OpenCyc & Natural Language 2014


  • .. a large-scale computational system that learns from publicly available Internet resources

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Best RoboBrain VideosOpenCyc & Natural Language 2011 | OpenCyc & Natural Language 2012 | OpenCyc & Natural Language 2013

Swip: A Natural Language to SPARQL Interface Implemented with SPARQL C Pradel, O Haemmerlé, N Hernandez – Graph-Based Representation and …, 2014 – Springer … owl:Thing is used instead of each of these forbidden entities, which Page 6. Swip: A Natural Language to SPARQL Interface 265 … Discogs(DataIncubator) DBpedia Tele-graphis BrazilianPoli-ticians OpenCyc Italianpublicschools MoseleyFolk SemanticTweet GTAA … Related articles All 3 versions

A geometric configuration ontology to support spatial querying K Stock – 2014 – … was driven by three goals: 1. To create a simple ontology that could express the most common geospatial natural language expressions, rather … For example, OpenCyc includes spatial relations hangs from and suspended in liquid, which are not commonly used with geospatial … Related articles All 11 versions

Language Processing Infrastructure in the XLike Project B Fortuna, E Garc?a-Cuesta, Z Li, T Štajner, M Tadic – … Thanks to existing connections between WN and other resources, SUMO and OpenCYC sense codes are also output when available. … In CoNLL 2008: Pro- ceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Computa- tional Natural Language Learning, pages 9–16, Manchester, England … Related articles All 4 versions

Crowd-Sourcing Ontology Content and Curation: The Massive Ontology Interface S Sarjant, C Legg, M Stannett… – Formal Ontology in …, 2014 – … As every concept typically lists one or more strings as synonyms (inherited from OpenCyc or extracted from Wikipedia), as well as a canonical name, the majority of the ontology’s information can be repre- sented in natural language format. …

Conceptual and content-based annotation of (multimedia) documents GP Zarri – Multimedia Tools and Applications, 2014 – Springer … (last accessed 4 February 2013); (last accessed 4 February 2013); … Introduction to modeltheoretic semantics of natural language, Formal Logic and Discourse Representation. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Chatbots as Interface to Ontologies A Augello, G Pilato, G Vassallo, S Gaglio – Advances onto the Internet of …, 2014 – Springer … implementation of the CyN project [4]. The aim of the project was to provide a natural language interface to the Cyc ontology, making its content available to a wide number of users. in particular CyN is the integration of the Aiml interpreter written in C++ Program N to OpenCyc. … Related articles All 3 versions

Semi-automated Vocabulary Building for Structured Legal English S Ramakrishna, A Paschke – Rules on the Web. From Theory to …, 2014 – Springer … AlchemyAPI: AlchemyAPI [15], is a tool which employs the methods of deep linguistic parsing, statistical natural language processing, and … It builds upon semantic web functionality, AlchemyAPI concepts and entities are linked to DBpedia, Freebase, OpenCyc, GeoNames etc. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

Populating semantic virtual environments CD Pelkey, JM Allbeck – Computer Animation and Virtual …, 2014 – Wiley Online Library … In Proceedings of the 2007 USENIX Annual Technical Conference, Santa Clara, CA, USA, June 17-22, 2007. 19 Bird S, Klein E, Loper E. Natural Language Processing with Python. O’Reilly Media: Cambridge, 2009. 20 Inc. Cycorp. OpenCyc Platform, 2014. … Related articles

Metaphoric Gestures: Towards Grounded Mental Spaces M Lhommet, S Marsella – Intelligent Virtual Agents, 2014 – Springer … These objects are created in a specific micro-theory inside OpenCyc to control the inferences that are made. … First, this model could be coupled to a behavior planner that generates nonverbal behaviors us- ing either a natural language generator capable of also generating … Related articles All 4 versions

Sentiments analysis at conceptual level making use of the Narrative Knowledge Representation Language GP Zarri – Neural Networks, 2014 – Elsevier … by “deep” conceptual analysis tools aiming at describing, in sufficient detail, the behaviors (according to the most general meaning of this term) and the mutual relationships of the (human and non-human) characters that appear in the original natural language documents. … Related articles All 4 versions

Domain Models Schemas: A Semantic Web Perspective T SLIMANI – 2014 – … Close to natural language Not related to natural language (uses techniques IDs to (gives linguistic equivalents natural language abstract natural language) of each entry, translations in other languages) … OpenCyc – An ontology of everyday, common sense terms. … Related articles

Lecture 8: Ontologies RV Belavkin – … ontologies represent common concepts and relations used across a wide range of domains (eg OpenCyc, SUMO, WordNet … the English language ThoughtTreasure : A commonsense knowledge base and architecture for natural language … Related articles

A Semantic Knowledge Base Construction Method for Information Security Y Yao, X Ma, H Liu, J Yi, X Zhao… – Trust, Security and …, 2014 – … OpenCyc[3] is ontology based common sense knowledge base enabling a commonsense reasoning, which contains hundreds … extracting, Latent semantic analysis Data flow, Plain text Unstructured Individuals Protocol analysis, Machine learning, Natural language processing … Related articles

Fuzzy web knowledge aggregation, representation, and reasoning for online privacy and reputation management E Portmann, W Pedrycz – Fuzzy Cognitive Maps for Applied Sciences and …, 2014 – Springer … Using fuzzy logic’s epistemic facet [25] allows defining fuzzy ontologies 0 with expressions from natural language L [6]. When the nodes (ie … computers (ie, there is already software that automatically supports human reasoning process such as EYE,11 Jena,12 OpenCyC,13 Pyke … Cited by 6 Related articles All 5 versions

“Teach one, teach all”-The explosive combination of instructible robots connected via cyber systems M Scheutz – Cyber Technology in Automation, Control, and …, 2014 – … about objects, scenes and activities, or on large natural language corpora for learning various aspects about natural language (from part … words, concepts, and facts from large corpora and online linguistic resources such as WordNet, VerbNet, ConceptNet, OpenCyc, and others … Related articles

Towards Legal Knowledge Representation System Leveraging RDF R Schönhof, A Tenschert, A Cheptsov – SEMAPRO 2014, The Eighth …, 2014 – … Beside these tools, the Stanford Natural Language Processing Group (SNLPG) at the University of Stanford developed a broad range of computer linguistic tools including a part … There are also attempts to add information from the universal knowledgebase such as OpenCyc [18 … Related articles

RoboBrain: Large-Scale Knowledge Engine for Robots A Saxena, A Jain, O Sener, A Jami, DK Misra… – arXiv preprint arXiv: …, 2014 – … near humans [42, 39], obeying user preferences [9], generating human like and legible motions [22, 16], interaction through natural language [57, 44 … resource for RoboBrain is by crawling knowledge sources on the Internet such as WordNet, ImageNet, Free- base and OpenCyc. … Related articles All 6 versions

Computationally efficient ontology selection in software requirement planning RBK Brown, G Beydoun, G Low, W Tibben… – Information Systems …, 2014 – Springer … that arise in attempting to apply formal and machine-processable seman- tics to process models typically expressed in natural language and rich … Cyc.owl OpenCyc is the open source version of the Cyc technology, the world’s largest and most complete general knowledge base … Related articles

Bootstrapping a historical commodities lexicon with SKOS and DBpedia E Klein, B Alex, J Clifford – EACL 2014, 2014 – … We initially experimented with UMBEL, 17 an extensive up- per ontology in SKOS format based on OpenCyc (Ma- tuszek et al., 2006). … and we have argued that it can help to gener- ate a lexicon which can be used as part of standard techniques in natural language processing. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Wikichatter: A Proof of Concept for Wikified Chatbots CR Slee – … Keywords Chatbots, Wikification, Wikipedia, Semantic Net- works, Text Generation, Natural Language Processing, Knowledge Representation … Thus, most AIML bots will use the OpenCyc commonsense ontology[18] for generating new knowledge and learning from user input. … Related articles All 2 versions

ConceptOnto: An upper ontology based on Conceptnet E Najmi, K Hashmi, Z Malik, HU Khan, A Rezgui – … knowledge that most people generally possess, in a way understandable for intelligence programs which can use natural language or make … converted to commercialized product in 1994, there are free versions specif- ically created for researchers in OpenCyc and ResearchCyc … Related articles

Knowledge-based instruction of manipulation tasks for industrial robotics M Stenmark, J Malec – Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 2014 – Elsevier … However, the sequence can also be created directly by the user, either manually or by using a natural language instruction interface. Later … The natural language interface is described in more detail elsewhere [29] and [30]. The … Related articles All 3 versions

Mining Meaning from Text by Harvesting Frequent and Diverse Semantic Itemsets L Di Caro, G Boella – … between Data Mining and Natural Language … – … Keywords: Natural Language Understanding, Distributional Seman- tics, Diverse Itemset Mining 1 Introduction … Other knowledge bases are UMBEL (ie, a 20k subjects ontology derived from OpenCyc), GeoNames Mining Meaning from Text 23 Page 8. … Related articles All 2 versions

A knowledge-based system for prototypical reasoning A Lieto, A Minieri, A Piana, DP Radicioni – Connection Science, 2014 – Taylor & Francis … To test it, we have considered a basic inference task: given an input description in natural language, the system should be able to find, even for typicality-based description (that is, most of common sense descriptions), the corresponding concept category by combining … Cited by 3 Related articles

Domain Categorization of Open Educational Resources Based on Linked Data J Chicaiza, N Piedra, J Lopez-Vargas… – … Engineering and the …, 2014 – Springer … 7]. In addition DBPedia resources are linked to other data sources and ontologies such as Geonames, YAGO, OpenCyc, and WordNet … To perform the entity recognition, traditionally have been used approaches based on Natural Language Processing, lexical databases such as … Related articles All 2 versions

What Formalism for the Semantic Web? H A?t-Kaci – … 1 2 3 http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Method_of_analytic_tableaux 4 Using of tableau methods is the case of the most prominent … it has been a major paradigm in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP … Related articles All 3 versions

Towards an Approximative Ontology-Agnostic Approach for Logic Programs JCP da Silva, A Freitas – Foundations of Information and Knowledge …, 2014 – Springer … 1 2 Distributional semantic models can be specialized to exclude certain types of seman- tic … In order to bring to logic programs the ability of semantically relate predicate symbols which use a meaningful natural language descriptor, we will … Cited by 3 Related articles All 10 versions

Text-Mining, Structured Queries, and Knowledge Management on Web Document Corpora H Mousavi, M Atzori, S Gao, C Zaniolo – ACM SIGMOD Record, 2014 – … and it is currently used to manage our KB and upgrade it with information generated by crowdsourcing. Ease of access is achieved if the system can take users’ queries expressed in natural language and translate them into SPARQL queries [14]. … [5] Opencyc. … Related articles All 3 versions

Taxonomy Construction Using Syntactic Contextual Evidence LA Tuan, J Kim, NS Kiong – Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), pages 810–819, October 25-29 … in- creasing number of hand-crafted, well-structured taxonomies publicly available, including WordNet (Miller, 1995), OpenCyc (Matuszek et al … Related articles All 6 versions

Using machine learning methods for disambiguating place references in textual documents J Santos, I Anastácio, B Martins – GeoJournal, 2014 – Springer … disambiguation. The first sub-task is deeply related to the problem of named entity recognition (NER), which has been thoroughly studied in the natural language processing (NLP) community (Nadeau and Sekine 2007 ). The … Cited by 1 Related articles

CrowdLink: Crowdsourcing for Large-Scale Linked Data Management A Basharat, IB Arpinar, S Dastgheib… – … (ICSC), 2014 IEEE …, 2014 – … Yet, OpenCyc explicitly states that these two are distinct. … Among the most recent works in crowdsourcing, ZenCrowd identifies entities from natural language text and automatically connects them to the LOD cloud [7]. It also uses crowd- sourcing to improve the quality of the links … Related articles All 2 versions

Link Prediction in Very Large Directed Graphs: Exploiting Hierarchical Properties in Parallel D Garcia-Gasulla, U Cortés – … knowledge. OpenCyc is a reduced version of Cyc which contains most of the same concepts, taxonomic relationships, well-formedness information about predicates and natural language strings associated with each term. In … Related articles All 3 versions

Toward Global Health Interoperability: Ontology Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine Through Comparative Analyses A Vo, K Liu, T Horan, Y He – … Table 1: Medical Ontology Exemplars OpenCyc and WorldNet are the overarching ontologies that are used for classifying common knowledge and natural language processing. The goal of these ontologies is to determine constructs at an abstract level to be used in any field. … Related articles

DBpedia–A large-scale, multilingual knowledge base extracted from Wikipedia J Lehmann, R Isele, M Jakob, A Jentzsch… – Semantic Web, 2014 – IOS Press Page 1. UNCORRECTED PROOF Semantic Web 00 (20xx) 1–29 1 DOI 10.3233/SW-140134 IOS Press 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 28 29 29 30 30 31 31 … Cited by 153 Related articles All 9 versions

An Iterative Approach towards Interactive Digital Narrative–Early Results with the Advanced Stories Authoring and Presentation System H Koenitz – New Horizons in Web Based Learning, 2014 – Springer … of ASAPS by the research community has mostly centered on the lack of more advanced computational functions, for example natural language processing. … In a similar way, a query could be sent to the knowledge-based commonsense reasoning engine OpenCyc [26] or similar … Related articles All 2 versions

General Requirements of a Hybrid-Modeling Framework for Cyber Security A Oltramari, N Ben-Asher, L Cranor… – Military …, 2014 – … Computational ontologies have found application in a growing variety of areas, such as biomedical informatics, robotics, natural language processing, sentiment analysis, etc. [39]. … [29] BJ Best, N. Gerhart, & C. Lebiere, “Extracting the Ontological Structure of OpenCyc for Reuse … Related articles

An Introduction to Question Answering over Linked Data C Unger, A Freitas, P Cimiano – Reasoning Web. Reasoning on the Web …, 2014 – Springer … Especially question answering systems are receiving much interest, as they provide intuitive access to data via natural language and shield end users from technical aspects related to data modelling, vocabularies and query languages. … Related articles All 4 versions

Towards an extended model of conceptual representations in formal ontologies: A typicality-based proposal M Frixione, A Lieto – Journal of Universal Computer Science, 2014 – Page 1. Towards an Extended Model of Conceptual Representations in Formal Ontologies: A Typicality-Based Proposal Marcello Frixione (University of Genoa, Genova, Italy Antonio Lieto (University … Cited by 5 Related articles All 4 versions

Communication Aspects: How Landmarks Enrich the Communication Between Human and Machine KF Richter, S Winter – Landmarks, 2014 – Springer … The SpaceBook system uses commercial software for parsing natural language input as well as for speech generation. … Users have to select a fitting concept from CogSketch’s knowledge base, which is derived from OpenCyc 11 and contains over 58,000 concepts. … Related articles

A Design for Commonsense Knowledge Enhanced High-Frequency Market Analysis System K Chen, H Wang, J Yin, D Xie – Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering, 2014 – Springer … The first one is OpenCyc (v2.0), which is the open source version of the Cyc project … Natural Language Processing and Information Systems, Proceedings 3513, 322–332 (2005) 5. Lenat, DB, Guha, RV: Building Large Knowledge-Based Systems; Representation and Inference in … Related articles

Representation and management of complex ‘narrative’ information GP Zarri – Language, Culture, Computation. Computing of the …, 2014 – Springer … that the verbalized expression of a single (NKRL) elementary event includes at most an (implicit or explicit) generalized natural language (NL) predicate … ontology that structures the CYC knowledge base is now freely accessible on the Web, see … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Analyzing future communities in growing citation networks S Jung, A Segev – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2014 – Elsevier … The Concept Tagging method gives a high-level abstraction of a given text by utilizing natural language process techniques with external databases such as DBpedia or OpenCyc and returns concepts which were not directly mentioned in the text itself. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 4 versions

Envisioning the qualitative effects of robot manipulation actions using simulation-based projections L Kunze, M Beetz – … The task-related objects mentioned in the natural language instructions above are a pan (pancake maker), a pancake mix, a pancake, and … particular the semantic web ontology language OWL4. We build our representations on OpenCyc’s5 upper-ontology and extend type and … Related articles All 2 versions

KIEV: a Tool for Extracting Semantic Relations from the World Wide Web. N Takhirov, F Duchateau, T Aalberg, IT Sølvberg – EDBT, 2014 – … We finally demonstrate three use cases for which KIEV is useful. Categories and Subject Descriptors I.2.6 [Artificial Intelligence]: Learning; I.2.7 [Artificial Intelli- gence]: Natural Language Processing … DBpedia Freebase OpenCyc LOD Knowledge Bases Classification Linking … Related articles All 9 versions

Transition-based Knowledge Graph Embedding with Relational Mapping Properties M Fan, Q Zhou, E Chang, TF Zheng – 2014 – … can be better leveraged in this way. Therefore, in- 1 2 3 4http://wiki.dbpedia. org Copyright 2014 by Miao Fan, Qiang Zhou, Emily …

Using Ontologies for Integrated Knowledge Management in Organization Design and Engineering MA Sicilia, M Lytras, N Jones – Organization Design and …, 2014 – … Without ontologies and similar formal representations, codified knowl- edge is still in the natural language form used by humans to communi- cate and interact. … The ontology is expressed in OWL, and it refers to terms in the OpenCyc ontology. …

A Metaontology for Annotating Ontology Entities with Vagueness Descriptions P Alexopoulos, S Peroni, B Villazón-Terrazas… – … Reasoning for the …, 2014 – Springer … Table 1. The three natural language questions of each task (T1, T2 and T3) to translate in SPARQL. T1. What are all the entities that have been defined either as vague or non-vague and why? … 3 Available at … Related articles All 3 versions

Word-sense disambiguation for ontology mapping: Concept disambiguation using virtual documents and information retrieval techniques FC Schadd, N Roos – Journal on Data Semantics, 2014 – Springer … resources. SUMO [55], MILO [56], Cyc [44] and OpenCyc [73] can be categorized as abstract upper ontologies. … basis. However, a common occurrence in con- cepts formulated using natural language is word-sense ambi- guity. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

An ontological approach for reliable data integration in the industrial domain S Borgo – Computers in Industry, 2014 – Elsevier … The physical vs. information (or functional) distinction, blurred in natural language, is only one of the targets of ontological analysis and is frequently undetected in everyday life. Yet, it helps to answer questions like: what do we pay for when we by a stone sold as a paperweight? … Related articles

Integrating a Lightweight Information Agent with the Cyc Knowledge Base K Lister, L Sterling – Language, Culture, Computation. Computing-Theory …, 2014 – Springer … Despite, or perhaps due to, the fact that it understood nothing about natural language, SportsFinder coped equally well with the Italian Serie A re- sults as it did with the FA Premier League, and it was also adapted to report on the results of Chinese matches.2 The knowledge … Related articles All 2 versions

Spatial Reasoning in Comparative Analyses of Physics Diagrams MD Chang, JW Wetzel, KD Forbus – Spatial Cognition IX, 2014 – Springer … When people sketch with each other, they frequently use natural language or gestures to communicate conceptual information about their drawing, rather than … Once the user draws a glyph, they provide it with a conceptual label from an OpenCyc-derived knowledge base (KB)2 … Related articles All 5 versions

A Metaontology for Annotating Ontology Entities with Vagueness Descriptions JZ Pan, JM Gómez-Pérez – … Reasoning for the Semantic Web III: …, 2014 – … cyc. com/platform/opencyc. … Both justifications and dimensions can be defined as natural language text (ie, the data property hasNaturalLanguageText), an entity (ie the object property hasEntity), a more complex logic formula (ie, the object property hasLogicFor-mula) or any … Related articles

Planning and Sequencing Through Multimodal Interaction for Robot Programming B Akan – 2014 – … In this thesis, a novel system for task-level programming is proposed. The user interacts with an industrial robot by giving instructions in a structured natural language and by selecting objects through an augmented reality interface. … Related articles All 2 versions

Crowd-based Ontology Engineering with the uComp Protégé Plugin G Wohlgenannt, M Sabou, F Hanika – … the Type card allows providing hints about the super-classes of the concept, by generating ap- propriate natural language templates to … Given a seed concept (eg, banana), the game engine collects relevant instances from DBpedia, Freebase and OpenCyc and extracts the main … Related articles

Generating Semantic Annotations For Research Datasets A Singhal, J Srivastava – … of the 4th International Conference on …, 2014 – … As a ba- sic natural language pre-processing step, all the stop words, special characters and numbers are removed from the bag of … In the unsupervised setting, we extract the concept in- formation from open sources like OpenCyc, DBpedia, Free- base, Yago and other linked … Related articles All 2 versions

State-of-the-Art: Semantics Acquisition and Crowdsourcing J Šimko, M Bieliková – Semantic Acquisition Games, 2014 – Springer … purposes (to be utilized, for example, by expert systems), but it has also been made partially published through the OpenCyc release—which … When extracting facts from natural language text corpora, the first task for the extrac- tion method is to identify the relevant entities, which … Related articles

Deep (Hierarchical) Classification of Tweets S Pratapa – 2014 – … In natural language processing, latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) is a generative model that allows sets of observations to be explained by unobserved … Although, there are other free ontologies such as OpenCyc 1, and the ODP taxonomy 2, we opted for Wikipedia because of its … Related articles

Axiomatizing Complex Concepts from Fundamentals JR Hobbs, A Gordon – Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text …, 2014 – Springer … It is a common criticism that OpenCyc [14,3] is axiomatically poor; a prose description is given for a predicate that is introduced, but the … In natural language and in qualitative reasoning we often characterize something as being in the high or low region of a scale, with no more … Related articles All 3 versions

A content-focused method for re-engineering thesauri into semantically adequate ontologies using OWL D Kless, L Jansen, S Milton – … resources and are generally considered interesting candidates for re-use as ontologies [4], [5]. The rea- son is that such vocabularies have often matured over decades and contain several thousand up to hundreds of thousands of concepts and natural language terms. … Related articles All 2 versions

How Do We Facilitate the Use of Large Amounts of Heterogeneous Data S Kempler – 2014 – Page 1. Presentajon for Lawrence Chris: Do you know how to paste Gilberto’s sample presentajon format into this Google Presentajon? Steve: See if this works. (GV) Presentajon for Lawrence Chris: Do you know how to paste Gilberto’s sample presentajon … All 3 versions

Effective, Usable and Learnable Semantic Search KM Elbedweihy – 2014 – … art N. Wrigley, Victoria Uren, and Fabio Ciravegna. (Submitted to the Knowledge Engineering Review, February 2014) : Chapter 3. • Using BabelNet in bridging the gap between natural language queries and linked data concepts. … 41 3.3.3 Natural Language (NL) Approach . . . … Related articles All 3 versions

Taxonomic data integration from multilingual wikipedia editions G de Melo, G Weikum – Knowledge and information systems, 2014 – Springer … 77], Intelligence-in-Wikipedia [84], and Freebase ( have exploited the semistructured nature of Wikipedia to produce valuable repositories of formal knowledge that are orders of magnitude larger than handcrafted re- sources like SUMO [54], OpenCyc ( … Cited by 3 Related articles All 5 versions

Semantic technologies for historical research: A survey A Meroño-Peñuela, A Ashkpour, M Van Erp… – Semantic Web, 2014 – IOS Press … These statements about nodes and edges are expressed as triples. A triple consists of a subject, a predicate, and an object, and describes a fact in a very similar way as natural language sentences do (eg subject: Dante Alighieri; predicate: wrote; object: The Divine Com- edy). … Cited by 7 Related articles All 6 versions

Social Tags and Linked Data for Ontology Development: A Case Study in the Financial Domain A García-Silva, LJ García-Castro, A García… – Proceedings of the 4th …, 2014 – … Ontologies. In order to illustrate the feasibility of our approach, we have produced an ontology in the financial domain from tags available in Delicious, using DBpedia, OpenCyc and UMBEL as addi- tional knowledge sources. … Related articles

Measuring concept similarity in ontologies using weighted concept paths D Rusu, B Fortuna, D Mladeni? – Applied Ontology, 2014 – IOS Press … Table 1 systematizes the characteristics of two ontologies, WordNet and OpenCyc, from the concept similarity perspective. … are selected using various techniques, the most straightforward being string matching between the word and the concept natural language identifier. … Cited by 1 Related articles

Context-aware semantic analysis of video metadata N Steinmetz – 2014 – … 17 2.4.4 Detection of Visual Concepts 18 3 natural language processing 21 3.1 Text Segmentation 21 3.2 Syntactic and Semantic Analysis … 51 6 context 53 6.1 Context in Semantic Analysis 53 6.2 Context Boundaries 54 6.2.1 Structural Boundaries of Natural Language Text 54 … Related articles All 2 versions

Leveraging open source web resources to improve retrieval of low text content items A Singhal – 2014 – … Query Retrieval records In fo rm a tio n R e trie v a l S y s te m Figure 1.1: A schematic of a basic IR system. provided by the user in a natural language or the syntactical language of the IR system. Most often this is understood as a active input from the user to the system. … Related articles

Extending Linked Open Data resources exploiting Wikipedia as source of information AP Aprosio, E Damiani, A Lavelli, C Giuliano – … 89 10.2 QAKiS: a system for data answer retrieval from natural language questions . . . . … Question Answering (QA) is the scientific discipline that tries to automatically answer questions expressed using natural language. … Related articles All 2 versions

Advanced Data Adaptors and Enrichment with Linked Open Data F Taglino, F Smith, V Ludovici, A Barbagallo – Page 1. Co-funded by the European Commission , contract n° FP7-ICT-285746 Co-funded by the European Commission, contract n° FP7-ICT-285746 D5.2 Advanced Data Adaptors and Enrichment with Linked Open Data Francesco Taglino, Fabrizio Smith, … Related articles

Human computing and crowdsourcing methods for knowledge acquisition SK Kondreddi – 2014 – … Page 6. Page 7. ABSTRACT Ambiguity, complexity, and diversity in natural language textual expressions are major hindrances to automated knowledge extraction. As a result state-of-the-art … of entities. However, fact extraction from natural language text is challenging as … Related articles All 8 versions

[BOOK] Linked Data Management A Harth, K Hose, R Schenkel – 2014 – Page 1. EmErging DirEctions in DatabasE systEms anD applications EDitED by anDrEas HartH • Katja HosE • ralf scHEnKEl Page 2. LINKED DATA MANAGEMENT Page 3. EmErging DirEctions in DatabasE systEms anD applications … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Cognition and Technology C Gonzalez, N Ben-Asher, A Oltramari… – Cyber Defense and …, 2014 – Springer … to a semantic model of the world (or of a portion of it, ie, a “domain”): when the model is simply described in natural language, an ontology … CRC Press, Boca Raton, p 115-138. Best BJ, Gerhart N, Lebiere C (2010) Extracting the ontological structure of OpenCyc for reuse and … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Enriching unstructured media content about events to enable semi-automated summaries, compilations, and improved search by leveraging social networks T Steiner – 2014 – … links to media items on external media item hosting platforms. 2. Using third-party Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools, we rec- ognize and disambiguate named entities in microposts to predetermine their relevance. … 66 4.3.1 Natural Language Processing Services . . . . … Cited by 2 Related articles All 7 versions

On the Discovery of Relational Patterns in Semantically Similar Annotated Linked Data G Palma – The Semantic Web: Trends and Challenges, 2014 – Springer … Briefings in bioinformatics, bbt056 (2013) 1 2 Page 10. … Resnik, P.: Semantic similarity in a taxonomy: An information-based measure and its application to problems of ambiguity in natural language. … Related articles All 3 versions

Exploiting Semantic Annotations for Open Information Extraction: an experience in the biomedical domain V Nebot, R Berlanga – Knowledge and information Systems, 2014 – Springer … Some efforts include,1 dbpe- [4], yago [47], stat-snowball [56] and Several … These methods usually apply different natural language processing (NLP) techniques ranging from shallow parsing (eg, POS tagging) to dependency parsing and … Cited by 5 Related articles All 3 versions

Mining Various Semantic Relationships from Unstructured User-Generated Web Data PL Hsu, HS Hsieh, JH Liang, YS Chen – … , Services and Agents on the World …, 2014 – Elsevier … precision mapping [6], several studies [6] and [7] have used multiple ontologically structured datasets, such as WordNet, OpenCyc, and YAGO, to … Because of this characteristic, we have difficulty to adapt the natural language processing (NLP) techniques in this paper, since NLP … Related articles All 17 versions

A semantic web enabled approach to reuse functional requirements models in web engineering S Paydar, M Kahani – Automated Software Engineering, 2014 – Springer … a processes (Cas- taneda et al. 2010; Korner and Gelhausen 2008) • Improving Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks by eliminating natural lan- guage ambiguities (Castaneda et al. 2012; Korner and Brumm 2009) Reviewing … Related articles

Feeling the pulse of linked data L Rietveld, R Hoekstra, S Schlobach – 2014 – … AustrianSkiTeam … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Domain-sensitive topic management in a modular conversational agent framework D Macias Galindo – 2014 – … Page 19. Chapter 1 Introduction Conversational agents (CAs) are becoming more pervasive in our world due to the increasing use of mobile devices (eg Siri1). CAs can be described as computer systems that interact with users via speech and/or natural language. … Related articles All 2 versions

Automated spatiotemporal and semantic information extraction for hazards W Wang – 2014 – … information science, geographic information retrieval, and natural language processing. Geographic information retrieval and natural language processing techniques are applied … understand where the winter storm has occurred. Natural language processing (NLP) is used … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Understanding and Critiquing Multi-Modal Engineering Design Explanations J Wetzel – 2014 – … which explains the outcome. The restricted natural language is human-readable structured language input of the kind introduced by Thompson et al. … 2.1.1 Knowledge Base and Reasoning CogSketch uses a customized version of the OpenCyc knowledge base which includes … Related articles All 2 versions

Multi-robot Coordination Based on Ontologies and Semantic Web Service Y Mori, Y Ogawa, A Hikawa, T Yamaguchi – Knowledge Management and …, 2014 – Springer … A process is composed o module is an advanced rese such as natural language p software that generates the component as the robot serv The most … In: AAAI Spring Symposium on Designing Intelligent Robots: Reintegrating AI (2012) 7. OpenCyc, Related articles All 4 versions

Recognizing Textual Entailment Using Description Logic And Semantic Relatedness R Siblini – 2014 – … ing the first piece can conclude that the second is most likely true. Accurate approaches for textual entailment can be beneficial to various natural language processing (NLP) ap- … Accurate ap- proaches for textual entailment can be beneficial to various natural language process- … Related articles

Engineering Temporal and Spatial Aspects in OWL using Patterns LMB Braga – 2014 – … mains and therefore they are fundamental for the reasoning process, as narrative analy- sis, contextualization, natural language processing or planning/scheduling [van Harmelen … applications like planning, scheduling, natural language understanding, narrative analy- … Related articles

Preparing Future IST Professionals for ODE: An Examination of Courses in IST Degree Programs JÁ Carvalho, L Amaral, RD Sousa – Organization Design and …, 2014 – Page 246. 9 Preparing Future IST Professionals for ODE: An Examination of Courses in IST Degree Programs João Álvaro Carvalho, Luís Amaral and Rui Dinis Sousa 1 Evolution in the IST field: from the construction of IT artifacts …

A core ontology of macroscopic stuff CM Keet – Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, 2014 – Springer … 1 Introduction Stuffs, or, depending on one’s background, also called matter, mass, or substance, and normally denoted with mass nouns in natural language, are generally con- sidered to deserve their own ontological category distinct from countable objects. … Related articles All 6 versions

PurposeNet PK Mayee – 2014 – … cool.” The use of this factual knowledge along with the implementation of natural language processing techniques for query analysis, syntactic processing of the discourse, and generating answers in natural language enable machines to automatically produce … Related articles

A multi-phase correlation search framework for mining non-taxonomic relations from unstructured text MK Wong, SSR Abidi, ID Jonsen – Knowledge and information systems, 2014 – Springer … The process of ontology learning from text involves techniques from various disciplines such as machine learning, natural language processing and information retrieval. … Then, external structured data such as DBpedia and OpenCyc are used to refine the non- taxonomic labels. … Related articles All 3 versions

Where social noise and structure converge: learning with social semantics FT Markus – 2014 – … Internet. It is possible to represent knowledge using an ontology with no regard as to how the knowledge is expressed, ie what words are used to de- note the concepts, properties and relations in natural language documents. … Related articles

CogSketch v3. 01 K Forbus, J Usher, A Lovett, J Wetzel, M Chang… – … this release. For example, we think that providing natural language phrases is a good candidate, if it can be made sufficiently robust. We have … the KB. 5 These are mostly from the OpenCyc knowledge base ( If you … Related articles

Software trustworthiness 2.0—A semantic web enabled global source code analysis approach I Keivanloo, J Rilling – Journal of Systems and Software, 2014 – Elsevier … sets and their connections. Government data, Bioinformatics, news, scientific publication and general purpose knowledgebase (eg Wikipedia and OpenCyc) constitute the major themes within the Linked Data Cloud. One of the … Related articles All 2 versions

User-centric knowledge extraction and maintenance S Metzger – 2014 – … Due to the sheer size of knowledge to be covered in general purpose common knowl- edge ontologies, human manufacturing is very resource intense; working on the OpenCyc project, one of the earliest common knowledge ontology projects, Douglas Lenat estimated in 1986 … Related articles All 4 versions

[BOOK] Semantic Acquisition Games J Šimko, M Bieliková – 2014 – Springer … 3. Machine (automated) approaches for semantics acquisition implement various natural language processing techniques, data mining and machine learning in order to annotate resources or extract domain knowledge [6, 12, 14, 16, 21]. … Related articles All 5 versions

Concept Exploration And Discovery From Business Documents For Software Engineering Projects Using Dual Mode Filtering PA MÉNARD – 2014 – … This research project aims to alleviate this extraction effort by applying natural language processing techniques to the task at hand. … the current state of the natural language processing methods might be improved to better sup- port and promote advances in this field. … Related articles All 2 versions

Entity-based Enrichment for Information Extraction and Retrieval J Dalton – 2014 – … 2007). Many of these search systems use keyword or natural language interfaces and analyze … recognition and linking of entities in both documents and queries is an ongoing area of research in both the retrieval and natural language processing communities, with the Entity … Related articles

[BOOK] Reasoning Techniques for the Web of Data A Hogan – 2014 – Page 1. REASONING TECHNIQUES FOR THE WEB OF DATA Page 2. Studies on the Semantic Web Semantic Web has grown into a mature field of research. Its methods find innovative applications on and off the World Wide Web. … Related articles All 5 versions

A Sideways Look at Upper Ontologies M GRUNINGER, T HAHMANN… – Formal Ontology in …, 2014 – … Even if 1Descriptive Ontology for Linguistic and Cognitive Engineering (DOLCE), Process Specification Language (PSL), OpenCyc, Suggested Upper … A natural language processing perspective (2009) 31–45 [10] Russell, S., Norvig, P.: Artificial Intelligence-A Modern Approach. …

Mobile Personalisation Enabled by Semantic Web Technology L Hella – … 31 2.3.1 FOAF….. 31 2.3.2 OpenCyc….. … 111 6.2 OpenCYC Reuse Evaluation….. … Related articles

TSPOONS: Tracking Salience Profiles Of Online News Stories P Ms, K Laurel – 2014 – Page 1. TSPOONS: TRACKING SALIENCE PROFILES OF ONLINE NEWS STORIES A Thesis presented to the Faculty of California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science in Computer Science by … Related articles