Cognitive Architecture Timeline


See also:

Best Cognitive Architecture Videos | BICA (Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures) | Cognitive Architecture & Dialog SystemsCognitive Architectures 2011 | Cougaar (Cognitive Agent Architecture) | RCS (Real-time Control System) Cognitive Architecture


1956

1956 – SOAR is the end of a long line of intelligent reasoners that began with the Logic Theorist in 1956. The line runs through GPS and the OPS series (and others ). SOAR’s roots include the concept of a cognitive architecture, the idea of an instructable …

1989

Sep 1989 – LANGLEY, P., THOMPSON, K., IBA, W., GENNARI, JH, AND ALLEN, JA An integrated cognitive architecture for autonomous agents. Teeh. Rep. 89-28, Univ. of Calif., Irvine, Sept. 1989.

1991

Feb 1991 – The transgressor was Paul Mozer, a trader, who in February 1991 improperly … [ www.athenaonline.com ]. Wiki,Paul Smolensky,Psychology,Optimality Theory, Cognitive Science,Connectionism,Alan Prince,Professional Psychology,constraints, eds,Wikia,Psychology …

Aug 30, 1991 – … … evolutionarily adaptive by generating higher probabilities of survival reproduction and resource acquisition Experiments with enclosed colonies of bumblebees constrained to foraging on artificial flowers suggest that the bumblebee’s cognitive architecture is designed to efficiently …

1994

Sep 1994 – {36} John E. Laird and Paul S. Rosenbloom. The evolution of the Soar cognitive architecture. Technical Report CSE-TR-219-94, Department of EE & CS, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, September 1994. also in Mind Matters, Steier and Mitchell, eds.

1995

Nov 5, 1995 – … … is inferential descriptive even anecdotal not empirical that is based on carefully designed experimentsTo my knowledge there is not even one empirical test of the theory says Robert J Sternberg of Yale University who has developed his own complex model of cognitive architecture …

1998

1998 – Chown came to Bowdoin College in 1998. He earned both his bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Northwestern University and his doctorate from the University of Michigan. Besides teaching computer science courses in artificial intelligence, cognitive …

Aug 1998 – Y. Lallement and BE John. Cognitive architecture and modeling idiom: an examination of three models of the Wickens’s task. Twentieth annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Madison, Wisconsin, August 1998. Postscript.

1999

Sep 1999 – Invited address presented at the meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology, Ghent , Belgium, September, 1999.

2002

Mar 1, 2002 – … … were Dario D Salvucci Nissan Cambridge Basic Research Erwin R Boer Nissan Cambridge Basic Research and Andrew Liu MIT The three were recognized for their paperToward an Integrated Model of Driver Behavior in a Cognitive Architecture published in Transportation Research Record …

Sep 1, 2002 – … … humanlevel commonsense reasoning system The basic proposal was1 to develop certain ideas of Minsky and Sloman about a multilevel cognitive architecture and 2 to develop the system in a way that would exploit many existing artificial intelligence techniques for commonsense reasoning …

Sep 22, 2002 – … … the LakoffTurner account generates and interprets nonlexicalized metaphors algorithmically It is a general principle of cognitive science that any explanation should be set out in a series of steps involving only structures and contents of the cognitive architecture In addition each …

Oct 14, 2002 – Led by Donald Stuss PhD of the Rotman Research Institute the psychologists say that their findings support a proposed cognitive architecture of attention The threeattentional systems discoveredthere may be more in the frontal lobes include. * In the superior medialroughly top middle …

Oct 24, 2002 – ship Competition 2002 Cognitive Architecture apprentice carpenter John Leuch and Giffin Interior and Fixture An easily assembled and dis sembled fair booth appealing for its combination of craft and ingenuity and the elegance and exuberance of the form …

2003

Mar 22, 2003 – To model this shift from using declarative knowledge to procedural knowledge Anderson proposed a learning mechanism he called knowledge compilation which became part of the ACT* cognitive architectureAnderson 1983 a predecessor of ACT R Knowledge compilation is a computational theory of …

Jun 19, 2003 – … … coordination and offline planning of action Is this a claim about brains as such or is it instead about highlevel cognitive architecture It is striking that Churchland’s treatment focuses for the most part on general engineering considerations about the utility of emulators …

Nov 14, 2003 – … … cognition that is often required in everyday behavior and that mediates higher cognition like planning or reasoning The functional organization of the lateral prefrontal cortex and the related cognitive architecture underlying cognitive control are still poorly understood Koechlin …

2004

2004 – The RA was formed in 2004, taking its name from The Royal and Ancient Golf Club. Based in St Andrews, The RA organises The Open Championship, . On behalf of the men and women of the GOES-R Program team, NOAA and NASA employees and their supporting …

Jan 1, 2004 – We then exemplify that a heuristic approach to PI integrates the HIB view of information as a cognitive human-initiated process by presenting a specific cognitive architecture for information initiation based on modular notion from HIB/evolutionary psychology and the vacuum mechanism …

Feb 20, 2004 – Besides teaching computer science courses in artificial intelligence cognitive architecture and computer programming Eric Chown also enjoys researching the learning in humans and machines Three years ago he was awarded a fiveyear National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career …

Mar 22, 2004 – Similarly people studying the cognitive architecture of the human brain have begun to argue for a modular architecturePinker 1997 Evidence from a variety of perspectivesdevelopmental psychology evolutionary psychology neurobiology and cognitive psychology indicate that the human brain …

Mar 22, 2004 – Cognitive load theory is based on the idea that people have a limited working memoryMiller 1956 and an enormous longterm memoryChase & Simon 1973 This cognitive architecture implies that the biggest obstacle to effective learning is working memory’s limited capacity Cognitive load …

May 1, 2004 – dozens of AI4U first editions and hoard them to dribble back onto the after market. 7 What is the Mentifex AITree or Cognitive Architecture. the hierarchy of upper mindmodules calling or invoking lower modules. it looks like a program and it displays acognitive architecture for AI …

Sep 22, 2004 – … … Reimann Boshuizen & de Jong 1998 We know from previous work that some forms of redundancy can interfere with learningsee Mayer 2001 Sweller 1999 and Sweller Van Merrienboer & Paas 1998 for reviews The reasons are embedded deeply in the humancognitive architectureSweller 2003 …

Oct 2004 – Benjamin, D. Paul, Damian Lyons and Deryle Lonsdale, “Designing a RobotCognitive Architecture with Concurrency and Active Perception”, Proceedings of the AAAI Fall Symposium on the Intersection of Cognitive Science and Robotics, Washington, DC,October, 2004.

Dec 22, 2004 – … … in intelligent architectures and the architectural features necessary to model emotion2 models of emotion elicitation via appraisal processes3 the effects of emotions and traits on distinct components of a cognitive architecture4 lessons from neuroscience and5 the requirements for …

Dec 22, 2004 – Specifically the goalactivation model is based on the activation model of memory items and is instantiated within the ACTR cognitive architectureAnderson & Lebiere 1998 ACTR has been previously applied to many realworld problems including cell phone dialing while drivingSalvucci …

2005

Apr 1, 2005 – Not for the first time I made a mental note to review my assistant’s cognitive architecture The better grade of integrators were expected to evolve and complexify themselves and I knew that I had installed a disputatious element in this one’s reflective and evaluative functions But I …

Jun 22, 2005 – In one session, James Albus, from the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), described the well-known and widely applied NIST Real-time Control System (RCS), cognitive architecture, and its applications to multi agent systems. In the other session, Shigeo Hirose from …

Sep 22, 2005 – This article describes the general requirements for virtual MOUT opponents and our development of synthetic adversaries to meet these requirements The agents use the Soar cognitive architecture for reasoning and execution and they interface to Unreal Tournament a commercial game engine …

Dec 3, 2005 – … … and wonder what the general rules of engagement are Does it really matter that we look specifically like mammals as against birds because it turns out that the sort ofcognitive architecture within the brain of a crow is astonishingly similar to the cognitive architecture of an ape …

2006

Jan 1, 2006 – Briefly, three stages of analysis pertain to any cognitive science approach to a problem: conceiving of the problem in terms of information processing, specifying the exact steps (an algorithmic sequence) that will lead from input to output, and identifying thecognitive architecture …

May 2006 – Benjamin, DP, Lonsdale, D., and Lyons, DM, Developing a Cognitive Architecture to be Embedded in the Physical World, Proceedings of BRIMS206 (Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation), Baltimore, May, 2006. Hsu, DF, Lyons , DM, and Ai …

May 2006 – “Developing a Cognitive Architecture to be Embedded in the Physical World”, with Deryle Lonsdale and Damian Lyons, Proceedings of BRIMS206 (Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation), Baltimore, May, 2006. “Semantic Encoding of Relational …

Jun 17, 2006 – Welcome to my homepages Im studying cognitive science at Helsinki university and about to work on my masters thesis on concepts andor cognitive architecture10.11 2004 Well yes cognitive architectures or how to build a robot10.112005 Actually the acquisition of syntax seems to be more …

Sep 22, 2006 – … … the supposed empirical failures can be treated as outstanding problems to be solved within a Kuhniannormal science Instead of focusing on these negative critiques of mainstream cognitive architecturewhich after all changes with every new research program Wheeler thinks enactivists …

Oct 17, 2006 – … … developers It therefore embraces the practice of cognitive radio as well as the theory In particular the publication develops a cognitive architecture that integrates disparate disciplines including autonomous machine learning computer vision and language perception technologies An …

Nov 1, 2006 – … … have as many opportunities tolearn these things as you and I Instead it seems that we also have evolved cognitive architecture that makes this particular kind of learning possible and if this architecture is damaged a wealth of experience would never fully make up for the damage …

Nov 1, 2006 – … … think about human action and criminal responsibility by vividly illustrating that free will is an illusion generated by our cognitive architecture Robert Sapolsky offers a further critique of the AngloAmerican law of criminal responsibility raising issues arising from the operation …

Dec 22, 2006 – The cognitive architecture literature has tended to focus strongly on psychological validity, matching what goes on in the human brain. Since our concern in AI is not just the replication or understanding of humans, but in fact a broader space of possible minds (thanks to Aaron Sloman, …

2007

Jan 1, 2007 – It is the purpose of this article to describe strategic schooling methods that have served as the cognitive architecture to frame equity for our consultancy. We will describe how three elementary schools met their accountability objectives and closed the achievement gap between all …

Feb 17, 2007 – … … of the 20th century when the notion of a computing machine a computation really hit the philosophy of mind So the philosophy of mind in the last 20 30 years is dominated by computational metaphors cognitive architecture modularity cognition as computation and a lot of philosophy of …

Mar 23, 2007 – The second step consists in realizing activities carried out adequately using ACTR cognitive architecture ACTR is computational framework based on psychological experiments to simulate the behavior of the human cognitive system The first selected activity was thatmake a coffee with …

Apr 5, 2007 – The reason we don’t dream about reading and writing, Revonsuo speculates in his original paper, is not because these activities don’t engage our emotions but because they’re “cultural latecomers that have [yet] to be effortlessly hammered into our evolvedcognitive architecture. …

Jun 25, 2007 – … … whose genetic histories originate in regions with sufficiently distinct environmental concerns If this is true we should be able to identify a rough set of things to include in a universal human cognitive architecture and catalog the variations relative to distinct populations …

Jul 2007 – SD Lathrop and JE Laird, “Towards Incorporating Visual Imagery into a Cognitive Architecture,” Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Cognitive Modeling,July 2007.

Jul 2007 – D. Vernon, G. Metta, and G. Sandini, “The iCub Cognitive Architecture: Interactive Development in a Humanoid Robot”, IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning, Imperial College, London, July 2007.

Aug 3, 2007 – The agency’s BiologicallyInspired Cognitive Architecture program is pushing artificial intelligence in the direction of building software that mimics human brain functions. BICA relies on recent advances in cognitive psychology and the science of the human brain’s biological structure …

Aug 12, 2007 – The order in which the agents operate and the data and resources used in the process correspond from a conceptual viewpoint to blackboard architecture 23 a wellknown type of cognitive architecture developed to facilitate datasharing in artificial intelligence …

Oct 9, 2007 – “A 1-year-old is not going to learn to read: They don’t have the cognitive architecture.” Studies have found that before age 3, babies have substantial difficulty learning from a two-dimensional image; they learn, instead, from touching or tasting or otherwise experiencing the …

Oct 17, 2007 – … … achieve mind and consciousness by identifying and implementing their underlying computational rules Haikonen proposesa special cognitive architecture to reproduce the processes of perception inner imagery inner speech pain pleasure emotions and the cognitive functions behind these …

Nov 27, 2007 – Metta’s group designed RobotCub this way so they could model its cognitive architecture on what are called mirror neurons. Discovered by Luciano Fadiga, one of the team’s neurophysiologists, mirror neurons help explain how we learn through observation: When we watch someone swing a …

Nov 27, 2007 – Metta’s group designed RobotCub this way so they could model its cognitive architecture on what are called mirror neurons. Discovered by Luciano Fadiga, one of the team’s neurophysiologists, mirror neurons help explain how we learn through observation: When we watch someone swing a …

Dec 22, 2007 – Tout ou une partie de cet article est issu de la traduction de l’article sous licence CC-BY-SA « ( en ) Soar (cognitive architecture) » dans sa version du 22 décembre 2007.

2008

Jan 22, 2008 – Dr Itiel Dror senior lecturer in cognitive neuroscience at the University of Southampton will provide a keynote address entitledDesigning elearning Dont leave your brain at home He will explain how the brain’s cognitive architecture acquires new information and the best way of …

Apr 5, 2008 – … … and history to investigate both the common and the variable features of religiositythis is the term EXREL uses and to test theories about it including the current leader in the field which is that religiosity exists because of the way that human cognitive architecture functions …

Apr 18, 2008 – … … can be translated into a digital applicationMirror neurons discovered in the early 1990s trigger memories of previous experiences when humans are trying to understand the physical actions of others A separate team at UPF Barcelona will also work oniCub’scognitive architecture …

Apr 27, 2008 – Other projects will look at iCub’scognitive architecture the dynamics needed for it to achieve full body control the development of its manipulation skills its internal simulation techniques something brains do when planning actions or trying to understand the actions of others and …

May 11, 2008 – The CoSy ACS consists of a number of technologies ranging from a design forcognitive architecture spatial cognition humanrobot interaction and situated dialogue processing to developmental models of visual processing. And the ACS architecture toolkit developed has been made available …

May 12, 2008 – The work of the SPARK project is continuing with the SPARK II project which will look more deeply into the details of insect brain neurobiology to refine assess and generalise the SPARK cognitive architecture. Further down the line the research is expected to lead to the introduction …

Jun 6, 2008 – In proceedings, International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE’08), pp.2320-2325, Hong Kong, 1–6 June 2008. 11. Feng Liu, Ah-Hwee Tan and Gee-Wah Ng. FALCON-X: An Integrated Neural Cognitive Architecture. Twelfth International …

Jul 12, 2008 – The US research is supported by NSW academic John Sweller, who argues: “There is no aspect of human cognitive architecture that suggests that inquiry-based learning should be superior to direct instruction and much to suggest that it is likely to be inferior. …

Sep 1, 2008 – … … flow abnormalities as well as the clinical and neuropsychological features detected early in the disease Neuropathological heterogeneity may promote clinical variance because of an interaction between the pattern of brain damage and thecognitive architecture of a given patient The …

Sep 7, 2008 – … … in five areas knowledge representation knowledge creation cognitive architecture environmental and social interaction and the dynamical emergence of structures Current work using OpenCogPrime to control intelligent virtual dogs in the RealXTend virtual world will be discussed …

Sep 30, 2008 – I think this will continue to be the case until the legacy human cognitive architecture itself is replaced with something cleverer such as an AI or a neuromodified human brain. At that point well have more flexible and adaptive minds making better use of all the technologies weve …

Nov 6, 2008 – Moreover, instead of the brain being a collection of separate modules, each dedicated to a specific trait or capacity, humans are likely to have a complex cognitive architecture that is highly interconnected on multiple levels. Enhanced communication would have aided humans at least as …

2009

Jan 2009 – His talk was entitled “Extending the Soar Cognitive Architecture,” and gave both an overview of the system along with a summary of its recent extensions. In January of 2009, he presented at the Decade of the Mind IV conference in Santa Ana Pueblo, New …

Jan 5, 2009 – … … and Jonathan Cohen conclude in their 2004 paperFor the law neuroscience changes nothing and everythingFree will as we ordinarily understand it is an illusion generated by our cognitive architecture Retributivist notions of criminal responsibility ultimately depend on this illusion …

Jan 5, 2009 – … … and Jonathan Cohen conclude in their 2004 paperFor the law neuroscience changes nothing and everythingFree will as we ordinarily understand it is an illusion generated by our cognitive architecture Retributivist notions of criminal responsibility ultimately depend on this illusion …

Jan 16, 2009 – Ramona Koval What parts of the brain then are responsible for this ability to write and the drive to write I suppose Im asking what’s the cognitive architecture of creativity. Alice Flaherty Writing of course is not the only type of creativity although because I think literature is the …

Jan 26, 2009 – Joscha Bach PhD who is currently working in a technology startup company inBerlin Germany was part of the projectWe had developed components for a socalledcognitive architecture called aMicroPsi This is a computer model of how humans perceive act have emotions and make plans We …

Mar 4, 2009 – Continue Reading Add comment March 4th, 2009. Why minimal guidance during instruction does not work Evidence for the superiority of guided instruction is explained in the context of our knowledge of human cognitive architecture, expert–novice differences, and cognitive load.

Jul 24, 2009 – Several studies find that even when we erase prejudice from our conscious mental processing, it lingers in the older, murkier corners of our cognitive architecture. In one experiment, researchers discovered that even subjects who demonstrated no racist attitudes still had increased …

Aug 18, 2009 – … … about physical changesOur bodies have remained relatively unchanged for 250000 years It’s the mental adaptations that concern us The shortcuts our brain contains sometimes called heuristics got handed down to us as well This cognitive architecture is also part of the human genome …

Sep 11, 2009 – In the category ofMost Informative the award went toRobotic Secrets Revealed Episode 001 by Anthony Harrison Ben Fransen Magdalena Bugajska and Greg Trafton This video highlighted recent gesture recognition work and NRL’s novel cognitive architectureACTRE While set in a popular game …

Sep 16, 2009 – 16 Sep 2009 . Developed within a coherent theoretical and philosophical framework, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a unique empirically based . Act John Anderson’s ACT-R theory of cognition is a cognitive architecture aimed at computer simulating a full range …

Oct 19, 2009 – … … theleading thinkers in the radical tech community who were invited to pontificate in the lustrous pages of H Plus magazineThe connection between certain activities and the sensation of pleasure lies entirely in our cognitive architecture which we will eventually manipulate at will …

2010

Mar 6, 2010 – … … a dialog box with many settings One advantage is that the user can change his preference by manipulating the object itself The concreteness of modifying an object has an intuitive and satisfying feeling to the users as it corresponds to the user’s innate cognitive architecture …

May 2010 – I completed my BA in philosophy at Arizona State University in May 2010. Besides obsessing over moral cognition, I like watching movies. philosophy of cognitive science, moral psychology and philosophy of science. In particular, cognitive architecture, human …

May 16, 2010 – Neeranjan and Shrestha are pursuing their masters in information systems and management at ISiM and submitted their paper titledAnalyzing Semantic Web By Principle of Rationalitysoarbased cognitive architecture at the conference The paper explored options of analyzing web and semantics …

Jul 5, 2010 – The second way to think about the questionIs technology changing our brains is to argue that experience doesnt change the basic cognitive architecture but it knocks it around a bit. This possibility seems much more plausible to me It’s basically sayingIf you do something a lot youll be …

Jul 9, 2010 – 9 Jul 2010 . Act (A Conference Toolkit) is a multilingual, template-driven, multi-conference web site that can manage the users, talks, schedule and . John Anderson’s ACT-R theory of cognition is a cognitive architecture aimed at computer simulating a full …

Jul 19, 2010 – 19 Jul 2010 . Thank you for taking the time to visit the website of American Congress for Truth, your definitive source for information, education and . John Anderson’s ACT-R theory of cognition is a cognitive architecture aimed at computer simulating a full …

Aug 5, 2010 – The CPSS will take care of change in technology, aircraft system, pilot’s role and cognitive architecture. The new system will reduce the training cost of a pilot considerably. The new system will be available for selection of pilots at Air Force Selection Boards located at Dehradun, …

Aug 11, 2010 – The work of the SPARK project is continuing with the SPARK II project which will look more deeply into the details of insect brain neurobiology to refine assess and generalise the SPARK cognitive architecture. Further down the line the research is expected to lead to the introduction …

Aug 14, 2010 – 14 Aug 2010 . The American Canadian Tour (ACT) has announced another round of invited teams who have been invited to participate in the second ACT . DogsACT, Dogs ACT, ACTCA, ACT Canine Association, conformation, show, herding, agility, breed …

Sep 18, 2010 – Joscha Bach PhD who is currently working in a technology startup company in Berlin Germany was part of the projectWe had developed components for a socalledcognitive architecture called aMicroPsi This is a computer model of how humans perceive act have emotions and make plans We …

Oct 19, 2010 – Both biological and cultural evolution attempt to explain morality in terms of adaptive design principles but another line of research illustrates how sophisticated moral principles can rest on accidents of cognitive architecture Consider the distinction between actions and omissions …

Dec 2, 2010 – … … of Psychological Review Discussion of the theory is accompanied by mathematical specifications for theCLARION cognitive architecture – a computer program developed by Sun’s research group to act like a cognitive system – as well as successful computer simulations of the theory …