## OpenCyc & Natural Language 2015

Resources:

• cadeinc.org .. international conference on automated deduction
• lexvo.org .. defines global ids (uris) for language-related objects

Wikipedia:

Lexvo.org: Language-related information for the linguistic linked data cloud G de Melo – Semantic Web, 2015 – content.iospress.com … WordNet is the most widely used sense inventory in natural language processing and thus the closest we have to a universal … languages, especially in UWN, the Universal WordNet project [9]. WordNet’s identifiers have been linked to YAGO, SUMO, OpenCyc, VerbNet, and … Cited by 7 Related articles All 12 versions

Multi-mode Natural Language Processing for human-robot interaction J Xie, X Chen, J Ji – Web Intelligence, 2015 – content.iospress.com … There are more and more open knowledge resources available, including large-scale knowledge bases such as OpenCyc11 and Open … In this paper, we present the multi-mode Natural Language Processing (multi-mode NLP) technique for the comprehension and extraction of … Cited by 1 Related articles

Spatiotemporal and semantic information extraction from web news reports about natural hazards W Wang, K Stewart – Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 2015 – Elsevier … Natural language processing (NLP) is used to analyze the content and context of documents, and manipulate texts to perform useful tasks with a … Existing ontologies (eg, OpenCyc (http://sw.opencyc.org/) and GeoNames (http://www.geonames.org/)) are also used as sources … Cited by 7 Related articles All 4 versions

Naturalness of Ontology Concepts for Rating Aspects of the Semantic Web YJ An, K Huang, J Geller – Communications of the IIMA, 2015 – scholarworks.lib.csusb.edu … Three major ontologies, WordNet, UMLS and OpenCyc are investigated in this paper. WordNet is a large scale lexical reference system for the purpose of natural language processing. It contains 117,097 nouns and the average number of children for each noun is 1.027. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 7 versions

On the use of statistical semantics for metadata-based social image retrieval N Rekabsaz, R Bierig, B Ionescu… – … on Content-Based …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … expectations. In the image retrieval community semantics generally refers to a transformation from vectors (bitmaps) to natural language terms. … To achieve these goals, some make use of knowledge databases eg, WordNet, OpenCyc. These … Cited by 3 Related articles All 8 versions

DBpedia As a Formal Knowledge Base-An Evaluation A Ambro?ewicz, T Boi?ski, J Szyma?ski – 2015 – repository.os.niwa.gda.pl … A few Knowledge Bases also emerges. Among the most often used is OpenCyc [5], DBpedia [12] and YAGO [16]. … In this paper we describe and evaluate aforemen- tioned knowledge bases for use in natural language based question answering system. … Related articles

Robust Natural Language Processing for Urban Trip Planning J Booth, B Di Eugenio, IF Cruz… – Applied Artificial …, 2015 – Taylor & Francis … Original Articles Robust Natural Language Processing for Urban Trip Planning. Full text … We show that, even without a chance to fix the input, we are able to achieve high accuracy. Natural Language Considerations. Before discussing … Related articles All 8 versions

High Quality Arabic Lexical Ontology Based on MUHIT, WordNet, SUMO and DBpedia E Kamal, M Rashwan, S Alansary – International Conference on Intelligent …, 2015 – Springer … As for the future work, we want to experiment with applying the generated ontology in an Arabic NLP task such as Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD), and also consider automatic linking of OpenCyc to WordNet in order to unblock the Natural Language Generation scenarios … Related articles All 3 versions

An Event Ontology Description Framework Based on SKOS Y Zhang, W Liu, N Ding, X Wang… – … and Computing and …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 2 http://sw.opencyc.org/ 3 http://erlangen-crm.org 1777 1776 Page 4. … As implied by its acronym, DOLCE has a clear cognitive bias, in that it aims at capturing the ontological categories underlying natural language and human common sense. …

Improving access to archival collections with automated entity extraction K Banerjee, M Johnson – The Code4Lib Journal, 2015 – journal.code4lib.org … conventions led to a dramatic reduction in accuracy from tested entity extractors which assume documents are expressed in natural language. … dbpedia>http://dbpedia.org/resource/Oregon http://rdf.freebase.com/ns/m.05kj_ http://sw … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

Semantic Approach for Traceability Link Recovery using Uniform Resource Identifier (STURI) M Alobaidi, K Mahmood – Proceedings of the International …, 2015 – search.proquest.com … [6] “OpenCyc for the semantic web.” [Online]. Available: http://sw.opencyc.org/. [7] “SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/.” [Online]. … [Online]. Available: http://babelnet.org/. [10] The stanford NLP (natural language processing) group. [Online]. Available: http://nlp.stanford. … Related articles All 2 versions

Towards a Complete Event Type Taxonomy A Košmerlj, E Belyaeva, G Leban, M Grobelnik… – Proceedings of the 24th …, 2015 – dl.acm.org … Keywords natural language processing; event extraction; event type; news classification; Wikipedia … Deeper, more detailed levels will be par- tially built using combined knowledge of existing knowledge bases (OpenCyc, Framenet etc.). … Related articles All 4 versions

Information extraction for learning expressive ontologies G Petrucci – European Semantic Web Conference, 2015 – Springer … have been proposed, known as Ontology Learning (see [7]), which build upon well-established techniques from Natural Language Processing, Machine Learning … In [29], the OpenCyc ontology is exploited for the domains of Fisheries and Aquaculture and Economy and Finance. … Cited by 2 Related articles

Semantic Web M Dabrowski – The International Encyclopedia of Digital …, 2015 – Wiley Online Library … For example, the OpenCyc initiative that attempted to create the most comprehensive ontology representing general knowledge with more … the Linked Data cloud, and the lightweight approach to defining semantics through statistical analysis of natural language, not complex … Related articles

A Semantic Approach to Enhance HITS Algorithm for Extracting Associated Concepts using ConceptNet. M Alsoos, A Kheirbek – Journal of Digital Information Management, 2015 – dline.info … ConceptNet is different from other knowledge bases like WordNet or OpenCyc even that it depends on them as sources. ConceptNet is based more on context because of its natural language knowledge representation beside its investment in association knowledge. … Related articles All 2 versions

Context-specific intention awareness through web query in robotic caregiving R Liu, X Zhang, J Webb, S Li – 2015 IEEE International …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … (wordnetweb.princeton.edu) are adopted to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the natural language descriptions on … Semantic network websites such as ConceptNet5 and OpenCyc (http://sw.opencyc.org/) were used to collect the general conceptions, events, and their … Cited by 5 Related articles

Review of integrated applications with AIML based chatbot MS Satu, MH Parvez – 2015 International Conference on …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … First, chatbot technology is implemented through Al ice Technology and it is linked with OpenCyc Tech nology for common sense ontology … Natural language management for e-Iearning plat form: [4] It is an integrated platform consist of with a basic AIML knowledge, PABX … Related articles

A novel approach based on commonsense knowledge representation and reasoning in open world for intelligent ambient assisted living services N Ayari, A Chibani, Y Amirat… – Intelligent Robots and …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … This model allows a common description of the actors in the open world and a management of interactions with humans using natural language. … The latter is a domain ontology that extends a subset of the concepts introduced in the OpenCyc upper ontology. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 2 versions

Computing the semantic distance between terms: An Ontology-based approach A Martinez, F Pech, N Castro, D Mujica… – Proceedings of the …, 2015 – researchgate.net … measures are explored in various fields of research and has various direct and relevant applica- tions such as natural language processing (disambiguation of words … 6http://morpheus.cs.umbc. edu/aks1/ontosem.owl 7http://www.OpenCyc.com/platform/openOpenCyc/downloads … Related articles All 6 versions

Knowledge Representation P Koehn – 2015 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org … 2012: publicly available OpenCyc Basic structure – facts such as ”Every tree is a plant” and ”Plants die eventually” – inference to deduce ”Trees die eventually” – CycL language: predicate calculus (similar to that of the Lisp) Currently efforts to connect Cyc to natural language … All 2 versions

Knowledge-based instruction of manipulation tasks for industrial robotics M Stenmark, J Malec – Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 2015 – Elsevier … However, the sequence can also be created directly by the user, either manually or by using a natural language instruction interface. Later … The natural language interface is described in more detail elsewhere [29] and [30]. The … Cited by 8 Related articles All 5 versions

Commonsense reasoning and commonsense knowledge in artificial intelligence E Davis, G Marcus – Communications of the ACM, 2015 – dl.acm.org … (A closely related issue is the representation of the meaning of natural language sentences. … The most recent public version, OpenCyc 4.0, released in June 2012 contains 239,000 concepts and 2,039,000 facts, mostly taxonomic. … Cited by 19 Related articles All 3 versions

Creating spatiotemporal semantic maps from web text documents W Wang, K Stewart – Space-Time Integration in Geography and GIScience, 2015 – Springer … A key objective of GIR is to detect and capture location-based information from natural language text. … For this work, we use open source software NeOn, drawing from domain concepts in OpenCyc (http://sw.opencyc.org/), DOLCE, WordNet, GeoNames (http://www … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

Survey on Association Rule Mining Algorithms in Medical Domain A Sasi, G Vidhu Kiran – 2015 – csidl.org … The mining and examination of useful information from those documents written in natural language is very hard in nature[6][8]. … Some of thel ontologies used in biomedical domains include OpenCyc, WordNet[10], GALEN, UMLS, SNOMED-CT[8], FMA, Geneontology etc. … Related articles

Paraphrasing of Synonyms for a Fine-grained Data Representation S Koeva – pdfs.semanticscholar.org … The reason is that although there are many synonyms in any natural language, it is unusual for words defined as synonyms to have exactly … 1 http://www.mpi-inf.mpg.de/departments/databases- and- informationsystems/research/yago-naga/yago/ 2 http://www.opencyc.org 3 http … Related articles All 2 versions

A Semantic Knowledge Discovery Strategy for Translational Research CR Kothari – Proceedings of the International Conference on …, 2015 – search.proquest.com … The Stanford Natural Language Processing API (StanfordNLP) [5] was used to identify the parts of speech of every keyword. … Upper-level ontologies such as the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO, www.ifomis.org/bfo/) and Cyc (www.cyc.com/platform/opencyc) may also be used to … Related articles All 2 versions

Metadata And Linked Data in Word Sense Disambiguation M Corsmeier – Library Philosophy and Practice, 2015 – search.proquest.com … These URIs “serve as interchange URIs that can easily be created from any word-segmented natural language text” (de Melo, 2014a, 3). Unambiguous reference to a specific language is achieved by using ISO639-3 codes, and lexvo.org … 6 http://www.cyc.com/platform/opencyc. … Related articles All 4 versions

DBpedia–a large-scale, multilingual knowledge base extracted from Wikipedia J Lehmann, R Isele, M Jakob, A Jentzsch… – Semantic …, 2015 – content.iospress.com … 2.6. NLP extraction DBpedia provides a number of data sets which have been created to support Natural Language Process- ing (NLP) tasks [33]. … There are two more Feature Extractors related to Natural Language Processing. … Cited by 497 Related articles All 13 versions

A knowledge-based system for prototypical reasoning A Lieto, A Minieri, A Piana, DP Radicioni – Connection Science, 2015 – Taylor & Francis … To test it, we have considered a basic inference task: given an input description in natural language, the system should be able to find, even for typicality-based description (that is, most of common sense descriptions), the corresponding concept category by combining … Cited by 15 Related articles All 8 versions

The Winograd Schema Challenge and Reasoning about Correlation D Bailey, A Harrison, Y Lierler… – In Working Notes of …, 2015 – works.bepress.com … ing, if F and G are sentences, that is, have no free variables, then F ? G expresses that (natural language texts corre … Schuler 2005), PROPBANK (Palmer, Gildea, and Kingsbury 2005), CONCEPTNET (Liu and Singh 2004), KNEXT (Schubert 2002), and the OPENCYC 6 project. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

Automated Reasoning in the Wild U Furbach, B Pelzer, C Schon – International Conference on Automated …, 2015 – Springer … The logical representation of both, generated by the linguistic module to capture the semantics of natural language text is: \begin{aligned} Q=&\\&\lnot attr(X1, X2) \vee {}\lnot attr(X1, X3 … And even the smallest version of Cyc, OpenCyc, still contains more than 3 million formulae. … Related articles All 2 versions

Exploring entity recognition and disambiguation for cultural heritage collections S Van Hooland, M De Wilde… – … Scholarship in the …, 2015 – dsh.oxfordjournals.org … Disambiguation is one of the key challenges in Natural Language Processing (NLP), giving birth to the field of word-sense disambiguation, as … are often interlinked to well-known members of the LOD cloud, among others with DBpedia (Auer et al., 2007), OpenCyc (Lenat, 1995 … Cited by 18 Related articles All 10 versions

Using machine learning methods for disambiguating place references in textual documents J Santos, I Anastácio, B Martins – GeoJournal, 2015 – Springer … disambiguation. The first sub-task is deeply related to the problem of named entity recognition (NER), which has been thoroughly studied in the natural language processing (NLP) community (Nadeau and Sekine 2007). The … Cited by 12 Related articles All 3 versions

Tackling Benchmark Problems of Commonsense Reasoning U Furbach, AS Gordon, C Schon – Bridging the Gap between Human …, 2015 – ceur-ws.org … Hobbs et al.[8] describes how interpretation of natural language can be cast as a problem of logical abduc- tion, and solved using automated abductive reasoning technologies. … And even the smallest version of Cyc, OpenCyc, still contains more than 3 million formulae. … Related articles All 9 versions

Linguistically Evaluated Integration of Semantic Web Data into Domain Ontologies A Aichmann, G Fliedl, C Winkler – researchgate.net … Regarding the ontology engineering workflow, basic NLP (natural language processing) strategies like tagging, chunking, keyword weighting, and co-occurrence … Web a series of Web Appliances and Data bases came to light, such as Dbpedia, FactForge, OpenCYC, YAGO [3 … Related articles

Towards the cognitive plausibility of conceptual space models 1 V Galetic – Suvremena Lingvistika, 2015 – search.proquest.com … would comply with the described cognitive phenomena, briefly discusses the challenges of semi-automatized extraction of its parameters, and lists some of its possible applications in natural language processing … 5 http://www.cyc.com/platform/opencyc (accessed on 8 June 2015 … Related articles

Towards the cognitive plausibility of conceptual space models. V Galeti? – Suvremena Lingvistika, 2015 – search.ebscohost.com … briefly discusses the challenges of semi-automatized extraction of its parame ters, and lists some of its possible applications in natural language processing. … 5 http://www.cyc.com/platfonn/opencyc (accessed on 8 June 2015) 6 http://wordnet.princeton.edu/ (accessed on 8 June … Related articles All 4 versions

How models of creativity and analogy need to answer the tailorability concern J Licato, S Bringsjord, NS Govindarajulu – … Creativity Research: Towards …, 2015 – Springer … database, but by having one that at least attempts to directly construct structured representations from low-level sensory or natural-language data. … Among these databases is a version of OpenCyc [35], which comes with millions of facts connecting tens of thousands of concepts … Cited by 5 Related articles All 4 versions

A semantic grammar for beginning communicators F Martínez-Santiago, MC Díaz-Galiano… – Knowledge-Based …, 2015 – Elsevier … If SUpO is equipped with the semantic of this class of uses of language, we could carry out gamifications of learning units based on natural language, such as … On the other hand there are several upper ontologies available, for example DOLCE, SUMO or OpenCyC. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions

Towards a marketplace of open source software data FS Parreiras, G Gröner, D Schwabe… – … (HICSS), 2015 48th …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … two representative examples. For each natural language question, we show it is translated into a SPARQL query that can be executed against a specific project’s mined data, extracted through the SemanticMiner. The selected … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

Eliciting and Formalizing the Intricate Semantics of Land Use and Land Cover Class Definitions M Kokla, A Baglatzi, M Kavouras – Land Use and Land Cover …, 2015 – books.google.com … research directions 5.2 Semantic Information Extraction from Definitions Semantic information extraction is a field of Natural Language Processing (NLP … from definitions Another future direction is to explore whether an existing ontology such as DOLCE,† OpenCyc,‡ and BFO … Related articles

Ontology Population Using Corpus Statistics R Nazar, I Renau – academia.edu … It is defined as an ontology of everyday common sense knowledge and is available at http://www.opencyc.org/. Another large taxonomy is WordNet (Miller 1995; Vossen 1998), originally created by psychologists but then widely used in many natural language processing tasks. … Related articles All 4 versions

Unsupervised learning of an extensive and usable taxonomy for DBpedia M Fossati, D Kontokostas, J Lehmann – Proceedings of the 11th …, 2015 – dl.acm.org … Keywords Wikipedia, Taxonomy Learning, Graph Algorithms, Natural Language Processing … 1. Algorithmic, programmatically traversing the Wikipedia category system; 2. Linguistic, identifying categories yielding is-a relations via Natural Language Processing; … Related articles All 3 versions

Linked Data L Data, S Web – W3C Standard, http://www. w3. org/standards/ …, 2015 – ifipsc.hueuni.edu.vn … UMBEL – a lightweight reference structure of 20,000 subject concept classes and their relationships derived from OpenCyc, DBpedia and YAGO ? Sensorpedia A scientific initiative at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using a RESTful 34 … Cited by 3 Related articles All 4 versions

The review of modern ontology driven information systems and services, prospect of their application in e-learning – Technology audit and production reserves, 2015 – journals.uran.ua … «Cyc» («OpenCyc» [13]) Web [14]. … Available at: \www/ URL: http://cyc.com/ 13. OpenCyc [Electronic resource]. — Available at: \www/URL: http://www.opencyc.org/ 14. … Related articles All 2 versions

Incorporating Trustiness and Collective Synonym/Contrastive Evidence into Taxonomy Construction LA Tuan, J Kim, NS Kiong – aclweb.org Proceedings of the 2015 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pages 1013–1022, Lisbon, Portugal, 17-21 … there are many hand-crafted, well-structured taxonomies publicly available, in- cluding WordNet (Miller, 1995), OpenCyc (Ma- tuszek et al … Related articles All 9 versions

Data-Driven Semantic Concept Analysis for User Profile Learning in 3G Recommender Systems V Gorodetsky, O Tushkanova – 2015 IEEE/WIC/ACM …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … lattices. The proposed technology implementing SCA framework basic ideas is validated experimentally through its soft- ware prototyping and subsequent computer experimentation using natural language text data sample. … Related articles

Improving the competency of first-order ontologies J Álvez, P Lucio, G Rigau – … of the 8th International Conference on …, 2015 – dl.acm.org … Likewise, WN is connected to several databases such as OpenCyc [27], DBpedia [3, 6] or YAGO [13] thanks to the … to develop a standard upper ontology to promote data interoperability, information search and retrieval, au- tomated inference and natural language processing. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 8 versions

Ontologies R Navigli – Citeseer … ontological categories underlying natural language and commonsense. Basic categories include endurants (eg physical objects), perdurants (eg events … knowledge. The current open-source version of Cyc (OpenCyc) includes almost 50,000 … Related articles All 2 versions

Knowledge Organization Research: An Overview S Deokattey, BK Sharma, GR Kumar, K Bhanumurthy – researchgate.net … Bhattacharya (1974) and Braun & Schwind (1976) advocated the use of natural language based indexing. Craven (1977) … natural language terms during machine translation, mostly at the time of searching through computerized indexing systems. … Related articles

Morphological Disambiguation of Classical Sanskrit O Hellwig – International Workshop on Systems and Frameworks …, 2015 – Springer … and inflected verbal forms. The database currently contains 174,190 distinct lemmata with 313,725 meanings and 104,811 connections to a word semantic repository that is derived from OpenCyc 14 . 2. The corpus stores the … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Applying ontological engineering approach for Arabic Quran corpus: A comprehensive survey W Alromima, R Elgohary, IF Moawad… – 2015 IEEE Seventh …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … lexical representation, it is becoming increasing an important resource for a wide range in Natural Language Processing applications … There are several standardized upper ontologies available for use, including General Formal Ontology (GFO), OpenCyc/ResearchCyc, SUMO … Cited by 1 Related articles

AI has seen great advances of many kinds recently, but there is one critical area where progress has been extremely slow: ordinary commonsense. E DAVIS, G MARCUS – COMMUNICATIONS OF THE …, 2015 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org … Commonsense in Intelligent Tasks The importance of real-world knowl- edge for natural language processing, and in particular for disambiguation of all kinds, was discussed as early as 1960, by Bar-Hillel,3 in the context of machine translation. … Related articles

Toward Global Health Interoperability: Ontology Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine Through Comparative Analyses A Vo, K Liu, TA Horan, Y He – System Sciences (HICSS), 2015 …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Table 1: Medical Ontology Exemplars OpenCyc and WorldNet are the overarching ontologies that are used for classifying common knowledge and natural language processing. The goal of these ontologies is to determine constructs at an abstract level to be used in any field. … Related articles All 4 versions

Extracting Temporal Expressions from Unstructured Open Resources Z Valizadeh Ardalan – 2015 – upcommons.upc.edu … It implements a novel approach for semantic representation and linked temporal graphs from natural language sentences. … Keywords: Natural Language Processing, Information Extraction, Temporal Information Processing, Temporal Linked Data Page 3. Page 4. … Related articles

Textual Concept Similarity N Rekabsaz, R Bierig, AL Ginsca, M Lupu, A Popescu… – ifs.tuwien.ac.at … information retrieval, natural language processing and artificial intelligence [14]. Despite a generally strong … WordNet or OpenCyc, for determining word meanings by explicitly expressed, human-entered knowledge. 2.1 SIMILARITY METHODS … Related articles All 2 versions

Fuzzy Inference-Based Ontology Matching Using Upper Ontology SH Davarpanah, A Algergawy, S Babalou – East European Conference on …, 2015 – Springer … Ontologies being developed within the WonderWeb project [6]. It aims at capturing the onto- logical categories underlying natural language and human … Cyc is a commercial product, but Cycorp also released OpenCyc8, the open source version of the Cyc technol- ogy, and … Related articles

Gesture and Sign Language Recognition Methods G Caridakis – Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics … – Wiley Online Library … Concepts are represented by signs, the basic grammatical unit of a sign language, forming a visual natural language. … The commonsense engine, implemented in the OpenCyc platform, chooses the right meaning depending on the context of the whole sentence. … Related articles

Disclose High Quality Structured Data with Airpedia AP Aprosio, M Fossati, C Giuliano – semantic-web-journal.net … inconsistencies. [30] uses extracted datatypes to train a named entity recognizer. [19,11] identify the most appropriate class of a Wikipedia arti- cle by parsing its page abstract using natural language processing tools and resources. In … Related articles All 2 versions

Ontologies in Enterprise Applications: Dimensional Comparison V De Paiva, W Jarrold, D Martin… – FOMI’2014 Formal … – ceur-ws.org … system is more than just speech recognition and synthesized speech; it must combine these voice technologies with natural-language understanding of the … The other two are OpenCyc (an Apache-licensed free version with almost all of the defining axioms removed) and … Related articles All 5 versions

Creation and Management of Structured Language Resources A Rambousek – is.muni.cz … Although the origi- nal Thesaurus is more than 150 years old, it is still used as a lexical resource in natural language processing applications and research. … leased as open source (OpenCyc) and for research (ResearchCyc), … Cited by 1 Related articles

Inducing semantic relations from conceptual spaces: a data-driven approach to plausible reasoning J Derrac, S Schockaert – Artificial Intelligence, 2015 – Elsevier … Relation extraction from natural language is clearly a promising method to identify properties of entities (eg the fact that the Shining movie was released in 1980). … OpenCYC 11 is a common-sense knowledge base, containing a large open-domain taxonomy. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 8 versions

An automatic and clause-based approach to learn relations for ontologies D Thenmozhi, C Aravindan – The Computer Journal, 2015 – Br Computer Soc … The advantage of using natural language texts is that they exhibit morphological, syntactic, semantic, pragmatic and conceptual information from which conceptual structures can be constructed. … [24] resolved this by using external resources like DBpedia 4 and OpenCyc 5 to … Cited by 1 Related articles

A review of relational machine learning for knowledge graphs M Nickel, K Murphy, V Tresp, E Gabrilovich – arXiv preprint arXiv: …, 2015 – arxiv.org … Method Schema Examples Curated Yes Cyc/OpenCyc [23], WordNet [24], UMLS [25] Collaborative Yes Wikidata [26 … unstructured approaches, triples are ex- tracted automatically from unstructured text via machine learning and natural language processing techniques (see, eg … Cited by 44 Related articles All 12 versions

A Comparative Study on Different Approaches to Word Sense Disambiguation S Rawat – ijfeat.org … 1975. Preference semantics. Formal Semantics of Natural Language, ed. by EL Keenan, III, 329–348. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. … Proceedings of COLING 2012: Posters, pages 329–338. [14] OpenCyc home page, http://www.opencyc.org/, 2005. … Related articles All 2 versions

Word-sense disambiguation for ontology mapping: Concept disambiguation using virtual documents and information retrieval techniques FC Schadd, N Roos – Journal on Data Semantics, 2015 – Springer … resources. SUMO [55], MILO [56], Cyc [44] and OpenCyc [73] can be categorized as abstract upper ontologies. … basis. However, a common occurrence in con- cepts formulated using natural language is word-sense ambi- guity. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 5 versions

Bootstrapping the applied ontology practice: Ontology communities, then and now PP Yim – Applied Ontology, 2015 – content.iospress.com … (2003); OpenCyc by Lenat … In the last few years, ontology has had its share of success stories – in projects such as Apple’s acquisition of Siri2424 (a natural language understanding, ontology-based mobile app) for hundreds of millions of dollars (April 2010); the IBM Watson25 … Related articles All 2 versions

Automatic Knowledge Graph Refinement: A Survey of Approaches and Evaluation Methods H Paulheim – semantic-web-journal.org … OpenCyc is a freely available version of the Cyc knowledge base, which dates back to the 80s [42]. … 3http://www.cyc.com/ 4http://sw.opencyc.org/ 5As of March 31st, 2015, Freebase is shut down, with the data be- ing transferred to Wikidata. … Related articles All 2 versions

An Ontology Enrichment Approach by Using DBpedia M Booshehri, P Luksch – Proceedings of the 5th International Conference …, 2015 – dl.acm.org … Categories and Subject Descriptors I.2.6 [Artificial Intelligence]: Learning- Knowledge acquisition I.2.7 [Artificial Intelligence]: Natural Language Processing- Text … Many of LOD datasets such as Freebase, DBpedia, Wordnet and OpenCyc connect a comment to their resources. … Cited by 2 Related articles

Massive ontology interface M Stannett, C Legg, S Sarjant – Proceedings of the 14th Annual ACM …, 2015 – dl.acm.org … An evaluation by 30 users comparing MOI with OpenCyc’s original interface showed significant improvements in user … and Subject Descriptors H.5.2 [Information Interfaces and Presentation]: User Interfaces – Evaluation/methodology, Natural language, User- centered design I … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

Building domain ontologies out of folksonomies and linked data A García-Silva, LJ García-Castro, A García… – … Journal on Artificial …, 2015 – World Scientific … from annotations in Delicious,a and then enriching semantically that terminology with classes and relationships contained in DBpedia,10 OpenCyc,b and … tool PATO11 to identify modules in the ontology, and SWATd to express the ontology in natural language sentences so that … Cited by 2 Related articles

An Event Network for Exploring Open Information Y Chen – arXiv preprint arXiv:1508.07555, 2015 – arxiv.org … These networks support logic opera- tors, can map questions and assertions from natural language to a relational database. … Many of them are constructed by merging ontologies (eg WordNet, OpenCyc) or extracted from semi-structured database (eg Wikipedia). … Related articles All 3 versions

A survey of qualitative spatial representations J Chen, AG Cohn, D Liu, S Wang… – The Knowledge …, 2015 – Cambridge Univ Press … Representation and reasoning with qualitative spatial relations is an important problem in artificial intelligence and has wide applications in the fields of geographic information system, computer vision, autonomous robot navigation, natural language understanding, spatial … Cited by 26 Related articles All 6 versions

A structured and in–depth representation of the semantic content of elementary and complex events GP Zarri – International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and …, 2015 – inderscienceonline.com … J. Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp.12–27. Biographical notes: Gian Piero Zarri is known internationally for combining methods from knowledge-based systems and natural language processing, as well as databases and information retrieval systems. … Related articles All 4 versions

Revising Wikipedia’s computer language domain based on bad smells M Heinz – softlang.uni-koblenz.de Page 1. i Institut für Softwaretechnik Fachbereich 4: Informatik Revising Wikipedia’s computer language domain based on bad smells Masterarbeit zur Erlangung des Grades eines Master of Science im Studiengang Informatik vorgelegt am 31. März 2015 von Marcel Heinz … Related articles

A Study on Moving Objects. Representation and Reasoning Y Proenza – 2015 – content.grin.com … It is important to say that the original Cyc project was intended primarily to aid Natural Language Processing; so that’s why maybe OpenCyc-space itself is far of be a suitable ontology for moving objects, even when we can say that presents foundations for future research … Related articles

A common-sense conceptual categorization system integrating heterogeneous proxytypes and the dual process of reasoning A Lieto, DP Radicioni, V Rho… – In Proceedings of …, 2015 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org … in these terms). Additionally, the ontological representations are used by the S2 component (in our implementation it is grounded on the OpenCyc ontology, one of the widest on- tological resources currently available). In the … Cited by 8 Related articles All 7 versions

Large margin nearest neighbor embedding for knowledge representation M Fan, Q Zhou, TF Zheng… – 2015 IEEE/WIC/ACM …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 1http://www.princeton.edu/wordnet 2http://www.cyc.com/platform/opencyc 3www.mpi-inf.mpg. de/yago-naga/yago 4http://www … Recently, many AI-related fields, such as Image Classifi- cation [5], Natural Language Understanding [6] and Speech Recognition [7], have made … Cited by 7 Related articles All 6 versions

Unsupervised Data Driven Taxonomy Learning MM Hosny, SR El-Beltagy… – 2015 First International …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Some of the techniques utilized to generate automatic and semi-automatic taxonomies include NLP (Natural Language Processing) tools, clustering and data mining approaches to facilitate search … [23] A. Pohl, “Classifying the Wikipedia articles into the OpenCyc taxonomy,” in … Related articles

Concept extraction from business documents for software engineering projects PA Ménard, S Ratté – Automated Software Engineering, 2015 – Springer … 2011). 2 Can be found at http://opencyc.org. 123 Page 7. Autom Softw Eng … Nonetheless, some systems target natural language documents from software projects to extract domain knowledge and help generate software artifacts or models. … Related articles

The role of functional affordances in socializing robots I Awaad, GK Kraetzschmar, J Hertzberg – International Journal of Social …, 2015 – Springer … One could, therefore, argue that resources such as dictionaries, the Internet, WordNet, ConceptNet, OpenCyc [8], and the work of projects such as RoboEarth [25] are an example of distributed cognition, albeit for those groups whose native language is English since “language … Cited by 2 Related articles All 4 versions

Data-driven semantic concept analysis for automatic actionable ontology design O Tushkanova, V Gorodetsky – Data Science and Advanced …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … As a rule, big data sample comprises heterogeneous data sources, contains unstructured components like Natural Language texts (hereinafter, NL-texts, for short) and regular expressions (URLs, e-mail addresses, abbreviators, names, etc.). … Related articles

[BOOK] Sentic computing: a common-sense-based framework for concept-level sentiment analysis E Cambria, A Hussain – 2015 – books.google.com … This also makes it a relatively easy bet that it will continue its way to a standard reference that will help change the way we approach sentiment, emotion, and affect in natural language processing and beyond. While approaches … Cited by 44 Related articles All 2 versions

On Using Statistical Semantic on Domain Specific Information Retrieval N Rekabsaz – publik.tuwien.ac.at … generate the semantic representation of a term, some make use of knowledge databases eg, WordNet [16] or, OpenCyc 1. These … image retrieval by caption [9], Twitter tweets search [55] by applying the techniques from related fields, including natural language processing and … Related articles

Discovering expansion entities for keyword-based entity search in linked data N Zong, S Lee, HG Kim – Journal of Information Science, 2015 – jis.sagepub.com Advertisement. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

Envisioning the qualitative effects of robot manipulation actions using simulation-based projections L Kunze, M Beetz – Artificial Intelligence, 2015 – Elsevier … One of the challenges is enabling robots to learn how to perform novel tasks from natural instructions, for example interpreting natural language instructions [56] or analyzing observations of a human performing the task [4]. Based on such information, a robot has to understand … Cited by 5 Related articles All 2 versions

Medical Ontology K Sadegh-Zadeh – Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine, 2015 – Springer … The use of unrefined natural language in medicine brings with it an am- biguous disease ontology that originates from sloppy abstract statements such as “Acute myocardial infarction causes elevation of the concentration of the enzyme CK in blood … and so on”. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Distributional vectors encode referential attributes A Gupta, G Boleda, M Baroni… – … in Natural Language …, 2015 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org Page 1. Distributional vectors encode referential attributes Abhijeet Gupta? Gemma Boleda† Marco Baroni† Sebastian Padó? ?Institut für Maschinelle Sprachverarbeitung Universität Stuttgart †Center for Mind/Brain Sciences University of Trento Abstract … Cited by 4 Related articles All 11 versions

Transferring skills to humanoid robots by extracting semantic representations from observations of human activities K Ramirez-Amaro, M Beetz, G Cheng – Artificial Intelligence, 2015 – Elsevier … To obtain these triples, the authors associated visual features with natural language verbs and symbols from a defined vocabulary to build the semantic descriptions of video events. … [17] where a physical meaning was obtained using natural language. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 6 versions

Text Classification Models for Web Content Filtering and Online Safety S Liu, T Forss – 2015 IEEE International Conference on Data …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … A third approach for determining the topic representation of a web category is to extract key concept terms from semantic resources. There are several interesting lexicon and knowledge resources available such as WordNet, OpenCyc, BabelNet, Freebase, ConceptNet. … Related articles All 2 versions

Ontology Pattern-Based Data Integration AA Krisnadhi – 2015 – rave.ohiolink.edu Page 1. Ontology Pattern-Based Data Integration A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy By ADILA ALFA KRISNADHI S.Kom., Universitas Indonesia, 2002 M.Sc., Technische Universität Dresden, 2007 … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

From Information Extraction to Knowledge Discovery: Semantic Enrichment of Multilingual Content with Linked Open Data I Boydens, P Bouillon – homepages.ulb.ac.be … I would like to express my gratitude on the one hand to Pierrette Bouillon whose Master course of Ingénierie linguistique allowed me to get acquainted with natural language processing – and who was also the first one to suggest I take the job as a teaching assistant which … Related articles All 4 versions

Sentic Computing E Cambria, A Hussain – Cognitive Computation, 2015 – Springer … This also makes it a relatively easy bet that it will continue its way to a standard reference that will help change the way we approach sentiment, emotion, and affect in natural language processing and beyond. While approaches … Cited by 2 Related articles All 8 versions

Employing The Categories Of Wikipedia In The Task Of Automatic Documents Clustering A Bawakid – academia.edu … Other ontologies such as OpenCyc and SUMO have been employed in the literature, too[13 … [11] J. Sedding and D. Kazakov, “WordNet-based Text Document Clustering,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on RObust Methods in Analysis of Natural Language Data, Stroudsburg … Related articles

Filtering Inaccurate Entity Co-references on the Linked Open Data J Cuzzola, E Bagheri, J Jovanovic – International Conference on Database …, 2015 – Springer … After this pre-processing procedure, a total of 411 URIs primarily from DBpedia, Freebase, OpenCyc, and WordNet sources remained. … Furthermore, because our method relies on a natural language text description of the candidate entry, we discarded those candidates that did … Cited by 1 Related articles

Design Theory for Market Surveillance Systems X Li, SX Sun, K Chen, T Fung… – Journal of Management …, 2015 – Taylor & Francis Related articles

Mining various semantic relationships from unstructured user-generated web data PL Hsu, HS Hsieh, JH Liang, YS Chen – … , Services and Agents on the World …, 2015 – Elsevier … precision mapping [6], several studies [6] and [7] have used multiple ontologically structured datasets, such as WordNet, OpenCyc, and YAGO, to … Because of this characteristic, we have difficulty to adapt the natural language processing (NLP) techniques in this paper, since NLP … Cited by 4 Related articles All 7 versions

Seeking Open Educational Resources to Compose Massive Open Online Courses in Engineering Education An Approach based on Linked Open Data N Piedra, J Chicaiza, J López, E Tovar – Journal of Universal Computer …, 2015 – jucs.org … In addition DBPedia resources are linked to other linked data sources and ontologies such as Geonames, YAGO, OpenCyc, and WordNet, providing more semantic information in the form of relations such as typeOf and sameAs. [Cano et al., 2013; Muñoz-García et al., 2011] … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

YAMO: Yet Another Methodology for large-scale faceted Ontology construction D Biswanath Dutta, D Devika P. Madalli… – Journal of …, 2015 – emeraldinsight.com … Ai x , respectively. For instance, ChickenKebabI ? EI is a concept with name (ie a natural language label) Non-Vegetable Dish, while chicken_kebabI ? EI is an individual for concept ChickenKebab. Similarly, each relation … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Semantic web technologies in pervasive computing: A survey and research roadmap J Ye, S Dasiopoulou, G Stevenson, G Meditskos… – Pervasive and Mobile …, 2015 – Elsevier Pervasive and sensor-driven systems are by nature open and extensible, both in terms of input and tasks they are required to perform. Data streams coming from s. Cited by 15 Related articles All 7 versions

Towards Development of Ontology-Based Context-aware Persuasive Applications Promoting Physical Activity V Montaghami – 2015 – ruor.uottawa.ca Page 1. Towards development of Ontology-Based Context-aware Persuasive Applications Promoting Physical Activity By Valeh Montaghami Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Electrical and Computer Engineering School of Electrical … Related articles All 4 versions

Using microtasks to crowdsource DBpedia entity classification: A study in workflow design E Simperl, Q Bu, Y Li – semantic-web-journal.org … For instance, GuessWhat [20] takes seed concepts from Linked Data exploiting matching URIs in DBpedia, Freebase, and OpenCyc, and collects … one of most cited works is [32], which elaborates on the quality of crowd-generated labels in natural language processing tasks … Related articles All 2 versions

Automated Deduction–CADE-25 AP Felty, A Middeldorp – Springer … This paper discusses the use of first order automated reasoning in question answering and cognitive computing. For this the natural language question answering project LogAnswer is briefly depicted and the challenges faced therein are addressed. … Related articles

Mining the web of linked data with rapidminer P Ristoski, C Bizer, H Paulheim – … : Science, Services and Agents on the …, 2015 – Elsevier … We end up with data from ten different datasets, ie, DBpedia, 11 LinkedGeoData, 12 Eurostat, 13 Geonamesm, 14 WHO’s Global Health Observatory, 15 Linked Energy Data, 16 OpenCyc, 17 World Factbook, 18 and YAGO. 19. … Cited by 12 Related articles All 10 versions

Semantic Enrichment of Ontology Mappings DR Naturalium – 2015 – qucosa.de Page 1. Semantic Enrichment of Ontology Mappings Von der Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik der Universität Leipzig angenommene DISSERTATION zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Doctor Rerum Naturalium (Dr. rer. nat.) im Fachgebiet Informatik Vorgelegt … Related articles All 2 versions

[BOOK] Automated Deduction-CADE-25: 25th International Conference on Automated Deduction, Berlin, Germany, August 1-7, 2015, Proceedings AP Felty, A Middeldorp – 2015 – books.google.com … For this the natural language question answering project LogAnswer is briefly depicted and the challenges faced therein are addressed. This includes a treatment of query relaxation, web-services, large knowledge bases and co-operative answering. … Related articles All 2 versions

Ontological Semantics F Loebe – 2015 – qucosa.de Page 1. Ontological Semantics An Attempt at Foundations of Ontology Representation Von der Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik der Universität Leipzig angenommene DISSERTATION zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades DOCTOR RERUM NATURALIUM (Dr. rer. … Related articles

A Review of Linked Data Proposals in the Learning Domain. G Vega-Gorgojo, JI Asensio-Pérez, E Gómez-Sánchez… – J. UCS, 2015 – jucs.org Page 1. A Review of Linked Data Proposals in the Learning Domain Guillermo Vega-Gorgojo (Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain Universitetet i Oslo, Oslo, Norway guiveg@tel.uva.es, guiveg@ifi.uio.no) Juan I. Asensio … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

Semantic based task planning for domestic service robots AAA AL-MOADHEN – 2015 – orca.cf.ac.uk Page 1. SEMANTIC BASED TASK PLANNING FOR DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOTS A thesis submitted to Cardiff University in candidature for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy By AHMED ABDULHADI AHMED AL-MOADHEN School of Engineering Cardiff University … Related articles All 4 versions

Pervasive and Mobile Computing J Ye, S Dasiopoulou, G Stevenson, G Meditskos… – 2015 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org … It borrows terms from other standard domain ontologies such as FOAF,6 DAML-Time [53], OpenCyc [54], RCC [55], and the Rei Policy [56] Ontology. SOUPA’s temporal predicates are based on DAML-Time (predecessor of OWL-Time). … Related articles All 7 versions

What Search Engines Can’t Do. Holistic Entity Search on Web Data WT Balke – ifis.cs.tu-bs.de Page 1. 2015 What Search Engines Can’t Do. Holistic Entity Search on Web Data Von der Carl-Friedrich-Gauß-Fakultät der Technischen Universität Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig zur Erlangung des Grades Doktor-Ingenieur (Dr.-Ing.) genehmigte Dissertation … Related articles All 2 versions

Social and Semantic Contexts in Tourist Mobile Applications E Pitassi – 2015 – dspace-uniud.cineca.it … in the latter case there is a bottom-up approach: starting from the resource, the user apply descriptors coming from a non-controlled terms of natural language. The problem of natural language ambiguity has been long discussed [Kuh13, Rot98, Win72]. … Related articles All 2 versions

Semantic search and composition in unstructured peer-to-peer networks X Cao – 2015 – scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de … On the other hand, the emergence of the semantic web [27] allows for describing entities in a machine-understandable, more precise way. This complements the major descriptive methods, such as natural language, which are known to be sensitive to keyword ambiguity. … Related articles All 2 versions

Linked data with access control S Kirrane – 2015 – aran.library.nuigalway.ie … 2 Page 14. 1.2. HYPOTHESIS cross domain datasets (for example, DBpedia1, Freebase2 and OpenCyc3). Like the early days of the web of documents, to date much of the focus has been on publishing and consuming public data, where access control is not a consideration. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

Multi-Agent Context Management in Support of Ambient Intelligence Applications A Sorici – 2015 – tel.archives-ouvertes.fr Page 1. Multi-Agent Context Management in Support of Ambient Intelligence Applications Alexandru Sorici To cite this version: Alexandru Sorici. Multi-Agent Context Management in Support of Ambient Intelligence Appli- cations. Other [cs.OH]. … Related articles All 2 versions

Evolutionary design assistants for architecture N Onus Sönmez – 2015 – repository.tudelft.nl Page 1. Evolutionary design assistants for architecture N. Onur Sönmez 03 2015 Page 2. Page 3. Evolutionary design assistants for architecture N. Onur Sönmez Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture and the Built … Related articles All 2 versions

Utilising Wikipedia for text mining applications MA Qureshi – 2015 – aran.library.nuigalway.ie … 18 2.2.3 Freebase . . . . . 18 2.2.4 WordNet . . . . . 18 2.2.5 Cyc and OpenCyc . . . . . 19 2.2.6 Wikipedia . . . . . 19 2.3 The Data Source: Twitter . . . . . … Related articles All 4 versions