Anthropomorphism & Robots


Notes:

  • Anthropomorphic

Wikipedia:

References:

See also:

Chatbots & Easter EggsEmpathy & RobotsUncanny Valley


Measurement instruments for the anthropomorphism, animacy, likeability, perceived intelligence, and perceived safety of robots
C Bartneck, D Kuli?, E Croft, S Zoghbi – International journal of social …, 2009 – Springer
Abstract This study emphasizes the need for standardized measurement tools for human robot interaction (HRI). If we are to make progress in this field then we must be able to compare the results from different studies. A literature review has been performed on the

Measuring the anthropomorphism, animacy, likeability, perceived intelligence and perceived safety of robots
C Bartneck, E Croft, D Kulic – Metrics for HRI workshop, technical …, 2008 – academia.edu
ABSTRACT This study emphasizes the need for standardized measurement tools for human robot interaction (HRI). If we are to make progress in this field then we must be able to compare the results from different studies. A literature review has been performed on the

How anthropomorphism affects empathy toward robots
LD Riek, TC Rabinowitch, B Chakrabarti… – … on Human robot …, 2009 – dl.acm.org
Abstract A long-standing question within the robotics community is about the degree of human-likeness robots ought to have when interacting with humans. We explore an unexamined aspect of this problem: how people empathize with robots along the

To err is human (-like): Effects of robot gesture on perceived anthropomorphism and likability
M Salem, F Eyssel, K Rohlfing, S Kopp… – International Journal of …, 2013 – Springer
Abstract Previous work has shown that non-verbal behaviors affect anthropomorphic inferences about artificial communicators such as virtual agents or social robots. In an experiment with a humanoid robot we investigated the effects of the robot’s hand and arm

Social categorization of social robots: Anthropomorphism as a function of robot group membership
F Eyssel, D Kuchenbrandt – British Journal of Social Psychology, 2012 – Wiley Online Library
Abstract Previous work on social categorization has shown that people often use cues such as a person’s gender, age, or ethnicity to categorize and form impressions of others. The present research investigated effects of social category membership on the evaluation of

Understanding social robots: A user study on anthropomorphism
F Hegel, S Krach, T Kircher, B Wrede… – Robot and Human …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: Anthropomorphism is one of the keys to understand the expectations people have about social robots. In this paper we address the question of how a robotpsilas actions are perceived and represented in a human subject interacting with the robot and how this

If you sound like me, you must be more human’: on the interplay of robot and user features on human-robot acceptance and anthropomorphism
F Eyssel, D Kuchenbrandt, S Bobinger… – … on Human-Robot …, 2012 – dl.acm.org
Abstract In an experiment we manipulated a robot’s voice in two ways: First, we varied robot gender; second, we equipped the robot with a human-like or a robot-like synthesized voice. Moreover, we took into account user gender and tested effects of these factors on human-

Anthropomorphism and human likeness in the design of robots and human-robot interaction
J Fink – International Conference on Social Robotics, 2012 – Springer
Abstract In this literature review we explain anthropomorphism and its role in the design of socially interactive robots and human-robot interaction. We illustrate the social phenomenon of anthropomorphism which describes people’s tendency to attribute lifelike qualities to

Quantifying anthropomorphism of robot hands
MV Liarokapis, PK Artemiadis… – … and Automation (ICRA …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: In this paper a comparative analysis between the human and three robotic hands is conducted. A series of metrics are introduced to quantify anthropomorphism and assess robot’s ability to mimic the human hand. In order to quantify anthropomorphism we choose to

Effects of anticipated human-robot interaction and predictability of robot behavior on perceptions of anthropomorphism
F Eyssel, D Kuchenbrandt… – Human-Robot Interaction …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: Recent research has shown that anthropomorphism represents a means to facilitate HRI. Under which conditions do people anthropomorphize robots and other nonhuman agents? This research question was investigated in an experiment that

The influence of robot anthropomorphism on the feelings of embarrassment when interacting with robots
C Bartneck, T Bleeker, J Bun, P Fens… – Paladyn, Journal of …, 2010 – degruyter.com
Abstract Medical robots are expected to help with providing care in an aging society. The degree to which patients experience embarrassment in a medical examination might be influenced by the robots’ level of anthropomorphism. The results of our preliminary study

Loneliness makes the heart grow fonder (of robots)—on the effects of loneliness on psychological anthropomorphism
F Eyssel, N Reich – Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), 2013 8th …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: Sociality motivation represents an essential driving force for human behavior and well-being. If the need for affiliation is not satisfied and social interaction partners are unavailable, people might use an alternative strategy: Nonhuman entities, such as pets or

Effects of gesture on the perception of psychological anthropomorphism: a case study with a humanoid robot
M Salem, F Eyssel, K Rohlfing, S Kopp, F Joublin – Social robotics, 2011 – Springer
Abstract. Previous work has shown that gestural behaviors affect anthropomorphic inferences about artificial communicators such as virtual agents. In an experiment with a humanoid robot, we investigated to what extent gesture would affect anthropomorphic

Service robot anthropomorphism and interface design for emotion in human-robot interaction
T Zhang, B Zhu, L Lee, D Kaber – Automation Science and …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: There has been growing interest in both developing and implementing service robots for health care and home environments. In addition to a variety of functions supported by robotic technology, the interaction between a human and robot, including human

Anthropomorphism or sub-anthropomorphism? An anthropological approach to gods and robots
D Vidal – Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2007 – Wiley Online Library
Abstract Since the 1980s, a new area of research entitled HRI (Human-Robot Interaction) has been emerging in the field of robotic studies. It focuses on the empirical study of the relationship between robots and human beings. This article aims to contrast the findings of

Anthropomorphism: opportunities and challenges in human–robot interaction
J Z?otowski, D Proudfoot, K Yogeeswaran… – International journal of …, 2015 – Springer
Abstract Anthropomorphism is a phenomenon that describes the human tendency to see human-like shapes in the environment. It has considerable consequences for people’s choices and beliefs. With the increased presence of robots, it is important to investigate the

Functional anthropomorphism for human to robot motion mapping
MV Liarokapis, PK Artemiadis… – RO-MAN, 2012 …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: In this paper we propose a generic methodology for human to robot motion mapping for the case of a robotic arm hand system, allowing anthropomorphism. For doing so we discriminate between Functional Anthropomorphism and Perceptional

Utilitarian vs. hedonic robots: role of parasocial tendency and anthropomorphism in shaping user attitudes
N Lee, H Shin, SS Sundar – … -Robot Interaction (HRI), 2011 6th …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: This study examines the differential effects of hedonic vs. utilitarian robots, using a between-subjects experimental design, whereby 48 college students in Korea were randomly assigned to interact with either a Pleo (Dinosaur robot) or a Roomba (vacuum-

Psychological anthropomorphism of robots
H Kamide, F Eyssel, T Arai – International Conference on Social Robotics, 2013 – Springer
Abstract Using a representative sample, we explored the validity of measures of psychological anthropomorphism in Japanese context. We did so by having participants evaluate both robots and human targets regarding “mind perception”(Gray et al., 2007) and

Mapping human to robot motion with functional anthropomorphism for teleoperation and telemanipulation with robot arm hand systems
MV Liarokapis, PK Artemiadis… – Intelligent Robots and …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: In this paper teleoperation and telemanipulation with a robot arm (Mitsubishi PA-10) and a robot hand (DLR/HIT 2) is performed, using a human to robot motion mapping scheme that guarantees anthropomorphism. Two position trackers are used to capture

Anthropomorphism and service humanoid robots: an ambiguous relationship
B Tondu – Industrial Robot: An International Journal, 2012 – emeraldinsight.com
Purpose–So-called humanoid robots, among a large class of service robots, are designed to work in close harmony with humans. Their anthropomorphism and its consequences have, however, been little studied. The purpose of this paper is to tackle this question by

Anthropomorphism of artificial agents: a comparative survey of expressive design and motion of virtual Characters and Social Robots
S Dalibard, N Magnenat-Talmann… – … Social Robots and …, 2012 – hal.archives-ouvertes.fr
Autonomous virtual characters and social robots are meant to interact with humans. They should be able to communicate, express emotions and exhibit personality. Their social skills are highly dependent on their physical design, as well as on their motion capabilities. This

Multi-directional dynamic mechanical impedance of the human ankle; A key to anthropomorphism in lower extremity assistive robots
M Rastgaar, H Lee, E Ficanha, P Ho, HI Krebs… – Neuro-Robotics, 2014 – Springer
Abstract The mechanical impedance of the human ankle plays a central role in lower-extremity functions requiring physical interaction with the environment. Recent efforts in the design of lower-extremity assistive robots have focused on the sagittal plane; however, the

The ultimatum game as measurement tool for anthropomorphism in human–robot interaction
E Torta, E van Dijk, PAM Ruijten… – … Conference on Social …, 2013 – Springer
Abstract Anthropomorphism is the tendency to attribute human characteristics to non–human entities. This paper presents exploratory work to evaluate how human responses during the ultimatum game vary according to the level of anthropomorphism of the opponent, which

Directions, methods and metrics for mapping human to robot motion with functional anthropomorphism: A review
MV Liarokapis, PK Artemiadis… – … University of Athens …, 2013 – minasliarokapis.com
Abstract—In this paper we provide directions, methods and metrics that can be used to synthesize a complete framework for mapping human to robot motion with Functional Anthropomorphism. Such a mapping can be used in order to perform skill transfer from

Robots’ auditory cues are subject to anthropomorphism
VK Sims, MG Chin, HC Lum… – Proceedings of the …, 2009 – journals.sagepub.com
Research shows that human responses to robots are largely dependent on the robot’s physical attributes. The present study investigates whether robots’ auditory cues are interpreted differently depending on the degree to which they are anthropomorphic in

Extending legal protection to social robots: The effects of anthropomorphism, empathy, and violent behavior towards robotic objects
K Darling – 2012 – papers.ssrn.com
Abstract: People tend to anthropomorphize robots that interact with humans on a social level. This Article explores whether projecting emotions onto objects could lead to an extension of limited legal protections to robotic companions, analogous to animal abuse

Must smart objects look human? Study of the impact of anthropomorphism on the acceptance of companion robots
A Goudey, G Bonnin – Recherche et Applications en …, 2016 – journals.sagepub.com
Smart products will play a central role in consumer living in years to come. Close to humans because of their “intelligence,” should they also look like humans? The aim of this research is to test the impact of anatomical anthropomorphism on the acceptance of an autonomous

Priming Anthropomorphism: Can the credibility of humanlike robots be transferred to non-humanlike robots?
D Zanatto, M Patacchiola, J Goslin… – … on Human Robot …, 2016 – dl.acm.org
Abstract We investigated the perceived credibility of statements made by robots, hypothesising that people are more likely to believe robots with humanlike characteristics than those that are less anthropomorphic. We also examined whether prior experience with

Quantifying anthropomorphism of robot arms
CI Mavrogiannis, MV Liarokapis… – Intelligent Robots and …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: In this paper we introduce an index for the quantification of anthropomorphism of robot arms. The index is defined as a weighted sum of specific metrics which evaluate the similarities between the human and robot arm workspaces, providing a normalized score

Service Robots in Hospitality and Tourism: Investigating Anthropomorphism
J Murphy, U Gretzel, C Hofacker – 15th APacCHRIE Conference, 2017 – heli.edu.au
Abstract This conceptual manuscript takes a small step in robotic service (rService) research, drawing on services marketing, Human Robot Interaction (HRI) and the Uncanny Valley Theory to explore the range, role and outcomes of anthropomorphic characteristics in

The interactive effects of robot anthropomorphism and robot ability on perceived threat and support for robotics research
K Yogeeswaran, J Z?otowski… – … of Human-Robot …, 2016 – researchgate.net
The present research examines how a robot’s physical anthropomorphism interacts with perceived ability of robots to impact the level of realistic and identity threat that people perceive from robots and how it affects their support for robotics research. Experimental data

Expectations and Human-Robot Interaction. The influence of robot expectations on personality attribution, impressions and anthropomorphism
JAJ Rutjes – 2013 – essay.utwente.nl
More and more social robots are introduced to the consumer market. This means that it is important to investigate how and why humans interact with a social robot. The current study investigated if expectations of a social robot would influence the impressions humans had of

Understanding Anthropomorphism in the Interaction Between Users and Robots
JA Zlotowski – 2015 – ir.canterbury.ac.nz
Anthropomorphism is a common phenomenon when people attribute human characteristics to non-human objects. It plays an important role in acceptance of robots in natural human environments. Various studies in the field of Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) show that there

Carebot: Effects of anthropomorphism and language from a healthcare robot
JJ Brewer – 2016 – rave.ohiolink.edu
Abstract This study explored the effects of anthropomorphism and language use by a social robotic entity. Specifically, this study examined the evaluative results of higher or lower levels of anthropomorphism and the use of individualistic “I” or collectivist “we” pronoun use,

Computational Model of Anthropomorphism for Human-Robot Interaction
J Zlotowski – 2013 – ir.canterbury.ac.nz
Anthropomorphism is one of the most extensively studied topics in HRI. Various factors were reported as affecting the degree to which a robot is perceived as human-like. However, our knowledge of this phenomenon is segmented as there is lack of a comprehensive model of

Anthropomorphism in social robotics: empirical results on human–robot interaction in hybrid production workplaces
A Richert, S Müller, S Schröder, S Jeschke – AI & SOCIETY – Springer
Abstract New forms of artificial intelligence on the one hand and the ubiquitous networking of “everything with everything” on the other hand characterize the fourth industrial revolution. This results in a changed understanding of human–machine interaction, in new models for

Between machines and humans: Reflexive anthropomorphism in Japanese robot competitions
Y Sone – About Performance, 2012 – search.proquest.com
Abstract ROBO-ONE is an organisation that runs popular hobby robot competitions in Japan. It showcases humanoid combat: two small-sized robots of human-like appearance, typically thirty to fifty centimetres tall, do battle in a fighting arena, a ring of around three metres in

Designing a receptionist robot: Effect of voice and appearance on anthropomorphism
G Trovato, JG Ramos, H Azevedo… – Robot and Human …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: Robots are possible candidates for performing tasks as helpers in activities of daily living in the future: working as a receptionist is one possible employment. However, the way the receptionist robot should appear, sound and behave needs to be investigated carefully,

My dear robot: anthropomorphism and loneliness
M Arendt – 2015 – essay.utwente.nl
Over the last years a more refined picture over the concept of anthropomorphism develop. Where before the focus lay primarily on the questions of where and to what extend anthropomorphism occurs, now a theory on the how emerged. The Three-Factor theory

Working for an Anthropomorphic Robot: A Study on the Effects of Workload on Robot Anthropomorphism
R Rothuis – 2013 – referaat.cs.utwente.nl
ABSTRACT In this research the relationship between workload of a participant and human-likeness of a robot is explored. The experienced shared reality between robot and human is also looked at in relation to workload. This research involves a user study which places the

Effects of anthropomorphism on trust in human-robot interaction
KR MacArthur, WT Shugars, TL Sanders, PA Hancock – 2017 – works.bepress.com
Effects of anthropomorphism on trust in human … Keith R MacArthur, University of Central Florida William T. Shugars, University of Central Florida Dr. Tracy L. Sanders, University of Central Florida Dr. Peter A. Hancock, University of Central Florida … Available at: https://works.bepress.com

My dear robot: anthropomorphism and loneliness
S Chapman – 2015 – essay.utwente.nl
In the past few years the concept of anthropomorphism became a relevant topic in the human-robotic interaction due to improvements in humanlike robots and increased use in social health care facilities. The Three-Factor Theory of Epley tries to explain when humans

How Anthropomorphism Affects Human Perception of Color-Gender-Labeled Pet Robots
KM Chung, DH Shin – … /IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot …, 2015 – dl.acm.org
Abstract The aim of this study is to examine whether six color-gender-labeled pet robots draw repulsive responses from participants based on the measurement of five key concepts in human-robot interaction: anthropomorphism, animacy, likeability, perceived intelligence,

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