SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) & Dialog Systems


SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) & Dialog Systems
Speech Application Language Tags Notes:  developed as a competitor to VoiceXML 
References: SALT: An XML Application for Web-based Multimodal Dialog Management (2002) [PDF] .. by Kuansan Wang 


Semantic object synchronous understanding implemented with speech application language tags K Wang – US Patent 7,200,559, 2007 – Google Patents … Kuansan Wang: “Semantic modeling for dialog systems in a pattern recogntion framework” Proceedings of Automatic Speech Recog- nition and Understanding Workshop ASRU, Dec. 9, 2001, pp. 284-287. … 1209-1212. Speech Application Language Tags Specification, Jul. … Cited by 13 – Related articles – All 4 versions

A speech mashup framework for multimodal mobile services [PDF] from difabbrizio.com G Di Fabbrizio, T Okken… – Proceedings of the 2009 …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … Other approaches to speech services such as XHTML+Voice (X+V) [4] and the neglected Mi- crosoft’s Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) [26] intro- duce multimodality into the equation so that, in addition to speech, input and output can be conveyed through a graphical … Cited by 14 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Development of a Toolkit for Spoken Dialog Systems with an Anthropomorphic Agent: Galatea [PDF] from hokudai.ac.jp K Katsurada, A Lee, T Kawahara… – … APSIPA ASC 2009 …, 2009 – eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp … speech synthesis, face synthesis, and dialog control, that can be used to realize an interface for spoken dialog systems with an anthro … With regard to Windows Speech API (SAPI) version of Julius, an API for Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) has been developed for … Related articles – All 10 versions

Making speech recognition work on the web [PDF] from 18.7.29.232 JR Glass, S Cyphers, CJ Varenhorst – 2011 – 18.7.29.232 Page 1. Making Speech Recognition Work on the Web by Christopher J. Varenhorst Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters … All 2 versions

Multi-slot dialog systems and methods PTM Nguyen, J Lopez-Amaro, AV Desai… – US Patent …, 2010 – Google Patents … Nguyen et al. (io) Patent No.: (45) Date of Patent: US 7,747,438 B2 *Jun. 29, 2010 (54) MULTI-SLOT DIALOG SYSTEMS AND 6,173,266 Bl* 1/2001 Marx et al 704/270 METHODS 6,314,402 Bl* 11/2001 Monaco et al. . 704/275 … Related articles – All 5 versions

mTalk-A Multimodal Browser for Mobile Services [PDF] from att.com M Johnston, GD Fabbrizio… – Twelfth Annual Conference …, 2011 – isca-speech.org … As part of the SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) initiative [11] there was a mobile version of Pocket In- ternet Explorer with voice support … A. Stent, P. Ehlen, M. Walker, S. Whittaker, and P. Maloor, “MATCH: An archi- tecture for multimodal dialog systems,” in Proceedings … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 7 versions

System and method of using modular spoken-dialog components G Di Fabbrizio… – US Patent 7,778,836, 2010 – Google Patents … Often, existing specifications and industry standards such as Voice XML and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) have difficulty with more … As the technology continues to 45 develop, consumers further expect spoken dialog systems to handle more complex dialogs. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Multi-slot dialog system and method P Nguyen, J Lopez-amaro, AV Desai… – EP Patent …, 2011 – freepatentsonline.com … Rather than the manual approach, the multi-slot dialog systems and methods as described herein may be utilized for constructing multi-slot dialog applications … The voice language may be a markup language such as VoiceXML or Speech Application Language Tags (SALT). … Cached

The WAMI toolkit for developing, deploying, and evaluating web-accessible multimodal interfaces [PDF] from mit.edu A Gruenstein, I McGraw… – … of the 10th international conference on …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … Users view a web site while speaking over the telephone to a spoken dialogue system which provides weather information … The two major standards under development, Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) [18] and XHTML+Voice (X+V) [3] are both aimed at augmenting … Cited by 37 – Related articles – All 17 versions

Apparatus, method, and medium for generating grammar network for use in speech recognition and dialogue speech recognition K Hwang – US Patent 7,606,708, 2009 – Google Patents … 12/2004 OTHER PUBLICATIONS B Souvignier et al., “The Thoughtful Elephant: Strategies for Spoken Dialog Systems”, IEEE trans … application programming interface (SAPI), a voice extensible markup language (VXML), and a speech application language tags (SALT) method … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

System for developing a dialog manager using modular spoken-dialog components G Di Fabbrizio… – US Patent 7,421,393, 2008 – Google Patents … Often, existing specifications and industry standards such as Voice XML and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) have difficulty with more … As the technology continues to develop, consumers further expect spoken dialog systems to handle 45 more complex dialogs. … Related articles – All 2 versions

System and method for selective audible rendering of data to a user based on user input K Wang – US Patent 7,548,858, 2009 – Google Patents … V NLP and XML Workshop, Nov. 2001.* Kuansan Wang, “SALT: A spoken language interface for web-based multimodal dialog systems,” Proc. ICSLP, Sep. … 25, 2004. Salt Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) 1.0 Specification, Jul. … Related articles – All 2 versions

Semantic object synchronous understanding implemented with speech application language tags K Wang – EP Patent 1,482,481, 2008 – freepatentsonline.com … Wong K., “SALT: A spoken language interface for web-based multimodal dialogue systems”, Proceedings of ICSLP 2002, International Conference On Spoken Language Professing, 16 September 2002 , relates to speech application language tags (SALT), a spoken language … Related articles – Cached

Semantic object synchronous understanding implemented with speech application language tags K Wang – EP Patent 1,970,897, 2008 – freepatentsonline.com … by the system 10 based on partial semantic parses or objects can be implemented using SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) or other … Further details regarding the semantic language model are described in K. Wang, “Semantic modeling for dialog systems in a pattern … Related articles – Cached

Implementing a hybrid dialogue strategy for speech-enabled mobile commerce Y Fan – International Journal of Electronic Business, 2009 – Inderscience … Although there are few industrial standards, such as VoiceXML and SALTs (Speech Application Language Tags), and a speech framework introduced by W3C … On the basis of the degree to which the system takes control of the conversation, spoken dialogue systems can be … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Standards for Multimodal Interaction DA Dahl – … human computer interaction and pervasive services, 2009 – books.google.com … applications combining speech with HTML interfaces were published in 2001, XHTML+ Voice (Cross, Axelsson, McCobb, Ra- man, & Wilson, 2003) and Speech Application Language Tags (SALT)(SALT Forum … A form is very much like a frame in a frame-based dialog system. … Related articles – All 5 versions

A Study of User’s Performance and Satisfaction on the Web Based Photo Annotation with Speech Interaction [PDF] from arxiv.org SA Ramlan… – Arxiv preprint arXiv:1006.4539, 2010 – arxiv.org … The efficiency of input mode in multimodal dialogue systems has been investigated by M. Perakakis et al. … It was built using web programming scripting language Javascript, XHTML, PHP, XML mark- up language (Speech Application Language Tags, SALT). … All 4 versions

METHOD FOR DEVELOPING A DIALOG MANAGER USING MODULAR SPOKEN-DIALOG COMPONENTS G Di Fabbrizio… – US Patent App. 12/048,394, 2008 – Google Patents … Often, existing specifications and industry stan- dards such as Voice XML and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) have difficulty with more … As the technology continues to develop, consumers further expect spoken dialog systems to handle more complex dialogs. … All 2 versions

Software: Infrastructure, Standards, Technologies N Rajput… – Speech in Mobile and Pervasive …, 2012 – Wiley Online Library … Such a redesign will lead to a more robust spoken dialog system that can handle packet loss over the VoIP network. … The Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) is another standard language used to author voice applications by embedding SALT tags in other markup … Related articles

Modeling Aspects of Multimodal Lithuanian Human-Machine Interface R Maskeliunas – Multimodal Signals: Cognitive and Algorithmic Issues, 2009 – Springer … The multimodal approach is utilized by combining ASP, the Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) or VoiceXML and the human face gesture recognition … the semantic text will be a difficult problem for some time and designers of voice based dialog systems should impose … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Developing Multimodal Web Interfaces by Encapsulating Their Content and Functionality within a Multimodal Shell I Mlakar… – Analysis of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication and …, 2011 – Springer … 12] is an extension project of the SmartKom (www.smartkom.org) project, one of the multimodal dialog systems that combine … of web-based multimodal solutions, Microsoft and IBM provide toolkits, multimodal APIs, such as: Speech Application Language Tags – SALT4, and … Related articles – All 2 versions

Method for developing a dialog manager using modular spoken-dialog components G De Fabbrizio… – US Patent 7,412,393, 2008 – Google Patents … Often, existing specifications and industry standards such as Voice XML and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) have difficulty with more complex … As the technology continues to develop, consumers further expect spoken dialog systems to handle more complex dialogs … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Method and system of providing interactive speech recognition based on call routing P Poi – US Patent 20,120,099,713, 2012 – freepatentsonline.com … 20090268882, OUTBOUND DIALOGUE SYSTEM AND DIALOGUE OPERATION METHOD, October, 2009, Lee et al. … browser 205 processes pages of markup language, such as voice extensible markup language (VoiceXML), speech application language tags (SALT), hypertext … Cached

SYSTEM AND DIALOG MANAGER DEVELOPED USING MODULAR SPOKEN-DIALOG COMPONENTS G Di Fabbrizio… – US Patent App. 12/201,423, 2008 – Google Patents … Often, existing specifications and industry stan- dards such as Voice XML and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) have difficulty with more … As the technology continues to develop, consumers further expect spoken dialog systems to handle more complex dialogs. … All 2 versions

Turn-taking confidence D Attwater, B Balentine – US Patent 7,809,569, 2010 – Google Patents … Cisco Systems, et al.; “Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) 1.0 Specification”; Jul. 15, 2002. … Cisco Systems, Inc. et al., Speech Application Language Tags (SALT), Document, Jul. 15, 2002, 112 Pages, Cisco Systems, Inc. et al. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Adapted Multimodal End-User Interfaces for XML-Content B Encelle, N Baptiste-Jessel… – … computer interaction and …, 2009 – books.google.com … content has been developed. For this purpose, several markup languages such as VoiceXML, SALT (Speech Application Language Tags), XHTML+ Voice and voice browser systems have emerged. Although WAI and development … All 7 versions

Integration of speech services with telecommunications K Wang – US Patent 7,561,673, 2009 – Google Patents … K. Wang, “A plan based dialog system with probabilistic inferences,” in Proc. … approach, procedural, such as used in markup languages like HTML (HyperText Markup Language) or XML, is used in further features such as SALT (Speech Application Language Tags, the specifica … Related articles – All 4 versions

Voice dialog server method and system S Roberts… – US Patent 6,999,930, 2006 – Google Patents … The VoiceXML scripts coordinate speech dialog systems accessed over telephony system 132 and using TTS 128, ASR 130, and … For example, implementations of the present invention can also be developed compatible with the Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) stan … Cited by 29 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Principles of electronic speech processing with applications for people with disabilities K Fellbaum… – Technology and Disability, 2008 – IOS Press … explained. Then, a speech-based human-computer dialogue system is discussed. … There are very useful applications for emotion- al speech processing. Let’s consider for example a speech-based human-computer dialog system. The … Cited by 13 – Related articles

Compositional specification and realisation of mixed-initiative web dialogs [PDF] from vt.edu N Ramakrishnan, MA Perez-Quinones… – International Journal of …, 2008 – Inderscience … of commercial speech recognition engines (Srinivasan and Brown, 2002) and technologies such as SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) and X + V … Section 3 covers background work in dialog systems, paying specific attention to dialog processing algorithms and markup … Related articles – All 12 versions

Sequential multimodal input HW Hon… – US Patent 7,363,027, 2008 – Google Patents … M. Baum, et al., Speech and Multimodal Dialogue System for Telephony Applications Based on a Speech Database of Austrian … Recently, voice portals such as through the use of SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) VoiceXML (voice 45 extensible markup language … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Evaluation and usability of multimodal spoken language dialogue systems [PDF] from nislab.dk L Dybkjaer, NO Bernsen… – Speech Communication, 2004 – Elsevier … Evaluation and usability of multimodal spoken language dialogue systems. … Abstract. With the technical advances and market growth in the field, the issues of evaluation and usability of spoken language dialogue systems, unimodal as well as multimodal, are as crucial as ever. … Cited by 62 – Related articles – All 8 versions

Spoken and multimodal communication systems in mobile settings [PDF] from pp.ua M Turunen… – Proceedings of the 2007 COST action 2102 …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … In: Proceed- ings of Nordic Symposium on Multimodal Communications, 2003 (2003) 13. Hurtig, T.: A Mobile Multimodal Dialogue System for Public Transportation Navigation Evaluated. … SALT. Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) Forum (2006), http://www.saltforum.org/ … Cited by 7 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 4 versions

[PDF] Investigation of voice servers application for Lithuanian language [PDF] from psu.edu A Rudžionis, R Maskeliunas, K Ratkevicius… – Electronics and …, 2007 – Citeseer … IBM WebShpere Voice Server is a VoiceXML 2.0 (Voice Extensible Markup Language) based and Microsoft Speech Server is SALT 1.0 (Speech Application Language Tags) based (latest 2007 beta version also supports VoiceXML). … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

Turn-taking confidence D Attwater, B Balentine – US Patent 7,970,615, 2011 – Google Patents … 23, 2010 QTHER PUBLICATIQNS Related U_s_ Application Data Cisco Systems, Inc. et al., Speech Application Language Tags _ _ _ _ (SALT), Document, Jul. 15, 2002, 112 Pages, Cisco Systems, Inc et (63) Continuation of application No. 11/317,391, ?led on at Dec. … Related articles – All 4 versions

Multimodal interaction with xforms [PDF] from tkk.fi M Honkala… – Proceedings of the 6th international conference …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … XHTML+Voice documents can be styled both by the visual and aural style sheets. Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) is an XML- based language for incorporating Speech input and output to other languages [22]. It can be embedded, for instance, in XHTML documents. … Cited by 35 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] A multilingual dialogue system for accessing the web [PDF] from psu.edu M Gatius, M González… – Proceedings of the 3rd International …, 2007 – Citeseer … 2 WEB DIALOGUE SYSTEMS … Examples of these languages are the Speech Application Language Tags (SALT), the Extensible MultiModal Annotation (EMMA) language and the Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL). … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Florence: a dialogue manager framework for spoken dialogue systems [PDF] from difabbrizio.com GD Fabbrizio… – Eighth International Conference on …, 2004 – isca-speech.org … However, natural language spoken dialogue systems entail more complex interactions with the user which, depending upon the … Similarly, the Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) [2] Forum proposal and the XHTML+Voice Profile [3] W3C recommendation follow the … Cited by 19 – Related articles – All 8 versions

Human-Computer Interfaces to Multimedia Content a Review A Potamianos… – Multimodal Processing and Interaction, 2008 – Springer … Consider for example a spoken dialogue system: the term “model” could refer to the modules that perform speech un- derstanding, ie, turning speech into concepts, the term “control” could refer to the application manager that determines the next state of the interaction and the … Cited by 2 – Related articles

SALT: A spoken language interface for web-based multimodal dialog systems [PDF] from microsoft.com K Wang – Seventh International Conference on Spoken …, 2002 – isca-speech.org … This paper describes the Speech Application Language Tags, or SALT, an emerging spoken language interface standard for multimodal or speech … Web-based distributed computing environment and elaborates how SALT can be used to implement multimodal dialog systems. … Cited by 35 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Toward Widely-Available and Usable Multimodal Conversational Interfaces [PDF] from mit.edu S Seneff, A Gruenstein – 2009 – dspace.mit.edu … If not for him, I have no idea what I would be doing today. Another important experience over the last five years was meeting other young researchers in the field at the Young Researchers Roundtable on Spoken Dialogue Systems. … Related articles – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Quality of telephone-based spoken dialogue systems S Möller – 2005 – books.google.com Page 1. TELEPHONE-BASED SPOKEN DIALOGUE SYSTEMS Sebastian Moller Page 2. Page 3. Quality of Telephone-Based Spoken Dialogue Systems Thi so RC9R-8L4-GBLD Page 4. Page 5. QUALITY OF TELEPHONE … Cited by 108 – Related articles – Library Search – All 6 versions

Sequential multimodal input HW Hon… – US Patent 7,158,779, 2007 – Google Patents … M.Baum, et al., Speech and Multimodal Dialogue Systems for Telephony Applications Based on a Speech Database of Austrian … Recently, voice portals such as through the use of SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) or VoiceXML (voice extensible markup language … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

FACTORING OUT DIALOG CONTROL AND CALL CONTROL SH Maes – US Patent App. 11/848,347, 2007 – Google Patents … models are being established to support description of call control, description of signaling, and description of dialog systems. For example, dialogs can be described with Voice extensible Markup Language (Voice XML or VXML), Speech Application Language Tags (SALT), etc … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Multilingual speech processing [PDF] from uka.de T Schultz… – 2006 – books.google.com … 347 10.5 Conclusion ….. 394 11 Multilingual Spoken Dialog Systems 399 Helen Meng and Devon Li 11.1 Introduction ….. 399 11.2 Previous Work….. … Cited by 82 – Related articles – Library Search – All 7 versions

Voice Interactive Systems R Algimantas, K Ratkevicius… – … Handbook of Smart …, 2008 – Wiley Online Library … new groups of standards are being used in voice applications with a Web application infrastructure using standards-based interface languages such as Voice Extensible Markup Language (VoiceXML) (www.voicexml.org) and Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) (www … Related articles – All 2 versions

Intelligent virtual agents for contact center automation [PDF] from difabbrizio.com M Gilbert, JG Wilpon, B Stern… – Signal Processing …, 2005 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … in one of the mark-up languages designed for voice communications, mainly VoiceXML [1] or speech application language tags (SALT) [22]. … EVALUATING NL SERVICES Spoken language dialog systems used as virtual agents in con- tact centers are resulting in significant cost … Cited by 17 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Towards VoiceXML compilation for portable embedded applications in ubiquitous environments [PDF] from pitt.edu D Bühler… – Ninth European Conference on Speech …, 2005 – isca-speech.org … [1] G. Niklfeld, R. Finan, and M. Puchert, “Architec- ture for Adaptive Multimodal Dialog Systems Based on VoiceXML,” in Proc. … [12] SALT-Forum, “Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) – 1.0 Specification,” http://www.saltforum.org- /saltforum/downloads/SALT1.0.pdf, 2002. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Enabling Vocal Interaction in a Web Portal Environment F Bergenti, L Lazzari, M Mari… – Web Information Systems and …, 2007 – Springer … The SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) Forum groups different companies, which includes Microsoft, Intel and Cisco, sharing a common … Spain (2004) Dybkjaer, L., Bernsen, NO, Minker, W.: Evaluation and Usability of Multimodal Spoken Language Dialogue Systems. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Designing aural information architectures D Bolchini, S Colazzo, P Paolini… – Proceedings of the 24th …, 2006 – dl.acm.org … SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) is an XML based markup language that is used in HTML and XHTML pages to add speech output and interaction capabilities to web based applications. … [12] Speech Application Language Tags. … Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Hearsay: enabling audio browsing on hypertext content [PDF] from www2004.org IV Ramakrishnan, A Stent… – Proceedings of the 13th …, 2004 – dl.acm.org Page 1. HearSay: Enabling Audio Browsing on Hypertext Content IV Ramakrishnan Department of Computer Science Stony Brook University Stony Brook, NY 11794-4400 ram@cs.stonybrook.edu Amanda Stent Department … Cited by 91 – Related articles – All 32 versions

[PDF] Towards embedding VoiceXML applications through compilation [PDF] from hamerich.de D Bühler… – Proceedings of the’Berliner XML-Tage 2004, 2004 – hamerich.de … R., und Puchert, M.: Architecture for Adaptive Multimodal Dialog Systems Based on VoiceXML. In: Proc. EUROSPEECH. Aalborg, Denmark. 2001. [opt] OptimTalk platform homepage. http://www.optimtalk.cz. [SF02] SALT-Forum. Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) – 1.0 … Cited by 12 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

XM-flow: An Extensible Micro-flow for Multimodal Interaction [PDF] from psu.edu L Li, W Chou, F Liu… – Multimedia Signal Processing, …, 2006 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 3] Reithinger, Norbert and Sonntag, Daniel: “An integration framework for a mobile multimodal dialogue system accessing the semantic web”, in Proceedings ofINTERSPEECH 2005, pp 841-844, September 2005. … [8] SALT Forum, Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) 1.0 … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Voice Interactive Classroom, a service-oriented software architecture to enable cross-platform multi-channel access to Internet-based learning [PDF] from uniovi.es VM Alvarez García – 2011 – recopila.uniovi.es Page 1. Provided for non–commercial research and education use. Not for reproduction, distribution or commercial use. European Ph.D. Dissertation Defence: 17th February 2011 Supervisors: Dr. María del Puerto Paule Ruiz … Related articles – All 6 versions

[BOOK] Practical spoken dialog systems D Dahl – 2005 – books.google.com Page 1. TJEJXJTJJJ8JPJEJEJCJHJJ AjNjD|jLjA|N)a)UJAjOJEjJ UUCjHjNjOjLjOjajYlJJJ PRACTICAL SPOKEN DIALOG SYSTEMS Edited by Deborah Dahl Klwver Academe Publishers Page 2. Practical Spoken Dialog Systems Page 3. … Cited by 12 – Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

System and method for providing transcription services using a speech server in an interactive voice response system MJ Polcyn, EK Cave, KE Waln… – US Patent App. 11/ …, 2006 – Google Patents … Page 10. US 2007/0203708 Al Aug. 30, 2007 3 server. Note that while the VXML protocol is discussed herein, any protocol, such as Speech Application Language Tags (SALT), mark-ups, api access, etc., can be used. [0021 … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] New directions in spoken dialogue technology for pervasive interfaces [PDF] from upenn.edu M McTear – Proceedings of the Workshop on Robust and …, 2004 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … Language Tags) have been developed along with various platforms and tools. However, a number of questions arise when we consider the directions that spoken dialogue research is likely to take within the next few years. Traditionally spoken dialogue systems have been … Cited by 8 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

Integrating speech technologies into a one-on-one digital English classroom JC Yang, CH Lai… – Wireless and Mobile …, 2005 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The ASP.NET programming language, which is embedded with the Speech Application Language Tags (SALT), is used for developing the system. … An interactive dialog system for learning Japanese, Speech Communication, 30(2- 3), 167-177, 2000. [6] A. Gregory. … Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Itech: an interactive technical assistant [PDF] from auburn.edu D WILSON – 2006 – etd.auburn.edu … As the use of spoken user interfaces or speech-based user interfaces is rapidly growing, the development of spoken dialogue systems has gained popularity. Towards … systems. Any spoken dialogue system can be considered conversational to some degree. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Semantics synchronous understanding for robust spoken language applications [PDF] from pitt.edu K Wang – … Recognition and Understanding, 2003. ASRU’03. …, 2003 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 3. EXPERIMENTS AND RESULTS To assess the efficacy of SSU, we implemented two prototypes using the MiPad scenarios [7] and the bootstrap language model (Sec. 2.1) in HTML and the speech application language tags (SALT) [19,20]. 643 Page 5. 3.1 Experiment design … Cited by 15 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Book Review J Pittermann – Computational Linguistics, 2005 – MIT Press … Developer (RAD), VoiceXML platforms, and platforms for multimodal Web-based applications like Microsoft’s SALT (Speech Application Language Tags), some of … subsequent chapters of the second part consist of tutorials on how to develop and implement a dialogue system. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 4 versions

Advances in Intelligent MultiMedia: MultiModal semantic representation [PDF] from ulster.ac.uk P McKevitt – Pacific Rim International Conference on …, 2005 – eprints.ulster.ac.uk … SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) (2002) is an open standard attempt to augment existing XML- based markup languages in … of the International CLASS Workshop on Natural, Intelligent and Effective interaction in MultiModal Dialogue Systems, Copenhagen, Denmark … Cited by 2

Overview of System Architecture A Kellner – Spoken multimodal human-computer dialogue in …, 2005 – Springer … OOA was developed by SRI and is used as a base in several dialogue systems (Cheng and Gupta, 2000; Moran et al., 1997). … The two most promising approaches are VoiceXML (Voice extensible Markup Language) and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags). … Related articles – All 3 versions

Device independent Multimodal Dialogue Systems: An application-centered Perspective J Kreutel, N Georgalas… – Ubiquitous Services and …, 2005 – books.google.com … The multimodal interface, further, allows to apply optimistic grounding strategies, assuming that the user will correct erroneous values using the graphical input possibilities (for grounding in dialogue systems, see the work of David … Speech Application Language Tags, http://www … Related articles – All 4 versions

System and method to disambiguate user’s intention in a spoken dialog system GDI Fabbrizio… – EP Patent 1,557,824, 2005 – freepatentsonline.com … The present invention relates to spoken dialog systems and to the dialog manager module within such a system. … Often, existing specifications and industry standards such as Voice XML and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) have difficulty with more complex speech … Related articles – Cached

Assisted multi-modal dialogue RJ Lecoeuche – US Patent App. 10/652,685, 2003 – Google Patents Page 1. US 20050091059A1 (19) United States (12) Patent Application Publication (io) Pub. No.: US 2005/0091059 Al Lecoeuche (43) Pub. Date: Apr. 28,2005 (54) ASSISTED MULTI-MODAL DIALOGUE (75) Inventor: Renaud … Cited by 22 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Semantic object synchronous understanding in SALT for highly interactive user interface [PDF] from psu.edu K Wang – … European Conference on Speech Communication and …, 2003 – isca-speech.org … The Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) [1] was introduced to enable speech as a viable input/output modality for computer user interactions. … users enjoy full duplex conversations among one another, it is natural for human to expect the spoken dialog systems to behave … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] MediaHub: An Intelligent MultiMedia Distributed Platform Hub [PDF] from paulmckevitt.com GG Campbell, T Lunney… – 2005 – paulmckevitt.com … model. 2.3.9 SmartKom SmartKom (Wahlster 2003, Wahlster et al. 2001, SmartKom 2005) is a multimodal dialogue system that is being developed to help overcome the problems of interaction between people and machines. The … Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

[PDF] Audient: An Acoustic Search Engine [PDF] from tedleath.com T Leath – Supervisor: Prof. Paul McKevitt, Research plan. Faculty …, 2005 – tedleath.com … languages, and may be regarded as a subset of the Voice Extensible Markup Language (VoiceXML), Speech Application Language Tags (SALT), XHTML … and to advance the state of the art both in speech recognition and related areas including dialogue systems and speech … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Multimodal Mobile Robot Control Using Speech Application Language Tags [PDF] from psu.edu M Pucher… – Ambient Intelligence, 2003 – Springer … are a common method for the design of dialog systems. These blocks can be combined to implement the dialog management of our application. Figure 4 shows a design pattern for an Page 6. Multimodal Mobile Robot Control Using Speech Application Language Tags 61 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 9 versions

[CITATION] Review of Eclipse by Steve Holzner. O’Reilly & Associates, 2004, $44.95, ISBN: 0-596-00641-1. MS Joy – Queue, 2004 – dl.acm.org … In the second part, the knowledge obtained in the first part is used to build working dialogue systems, using two different toolsets: the CSLU (Center for Spoken … Emerging standards for multimodal systems, such as SALT (speech application language tags), are also described. …

[CITATION] Review of Spoken Dialogue Technology by Michael F. McTear. Springer-Verlag, 2004, $59.95, ISBN 1-85233-672-2. T Portele – Queue, 2004 – dl.acm.org … In the second part, the knowledge obtained in the first part is used to build working dialogue systems, using two different toolsets: the CSLU (Center for Spoken … Emerging standards for multimodal systems, such as SALT (speech application language tags), are also described. …

System and method to disambiguate and clarify user intention in a spoken dialog system G Di Fabbrizio… – US Patent App. 10/763,085, 2004 – Google Patents … [0004] 2. Introduction [0005] The present invention relates to spoken dialog systems and to the … Often, existing specifica- tions and industry standards such as Voice XML and SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) have difficulty with more complex speech applications. … All 2 versions

Spoken Language Interface in ECMA/ISO Telecommunication Standards [PDF] from psu.edu K Wang – Eighth International Conference on Spoken Language …, 2004 – isca-speech.org … [3] W3C, VoiceXML Specification, version 2.0, March 2004. [4] SALT Forum, Speech Application Language Tags Specification, version 1.0, June 2002. [5] K. Wang, “SALT: Spoken Language Interface for Web- based Multimodal Dialog Systems,” in Proc. … Related articles – All 9 versions

Semantic object synchronous understanding for highly interactive interface K Wang – EP Patent 1,482,479, 2004 – freepatentsonline.com … by the system 10 based on partial semantic parses or objects can be implemented using SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) or other … Further details regarding the semantic language model are described in K. Wang, “Semantic modeling for dialog systems in a pattern … Related articles – Cached

Beyond Technology S Taylor – Practical spoken dialog systems, 2004 – Springer … At the time of this writing, we see deployments using VoiceXML 2.0 [1] and announcements of new multi-model specifications including Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) [2] and XHTML+Voice [3]. Where just a few years ago, recognizers integrated with proprietary IVR … Related articles – All 3 versions

SALT: an XML application for web-based multimodal dialog management [PDF] from upenn.edu K Wang – Proceedings of the 2nd workshop on NLP and XML- …, 2002 – dl.acm.org … SALT Forum (2002) Speech Application Language Tags Specification, http://www. saltforum.org. Wang K. (2000) Implementation of a multimodal dialog system using extensible markup language, In Proc. ICSLP-2000, Beijing China. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 30 versions

[DOC] Beyond SALT Versus VoiceXML: Coping With The Wealth Of Standards In Speech And Multimodal Self-Service Applications [DOC] from ru.ac.za KW Scholz – CUSTOMER INTERACTION SOLUTIONS, 2003 – cs.ru.ac.za … Call Control eXtensible Markup Language is designed to provide telephony call control support for dialog systems. … Speech Application Language Tags is a platform-independent standard that makes possible multimodal and telephony-enabled access to information … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – BL Direct – All 2 versions

[PDF] A software framework for out-of-turn interaction in a multimodal web interface [PDF] from trc.gov.om A Shenoy – 2003 – el.trc.gov.om … at such sites. While our framework addresses out-of-turn interaction management in a dialog system, it is pertinent to note that such attributes constitute only one facet of the dialog management problem. Dialog management … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 8 versions

[PDF] State of the art review: Multimodal fission [PDF] from ed.ac.uk ME Foster – COMIC project Deliverable, 2002 – groups.inf.ed.ac.uk Page 1. Author: Mary Ellen Foster (University of Edinburgh) Date: 27 September 2002 Deliverable 6.1 State of the art review: Multimodal fission Document history Date Editor Explanation Status 27 September MEF Removed … Cited by 13 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Semantic object synchronous understanding for highly interactive interface K Wang – US Patent App. 10/447,399, 2003 – Google Patents … SYSTEM MEMORY “(ROM)” ~151 I BIOS 153 I 1^ (RAM) 152 OPERATING SYSTEM 154 APPLICATION PROGRAMS 155 OTHER PROGRAM MODULES 156 150 140 PROCESSING UNIT IT VIDEO INTERFACE OUTPUT … [0004] Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) has … All 2 versions

[PDF] CLASS Natural and Multimodal Interactivity Deliverable D1. 5+ 6 [PDF] from spokendialogue.dk NO Bernsen… – 2003 – spokendialogue.dk … specific material on which the report is based are the 21 papers presented by invited speakers and colleagues responding to an open competitive call for papers for the CLASS Workshop on Natural, Intelligent and Effective Interaction in Multimodal Dialogue Systems held in … Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

Supporting Out-of-turn Interactions in a Multimodal Web Interface [PDF] from arxiv.org A Shenoy, N Ramakrishnan… – Arxiv preprint cs/ …, 2003 – arxiv.org … Technologies such as SALT (Speech Application Language Tags) and X+V (XHTML plus Voice) are ushering in the speech-enabled web – documents that can talk and listen rather than passively display content. … The Thoughtful Elephant: Strategies for Spoken Dialog Systems. … Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] TeleMorph & TeleTuras: Bandwidth determined Mobile MultiModal Presentation [PDF] from paulmckevitt.com AJ Solon – 2006 – paulmckevitt.com … network QoS Quality of Service QTtext QuickTime text format RDF Resource Description Framework RDF-S RDF Schema RST Rhetorical Structure Theory RTSP Real Time Streaming Protocol SA Selective Availability SALT Speech Application Language Tags SGML Standard … Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] VoiceXML and Next-Generation Voice Services [PDF] from psu.edu A Hocek – Proceedings of the XML Conference and Exposition, …, 2002 – Citeseer … Lastly, when designing natural dialog systems a language like NLSML will simplify integration with other decision- making logic and provide a manageable mechanism for monitoring and testing results. Bibliography … [SALT] Speech Application Language Tags Available at http … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] A Telephone-Based Speech Recognition System and VoiceXML Application Design Tool [PDF] from shef.ac.uk M Dudbridge… – 2002 – dcs.shef.ac.uk … Through the combined use of speech technology and telephony, interactive dialog systems and the voice-enabled web are tomorrow’s … companies have formed the SALT Forum in order to create a new speech standard featuring Speech Application Language Tags (or SALT) [11 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] An application-independent speaker adaptation service [PDF] from kth.se H Söderquist – Department for Speech, Music and Hearing KTH, …, 2002 – speech.kth.se … This makes this system less flexible and therefore less usable for this project. 2.2 SALT SALT 5 is short for “Speech Application Language Tags” and is a joint initiative between Cisco, Comverse, Intel, Microsoft, Philips and SpeechWorks. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

Dynamic creation of a conversational system from dialogue objects T Winterkamp… – US Patent App. 10/490,884, 2002 – Google Patents Page 1. US 20050043953A1 (19) United States (12) Patent Application Publication (io) Pub. No.: US 2005/0043953 Al Winterkamp et al. (43) Pub. Date: Feb. 24,2005 (54) DYNAMIC CREATION OF A CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEM … All 2 versions

[PDF] Confucius: An intelligent multimedia storytelling interpretation and presentation system [PDF] from paulmckevitt.com ME Ma – First Year Report, School of Computing and Intelligent …, 2002 – paulmckevitt.com Page 1. CONFUCIUS: An Intelligent MultiMedia storytelling interpretation and presentation system Minhua Eunice Ma Supervisor: Prof. Paul Mc Kevitt First year report Date: 29 September 2002 Presented as a requirement for Ph.D. in … Cited by 9 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[PDF] Strategies for Enterprise Voice Enabled Web Projects [PDF] from psu.edu B Duggan – 2003 – Citeseer … QA Quality Assurance RAF REVIEW Achievement Framework RDS Rejection Death Spiral REVIEW Roadmap for Enterprise Voice Enabled Web ROI Return on Investment SALT Speech Application Language Tags … systems, to limited vocabulary, directed dialogue systems. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions