Grammar Recognition


 


[PDF] Artificial grammar recognition using spiking neural networks [PDF] from biomedcentral.com P Cavaco, B Çürüklü… – BMC Neuroscience, 2009 – biomedcentral.com A biologically inspired neocortical model consisting of spiking neurons is designed to  perform artificial grammar processing. Building on work in [1], the model is designed to  categorize symbol strings as belonging to a Reber grammar [2]. Columnar organization of … Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

A context free grammar and its predictive parser for bangla grammar recognition KMA Hasan, A Mondal… – Computer and Information …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract Parsing is a process of transforming natural language into an internal system  representation, which can be trees, dependency graphs, frames or some other structural  representations. If a natural language be successfully parsed then grammar checking from … Cited by 1 – Related articles

Introduction to the special issue on Video-based Object and Event Analysis RUSAG Grammar – Pattern Recognition Letters, 2009 – lv-nus.org This special issue of Pattern Recognition Letters offers a venue to collect:(1) common  problems to solve, such as robust object representations, space-time models, and statistical  inference for event detection; and (2) standard datasets, benchmarks, and evaluations … View as HTML – All 5 versions

Plan recognition in exploratory domains G Ya’akov, S Reddy, S Shieber, A Rubin… – Artificial Intelligence, 2011 – Elsevier … goals. We then (Sec- tion 4) draw an analogy between this plan recognition problem and grammar recognition, showing that the problem is equivalent to context-free recogni- tion under a variant interpretation of such grammars. …

INTERSPEECH 2007 Speech-Based Annotation and Retrieval of Digital Photographs TJ Hazen, B Sherry… – 2010 – Citeseer … For speech-based retrieval we have developed a mixed grammar recognition approach which allows the speech recognition system to construct a single finite-state network combining context-free grammars, for recognizing and parsing query carrier phrases and metadata … Cached – All 3 versions

The challenge and necessity of grammar instruction in China SM Wang – Sino-US English Teaching, 2010 – airitilibrary.com … paper has attempted to elaborate on the necessity of grammar teaching from such angles as the definition and characteristics of grammar, the nature of ELT in China, the challenge of grammar instruction and a survey about correlation between grammar recognition and English … All 3 versions

System for predicting speech recognition accuracy and development for a dialog system B Starkie – US Patent 7,917,363, 2011 – Google Patents … Page 6. US Patent Mar. 29, 2011 Sheet 4 of 7 US 7,917,363 B2 grammatical inference engine 112 recognition grammars 412 in-grammar recognition accuracy estimator 114 learning curve estimator 120 estimated recognition accuracy 414 Figure 4 Page 7. US Patent Mar. … Related articles – All 5 versions

Structure for grammar and dictionary representation in voice recognition and method for simplifying link and node-generated grammars GH Abrego… – US Patent 7,921,011, 2011 – Google Patents … transcriptions. A grammar recognition network can then interconnect the words. Due to their complexity grammar recognition networks are seldom represented as look-up tables and instead are usually represented by graphs. … Related articles – All 4 versions

Structure for Grammar and Dictionary Representation in Voice Recognition and Method for Simplifying Link and Node-Generated Grammars GH Abrego… – US Patent App. 13/031,104, 2011 – Google Patents … The speech recognition engine then analyzes the speech sound segments by comparing them to a de?ned pronunciation dic- tionary, grammar recognition network and an acoustic model. … A grammar recognition network can then interconnect the words. … All 2 versions

[PDF] The minimalist grammar of action [PDF] from ilsp.gr K Pastra… – … Transactions of the Royal Society B: …, 2011 – sifnos.ilsp.gr Page 1. 1 The Minimalist Grammar of Action Katerina Pastra 1 and Yiannis Aloimonos 2 1Embodied Language Processing Group, Cognitive Systems Research Institute, Athens, Greece, kpastra@csri.gr 2Computer Vision Lab … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML

GRAMMAR WEIGHTING VOICE RECOGNITION INFORMATION KW Brown – US Patent App. 13/097,460, 2011 – Google Patents … 18, 2011 Sheet 1 of 8 US 2011/0202341 A1 100 < GRAMMAR SERVER USER (110) VOICE RECOGNITION VOICE STATISTICS RESPONSE (150) (180) l VOICE FIG. 1 ACTION (190) GRAMMAR RECOGNITION WEIGHTING SERVER SYSTEM l UPDATES (150) Page 3. … All 2 versions

DIALOGUE GENERATION APPARATUS AND DIALOGUE GENERATION METHOD Y Kobayashi – US Patent App. 20,100/049,500, 2009 – freepatentsonline.com … 5. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the speech recognition unit includes a first speech recognition unit configured to perform context-free grammar recognition of the user’s speech after the presentation of the first text, and produce a first speech recognition result … Cached

[PDF] Acoustic-similarity based technique to improve concept recognition [PDF] from uiuc.edu OD Deshmukh, S Ikbal, A Verma… – 2011 – mickey.ifp.uiuc.edu … 280 utter- ances received a ‘no-concept’ label which implies that no part of these utterances could be assigned to any of the grammars. 4.2. Evaluation metric As mentioned earlier, our goal is to improve the accuracy of in-grammar recognition. … Related articles

Recognizing Bangla Grammar using Predictive Parser [PDF] from arxiv.org KM Hasan, A Mondal, A Saha – Arxiv preprint arXiv:1201.2010, 2012 – arxiv.org … documents. But these papers[13]-[15] does not deal with the detail grammar recognition for Bangla sentences. Figure 1: Data Format of XML File <?xml … table. 3. A PARSING SCHEME FOR BANGLA GRAMMAR RECOGNITION A …

Correction of matching results for speech recognition N Washio, S Harada – US Patent 7,991,614, 2011 – Google Patents … The lin- guistic model is data relating to a recognition word. For example, the linguistic model includes grammar, recognition vocabulary information, etc. Speci?cally the decoding unit 7 performs decoding pro- cessing as follows. … Related articles – All 4 versions

Multimodal inference for driver-vehicle interaction [PDF] from cam.ac.uk TM Sezgin, I Davies… – Proceedings of the 2009 …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … using the original grammar. Recognition accuracy for speech and video based inference systems could easily be increased with further refinement, but it seems likely that multimodal fusion would always yield a better result. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Parsing with derivatives: a functional pearl [PDF] from might.net M Might, D Darais… – ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 2011 – dl.acm.org … the string, and G is the size of the grammar. Even for the ambiguous expression grammar, recognition appears to be O(nG) (while producing all parse trees is exponential). 9. Related work There has been a revival of interest … Related articles – All 2 versions

Artificial grammar recognition using two spiking neural networks P Cavaco, B Curuklu… – 2009 – en.scientificcommons.org Abstract In this paper we explore the feasibility of artificial (formal) grammar recognition  (AGR) using spiking neural networks. A biologically inspired minicolumn architecture is  designed as the basic computational unit. A network topography is defined based on the … Related articles – Cached – All 3 versions

Grammar and template-based speech recognition of spoken utterances R Gruhn… – EP Patent 2,196,989, 2010 – freepatentsonline.com … Recognition based on the predetermined grammatical structure, necessarily, implies that a user is expected to obey a grammatical structure of the predetermined grammar when performing verbal/spoken utterances that are to be recognized. … Cached

System and method for optimizing speech recognition in a vehicle BS Coon… – EP Patent 2,028,062, 2009 – freepatentsonline.com … It should be appreciated that routine 200 optimizes the spoken grammar recognition by processing the identity and location of passengers in the vehicle and optimizes the grammar recognition based on which devices are currently available to that user. … Cached

OPEN ARCHITECTURE FOR A VOICE USER INTERFACE M Tessel, D Lange, E Ponomarenko… – US Patent …, 2011 – freepatentsonline.com … For example, the user might say, “Please get my stock portfolio.” The grammar recognition for that sentence might be “grammar <command get><type stock>.” The key word, or command, is sent to the VDE 202, along with attributes such as an indication of which grammar was … Cached

The Significance of English Grammar to Middle School Students in China [PDF] from academypublisher.com S Wang – Journal of Language Teaching and …, 2010 – ojs.academypublisher.com … The purpose of Survey 1 is to investigate the attitudes and perceptions of students learning English in Chinese context foreign language learning. The purpose of Survey 2 is to show and college entrance exams and CET require grammar recognition. … Related articles – All 7 versions

MULTIPLE LANGUAGE VOICE RECOGNITION R Chen, G Hernandez-Abrego, M Omote… – US Patent App. 12/ …, 2010 – Google Patents … The speech recognition engine then analyzes the phonemes by comparing them to a defined pronunciation dictionary, grammar recognition network and an acoustic model. … A grammar recognition network can then interconnect the words. …

Methods and System for Grammar Fitness Evaluation as Speech Recognition Error Predictor GA Hernandez-Abrego – US Patent 20,110,282,667, 2011 – freepatentsonline.com … that are speech. The speech recognition engine then analyzes the speech sound segments by comparing them to a defined pronunciation dictionary, grammar recognition network and an acoustic model. Sub-lexical speech … Cached

Optical character recognition using digital information from encoded text embedded in the document DC DeYoung… – US Patent 7,505,180, 2009 – Google Patents … Alternatively, the the digital text file; (B) the digital text file is encoded using the OCR software may use grammar recognition, spell-check, or encoding algorithm to produce the encoded text; and (C) the wavelet conversion, to recognize various characters. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Methods and systems for grammar fitness evaluation as speech recognition error predictor GA Hernandez-abrego – EP Patent 2,387,031, 2011 – freepatentsonline.com … that are speech. The speech recognition engine then analyzes the speech sound segments by comparing them to a defined pronunciation dictionary, grammar recognition network and an acoustic model. Sub-lexical speech … Cached

Expanding the tomato controversy: an exploratory study of the perception of standard British and American English in Portugal RQ de Barros – English Today, 2009 – Cambridge Univ Press … It is also important to stress that students and pro- fessionals differed significantly in their results as to grammatical particularities: the grammar recognition index was 79% among students against only 18% among professionals. … Related articles – All 5 versions

MULTIPLE LANGUAGE VOICE RECOGNITION R Chen, G Hernandez-abrego… – US Patent App. …, 2010 – freepatentsonline.com … The speech recognition engine then analyzes the phonemes by comparing them to a defined pronunciation dictionary, grammar recognition network and an acoustic model. … A grammar recognition network can then interconnect the words. … Cached

Web enabled recognition architecture K Wang… – US Patent 7,506,022, 2009 – Google Patents Page 1. Illllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll US007506022B2 (12) United States Patent Wang et al. (io) Patent No.: (45) Date of Patent: US 7,506,022 B2 *Mar. 17, 2009 (54) WEB ENABLED RECOGNITION ARCHITECTURE (75) Inventors … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Design and implementation of an intelligent tutoring system for English instruction Z Wang, X Gu, J He, S Zheng… – Intelligent Computing and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … III. KEY TECHNIQUES IN IMPLEMENT A TION A. Design of speech recognition and synthesis module This system uses Microsoft Speech SDK 5.1 to implement speech interaction. The interactive language can be Chinese or English. A grammar recognition rule Page 2. … Related articles

Multi-slot dialog system and method P Nguyen, J Lopez-amaro, AV Desai… – EP Patent …, 2011 – freepatentsonline.com … 3. The system of claim 1, wherein each slot object contains grammar to facilitate recognizing a possible value provided by the user for the corresponding slot, rules that facilitate mapping of grammar recognition results to semantic values for the corresponding slot, and variables … Cached

Markup language extensions for web enabled recognition K Wang… – US Patent 7,610,547, 2009 – Google Patents Page 1. Illllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll US007610547B2 United States Patent Wang et al. (io) Patent No.: (45) Date of Patent: US 7,610,547 B2 Oct. 27, 2009 (56) MARKUP LANGUAGE EXTENSIONS FOR WEB ENABLED RECOGNITION … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Research on the Technology of Video Semantic Retrieval Based on Structured Semantic Strings J Yuan, Q Zheng, Z Sun… – Foundations of Intelligent Systems, 2012 – Springer … It uses XML-based texts to exhibit processing results and offers an effective bottom-up Chinese processing module, in- cluding some core technology as lexical analyzing and grammar recognition [9]. With the help of LTP’s DLL application program interface and dependency …

Systems and methods for voice control of a medical imaging device LM Yudkovitch, F Farrokhnia, R Chiao – US Patent 7,672,849, 2010 – Google Patents … 18 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets 200 210^ VERBAL INPUT SIGNAL PROCESSING 22(P 250^ COMMAND GRAMMAR RECOGNITION ENGINE 23(P 240 CONTROLLER/ CONTROL PROCESSOR r-270 OTHER INPUT SIGNALS KEYSTROKE INPUT 26(P Page 2. Page 3. … Related articles – All 3 versions

Speech recognition apparatus for determining final word from recognition candidate word sequence corresponding to voice data N Washio – US Patent 7,805,304, 2010 – Google Patents Page 1. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII US007805304B2 (12) United States Patent ao) Patent no.: us 7,805,304 B2 Washio (45) Date of Patent: Sep. 28,2010 (54) SPEECH RECOGNITION APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING FINAL … Related articles – All 4 versions

EasyPDP: An Efficient Parallel Dynamic Programming Runtime System for Computational Biology [PDF] from tju.edu.cn S Tang, C Yu, J Sun, B Lee… – … IEEE Transactions on, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … biology. Typical appli- cations include RNA and protein structure prediction[1], genome sequence alignment[43], context-free grammar recognition[7], string editing, optimal static search tree construction[8], and so on. Indeed … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Speech interactive computer-assisted language learning: a cross-cultural evaluation H Morton… – Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2010 – Taylor & Francis … to make a match. Grammatical errors accounted for in the grammar recognition files for the French lesson included verb inflection errors, article errors, pronoun errors and noun-adjective disagreement. For example, ‘Jean et … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Multi-slot dialog systems and methods PTM Nguyen, J Lopez-Amaro, AV Desai… – US Patent …, 2010 – Google Patents Page 1. mi iiiiiii ill mi mi ill ill iiiiii ipi mil mil mi mi mi (12) United States Patent Nguyen et al. (io) Patent No.: (45) Date of Patent: US 7,747,438 B2 *Jun. 29, 2010 (54) MULTI-SLOT DIALOG SYSTEMS AND 6,173,266 Bl* 1/2001 … Related articles – All 5 versions

System and method of controlling personalized settings in a vehicle BS Coon – EP Patent 2,028,061, 2009 – freepatentsonline.com … It should be appreciated that routine 200 optimizes the spoken grammar recognition by processing the identity and location of passengers in the vehicle and optimizes the grammar recognition based on which devices are currently available to that user. … Cached

SPEECH PROCESSING WITH SOURCE LOCATION ESTIMATION USING SIGNALS FROM TWO OR MORE MICROPHONES R Chen – US Patent App. 12/698,920, 2010 – Google Patents … The speech recognition engine then analyzes the phonemes by comparing them to a defined pronunciation dictionary, grammar recognition network and an acoustic model. … A grammar recognition network can then interconnect the words. …

The relationship between explicit and implicit learning processes and probable pathological gambling N Turner, KD Horton… – International Gambling Studies, 2009 – Taylor & Francis … Hypothesis 4, Probable pathological gamblers will differ from non-problem gamblers in terms of how often they repeat the same errors during the artificial grammar recognition task. According … task. Artificial grammar recognition task. … Related articles – All 2 versions

Markup language-based selection and utilization of recognizers for utterance processing AK Krumel, PAF Masse… – US Patent App. 12/357,773, 2009 – Google Patents … In particular, the utterance 42 may be streamed to the event handler application 38 for grammar recognition as the user is speaking into the client computing device 2. For example, a user of the client computing device 2 may utilize one or more of the speech recognition service … All 2 versions

SPEECH PROCESSING WITH SOURCE LOCATION ESTIMATION USING SIGNALS FROM TWO OR MORE MICROPHONES R Chen – US Patent App. 20,100/211,387, 2010 – freepatentsonline.com … The speech recognition engine then analyzes the phonemes by comparing them to a defined pronunciation dictionary, grammar recognition network and an acoustic model. … A grammar recognition network can then interconnect the words. … Cached

LAG 2.0: Refining a reusable Adaptation Language and Improving on its Authoring [PDF] from warwick.ac.uk A Cristea, D Smits, J Bevan… – Learning in the Synergy of …, 2009 – Springer … Include basic templates for new adaptive hypermedia strategies when they are created. Recognition of complex LAG Grammar (eg nested statements, complex statements and user defined ‘procedures’). … Page 12. 18 AI Cristea et al. recognition. … Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 11 versions

DIALOGUE GENERATION APPARATUS AND DIALOGUE GENERATION METHOD Y KOBAYASHI… – US Patent App. 12/544,430, 2009 – Google Patents … Text transmission/reception unit 104- Morphological analysis unit 305- Standby-word setting unit Microphone “T- 107 306′ Standby-word storage unit 311 312 G.8 Return-text generation unit r 309 r-3io Dictation recognition unit Context free grammar recognition unit Standby …

Authoring speech grammars WD Ramsey – US Patent 7,617,093, 2009 – Google Patents … GRAMMARS 308 J4. ADDSYNONYM 312 330 334 SEMANTIC VARIABLES 336 PROCESSSENTENCE GRAMMAR CLASSES SENTENCES OUTPUT 324 FIG. 3 360 H SPEECH 304 GRAMMAR RECOGNITION ENGINE 362 I TEXT & SEMANTIC CLASSES Page 6. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Wavelet-Neural Networks Based Phonetic Recognition System of Arabic Alphabet letters [PDF] from advancedsourcecode.com MA Ahmad… – IJCSNS, 2010 – advancedsourcecode.com … information, customer service call routing, and directory assistance. Using constrained grammar recognition, such applications can achieve remarkably high accuracy. Research and development in speech recognition technology … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Personalized Computer Architecture as Contextual Partitioning for Speech Recognition [PDF] from vt.edu CG Kent – 2009 – scholar.lib.vt.edu Page 1. Personalized Computer Architecture as Contextual Partitioning for Speech Recognition Christopher Grant Kent Thesis submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of … Related articles – Library Search

[HTML] Teaching Reading Comprehension in English in a Distance Web-Based Course: New Roles for Teach ers [HTML] from uaemex.mx JHM Marín… – Profile Issues in Teachers´ …, 2010 – redalyc.uaemex.mx … Based Course: processes, which are associated to vocabulary and. environments because they are richer and more. grammar recognition when reading; and higher. complex than the traditional printed material. level processes … Related articles – Cached – All 7 versions

Aging, Pedagogical Conditions, and Differential Success in SLA: An Empirical Study AE LENET, C SANZ, B LADO… – Implicit and Explicit …, 2011 – books.google.com … or college Spanish instruction. Reading comprehension, recall, and vocabulary and grammar recognition were re- lated to the level of initial instruction and the grades received in the Spanish course. Bahrick concluded there … Related articles

IVR TO SMS TEXT MESSENGER JP Romeo – US Patent App. 12/420,989, 2009 – Google Patents … Typical telephone applications include travel booking and information, financial account information, cus- tomer service call routing, and directory assistance. [0022] Using constrained grammar recognition, suchappli- cations can achieve remarkably high accuracy. … All 2 versions

Unspoken knowledge: Implicit learning of structured human dance movement. [PDF] from univ-lyon1.fr T Opacic, C Stevens… – Journal of Experimental …, 2009 – psycnet.apa.org Page 1. Unspoken Knowledge: Implicit Learning of Structured Human Dance Movement Tajana Opacic and Catherine Stevens University of Western Sydney Barbara Tillmann Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Centre National … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 9 versions

[PDF] Gaze-Based Paint Program with Voice Recognition [PDF] from tcd.ie J van der Kamp, B Maynooth – 2010 – scss.tcd.ie Page 1. Gaze-Based Paint Program with Voice Recognition by Jan van der Kamp, BA NUI Maynooth Dissertation Presented to the University of Dublin, Trinity College in fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Computer Science … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

The Parallel Determination and Process Analysis of NFA S Yuqiang, G Yuwan, W Mingfei… – … and Computer Science …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 15(1987)63-78. [5]PJWyard and C.Ninghtingale. A single layer higher order neural net and its application to context-free grammar recognition, in: N.Sharkey.ed. [6]Chen Guo-Liang. Parallel compute structure algorithm and program. Beijing:Higher education publisher,1999. … Related articles – All 3 versions

Speech processing for telephony API MM Quinton – US Patent 7,533,021, 2009 – Google Patents … TOKENQ ENUMERATION ENGINE NEXT() 908 ^910 SPEECH RECOGNITION ENUMERATE RECOGNITION ENGINEQ SELECT ENGINE() GET SELECTED ENGINEQ CONVERT EXTENDED MARKUP LANGUAGE TO GRAMMAR() RECOGNITION CONTEXT INITIALIZE … Related articles – All 3 versions

Optimizing visually-assisted listening comprehension AS Kashani, S Sajjadi, MR Sohrabi… – Language Learning …, 2011 – Taylor & Francis … University Press. View all references), was administered to identify a homogeneous group of students with similar levels of English proficiency. It measured receptive skills of listening, reading and grammar recognition. The reason … Related articles – All 3 versions

Automatically Tuned Dynamic Programming with an Algorithm-by-Blocks [PDF] from ncic.ac.cn J Li, G Tan… – Parallel and Distributed Systems ( …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Inspired by their work, we try to find out an appropriate way to bring NPDP into the auto-tuning framework. Our focused DP algorithm (NPDP), is extensively used in context- free grammar recognition [14], optimal matrix chain [15], predicting RNA secondary structures etc. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Information storage method of the public-style website [J] SUN Peng – Journal of Shandong Jianzhu University, 2009 – en.cnki.com.cn … China (257062). Wang Xinmin Tong Zhaoqi;GRAMMAR RECOGNITION AND STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF CHINESE DATABASE QUERY LANGUAGE[J]; JOURNAL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM,CHINA;1997-02. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Cached

[PDF] Evaluation of two mobile nutrition tracking applications for chronically ill populations with low literacy skills [PDF] from psu.edu KA Siek, KH Connelly, B Chaudry… – Mobile Health Solutions …, 2009 – Citeseer Page 1. Chapter I Evaluation of Two Mobile Nutrition Tracking Applications for Chronically Ill Populations with Low Literacy Skills Katie A. Siek University of Colorado at Boulder, USA Kay H. Connelly Indiana University, USA Beenish Chaudry Indiana University, USA … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 18 versions

[HTML] Exploring Teachers’ Practices for Assessing Reading Comprehension Abilities in English as a Foreign Language [HTML] from uaemex.mx JHM Marín – Profile Issues in TeachersProfessional …, 2009 – redalyc.uaemex.mx … ESL students and finds that the. readers: lower- level processes, which are related. successful readers engaged in predicting and. to vocabulary and grammar recognition when. guessing activities, made use of their background. … Related articles – Cached – All 8 versions

Cerno: Light-weight tool support for semantic annotation of textual documents N Kiyavitskaya, N Zeni, JR Cordy, L Mich… – Data & Knowledge …, 2009 – Elsevier … as nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc. and therefore needs a dictionary of valid word forms and a disambiguation step. An example of the output obtained using the document grammar recognition of the first stage is shown in Fig. 3. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Modeling the Traffic Moving Objects Using a Primitive-Based Semantic Description H Sheng, Y OuYang… – Information and Multimedia …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … interpreter. A. The Semantic Keywords of Traffic Moving Object The semantics keywords of traffic moving object are the reserved words which have specific meaning, and are the foundation of grammar recognition[14]. In MSTIVP … Related articles – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Teaching grammar in second language classrooms: Integrating form-focused instruction in communicative context [HTML] from tesl-ej.org H Nassaji… – 2010 – books.google.com Page 1. Teaching Grammar in Second Language Classrooms Integrating Form-Focused Instruction in Communicative Context Hossein Nassaji and Sandra Fotos Page 2. Teaching Grammar in Second Language Classrooms … Cited by 4 – Related articles – Library Search – All 3 versions

[PDF] Document recognition: welcome into the fourth dimension [PDF] from irisa.fr B COUASNON… – 2009 – irisa.fr … The use of dynamic programming allows finding the optimal parse tree for the page. As stochastic grammar recognition models are based on symbolic feature learning, they seem more intelligent systems than those based only on numerical features learning. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

The adaptive presentation assistant using grammar-based recognition to support the process of presenting [PDF] from utwente.nl L Satink – 2009 – essay.utwente.nl Page 1. Master of Science thesis The adaptive presentation assistant Using grammar-based recognition to support the process of presenting Laurens Satink August 21th, 2009 Graduation committee Dr. RJF Ordelman (first supervisor) Dr. AJ van Hessen Prof. Dr. Ir. A. Nijholt … Related articles – All 2 versions

System and method for securing computer system against unauthorized access OA Edeki, OA Edeki… – US Patent 7,647,645, 2010 – Google Patents Page 1. Illllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll US007647645B2 (12) United States Patent Edeki et al. (io) Patent No.: (45) Date of Patent: US 7,647,645 B2 Jan. 12, 2010 (54) SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SECURING COMPUTER SYSTEM … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Method and apparatus for federated understanding K Wang – US Patent 7,502,730, 2009 – Google Patents … USER INPUT INTERFACE 202 210 USER INPUT INTERFACE 204 208 212 RECOGNITION ENGINE LINGUISTIC GRAMMAR RECOGNITION ENGINE LINGUISTIC GRAMMAR USER OUTPUT INTERFACE 228 ¦206 200 S. 216 240 DISCOURSE GRAMMAR CONTEXT … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Automatic assessment of oral language proficiency and listening comprehension F De Wet, C Van der Walt… – Speech Communication, 2009 – Elsevier Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 3 versions

A context-free markup language for semi-structured text [PDF] from princeton.edu Q Xi… – ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 2010 – dl.acm.org Page 1. A Context-free Markup Language for Semi-structured Text Qian Xi Princeton University qxi@CS.Princeton.EDU David Walker Princeton University dpw@CS. Princeton.EDU Abstract An ad hoc data format is any nonstandard … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 11 versions

Software: Infrastructure, Standards, Technologies N Rajput… – Speech in Mobile and Pervasive …, 2012 – Wiley Online Library Page 1. 6 Software: Infrastructure, standards, technologies Nitendra Rajput and Amit A. Nanavati IBM Research, India 6.1 Introduction Interoperatibility plays an important role in software, and no less so in the case of mobile speech. …

A New Cross-Language Commodity Information Retrieval Approach in Book Searching L Zhang, Z Zhang… – Information Science and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … book content. The translation work doesn’t call for a high demand in grammar recognition, and empty words like adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, particle, interjection, and onomatopoeia are unlikely to be ambiguous. So … Related articles – All 2 versions

IVR to SMS text messenger JP Romeo – US Patent 7,526,073, 2009 – Google Patents … Typical telephone applications include travel booking and information, financial account information, cus- tomer service call routing, and directory assistance. Using constrained grammar recognition, such applications can achieve remarkably high accuracy. … Related articles – All 4 versions

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SECURING COMPUTER SYSTEM AGAINST UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS OA Edeki, OA Edeki… – US Patent App. 20,100/ …, 2010 – freepatentsonline.com … words. Morphemes are words that can be combined with additional strings to form new words: un+guard+ed+ly, over+critic+al, die+ing. Finite state machines are also used for other lexical and grammar recognition tasks. In … Cached

Application abstraction with dialog purpose FM Galanes, HW Hon, JD Jacoby… – US Patent …, 2010 – Google Patents Page 1. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII US007711570B2 (12) United States Patent ao) Patent no.: us 7,711,570 B2 Galanes et al. (45) Date of Patent: May 4,2010 (54) APPLICATION ABSTRACTION WITH DIALOG PURPOSE (75 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SECURING COMPUTER SYSTEM AGAINST UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS OA Edeki, OA Edeki… – US Patent App. 12/650,967, 2009 – Google Patents Page 1. (i9) United States (12) Patent Application Publication Edeki et al. US 20100229230A1 (io) Pub. No.: US 2010/0229230 Al (43) Pub. Date: Sep. 9, 2010 (54) SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SECURING COMPUTER SYSTEM …

[PDF] Feasibility Study for Integration ASR Services for Czech with IBM VoiceServer [PDF] from rdc.cz BJ Dolezal… – 2009 – rdc.cz Page 1. Feasibility Study for Integration ASR Services for Czech with IBM VoiceServer Jakub Dolezal dolezj8@fel.cvut.cz R&D Centre for Mobile Applications Faculty of Electrical Engineering Czech Technical University in Prague August 27, 2009 Page 2. Abstract … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] The effect of in-service English education on medical professionals’ language proficiency [PDF] from mui.ac.ir S Sajjadi, M Ahmadi, M Heidarpour… – Journal of Research …, 2012 – journals.mui.ac.ir … score gains of the subjects under instruction. They measured receptive skills of listening, reading, and grammar recognition. Also, they included composition topics to assess participants’ writing skills. All parts of the tests were … View as HTML

Automatic oral proficiency assessment of second language speakers of South African English [PDF] from sun.ac.za PFV Muller – 2010 – ir1.sun.ac.za Page 1. Automatic Oral Proficiency Assessment of Second Language Speakers of South African English by Pieter F de V Müller Thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Engineering at Stellenbosch University Supervisors: … Related articles – All 4 versions

Discriminative training of multi-state barge-in models for speech processing A Ljolje – US Patent 8,000,971, 2011 – Google Patents Page 1. US008000971B2 (12) Ulllt?ld States Patent (10) Patent No.: US 8,000,971 B2 Ljolje (45) Date of Patent: Aug. 16, 2011 (54) DISCRIMINATIVE TRAINING OF (56) References Cited MULTI-STATE BARGE-IN MODELS … Related articles – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Development through life: A psychosocial approach [PDF] from cengagebrain.co.uk BM Newman… – 2011 – books.google.com … 153 Understanding the Nature of Objects and Creating Categories 155 The Prefrontal Cortex and Infant Intelligence 157 Communication 158 Language Perception 158 Babbling 158 Communication with Gestures 158 Baby Signs 159 Early Grammar Recognition 160 First … Cited by 573 – Related articles – Library Search – BL Direct – All 15 versions

????????????????·??????????????? [TXT] from tsukuba.ac.jp ????? – 2009 – tulips.tsukuba.ac.jp … B) ????: 2005~2008 ????: 17320077 ?????(??) ??????????? ?????·??????????????? ?????(??) Differences between Auditory and Visual Testing of Kanji, Vocabulary and Grammar Recognition ????? ?? ??? … All 3 versions

Second language retention: Language use as a contributing factor. [PDF] from uottawa.ca DA Ducharme – 2009 – ruor.uottawa.ca Page 1. 1*1 National Library of Canada Acquisitions and Bibliographic Services Branch 395 Wellington Sueet Ottawa. Ontario K1A0W NOTICE Bibliothèque nationale du Canada Direction des acquisitions et des services bibliographiques 395. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search – All 7 versions

After the fiesta is over: foreign language attrition of Spanish in Dutch and German Erasmus Students [PDF] from tesisenred.net TH Mehotcheva – 2010 – tesisenred.net Page 1. After the Fiesta is over: Foreign Language Attrition of Spanish in Dutch and German Erasmus students Teodora Hristova Mehotcheva TESI DOCTORAL UPF / 2010 DIRECTOR DE LA TESI Dra. Carmen Pérez-Vidal (Departament de Traducció i Ciències de Llenguatge) … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Library Search – All 4 versions

Generating rules with predicates, terms and variables from the pruned neural networks [PDF] from qut.edu.au R Nayak – Neural Networks, 2009 – Elsevier Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] Reducing the worst case running times of a family of RNA and CFG problems, using Valiant’s approach [PDF] from biomedcentral.com S Zakov, D Tsur… – Proceedings of the 10th …, 2010 – biomedcentral.com … genome-wide data. Results: We study Valiant’s classical algorithm for Context Free Grammar recognition in sub-cubic time, and extract features that are common to problems on which Valiant’s approach can be applied. Based on … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 13 versions

[PDF] After the fiesta is over [PDF] from rug.nl TH Mehotcheva – 2010 – dissertations.ub.rug.nl … The tests used to elicit language proficiency data consisted of reading comprehension; Spanish-English and English-Spanish recall vocabulary; Spanish-English and English- Spanish recognition vocabulary; grammar recognition; idiom recall and recognition, and word order. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

” Whether writers themselves have been changed”: A test of the values driving writing center work [PDF] from umass.edu M Deal – 2011 – scholarworks.umass.edu … in students’ writing abilities have been correlated with higher grade point averages (Sutton and Arnold), better freshman composition course grades and improved grades on proficiency exams (Sandlon, Naugie), increased error or grammar recognition (Wills), writing center …