XML Grammar & Dialog Systems


Notes:

Recent development efforts have focused on making the realizers practical to use in dialogue systems, and improving the grammar development process. Focus has been on the REST components that could constitute a chat-based dialog system. The grammars in a directed dialog system will normally be small with little complexity. For instance, usual speech dialogue systems in cars have to be really modest in their memory usage, having only 128 KB available is a usual thing. Compilers include a compiler for XML grammars conforming to the W3C Speech Recognition Grammar Specification (SRGS). A grammar transformer converts an XML grammar into a format accepted by the dialog system. The XML grammar can be expanded to include the representation of the agent’s goals. Rules from the XML grammar are used in the VCI (Voice Control Interface) for robots. Speech recognition modules work according to a XML grammar file. Input may consist of a wave sound file containing speech and a newly created XML grammar file. Devices can publish events corresponding to ASR (Automatic Speech Recognition) events by first parsing the XML grammar. There are plans for bootstraping a wide coverage grammar for English from the CCG (Combinatory Categorial Grammar) Bank, and to develop improved XML grammar management tools.

 


[PDF] A spoken dialogue system to control robots [PDF] from umu.se H Motallebipour… – Projektarbeten 2002, 2003 – cs.umu.se … An overview of dialogue systems is given in (0). The language tools used in this pa- per are basically automatic speech recogni- tion (ASR … 2 A SAPI 5 included XML CFG grammar application compiles CFG XML grammars into the binary format required by the SAPI 5 speech … Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

A model for multimodal dialogue system output applied to an animated talking head J Beskow, J Edlund… – Spoken multimodal human- …, 2005 – Springer … Secondly, the dialogue system must be able to send the GESOM message to the output device. … The GESOM 1.0 DTD (Document Type Definition, ie, XML grammar)1 is presented in simplified form in Figure 3. The actual DTD defines head and body elements, which are … Cited by 13 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Towards VoiceXML Compilation for Portable Embedded Applications in Ubiquitous Environments [PDF] from pitt.edu D Bühler… – Ninth European Conference on Speech …, 2005 – isca-speech.org … There- fore usual speech dialogue systems in cars have to be really modest in their memory usage, having only 128 KB available is a usual thing. … The compiler includes a compiler for XML grammars conforming the W3C Speech Recognition Grammar Specification (SRGS). … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Activities of interactive speech technology consortium (ISTC) targeting open software development for MMI systems [PS] from tut.ac.jp T Nitta, S Sagayama, Y Yamashita… – Robot and Human …, 2004 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 166 – Page 3. of a word. A grammar transformer in Figure 2 converts an XML grammar into a format accepted by Julius. I Command Interpreter 1 … SSM can interrupt speech output to cope with the barge-in by the user of the dialog system. … Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] Adapting chart realization to CCG [PDF] from ohio-state.edu M White… – Proceedings of the 9th …, 2003 – people.cohums.ohio-state.edu … We suggest that this anytime focus is appropriate for practical use in dialog systems. … In addition, we plan to bootstrap a wide coverage grammar for English from the CCG Bank (Hockenmaier and Steedman, 2002), and to develop improved XML grammar management tools. Cited by 50 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

The DSD schema language [PDF] from brics.dk N Klarlund, A Møller… – Automated Software Engineering, 2002 – Springer … Implicitly, all context patterns begin with a SomeElements element. To see how useful context-dependent definitions are, let us consider a common situation: an XML grammar that represents not one but several related XML notations. … Cited by 107 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 33 versions

[PDF] Instruction and action in the three-tiered robot architecture [PDF] from depaul.edu V Kulyukin… – Proceedings of the International …, 2002 – facweb.cs.depaul.edu … The XML grammar can be expanded to include the representation of the agent’s goals. … [12] Murphy, R. AI Robotics, MIT Press, New York, 2000. [13] Matsui, T., Asoh, H., Fry, J., Motomura, Y., Asano, F., Kurita, T., Hara, I., Otsu, N. “Integrated Natural Spo- ken Dialog System of Jijo … Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Semantic object synchronous understanding in SALT for highly interactive user interface [PDF] from psu.edu K Wang – … European Conference on Speech Communication and …, 2003 – isca-speech.org … exclusively through spoken dialogs (eg [2][3][4]). Because telephone users enjoy full duplex conversations among one another, it is natural for human to expect the spoken dialog systems to behave … <listen mode=”multiple” …> <grammar src=”subject.xml”/> <grammar src=”date … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] The First Spoken Slovak Dialogue System Using Corpus Based TTS [PDF] from psu.edu G Rozinaj, A Páleník, J Cepko, J Juhár, A Cižmár… – Proc. of IWSSIP, 2006 – Citeseer … Telephone Telecom network Fig. 1. Architecture of the Galaxy/VoiceXML based spoken Slovak dialogue system 1.1. … XML Parser creates hierarchical image of VoiceXML application from the VoiceXML code and parses XML grammars and XML content from internet locations. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] Specifying grammars for OpenCCG: A rough guide [PDF] from utexas.edu C Bozsahin, GJM Kruijff… – 2005 – www-math.cc.utexas.edu … Recent development efforts, managed by Michael White, have focused on making the realizer [WB03, Whi04a, Whi04b, Whi05] practical to use in dialogue systems, and improving (somewhat) the grammar development process. … Cited by 7 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 17 versions

[PDF] A Chat-Bot based Multimodal Virtual Guide for Cultural Heritage Tours [PDF] from ucmss.com A Santangelo, A Augello, A Gentile… – Proceedings of the …, 2006 – ww1.ucmss.com … 2004) the annual Loebner Prize which declares to “advance AI and serve as a tool to measure the state of the art”, which makes it a good candidate tool for human-like natural- language based dialogue systems. … From this structure it is easy to induce an XML grammar form. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

Webtalk: Mining websites for interactively answering questions [PDF] from utwente.nl J Feng, S Reddy… – Ninth European Conference on …, 2005 – isca-speech.org … In the following, we focus on the rest components that could constitute a chat-based dialog system. 2.1 … Structured task knowledge is the output of the website data mining module and is represented in XML grammars. Website … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 7 versions

DI@ L-log BY DESIGN: AN INTEGRATED TELE-CARE COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE LA Black, M McTear, N Black… – … in Medicine and …, 2004 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … These factors are also influenced by human perceptions of spoken dialogue systems (SDS) and their interactions with human operators in live … A modest set of XML grammars (both alpha and numerical) have been developed that describe what the caller can say during the … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Input Recognition in Voice Control Interfaces to Three-Tier Autonomous Agents [PDF] from depaul.edu V Kulyukin… – 2002 – facweb.cs.depaul.edu … Here are three rules from the XML grammar used in the VCI to the Pioneer robot. … Dept of Computer Sci- ence, 1989. [4] Fitzgerald, W. and Firby, RJ “Dialogue Systems Re- quire a Reactive Task Architecture,” Proceedings of the 2000 AAAI Spring Symposium, AAAI Press, 2000. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Homedoctor: a prototype in speech user interface H Yong, X De, D Guozhong… – Signal Processing, 2002 …, 2002 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The status of the dialog system changes according to the users’ choices. Figure 5 shows an example of it: r5—– Plase choice you topic. Help systm. 1 Kqnuordr for categoly ti e L. 5 $ R B j B ” Figure 5 : Example of dialog design 4.5 XML Grammar As mentioned before, we … Cited by 1 – Related articles

How to Wreck a Nice Speech Grammar K Godden – Practical Spoken Dialog Systems, 2004 – Springer … As suggested in Figure 2, the grammars in a directed dialog system will normally be small with little complexity. … XML Grammar Syntax ABNF List of Alternatives foo | bar | baz | $anotherGrammar XML List of Alternatives <one-of> <item> foo </item> <item> bar </item> <item> baz … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] GENERIC ARCHITECTURE FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE GENERATION IN SPOKEN HUMAN-COMPUTER DIALOGUE [PDF] from imag.fr V Popescu, J Caelen… – 2007 – www-clips.imag.fr … model, come from the static input to the pragmatic generator: • the level of expertise of the user with respect to the topic of the dialogue; • the social relationship between the user and the institution owning the dialogue system. All these elements given, the XML grammar for the … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Lucent Automatic Speech Recognition: A Speech Recognition Engine for Internet and Telephony Srvice Applications Q Zhou… – Sixth International Conference on Spoken …, 2000 – isca-speech.org … Qiru Zhou1 and Sergey Kosenko2 1. Dialogue Systems Research Department 2. Lucent Speech Solutions Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies 600 … To make LASR3 internet speech processing ready, along with MS SAPI grammar support, we developed a XML grammar format [4 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Language synthesis using image placement [PDF] from uva.nl S DE KONINK – 2008 – fon.hum.uva.nl … MIT Press. Hjalmarsson, A. (2006). Utterance generation in spoken dialog systems. Reither, E., & Dale, R. (2000). Building natural language generation systems. Theune, M. (2003). Natural language generation for dialogue: system survey. Page 6. Appendix A. Design … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Modal Dialogue System Output Applied to an Animated Talking Head. To appear in Minker, W., Bühler, D. and Dybkj r, L.(Eds) Spoken Multimodal Human- … [PDF] from kth.se J Beskow, J Edlund… – speech.kth.se … Secondly, the dialogue system must be able to send the GESOM message to the output device. … The GESOM 1.0 DTD (Document Type Declaration, ie XML grammar) is presented in simplified form in fig. 3. The actual DTD defines <head> and … Related articles – View as HTML

Equivalent Node-Based Speech Grammar Optimization [PDF] from mirlab.org M Zhang, C Guan… – International Symposium on Chinese …, 2002 – isca-speech.org … be understood by a speech recognizer in domain- specific applications, ranging from voice-command-control to computer-telephony dialogue systems. … such as Microsoft SAPI grammar [2], Sun Microsystems Java Speech grammar [3], W3C ABNF and XML grammars [4], Infotalk … Related articles – All 5 versions

Research and implementation of voice interaction system based on PC in intelligent space F Zhou, G Tian, Y Yang, H Xiao… – Automation and Logistics …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … for multiple scenes. According to the XML grammar file, speech recognition module works. If the recognition … body are introduced. Reference [3] presented a dialogue system applying to a model panda in a museum. Human-machine interlocution … Related articles

[PDF] A Simple SAPI Based Spoken Dialogue System [PDF] from daverid.com JD Ridgway – 2011 – daverid.com Page 1. A Simple SAPI Based Spoken Dialogue System MSC Computing John David Ridgway Page 1 MSC Computing A Simple SAPI Based Spoken Dialogue System John David Ridgway (05517219) www.youtube.com/mrdaveridgway September 2011 Page 2. … Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] Automated Regression Testing Approach to Expansion and Refinement of Speech Recognition Grammars [PDF] from fcla.edu RA Dookhoo – 2008 – etd.fcla.edu … ART takes as input a wave sound file containing speech and a newly created XML grammar file. It then simultaneously executes two tests: one with the wave file and the new … 2 Figure 2: Condensed XML Grammar File (DeMara, et al., 2008) …. 7 … Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 2 versions

[HTML] Speech Recognition Grammars for Web Interfaces [HTML] from vxu.se J Nivre – w3.msi.vxu.se … the XML grammar by pressing the View Grammar button. 5 Conclusion. Speech interfaces to the web is an area that is still very much under development, and there is clearly a lot of work to be done before XML-based technology can be used to build real dialog systems in a … Related articles – Cached

[PDF] DotCCG and VisCCG: Wiki and Programming Paradigms for Improved Grammar Engineering with OpenCCG Jason Baldridge†, Sudipta Chatterjee‡, Alexis … [PDF] from utexas.edu TH King, EM Bender… – comp.ling.utexas.edu … In section 4 we then briefly introduce CCG and OpenCCG and some of the problems with OpenCCG’s native XML grammar format. … ing/realization in the systems of a number of projects, many of which are given in Figure 2. Most of these are dialog systems, including natural … Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

[CITATION] Dynamic voice user interface E Onal – 2011 – Texas Tech University Related articles – Library Search – All 7 versions

Compositional specification and realisation of mixed-initiative web dialogs [PDF] from vt.edu N Ramakrishnan, MA Perez-Quinones… – International Journal of …, 2008 – Inderscience … must specify such dialog aspects as how to respond if there are no more tasks eligible for focus, and the various back-ends the dialog system uses. … Forms provide information to the user, collect the resulting user input and interpret the meaning of the input using XML grammars. … Related articles – All 11 versions

Separation of concerns on the orchestration of operations in flexible manufacturing G Veiga, P Malaca, JN Pires… – Assembly Automation, 2011 – emeraldinsight.com … device that can publish events corresponding to ASR events, an application was developed that implemented the following strategy: first, the XML grammar was parsed … The aim of this standard is to provide a basis for future standards in the area of multimodal dialogue systems. …

Dynamically Generating a Vocal Help Prompt in a Multimodal Application S Ativanichayaphong, CW Cross… – US Patent App. …, 2006 – freepatentsonline.com … vocal help prompt through a computer user interface to a user. Related US Applications: Dialog system and dialog control system Ushida et al. – September, 2003 – 20030182129 Repeatable voice-playing gift box Hsu – July … Cached

[PDF] A software framework for out-of-turn interaction in a multimodal web interface [PDF] from psu.edu A Shenoy – 2003 – Citeseer … at such sites. While our framework addresses out-of-turn interaction management in a dialog system, it is pertinent to note that such attributes constitute only one facet of the dialog management problem. Dialog management … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 6 versions

Free tools and resources for Brazilian Portuguese speech recognition N Neto, C Patrick, A Klautau… – Journal of the Brazilian …, 2011 – Springer … 55 Fig. 1 The main constituent blocks of a typical ASR system – An API that hides from the user the low-level details of the decoder operation. The proposed API contains a Microsoft SAPI XML grammar converter for easing the support of ASR. … Related articles – All 3 versions

[BOOK] The DSD Schema Language and its Applications [PDF] from au.dk N Klarlund, A Møller… – 2000 – cs.au.dk … Implicitly, all context patterns begin with a SomeElements element. To see how useful context-dependent definitions are, let us consider a common situation: an XML grammar that represents not one but several related XML notations. … Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 13 versions

[PDF] Toward a theory of document architectures [PDF] from hb.se M Gunnarsson – 2003 – adm.hb.se … models of XML grammars are explicitly disallowed. Natural language CFGs on the other hand are usually not much more than approx- imate descriptions of language performance or a base for highly domain restricted generation of language utterances, in eg dialogue systems. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[DOC] XML: The Future of The World Wide Web [DOC] from imamu.edu.sa E Agarwal – imamu.edu.sa … XML to the Web. GeophysicalML: This is an XML Standard for Web-Based Exchange of Geophysical Data; TalkML: TalkML is an experimental XML language for voice browsers, and supports more natural conversations than dialog systems based on keywords, while remaining … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Software: Infrastructure, Standards, Technologies N Rajput… – Speech in Mobile and Pervasive …, 2012 – Wiley Online Library … For example, a spoken dialog system that can be accessed through a VoIP device should provide for confirmations, since it is not unlikely that a particular utterance is incorrectly recognized by the system. Moreover, … This enables spontaneous interactions in a dialog system. …

Voice operated information system in Slovak [PDF] from cai.sk J Juhár, A Cižmár, M Rusko, M Trnka… – Computing and …, 2012 – cai.sk … Telephone netw ork Fig. 1. The architecture of the Galaxy/VoiceXML based spoken Slovak dialogue system … XML Parser creates hierarchical image of VoiceXML application from the VoiceXML code and parses XML grammars and XML content from internet locations. … Cited by 4 – BL Direct

[PDF] Learning tree languages from text [PDF] from uni-trier.de H Fernau – Theoretical Informatics and Applications, 2007 – informatik.uni-trier.de Page 1. Learning tree languages from text Henning Fernau Universität Trier, FB 4-Abteilung Informatik, 54286 Trier, Germany fernau@informatik.uni-trier.de April 27, 2006 Abstract We study the problem of learning regular tree languages from text. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Web Application User Interface Technologies [PDF] from tkk.fi M Pohja – lib.tkk.fi Page 1. M ik k o P o h ja W e b A p p lica tio n U se r Inte rfa c e T e c h n o lo g ie s A a lto U n ive rs ity Web A User I Techn M ik k o P o h ja W e b A p p lica tio n U se r Inte rfa c e T e c h n o lo g ie s A a lto U n ive rs ity Web Ap User In …

[PDF] Interface de Fala para Dispositivos Móveis [PDF] from microsoft.com J Freitas – download.microsoft.com Page 1. Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa Departamento de Engenharia de Electrónica e Telecomunicações e de Computadores Interface de Fala para Dispositivos Móveis por João Freitas Submetido ao Departamento … Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] ??????????? [PDF] from 203.72.2.115 ???… – 2010 – 203.72.2.115 … (1) Microsoft Speech SDK 6.1 (2) Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 (3) XML Grammar Compliance Tool 14 … Speech Communication , Volume 38, Issues 1-2, 131-139. MJT (2006). VoiceXML dialog system of the multimodal IP-Telephone – The application for voice ordering service. … All 4 versions

[PDF] Survey of Languages, Specifications and Standards for Database and Network Communication [PDF] from autoidlabs.org DL Brock – Auto ID Center White Paper, MIT-AUTOID-WH-015, …, 2002 – autoidlabs.org Page 1. Published November 1, 2002. Distribution restricted to Sponsors until February 1, 2003. auto-id center mASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, 77 mASSACHUSETTS AvENUE, bLDG 3-449, CAmbRIDGE, mA 02139-4307, USA abstract … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] Transnational Information Sharing and Event Notification [PDF] from fcla.edu TR Kasad – 2003 – etd.fcla.edu Page 1. TRANSNATIONAL INFORMATION SHARING AND EVENT NOTIFICATION By THRITY R. KASAD A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 7 versions

Modelling Proactive Behaviour of Conversational Interfaces [PDF] from tu-darmstadt.de M L’Abbate – 2006 – deposit.ddb.de … 20 2.2.3 Spoken and Multi-Modal Dialogue Systems . . . . . 28 2.3 What is proactivity? . . . … Consequently, the need for a simpler technology enabling dialogue systems which can be easely adapted to different domains and various scenarios has arisen. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Voice User Interface at Kiosk in Museum Navigation [PDF] from nhu.edu.tw M Tsai – 2008 – libserver2.nhu.edu.tw … (Recognition Rate) ????,???????????(XML Grammar),?????????( Key words)??XML Grammar ?, … ??Hirohiko Sagawa et al.?Correction Grammars for Error Handling in a Speech Dialog System[17]????????????? …

Personalized City Tours-An Extension of the OGC OpenLocation Specification Personalisierte Stadttouren-Eine Erweiterung der OGC OpenLocation Spezifikation [PDF] from uni-heidelberg.de MM Jöst – archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de Page 1. INAUGURAL – DISSERTATION Zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde der Naturwissenschaftlich- Mathematischen Gesamtfakultät der Ruprechts-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Vorgelegt von: Matthias Michael Jöst Aus: Oftersheim Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: Page 2. Page 3. … Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Estudio de la transmisión de emociones mediante voz sintética por vía telefónica [PDF] from aipo.es N Garay, I Fajardo, JM López… – aipo.es … Tutorial and research workshop on affective dialogue systems, ADS 2004, Kloster Irsee, Germany. LNAI/LNCS 3068, 197-208. … New York: Harper and Row. [26] SAPI 5.0 TTS XML Grammar format http://www.research- lab.com/help/dictation2005/xmlsapi. … Related articles – View as HTML