Conversational Agent 2014

See also:

Conversational Agent 2011 | Conversational Agent 2012 | Conversational Agent 2013

A configurable conversational agent to trigger students’ productive dialogue: A pilot study in the CALL domain S Tegos, S Demetriadis, T Tsiatsos – International Journal of Artificial …, 2014 – Springer Abstract Conversational agents constitute a specific type of ITSs that has been reportedly proven successful in helping students in one-to-one settings, while recently their impact has also been explored in computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL). In this work, we … Cited by 4 Related articles All 3 versions

Modern conversational agents D Suendermann-Oeft – Technologien für digitale Innovationen, 2014 – Springer Abstract Conversational agents are computer programs engaging with human users in a conversation to assist, educate, or entertain. Being subject to substantial research interest ever since the advent of artificial intelligence in the 1950s and 60s, recent advances in … Cited by 3 Related articles All 3 versions

An architecture for fluid real-time conversational agents: integrating incremental output generation and input processing S Kopp, H van Welbergen, R Yaghoubzadeh… – Journal on Multimodal …, 2014 – Springer Abstract Embodied conversational agents still do not achieve the fluidity and smoothness of natural conversational interaction. One main reason is that current system often respond with big latencies and in inflexible ways. We argue that to overcome these problems, real- … Cited by 3 Related articles All 7 versions

User-awareness and adaptation in conversational agents V Deli?, M Gnjatovi?, N Jakovljevi?… – Facta Universitatis, …, 2014 – Abstract This paper considers the research question of developing user-aware and adaptive conversational agents. The conversational agent is a system which is user-aware to the extent that it recognizes the user identity and his/her emotional states that are relevant in a … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

The affective outcomes of using influence tactics in embodied conversational agents DC Derrick, GS Ligon – Computers in Human Behavior, 2014 – Elsevier Abstract In this study, we highlight the theoretical underpinnings of human impression management tactics and link them to current research in embodied conversational agents. Specifically, we incorporated impression management behaviors into an embodied … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Can Animated Agents Help Us Create Better Conversational Moods? An Experiment on the Nature of Optimal Conversations M Yuasa – Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. …, 2014 – Springer … We used TV Program Making Language (TVML) [7], which is a toolset that controls virtual characters. We selected three characters from the TVML set as conversational agents that can produce various facial expressions, gaze directions, and mouth movements. Page 3. … Cited by 1 Related articles

Recorded Speech, Virtual Environments, and the Effectiveness of Embodied Conversational Agents I Gris, D Novick, A Camacho, DA Rivera… – Intelligent Virtual …, 2014 – Springer Abstract Development of embodied conversational agents (ECAs) has tended to focus on the character’s dialog capabilities, with less research on the design and effect of the agent’s voice and of the virtual environments in which the agent exists. For a study of human-ECA … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Domain and Subtask-Adaptive Conversational Agents to Provide an Enhanced Human-Agent Interaction D Griol, JM Molina, AS de Miguel – Advances in Practical Applications of …, 2014 – Springer Abstract One of the most demanding tasks when developing conversational agents consists of designing the dialog manager, which decides the next system response considering the user’s actions and the dialog history. A previously developed statistical dialog … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Learning by communicating in natural language with conversational agents AC Graesser, H Li, C Forsyth – Current Directions in …, 2014 – Abstract Learning is facilitated by conversational interactions both with human tutors and with computer agents that simulate human tutoring and ideal pedagogical strategies. In this article, we describe some intelligent tutoring systems (eg, AutoTutor) in which agents … Cited by 1 Related articles

Supporting problem-solving in Mathematics with a conversational agent capable of representing gifted students’ knowledge EVB Aguiar, LMR Tarouco… – System Sciences (HICSS …, 2014 – Abstract This paper describes a conversational agent designed to support problem solving in Mathematics. The agent’s knowledge base has been structured to represent gifted students’ problem solving strategies. These were students who won the Brazilian … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Large-scale collection and analysis of personal question-answer pairs for conversational agents H Sugiyama, T Meguro, R Higashinaka… – Intelligent Virtual …, 2014 – Springer Abstract In conversation, a speaker sometimes asks questions that relate to another speaker’s detailed personality, such as his/her favorite foods and sports. This behavior also appears in conversations with conversational agents; therefore, agents should be … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Natural language scripting within conversational agent design K O’Shea – Applied intelligence, 2014 – Springer Abstract This paper presents a novel Semantic-Based Conversational Agent (SCA). Traditional conversational agents (CA) interpret scripts consisting of structural patterns of sentences, which take no consideration of semantic content. The script writer must … Cited by 1 Related articles All 5 versions

A Real-Time Architecture for Embodied Conversational Agents: Beyond Turn-Taking B Nooraei, C Rich, C Sidner – ACHI 2014, The Seventh International …, 2014 – Abstract: We describe the design, implementation and use of a middleware system, called DiscoRT, to support the development of virtual and robotic conversational agents. The use cases for this system include handling conversational and event-based interruptions, and … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

ArabChat: an Arabic Conversational Agent M Hijjawi, Z Bandar, K Crockett… – Computer Science and …, 2014 – Abstract This paper details the development of a novel and practical Conversational Agent for the Arabic language called ArabChat. A conversational Agent is a computer program that attempts to simulate conversations between machine and human. In this paper, the term ‘ … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

ForgetMeNot: What and how users expect intelligent virtual agents to recall and forget personal conversational content D Richards, K Bransky – International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 2014 – Elsevier … A primary aim in the field of virtual agents is the creation of believable characters that are useful in their situated paradigm (eg, games, narratives, assistive computing, pedagogical agents, embodied conversational agents, artificial companion etc.). … Cited by 2 Related articles All 4 versions

Developing Multimodal Conversational Agents: From the Use of VoiceXML to Android-Based Applications D Griol, JM Molina, AS de Miguel – Advances in Practical Applications of …, 2014 – Springer Abstract The current industrial development of commercial conversational agents and dialog systems deploys robust interfaces in strictly defined application domains. However, commercial systems have not yet adopted new perspectives proposed in the academic … Related articles All 2 versions

From Modeling Multimodal and Multiparty Interactions to Designing Conversational Agents YI Nakano – Proceedings of the 2014 workshop on Understanding …, 2014 – Abstract Conversational agents are expected to allow natural human-computer interaction by mimicking human communication behaviors. The users would expend less effort in using such computer systems. To build such systems, computational models of human … Related articles

A design method using cooperative principle for conversational agent M Yuasa – Proceedings of the second international conference on …, 2014 – Abstract It is usually difficult to pre-determine the various verbal and nonverbal behaviors that an agent will exhibit in conversation. In order to develop an efficient conversational agent, a better design method is therefore required, preferably one that is relatively simple … Related articles

Building a narrative conversational agent using a component-based architecture W Boisseleau, O Serban, A Pauchet – Proceedings of the 2014 …, 2014 – Abstract This paper describes a component based-model for a Narrative Conversational Agent. This project has to interact with a child in a storytelling environment as natural as possible and replace the previous version of the platform, where the actions were … Related articles All 7 versions

A Multimodal Conversational Agent for Personalized Language Learning D Griol, I Baena, JM Molina, AS de Miguel – Ambient Intelligence-Software …, 2014 – Springer Abstract Conversational agents have became a strong alternative to enhance educational systems with intelligent communicative capabilities. In this paper, we describe a multimodal conversational agent that facilitates an independent and user-adapted second language … Related articles All 3 versions

Conversational Agents in Virtual Worlds: Immersion and the Conversational Record. B Heller, M Procter – Abstract Conversational agents (CAs) are computer programs designed to chat with users in natural language using the rules of conversation and turn-taking. In our research, we have been investigating historical figure applications (ie Freudbot), their role in virtual worlds … Related articles

The Development of Conversational Agent Based Interface A Utka – … Technologies-The Baltic Perspective: Proceedings of …, 2014 – Abstract. In this paper we present two prototypes of 3D based virtual agents: one chatbot which in addition to the ability to hold a conversation can perform translation from English into Spanish, Russian, and French; and another which supplies currency conversion (lats …

Conversational Agent to Promote Students’ Productive Talk: The Effect of Solicited vs. Unsolicited Agent Intervention S Tegos, SN Demetriadis… – … (ICALT), 2014 IEEE 14th …, 2014 – Abstract-Recent research has provided evidence that conversational agents can effectively be used to trigger and scaffold peer discource in computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) settings. In this study, we use a prototype conversational agent system named … Related articles All 2 versions

Architecture of a socio-conversational agent in virtual worlds B Ravenet, M Ochs, C Pelachaud – Image Processing (ICIP), …, 2014 – ABSTRACT Virtual worlds are more and more populated with autonomous conversational agents embodying different roles like tutor, guide, or personal assistant. In order to create more engaging and natural interactions, these agents should be endowed with social …

The feasibility of using conversational agent technology to improve problem-solving and coping skills of young adults with cancer M von Friederichs-Fitzwater, FJ Meyers… – Clinical, Cosmetic …, 2014 – Objective: Young adults with cancer have unique psychosocial needs and often lack the problem-solving and coping skills for effective resolution. We conducted a study to clarify these needs and then developed and tested an educational intervention to coach young … Related articles All 3 versions

SIMONA–the Slovak embodied conversational agent S Ondas, J Juhar, M Trnka – Intelligent Decision Technologies, 2014 – IOS Press The proposed paper deals with the design and development of SIMONA–the Slovak embodied conversational agent. It was created as an extension of a multimodal dialogue system with the BML realizer Elckerlyc as an embodied agent. Elckerlyc is a BML … Related articles

Measuring the Effectiveness of Embodied Conversational Agents for College Writing Labs K Gosha, R Bassy, J Porter, A Oladele – World Conference on E-Learning …, 2014 – Abstract This research aims to reduce the stress on the college writing center’s personnel and expand the center’s resources by providing students with web-based assistance using an Embodied Conversational Agent (ECA). The goals of this research are to construct and … Related articles All 2 versions

Conversational Agent framework to increase Subjective Well-Being and improve aging memory loss in older adults C Curry, J O’Shea, K Crockett, L Brown – In 2008, 1.3 million people in the United Kingdom were aged 85 and over, and this is projected to reach 3.3 million by 2033. Thus, as the population profile changes, aging memory impairment problems will become more acute. Improving memory impairment … Related articles All 4 versions

Semantic similarity framework for Thai conversational agents K Osathanunkul – 2014 – Conversational Agents integrate computational linguistics techniques and natural language to support human-like communication with complex computer systems. There are a number of applications in business, education and entertainment, including unmanned call … All 5 versions

Arabic Goal-oriented Conversational Agent Based on Pattern Matching and Knowledge Trees Z Noori, Z Bandar, K Crockett – Proceedings of the World Congress on …, 2014 – Abstract-Conversational Agents (CA’s) are computer agents used in applications to converse with humans using natural language dialogues. They are widely used in different fields like industry, education, marketing, health, and other services. Goal Oriented … Related articles

Conversational Agents Can Help Humans Identify Flaws in the Science Reported in Digital Media AC Graesser, KK Millis, SK D’Mello… – … : Theoretical and Applied …, 2014 – It is widely believed that information in print, spoken, and digital media is replete with inaccuracies, especially now that there is less editing of content in most media outlets. Inaccurate information may range from a single sentence that conveys a fact or claim to … Related articles

Toward an Objective Linguistic-Based Measure of Perceived Embodied Conversational Agent Power and Likeability MD Pickard, JK Burgoon, DC Derrick – International Journal of …, 2014 – Taylor & Francis Embodied conversational agents (ECA) are a type of intelligent, multimodal computer interface that allow computers to interact with humans in a face-to-face manner. It is quite feasible that ECAs will someday replace the common keyboard as a human–computer … Related articles

Erratum to: Natural language scripting within conversational agent design. K O’shea, KA Crockett, Z Bandar, J O’shea – Appl. Intell., 2014 – The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The original article was submitted with Karen O’Shea as a sole author. There were however, additional authors whom should have received credit. The authors: Keeley Crockett, Zuhair Bandar and … All 4 versions

Negobot: Detecting paedophile activity with a conversational agent based on game theory C Laorden, P Galán-García, I Santos, B Sanz… – Logic Journal of …, 2014 – Oxford Univ Press Abstract Children have been increasingly becoming active users of the Internet and, although any segment of the population is susceptible to falling victim to the existing risks, they in particular are one of the most vulnerable. Thus, some of the major scourges of this … Related articles All 2 versions

Spiritual Counseling for Male College Students Using Embodied Conversational Agents K Gosha, J Porter III, D Cherry, C Ordu… – Journal of Progressive …, 2014 – In recent years, university and college counseling centers have reported a change in the needs of students seeking counseling services, from more simple developmental and informational needs to more severe psychological problems (Gallagher, Gill, & Sysko, … Related articles

The Geranium System: Multimodal Conversational Agents for E-learning D Griol, JM Molina, AS de Miguel – Distributed Computing and Artificial …, 2014 – Springer Abstract Many e-learning applications use conversational agents as means to obtain enhanced pedagogical results such as fostering motivation and engagement, incrementing significant learning and helping in the acquisition of meta-cognitive skills. In this paper, we … Related articles All 3 versions

Effects of Conversational Agents on Activation of Communication in Thought-Evoking Multi-Party Dialogues K Dohsaka, R HIGASHINAKA, Y MINAMI… – … on Information and …, 2014 – This paper presents an experimental study that analyzes how conversational agents activate human communication in thought-evoking multi-party dialogues between multi-users and multi-agents. A thought-evoking dialogue is a kind of interaction in which agents act to … Related articles All 4 versions

Emotional Embodied Conversational Agent R Singh – 2014 – Abstract The main purpose of the work is to extract emotions from user input and apply to the dialogue between embodied conversational agent and user. Since the advent of the computer, many advancements has been made to make the interaction with the computer … Related articles

Design Implications of a Conversational Agent in an Implicitly-Persuasive Application. A Yoshii, T Nakajima – International Journal of Software Engineering & Its …, 2014 – Abstract Persuasion can be used to encourage an individual to change his/her behaviors. However, persuading people in one of multiple behavior stages, such as a degree of achievement of target behavior, requires consideration suitable for each stage. We have … Related articles All 3 versions

Conversational Agents for Learning: How the Agent Role Affects Student Communication S Tegos, A Karakostas, S Demetriadis – Research on e-Learning and ICT …, 2014 – Springer Abstract Conversational pedagogical agents guide and scaffold student dialogue using natural language both in individual and collaborative learning settings. Although conversational agents have been developed to meet a wide variety of educational needs, … Related articles All 3 versions

VOX system: a semantic embodied conversational agent exploiting linked data FJ Serón, C Bobed – Multimedia Tools and Applications, 2014 – Springer Abstract In the last few years, the use of ontologies has spread thanks to the irruption of the Semantic Web. They have become a crucial tool in information systems as they explicitly state the meaning of information, making it possible to share it and to achieve higher … Related articles

Domain-sensitive topic management in a modular conversational agent framework D Macias Galindo – 2014 – Flexible nontask-oriented conversational agents require content for generating responses and mechanisms that serve them for choosing appropriate topics to drive interactions with users. Structured knowledge resources such as ontologies are a useful mechan Related articles All 2 versions

Towards a Reflective Practicum of Embodied Conversational Agent Experiences D Rivera-Gutierrez, A Kleinsmith… – … (ICALT), 2014 IEEE …, 2014 – Abstract—A reflective practicum is a low-pressure, low-risk learning environment. In a reflective practicum a learner is educated in a professional practice and how to use reflection in the setting of that professional practice. An example of a low-pressure and low … Related articles All 3 versions

Word order variation and string similarity algorithm to reduce pattern scripting in pattern matching conversational agents M Kaleem, JD O’Shea… – … Intelligence (UKCI), 2014 …, 2014 – Abstract—This paper presents a novel sentence similarity algorithm designed to mitigate the issue of free word order in the Urdu language. Free word order in a language poses many challenges when implemented in a conversational agent, primarily due to the fact that it … Related articles

Bayesian Inverse Reinforcement Learning for Modeling Conversational Agents in a Virtual Environment. LMR Barahona, C Cerisara – Conference on Intelligent Text Processing …, 2014 – This work proposes a Bayesian approach to learn the behavior of hu-man characters that give advice and help users to complete tasks in a situated environment. We apply Bayesian Inverse Reinforcement Learning (BIRL) to in-fer this behavior in the context of a serious … Related articles All 4 versions

Effects of Language Variety on Personality Perception in Embodied Conversational Agents B Krenn, B Endrass, F Kistler, E André – Human-Computer Interaction. …, 2014 – Springer Abstract In this paper, we investigate the effects of language variety in combination with bodily behaviour on the perceived personality of a virtual agent. In particular, we explore changes on the extroversion-introversion dimension of personality. An online perception … Related articles

A Study on Psychological Care for the Elderly using Web-based Embodied Conversational Agent J LIN – Abstract In the whole world, the proportion of aged population is increasing day by day. To fulfill Confucius’ philosophy of” treat others’ elderly and youth as if they are our family members”, we proposed an intelligent web-based agent which is able to conduct daily life … Related articles

Togetherness: Multiple Pedagogical Conversational Agents as Companions in Collaborative Learning Y Hayashi – Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 2014 – Springer Abstract This study investigates the design of effective interaction using pedagogical conversational agents (PCAs) as companions in collaborative learning activities. Specifically, we focus on the use of embodied PCAs that evoke social awareness and … Related articles

Virtual Agent Constructionism: Experiences from Health Professions Students Creating Virtual Conversational Agent Representations of Patients S Halan, B Lok, I Sia, M Crary – … Learning Technologies (ICALT) …, 2014 – Abstract—This paper reports on applying constructionism with virtual agents in an educational setting. We introduce a methodology–Virtual Agent Constructionism, which involves health professions students creating virtual conversational agent representations … Related articles All 3 versions

Bayesian Inverse Reinforcement Learning for Modeling Conversational Agents in a Virtual Environment LM Rojas-Barahona, C Cerisara – Computational Linguistics and …, 2014 – Springer Abstract This work proposes a Bayesian approach to learn the behavior of human characters that give advice and help users to complete tasks in a situated environment. We apply Bayesian Inverse Reinforcement Learning (BIRL) to infer this behavior in the context … Related articles All 3 versions

Evaluating the Impact of Embodied Conversational Agents (ECAs) Attentional Behaviors on User Retention of Cultural Content in a Simulated Mobile Environment I Doumanis, S Smith – Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Eye Gaze in …, 2014 – Abstract The paper presents an evaluation study of the impact of an ECA’s attentional behaviors using a custom research method that combines facial expression analysis, eye- tracking and a retention test. The method provides additional channels to EEG-based … Related articles All 2 versions

Conversational Agents in Experiential and Ludic Design MP Aylett, CS Edinburgh – ABSTRACT An alternative to traditional user centred design is to focus on the role of experience and ludic elements in human computer interaction. We argue that conversational agents (CAs) are a powerful design tool for adding ludic elements to a system such as … Related articles

Social Support Strategies for Embodied Conversational Agents JM van der Zwaan, V Dignum, CM Jonker – Emotion Modeling, 2014 – Springer Abstract There is a growing interest in employing conversational agents as companions and coaches. An important skill for this type of agents is providing social support to users after they have an experienced upsetting event. In order to provide social support, … Related articles

Embodied Conversational Agents: Social or Nonsocial? JE Case, NW Twyman – Abstract Since the advent of radio, we are accustomed to hearing disembodied human voices from devices. If system designers use an embodied conversational agent (ECA) as the interface to their system, they select either a human or a synthetic voice. One prior … Related articles All 2 versions

Alternative Approaches to Correction of Malapropisms in AIML Based Conversational Agents WA Brock – 2014 – Abstract The use of Conversational Agents (CAs) utilizing Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) has been studied in a number of disciplines. Previous research has shown a great deal of promise. It has also documented significant limitations in the … Related articles

Gaze and Attention Management for Embodied Conversational Agents T PEJSA, S ANDRIST, M GLEICHER, B MUTLU – To facilitate natural interactions between humans and embodied conversational agents (ECAs), we need to endow the latter with the same nonverbal cues that humans use to communicate. Gaze cues in particular are integral in mechanisms for communication and … Related articles

Facilitating Natural Conversational Agent Interactions: Lessons from a Deception Experiment R Schuetzler, M Grimes, J Giboney, J Buckman – 2014 – Abstract This study reports the results of a laboratory experiment exploring interactions between humans and a conversational agent. Using the ChatScript language, we created a chat bot that asked participants to describe a series of images. The two objectives of this … Related articles

Developing multimodal conversational agents for an enhanced e-learning experience D Griol, JM Molina, AS de Miguel – ADCAIJ: Advances in Distributed …, 2014 – Abstract Conversational agents have become a strong alternative to enhance educational systems with intelligent communicative capabilities, provide motivation and engagement, and increment significant learning and helping in the acquisition of meta-cognitive skills. … Related articles All 4 versions

Giving Voice to the Internet by Means of Conversational Agents D Griol, AS de Miguel, JM Molina – Intelligent Data Engineering and …, 2014 – Springer Abstract In this paper we present a proposal to develop conversational agents that avoids the effort of manually defining the dialog strategy for the agent and also takes into account the benefits of using current standards. In our proposal the dialog manager is trained by … Related articles All 3 versions

Effective Tutoring with Empathic Embodied Conversational Agents SG Moyo – 2014 – This thesis examines the prospect of using empathy in an Embodied Tutoring System (ETS) that guides students through an online quiz (by providing feedback on student answers and responding to self-reported student emotion). The ETS seeks to imitate human behaviours … Related articles All 2 versions

Extending a lexicalist functional grammar through speech acts, constructions and conversational software agents B Nolan – Language Processing and Grammars: The role of …, 2014 – Extending a lexicalist functional grammar through speech acts, constructions and conversational software agents Brian Nolan Institute of Technology Blanchardstown Dublin This paper advances a model of conversational agents in a computational framework that builds on the … Related articles