AIML & WordNet


WordNet as an ontology

See also:

100 Best GitHub: WordNet | Best WordNet VideosWordNet & Dialog Systems 2011WordNet & Dialog Systems 2012 | WordNet & Dialog Systems 2013 | WordNet & Dialog Systems 2014


Humorist bot: Bringing computational humour in a chat-bot system A Augello, G Saccone, S Gaglio… – Complex, Intelligent and …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … structured with an XML-like language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language). … This feature is obtained connecting the chat-bot knowledge base to external resources, such as the lexical dictionary WordNet[14] and … Finally some example of created Aiml categories … Cited by 23 Related articles All 6 versions

A semantic layer on semi-structured data sources for intuitive chatbots A Augello, G Pilato, G Vassallo… – Complex, Intelligent and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … [8] K. Coursey. Living in cyn: Mating aiml and cyc together with program n, 2004. [9] E. Gabrilovich and S. Markovitch. … Proceedings of the 20th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pages 6–12, 2007. … Introduction to wordnet: An on-line lexical database. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 4 versions

Semantic Management Systems for the Material Support of E-learning Platforms V Di Lecce, M Calabrese, D Soldo, A Giove – Journal of e-Learning and …, 2010 – je-lks.org … Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 11:122- 143 … 468-477, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009 Fellbaum C. (1998), WordNet: An electronic lexical database, MIT Press … De Gasperis G. (2010), Costruzione di Basi di Conoscenza AIML per chatter bot a partire da FAQ … Cited by 2 Related articles All 4 versions

Deploying embodied AI into virtual worlds DJH Burden – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2009 – Elsevier … Princeton University. <http://wordnet.princeton.edu/> (Accessed 18 Aug 08).. … [8]; Bush, N. (25 Oct 01) Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) Version 1.0.1. Alice AI Foundation. <http://www.alicebot.org/TR/2001/WD-aiml/> (Accessed 18 Aug 08). [9]; Chatterbot. … Cited by 29 Related articles All 9 versions

EHeBby: An evocative humorist chat-bot G Pilato, A Augello, G Vassallo, S Gaglio – Mobile Information Systems, 2008 – hindawi.com … Categories are structured with an XML-like language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language). … Page 4. 168 G. Pilato et al. / EHeBby: An evocative humorist chat-bot In order to explore the structure of WordNet we have introduced new, ad-hoc AIML tags which … Cited by 8 Related articles All 4 versions

Sub-symbolic knowledge representation for evocative chat-bots G Pilato, A Augello, G Vassallo, S Gaglio – Interdisciplinary Aspects of …, 2008 – Springer … The ALICE chat-bot’s knowl- edge base is composed of question-answer modules, called categories and structured with AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) an XML … In order to explore the structure of WordNet we have introduced new, ad hoc AIML tags which … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

Experiments on generating questions about facts V Rus, Z Cai, AC Graesser – Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text …, 2007 – Springer … AIML (http://www.alicebot.org/) stands for Artificial Intelligence Mark-Up Language. … QG-ML is a new, more expressive, language that extends AIML with variables, function calls … Named Entity Recognizer that can recognize person names and places based on WordNet and which … Cited by 12 Related articles All 3 versions

IV Workshop of the AI* IA Working Group on “Artificial Intelligence & E-Learning” R Emilia – 2009 – researchgate.net … Goal of this Workshop is to keep the picture on Artificial Intelligence and E … Giovanni De Gasperis, in his “Building an AIML Chatter Bot Knowledge-Base Starting … Antonella Carbonaro, in her “WordNet-based Summarization to Enhance Learning Interaction Tutoring”, discusses … Related articles All 3 versions

AIML Knowledge Base Construction from Text Corpora G De Gasperis, I Chiari, N Florio – Artificial Intelligence, Evolutionary …, 2013 – Springer … in these applications in 1990, the Loebner Prize proposed a competition for artificial intelligence chatbots to … of an ontology that is integrated with other information from Wikipedia, Wordnet, folksonomies and … To provide its answers, this ITS needs an AIML file that describes the … Related articles All 7 versions

Ontology-based pattern generator and root semantic analyser for spoken dialogue systems Y Benahmed, S Selouani… – Electrical & Computer …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … More specifically, the Artificial Intelligence Markup Lan- guage (AIML), an XML compliant language that is … mapping is done between the Penn-Treebank tagset and the WordNet tagset used for … Table 2. Example of additional AIML categories generated by the pattern generation … Related articles All 3 versions

Managing Conversation Uncertainty in TutorJ. V Cannella, R Pirrone – AAAI Fall Symposium: Cognitive and …, 2009 – researchgate.net … structures as suitable rules Category Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) … Database WordNet Domain Ontology Procedural Ontology … AAAI FS MCES 2009, Arlington -November 05, 09 New Extensions in AIML (data sources) venerdì 6 novembre 2009 Page 22. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Intelligent Agents supporting user interactions within self regulated learning processes CA Bentivoglio, D Bonura, V Cannella… – Journal of e-Learning …, 2010 – je-lks.org … This browsing is coded in AIML, so specific tags that allow loading an OWL ontology have been defined in order to retrieve the properties of a … Fellbaum, C. (1998, ed.), WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database. … Applied Artificial Intelligence, 22(4), 283-308, ISSN: 0883-9514. … Cited by 13 Related articles All 5 versions

Affect listeners: Acquisition of affective states by means of conversational systems M Skowron – Development of Multimodal Interfaces: Active Listening …, 2010 – Springer … the rule-based action selection, Affect Listener Dialog Scripting (ALDS), command interpreters for Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) and User … tagging driven sites (Digg) and automatic news ag- gregators (Google News, Bing News), WordNet [4], User … Cited by 18 Related articles All 15 versions

Ontbot: Ontology based chatbot H Al-Zubaide, A Issa – Innovation in Information & …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … ALICE software utilizes AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language), an XML-like language designed for creating stimulus-response … and answers in the form of categories and store the resulted scenarios in AIML files … WordNet [16] is going to be used to find words alternatives … Cited by 6 Related articles All 2 versions

An evaluation of the chat and knowledge delivery components of a low-level dialog system: The AZ-ALICE experiment RP Schumaker, M Ginsburg, H Chen, Y Liu – Decision Support Systems, 2007 – Elsevier … 15] and [20] all leverage large numbers of users to build the resource; a dictionary in the case of WordNet and a … ALICE system (Artificial Linguistic Internet Chat Entity) [22] was created by Richard Wallace uses an XML dialect called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language … Cited by 17 Related articles All 20 versions

Designing an intelligent dialogue system for serious games F Dernoncourt – 2012 – researchgate.net … De Pietro, O., De Rose, M. and G. Frontera. 2005. Automatic Update of AIML Knowledge Base in E- Learning Environment. … 1985. Introduction to artificial intelligence. Reading, Mass.: Addison- Wesley. Fellbaum, C. 2005. WordNet and wordnets. In: Brown, Keith et al. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 4 versions

Games bridging cultural communications AD Cheok, NNY Chu, Y Choi, J Wei – Advances in Computer …, 2012 – Springer … aiml.html; Klein, D., Manning, CD: Accurate unlexicalized parsing. … In: Proceedings of EMNLP 2008, p. 927 (2008) 8. Pedersen, T.: WordNet:: Similarity – Measuring the … In: Proceedings of the 19th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2004), San Jose, CA, pp. … Related articles All 4 versions

Feeler: Emotion classification of text using vector space model T Danisman, A Alpkocak – AISB 2008 Convention Communication …, 2008 – researchgate.net … 53 Page 60. x We have used sentences from ISEAR [2] dataset, emotional words from Wordnet-Affect and polarity of words from WPARD datasets. … They developed ALICE chat-bot based on Artificial Intelligence markup language (AIML) script to improve interaction in a … Cited by 75 Related articles All 9 versions

Performance Enhancement of WSD Using Association Rules In WEKA S Kumar, S Niranjan – 2013 – ijaiem.org … WORD SENSE DISAMBIGUATION” EIGHTH MEXICAN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, 2009 … ITWALY “FAST ALGORITHM FOR MINING ASSOCIATION RULES” AIML 05 CONFERENCE … 7. [12] SG Kolte and SG Bhirud “WordNet: A Knowledge … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

[BOOK] An Emotional Talking Head for a Humoristic Chatbot A Augello, G Pilato, O Gambino, R Pirrone, S Gaglio… – 2011 – intechopen.com … Alice knowledge base is structured with an XML-like language called AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language). … In particular the AIML Computational Humor Engine exploits both WordNet MultiWordNet (2010) and the a pronouncing dictionary of the Carnegie … Cited by 1 Related articles All 7 versions

Chatbots as Interface to Ontologies A Augello, G Pilato, G Vassallo, S Gaglio – Advances onto the Internet of …, 2014 – Springer … The knowledge of Alice chatbot is composed of question-answer modules, called categories and described by Aiml (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language) lan- guage [2]. Aiml is … In particular we created new Aiml tags which allow chatbots to query WordNet directly from … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions

Towards a Context-Based dialog management layer for expert systems V Hung, A Gonzalez, R DeMara – Information, Process, and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Galvão, et al [13] present Persona-AIML, which gives personality to agents based on the Artificial Intelligence Markup Language … common sense knowledge required to accommodate for understanding of basic conversational vocabulary, as seen in WordNet [5] and … Cited by 8 Related articles All 13 versions

Similarity Used In The Identification Of The Need To Refactoryze An Ontology AD MIHI? – KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: PROJECTS, …, 2010 – researchgate.net … International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AIML-06), Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, 2006. http://www. icgst. com/con06/aiml06/Fin al_Articles/P1120615104. pdf. 8. Simpson, Troy and Dao, Thanh. WordNet-based semantic similarity measurement. 2010. … Related articles All 6 versions

Towards a method for evaluating naturalness in conversational dialog systems V Hung, M Elvir, A Gonzalez… – Systems, Man and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Keywords— dialog systems, artificial intelligence, human- computer interaction, software evaluation I. INTRODUCTION Chatbots, or … and CYC [24] as tools that can serve to replace AIML templates and … analyzing the works referencing such systems as CYC [24] and WordNet [25 … Cited by 10 Related articles All 7 versions

Alternative Approaches to Correction of Malapropisms in AIML Based Conversational Agents WA Brock – 2014 – nsuworks.nova.edu … decade, is Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) (Wallace, 2009). In fact, … WordNet, in addition to the symbolic reduction approach currently used in AIML lead to better performance, as measured by accuracy and precision, on Page 19. 10 … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Knowledge Intensive Conversational Agents: a Logic Programming Approach P Tarau, E Figa – logic.cse.unt.edu … http://alice.sunlitsurf.com/TR/2001/WD-aiml/. 6. M. Zancanaro, A. Cappelletti, and C. Signorino. … X. Li, S. Szpakowicz, and S. Matwin. A wordnet-based algorithm for word sense disambiguation. In Proc. … International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools, 10(1-2):5–21, 2001. 28. … Related articles All 3 versions

Awareness Mechanisms for an Intelligent Tutoring System. R Pirrone, V Cannella, G Russo – AAAI Fall Symposium: Biologically …, 2008 – aaai.org … WordNet stores a similar knowl- edge represented in a symbolic form, and it’s used also for … procedural knowledge inside the chatbot describes natu- ral language interaction structures as suitable rules that are written in Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML). … Cited by 7 Related articles All 9 versions

Philosophy meets entertainment: designing an interactive virtual philosopher X Wang, ET Khoo, S Siriwardana, H Iroshan… – … Computing-ICEC 2012, 2012 – Springer … In: Proceedings of the Nineteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2004), San Jose, CA. … Pedersen, T., Kolhatkar, V.: WordNet::SenseRelate::AllWords: a broad coverage word sense tagger that maximizes semantic … Wallace, R.: The elements of AIML style. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 5 versions

Word Sense Disambiguation Using Association Rules: A Survey S Kumar, N Sharma, DS Niranjan – International Journal of Computer Technology … – ijctee.org … Lesk Approach to Word Sense Disambiguation? Eighth Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 2009 … 9] MHMargahny and AAMitwaly ?Fast Algorithm for Mining Association Rules? AIML 05 Conference … 12] SG Kolte and SG Bhirud ?WordNet: A Knowledge … Cited by 4 Related articles All 3 versions

Not Me: Collaboration and Co-production with Language Processing Systems R Twomey – Digital Arts and Culture 2009, 2009 – escholarship.org … Using information content to evaluate semantic similarity. In Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pages 448-453. Montreal. … [18] Wallace, R. 2003. The Elements of AIML Style. … [20] Wordnet website http://wordnet.princeton.edu Page 7. Related articles All 5 versions

Towards a conversational agent architecture to favor knowledge discovery in serious games F Bellotti, R Berta, A De Gloria… – Proceedings of the 8th …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … The Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language (AIML) is an XML based authoring tool that allows developers to … ALICE [8], a high-performance chatbot programmed in AIML, involves 1120,000 rules, which makes … It also uses WordNet as a set of synonyms, but not as an ontology. … Cited by 2 Related articles

Chatbot Creation Options ML McNeal, D Newyear – Library Technology Reports, 2013 – journals.ala.org … We’ll examine each in turn. AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) … In AIML it would be necessary to write categories for each of these words. In ChatScript, we can create a single concept to cover all of them. … WordNet Ontologies … All 5 versions

Leveraging Question Answer technology to address terrorism inquiry RP Schumaker, H Chen – Decision Support Systems, 2007 – Elsevier … This fact-driven syntactic parser uses Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) to determine its responses. The knowledge used by ALICE is contained in XML-based Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) files that can easily be extended to meet particular knowledge demands. … Cited by 9 Related articles All 20 versions

An AIML Interpreter K Sullivan – 2009 – dip.felk.cvut.cz … Due to its history as a language for creating artificial intelligence, AIML variables are … to generate new categories automatically, and to easily program games inside AIML. … and use several onthology and “common knowledge” systems — OpenCyC, WordNet and ConceptNet. … Related articles

Query based intelligent web interaction with real world knowledge OS Goh, CC Fung, KW Wong – New Generation Computing, 2007 – Springer … It is a set of Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) scripts and this is the backbone of the award winning … 5 www.alicebot.org/aiml/aaa/ … component consist of knowledge and information har- vested from or expressed in ontologies, gazetteers, named entities and WordNet. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 8 versions

Context modeling using a common sense database G LINDSTEDT, M RUNELÖV – 2013 – diva-portal.se … http://www.alicebot.org/TR/2005/WD- aiml/WD-aiml-1.0.1-008.html (2013-04-11) … [27] Yampolskiy, Roman V. ”AI-complete CAPTCHAs as zero knowledge proofs of access to an artificially intelligent system.” ISRN Artificial Intelligence 2012 (2011). 20 … [30] WordNet – Home page. … Related articles All 3 versions

A corpus-based NLP-chain for a web-based Assisting Conversational Agent M Xuetao, JP Sansonnet, F Bouchet – Third Workshop on …, 2008 – researchgate.net … Wallace’s Alicebot [4] offers a more sophisticated approach using rules and meta rules described in XML (AIML ? Artificial Intelligence Markup Language). … root words); – Word-sense association level: lemmas are then transformed into semantic ‘synsets’ as in WordNet [24]1. At … Cited by 4 Related articles All 3 versions

A Dialogue System for Conversational NPCs T Klüwer, P Adolphs, F Xu, H Uszkoreit – Proceedings of the Paralinguistic …, 2011 – Springer … 2010) [6] Suchanek, F., Kasneci, G., Weikum, G.: YAGO: A Core of Semantic Knowledge – Unifying WordNet and Wikipedia … 3 ALICE and AIML are hosted by Dr. Richard Wallace, see http://www.alicebot.org/aiml/aaa … 7] Wallace, R., Bush, N.: Artificial Intelligence Markup Language … Related articles All 5 versions

Domain knowledge query conversation bots in instant messaging (IM) OS Goh, CC Fung, A Depickere – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2008 – Elsevier … In the competition, ALICE used a library of over 30,000 stimulus–response pairs written in Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML). … consist of knowledge and information harvested from or expressed in ontologies, gazetteers, named entities and WordNet. … Cited by 11 Related articles All 5 versions

iSage: A Virtual Philosopher System for Learning Traditional Chinese Philosophy X Wang, R Nakatsu – 2014 – studentsoutlook.com … a computer agent; finally, we present the interface we designed and a brief description of the artificial intelligence algorithm used … The corresponding representation using AIML is as follows: … as way#n#5, which is the fifth meaning of the word way in the WordNet lexical database … Related articles

Common Sense Knowledge C Andrich, L Novosel, B Hrnkas – 2009 – courses.iicm.tu-graz.ac.at … For that purpose the Extended WordNet (XWN) was used. … 3.1 Common sense knowledge in artificial intelligence … was inspired by ELIZA and developed in the late 90s by Richard Wallace, can appear intelligent by using some heuristic pattern matching and an AIML9 knowledge … Cited by 1 Related articles All 8 versions

Building an Autopoietic Knowledge Structure for Natural Language Conversational Agents K Nitta – Rule Representation, Interchange and Reasoning on …, 2008 – Springer … to access a parse tree, large-scale natural language resources like Wordnet, and other … the AIML processor and the ALICE subset knowledge data in the AIML format as … 417–442 (1982) 5. Minsky, M.: The Emotion Machine: Commonsense Thinking, Artificial Intelligence, and the … Related articles All 10 versions

Reviving Traditional Chinese Culture Through an Interactive Chat Application X Wang, ET Khoo, J Wei, AD Cheok – Computers in Entertainment (CIE), 2014 – dl.acm.org … Relatedness of Concepts, in: Proceedings of the Nineteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-04 … T. Pedersen, V. Kolhatkar, WordNet:: SenseRelate:: AllWords: a broad coverage word sense tagger … R. Wallace, The elements of AIML style, Alice AI Foundation. … Related articles

An automated online crisis dispatcher S Fitrianie, LJM Rothkrantz – International Journal of …, 2008 – inderscienceonline.com … example, an adjective database (Hatzivassiloglou and McKeown, 1997), common-sense database (Liu et al., 2003), emotion class-based database (Ortony et al., 1987), affective-WordNet (Strapparava and … Selections of the dialogues were further developed into AIML formats. … Cited by 6 Related articles All 2 versions

Knowledge representation and acquisition for large-scale semantic memory J Szyma?ski, W Duch – … . IJCNN 2008.(IEEE World Congress on …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … may serve as inspirations for the implementation of the linguistic competences in cognitive systems [5], [6]. Artificial intelligence based on … has been constructed as an aggregation of the knowledge from different machine read- able knowledge sources: WordNet [16], ConceptNet … Cited by 3 Related articles All 10 versions

Chatterbots with Occupation-Between Non Task and Task Oriented Conversational Agents M Mazur, R Rzepka, K Araki – LINGUISTIC AND … – arakilab.media.eng.hokudai.ac.jp … right into the code, ALICE introduced Arti?cial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) used to store … is CSIEC (Computer Simulation in Educational Communication) is an Arti?cial Intelligence (AI) framework … ii 7 Conceptnet, httpzf/web.media.mit.edu/~hugo/conceptnet/ S Wordnet. … Related articles All 3 versions

Intelligent Student-Bot for an Interactive Question and Answer User Interface E Günther, B Harriehausen-Mühlbauer – HCI International 2013-Posters’ …, 2013 – Springer … Another system called “Alice”2 is using the Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (short AIML)3. “Alice” has a … The Synonym resolution in our system is done by using the Java API for WordNet Searching 9 which uses the WordNet 10 database to retrieve synonyms. … Related articles All 2 versions

Just.Chat-a platform for processing information to be used in chatbots MJ Pereira, L Coheur – 2013 – fenix.tecnico.ulisboa.pt … It should be noted that processing the collected data had its challenges, for instance, with the AIML files we had to deal with their numerous tags … 14http://wordnet.princeton.edu/ 15http://lyle.smu.edu/~tspell/jaws/ 16http://snowball.tartarus.org/algorithms/english/ stemmer. … Related articles

Bullying and debt: Developing novel applications of dialogue systems K Crockett, Z Bandar, J O’Shea, D Mclean – Knowledge and Reasoning in …, 2009 – Citeseer … ALICE AI Foundation promotes the use of Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language (AIML) for creating … Comparative Study of Two Short Text Semantic Similarity Measures, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, LNAI, Vol … Miller, G “WordNet: A Lexical Database for English”, Comm … Cited by 8 Related articles All 6 versions

Discourse-based modeling for aac M Mitchell, R Sproat – Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Speech …, 2012 – dl.acm.org … This system ap- proaches generation as a text retrieval task, using a lexicon derived from WordNet to expand user input to find … ALICE makes use of a large library of pattern-action pairs written in AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language): if an input sentence matches a … Cited by 5 Related articles All 11 versions

Evaluating Coherence in Open Domain Conversational Systems R Higashinaka, T Meguro… – … Conference of the …, 2014 – mazsola.iit.uni-miskolc.hu … The se- mantic categories are similar to synset IDs in WordNet and can be obtained by consulting the Japanese … For this purpose, we had a seasoned engineer, who specializes in text analysis, create rules in Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) for two-and-a … Cited by 2 Related articles All 4 versions

A Chatbot as a Natural Web Interface to Arabic Web QA B Abu Shawar – International Journal of Emerging Technologies in …, 2011 – editlib.org … AIML, or Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language, is a derivative of Extensible Mark-up Lan … AIML CATEGORIES GENERATED FROM ARABIC WWWFAQS WWW FAQs Atomic cate- gories Default cate- gories Mother&kids issues 164 … Arabic WordNet and the challenges of Arabic … Related articles All 5 versions

Authoring of Units of Learning via Dialogue Systems. D Janetzko – JCP, 2007 – xyuan.myweb.cs.uwindsor.ca … 2) Background Knowledge: The IMS LD specification is augmented by WordNet [24] to detect and resolve synonymous concepts that are used in the … B. The Dialogue Engine The dialogue engine used by DBAT-LD is based on AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language). … Related articles All 8 versions

Designing a Chat-bot that Simulates an Historical Figure E Haller, T Rebedea – Control Systems and Computer Science ( …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … state of the art, which is mainly using rules written in AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language … and Rosette [7]. The Loebner Prize is an annual competition in Artificial Intelligence that awards … The last linguistic resource used in this stage is WordNet (http://wordnet.princeton … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

On the Use of Ontologies to Guide Agents Answering Questions MT Amorim, D Cury, CS de Menezes – New Perspectives in Information …, 2014 – Springer … of this, approaches based on cognitive science, using the techniques provided by Artificial Intelligence, are concerned … to remove stopwords, to enrich the query with synonyms from Wordnet, to make … type of the question, and to obtain the solved question from the bank AIML. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Confucius chat: promoting traditional chinese culture and enhancing intergenerational communication through a chat system X Wang, ET Khoo, CR Fu, AD Cheok… – Culture and …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … eg special concepts, name of historical persons and texts, etc) that do not have a semantic meaning in the WordNet, a separate … 110B.C.). These question and answer pairs are stored as patterns and templates in the Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) [11]. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

Data-driven dialogue for interactive question answering R Basili, D De Cao, C Giannone, P Marocco – … 2007: Artificial Intelligence …, 2007 – Springer … Lucene search engine (v. 2.2): Powerful, flexible, and free (June 2007), http://lucene.apache. org/ 6. MeSH: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/ 7. Fellbaum, C.: WordNet, an electronic … Bush, N.: AIML Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) Version 1.0.1. ALICE AI Foundation (2005) 11. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 4 versions

Conversational agents and the construction of humorous acts A Nijholt – 2007 – doc.utwente.nl Page 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Part I Conversational Artifacts Page 2. Page 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 … Cited by 17 Related articles All 8 versions

A Cognitive Dialogue Manager for Education Purposes R Pirrone, V Cannella, G Russo… – Diana Perez-Marin and …, 2011 – books.google.com … Many conversational agents can be pro- grammed in Artificial Intelligence Markup Lan- guage (AIML) an … The LSA module works jointly with the WordNet module that is used to disambiguate the … module interact with the chatbot engine using a collection of new AIML tags whose … All 3 versions

Virtual social networks online and mobile systems M Safar, H Sawwan, M Taha, T Al-Fadhli – Mobile Information Systems, 2009 – hindawi.com … It is based on traditional rule-based knowledge representation, ie the standard AIML KB, which exploits both WordNet and the CMU pronouncing dictionary. It builds an LSA-inspired semantic space in which the sentences stored in the standard AIML KB. … Cited by 13 Related articles All 7 versions

Interacting with Traditional Chinese Culture through Natural Language X Wang, ET Khoo, R Nakatsu, A Cheok – Journal on Computing and …, 2014 – dl.acm.org … One famous example is ALICE [Wallace 2003], written in AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language … pairs in natural language, which will be automatically stored in the AIML knowledge base … for knowledge statements, identify the topics and their meanings in WordNet, and for … Related articles

Adaptive Information Retrieval based on Task Context BL Doan, JP Sansonnet – Systems Science and Collaborative …, 2011 – books.google.com … design- ing interactive systems and interfaces with both domains of artificial intelligence, cognitive and … of the query as well as synonyms found in the WordNet lexical data … approach using rules and meta rules described in XML (AIML?Artificial Intelligence Markup Language … All 7 versions

Some Issues in the Design of Character Scripting and Specification Languages T Rist – Life-Like Characters: Tools, Affective Functions, and …, 2013 – books.google.com … Communication As- sistant for Effective Infobahn Access), 10, 381 AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language … Presentation Markup Language), 8, 59, 64 82214, 273, 466 Artificial intelligence, 22, 326435 … work, 239 Wizard of Oz method, 307 Woggles, 146 WordNet, 171 X3D … Related articles

Interaction analysis of the alice chatterbot: A two-study investigation of dialog and domain questioning RP Schumaker, H Chen – … and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … sentence-oriented response capability. 1) ALICE: ALICE uses XML-based Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) files to hold its internal collection of knowledge. This open-source knowledge base makes ALICE Page 3. … Cited by 6 Related articles All 18 versions

Systems engineering and conversational agents J O’Shea, Z Bandar, K Crockett – Intelligence-Based Systems Engineering, 2011 – Springer Page 1. A. Tolk and LC Jain (Eds.): Intelligence-Based Systems Engineering, ISRL 10, pp. 201–232. springerlink.com © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 Chapter 8 Systems Engineering and Conversational Agents James O’Shea, Zuhair Bandar, and Keeley Crockett … Cited by 10 Related articles All 6 versions

Generative conversation tool for game writers CR Strong, M Mateas, D Grossman – Proceedings of the 4th International …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … AIML [12] is representative of chatterbot language pro- cessing, following this pattern matching technique. … For the purposes of discovering implicit links between top- ics, we chose ConceptNet over the WordNet [3] thesaurus. … Cited by 1 Related articles

Senior: Situation-Aware Ambient Intelligence Framework M Buchmayr, W Kurschl – Active Ageing: Smart Solutions, New …, 2010 – aal-europe.eu … WordNet Electronic Lexical Database 49 (2): 265–283, 1998. … M. L, ChatterBots, TinyMuds, and the Turing Test: Entering the Loebner Prize Competition, Proceedings of the national conference on Artificial Intelligence, 1994. … [13] Wallace, R., The Elements of AIML style, ALICE … Related articles All 3 versions

Ontology construction using computational linguistics for e-learning LJ Deborah, R Baskaran, A Kannan – Visual Informatics: Sustaining …, 2011 – Springer … In: Horn, W. (ed.) Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 2000. … Miller, GA, Beckwith, R., Fellbaum, CD, Gross, D., Miller, K.: WordNet: An online lexical database. … In: AIML 2006 International Conference, Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt (2006) 21. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 4 versions

Extracting Knowledge from On-Line Forums for Non-Obstructive Psychological Counseling Q&A System Y Liu, M Liu, Z Lu, M Song – 2012 – file.scirp.org … Many researchers has dedicated to the application of computer and artificial intelligence in psychiatry [16-22]. … is acquired through the use of Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) and WordNet. … The XML dialect called AIML was developed and formed the basis for “ALICE … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Games bridging cultural communications N Chu, Y Choi, J Wei, A Cheok – Consumer Electronics (GCCE …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Artificial Intelligence Foundation, http://www.alicebot.org/aiml.htmlD. [10] Klein and CD Manning, “Accurate unlexicalized parsing,” Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics – ACL ’03, 2003, pp. 423-430. [11] Fellbaum, C., WordNet: An … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Limited study of mechanical intelligence as media S Middleton – 2007 – researchbank.rmit.edu.au … Page 6. SUMMARY The project investigated the uses of artificial intelligence and robotic technologies as media. It asked: Why make mechanical intelligence? … sentientart.com. Sentientart proposed an installation where an artificial intelligence would simulate a holocaust victim. … Related articles All 2 versions

Emotional and Domain Concept Enhancements to Alicebot A Cho – 2007 – scholarworks.sjsu.edu … database along with all the AIML patterns. WordNET [39] is a semantic lexicon for English, combining a dictionary and thesaurus. It has been used in many other artificial intelligence and text analysis programs and research. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 3 versions

Corpus linguistics and language learning: bootstrapping linguistic knowledge and resources from text ES Atwell – 2008 – etheses.whiterose.ac.uk … Atwell 2005). The AIML chatbot architecture requires a set of input-reply patterns or … The survey looked beyond the micro, towards advanced software for research and teaching from computer science and artificial intelligence; and aimed to introduce … All 3 versions

Corpus Linguistics and Language Learning ES Atwell – 2008 – comp.leeds.ac.uk … Atwell 2005). The AIML chatbot architecture requires a set of input-reply patterns or … The survey looked beyond the micro, towards advanced software for research and teaching from computer science and artificial intelligence; and aimed to introduce … All 5 versions

Unsupervised discovery of human behavior and dialogue patterns in data from an online game TS Smith – 2011 – dspace.mit.edu … For example, modem pattern-matching chatter-bots using AIML have tens of thousands of pattern and response pairs that must be crafted by hand [2]. Another example is the … As Roger Schank, an influential contributor to artificial intelligence in the 70s and 80s, said: … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Ontology Assisted Formal Specification Extraction From Text. AD Mihis – Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Informatica, 2010 – researchgate.net … I.2.7 [Computing Methodologies]: Artificial Intelligence – Natural Language Processing D.2.1 [Software]: Software … International Conference on Artificial Intelli- gence and Machine Learning (AIML-06), Sharm … http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology [30] http://www.wordnet-online.com … Related articles All 2 versions

A chatbot service for use in video game development AJ Larsen – 2015 – 146.141.12.21 … Page 14. xiii Nomenclature ABL A Behaviour Language AI Artificial Intelligence AIML Artificial Intelligence Markup Language ALICE Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity ANEW Affective Norms for English Words CML Character Modelling Language DM Drama Manager … Related articles All 3 versions

Algorithm for Analysis and Translation of Sentence Phrases R Lacko – is.muni.cz … alice.pandorabots.com/ and its AIML sources at https://code.google.com/p/aiml-en-us … 3. WordNet is a lexical database for English that records various semantic relations between words … Cleverbot is not a tool, it represents a significant application of NLP and artificial intelligence. … Related articles

A Method for designing Dialogue Systems by using Ontologies EJ Wantroba, RAF Romero – INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM …, 2014 – researchgate.net … all words are not analyzed do if word is a noun then synonymous? returnSynonymous (word); {the WordNet returns all … The details are stored as AIML patterns and are presented in Section III. … [14] S. Wallace, R,“The anatomy of alice” ALICE Artificial Intelligence Foundation, Inc … Related articles

Designing an interactive open-domain question answering system S Quarteroni, S Manandhar – Natural Language Engineering, 2009 – Cambridge Univ Press … (Jiang and Conrath, 1997). WordNet similarity is wn(q, a) = 1 ? ? i<|q|,j<|a| jc(qi,aj ) |q| , … 7 Chatbot-based interactive question answering As an alternative to the FS and IS models, we studied conversational agents based on AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language). … Cited by 57 Related articles All 12 versions

Environment for Requirements Elicitation Supported by Ontology-Based Conceptual Models: A Proposal J Valaski, S Reinehr, A Malucelli – Proceedings of the International …, 2014 – world-comp.org … R. Sharman, and R. Ramesh, “Agile Integration Modeling Language (AIML): A conceptual … conceptualizations, modeling languages, and (meta) models”, Frontiers in artificial intelligence and applications, pp … [19] T. Pedersen, and V. Kolhatkar, “WordNet:: SenseRelate:: AllWords … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Knowledge acquisition, delivery and prediction through text mining RP Schumaker – 2007 – arizona.openrepository.com … 117 5.4 Experimental Design ….. 123 5.4.1 AIML Knowledge….. … 180 7.2.5.2.4.1 Artificial Intelligence….. 181 7.2.5.2.4.2 Statistical Approach….. … Related articles All 3 versions

Ontology supported comparison in vague domains KØ Lundqvist – 2010 – Citeseer … 66 4.1 Parsing algorithms and Artificial Intelligence ….. 66 … Chapter 3 will investigate how vague domains have traditionally been tackled in computer science (in literature) especially by using artificial intelligence (AI) … Related articles All 4 versions

[BOOK] Application of semantic networks in natural language issues W Górka, A Piasecki, ? Bownik – 2008 – library.lts-portal.org … Such works allow creating word nets (WordNet 14 ). … In comparison with the solutions based on AIML language, this solution seems to be more flexible and easier to … Natural Language Generation in Artificial Intelligence and Computional Linguistic, Springer, ISBN 0792390989. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

What makes a great MOOC? An interdisciplinary analysis of student retention in online courses P Adamopoulos – 2013 – aisel.aisnet.org … identification of their orientation. Opinion words were extracted using the corresponding frequent features and the semantic orientation of each opinion word was identified with the help of WordNet (Fellbaum 1998). In detail, we … Cited by 48 Related articles All 9 versions

Visualization of Affect in Faces based on Context Appraisal DDLA Távara – 2012 – dmi2.uib.es … The SimsTM, among many others. These charac- ters are endowed with great realism and believability thanks to advanced technologies in Computer Graphics and Artificial Intelligence. Nevertheless, these techniques might … Related articles All 8 versions

Context-based counselor agent for software development ecosystem T Shinozaki, Y Yamamoto, S Tsuruta – Computing, 2015 – Springer … that a conversational agent converts to an abstract language so called artificial intelligence markup language … 3). Rather than translating user input into an abstract language like AIML [27], we … to huge general-purpose Web-based knowledge frameworks like WordNet and Open … Cited by 4 Related articles All 3 versions

Episodic Memory Model for Embodied Conversational Agents M Elvir – 2010 – etd.fcla.edu … Some authors have called into question the propriety of the last phase. (French, 2000) However, by analyzing the Artificial Intelligence community’s general appreciation for Turing’s proposed … language, AIML. (Wallace, 2008) Even though ALICE-based implementations have … Related articles

Interacting with Philosophy Through Natural Language Conversation W XUAN – 2013 – scholarbank.nus.edu.sg … For example, in a 2009 article, Wang [155] started an interesting discussion on the computability of culture, focusing particularly from the Artificial Intelligence (AI) and cultural heritage perspective. He recognized the difficulty in computing culture and … Related articles All 2 versions

Dealing with Missing Mappings and Structure in a Network of Ontologies Q Liu – 2011 – diva-portal.org … In the mid- dle of 1970s, researchers from the Artificial Intelligence (AI) field have recognized that capturing knowledge is the key to build large and … 1http://www.opencyc.org/ 2http://wordnet. princeton.edu/ 3http://www.ontologyportal.org/ 4http://www.loa-cnr.it/DOLCE.html … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

ContextQA: Experiments in Interactive Restricted-Domain Question Answering ME Liljenback – 2007 – thesis.liljenback.com Page 1. CONTEXTQA: EXPERIMENTS IN INTERACTIVE RESTRICTED- DOMAIN QUESTION ANSWERING _____ A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of San Diego State University _____ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree … Cited by 11 Related articles

Synthetic Partner F Meijerink, SA Nijholt, B van Dijk, D Heylen – 2008 – Citeseer … We have provided recommendations for further research, which in the future may lead to technology that is able to fulfil our goal. Keywords Emotion, Artificial Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Affective Computing, Emotional Disclosure, Linguistics. 3 Page 6. Contents … Related articles All 4 versions

Evaluation of a Standalone Language-independent Dialogue Framework A Jordan, K Araki – … on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI), 2015 – arakilab.media.eng.hokudai.ac.jp … [5] George A. Miller. nov. 1995. WordNet: A Lexical Database for English, Vol. 38, No. 11, pp. 39-41. … Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ). [15] Richard S. Wallace. 2003. The elements of AIML style. Alice AI Foundation. [16] Kenji Araki and Michitomo Kuroda. 2006. …

Knowledge acquisition from user reviews for Interactive Question Answering N Konstantinova – 2013 – wlv.openrepository.com … 164 xvi Page 17. List of Abbreviations ACE – Automatic Content Extraction AI – Artificial Intelligence AIML – Artificial Intelligence Markup Language CBPS – Constraint-Based Problem-Solver CLEF – Cross-Language Evaluation Forum ComplInfo – Complementary Info … Related articles All 6 versions

Robust dialog management through a context-centric architecture VC Hung – 2010 – etd.fcla.edu … AIML Artificial Intelligence Markup Language ALICE Artificial Linguistic Internet Chat Entity … The Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) (Galvão et al, 2004) (Lu et al, 2006) allows programmers to provide custom knowledge files to an ELIZA-based conversation agent. … Cited by 2 Related articles

Intergenerational Physical and Cultural Play Systems KENG TAT – 2011 – scholarbank.nus.edu.sg … 132 3.7 Cultural Play System Description . . . . . 136 3.7.1 Artificial Intelligence Markup Language Retrieval . . . 138 3.7.2 Knowledge Database Retrieval . . . . . 140 3.7.2.1 Identifying Keywords . . . . . 140 3.7.2.2 Identifying Topics . . … Related articles All 2 versions

[BOOK] Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11 … HB Zaman, P Robinson, M Petrou, P Olivier, TK Shih… – 2011 – books.google.com Page 1. LNCS 7067 Halimah Badioze Zaman Peter Robinson Maria Petrou Patrick Olivier Timothy K. Shih Sergio Velastin Ingela Nystriim (Eds.) Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovation Second International Visual … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

Social talk capabilities for dialogue systems T Klüwer – 2015 – universaar.uni-saarland.de … German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (Deutsches Forschungszentrum für künstliche Intelligenz, DFKI) Language Technology Lab … One example is the freely available ALICE chat- bot2 based on the Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (Wallace & Bush, 2001). … Related articles All 2 versions

Sentiment analysis: from opinion mining to human-agent interaction C Clavel, Z Callejas – ieeexplore.ieee.org … There are a variety of open source sentiment lexicons in English used by sentiment detection systems: Sen- tiWordNet [96], EmotiWord[103], the LIWC dictionary [101], WordNet Affect [97], and Sentiful [104] are some of the most widespread. … Cited by 2

Computational Humour JW Tinholt – 2007 – hmi.ewi.utwente.nl … the property Absurd is present is based on the- matic role constraints and the Taboo check uses WordNet Domains to determine whether a subject domain is taboo. A chat application that follows this approach was implemented. The application uses an AIML (Wallace et al … Related articles All 2 versions