MIT START (Natural Language Question Answering System)


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Question Answering Systems


Natural Language Annotations for Question Answering. B Katz, GC Borchardt, S Felshin – FLAIRS Conference, 2006 – aaai.org … information access system. 1. Introduction START [Katz, 1997; Katz, 1990] is a publicly-accessible information access system that has been available for use on the Internet since 1993 (http://start.csail.mit.edu/). START answers natural … Cited by 34 Related articles All 10 versions

Seeking a new biology through text mining A Rzhetsky, M Seringhaus, M Gerstein – Cell, 2008 – Elsevier … Perhaps the first operational question-answer system was START, designed and launched at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1993 (http://start.csail.mit.edu/). START remains operational today and serves as a general encyclopedia (try it!). … Cited by 62 Related articles All 12 versions

Answering the question you wish they had asked: The impact of paraphrasing for question answering PA Duboue, J Chu-Carroll – … of the NAACL, Companion Volume: Short …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … 1http://www.languagecomputer.com/demos 2http://start.csail.mit.edu 3http://www.answerbus. com 4http://www.ask.com 33 Page 2. (A) What toxins are most hazardous to expectant mothers? en?it Che tossine sono più peri- colose alle donne incinte? … Cited by 32 Related articles All 6 versions

Syntactic and semantic decomposition strategies for question answering from multiple resources B Katz, G Borchardt, S Felshin – Proceedings of the AAAI 2005 workshop …, 2005 – aaai.org … organization. In the meantime, syntactic decomposition has been incorporated into our public Web server (available at http://start.csail.mit.edu/) and as such has been tested by thousands of people around the world. Semantic … Cited by 43 Related articles All 11 versions

External Knowledge Sources for Question Answering. B Katz, G Marton, GC Borchardt, A Brownell, S Felshin… – TREC, 2005 – researchgate.net … Fernandes, 2004). We also rank snippets from IR using a tf*idf-based score which heavily favors matching targets. Finally, we use a keyword-based novelty score to select the best 3http://start.csail.mit.edu/ Page 2. answers. This … Cited by 38 Related articles All 10 versions

AskHERMES: An online question answering system for complex clinical questions YG Cao, F Liu, P Simpson, L Antieau, A Bennett… – Journal of biomedical …, 2011 – Elsevier … EAGLi (http://eagl.unige.ch/EAGLi/), Genomics domain, Returns MEDLINE documents in response to an ad hoc genomics question. Start (http://start.csail.mit.edu/), Open domain, Returns a short phrase in response to a factoid question. … Cited by 38 Related articles All 12 versions

Health conversational system based on contextual matching of community-driven question-answer pairs W Wong, J Thangarajah, L Padgham – Proceedings of the 20th ACM …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … 2 http://alice.pandorabots.com/ 3 http://www.itu.int/net/pressoffice/press_ releases/2010/ 39.aspx 4 http://www.hon.ch/QA 5 http://start.csail.mit.edu Figure 1: The results of searching the Web for in- formation about treatments for cuts using Google. … Cited by 6 Related articles All 5 versions

Answering English questions using foreign-language, semi-structured sources B Katz, G Borchardt, S Felshin, Y Shen… – … , 2007. ICSC 2007. …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … are accessed remotely through the Internet or hosted locally. These sources contain structured, semi-structured and unstructured information. 1 http://start.csail.mit.edu/ As originally configured during the initial stages of its development … Cited by 5 Related articles All 10 versions

Harnessing language in mobile environments B Katz, G Borchardt, S Felshin… – … Computing, 2007. ICSC …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Providing a foundation for this work is MIT’s START information access system. START has been in development for approximately 20 years and, in its most general application, is available as a public server on the World Wide Web at http://start.csail.mit.edu/. … Cited by 6 Related articles All 8 versions

From science fiction to science fact: a smart-house interface using speech technology and a photo-realistic avatar GL Filho, TJ Moir – International Journal of Computer Applications in …, 2010 – Inderscience … 41, pp.401–407. Yerrapragada, C. and Fisher, PS (1993) ‘Voice controlled smart- house’, IEEE 1993 International Conference on Consumer Electronics, pp.154–155. Websites http://alicebot.blogspot.com/ http://start.csail.mit.edu/ Cited by 4 Related articles All 5 versions

Analysis of errors in the automatic translation of questions for translingual QA systems MD Olvera-Lobo… – Journal of Documentation, 2010 – emeraldinsight.com … the QA systems that use diverse information sources to elaborate the response (anywhere from dictionaries and structured databases to Wikipedia or Google), which can be seen in operative examples on the Web such as Start (available at: http://start.csail.mit.edu/), an open … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

Turning the web into a database: extracting data and structure EH Hovy – Natural language processing and information systems, 2010 – Springer … Examples: Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org/); FaceBook (http://www.facebook.com/); on- line newspapers; databases built by careful wrapping of websites and sub- sequent information extraction and automated QA, such as MIT’s START system (http://start.csail.mit.edu/). … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

Evaluation of the clinical question answering presentation YG Cao, J Ely, L Antieau, H Yu – … of the Workshop on Current Trends in …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … http://www.answers.com/bb/ (Accessed: 6. March 2009). 177 Page 8. Anon. 2009e. The START Natural Language Question Answering System. http://start.csail.mit.edu/ (Accessed: 6. March 2009). Anon. 2009f. Powerset. http://www.powerset.com/ (Ac- cessed: 19. April 2009). … Cited by 10 Related articles All 10 versions

Comparison of question answering systems T Dodiya, S Jain – Intelligent Informatics, 2013 – Springer … Limitations The survey results concluded that START answered to almost many questions pertaining to different domains, but when questions are more related to restricted domain, many were unsuccessful. START can be accessed at http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 2.2 Aqualog … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Question answering in restricted domains: An overview D Mollá, JL Vicedo – Computational Linguistics, 2007 – MIT Press Page 1. Special Section on Restricted-Domain Question Answering Question Answering in Restricted Domains: An Overview Diego Mollá ? Macquarie University, Australia José Luis Vicedo † University of Alicante, Spain Automated … Cited by 109 Related articles All 5 versions

Snap-and-ask: answering multimodal question by naming visual instance W Zhang, L Pang, CW Ngo – Proceedings of the 20th ACM international …, 2012 – dl.acm.org … Second, with the support of multi-touch technolo- gies on mobile devices, inquirers can easily draw a mask on a query image to distinguish the instance-of-interest from background context. While queries could be assumed to be generated in a rel- 3http://start.csail.mit.edu/ … Cited by 6 Related articles All 3 versions

A data driven approach to relevancy recognition for contextual question answering F Yang, J Feng, G Di Fabbrizio – Proceedings of the Interactive Question …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … Publicly ac- cessible web-based QA systems, such as AskJeeves (http://www.ask.com/) and START (http://start.csail.mit.edu/), have scaled up *The work was done when the first author was visiting AT&T Labs – Research. this technology to open-domain solutions. … Cited by 23 Related articles All 9 versions

Towards a measure for arabic corpora quality Y Benajiba, P Rosso – Proc. of the International Colloquium on …, 2007 – users.dsic.upv.es … technique for Arabic corpora. 3 http://babelfish.altavista.com/ 4 http://www.googl.coml/ language_tools/ 5 http://www.worldlingo.com/ 6 http://start.csail.mit.edu/ Page 2. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Section Two is … Cited by 5 Related articles All 2 versions

CASTALIA: Architecture of a Fuzzy Metasearch Engine for Question Answering Systems J Serrano-Guerrero, JA Olivas… – … Systems Design and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 3http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 4http://tangra.si.umich.edu/clair/NSIR/html/nsir.cgi 5http://www.lawguru. com/cgi/bbs/user/search.cgi 6http://www.flash-med.com/Subjects.asp 7http://www.whonamedit. com/ 8http://www.ochef.com/archive.htm 9www.answers.com 10http://answers.yahoo … Cited by 1 Related articles All 5 versions

Ontology-based Question Answering System Development for Case Study of Thai Cats. C Chantrapornchai, A Sangchan, A Kantankul… – International Journal of …, 2014 – sersc.org … Many question answering systems uses the semantic engine. For example, START is the open domain question answering system developed by MIT (http://start.csail.mit.edu/). It is still online. The system answers in many areas such as questions about places, weather, etc. … Related articles All 3 versions

An intelligent Q&A system based on the LDA topic model for the teaching of Database Principles L Cui, C Wang – wiete.com.au … In the open software Q&A systems, there is the Start system (http://start.csail.mit.edu/) developed by the InfoLab Group of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and AnswerBus (http://www.answerbus.com) [9]. However, the Q&A systems used to solve …

Coreference Resolution H Schütze, D Zhekova – 2013 – cis.uni-muenchen.de … Who is the Queen of England? How old is this person?) return? http://start.csail.mit.edu Hinrich Schütze and Desislava Zhekova Coreference Resolution Page 8. Entities in Natural Language Anaphora Resolution Coreference Resolution References … Related articles

Web Based Application for Hindi Question Answering System S Stalin, R Pandey, R Barskar – ijecse.org … Automated Question Generation” , Fourth International Conference on Networked Computing and Advanced Information Management, Korea, , pp 365-368, 2008 IEEE [3] ROBERT F. SIMMONS, “Natural Language Question Answering Systems: 1969” [4] http://start.csail.mit.edu … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

Data query using short domain question in natural language R Zhang, Q Zeng, S Feng – Web Society (SWS), 2010 IEEE 2nd …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Available: http://start. csail.mit.edu/ [Accessed: July. 7, 2010]. [4] Zhiping Zheng, “AnswerBus Question Answering System[EB/OL]”, June 2002 , [Online], Available:http://www.answerbus.com/index.shtml [Accessed: July. 10, 2010]. … Related articles All 2 versions

Open-vs. restricted-domain qa systems in the biomedical field MD Olvera-Lobo, J Gutiérrez-Artacho – Journal of Information …, 2011 – jis.sagepub.com … research groups. START (http://start.csail.mit.edu/) Natural Language Question Answering System is a publicly accessible infor- mation access system that has been available for use on the internet since 1993. START answers … Cited by 4 Related articles All 5 versions

Exploring Multiple Ontologies and WordNet Framework to Expand Query for Question Answering System SK Ray, S Singh, BP Joshi – … of the First International Conference on …, 2009 – Springer … Proceedings of National Conference on Research & Development in Computer Science REDECS 2001, Selangor, Malaysia, (2001) 13. START Question Answering System, website:http://start. csail.mit.edu. 14. Text Retrieval Conference, http://trec.nist.gov 15. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Building on redundancy: Factoid question answering, robust retrieval and the “other” D Roussinov, M Chau, E Filatova… – 2005 – academiccommons.columbia.edu … Fact Seeking Service Web address Output Format Organization/System Performance in our evaluation (MRR) START start.csail.mit.edu Single answer sentence Research Prototype 0.049** AskJeeves www.ask.com Up to 200 ordered snippets Commercial 0.397** … Cited by 9 Related articles All 11 versions

Using Logic Proofs to justify answers in Open-Domain Question-Answering system N UzZaman – cs.rochester.edu … Answering System – TREC-11, 2006. [Ask.com] Question Answering system Ask.com [start-mit] START, Natural Language Question Answering System <http://start.csail.mit.edu/> [asu-qa] Arizona State University’s QA system <http://qa.wpcarey.asu. … Related articles All 11 versions

Morpheus: a deep web question answering system C Grant, CP George, J Gumbs, JN Wilson… – Proceedings of the 12th …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … First a realm is mapped to a DBpedia category [3]. Using the DBpedia ontology properties broader 1http://start.csail.mit.edu 2http://swingly.com 3http://dbpedia.org 4http://wordnet.princeton.edu and narrower, a Markov Blanket [10] is created covering all neighboring categories. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

A Chinese intelligent question answering system based on domain ontology and sentence templates X Zhu, Q Cao, F Su – International Journal of Digital Content Technology …, 2011 – aicit.org … 25, No. 2, pp. 197 ~ 201, 2006. [5] Boris,K., Gregory,M., Borchardt,G., “The START Natural Language Question Answering System” [EB/ OL ].http://start.csail.mit.edu, 2006. [6] Zhiping,Z., “AnswerBus Question Answering System” [EB/OL]. http://answerbus.coli.unisaarland. … Cited by 8 Related articles All 2 versions

Elementary? Question answering, IBM’s Watson, and the Jeopardy! challenge R Chandrasekar – Resonance, 2014 – Springer … You can try START at http://start.csail.mit.edu/, for example, with the query “Who is John McCarthy?” 2.4 AskMSR AskMSR [9] is a system developed at Microsoft Research in 2002, which uses the Web as a large data resource. … Related articles All 5 versions

World Wide Web based Question Answering System-a relevance feedback framework for automatic answer validation SK Ray, S Singh, BP Joshi – Applications of Digital Information …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … [16] START Question Answering System, Website: http://start.csail.mit.edu. [17] Swoogle Ontology Search engine, Website: http://swoogle.umbc.edu [18] Text Retrieval Conference, Website: http://trec.nist.gov [19] The World Book, Website: www.worldbook.com/ … Related articles

Web-annotations for humans and machines NE Fuchs, R Schwitter – The Semantic Web: Research and Applications, 2007 – Springer … Using these techniques they have developed the Natural Language Question Answering System START8 that uses pattern matching to answer natural language questions from a variety of sources. 7 www.w3.org/RDF/Metalog 8 start.csail.mit.edu/ Page 5. … Cited by 13 Related articles All 13 versions

Question-answering systems as efficient sources of terminological information: an evaluation MD Olvera?Lobo… – Health Information & …, 2010 – Wiley Online Library … Accessible at: http://start.csail.mit.edu/. 5 Access to MedQA. Accessible at: http://monkey.ims.uwm. edu:8080/MedQA/. 6 Blair-Goldensohn, SB & Schlaikjer, AH Answering definitional questions: a hybrid approach. New Directions In Question Answering 2004, 4, 47–58. … Cited by 10 Related articles All 7 versions

Naga: Searching and ranking knowledge G Kasneci, FM Suchanek, G Ifrim… – … , 2008. ICDE 2008. …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. NAGA: Searching and Ranking Knowledge Gjergji Kasneci #1, Fabian M. Suchanek #2, Georgiana Ifrim #3, Maya Ramanath #4, Gerhard Weikum #5 *Max-Planck Institute for Informatics Stuhlsatzenhausweg 85 66123 … Cited by 171 Related articles All 6 versions

HealthQA: A Chinese QA Summary System for Smart Health Y Yin, Y Zhang, X Liu, Y Zhang, C Xing, H Chen – Smart Health, 2014 – Springer … Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 99(1), 1–24 (2010) 2. START, http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 3. Kaisser, M.: The QuALiM question-answering demo: Supplementing answers with para- graphs drawn from Wikipedia. …

A Novel Similarity Calculation Method Based on Chinese Sentence Keyword Weight Y Yu, L Wang – Journal of Software, 2014 – ojs.academypublisher.com Page 1. A Novel Similarity Calculation Method Based on Chinese Sentence Keyword Weight? Yangxin Yu Faculty of Computer Engineering,Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huai’an 223003 China Email: hyyyx@hyit.edu.cn … Related articles All 3 versions

Minimal parsing key concept based question answering system S Kopparapu, A Srivastava, PVS Rao – Human-Computer Interaction. HCI …, 2007 – Springer … In: Proceedings of the Tenth International World Wide Web Conference (2001) 4. AskJeevs http://www.ask.com 5. AnswerBug http://www.answerbug.com 6. START http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 7. WebCriteria http://www.webcriteria.com 8. Kopparapu, S., Srivastava, A., Rao … Cited by 8 Related articles All 3 versions

Question Answering Systems: a partial answer LF Costa, D Santos – SINTEF, Oslo, 2007 – 193.136.2.105 Page 1. 1 1 Information and Communication Technologies Question Answering Systems: a partial answer Luís Fernando Costa Diana Santos Linguateca www.linguateca.pt 2 Information and Communication Technologies Outline ? What is question answering? … Cited by 4 Related articles All 3 versions

Web Logs and Question Answering R Sutcliffe, U Kruschwitz, T Mandl – The Workshop Programme, 2010 – fiz1.fh-potsdam.de … Communications of the ACM, 8(1), pp. 58-65. START (2010). http://start.csail.mit.edu/ Accessed 2010. Strzalkowski, T., Harabagiu, S. (Eds.) (2008). Advances in Open Domain Question Answering. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. TREC (2010). http://trec.nist.gov/. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 10 versions

Easy Development and Use of Dialogue Services JJ Durán, A Fernández, S Rodríguez, V Julián… – Ambient Intelligence- …, 2014 – Springer … Next, Vodka is of- fered as a possible ingredient (true/false), and the user agrees (true). Finally, the 10 http://start.csail.mit.edu/ Page 7. Easy Development and Use of Dialogue Services 87 Fig. 2. HTTP message exchange between a web client and the service. … Related articles All 2 versions

Towards Answering How do I Questions Using Classification K Wu, L Yu, M Cutler – Advanced Information Networking and …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Recent years have seen the introduction of question answering systems like START1 and Lexxe2 that leverage the massive amount of data available on the web to provide direct answers to a large variety of such 1 http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 2 http://lexxe.com/ questions. … Related articles All 5 versions

GoWeb: a semantic search engine for the life science web H Dietze, M Schroeder – BMC bioinformatics, 2009 – biomedcentral.com Current search engines are keyword-based. Semantic technologies promise a next generation of semantic search engines, which will be able to answer questions. Current approaches either apply natural language processing to unstructured text or they assume the existence of … Cited by 41 Related articles All 24 versions

Question Answering Systems in Education and their Classifications O Lebedeva, L Zaitseva – ineer2014.rtu.lv … [7] START Natural Language Question Answering System, InfoLab Group, 2014. http://start.csail.mit.edu/, Last accessed 15 February 2014. [8] About Wolfram|Alpha, Wolfram Alpha LLC—AWolfram Research Company, 2014. …

Scaling up question-answering to linked data V Lopez, A Nikolov, M Sabou, V Uren, E Motta… – … and Management by the …, 2010 – Springer … 2 Derived form OpenCyc and which consists of 20,000 classes (http://www.umbel.org/backbone. html) 3 http://www.powerset.com/, http://start.csail.mit.edu/, http://www.wolframalpha.com/index. html and http://www.trueknowledge.com/ respectively. Page 3. … Cited by 29 Related articles All 15 versions

AQuASys: A Question-Answering System For Arabic S BEKHTI, M AL-HARBI – WSEAS International Conference. Proceedings. …, 2013 – wseas.us Page 1. AQuASys: A Question-Answering System For Arabic SMAN BEKHTI, MARYAM AL-HARBI Department of computer science College of computer and information sciences Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University PO … Related articles All 2 versions

Contextual question answering for the health domain W Wong, J Thangarajah… – Journal of the American …, 2012 – Wiley Online Library … For domain-independent question answering, START (start.csail.mit.edu) is one of the earliest systems publicly accessible on the web (Katz, 1997). The main idea behind START is the annotation of textual content on the web using triples in the form of ?object,attribute,value?. … Related articles All 7 versions

Special Section on Restricted-Domain Question Answering D Mollá, JL Vicedo – Computational Linguistics – aclweb.org Page 1. Special Section on Restricted-Domain Question Answering Question Answering in Restricted Domains: An Overview Diego Mollá ? Macquarie University, Australia José Luis Vicedo † University of Alicante, Spain Automated … Related articles All 10 versions

Learning commonsense knowledge from the interpretation of individual experiences SW Glidden – 2009 – dspace.mit.edu Page 1. Learning Commonsense Knowledge from the Interpretation of Individual Experiences M by J Sam Wyatt Glidden L SB, MIT, 2008 Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of … Related articles All 4 versions

Wrapster: semi-automatic wrapper generation for semi-structured websites GGG Zaccak – 2007 – dspace.mit.edu … news stories from varied online news Web sites. Google News uses wrappers to extract the title name, abstract (if one exists) and 4http://start.csail.mit.edu 5http://www.eventmonitor.com Page 20. START’s reply => What is the population of the capital of India? … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

An Analyst’s Assistant for the Interpretation of Vehicle Track Data G Borchardt, B Katz, HL Nguyen, S Felshin, K Senne… – 2014 – people.csail.mit.edu … START is a language-based information access system that has been in development for approximately 25 years [Katz, 1990; Katz, 1997; Katz et al., 2006]. In its most general question- answering application, START is available as a public server at http://start.csail.mit.edu/. …

Enabling imagination through story alignment MP Fay – 2012 – 18.7.29.232 Page 1. Enabling Imagination through Story Alignment by Matthew Paul Fay BS Chemistry Purdue University, 2009 Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of … Cited by 5 Related articles All 6 versions

The Architecture of ProMe Instant Question Answering System G Zhang, T Jiang, R Bie, X Liu… – Cyber-Enabled …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 870-885,2011 [4] Boris Katz, “The START natural language question answering system”[EB/OL], 2011, http://start.csail.mit.edu [5] Zhiping Zheng, “AnswerBus question answering system”: http://answerbus. coli. uni-saarland.de/ index. shtml. … Related articles All 4 versions

Question-answering systems: Development and prospects VA Lapshin – Automatic Documentation and Mathematical …, 2012 – Springer … http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELIZA. Accessed Mar. 07, 2012. 2. START. Natural Language Question Answering Sys tem. http://start.csail.mit.edu. Accessed Mar. 11, 2012. 3. Nikitin, A. and Raikov, P., Question–Answer Systems. http://yury.name/internet/06ia seminar.ppt. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Semantic Web techniques for yellow page service providers R Anantharangachar, R Srinivasan – arXiv preprint arXiv:1208.1886, 2012 – arxiv.org Page 1. SEMANTIC WEB TECHNIQUES FOR YELLOW PAGE SERVICE PROVIDERS Raghu Anantharangachar 1 and Ramani Srinivasan 2 1Hewlett Packard Laboratories, India 1International Institute of Information Technology … Cited by 1 Related articles All 8 versions

Resolution of linear entity and path geometries expressed via partially-geospatial natural language JJ Marrero – 2010 – dspace.mit.edu Page 1. Resolution of Linear Entity and Path Geometries Expressed via Partially-Geospatial Natural Language by John Javier Marrero SB, CS MIT, 2008 Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science … Related articles All 2 versions

Exploiting syntactic relations for question answering D Loreto – 2006 – dspace.mit.edu Page 1. Exploiting Syntactic Relations for Question Answering by Daniel Loreto Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

A SOA Based Domain-Specific Chinese QA System J Zhou – Grid and Cooperative Computing (GCC), 2010 9th …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Question-Answering[J]. Journal of Chinese Information Processing, 2002, 16 (6) : 46 – 52. [2] Boris Katz, Gregory Marton , Gary Borchardt,et al. The START Natural Language Question Answering System[EB/OL] .[2006-12-16].http ://start.csail.mit.edu. [3] Zhiping Zheng. … Related articles All 6 versions

Expert finding systems MT Maybury – MITRE Center for Integrated Intelligence …, 2006 – infoautoclassification.org … ones. They are sometimes applied to enhance web sites of organizations. Examples include Language Computer (www.languagecomputer.com) and MIT’s START (start.csail.mit.edu). Page 29. 17 7. Commercial Tools Commercially … Cited by 52 Related articles All 4 versions

Dialogue-Driven Information Retrieval A Suma – Proceedings of the Third BCS-IRSG conference on …, 2009 – bcs.org … As well as facts eg. Predicate – argument structures like: is(Sam steel, head of department) 2http://www.answerbus.com/ 3http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 99 Page 5. The 3rd BCS-IRSG Symposium on Future Directions in Information Access … Related articles All 3 versions

A study on the fundamentals of semantic role labeling TWW Wu – 2010 – summit.sfu.ca Page 1. A STUDY ON THE FUNDAMENTALS OF SEMANTIC ROLE LABELING by Tin Wing (Winona) Wu B.Sc., Simon Fraser University, 2007 PROJECT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE … Cited by 2 Related articles

Combining information seeking services into a meta supply chain of facts D Roussinov, M Chau – Journal of the Association for Information …, 2008 – aisel.aisnet.org … Table 1: The Fact Seeking Services Involved and Their Characteristics Fact Seeking Service Web address Output Format Organization/System START start.csail.mit.edu Single answer sentence Research Prototype AskJeeves www.ask.com Up to 200 ordered snippets … Cited by 3 Related articles All 9 versions

The Human Factor T Bremmers – NATO SECURITY THROUGH SCIENCE SERIES E …, 2007 – books.google.com Page 81. A Process for Developing a Common Vocabulary in the Information Security Area 70 J. von Knop et al.(Eds.) IOS Press, 2007 © 2007 IOS Press. All rights reserved. The Human Factor Tim BREMMERS Independent … All 7 versions

Merging and ranking answers in the semantic web: The wisdom of crowds V Lopez, A Nikolov, M Fernandez, M Sabou, V Uren… – The semantic web, 2009 – Springer … bases. For example, similarly to OpenCyc and 1 http://www.powerset.com/, http://start.csail.mit.edu/, http://www.wolframalpha.com/index.html, http://www. trueknowledge.com/ respectively Page 2. 136 V. Lopez et al. Freebase2 … Cited by 19 Related articles All 14 versions

Leveraging knowledge based question answer technology to address user-interactive short domain question in natural language M Mishra, VK Mishra, HR Sharma – … Intelligence and Signal …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. Leveraging Knowledge Based Question Answer Technology to Address User-Interactive Short Domain Question in Natural Language Megha Mishra, SOA Research Scholar, Bhuneshwar Email: -megha16shukla@gmail.com VK Mishra, Asst. … Related articles

BalancingTransparency, Efficiency and Security in Pervasive Systems EB MARKWENSTROM… – Advances in Computers: …, 2009 – books.google.com Page 115. BalancingTransparency, Efficiency and Security in Pervasive Systems MARKWENSTROM, ELOISA BENTIVEGNA? AND ALI R. HURSON Department of Computer Science and Engineering Pennsylvania State University University Park, PA 16802 wenstrom@ … Related articles

Balancing transparency, efficiency and security in pervasive systems M Wenstrom, E Bentivegna, AR Hurson – Advances in Computers, 2008 – Elsevier This chapter surveys pervasive computing with a focus on how its constraint for transparency affects issues of resource management and security. The goal of per. Related articles All 6 versions

Enhancing QA systems with complex temporal question processing capabilities E Saquete, JLV González, P Martínez-Barco… – Journal of Artificial …, 2009 – aaai.org Page 1. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 35 (2009) 775-811 Submitted 03/09; published 08/09 Enhancing QA Systems with Complex Temporal Question Processing Capabilities Estela Saquete stela@dlsi.ua.es Jose L. Vicedo vicedo@dlsi.ua.es Patricio Mart?nez-Barco … Cited by 28 Related articles All 15 versions

Context-aware restricted geographical domain question answering system A Mishra, N Mishra, A Agrawal – Computational Intelligence and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … [22] The JXMapViewer open source (LGPL) Swing component : URL http://wiki.freifunk.net/Freimap [23] AnswerBus Question Answering System : URL http://www.answerbus.com/index.shtml [24] START Question Answering System : URL http://start.csail.mit.edu/ [25] NaLURI … Cited by 5 Related articles All 4 versions

Hindi language interface to databases H Jain – 2011 – dspace.thapar.edu Page 1. HINDI LANGUAGE INTERFACE TO DATABASES Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of Master of Engineering in Computer Science and Engineering Submitted By Himani Jain (Roll No. 800932009) … Cited by 6 Related articles All 3 versions

Command Recognition through keyword analysis A Sutherland – cs.umu.se Page 1. Command Recognition through keyword analysis Alexander Sutherland Alexander Sutherland Spring term 2014 Bachelor Thesis, 15 hp Supervisor: Lars-Erik Janlert External Supervisor: Thomas Hellström Examiner …

Leveraging the network information for evaluating answer quality in a collaborative question answering portal L Chen, R Nayak – Social Network Analysis and Mining, 2012 – Springer Logo Springer. Search Options: … Cited by 3 Related articles All 5 versions

User Expectations and Question Types in Question Answering Systems P Zuurbier – 2006 – referaat.cs.utwente.nl Page 1. User Expectations and Question Types in Question Answering Systems P. Zuurbier P.Zuurbier@student.utwente.nl ABSTRACT This paper is about the expectations of users of a Question Answering (QA) system, what … Related articles

Combining Answers from heterogeneous Web Documents for Question Answering CM Meyer, K Ignatova – 2009 – tk.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de Page 1. Master Thesis Ubiquitous Knowledge Processing Lab Computer Science Department Darmstadt University of Technology Combining Answers from heterogeneous Web Documents for Question Answering Christian M. Meyer Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Iryna Gurevych … Related articles All 8 versions

IQABOT: A Chatbot-Based Interactive Question-Answering System J Smith – 2010 – smithware.co.uk … 1http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 2http://www.wolframalpha.com 3http://www.trueknowledge. com 7 Page 11. 1.1.3 Chatbots Kerly et al. (2007) describe chatbots as “conversational agents, providing natural language interfaces to their users.”. … Related articles

Sepia: a framework for natural language semantics GA Marton, LB Westrick – 2009 – dspace.mit.edu … We chose a categorial grammar formalism (as opposed to, eg, a context-free grammar), we 1Thanks to Stefanie Tellex for robots and spatial paths, to Alexey Radul for the number theory example. 2http://start.csail.mit.edu 2 Page 3. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Ontology-based information behaviour to improve web search S Calegari, G Pasi – Future Internet, 2010 – mdpi.com Page 1. Future Internet 2010, 2, 533-558; doi:10.3390/fi2040533 OPEN ACCESS future internet ISSN 1999-5903 www.mdpi.com/journal/futureinternet Article Ontology-Based Information Behaviour to Improve Web Search Silvia Calegari ? and Gabriella Pasi … Cited by 11 Related articles All 7 versions

Advances in focused retrieval: A general review SR Joty, S Sadid-Al-Hasan – Computer and information …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … A recent work by [9] presented an open-domain Web QA system that applies simple combinatorial permutations of words (so called “re-writes”) to the snippets returned by Google and a set of 15 handcrafted semantic filters to 1 http://brainboost.com/ 2 http://start.csail.mit.edu/ … Cited by 6 Related articles All 2 versions

Predicting associated statutes for legal problems YH Liu, YL Chen, WL Ho – Information Processing & Management, 2014 – Elsevier … list of relevant documents. START (start.csail.mit.edu) is one of the earliest web-based systems that can be publicly-accessible since 1993 (Katz, 1997) and it plays a notable role in the evolution of QA systems. In 1999, Text …

A Realm-based Question Answering System Using Probabilistic Modeling CP George – 2010 – cise.ufl.edu … Morpheus annotates user query terms by classes from an ontology with the help of path finder. This 1 http://start.csail.mit.edu 12 Page 13. annotated classes are essential in finding similarities between a newly encountered user query and the solved queries in the data store. … Related articles

[BOOK] Procedural Or Non-procedural: That is the Question KK Wu – 2007 – books.google.com … or What is the capital of Kyrgyzstan? but will reply with a “Lexxe is not a dialogue system” when presented with the simplest How or Why question; indeed, researchers have 2 http://start.csail.mit.edu 3 http://trec.nist.gov 2 Page 9. … All 2 versions

Automatic Question Answering System M Pavla – is.muni.cz Page 1. MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA FAKULTA INFORMATIKY }w¡¢£¤¥ &123456789@ACDEFGHIPQRS`ye| Automatic Question Answering System MASTER THESIS Matej Pavla Brno, jar 2014 Page 2. Declaration … Related articles

NAGA: Searching and Ranking Knowledge GKFM Suchanek, G Ifrim, M Ramanath, G Weikum – domino.mpi-inf.mpg.de … Answers and START (QA systems). Furthermore, in order to have a homogeneous evaluation of 4http://start.csail.mit.edu/ Benchmark Question with NAGA translation TREC When was Shakespeare born? Shakespeare bornInYear $x In what country is Luxor? … Related articles All 20 versions

Just. Ask—A Multi-Pronged Approach To Question Answering AC Mendes, L Coheur, J Silva… – International Journal on …, 2013 – World Scientific Page 1. February 5, 2013 15:12 WSPC/INSTRUCTION FILE S0218213012500364 International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools Vol. 22, No. 1 (2013) 1250036 (34 pages) c World Scientific Publishing Company DOI: 10.1142/S0218213012500364 … Cited by 2 Related articles

Answer extraction for simple and complex questions SR Joty – 2008 – uleth.ca … For example, An- swerBus5 answers questions in English, French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. 1http://www.ask.com/ 2http://www.answers.com/bb/ 3http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 4http://demos.inf.ed.ac.uk:8080/qualim/ 5http://www.answerbus.com/index.shtml 3 Page 14. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Ontology Based Natural Language Discovery of Semantic Web Services in the Geospatial Domain Y Yang – 2009 – duo.uio.no Page 1. 2009 Ontology Based Natural Language Discovery of Semantic Web Services in the Geospatial Domain Yuzhu Yang Page 2. 2 Acknowledgement I would like to take this opportunity to thank my supervisor: Dr. Arne Jørgen Berre from SINTEF and UiO. … Related articles

Knowledge Mining over Scientific Literature and Technical Documentation F Rinaldi – 2008 – files.ifi.uzh.ch Page 1. Knowledge Mining over Scientific Literature and Technical Documentation Fabio Rinaldi March 3, 2008 Page 2. Page 3. Contents 1 Introduction 15 1.1 Background . . . . . 21 1.2 Methodologies . . . . . 27 … Related articles All 2 versions

Linguistic and semantic passage retrieval strategies for question answering MW Bilotti – 2009 – cs.cmu.edu … 1See: http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 2See: http://www.wolframalpha.com/ 9 Page 28. gregation, such as joins against the backing database. The primary disadvantage is that coverage is low and the burden of knowledge engineering is high. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 11 versions

Aspects of sentence retrieval VG Murdock – 2006 – maroo.cs.umass.edu Page 1. ASPECTS OF SENTENCE RETRIEVAL A Dissertation Presented by VANESSA GRAHAM MURDOCK Submitted to the Graduate School of the University of Massachusetts Amherst in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY … Cited by 43 Related articles All 9 versions

Understanding and Exploiting User Intent in Community Question Answering L Chen – 2014 – learninglink.bbk.ac.uk Page 1. Understanding and Exploiting User Intent in Community Question Answering Long Chen Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Computer Science & Information Systems …

Open-Domain Question-Answering. JM Prager – Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval, 2006 – wiki.eecs.yorku.ca … is desired as possible. In 1992 NIST, the US National Institute of Standards and Tech- nology, inaugurated the annual Text Retrieval Conference, commonly 2 http://www.start.csail.mit.edu. 3 http://www.ask.com. 4 Although if … Cited by 42 Related articles All 3 versions

[BOOK] Conversational interfaces for task-oriented spoken dialogues: design aspects influencing interaction quality AI Niculescu – 2011 – doc.utwente.nl Page 1. Page 2. Conversational interfaces for task-oriented spoken dialogues: design aspects influencing interaction quality ANDREEA IOANA NICULESCU Page 3. PhD dissertation committee: Chairman and Secretary: Prof. dr. ir. Ton. … Related articles All 3 versions

Encyclopaedic Question Answering I Dornescu – 2012 – wlv.openrepository.com Page 1. EQA Iustin Dornescu A thesis submitted in partial fullment of the requirements of the University of Wolverhampton for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy February 2012 This work or any part thereof has not previously … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

QA+ ML@ Wikipedia&Google JPCG Silva – 2009 – fenix.tecnico.ulisboa.pt … now trying a new wave of QA: interactive question answering systems, where a dialogue interface enables follow-up and clarification questions (Quarteroni & Manandhar, 2009). 1http://start.csail.mit.edu/ 2http://trec.nist.gov/ 6 Page 27. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions

[BOOK] Ana Techniqs in Biotechnology G Bhowmik – 2011 – books.google.com Page 1. Analytical Techniques in ~ Biotechnology Gnunm Ehnwmlk A! Q ,_ I’. Page 2. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Third Edition Page 3. ABOUT THE AUTHORS Elaine Rich received her PhD in Computer Science from Carnegie … Related articles All 2 versions

Answering questions about archived, annotated meetings M Ailomaa – 2009 – infoscience.epfl.ch Page 1. POUR L’OBTENTION DU GRADE DE DOCTEUR ÈS SCIENCES acceptée sur proposition du jury: Prof. M. Hasler, président du jury Dr M. Rajman, directeur de thèse Prof. N. Castell, rapporteur Prof. P. Dillenbourg, rapporteur Prof. J. Moeschler, rapporteur … Cited by 3 Related articles All 4 versions