Grammar Trees & Dialog Systems


Grammar Trees & Dialog Systems


CSG-Tag: Constraint based Synchronous Grammar Tree Annotation System F Wong, F Oliveira, S Chao… – Machine Learning and …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. CSG-Tag: CONSTRAINT BASED SYNCHRONOUS GRAMMAR TREE … [2] Müller, C., and Strube, M., “Mmax: A tool for the annotation of multi-modal corpora”, Proceedings of the 2nd IJCAI Workshop on Knowledge and Reasoning in Practical Dialogue Systems, pp. … Related articles – All 2 versions

GF: A Multilingual Grammar Formalism A Ranta – Language and Linguistics Compass, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … different languages. They are also a powerful tool for natural language engineering, used for applications ranging from a translator of mathematical exercises to a dialogue system usable for talking with devices in a car. As a … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Dynamic speech sharpening RA Kennewick, M Ke, M Tjalve… – US Patent 7,634,409, 2009 – Google Patents … Belvin, Robert, et al., “Development of the HRL Route Navigation Dialogue System”, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Human Language … 15,2009 Sheet 2 of 3 US 7,634,409 B2 Traditional Grammar Tree 210 Grammar Tree with Linking Element 220 Figure 2 … Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Knowledge-based flexible natural speech dialogue system J Sun, F Karray… – US Patent 7,386,449, 2008 – Google Patents … A 3Q conversation system with flexible aspects of dialogue moves control is commonly referred to as a “mixed-initiative” dialogue system. … A system that retains the interactive information between the user and 40 the system in the local grammar tree recently generated suffers … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[BOOK] Grammatical framework: programming with multilingual grammars [PDF] from chalmers.se A Ranta – 2011 – csmisc14.cs.chalmers.se … In general: any program, such as • answer a question • consult a database • dialogue system Page 41. Interoperability … Page 44. Two kinds of trees the sum of 2 and 3 is prime Maths application grammar tree: predicate and its arguments Prime (Sum (Num 2) (Num 3)) … Cited by 13 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 3 versions

Modular grammar engineering in GF [PDF] from psu.edu A Ranta – Research on Language & Computation, 2007 – Springer … Fig. 4 Multiple inheritance in a dialogue system concrete GeomEng of Geom = LogicEng ** { lin Intersect xy = {s = xs ++ “intersects” ++ ys} ; — etc } The structure of the resulting grammar is given in Fig. 2. 2.6 Hierarchies of Semantic Domains … Cited by 27 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 9 versions

Dynamic speech sharpening RA Kennewick, M Ke, M Tjalve… – US Patent 7,983,917, 2011 – Google Patents … 1999, pp. 2009-2013. Belvin, Robert, et al., “Development of the HRL Route Navigation Dialogue System”, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Human Language Teclmology Research, San Diego, 2001, pp. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Towards development of multilingual spoken dialogue systems [PDF] from kit.edu H Holzapfel – Proceedings of the 2nd Language and …, 2005 – isl.anthropomatik.kit.edu … This is done by comparing changes (as detected by a cvs or subversion3) in the grammar tree to the previ- ously stored version. … 8. Conclusion and Outlook We have presented our experiences with creating and maintaining multilingual dialogue systems. … Cited by 19 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[PDF] Automatic speech recognition for assistive technology devices [PDF] from icdvrat.org AP Harvey, RJ McCrindle, K Lundqvist… – 2010 – icdvrat.org … to return recognised utterances and provide a mechanism to ‘jump’ between branches in the finite state grammar tree (Figure 1 … transcription.com/ Patras (2010), Wire Communications Laboratory, http://www.wcl.ece.upatras.gr/ Patras (2010), A Dialogue System for Telephone … View as HTML

DYNAMIC SPEECH SHARPENING RA Kennewick, M Ke, M Tjalve… – US Patent App. 20,100/ …, 2009 – freepatentsonline.com … 20060100875, Method and system to parameterize dialog systems for the purpose of branding, May, 2006, Schmidt et al … Existing techniques focus on reducing the size of a grammar tree by removing command variants or criteria items, but this approach strips functionality from the … Cached

Method and apparatus for providing an integrated speech recognition and natural language understanding for a dialog system C Culy, DJ Israel, JF Arnold – US Patent 7,249,019, 2007 – Google Patents … This broad category covers sev- eral classes of grammar formalism: feature-based unification grammar, general rewrite grammar, tree adjoining grammar … 2 illustrates a block diagram of a speech recognition and natural language understanding dialog system of the 1° present … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

METHOD OF AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING ACCURACY IN A SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM J Kroeker… – US Patent App. 20,100/100,378, 2009 – freepatentsonline.com … Related US Applications: 20070136067, Audio dialogue system and voice browsing method, June, 2007, Scholl. 20070201636, SYSTEM, METHOD … phrase structures. A grammar tree may include a plurality of trees (or sub-trees). Generally … Cached

[PDF] Using regular tree grammars to optimise surface realisation [PDF] from loria.fr LH Perez – 2009 – loria.fr … As shown in [Schmitz and Le Roux, 2008], the derivation trees of a TAG are RTG (Regular Tree Grammar) trees and there exists a well defined translation of … Thus, in dialogue systems [Benotti, 2009] it is important that the system produces the same language that it understands. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

An SMS based querying system for mobile learning [PDF] from athabascau.ca D Wen, J Xiong, M Ally… – 2007 – auspace.athabascau.ca … Spoken Dialogue Systems. With this understanding, we build the dialogue process module based … Syntax analysis is defined to be the process to find the grammar tree for a tagged sentence, which is then combined with semantic analysis to support key w , an ribe n … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Application for a postdoctoral position at CLT Göteborg-Project description-Theme: An environment for grammar engineering supporting different linguistic … [PDF] from psu.edu Y Parmentier – 2007 – Citeseer … Indeed, the tree descriptions have to be solved in order to produce the grammar trees. For … languages, • theme 3 a (Dialogue systems, multilingual systems) via the use of deep semantic representations in dialogue systems. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

WEB-BASED SPEECH RECOGNITION WITH SCRIPTING AND SEMANTIC OBJECTS J Kroeker… – EP Patent 1,277,201, 2007 – freepatentsonline.com … phonetic stream data (202) to produce a set of semantic data, using a context-free rich semantic grammar database (RSG DB) (210) that includes a grammar tree (212), comprised … Speech commands are received by a dialogue system and converted into a semantic expression. … Related articles – Cached

A new Web-service-based architecture for question answering Z Chen… – … Engineering, 2005. IEEE NLP-KE’05. …, 2005 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Adding a new service function to traditional complex dialogue systems, which is based on a mixed initiative paradigm, for example Question Answering (QA) service for E- commerce … Syntax analysis is defined to be the process to find the grammar tree for tagged sentence. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Treebank-based acquisition of Chinese LFG Resources for Parsing and Generation [PDF] from dcu.ie Y Guo – 2009 – doras.dcu.ie Page 1. Treebank-Based Acquisition of Chinese LFG Resources for Parsing and Generation Yuqing Guo A dissertation submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy to the Dublin City University School of Computing … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Natural Language Generation for dialogue: system survey [PDF] from utwente.nl M Theune – 2003 – doc.utwente.nl … 38 11 Conclusion 39 ii Page 3. Introduction Many natural language dialogue systems make use of ‘canned text’ for output generation. … This report discusses some of the possibilities for the sophisticated genera- tion of system utterances in a dialogue system. … Cited by 12 – Related articles – All 12 versions

Dynamically Generating a Vocal Help Prompt in a Multimodal Application S Ativanichayaphong, CW Cross… – US Patent App. …, 2006 – freepatentsonline.com … Related US Applications: Dialog system and dialog control system Ushida et al. … The grammar elements form a tree structure, and non-terminal elements and terminal elements of a grammar are grammar elements represented as nodes in a grammar tree structure. … Cached

[PDF] State of the art on Semantic Question Answering [PDF] from drexel.edu V Lopez, E Motta, V Uren… – 2007 – cluster.cis.drexel.edu … with reasoning mechanisms, systems that deal with temporal reasoning, systems that fuse answers from different sources, interactive (dialog) systems and systems … in the system, it relies on the labels of the concepts and instances to generate appropriate grammar trees) and by … Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

A table look-up parser in online ILTS applications [PDF] from sunflare.co.jp L Chen, N Tokuda… – Computer Assisted Language …, 2005 – Taylor & Francis … a sentence in L1 to L2 in Azalea as a question (in L1) to an answer (in L2) process comprising a typical dialogue system, the need … For example, it is known that, to generate a grammar tree for a sentence with n terms, a general purpose probabilistic grammar parser requires O(n … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] A new template-template-enhanced ICALL system for a second language composition course [PDF] from sunflare.co.jp L Chen… – CALICO JOURNAL, 2003 – azalea.sunflare.co.jp … goals, and perhaps the ultimate goal, we want to achieve is to implement a human-like written and/or spoken dialogue system capable of … use an Apple-Pie parser (Sekine & Grishman, 1995) which chooses a combination that maxi- mizes the probability of the final grammar tree. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – BL Direct – All 7 versions

[PDF] Context-free grammar induction using evolutionary methods. [PDF] from wseas.us O Unold – WSEAS Transactions on Circuits and Systems, 2003 – wseas.us … Every structure represents a graph. The grammar-tree is a genotype and the PDMAS constructed in accordance with the tree’s instruction is a phenotype. … 185-193. [34] O. Unold, A Fuzzy Automaton Approach to Dialog Systems, Proc. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

A conversation acts model for generating spoken dialogue contributions [PDF] from att.com AJ Stent – Computer Speech & Language, 2002 – Elsevier … This generation system is based on conversation acts theory. It has been implemented in the TRIPS spoken dialogue system, and includes components that plan content, perform surface generation for different modalities, and coordinate output production. … Cited by 20 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 17 versions

A hierarchical tag-graph search scheme with layered grammar rules for spontaneous speech understanding [PDF] from ntnu.edu.tw B Lin, B Chen, H Wang… – Pattern recognition letters, 2002 – Elsevier … approach is described in Section 2, and the analyses and discussions in Section 3. The experimental results and an example dialogue system are given … to the layers that the tags are assigned to, all the grammar rules can then be used to construct a set of grammar trees for all … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] Stochastic Template-based Surface Realization-RPE Report [PDF] from psu.edu H Zhong – 2004 – Citeseer … They are largely used in real-time dialog systems, because they are usually fast and generation for dialog systems has historically been simpler than that for text [43]. … Mercury is a spoken dialog system that provides both voice-only and multi-modal interac- tion. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[CITATION] On the Robustness of Real-world Spoken Dialogue System HC Wang – 2003 Related articles – All 2 versions

Method and apparatus for providing an integrated speech recognition and natural language understanding for a dialog system C Culy, DJ Israel… – US Patent App. 20,040/ …, 2002 – freepatentsonline.com … This broad category covers several classes of grammar formalism: feature-based unification grammar, general rewrite grammar, tree adjoining grammar (TAG … 2 illustrates a block diagram of a speech recognition and natural language understanding dialog system of the present … Cached

[PDF] Domain action classification and argument parsing for interlingua-based spoken language translation [PDF] from cmu.edu CT Langley – 2003 – lti.cs.cmu.edu Page 1. Domain Action Classification and Argument Parsing for Interlingua-Based Spoken Language Translation Chad T. Langley October 2003 Language Technologies Institute School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions