AIML & Ontologies


Ontology (information science) 

See also:

Databases & OntologiesDialog Systems & OntologiesJena Ontology APINatural Language & OntologiesOntoGrateOntological Engineering | Ontology Alignment & Dialog SystemsOntology Design Patterns (ODP)Ontology ParsersOntology-based QA SystemsProtégé Ontology Editor & Dialog SystemsSUMO (Suggested Upper Merged Ontology) & Dialog Systems 

AIML & Grammars | AIML & LISP | AIML & OpenCyc | AIML & Prolog | AIML & RDF | AIML & SRAI (Symbolic Reduction) | AIML & WordNet | AIML 2000 | AIML 2001 | AIML 2002 | AIML 2003 | AIML 2004 | AIML 2005 | AIML 2006 | AIML 2007 | AIML 2008 | AIML 2009 | AIML 2010 | AIML 2011 | AIML Categories | AIML GoogleCode | AIML Graphmaster | AIML Pattern Tag | AIML Random Tag | AIML Resources | AIML Templates | Best AIML Videos | github AIML | SourceForge AIML 


WXGURU: AN ONTOLOGY DRIVEN CHATBOT PROTOTYPE FOR ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE OUTREACH AND EDUCATION R RAMACHANDRAN – 2007 – gsa.confex.com … One such chatbot is ALICE (Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity) which uses Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) to encode conversations. … is unique because its conversational patterns have been coupled with a reasoner loaded with Atmospheric Ontology. … Cached

Semantic Adaptive Training J Flynn – Adaptive Technologies for Training and Education, 2012 – books.google.com … The Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML), described later, offers one reasonable approach for handling nonpersonal … sion we consider the use of a formal semantic ontology for describing … Semantic Web Technology-Ontologies Tim Berners-Lee, creator of the World … Related articles

CHARLIE: An AIML-based chatterbot which works as an interface among INES and humans [PDF] from uvigo.es FA Mikic, JC Burguillo, M Llamas… – EAEEIE Annual …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … engine based on JESS (a rule engine for the Java platform) and ontologies (to modelate … developed and used in the platform, which is an AIML-based (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) bot. … up INES can be grouped in several blocks (see Figure 3): • Ontology: There is an … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[CITATION] A Semantic Reasoning Interface Based on Natural Language [J] SHI Hong-tao – Computer Knowledge and Technology, 2009 – en.cnki.com.cn … accuracy. ?Key Words?: artificial linguistic internet computer entity artificial intelligence markup language semantic web ontology Jena technology ?CateGory Index?: TP18;TP311.11 ?DOI?: CNKI:SUN:DNZS.0.2009-18-198. … Cached

A Dialogue System for Conversational NPCs T Klüwer, P Adolphs, F Xu… – Proceedings of the Paralinguistic …, 2011 – Springer … The database is encoded in RDF. The domain knowledge bases are handwritten OWL ontologies. … The ontology provides a sophisticated model of Color and Style. … 363 [7] Wallace, R., Bush, N.: Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) Version 1.0.1 (2001) (2001). … Related articles – All 2 versions

A Modular Framework for Versatile Conversational Agent Building A Augello, M Scriminaci, S Gaglio… – … Intelligent and Software …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … con- versations described in files written in a language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language)[2]. However … science the theme of semantic networks gave rise to the theory of ontologies. … and most complete common sense knowledge base is the Cyc ontology [10]. … Related articles – All 3 versions

A multimodal guide for the augmented campus [PDF] from freakycowbot.com S Sorce, A Augello, A Santangelo, G Pilato… – Proceedings of the 35th …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … Users interact with the Rational Area by means of the Interactive Area. The Rational Area is made of a Cyc ontology and a set of categories described with Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language (AIML), both concerning the specific domain. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Intelligent Agents supporting user interactions within self regulated learning processes [PDF] from unitn.it CA Bentivoglio, D Bonura… – Journal of e- …, 2010 – je-lks.maieutiche.economia.unitn.it … learning; in this layer • the agents can use KB and ontologies in order … We have already implemented different agents behaviors based on AIML2 standards (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) with a … that codifies its symbolic memory about the domain as an OWL ontology. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Teacher agents: the current state, future trends, and many roles of intelligent agents in education K Reed… – Online Communities and Social Computing, 2011 – Springer … level difficulty and semantically annotated with the ITS’s ‘priming’ ontology – a basic … this type of unstructured communication might be useful in creating more complex ontologies. … AIML – The Artificial Intelligence Markup Language, http://Alicebot.org , http://www.alicebot.org/aiml … Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] A Modular System Oriented to the Design of Versatile Knowledge Bases for Chatbots [PDF] from isrn.com G Pilato, A Augello… – ISRN Artificial Intelligence, 2012 – downloads.isrn.com … a set of elements named “categories” defined through the AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) language … ad hoc tags capable to query external knowledge repositories, like ontologies or semantic … concepts related to a given topic of conversation in an ontology in order … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

A conversational agent to support decisions in SimCity like games A Augello, G Pilato… – Semantic Computing, 2009. …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … This choice is due to the fact that ontologies are not adequately efficient in … allows the agent to reason about the knowledge formalized in the ontology giving support … of rules, described using a mark-up language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language).The rules … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

A virtual shopper customer assistant in pervasive environments [PDF] from uni-ulm.de A Santangelo, A Augello, S Sorce, G Pilato… – On the Move to …, 2007 – Springer … 2.1 Reasoning Module The Reasoning Module is composed of a chat-bot with its related knowledge base and a commonsense ontology. … The categories are structured with an XML-like language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) [10]. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Sub-symbolic knowledge representation for evocative chat-bots G Pilato, A Augello, G Vassallo… – Interdisciplinary Aspects of …, 2008 – Springer … lexical dictionary [5], which is one of the most widely used “standard” ontologies. … of structured knowledge bases the chat-bot can use: the ontology given by … question-answer modules, called categories and structured with AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) an XML … Related articles – All 5 versions

Embodied conversational agent based on semantic web M Kimura… – Agent Computing and Multi-Agent Systems, 2006 – Springer … ALICE (Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity)9 is a chat bot using AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) [10], which is an XML based … 2. In this example, we use the FOAF 11 ontology and the Dublin Core (DC) 12 ontology to describe laboratory information. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Talking NPCs in a virtual game world [PDF] from aclweb.org T Klüwer, P Adolphs, F Xu, H Uszkoreit… – Proceedings of the ACL …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … This is achieved by querying the ontology about what kind of relations the identified object can satisfy. … We develop a new strategy to inte- grate task models and domain ontologies into dia- log models. … 2001. Artificial intelligence markup language (aiml) version 1.0.1 (2001). … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 9 versions

[PDF] Knowledge Fusion for Financial Advisory Applications [PDF] from psu.edu TP Dobrowiecki, G Strausz… – 2007 – Citeseer … From the IKF point of view the most interesting developments are: XML-Based Ontology Exchange Language [29], Financial Products Mark-up Language [27], Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language [32], DARPA Agent Mark-up Language [24, 28], Extensible Financial … Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

Student model representation for pedagogical virtual mentors [PDF] from snowqueen.edu.pl A Landowska – … (ICIT), 2010 2nd International Conference on, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … and numbers, vectors and grids, Bayesian networks, and/or trees, graphs, ontologies, logic, state … GERDA includes personal knowledge model, which is represented as an overlay on domain ontology. … [4] Wallace Richard, Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) Reference … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] A crisis communication network based on embodied conversational agents system with mobile services [PDF] from psu.edu OS Goh, C Ardil, CC Fung, KW Wong… – International Journal of …, 2006 – Citeseer … Client Layer ontology … This trained Knowledge Base is also called Annotated ALICE Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AAA) [8, 15] where the conversation logs reside. … This is because natural language processing systems can exploit domain knowledge and ontologies. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Dialog structure automatic modeling [PDF] from aigroup.com.ar D Hisgen… – Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 2010 – Springer … As part of his project, he also designed the Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language (AIML … Other SFw is ContentWeb, an ontology platform integrated with WebODE which allows users … S and XML), Onto- Consult (natural language interface based on ontologies) and OntoAdvice … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

An Intelligent Agent to Support City Policies Decisions NNWB Apolloni – Neural Nets Wirn09: Proceedings of the …, 2009 – books.google.com … the ontology features and also the representation of uncertainty, which cannot be modeled using the rules defined in the ontology. … with people by using rules described into its own knowledge base through its embedded AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) language …

Interaction analysis of the alice chatterbot: A two-study investigation of dialog and domain questioning [PDF] from icadl.org RP Schumaker… – … , Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … the sentence such as NP-VP-NP patterning, or semantic where ontologies and similar … on specially tailored knowledge bases [8]. These knowledge bases can be ontology based as … 1) ALICE: ALICE uses XML-based Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) files to hold its … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 10 versions

Modeling spatial-temporal context information in virtual worlds Á Arroyo, F Serradilla… – Trends in Applied Intelligent Systems, 2010 – Springer … Protégé (open and extensible software based on Java) allows us to edit these ontologies. … Snidaro et al, 2007] show how to develop an OWL ontology enhanced with … a methodology for the conversion of RDF triples to AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) topics and … Related articles – All 2 versions

Intelligent Advisor Agents in Distributed Environments [PDF] from buu.ac.th A Augello, G Pilato… – Information Retrieval and Mining in …, 2011 – Springer … be treated by ontology-based systems. The integration of ontologies with bayesian networks grants the advantages of both models … with the user through the definition of rules, described using a mark-up language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language).The rules … Related articles – All 2 versions

Adaptive Semantics of Complex Information/Services Networks: A Case Study from Cultural Heritage GF Mascari, U Maniscalco, L Moltedo… – Complex, Intelligent …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … the three-level items descriptions, AIML categories, taxonomy entries, ontologies concepts and … KB enhanced with primitives capable to explore the taxonomies and the ontology. … named categories and written in a language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language). … Related articles – All 4 versions

An Intelligent Advisor to Suggest Strategies in Economic Policy Decisions A Augello, G Pilato… – Complex, Intelligent and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … description of the domain and the deterministic events through the use of ontologies. … the ontology that is described by means of the Web Ontology Language (OWL … the definition of rules described using a mark-up language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language). … Related articles – All 4 versions

An RFID framework for multimodal service provision S Sorce, A Augello, A Santangelo… – … , 2009. CISIS’09. …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The knowledge of Alice chatbot is composed of question-answer modules, called categories and described by Aiml (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) language [13]. … in Java of the Cyn project [16], provides a chatbot-based natural language interface to the Cyc ontology. … Related articles – All 2 versions

OntBot: Ontology based chatbot H Al-Zubaide… – Innovation in Information & …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … ALICE software utilizes AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language), an XML-like language designed for creating stimulus-response chat robots. … B. Ontologies Ontology is the key enabling technology for the semantic web. … Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Feeler: Emotion classification of text using vector space model [PDF] from aisb.org.uk T Danisman… – AISB 2008 Convention Communication, …, 2008 – aisb.org.uk … into three main groups: keyword spotting, statistical NLP, and ontology based approaches. … The third groups is based on ontologies, heavily uses semantic networks like … They developed ALICE chat-bot based on Artificial Intelligence markup language (AIML) script to improve … Cited by 20 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

A P2P-Based Semantic Web Services Composition Architecture Z Zhengdong, H Yahong, L Ronggui… – … , 2009. ICEBE’09. …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … automatic discovery, composition, implementation and interoperability by adopting Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (DARPA), Agent Markup Language (DAML) [3] or the Web Ontology Language (OWL) [4]. Content Addressable Network (CAN) organized a P2P overlay … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Intelligent Web Navigation Using Virtual Assistants [PDF] from uni-dortmund.de EM Eisman, V López… – ITWP 2009, 2009 – cs.uni-dortmund.de … AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) is an XML dialect for describing conversational scenarios for ECAs [Wallace, 2004], which specifies pairs of patterns and templates, so the agent answers the … The concepts and their relations were stored in a hierarchical ontology. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Using virtual characters in personalized recommendations E Reategui, E Boff… – ACM SIGCSE Bulletin, 2007 – dl.acm.org … third class represented in the upper part of the ontology is Affective … The Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) is used to represent the character’s conversational knowledge [17 … Shadbolt, NR and Roure, DC D. Exploiting synergy between ontologies and recommender … Cited by 9 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 3 versions

Automated knowledge extraction from Internet for a crisis communication portal O Goh, C Fung – Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, 2005 – Springer … The proposed system consists of crawler, wrapper, name-entity tagger, AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup language) and an animated character is used in the … of entity the corresponding noun phrases are and in which level and node do these entities belong to in the ontology. … Cited by 15 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Towards MKDA: A Knowledge Discovery Assistant for Researches in Medicine V Cannella, G Russo, D Peri, R Pirrone… – AI* IA 2007: Artificial …, 2007 – Springer … We have used Jena [13], an ontology support tool able to query both RDF and OWL ontologies, to perform semantically enriched reasoning. 6 System Functionalities … They are defined in the Artificial Intelligence Markup Language, an XML-compliant language. … Related articles – BL Direct – All 3 versions

Semantics driven interaction using natural language in students tutoring R Pirrone, G Pilato, R Rizzo… – Knowledge-Based Intelligent …, 2007 – Springer … This choice allows to obtain a mapping of a set of words, documents, and definitions concerning ontology concepts into the semantic … base is composed of question-answer patterns which are called cat- egories and structured with the Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language [13 … Related articles – BL Direct – All 2 versions

Towards a conversational agent architecture to favor knowledge discovery in serious games F Bellotti, R Berta, A De Gloria… – Proceedings of the 8th …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … The Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language (AIML) is an XML based authoring tool that allows developers to specify … It also uses WordNet as a set of synonyms, but not as an ontology. … forms of verbs and the lumping of words into “concepts”, also exploiting WordNet ontologies. … Related articles

[PDF] Chatbots are natural web interface to information portals [PDF] from cu.edu.eg BA Shawar – 2008 – infos2008.fci.cu.edu.eg … has sub-sites several sub-pages for Python subtopics, and also sub-sites for English, Spanish, and other translations, so users have to navigate a hierarchical ontology. … AIML, or Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language, is a derivative of Extensible Mark-up Language (XML). … Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

Awareness mechanisms for an intelligent tutoring system [PDF] from unimc.it R Pirrone, V Cannella… – Proc. of 23-th AAAI Symposium on …, 2008 – aaai.org … procedural knowledge inside the chatbot describes natu- ral language interaction structures as suitable rules that are written in Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML … Pizza Ontology v1.4 (2006/07/18) [ONLINE] available at: http://www.co- ode.org/ontologies/pizza/2006 … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] A Collective Intelligence Framework for Supporting Universal Information Agents [PDF] from nectec.or.th M Buranarach, A Kongthon, C Sangkeettrakarn… – 2010 – text.hlt.nectec.or.th … We apply Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) [8], a markup language for conversation agent construction defined based on XML, in creating … Tools such as Semantic Wiki and ontology editors require some advanced training and may not be most suitable for the user … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Managing conversation uncertainty in tutorj [PDF] from unipa.it V Cannella… – Proc. of the AAAI 2009 Fall Symposium in …, 2009 – aaai.org … describes natural language interaction structures as suitable rules written in Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) (AIML … declarative knowledge of TutorJ about its do- main that is stored in ontologies. The general data struc- ture of a common ontology is a graph whose … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

A multilevel natural language query approach conversational agent systems [PDF] from murdoch.edu.au OS Goh, A Depickere… – IAENG …, 2007 – researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au … ontology … This trained Knowledge Base is also called Annotated ALICE Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AAA) [5]. The conversation logs are a separate knowledge base from which stored dialogue can be re-used to improve the knowledge base for future queries by … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Domain knowledge query conversation bots in instant messaging (IM) OS Goh, CC Fung… – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2008 – Elsevier … library of over 30,000 stimulus-response pairs written in Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML … knowledge and information harvested from or expressed in ontologies, gazetteers, named … The ontology and gazetteer has been implemented as domain-dependent modular … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] A corpus-based NLP-chain for a web-based Assisting Conversational Agent [PDF] from limsi.fr M Xuetao, JP Sansonnet… – Third Workshop on Animated …, 2008 – limsi.fr … though Wallace’s Alicebot [4] offers a more sophisticated approach using rules and meta rules described in XML (AIML ? Artificial Intelligence Markup Language). … In section 3 we present our corpus-based approach to the construction of the ontology of concepts used in the … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

An embodied conversational agent for intelligent web interaction on pandemic crisis communication [PDF] from murdoch.edu.au OS Goh, CC Fung, KW Wong… – … of the 2006 IEEE/WIC/ACM …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … The advanced reasoning is carried out with the use of domain ontology and knowledge base … This trained Knowledge Base is also called Annotated ALICE Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AAA) [9]. For the domain-specific knowledge, AINI uses existing online documents … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Sub-symbolic semantic layer in cyc for intuitive chat-bots G Pilato, A Augello, G Vassallo… – … Computing, 2007. ICSC …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The KB of an ALICE chat-bot is composed of question-answer modules, called categories and described by AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) language. … [5] Biemann C.: Ontology learning from text … [6] Suguraman V., Storey VC.: Ontologies for conceptual modeling … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] The VISTA project: An agent architecture for virtual interactive storytelling [PDF] from unt.edu E Figa… – TIDSE, 2003 – cse.unt.edu … Web Interface, object-oriented story hierarchies, AIML scripts, a natural language and a knowledge processor provided by the Jinni 2002 Prolog compiler, and techniques to produce abstract story traces and ontology-driven story … Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML). … Cited by 18 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Enhanced Speech-Enabled Tools for Intelligent and Mobile E-Learning Applications SA Selouani, TH Lê, Y Benahmed… – … : New Studies and …, 2010 – igi-global.com Enhanced Speech-Enabled Tools for Intelligent and Mobile E-Learning Applications (9781613504567): S- A. Selouani, TH. Lê, Y. Benahmed, D. O’Shaughnessy: Book Chapters. All 5 versions

Personalization in an interactive learning environment through a virtual character E Reategui, E Boff… – Computers & Education, 2008 – Elsevier … The third class represented in the upper part of the ontology is Affective States. … The Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) is used to represent the character’s conversational knowledge (Wallace, 2003), employing a mechanism of stimulus-response. … Cited by 16 – Related articles – All 6 versions

xOperator-interconnecting the semantic web and instant messaging networks [PDF] from psu.edu S Dietzold, J Unbehauen… – … of the 5th European semantic web …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … be, for example, mailing list archives which are represented as SIOC ontologies or personal … The Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML, [13]) is an XML dialect for creating natural language … locations and all infor- mation contained in the multidomain ontology DBpedia. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 8 versions

Domain metric knowledge model for embodied conversation agents [PDF] from murdoch.edu.au OS Goh, CC Fung, A Depickere… – 2007 – researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au … This is because natural language processing systems can exploit domain knowledge and ontologies. … It is a set of Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) scripts comprising the award … of knowledge and information harvested or expressed in ontology, gazetteer, named … Cited by 2 – Related articles

[BOOK] Proceedings of the Paralinguistic Information and Its Integration in Spoken Dialogue Systems Workshop RLC Delgado – 2011 – books.google.com … 260 2.4 Acquiring recipes….. 261 2.5 Interface Design….. 263 2.6 Cook Tutor….. 263 3 Pursuing ontology-based dialogue systems….. 263 3.1 Reasoning….. 264 3.2 Learning….. … All 2 versions

Multimodal agents in second life and the new agents of virtual 3d environments A Arroyo, F Serradilla… – Methods and Models in Artificial and …, 2009 – Springer … The main contribution of this scheme is the usage of a modelling language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) [8], based on XML … Ontologies used by these agents, therefore, must rely on these concepts and metabots must have a isomorphic mental map with … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Knowledge-based conversational agents and virtual storytelling [PDF] from unt.edu P Tarau… – Proceedings of the 2004 ACM symposium on Applied …, 2004 – dl.acm.org … 12, 4] lexical knowledge base with a subset of the Open Mind [13, 14] collection of common sense ontologies. … Further work with the story traces as a method to ana- lyze natural language document content and ontology- driven story … Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML … Cited by 22 – Related articles – All 10 versions

Deploying embodied AI into virtual worlds DJH Burden – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2009 – Elsevier … Language [8] (AIML), increasingly just for marshalling the conversation, rather than actually storing pattern/response pairs. • Resource Descriptor Framework (RDF) [27] and Topic Map [32] approaches for storing information and memories, together with related ontologies. … Cited by 14 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Enhancing the believability of embodied conversational agents through environment-, self-and interaction-awareness [PDF] from psu.edu K Ijaz, A Bogdanovych… – Proceedings of ACSC, 2011 – Citeseer … layer passes interaction an- notations (ie agent’s goal, plans, objects used etc.) back to the Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) module … dimen- sions (Esteva 2003): Conventions on language – Dia- logical Framework, determines language ontology and illocutionary … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

MAY: my memories are yours [PDF] from utl.pt J Campos… – Intelligent Virtual Agents, 2010 – Springer … The knowledge base’s architecture is like a small ontology of semantic relations, which describe the main cues for triggering one’s … MAY’s dialogue system uses a modified version of ALICE3, an engine that uses AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) to create responses … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

XML Alone is not Sufficient for Effective WebEDI F Beckenkamp… – Digital Communities in a Networked Society, 2004 – Springer … 4. Examples are: Chemical Markup Language (CML) and Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML). … the standardized markup language within which users can formally define specific ontologies for use … the DAML+OIL (DAML+OIL, 2001 – www.w3c.org) ontology language. … Related articles – All 5 versions

Towards a Context-Based dialog management layer for expert systems [PDF] from ucf.edu V Hung, A Gonzalez… – Information, Process, and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … words or phrases for the sake of semantic resolution, such as those found in early thesaurus-like databases [4] to full- fledged ontologies [5]. In … Galvão, et al [13] present Persona-AIML, which gives personality to agents based on the Artificial Intelligence Markup … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 10 versions

Design Principles and Applications of XRML [PDF] from gymnasium441.ru JK Lee… – Web Engineering, 2005 – books.google.com … of AI applications in XML for reducing conversion effort and time; 4. Artificial Intelligence Markup Language: Is the … Ontology can also be used to check incompleteness and inconsistency in the rule … Using AI in knowledge management: Knowledge management and ontologies. … Related articles – All 27 versions

[CITATION] Techniques Applied to Pass the Turing Test SG Christiansen… – 2006 – Aarhus Universitet, Datalogisk … Related articles – Library Search

EHeBby: An evocative humorist chat-bot G Pilato, A Augello, G Vassallo… – Mobile Information Systems, 2008 – IOS Press … Categories are structured with an XML-like language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language). … The rational area consists of the ontology given by the WordNet [14] lexical … Augello, G. Trecarichi, G. Vassallo and S. Gaglio, LSA-Enhanced Ontologies for Information … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 2 versions

GAIML: A new language for verbal and graphical interaction in chatbots R Pirrone, G Russo, V Cannella… – Mobile Information Systems, 2008 – IOS Press … system. 4. The graphical artificial intelligence markup language Usual chatbot interfaces are static, and the role of their widgets is fixed. … Palermo. His main research interests are about the knowledge management and ontology engineering. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 8 versions

[PDF] Educational Application of Dialogue System to Support e-Learning [PDF] from editlib.org YG Kim, CH Lee… – 2002 – editlib.org … This reasoning method is necessary for constructing student model. AIML(Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) contains a simple yet powerful XML markup tag called <srai>. … The quality information represents the ontology of Page 4. … Related articles – All 3 versions

Query based intelligent web interaction with real world knowledge OS Goh, CC Fung… – New Generation Computing, 2007 – Springer … It is a set of Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) scripts and this is the … of knowledge and information har- vested from or expressed in ontologies, gazetteers, named … The ontology and gazetteer have been implemented as domain-dependent modular components … Cited by 3 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Towards a more natural and intelligent interface with embodied conversation agent [PDF] from murdoch.edu.au GO Sing, KW Wong, CC Fung… – Proceedings of the 2006 …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … This statement is well-justified because such advanced reasoning cannot be carried out without the use of domain ontology and knowledge base. … This trained Knowledge Base is also called Annotated ALICE Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AAA) [19]. … Cited by 12 – Related articles – All 5 versions

A kst-based system for student tutoring G Pilato, R Pirrone… – Applied Artificial Intelligence, 2008 – Taylor & Francis … a common vocabulary, and is well-suited for mapping to/from other ontologies. … The ALICE software uses Artificial Intelligence Mark-Up Language (AIML) (ALICE), an XML language designed for creating … standard AIML language in order to query the OpenCyc ontology and its … Cited by 12 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 5 versions

The extensible rule markup language [PDF] from syr.edu JK Lee… – Communications of the ACM, 2003 – dl.acm.org … is a challenging research issue and an opportunity for ontology-based knowledge … of AI applications in XML for reducing conversion effort and time; Artificial Intelligence Markup Language. … Leary, E. Using AI in knowledge management: Knowledge management and ontologies. … Cited by 74 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 11 versions

Recognition and Interpretation on Talking Agents J Fernández de Alba… – Trends in Applied Intelligent Systems, 2010 – Springer … with associated information: a fragment of text matches the pattern, and the extracted variables have some extra in- formation: it may be contained within an ontology structure, so … Wallace, RS: Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML), http://docs.aitools.org/aiml/spec/ 14. … Related articles

Knowledge sharing in dynamic virtual enterprises: a socio-technological perspective P Liu, B Raahemi… – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2011 – Elsevier … Due to the semantic reasoning capability of ontologies, they are also … They presented an ontology model, namely NORM, to represent cognitive knowledge … This architecture comprises four main elements: an AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) derived chatbot engine … Cited by 10 – Related articles – All 2 versions

MAPIT: a pedagogical-relational ITS PG Rossi… – Procedia Computer Science, 2011 – Elsevier … making them hardly reusable for different disciplines 2. The construction of needed knowledge base, ontology, or dialog … At the moment we have implemented different agents behaviors based on AIML standard (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) with generic knowledge … Cited by 1 – Related articles

A Road Ahead for Adaptive Training Technology PJ Durlach – Adaptive Technologies for Training and Education, 2012 – books.google.com … Work using AI, ontologies, and the semantic web to cre- ate a semantic web subject-matter expert should be initiated to test the … A shared ontology among student models and training applica- tions would support automated updating of student data as new training is completed …

[PDF] Living in cyn: mating aiml and cyc together with program n [PDF] from daxtron.com K Coursey – Resources avalaible at: http://www. daxtron. com, 2004 – daxtron.com … This is a brief note on some of Daxtron Labs’ experiments on linking the Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) interpreter called Program N (by Gary … For example, given (boss John Steve) “the boss of John is Steve” and the pre-existing OpenCyc ontology (version 0.7.1 … Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

MIKI: A speech enabled Intelligent Kiosk [PDF] from psu.edu L McCauley… – Intelligent Virtual Agents, 2006 – Springer … avatar. A distinction should be made between this method and the widely used Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language (AIML) [22]. … advantages. For example, a simple ontology can be used to address send- ers and information types. … Cited by 14 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 9 versions

The anatomy of ALICE [PDF] from rus.ec RS Wallace – Parsing the Turing Test, 2009 – Springer … Keywords Artificial Intelligence, natural language, chat robot, bot, Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML), Markup Languages, XML, HTML, philosophy … Another school favors development of large-scale ontologies of “commonsense knowledge”, thought to be necessary … Cited by 58 – Related articles – All 10 versions

[PDF] Lowering the entry level: Lessons from the Web and the Semantic Web for the World-Wide-Mind [PDF] from psu.edu C O’Leary… – Poster at 1st Int. Semantic Web Conf.(ISWC-02), 2002 – Citeseer … We created a protocol called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) which consists of a core of eight … and SHOE [6] provide simple seman- tic markup for data according to a given ontology. A number of tools may assist in the creation of ontologies, these include Protégé … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 20 versions

Adding aspects of Implicit creation to the authoring process in interactive storytelling [PDF] from fh-erfurt.de U Spierling – Proceedings of the 4th international conference on …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … 2 AIML: Artificial Intelligence Markup Language. … Turning to complete “implicit creation”, ie, generating the language, requires modelling outreaching current possibilities – ontologies of the theme (airport expansion), of discussion styles, and more. … Cited by 18 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

MIKI: A Case Study of an Intelligent Kiosk and Its Usability L McCauley, S D’Mello, L Kim… – New Advances in Virtual …, 2008 – Springer … avatar. A distinction should be made between this method and the widely used Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language (AIML) [28]. … advantages. For example, a simple ontology can be used to address send- ers and information types. … Related articles – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Open Information Management: Applications of Interconnectivity and Collaboration J Yli-Hietanen… – 2009 – books.google.com … For this purpose, Automated Service Agents and Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) are used to provide naturalness to the dialogs between users and machines. Chapter XI Tools for Automatic Audio Management….. … Library Search – All 8 versions

Socially situated affective systems S Payr… – Emotion-Oriented Systems, 2011 – Springer … Tools for doing this include AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language), initially used to write dialogue instructions for the ALICE chatbot and subsequently used … The agent should be able to negotiate between the understanding of the human and the ontology of the database … Cited by 1 – Related articles

Enhanced Knowledge Management with eXtensible Rule Markup Language [PDF] from kaist.ac.kr JK Lee… – … Sciences, 2003. Proceedings of the 36th …, 2003 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML): It is XML specification for Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer … DL and Patel-Schneider, PF, “OIL: An Ontology Infrastructure for … Using AI in Knowledge Management: Knowledge Management and Ontologies,” IEEE Intelligent … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 8 versions

MEDQUAL: Improving Medical Web Search over Time with Dynamic Credibility Heuristics [PDF] from nyu.edu M Ginsburg – 2004 – papers.ssrn.com … glossary of genetic terms to the visualization of gene ontology pathways for biomedical researchers” (Ginsburg 2004). … AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language), an XML dialect. … Experiences in visualizing and navigating biomedical ontologies and knowledge bases. … Related articles – All 11 versions

[PDF] MAY: my Memories Are Yours An interactive companion that saves the user’s memories [PDF] from utl.pt JCF de Campos – 2010 – ist.utl.pt … 97 C Natural Language Tools 99 C.1 A RDF (small)ontology for time in MAY . . . . . 99 C.2 From expression to date . . . . . … 78 xvii Page 18. C.1 A RDF (small)ontology for time . . . . . 99 xviii Page 19. List of Tables … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Dictionary of information science and technology M Khosrowpour – 2007 – books.google.com Page 1. Dictionary of Information Science and Technology Mehdi Khosrow-Pour Information Resources Management Association, USA Idea Group reference Hershey • London • Melbourne • Singapore Volume I AJ Page 2. Acquisitions … Cited by 13 – Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

[PDF] DESIGNING CHATBOT INTERFACES FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING: ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH INTO AFFECT AND USERS’EXPERIENCES [PDF] from ubc.ca Y Wang – 2008 – circle.ubc.ca … 15 2.2.1 Chatbot technology development 15 2.2.2 Chatbot technology usage 18 2.3 Adaptivity 19 2.3.1 The ontology of emotion – Emotion research traditions 22 2.3.2 Evans’ accounts of emotion 27 2.3.3 State ofthe art ofkey research 31 2.3.4 State of the art of key projects 33 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

A Framework for Asynchronous Dialogue Systems: Concepts, Issues and Design Aspects [PDF] from utlib.ee M Treumuth – 2011 – dspace.utlib.ee … Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) [AIML, 2009] is an XML dialect for creating natural language software agents. … The principle parts of the solution include: – a semantic engine that parses natural language; – a collection of ontologies and business rules that provide … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 2 versions

A framework and evaluation of conversation agents [PDF] from murdoch.edu.au OS Goh – 2008 – researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au Page 1. A FRAMEWORK AND EVALUATION OF CONVERSATION AGENTS Ong Sing Goh BA Edu (Hons), University Science Malaysia MSc, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) This thesis … All 4 versions

[PDF] Authoring of Units of Learning via Dialogue Systems [PDF] from academypublisher.net D Janetzko – Journal of Computers, 2007 – academypublisher.net … 4) Examples of Units of Learning: Examples are rep- resented that are shown to the user upon request. B. The Dialogue Engine The dialogue engine used by DBAT-LD is based on AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language). … Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

[PDF] Survey of Languages, Specifications and Standards for Database and Network Communication [PDF] from autoidlabs.org DL Brock – Auto ID Center White Paper, MIT-AUTOID-WH-015, …, 2002 – autoidlabs.org … Artificial Intelligence Markup Language Astronomical Instrument Markup Language … AHML is very similar to HTML 3.2; it allows various formatting commands for text, and link files to other points in the file, or other files completely. Artificial Intelligence Markup Language. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Knowledge acquisition, delivery and prediction through text mining [PDF] from openrepository.com RP Schumaker – 2007 – arizona.openrepository.com Page 1. KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION, DELIVERY AND PREDICTION THROUGH TEXT MINING by Robert P. Schumaker A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the COMMITTEE ON BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search – All 4 versions

[PDF] ContextQA: Experiments in Interactive Restricted-Domain Question Answering [PDF] from liljenback.com ME Liljenback – 2007 – thesis.liljenback.com … understand plain text documents such as the New York Times. CYC does this by creating ontologies which are basically context driven relationships between words in a sentence. This works to a certain degree and allows CYC to build a vast knowledge base of simple … Cited by 10 – Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] Episodic Memory Model for Embodied Conversational Agents [PDF] from fcla.edu M Elvir – 2010 – etd.fcla.edu … (2006), we learn that the development of cognitive modules and human interface realism for chatbot systems distinguishes ECAs from ELIZA- or ALICE-based agents. As an example, Wlodzislaw et al (2006) cite the use of ontologies, concept description vectors, … Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search

Embodiment and copresence in collaborative interfaces [PDF] from geomobile.de M Gerhard, D Moore… – International Journal of Human-Computer …, 2004 – Elsevier … Alice uses AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language), a non-standard XML-based specification for bots, and includes a large AIML general knowledge base containing 40,000 categories, ie units of knowledge, a bot can speak about. … Cited by 63 – Related articles – All 8 versions

Modelling Proactive Behaviour of Conversational Interfaces [PDF] from tu-darmstadt.de M L’Abbate – 2006 – deposit.ddb.de Page 1. Modelling Proactive Behaviour of Conversational Interfaces Vom Fachbereich Informatik der Technischen Universität Darmstadt zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades eines Doktor-Ingenieurs (Dr.-Ing.) genehmigte Dissertation von … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Limited study of mechanical intelligence as media [PDF] from rmit.edu.au S Middleton – 2012 – researchbank.rmit.edu.au Page 1. i A Limited Study Of Mechanical Intelligence as Media A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Steven Middleton BA (Media Studies) MA (Creative Media) School of Creative Media … Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] XML-Based Agent Scripts and Inference Mechanisms [PDF] from unt.edu G Sun – 2003 – digital.library.unt.edu … combination of story specific AIML query/answer patterns, a generic AIML pattern library, and a set of JINNI 2002 classes implementing the underlying storytelling ontology that emerges from classifying the stories by themes, motifs, genres, and other indexing schemes. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Virtual humans: a build-it-yourself kit, complete with software and step-by-step instructions PM Plantec – 2004 – books.google.com … Later I’ll introduce you to ALICE, which is a sophisticated system for building V-peopIe using freely available source code. It’s based on A1ML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language), which is remi- niscent of HTML used to build Web pages. … Cited by 11 – Related articles – Library Search – All 3 versions

[PDF] PLAUSIBLE HYPERCOMPUTABILITY (DRAFT) [PDF] from stanford.edu A NAYEBI – 2012 – stanford.edu Page 1. PLAUSIBLE HYPERCOMPUTABILITY (DRAFT) ARAN NAYEBI Abstract. There have been many proposed hypercomputers. In its current form, the burgeoning field (or as some may have it, pseudo-field) of hypercomputation is far from being practical. … View as HTML

Conversations with an intelligent agent: modeling and integrating patterns in communications among humans and agents [PDF] from uiowa.edu JR Lee – 2006 – ir.uiowa.edu Page 1. University of Iowa Iowa Research Online Theses and Dissertations 2006 Conversations with an intelligent agent: modeling and integrating patterns in communications among humans and agents John Ray Lee University of Iowa … Related articles – All 5 versions