Format for Type-Theoretical Grammars [PDF] from chalmers.se K Angelov, B Bringert… – Journal of Logic, Language and …, 2010 – Springer … These optimizations have been implemented and tried with the resource grammar library (Ranta 2007, 2008), which is the largest collection of grammars written in GF. The produced grammar sizes are summarized in Table 4. The columns show the grammar size in number of … Cited by 10 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] A generic multi-lingual open source platform for limited-domain medical speech translation [PDF] from mt-archive.info P Bouillon, M Rayner, N Chatzichrisafis… – In Proceedings of the …, 2005 – mt-archive.info … 79 features, and also includes a function-word lexicon with about 450 entries; less elaborate grammars also exist … 4 http://sourceforge.net/projects/regulus/ … 5. The post-processed specialised grammar is compiled into a CFG grammar in Nuance Grammar Specification Language … Cited by 32 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Grammar development in GF [PDF] from aclweb.org A Ranta, K Angelov… – Proceedings of the 12th Conference of …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … PGF can moreover be trans- lated to other formats, including language mod- els for speech recognition (eg Nuance and HTK; see Bringert 2007a), VoiceXML (Bringert 2007b), and JavaScript … As a grammar development system, GF is compa- rable to Regulus (Rayner 2006 … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 16 versions

The GF resource grammar library [PDF] from elanguage.net A Ranta – Linguistic Issues in Language Technology, 2009 – cyberling.elanguage.net … grammar. The most typical example of this is the use of the resource grammar library in application grammars: the semantic structures of the application are mapped into the syntactic structures of the resource. Proper examples … Cited by 19 – Related articles – All 13 versions

[PDF] Speech recognition grammar compilation in Grammatical Framework [PDF] from upenn.edu B Bringert – … of the workshop on grammar-based approaches to …, 2007 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … Ljunglöf (Ljunglöf, 2007b) re- lates GF and Regulus by showing how to convert GF grammars to Regulus grammars. … For example, by using the GF grammar compiler, the DUDE (Lemon and Liu, 2006) system can support both the ATK and Nuance recognizers. … Cited by 14 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 30 versions

[PDF] Efficient development of grammars for multilingual rule-based applications [PDF] from unige.ch ME Santaholma – 2010 – archive-ouverte.unige.ch … Page 25. English, Finnish and Japanese. The grammar was developed with the Regulus spo- ken grammar development framework (Rayner et al., 2006). Regulus grammars are feature-grammars that can be used for speech recognition, parsing and generation. We … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

An open source environment for compiling typed unification grammars into speech recognisers [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner, BA Hockey… – Proceedings of the tenth …, 2003 – dl.acm.org … Center Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000, USA {mrayner, bahockey, jdowding}@riacs.edu Abstract We present REGULUS, an Open Source environment which compiles typed uni- fication grammars into context free grammar language models compatible with the Nuance Toolkit. … Cited by 19 – Related articles – All 19 versions

MedSLT: a limited-domain unidirectional grammar-based medical speech translator [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner, P Bouillon, N Chatzichrisafis… – Proceedings of the …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … Regulus-based recognisers and gen- erators are easy to maintain, and grammar struc- ture is shared automatically across different subdo- mains. Resource grammars are available for several languages, including English, Japanese, French and Spanish. Nuance recognisers … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 17 versions

[PDF] REGULUS: A Generic Multilingual Open Source Platform for Grammar-Based Speech Applications [PDF] from lrec-conf.org M Rayner, P Bouillon, BA Hockey… – Proceedings of …, 2006 – lrec-conf.org … first for grammar specialisation, to produce a CFG language model, and then for PCFG training, using the Nuance compute grammar … which omitted the PCFG train- ing step, and instead compiled the recogniser directly from the CFG grammar produced by Regulus. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

[BOOK] Grammatical framework: programming with multilingual grammars [PDF] from chalmers.se A Ranta – 2011 – csmisc14.cs.chalmers.se … 2009): tools for language processing in Python. Page 61. Grammar formalism implementations NL-YACC (Ishii & al. 1994) … Page 62. Multilingual resource grammars CLE in DCG (Core Language Engine, Alshawi & al. 1992, Rayner & al. 2000) Regulus (Rayner & al. 2006) … Cited by 13 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 3 versions

“Let’s Go, DUDE!” using the Spoken Dialogue Challenge to teach Spoken Dialogue development [PDF] from hw.ac.uk H Hastie, N Merigaud, X Liu… – … Workshop (SLT), 2010 …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … the whole dialogue system (including speech recogni- tion grammars, NLU and dialogue manager), Regulus provides one … Page 6. cations such as SRGS ABNF (Augmented Backus-Naur Form), JSGF ABNF (Java Speech Grammar Format) and Nuance’s GSL (Grammar … Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Design Issues for a Bidirectional Mobile Medical Speech Translator [PDF] from unige.ch N Tsourakis, P Bouillon, M Rayner – 2009 – issco.unige.ch … general grammar into tightly constrained domain-specific grammars. For the case of performing speech recognition, subsequent processing compiles the domain-specific grammar into a Grammar-Based Language Model (GLM) in Nuance format. The Regulus platform also … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Open Microphone Speech Understanding: Correct Discrimination of in Domain Speech J Hieronymus, J Dowding – Acoustics, Speech and Signal …, 2006 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Page 3. open source Regulus project [16], which began as a joint effort between NASA Ames and Fluency Ltd. … The three grammars were compiled into Nuance grammars, the PSA EBL grammar, the PSA EBL probabilistic grammar and the PSA class n-gram grammar. … Related articles

Japanese speech understanding using grammar specialization [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner, N Chatzichrisafis, P Bouillon… – Proceedings of HLT/ …, 2005 – dl.acm.org … The CFG is compiled into the runtime recognizer using Nuance tools. Previously, the REGULUS grammar specialization programme has only been implemented for English. … We will demo the grammars and resulting recognizers in the context of Japanese ? English and … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 32 versions

[PDF] Comparing rule-based and statistical approaches to speech understanding in a limited domain speech translation system [PDF] from mt-archive.info M Rayner, P Bouillon, BA Hockey… – Proceedings of the …, 2004 – mt-archive.info … The core functionality provided by the REGULUS environment is compilation of typed unification grammars into annotated context-free grammar language models expressed in Nuance Grammar Specification Language (GSL) notation (Nuance 2004). … Cited by 16 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

[PDF] From Desktop to Mobile: Adapting a Successful Voice Interaction Platform for Use in Mobile Devices [PDF] from unige.ch N Tsourakis, A Lisowska, P Bouillon… – Proceedings of the …, 2008 – issco.unige.ch … For the case of recognition, subsequent processing compiles the domain-specific grammar into a Grammar-Based Language Model (GLM) in Nuance format. … The help module for a system built on the Regulus platform (for voice-only input) works in the following way. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[PDF] Comparison of Grammar-Based and Statistical Language Models Trained on the Same Data [PDF] from psu.edu BA Hockey… – Proceedings of the the AAAI Workshop on …, 2005 – Citeseer … Regulus The core functionality provided by the Regulus Open Source platform is compilation of typed unification grammars into annotated context-free grammar language models expressed in Nuance Grammar Specification Language (GSL) notation (Nuance 2005). … Regulus. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 14 versions

[PDF] A methodology for comparing grammar-based and robust approaches to speech understanding [PDF] from unige.ch E Rayner, P Bouillon, N Chatzichrisafis, BA Hockey… – 2005 – archive-ouverte.unige.ch … N-gram based recogniser employs a conventional class N-gram model constructed using the Nuance SayAnythingT M … G. Gorrell, M. Rayner, D. Milward, R. Koeling, and I. Lewin, “Comparing grammar-based and … [10] Regulus, http://sourceforge.net/projects/regulus/, 2005, as of … Cited by 19 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

A limited-domain English to Japanese medical speech translator built using REGULUS 2 [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner, P Bouillon, H Isahara… – Proceedings of the 41st …, 2003 – dl.acm.org … Speech recognition and source language analy- sis are performed using REGULUS 2. The grammar is specialised from the large domain-independent grammar using the … http://www.nuance. com. … Compil- ing language models from a linguistically motivated unification grammar. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 26 versions

[PDF] Dual-Type Automatic Speech Recogniser Designs for Spoken Dialogue Systems [PDF] from mercubuana.ac.id J Littlefield, M Broughton – Proceedings of the …, 2005 – lombablog.mercubuana.ac.id … Regulus (Rayner et al., 2001, Regulus, 2005) was incorporated for language processing, enabling the development of typed unification grammars and their compiling into Nuance compatible context- free grammar language models. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 17 versions

Spoken Dialogue Application in Space: The Clarissa Procedure Browser M Rayner, BA Hockey, JM Renders… – Speech …, 2010 – Springer … 3. The treebank is used to produce a specialised grammar in Regulus format, using the Explanation Based Learning (EBL) algorithm [8, 9]. 4. The specialised grammar is compiled into a Nuance GSL grammar, using the methods described in [5], Chapter 8. 5. The Nuance GSL … Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Examining the Effects of Rephrasing User Input on Two Mobile Spoken Language Systems [PDF] from psu.edu N Tsourakis, A Lisowska, M Rayner… – 2010 – Citeseer … For recognition, it is a semantically annotated CFG grammar in the form required by the Nuance engine, which is then subjected to further Nuance-specific compilation … The Regulus platform also contains further infrastructure to support construction of applications which use … Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[PDF] Spoken Dialogue for Virtual Advisers in a semi-immersive Command and Control environment [PDF] from mercubuana.ac.id D Estival, M Broughton, A Zschorn… – Proceedings of the …, 2003 – sia.mercubuana.ac.id … Natural Language Understanding component. Regulus is an Open Source environment which compiles typed unification grammars into context-free grammar language models compatible with the Nuance Toolkit. It is “written in … Cited by 11 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 32 versions

[PDF] The TALK grammar library: an integration of GF with TrindiKit [PDF] from gu.se P Ljunglöf, B Bringert, R Cooper, AC Forslund… – Deliverable D, 2005 – ling.gu.se … support for grammars. In previous systems built with these tools we have used simple phrase spotting to relate user and system utterances to dialogue moves. The correlations are expressed in GoDiS lexicons. For speech recognition we have used Nuance’s grammar formalism … Cited by 7 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

[PDF] Developing non-european translation pairs in a medium-vocabulary medical speech translation system [PDF] from ffzg.hr P Bouillon, S Halimi, Y Nakao, K Kanzaki… – Proceedings of LREC …, 2008 – hnk.ffzg.hr … Speech recognition uses the Nuance platform, equipped with grammar-based language models. … analysis and generation) are compiled from a small number of general linguistically motivated unification grammars, using the Open Source Regulus platform (Rayner et … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 14 versions

Emotive Driver Advisor System (EDAS) O Gusikhin, E Klampfl, D Filev… – Informatics in Control, …, 2011 – Springer … Furthermore, this would enable new cloud-based services and their corresponding vocabulary grammar to be added anytime. 5 Cloud-Based Infotainment and Decision Support … 25. Regulus, http://sourceforge.net/projects/regulus/ 26. Nuance, http://www.nuance.com/ 27. … Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Towards ontology-based natural language processing [PDF] from upenn.edu D Estival, C Nowak… – … 4th Workshop on NLP and XML …, 2004 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … Regulus is an Open Source environment which compiles typed unification grammars into context- free grammar language models compatible with the Nuance Toolkit.4 The lexicon for Regulus 2 is of the form shown in (2) and (3), where the macro in (2) defines the properties of … Cited by 15 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 27 versions

[PDF] Answering Questions About Archived, Annotated meetings [PDF] from epfl.ch M Ailomaa – 2009 – biblion.epfl.ch … 48 3.5.1 Model-driven approach to natural language understanding 48 3.5.2 Query set . . . . . 50 3.5.3 Grammar-based speech recognition . . . . . 51 3.5.4 Logical form . . . . . 52 3.5.5 Semantic lexicon . . . . . … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Library Search – All 3 versions

[PDF] Natural Language Techniques for Model-Driven Semantic Constraint Extraction [PDF] from epfl.ch M Ailomaa… – 2005 – infoscience.epfl.ch … recognition with Regulus and Nuance The grammar-based speech recognizer, chosen for the current architecture of Archivus, is implemented with the Regulus and Nuance software. Regulus is a Prolog-based toolkit for developing unification-based grammars and semantic … Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[PDF] Grammar-based context-specific statistical language modelling [PDF] from upenn.edu R Jonson – ACL 2007, 2007 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … development platform such as Gemini, Regulus or GF (Rayner et al., 2000; Rayner et al., 2006; Ranta, 2004). … Acknowledgment I would like to thank Nuance Communications Inc. … 2001. Comparing grammar-based and robust approaches to speech understanding: A case study. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 25 versions

[PDF] D5. 1: Software Infrastructure [PDF] from psu.edu O Lemon, G Pérez… – 2007 – Citeseer … spoken) dialogue sys- tems, by offering interfaces to speech recognisers (ATK, Nuance), speech synthesisers (Festival), parsers (GEMINI, REGULUS) and other … a special- purpose functional programming language for writing grammars, a grammar compiler, parser … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[PDF] Conversing with Franco, FOCAL’s virtual adviser [PDF] from dominique-estival.net M Broughton, O Carr, P Taplin… – Conversation …, 2002 – dominique-estival.net … The grammar supports alternate words, such as abbre- viated versions or nicknames of military platforms in our scenario. … system; has recently incorporated Australian-New Zealand English acoustic language mod- els, and Regulus compiles into Nuance grammars. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

[PDF] Compiling Grammar-based Speech Application Components [PDF] from chalmers.se B Bringert – 2007 – cse.chalmers.se … sync. Localization GF’s support for multilingual grammars and the common in- terface implemented by all grammars in the GF resource grammar library makes it easy to translate a system to a new language. Linguistic quality … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

An intelligent procedure assistant built using REGULUS 2 and ALTERF [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner, BA Hockey, J Hieronymus… – Proceedings of the 41st …, 2003 – dl.acm.org … REGULUS 2 (Rayner et al., 2003; Regulus, 2003) is an Open Source environment that … models can be con- verted into runnable speech recognisers by invoking the Nuance Toolkit compiler … Experience with grammar-based spoken dialogue systems shows that there is usually a … Related articles – All 16 versions

[PDF] A phrasebook style medical speech translator [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner… – Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting …, 2002 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … Recognition is guided by an annotated CFG grammar encoded in Nuance Grammar Specification Language (GSL) format; this … grammar is not written by hand, but compiled from a com- pact unification grammar representation using the open source Regulus tool (Rayner … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

Discriminative learning using linguistic features to rescore n-best speech hypotheses [PDF] from unige.ch M Georgescul, M Rayner… – … Workshop, 2008. SLT …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Since grammar-based language models behave very differently on in-coverage and out-of … In other Regulus application we have examined, 5-best WER has typically been about 80 … Specifically, we use two features: the Nuance confidence score (an integer between 1 and 100 … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Multimodal dialogue system grammars [PDF] from chalmers.se B Bringert, R Cooper, P Ljunglöf… – Proceedings of DIALOR, 2005 – cse.chalmers.se … a GF grammar to Nuance’s format for speech recognition grammars. The idea of generating context- free speech recognition grammars from gram- mars in a higher-level formalism has been de- scribed by Dowding et al. (2001), and imple- mented in the Regulus system … Cited by 18 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 13 versions

Almost flat functional semantics for speech translation [PDF] from unige.ch M Rayner, P Bouillon, BA Hockey… – Proceedings of the 22nd …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … Source speech translation system for medical domains, implemented using the Open Source Regulus compiler (Rayner et al., 2006) and the Nuance recognition platform. … Recognition uses a grammar-based language model, which produces a source-langage semantic … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 17 versions

[PDF] Using a semantic grammar as an interlingua in a multilingual speech translation system [PDF] from unige.ch Y Nakao, E Rayner, P Bouillon, BA Hockey… – 2008 – archive-ouverte.unige.ch … NAKAO, Yukie, et al. Using a semantic grammar as an interlingua in a multilingual speech translation system. … ????(Chatzichrisafis et al., 2006)? ?????? NUANCE ???????????? ???????????????? Regulus ???? ???????(Rayner … View as HTML – All 4 versions

A voice enabled procedure browser for the international space station [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner, BA Hockey, N Chatzichrisafis… – Proceedings of the ACL …, 2005 – dl.acm.org … On its own, however, Regulus only permits com- parison at the level of recognition strings. … Surface output from the Nuance speech recog- niser is a list of words, each tagged with a … 2001. Comparing grammar-based and robust approaches to speech understanding: a case study … Cited by 16 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 47 versions

[PDF] The FOCAL point-multimodal dialogue with virtual geospatial displays [PDF] from psu.edu S Wark, M Broughton, M Nowina-Krowicki… – Proc. SimTecT …, 2005 – Citeseer … system. The grammars are developed in Regulus[8], an open source environment which compiles typed unification grammars into context-free grammar language models that are compatible with the Nuance Toolkit. With Regulus … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

Adapting a medical speech to speech translation system (MedSLT) to Arabic [PDF] from upenn.edu P Bouillon, S Halimi, M Rayner… – Proceedings of the 2007 …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … are produced from linguistically motivated, general unification grammars using the Regulus platform (Rayner … medical di- agnosis through a trainable corpus-based automatic grammar specialization process. … Grammars (CFGs) in a format suitable for use with the Nuance speech … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 30 versions

Breaking the language barrier: machine assisted diagnosis using the medical speech translator [PDF] from unile.it M Starlander, P Bouillon, M Rayner… – Studies in health …, 2005 – IOS Press … With the grammar-based architecture and the help component, Table 3 shows a dramatic improvement in subjects’ performance even over short sessions averaging 60 utterances in length. … [10] Regulus, http://sourceforge.net/projects/regulus/. … [11] Nuance, http://www.nuance … Cited by 5 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 7 versions

[PDF] Practising controlled language through a help system integrated into the medical speech translation system (MedSLT) [PDF] from mt-archive.info M Starlander, P Bouillon… – Proceedings of the …, 2005 – mt-archive.info … generation, using a suitably compiled Regulus grammar for the target language. … 2001. Comparing Grammar- Based and Robust Approaches to Speech Understanding: A Case Study. In “Proceedings of Eurospeech”, Aalborg, Denmark. … Nuance, 2005. http://www.nuance.com. … Cited by 11 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] What’s the magic word? [PDF] from assta.org C Chua… – … International Conference on Speech Science and …, 2010 – assta.org … These words can be combined into command phrases using a grammar-based language model defined using the Regulus Toolkit [10]. Recognition is speaker-independent, and uses the standard Nuance 9 acoustic models for American English and the standard Nuance 9 … Cited by 2 – Related articles

[PDF] Une grammaire partagée multi-tâche pour le traitement de la parole: application aux langues romanes [PDF] from unige.ch P Bouillon, M Rayner, B Novellas… – TAL (Traitement …, 2007 – archive-ouverte.unige.ch … Volume 47 – no 3/2006 KEYWORDS: Speech to speech translation, language modelling, unification grammar, grammar- based recognition, multilingual grammars Page 4. … Regulus (et Nuance) permettent différents types de représentations ((Rayner et al., 2006), Chap. … Cited by 10 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] Linguistic representation of Finnish in a limited domain speech-to-speech translation system [PDF] from psu.edu M Santaholma – Proceedings of the 10th Conference on European …, 2005 – Citeseer … Unification grammars are compiled into grammar-based language models using the Open Source Regulus toolkit (Regulus, 2005). Language models are in GSL form, suitable for use with the Nuance platform (Nuance, 2005). … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

[PDF] Spoken Language Processing in the Clarissa Procedure Browser [PDF] from psu.edu M Rayner, BA Hockey, JM Renders… – Natural Language …, 2005 – Citeseer … treebank is used to produce a specialised grammar in Regulus format, using the Explanation Based Learning (EBL) algorithm (van Harmelen and Bundy 1988; Rayner 1988; Rayner et al. 2002). 4. The specialised grammar is compiled into a Nuance GSL grammar, using the … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 12 versions

Transparent combination of rule-based and data-driven approaches in a speech understanding architecture [PDF] from upenn.edu M Rayner… – Proceedings of the tenth conference on …, 2003 – dl.acm.org … functions. It is compatible with the open-source REGULUS compiler (Rayner et al., 2001a), which can be used to build Nuance recog- nisers from unification-grammar representations, but does not depend on it. ‘Alterf … Cited by 16 – Related articles – All 23 versions

[PDF] FOCAL: a collaborative multimodal multimedia display environment [PDF] from columbia.edu S Wark, A Zschorn, M Broughton… – Proceedings of …, 2004 – wiki.cs.columbia.edu … Speech recognition and natural language understanding is used to enable users to dialog naturally with the system[3],[4],[5]. For this we use the Nuance[6] speaker-independent speech recognition system, with high-level grammars developed in Regulus[7] and … Cited by 7 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] Leo: an architecture for sharing resources for unification-based grammars [PDF] from ffzg.hr J Baldridge, J Dowding… – Proceedings of the Third Language …, 2002 – hnk.ffzg.hr … based on a given grammar, such as that done for Gemini grammars and the Nuance speech recognizer … In a fashion similar to the previous two packages, the opennlp.leo.regulus.tdl package … of Gemini grammars to the LKB The process of converting a Gemini grammar into one … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 12 versions

[PDF] Navigo-an in-vehicle navigation dialogue system [PDF] from gu.se A Frisch, M Stenberg, S Larsson… – Master’s Thesis, University …, 2008 – ling.gu.se … 9 2.5 Regulus . . . . . … 46 C Dialogue System 61 D Grammar 67 … The speech recognition system used by DICO is called Nuance. 2 Text-to-speech enables conversion of text into speech, making it possible for a dialogue system to speak to its user. DICO uses Acapela TTS. 3 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML

Une grammaire multilingue partagée pour la traduction automatique de la parole [PDF] from unige.ch P Bouillon, M Rayner, B Novellas… – Proceedings of the …, 2006 – books.google.com … Keywords: speech to speech translation, language modelling, uni?cation grammar, grammar-based recognition, multilingual … Dans Regulus, la reconnaissance et l’analyse (syntaxique et sémantique) sont réalisées par la plateforme Nuance, après conversion de la … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[BOOK] Programming Language Techniques for Natural Language Applications [PDF] from gu.se B Bringert – 2008 – gupea.ub.gu.se … Nuance Communications Inc., OptimSys sro, Opera Software ASA, and ROBO Design have provided me with software licenses and technical support. … Dialogue manager GF Grammar Multimodal Grammars (Paper II) Portable Parsing and Linearization (Paper VI) … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Library Search – All 14 versions

[BOOK] GF Runtime System [PDF] from chalmers.se K Angelov – 2009 – cse.chalmers.se … Still grammars of the size of the grammars in the GF Resource Grammar Library (Ranta 2008) were too big challenge. … This is not a problem if the grammar is used only as a library but having a parser which works even with big grammars is still an advantage. … Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 4 versions

[PDF] Les ellipses dans un système de Traduction Automatique de la Parole [PDF] from unige.ch P Bouillon, E Rayner, M Starlander… – 2007 – archive-ouverte.unige.ch … Keywords: Speech recognition, speech translation, ellipsis, dialogue processing, grammar- based language modelling, evaluation 1 Page 3. … Ceci se fait avec la plateforme Regulus, bâtie directement sur les outils vocaux de Nuance(Rayner et al., 2006). … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Spoken Language Translation F Ehsani, R Frederking, M Rayner… – Speech Technology, 2010 – Springer … an HMM-based recognition platform, was later developed into the commercial Nuance system … gram- mars into language models is handled by the Open Source Regulus platform [48 … are heavily specialized to the domain, both by the corpus-based grammar specialization method … Related articles – All 2 versions

SICStus Prolog–the first 25 years [PDF] from arxiv.org M Carlsson… – Arxiv preprint arXiv:1011.5640, 2010 – arxiv.org Page 1. arXiv:1011.5640v1 [cs.PL] 25 Nov 2010 Under consideration for publication in Theory and Practice of Logic Programming 1 SICStus Prolog-the first 25 years Mats Carlsson and Per Mildner SICS, PO Box 1263, SE-164 29 Kista, Sweden … Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Clarissa spoken dialogue system for procedure reading and navigation [PDF] from psu.edu J Hieronymus… – 2004 – Citeseer … The speech recognition grammars should allow any sensible utterance to be understood and acted … The speech recognition engine used in Clarissa is from Nuance Communications 4 . … J., Dowding, J. and Aist, G., “An Intelligent Procedure Assistant Built using REGULUS 2 and … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

[BOOK] Horace on poetry: Epistles book II: the letters to Augustus and Florus CO Brink – 2011 – books.google.com … American Philological Association Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta ed.2 A. N auck Thesaurus Linguae Latinae Tragicorum Romanorum Fragmenta ed.3 O. Ribbeck Vocabularium Iurisprudentiae Romanae Wiener Studien Yale Classical Studies The Grammars of Hofmann … Cited by 224 – Related articles – Library Search – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Readers and reading culture in the high Roman Empire: a study of elite communities WA Johnson – 2010 – books.google.com Page 1. Page 2. READERS and READING CULTURE IN THE HIGH ROMAN EMPIRE A Study of Elite Communities Page 3. Readers and Reading Culture in the High Roman Empire Page 4. CLASSICAL CULTURE AND SOCIETY … Cited by 6 – Related articles – Library Search

Article Sources and Contributors C radicalism Source – Faith-based radicalism: Christianity, Islam …, 2007 – books.google.com … grammar. … Mimjc, Mkmcconn, Moeron, Moilleadóir, Mollycarle, Monasticknight, Moriori, Mpaks, MrsKrishan, Mvblair, Mwanner, N5iln, N6624j, Natl1, NawlinWiki, Nc creeper, Neilc, NeoJustin, Neutrality, Nigholith, Nirvana2013, Nissi Kim, Nitpyck, Nohat, Nuance 4, Ohnoitsjamie …

[PDF] My life with rhetoric: From neglect to obsession [PDF] from uw.edu.pl WC Booth – RHETORIC AND RHETORICAL CRITICISM, 2004 – users.id.uw.edu.pl … as a reputable academic subject? Of course not. It was all grammar, Jost/A Companion to Rhetoric and Rhetorical Criticism Final Proof 21.11. 2003 6: 28pm page 496 496 Wayne C. Booth Page 510. correctness, drills in how … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[BOOK] Ancient Rome in so many words C Francese – 2007 – books.google.com … While devoted to sense, I feel no such loyalty to Latin syntax, grammar, and word order, which are quite different from those of English. … above, many of my comments involve putting the Latin terms in a his- torical setting and charting some of their changes in nuance and use … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search

[BOOK] Predicting Pronunciation and Spelling in the English Language A Abbas – 2008 – books.google.com … cense censor cent centre century cereal certify cession cestus deceit deceive December decency deception entrance excel expert face faucet finance glance grace incept insurance joyance justice lace license mercenary mercer mince necessary nice notice nuance place office … Library Search

[PDF] RIACS FY2002 Annual Report [PDF] from riacs.edu BM Leiner – 2002 – riacs.edu Page 1. RIACS FY2002 Annual Report Barry M. Leiner RIACS Technical Report AR-02 November 2002 Page 2. RIACS FY2002 Annual Report October 2001 through September 2002 THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Page 3. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[BOOK] The social sciences and biblical translation D Neufeld – 2008 – books.google.com … Translation is, then, not simply the transference of meaning from one language system to another with the use of dic- tionaries and grammars. … the matter and is itself appropriately only translatable as the much less effective “to translate is to betray,” where the nuance carried by … Library Search – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Epigrams: Martial CA Williams – 2004 – books.google.com … education in Spain (9.73); that he did not pursue the obvious career path in rhetoric, whether in the schools or in the courtroom (2.30, 2.90); that once in Rome he sought and obtained the friendship and patronage of such well.known men as Decianus (2.praef.), Regulus (2.74.2 … Related articles – Library Search

[BOOK] St Augustine of Hippo: the Christian transformation of political philsophy RW Dyson – 2005 – books.google.com Page 1. Dyson Page 2. RW Dyson Page 3. St Augustine of Hippo The Christian Transformation of Political Philosophy Page 4. This page intentionally left blank Page 5. St Augustine of Hippo The Christian Transformation of Political Philosophy Robert Dyson continuum Page 6. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Library Search – All 4 versions

[BOOK] Islamic science and the making of the European Renaissance G Saliba – 2007 – books.google.com … 2 Chapter 1 been more advanced, but with a particular nuance to “advanced.” The ancient civilizations in question are the Greco-Hellenistic civilization on the western edge of, and overlapping with, the geographical domain of the Islamic civilization, and the Sasanian (and by … Cited by 55 – Related articles – Library Search – All 4 versions

[BOOK] The Latin Poems S Johnson… – 2005 – books.google.com Page 1. SAMUEL JOHNSON The Latin Poems Translated and Edited by Niall Rudd Page 2. Page 3. Samuel Johnson The Latin Poems Translated and Edited by NIALL RUDD This work is based on a simple premise-that in … Related articles – Library Search – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Athletics and literature in the Roman Empire J König – 2005 – books.google.com Page 1. Jason Konig GREEK CULTURE IN THE ROMAN WORLD Athletics and Literature in the Roman Empire Cambridge Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. C0NTENTS 1 Introduction 2 Lucian and Anacharsis: gymnasion education in … Cited by 28 – Related articles – Library Search – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Un traducteur et un humaniste de l’époque de Charles VI, Laurent de Premierfait C Bozzolo… – 2004 – books.google.com Page 1. Un traducteur et un humaniste de F époque de Charles V Laurent de Premierfait sous la direction de CARLA BOZZOLO Page 2. Page 3. Un traducteur et un humaniste de l’époque de Charles VI Laurent de Premierfait Page 4. … Cited by 4 – Related articles – Library Search

[BOOK] Time and the Astrolabe in the Canterbury Tales M Osborn – 2002 – books.google.com … taken by the Sun across the heavens. Some are associated with a particular bright star used for navigation, as is Leo with Regulus, Virgo with Spica, and Scorpio with Antares, all lying along the Sun’s path. Easiest of all to find is … Cited by 3 – Related articles – Library Search

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