Question Processing Module


Question Processing Module
See also: Modules


Study of Ontology-Based Intelligent Question Answering Model for Online Learning Z Zhang… – … Science and Engineering (ICISE), 2009 1st …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Query generator, through a two-tier module (simple question processing module, the complex question processing module), produce the converted SPARQL query. Finally, through the knowledge query agent access to the target user’s query. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Complex question answering with ASQA at NTCIR 7 ACLIA [PDF] from nii.ac.jpYH Lee, CW Lee, CL Sung, MT Tzou, CC Wang… – Entropy, 2008 – research.nii.ac.jp … answer ranking, and redundancy removal. Questions are first analyzed by the question processing module to extract the keywords and question topic, which are then used to retrieve documents from the corpus. In the next step …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Interfacing virtual agents with collaborative knowledge: Open domain question answering using wikipedia-based topic models [PDF] from unsw.edu.auU Waltinger, A Breuing… – Proceedings of the International …, 2011 – aaai.org … an- swer using speech synthesis. In the following we describe the processing stages of the system. 3.1 Question Processing At first, the question processing module is activated. All incoming natural language queries (questions …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Question processing and clustering in INDOC: A biomedical question answering system [PDF] from hindawi.comP Sondhi, P Raj, VV Kumar… – EURASIP Journal on …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … At runtime, the query from the user is processed by the question processing module recognizing the difference in significance of different parts of the query, and the ranking module ranks the documents by assigning weights on the basis of their rel- evance to the question. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 13 versions

Metagnostic deductive question answering with explanation from texts J Kontos, J Armaos… – Universal Access in Human-Computer …, 2011 – Springer … The six modules are: the question processing module, the text pre-processing module, the ontology extraction module, the shallow parsing or text chunking module, the question answering module and the metagnostic processing module. …  Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] A new model for question answering systems [PDF] from waset.orgM Kangavari, S Ghandchi… – Proceedings of World Academy …, 2008 – waset.org … Question processing module plays an important role in QA systems. … This process continuous until there aren’t any other answers, then the systems asks for additional information from user and will send those information or new question to question processing module. …  Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Study on question-answering system based on Meta search engine F Li, H Kang, Y Zhang… – Computer Application and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … V3-354 Page 2. 2010 International Conference on Computer Application and System Modeling (ICCASM 2010) question processing module includes: word segmentation, Stop-words removing, question classification and keyword expansion. …  Related articles

Monolingual and Cross-Lingual QA Using AliQAn and BRILI Systems for CLEF 2006 [PDF] from clef-campaign.orgS Ferrandez, P Lopez-Moreno, S Roger… – … of Multilingual and …, 2007 – Springer … The fundamental characteristic of BRILI is the strategy used for the question processing module in which the Inter Lingual Index (ILI) Module of EuroWordNet (EWN) is used with the aim of reducing the negative effect of question translation on the overall accuracy. …  Cited by 16 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Combining semantic information in question answering systems P Moreda, H Llorens, E Saquete… – Information Processing & …, 2011 – Elsevier … With the main purpose of improving NE QA systems, other authors, such as Pasca and Harabagiu (2001) proposed using WordNet to inform all three steps of QA processing: (i) in the question processing module, using a taxonomy of answer types that incorporates WordNet …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Iitd-ibmirl system for question answering using pattern matching, semantic type and semantic category recognition [PDF] from nist.govAK Saxena, GV Sambhu, LV Subramaniam… – Proceedings of the …, 2007 – trec.nist.gov … 2.1 Question Processing Module … Figure 1 illustrates this module. 2.2 Answer Retrieval Module This module takes as input the keywords along with keyword significance scores and expected an- swer type all produced by the Question Processing Module. …  Cited by 9 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Educational question answering based on social media content [PDF] from tu-darmstadt.deI Gurevych, D Bernhard, K Ignatova… – Proceedings of the …, 2009 – ukp.tu-darmstadt.de … social Q&A sites. We find out that adding elaborate question focus detection techniques to the question processing module is an essential pre-requisite for effective answer re- trieval from social media content. Finally, automatic …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 15 versions

METHOD FOR PROCESSING NATURAL LANGUAGE QUESTIONS AND APPARATUS THEREOF DA Ferrucci, MA Li, Y Pan, ZM Qiu… – US Patent App. 12/ …, 2010 – Google Patents … [0007] FIG. 1 illustrates a general architecture of existing QA systems. As shown in FIG. 1, a general QA system includes a question processing module 101, a document/ passage retrieval module 103, and an answer processing mod- ule 105. …  All 2 versions

The impact of frame semantic annotation levels, frame-alignment techniques, and fusion methods on factoid answer processing B Ofoghi, J Yearwood… – Journal of the American Society …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … The pipelined architecture of our implemented experimental QA system is shown in Figure 2. In the Question-Processing module, a question is analyzed and its Expected Answer Type (EAT) and informative keywords are extracted to assist the Information-Retrieval and Answer …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] UCD IIRG at TAC 2010 KBP Slot Filling Task [PDF] from nist.govL Byrne… – Third Text Analysis Conference (TAC 2010), 2010 – nist.gov … 2.1 Question Processing The Question Processing module of a QA system iden- tifies the type of information the question is looking for and determines any information needed for subsequent modules. Most QA systems perform some form of Ques- tion Classification. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML

Answering definitional question by dependency-based knowledge J Cao… – … and Knowledge Engineering, 2008. NLP-KE …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … (1) Question Preprocessing. To answer a definitional question, we first input the question into the Question Processing module. Target term and target type are then identified as input for Document Processing. (2) Document Processing. …  Related articles

Parallelization Issues of Domain Specific Question Answering System on Cell BE Processors T Kumar, A Mittal… – Contemporary Computing, 2009 – Springer … System 413 prepared. At run time, when the user submits a query, the question processing module recognizes the keywords of question and finds the UMLS concepts cor- responding to these keywords from MMTX server. The …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Question answering from structured knowledge sources [PDF] from gate.ac.ukA Frank, HU Krieger, F Xu, H Uszkoreit… – Journal of Applied …, 2007 – Elsevier Cited by 49 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] LCC’s GISTexter at DUC 2007: Machine reading for update summarization [PDF] from nist.govA Hickl, K Roberts… – Proc. of DUC, 2007 – duc.nist.gov … step process. First, questions are submitted to a Question Processing module, which performs syntactic and semantic question decomposition of the complex questions created for each summarization topic. Second, subquestions …  Cited by 16 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

Satisfying information needs with multi-document summaries [PDF] from languagecomputer.comS Harabagiu, A Hickl… – Information Processing & Management, 2007 – Elsevier … View Within Article. GISTexter begins the process of QDS by submitting complex questions to a Question Processing Module, which employs three different types of question decomposition techniques in order to represent the types of information sought by a question. …  Cited by 25 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[BOOK] Advances in open domain question answering [PDF] from mercubuana.ac.idT Strzalkowski… – 2006 – books.google.com … IR and IE techniques. Modern automatic QA systems normally consist of three separate components: a question processing module, a document processing module, and an answer extraction module. In question processing …  Cited by 31 – Related articles – Library Search – All 19 versions

What is not in the bag of words for why-qa? [PDF] from aclweb.orgS Verberne, L Boves, N Oostdijk… – Computational Linguistics, 2010 – MIT Press … In the current article, we propose a three-step setup for a why-QA system: (1) a question-processing module that transforms the input question to a query; (2) an off- the-shelf retrieval module that retrieves and ranks passages of text that share content …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 25 versions

Semantic Retrieval System Based on Corn Ontology H Qi, L Zhang… – Frontier of Computer Science and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The system consists of four main modules: Ontology building module, User question processing module, Document information preprocessing module and Query semantic expansion module. Figure 4 presents the architecture of the semantic retrieval system. …  Related articles – All 4 versions

Boosting Chinese question answering with two lightweight methods: ABSPs and SCO-QAT [PDF] from sinica.edu.twCW Lee, MY Day, CL Sung, YH Lee… – ACM Transactions on …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … both cases. The architecture of ASQA consists of five modules as shown in Figure 1. Questions are first analyzed by the question processing module to get keywords, named entities (NEs), and the question type. Then, queries …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 11 versions

Customer request management method, device and computer product R Matsukura, K Matsui, T Ikeya, S Fujimoto… – US Patent …, 2009 – Google Patents … 15, 2009 Sheet 14 of 19 14 Question DB Question- recording module Wait-time computing module 3iT .-1″ Points admin, module 15 Sequence- admin, module 11 Question- processing module Mail server •*-*¦ Notification module Web server 8 Question admin, server Web …  Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Information Integration using Entity-Relations across Bioinformatics Sources [PDF] from psu.eduB Schatz, G Robinson, D Roth, A Doan… – gene, 2008 – Citeseer … Integration: This module is responsible for integrating all kinds of entities and relations and resolving any semantic ambiguities to generate a unified data graph representation of semantic information, which will be further used by the question processing module to make …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] A temporally-enhanced PowerAnswer in TREC 2006 [PDF] from unipi.itD Moldovan, M Bowden… – Text Retrieval Conference ( …, 2006 – mailserver.di.unipi.it … Complex targets such as Pakistani government over- thrown in 1999 and cloning of mammals (from adult cells) require better precision from PowerAnswer’s question processing module to determine the relation between the target and the information being sought in the …  Cited by 29 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] Question answering with LCC’s CHAUCER at TREC 2006 [PDF] from unipi.itS Harabagiu, A Hickl, J Williams, J Bensley… – Proc. …, 2006 – mailserver.di.unipi.it … a given tar- get. Question Processing Once a set of predictive questions have been generated for a target, CHAUCER sends each question in a question series to a QUESTION PROCESSING module. Questions are ini- tially …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Cross-lingual question answering using inter lingual index module of eurowordnet S Ferrández… – Advances in Natural Language Processing. …, 2006 – cicling.org … Evaluation Forum (CLEF). We describe the extensions to our monolingual QA system that are required, especially the language identification module and the strat- egy used for the question processing module. The Inter Lingual …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

Corpus-based semantic role approach in information retrieval P Moreda, B Navarro… – Data & Knowledge Engineering, 2007 – Elsevier … Evaluation 5. IR system extended with SemRol 5.1. IR system IR-n 5.2. The extension 5.2.1. Question processing module 5.2.2. Sentence processing module 5.3. Semantic module 6. Conclusions and work in progress References Vitae. 1. Introduction. …  Cited by 19 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Using semantic relations with world knowledge for question answering [PDF] from unipi.itKK Lo… – Proceedings of the Fifteenth Text REtrieval …, 2006 – mailserver.di.unipi.it … 2.7 List Question Processing The list question processing module uses the same an- swer extraction as the normal factoid questions, ie using different phases such as question preprocessing, query expansion, candidate answer sentences processing and answer extraction …  Cited by 11 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

I-MINDS: A Multiagent System for Intelligent Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning and Classroom Management [PDF] from unl.eduLK Soh, N Khandaker… – International Journal of Artificial …, 2008 – IOS Press … 125 Fig.2. Conceptual modules of an I-MINDS teacher agent. Question ranking (Namala, 2004) is a key capability of the Question Processing module shown in Figure 2 that allows the teacher agent to manage large or distance classrooms for the instructor. …  Cited by 12 – Related articles – All 12 versions

An intelligent discussion-bot for answering student queries in threaded discussions [PDF] from psu.eduD Feng, E Shaw, J Kim… – … of the 11th international conference on …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … the post. Traditional question answering systems in the natural language community usually apply a question-processing module to determine an answer type and extract query terms for the search engine [eg 7, 8, 11, 14]. The …  Cited by 44 – Related articles – All 12 versions

[PDF] FDUQA on TREC2005 QA Track [PDF] from psu.eduL Wu, X Huang, Y Zhou, Z Zhang… – system, 2005 – Citeseer … Page 5. question is illustrated in figure 2. First, the question is approached by factoid question processing module (we use the Web-based factoid QA system as described in section 2), and top 10 candidate answers are used as seeds for list question processing module. …  Cited by 21 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 15 versions

[PDF] ASQA: Academia sinica question answering system for NTCIR-5 CLQA [PDF] from sinica.edu.twCW Lee12, CW Shih, MY Day, TH Tsai, TJ Jiang… – 2005 – qa.iis.sinica.edu.tw … Finally, we present our conclusions in Section 4. 2. System Description Our system is comprised of four main components, as shown in Figure 1. Questions are first analyzed by the Question Processing module, and queries are constructed for Passage Retrieval. …  Cited by 20 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

[PDF] Question Parsing for QA in Spanish [PDF] from bas.bgI Gayo – Student Research Workshop, 2011 – lml.bas.bg … analysis in a QA con- text, SpQA (Spanish Parser for QA). SpQA is a parser focused on question analysis, designed to be used in the question processing module of a QA system. As a result, it is thought to deal with the special …  View as HTML

Learning to rank for why-question answering [PDF] from ruhosting.nlS Verberne, H van Halteren, D Theijssen… – Information …, 2011 – Springer … et al. 2008). 3.2 System set-up Our system consists of three modules that are run in sequence: 1. A question processing module that transforms the input question to a query by removing stop words and punctuation. 2. An off …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 12 versions

[PDF] Question classification for email [PDF] from aclweb.orgR Cotterill – Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on …, 2011 – aclweb.org … The framework is designed to be extensible, which makes it a good candidate for further work. However, the results presented in this section deal only with the output of the QA-SYS default question processing module as supplied with QANUS v26Jan2010. …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Exploring rich evidence for maximum entropy-based question answering [PDF] from uni-saarland.deD Shen – 2008 – scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de … gorithm exploration, architecture design to module implementation. I mainly put efforts on the modules including question processing module, sentence annotation module, answer extraction module and answer validation module. Page 23. 7 1.4 Guide to The Thesis …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

A computer-supported cooperative learning system with multiagent intelligence [PDF] from sc.eduLK Soh, N Khandaker, X Liu… – Proceedings of the fifth …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … each student. 4.1 Question Ranking Question ranking is a key feature of the Question Processing module shown in Figure 2 that allows the teacher agent to manage large or distance classrooms for the instructor. When questions …  Cited by 28 – Related articles – All 10 versions

INFORMATION SEARCH SYSTEM, METHOD, AND PROGRAM, AND INFORMATION SEARCH SERVICE PROVIDING METHOD Y Kiyota… – US Patent App. 12/672,775, 2008 – Google Patents Page 1. <19) United States IJS201lO2l3796A1 <12) Patent Application Publication <10) Pub. No.: US 2011/0213796 A1 Kiyota et al. (43) Pub. Date: Sep. 1, 2011 (54) INFORMATION SEARCH SYSTEM, METHOD, AND PROGRAM …  All 2 versions

Improving QA accuracy by question inversion [PDF] from upenn.eduJ Prager, P Duboue… – … and the 44th annual meeting of …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … identifies about a hundred types. Any of these can be answer types, and there are corresponding sets of patterns in the QUESTION PROCESSING module to determine the answer type sought by any question. When we wish to …  Cited by 8 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 15 versions

An Intelligent Discussion-Bot for Guiding Student Interactions in Threaded Discussions [PDF] from aaaipress.orgJ Kim, E Shaw, G Chern… – AAAI Spring Symposium on Interaction …, 2007 – aaai.org … Traditional question answering systems in the natural language community usually apply a question-processing module to determine an answer type and extract query terms for the search engine (eg Hermjakob et al., 2000; Hovy et al., 2000; Moldovan et al., 2000; Pasca and …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 13 versions

[PDF] BRILI, a Cross-Lingual Question Answering System based on ILI to reduce the Negative Effect of Machine Translation [PDF] from lodz.plS Ferrández, A Ferrández, S Roger… – Journal of Applied …, 2007 – edu.ics.p.lodz.pl … Some new characteristics in BRILI are described, especially the strategy used for the question processing module in which the Inter Lingual Index (ILI) Module of EuroWordNet is used with the aim of reducing the negative effect of question translation on the overall accuracy . …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Enhancing factoid question answering using frame semantic-based approaches [PDF] from ballarat.edu.auB Ofoghi – 2009 – researchonline.ballarat.edu.au … 59 3.5 The pipelined architecture of our experimental QA system . . . . . 62 3.6 The question processing module takes three major steps . . . . . 64 3.7 The flexible setting of the answer processing module . . . . . …  Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 5 versions

Exploring syntactic relation patterns for question answering [PDF] from aclweb.orgD Shen, GJ Kruijff… – Natural Language Processing-IJCNLP …, 2005 – Springer … In this section, we will discuss how to extract the syntactic relation patterns. Firstly, we briefly introduce the question processing module which provides some necessary information to the answer extraction module. … 3.1 Question Processing Module …  Cited by 20 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 18 versions

TETEYEQ: Amharic Question Answering For Factoid Questions SM Yimam… – IE-IR-LRL, 2009 – isca-speech.org … The question processing module accepts the user’s question and performs tasks such as question type determination, question focus (important terms about the question) identification, and expected answer type determination. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Lcc’s gistexter at duc 2006: Multi-strategy multi-document summarization [PDF] from nist.govF Lacatusu, A Hickl, K Roberts, Y Shi… – … of DUC’06, 2006 – www-nlpir.nist.gov … 2.1 Question Processing Questions submitted to GISTEXTER are sent to a Question Processing module, which uses three dif- ferent question decomposition strategies in order to represent the information need of a question. …  Cited by 14 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

[PDF] UNT 2005 TREC QA Participation: Using Lemur as IR Search Engine [PDF] from unipi.itJ Chen, P Yu… – … (TREC 2005). Available at: http://trec. nist …, 2006 – mailserver.di.unipi.it … Page 6. Online Proceedings of 2005 Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) year’s test questions was applied by the Question Processing module to process List questions; • UNTQA0503. This run used the results from the new Web QA module. …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Using scenario knowledge in automatic question answering [PDF] from upenn.eduS Harabagiu… – Proceedings of the Workshop on Task-Focused …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … ways. First, the keywords extracted by the Question Processing module can be enhanced with concepts from the topic signatures to produce a ranked list of paragraphs, resulting from the Pas- sage Retrieval Module. These …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 19 versions

[PDF] Chinese-Chinese and English-Chinese question answering with ASQA at NTCIR-6 CLQA [PDF] from tku.edu.twCW Lee, MY Day, CL Sung, YH Lee… – Proceedings of NII- …, 2007 – mail.im.tku.edu.tw … Details of our three innovations are given in Section 3. 2.1. Chinese-Chinese QA To deal with Chinese-Chinese QA (CC QA), a question is first analyzed by the Chinese Question Processing module to obtain question types, keywords, QFocus, and NEs. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

Language modeling approaches to question answering [PDF] from drexel.eduP Banerjee – 2009 – dspace.library.drexel.edu Page 1. Language Modeling Approaches to Question Answering A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of Drexel University by Protima Banerjee in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy July 2009 Page 2. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search – All 11 versions

[PDF] Learning to rank QA data [PDF] from ruhosting.nlS Verberne, H van Halteren… – Proceedings of the …, 2009 – sverberne.ruhosting.nl … Thus, our data collections consists of 186 why- questions. 3.2 System set-up Our system consists of three modules that are run in se- quence: (1) A question processing module that transforms the in- put question to a query by removing stop words and punc- tuation. …  Cited by 8 – View as HTML

Answering definition questions using web knowledge bases [PDF] from aclweb.orgZ Zhang, Y Zhou, X Huang… – Natural Language Processing- …, 2005 – Springer … The process of answering a definition question is briefly described as follows. Page 3. 500 Z. Zhang et al. Firstly, a definition question is input, and the question processing module identifies the question target from this question. …  Cited by 15 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 12 versions

Retrieving questions and answers in community-based question answering services [PDF] from 137.132.14.55W KAI – 2010 – 137.132.14.55 Page 1. RETRIEVING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS IN COMMUNITY-BASED QUESTION ANSWERING SERVICES KAI WANG (B.ENG, NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY) A THESIS SUBMITTED FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY …  Related articles – All 3 versions

Applying semantic analysis to finding similar questions in community question answering systems [PDF] from 137.132.14.55N LE NGUYEN – 2010 – 137.132.14.55 … In general, the current architecture of traditional QA systems typically include two modules (Roth et al., 2001): – Question processing module with two components. (i) Question classifi- cation that classifies the type of question and answer. (ii) Question for- …  Related articles – All 6 versions

The DIOGENE question answering system at CLEF-2004 [PDF] from cnr.itH Tanev, M Negri, B Magnini… – … Information Access for Text, …, 2005 – Springer … The Question processing module has five basic stages: question pre-processing (part- of-speech tagging, multiword recognition); answer type identification which defines what the question is about: person, location, date, definition, etc.; keyword extraction from the question …  Cited by 11 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 10 versions

Knowledge Auction System and Method D Shin – US Patent App. 12/159,317, 2007 – Google Patents … knowledge information, including the question information and the answer information, to viewer clients for searching and view- ing the knowledge, the knowledge trading system including a knowledge processing unit, including a question processing module for receiving and …  All 2 versions

[PDF] Advanced Techniques for Personalized, Interactive Question Answering [PDF] from york.ac.ukS Quarteroni – 2007 – pisa.cs.york.ac.uk Page 1. Advanced Techniques For Personalized, Interactive Question Answering SILVIA QUARTERONI PH. D. THESIS THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK – Department of Computer Science York, YO10 5DD – UNITED KINGDOM September 30th, 2007 Page 2. Abstract …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 7 versions

[PDF] BRILI, an English-Spanish Cross-Lingual Question Answering System [PDF] from mt-archive.infoS Ferrández, A Ferrández, S Roger… – Proceedings of the …, 2006 – mt-archive.info … Some new characteris- tics in BRILI are described, especially the strategy used for the question processing module in which the Inter Lingual Index (ILI) Module of EuroWordNet (EWN) is used with the aim of reducing the negative effect of question translation on the overall …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Some Advanced Features Of Cc’s Poweranswer D Moldovan, M Pasca… – Advances in Open Domain …, 2006 – Springer Page 1. D. MOLDOVAN, M. PASCA AND M. SURDEANU SOME ADVANCED FEATURES OF LCC’S POWERANSWER Abstract: Key factors determining the accuracy and usefulness of a question answering system span across …  Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Experiments and Analysis of LCC’s two QA Systems over TREC 2004 [PDF] from utdallas.eduD Moldovan, S Harabagiu, C Clark… – Proceedings of The …, 2004 – hlt.utdallas.edu Page 1. Experiments and Analysis of LCC’s two QA Systems over TREC 2004 Dan Moldovan, Sanda Harabagiu, Christine Clark, Mitchell Bowden, John Lehmann and John Williams Language Computer Corporation Richardson …  Cited by 22 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] Chinese QA and CLQA: NTCIR-5 QA experiments at UNT [PDF] from nii.ac.jpJ Chen, R Li, P Yu, H Ge, P Chin… – Proceedings of NTCIR- …, 2005 – research.nii.ac.jp … 3.1 Question Processing The Question Processing module performs three processes: Question Translation, Answer Type Identification, and Keyword Identification. … Then they were processed by the Question Processing module to specify answer types and keyword lists. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[PDF] Using minimal recursion semantics in Japanese question answering [PDF] from dridan.comR Dridan – 2006 – dridan.com … The main contribution of the question processing module is to identify the question type (who, when, where,…) and the Expected Answer Type (EAT) which predicts the type … Question Processing The question processing module extracts useful information from a given question. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 8 versions

[PDF] Answer mining by combining extraction techniques with abductive reasoning [PDF] from nist.govS Harabagiu, D Moldovan, C Clark… – Proceedings of …, 2003 – trec.nist.gov … The a rc h it e ctur e o f t he QA sys t em The architecture of LCC’s QA system is illustrated in Figure 1. It is to be noted that the question processing module is identical for factoid and list questions, but different for definition questions. …  Cited by 81 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] Selecting features for semantic roles in QA systems [PDF] from uni-hamburg.deP Moreda, M Palomar – Proceedings …, 2005 – nats-www.informatik.uni-hamburg.de … SemRol Semantic module Figure 1: Architecture of a QA system based on Semantic Roles (SemRol method). consists of four modules: Information Retrieval (IR) module, question processing module, sen- tence processing module and semantic module (Moreda et al. 05). …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML

Improving effectiveness of dialogue in learning communities: a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Ph. D. in Information Systems … [PDF] from massey.ac.nzJ Yang – 2009 – mro.massey.ac.nz Page 1. Copyright is owned by the Author of the thesis. Permission is given for a copy to be downloaded by an individual for the purpose of research and private study only. The thesis may not be reproduced elsewhere without the permission of the Author. Page 2. …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Soft matching for question answering [PDF] from nus.eduH Cui – 2006 – scholarbank.nus.edu … information seeking process (Harabagiu, Maiorano, and Pasca, 2003): 1. Question Processing – The question processing module captures the se- … questions, I will not discuss the question processing module and the answer pro- cessing module. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 12 versions

Cole experiments at qa@ clef 2004 spanish monolingual track E Díaz, J Ferro… – Multilingual Information Access for Text, Speech …, 2005 – Springer … However, we find the design architecture is good enough. Regarding the modules, further experimentation with the question processing module has shown that our approach works well, but new improvements are desirable. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 2 versions

Automatic discovery of intentions in text and its application to question answering [PDF] from upenn.eduM Tatu – Proceedings of the ACL Student Research Workshop, 2005 – dl.acm.org Page 1. Proceedings of the ACL Student Research Workshop, pages 31-36, Ann Arbor, Michigan, June 2005. cO2005 Association for Computational Linguistics Automatic Discovery of Intentions in Text and its Application to Question Answering …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 28 versions

[PDF] Reformulations of Finnish questions for question answering [PDF] from uef.fiL Aunimo… – NODALIDA2005, 2005 – epublications.uef.fi … formula- tion module (Harabagiu and Moldovan, 2003). One of the most important tasks of the question processing module is to determine the expected answer type of the question. Text based QA systems have been systemat …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

Answer extraction for simple and complex questions [PDF] from uleth.caSR Joty – 2008 – uleth.ca Page 1. ANSWER EXTRACTION FOR SIMPLE AND COMPLEX QUESTIONS SHAFIQ RAYHAN JOTY Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Information Technology Islamic University of Technology (Bangladesh), 2005 …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search – All 4 versions

IR-n: A passage retrieval system at CLEF-2001 F Llopis… – Evaluation of Cross-Language Information Retrieval …, 2002 – Springer … Dictionaries Relevant Documents RETRIEVAL MODULE INDEXING MODULE Sentence Detector Questions QUESTION PROCESSING MODULE Sentence Detector Translator Question Expansion WordNet Commercial Translator Documents Fig. 1. System architecture …  Cited by 27 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 7 versions

[PDF] University of Alicante at TREC-10 [PDF] from ua.esJL Vicedo, F Vicedo, A Fernando… – NIST SPECIAL …, 2002 – dlsi.ua.es … In this paper, only the resolution of third person pronouns has been applied. 2.2. Question Analysis Question processing module accomplishes several tasks. First, SUPAR system accomplishes part-of-speech tagging and parsing of the question. …  Cited by 15 – Related articles – View as HTML – BL Direct – All 15 versions

[PDF] Natural Language Interfaces to Conceptual Models [PDF] from gate.ac.ukDD Damljanovic – 2011 – gate.ac.uk Page 1. Danica D. Damljanovic Natural Language Interfaces to Conceptual Models Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at The University of Sheffield Department of Computer Science July 2011 Page 2. Page 3. Abstract …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] ??????????????? [PDF] from ia.ac.cn???, ???, ??, ???… – ?????????????? …, 2009 – nlpr.ia.ac.cn … semantic. We describe how to leverage the domain specific semantic in the data preprocessing module, question processing module and answer extraction module to enhance the performance of question answering system. …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Natural language question answering system and method utilizing multi-modal logic DI Moldovan… – US Patent App. 11/246,621, 2005 – Google Patents … The question answering module 48 takes as input a natural language user query 56 which goes into a question processing module 112, the question processing module 112 selects from the natural language user query select words that it considers important in order to answer … 

Natural language question answering system and method utilizing multi-modal logic DI Moldovan… – US Patent App. 20,060/053,000, 2005 – freepatentsonline.com … The question answering module 48 takes as input a natural language user query 56 which goes into a question processing module 112 , the question processing module 112 selects from the natural language user query select words that it considers important in order to …  Cached

[PDF] PROBABILISTIC RELAXED UNIFICATION FORMALISM AND [PDF] from abou-assaleh.netT Abou-Assaleh – 2008 – tony.abou-assaleh.net Page 1. PROBABILISTIC RELAXED UNIFICATION FORMALISM AND ITS APPLICATION IN QUESTION ANSWERING by Tony Abou-Assaleh Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at …  Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] A Quick Introduction to Question Answering [PDF] from 150.229.98.48A Lampert – 2004 – 150.229.98.48 … Question Processing Module Given a natural language question as input, the overall function of the question processing module is to process and analyse the question, and to create some representation of the information requested. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

[PDF] An answer-updating approach to novelty detection [PDF] from umass.eduX Li… – CIIR Technical Repo~, IR ?, 2004 – maroo.cs.umass.edu … The answer updating system has three main components: question processing module, sentence retrieval module and new answer detection module (Figure 1). In the question processing module, a question is classified and the type of answer that this question expects is …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Learning to identify single-snippet answers to definition questions [PDF] from upenn.eduS Miliaraki… – … of the 20th international conference on …, 2004 – dl.acm.org … a larger attribute set. We assume that a question processing module that separates definition from other types of questions is available, and that in each definition question it also identifies the term to be defined. When such a …  Cited by 35 – Related articles – All 23 versions

Natural language question answering system and method utilizing a logic prover DI Moldovan… – US Patent App. 10/843,178, 2004 – Google Patents Page 1. US 20050256700A1 (19) United States (12) Patent Application Publication (io) Pub. No.: US 2005/0256700 Al Moldovan et al. (43) Pub. Date: Nov. 17,2005 (54) NATURAL LANGUAGE QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Novelty Detection via Answer Updating [PDF] from dtic.milX Li – 2004 – DTIC Document … The answer updating system has three main components: question processing module, sentence retrieval module and new answer detection module (Figure 1). In the question processing module, a question is classified and the type of answer that this question expects is …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search – All 2 versions

[PDF] ANSWER LOCALIZATION SYSTEM USING DISCOURSE EVALUATION [PDF] from metu.edu.trM SUALP – 2004 – etd.lib.metu.edu.tr … Although Question Answering Systems vary this much, they have more or less the same architectural backbone: a Question Processing Module, a Document Processing Module … The Question Processing Module is for determining the expected answer type of the given question. …  Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] University of Alicante Experiments at TREC 2002 [PDF] from psu.eduJL Vicedo, F Llopis… – NIST SPECIAL PUBLICATION SP, 2003 – Citeseer … 2.1. Question Analysis Question processing module accomplishes several tasks. First, questions are part-of-speech tagged and parsed. This process allows identifying simple noun and verbal phrases (concepts) in the query. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 15 versions

Service-provision sequence-changing method, device, and computer product R Matsukura, K Matsui, T Ikeya… – US Patent App. …, 2003 – freepatentsonline.com … [0061] The question administration server 1 includes a mail server 11 , a question-registering module 12 , a sequence-administration module 13 , a question database (DB) 14 , a points administration module 15 , a question-processing module 16 , a Web server 17 , and a …  Cached

[PDF] In Search of the Why [PDF] from ru.nlS Verberne – 2010 – lands.let.ru.nl Page 1. In Search of the Why Developing a system for answering why-questions Suzan Verberne Page 2. ISBN/EAN: 978-90-9025079-3 Cover photo: Gerard van der Laan, http://www.flickr.com/photos/one96five/, Creative Commons …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] A syntactic candidate ranking method for answering non-copulative questions [PDF] from concordia.caAK Lamjiri – 2007 – users.encs.concordia.ca Page 1. A SYNTACTIC CANDIDATE RANKING METHOD FOR ANSWERING NON-COPULATIVE QUESTIONS Abolfazl Keighobadi Lamjiri A thesis in The Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements …  Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 4 versions

Point and Paste Question Answering [PDF] from aaaipress.orgSM Harabagiu, F Lacatusu… – Proceedings of the 2002 AAAI …, 2002 – aaai.org … Instead of capturing the semantics of the question by clas- sifying against the question stem (eg what, who or how), the question processing module identifies the topic indicated by the question. Topic identification is performed by first ex- …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Cooperation between black box and glass box approaches for the evaluation of a question answering system [PDF] from ffzg.hrM Hurault-Plantet… – LREC2002, 2002 – hnk.ffzg.hr … Each of these modules includes a number of processes (see Figure 1). 2.1.1. Question processing module This module includes a question analysis process and a term extractor. The term extractor is based on syntactic patterns which describe compound nouns. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

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