Metaphor Extraction


Notes:

Metaphor extraction might be defined as hunting elusive metaphors using lexical resources. CorMet is a computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system from the University of Pennsylvania. CorMet is a corpus-based system for discovering metaphorical mappings between concepts. Metaforager is a highly scalable, minimally-supervised learning system for extracting metaphors from large plain-text corpora. Chinese noun phrase metaphor recognition is using a maximum entropy approach. Constraints are used in the automatic generation of Chinese metaphors. A database of related concepts of Chinese (Mandarin) metaphors has been built based on WordNet and SUMO. Syntactic features have been used in identification analysis of Chinese verb metaphors. The metaphor extraction process in which metaphor types in Mandarin metaphors were first manually extracted. Semi-automatic metaphor extraction and analysis may also be used. The Hamburg Metaphor Database project is an online database of French and German metaphors which came into being in 2002. Affect may be transferred by metaphor to an intelligent conversational agent, using affect extraction methods.

Textual entailment has been proposed as an evaluation framework for metaphor resolution. If research in metaphor dimensions of variation is to continue and expand, then software for metaphor identification must be developed. If a semi-automatized program is to be generated for the purpose of metaphor extraction, one first needs to establish the link between active units. Tony Berber Sardinha has been engaged in developing software for metaphor extraction for years. Both semantic role labeling and typed dependency parsing have been used for computational metaphor identification. Automatic metaphor recognition may be based on semantic relation patterns. One computational exploration of metaphor comprehension processes used a semantic space model. Semantic annotation tools may be exploited for metaphor analysis. In the field of computational linguistics, work has been done on automatically discriminating metonymy from metaphor. Metonymy differs from metaphor in that it is the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant. metaViz is an online application that uses computational metaphor identification to find conceptual metaphors in political blogs. Collocation is one method of metaphor extraction; collocation lists are best at recall, but are weaker at precision than humans. Topic models have been considered for metaphor extraction and estimating the frequency of metaphors.

See also:

Computational Metaphorics | Conceptual Metaphor Theory | CorMet (Metaphor Extraction System) | DIPRE (Dual Iterative Pattern Relation Expansion)Hamburg Metaphor Database | Metaphor Engineering | Tony Berber Sardinha


CorMet: a computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system [PDF] from upenn.edu ZJ Mason – Computational Linguistics, 2004 – dl.acm.org Abstract CorMet is a corpus-based system for discovering metaphorical mappings between  concepts. It does this by finding systematic variations in domain-specific selectional  preferences, which are inferred from large, dynamically mined Internet corpora. Metaphors … Cited by 84 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 27 versions

[BOOK] A computational, corpus-based metaphor extraction system ZJ Mason… – 2002 – dl.acm.org … A computational, corpus-based metaphor extraction system. Advisers: James Pustejovsky, Authors: Zachary John Mason, … Doctoral Dissertation, A computational, corpus-based metaphor extraction system. Brandeis University Waltham, MA, USA (c)2002 ISBN:0-493-59893-6. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – Library Search – All 2 versions

[PDF] Catching metaphors [PDF] from upenn.edu M Gedigian, J Bryant, S Narayanan… – Proceedings of the 3rd …, 2006 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … Technical report, Boulder: University of Colorado: Computer Science Department. Zachary J. Mason. 2004. Cormet: a computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction sys- tem. Comput. Linguist., 30(1):23-44. Srini Narayanan and Sanda Harabagiu. 2004. … Cited by 23 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 19 versions

Chinese noun phrase metaphor recognition with maximum entropy approach Z Wang, H Wang, H Duan, S Han… – Computational Linguistics and …, 2006 – Springer … 11. Lakoff, G. Johnson, M. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. 12. Mason, Z. CorMet: A Computational, Corpus-Based Conventional Metaphor Extraction System. Computational Linguistics. 2004.30(1): P 23-44. 13. … Cited by 10 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 10 versions

The hamburg metaphor database project: issues in resource creation [PDF] from berkeley.edu B Lönneker-Rodman – Language resources and evaluation, 2008 – Springer Page 1. The Hamburg Metaphor Database project: issues in resource creation Birte Lönneker-Rodman Published online: 1 October 2008 Ó Springer Science+Business Media BV 2008 Abstract This paper concerns metaphor resource creation. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] Metaphor engineering: a participatory approach [PDF] from psu.edu M Rauterberg… – … User Interfaces for Hypermedia, Springer-Verlag, …, 1995 – Citeseer … the domain experts prefer to change the metaphorical category (see Table 3). So, children are suitably to play the role of a ‘metaphor engineer’, of course not exactly the same role as a ‘knowledge engineer’; they function more like a ‘catalyst’ in a metaphor extraction session. … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

[PDF] A clustering approach for the nearly unsupervised recognition of nonliteral language [PDF] from upenn.edu J Birke… – Proceedings of EACL, 2006 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu Page 1. A Clustering Approach for the Nearly Unsupervised Recognition of Nonliteral Language * Julia Birke and Anoop Sarkar School of Computing Science, Simon Fraser University Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada jbirke@alumni.sfu.ca, anoop@cs.sfu.ca Abstract … Cited by 40 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 18 versions

Computational mechanisms for metaphor in languages: a survey [PDF] from ict.ac.cn CL Zhou, Y Yang… – Journal of Computer Science and …, 2007 – Springer Page 1. Mar. 2007, Vol.22, No.2, pp.308-319 J. Comput. Sci. & Technol. Computational Mechanisms for Metaphor in Languages: A Survey Chang-Le Zhou13 (§¡£) Yun Yang1 (¦ ¨), and Xiao-Xi Huang2 (¢¥¤) 1/2Institute of Artificial … Cited by 13 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 5 versions

Affect transfer by metaphor for an intelligent conversational agent [PDF] from bham.ac.uk A Wallington, R Agerri, J Barnden, M Lee… – Affective Computing and …, 2011 – Springer … 12. Martin, J. 1990. A computational model of metaphor interpretation. San Diego, CA: Academic. 13. Mason, Z. 2004. CorMet: A computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system. Computational Linguistics 30(1):23-44. 14. Narayanan, S. 1999. … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 15 versions

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Models of metaphor in NLP [PDF] from aclweb.org E Shutova – Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … Such cues would probably not be enough for metaphor extraction on their own, but could con- tribute to a more complex system. … ZJ Mason. 2004. Cormet: a computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction sys- tem. Computational Linguistics, 30(1):23-44. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 10 versions

Don’t worry about metaphor: affect extraction for conversational agents [PDF] from upenn.edu C Smith, T Rumbell, J Barnden… – Proceedings of the 45th …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … James Martin. 1990. A Computational Model of Metaphor Interpretation. Academic Press. Zachary Mason. 2004. CorMet: A computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction sys- tem. Computational Linguistics, 30(1), 23-44. Andreas Musolff. 2004. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 20 versions

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Constraints for automated generating Chinese metaphors C Su… – … and Applications, 2005. ICITA 2005. Third …, 2005 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … L(eds),Logical and computational aspects of Model_based Reasoning,Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht,2002,pp21-37 [17]Zachary J. Mason, CorMet: A computational Corpus-Based Conventional Metaphor Extraction System, Computational Linguistics, 30(1),23-44,2004.3 [18 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

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Metaforager: A Pattern-Learning System for Large-Scale Metaphor Extraction J Loomis – lingcog.iit.edu This paper explores the possibilities of Dual Iterative Pattern Relation Expansion (Brin,  1998; extended by Agichtein, 2000) in extracting metaphors from literature. Previous  metaphor extraction systems generally used supervised learning techniques (eg Pasanek, … Related articles – View as HTML

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[PDF] An approach to automatic figurative language detection: A pilot study [PDF] from montclair.edu A Feldman… – chss.montclair.edu … Martin, J. (1990). Computational Model of Metaphor Interpretation. Academic Press. Mason, ZJ (2004). Cormet: A Computa- tional, Corpus-based Conventional Metaphor Extraction System. Computational Linguis- tics 30(1), 23-44. McCarthy, D., B. Keller, and J. Carroll (2003). … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

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[PDF] Verarbeitung von Metaphern [PDF] from uni-saarland.de BP ist ein Chamäleon – 2010 – coli.uni-saarland.de … Computational Intelligence 10. • Zachary J. Mason (2004): CorMet: A Computational, Corpus-Based Conventional Metaphor Extraction System. Computational Linguistics 30 (1). • Miller, GA (1979). Images and models: Similes and metaphors. In Metaphor and Thought. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] ContentRank: ????????????? [PDF] from arocmag.com ??, ??, ??, ???, ??… – ???????, 2007 – arocmag.com … 173- 202 . [ 15] ZACHARY J M. CorMet: a computational corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system[ J] . Computational Linguistics, 2004, 30( 1) : 23-44. [ 16] GOATLY A. The language of metaphors[ M] . NewYork: Routledge, 1997. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

A game-theoretic model of metaphorical bargaining [PDF] from aclweb.org BB Klebanov… – Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of …, 2010 – dl.acm.org Page 1. Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 698-709, Uppsala, Sweden, 11-16 July 2010. cO2010 Association for Computational Linguistics A Game-Theoretic Model of Metaphorical Bargaining … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 8 versions

[PDF] ?????????????????? [PDF] from arocmag.com ??… – ???????, 2007 – arocmag.com … 173- 202 . [ 15] ZACHARY J M. CorMet: a computational corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system[ J] . Computational Linguistics, 2004, 30( 1) : 23-44. [ 16] GOATLY A. The language of metaphors[ M] . NewYork: Routledge, 1997. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

Artificial Intelligence, figurative language and cognitive linguistics [PDF] from linguita.com JA Barnden – APPLICATIONS OF COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS, 2006 – books.google.com Page 443. Artificial intelligence, figurative language and cognitive linguistics 431 Artificial intelligence, figurative language and cognitive linguistics John A. Barnden Abstract This chapter addresses not the internal nature of the … Cited by 9 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

[PDF] The semantic atlas: an interactive model of lexical representation [PDF] from lrec-conf.org S Ploux, A Boussidan… – Proceedings of the Seventh conference …, 2010 – lrec-conf.org … well as degrees of familiarity of words. Semi-automatic metaphor extraction and analysis may also be conducted with the model as shown in Oliveira & Ploux (to be published). Furthermore, various avenues of research are being … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

The tale of the weather worm [PDF] from ucalgary.ca J Szabo, J Aycock, R Acton… – Proceedings of the 2008 …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … Introduction to Information Retrieval. Cambridge University Press, 2007. [14] ZJ Mason. CorMet: A computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system. Computational Linguistics, 30(1):23-44, 2004. [15] KS McCurley. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 13 versions

[PDF] ????????? [PDF] from google.com ??, ???… – ?????????????? (2007- …, 2009 – sites.google.com … Language Processing, Philadelphia, Penn., 6-7 July, 2002: 204-213. [6] Mason, Z. A Computational, Corpus-Based Metaphor Extraction System [D]. Brandeis University, 2002. [7] Nissim M., Markert K. Learning to buy a Renault … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] “?” ????? [PDF] from nju.edu.cn ??, ???, ??… – ??????, 2008 – nlp.nju.edu.cn … [5] Martin, JH MetaBank: A Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Convention [J]. Computational Intelligence, 1994, 10(2):134-149. [6] Mason, Z. A Computational, Corpus-Based Metaphor Extraction System [D]. Brandeis University, 2002. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Análise de metáfora em corpora [PDF] from 150.162.1.115 T Berber Sardinha – Ilha do Desterro A Journal of English Language …, 2009 – 150.162.1.115 Page 1. Análise de metáfora em corpora 167 Ilha do Desterro Florianópolis nº 52 p.167-199 jan./jun. 2007 ANÁLISE DE METÁFORA EM CORPORA Tony Berber Sar ony Berber Sar ony Berber Sardinha Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo Resumo … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] ???????????????? [PDF] from lw23.com ??, ??… – ??????, 2008 – lw23.com Page 1. ?22? ?3? 2008?5? ?????? JOURNAL OF CHINESE INFORMATION PROCESSING Vo1.22,NO.3 May,2008 ????:1003-0077( 2008)03-0024 08 ???????????????? ??,??,?? … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] ?? MDL ? LSC ??????? [PDF] from 210.29.99.10 ???, ???, ??… – ?????, 2011 – 210.29.99.10 Page 1. ??MDL ?LSC ??????? ???1,???2,??1,??2 (1. ????????????,??130118;2. ????????????????,?? 130012) ??:???????????????,?????????? … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Computational approaches to figurative language [PDF] from cam.ac.uk EV Shutova – month, 2011 – www-test.cl.cam.ac.uk Page 1. Technical Report Number 803 Computer Laboratory UCAM-CL-TR-803 ISSN 1476-2986 Computational approaches to figurative language Ekaterina V. Shutova August 2011 15 JJ Thomson Avenue Cambridge CB3 0FD United Kingdom phone +44 1223 763500 … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[CITATION] Eesti fraseoloogia leksikograafiline areng A Õim… – Keel ja Kirjandus, 2011

[PDF] ???????????? [PDF] from pku.edu.cn ???, ???… – ??????, 2005 – icl.pku.edu.cn … [ 3 ] Katz , J. and Fodor , J. The structure of a semantic theory [J ] . Language , 1963 , 39(2) , pages170 -210. [ 4 ] Mason, Z. A Computational, Corpus2Based Metaphor Extraction System (D). Ph. D. Dissertation, Brandeis University , 2002. … Cited by 16 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[PDF] Armed with Patience, Suffering an Emotion: Conceptualization of LIFE and SELF [PDF] from raam.org.uk Y Aksan… – archive.raam.org.uk Page 1. ABSTRACTS: PAPER PRESENTATIONS Armed with Patience, Suffering an Emotion: Conceptualization of LIFE and SELF Yesim Aksan and Mustafa Aksan Mersin University (Turkey) Day and time: 31st May 9.40 Room: 8 … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Data and models for metonymy resolution K Markert… – Language resources and evaluation, 2009 – Springer Page 1. Data and models for metonymy resolution Katja Markert Æ Malvina Nissim Published online: 26 February 2009 Ó Springer Science+Business Media BV 2009 Abstract We describe the first shared task for figurative language … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Verarbeitung von Metaphern [PDF] from uni-saarland.de I Kruijff-Korbayová… – 2008 – coli.uni-saarland.de … James Martin, 1990: A Computational Model of Metaphor Interpretation. Academic Press. • Zachary J. Mason, 2004: CorMet: A Computational, Corpus-Based Conventional Metaphor Extraction System. Computational Linguistics 30 (1). • Miller, GA (1979). … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

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