VoiceXML & Chatbots


Notes:

  • XML grammar

Resources:

Wikipedia:

See also:

100 Best VoiceXML Videos


The return of the chatbots
R Dale – Natural Language Engineering, 2016 – cambridge.org
… piece of retro technology that has resurfaced in the chatbot world is the finite state dialog modeling framework used in the speech recognition industry, made popular by VoiceXML in a series of standards since version 1.0 in 2000.18 Interacting with some chatbots is incredibly …

Protecting chatbots from toxic content
G Baudart, J Dolby, E Duesterwald, M Hirzel… – Proceedings of the …, 2018 – dl.acm.org
… For instance, the 2004 VoiceXML standard (a W3C stan- dard chatbot programming model) declares “A future version of VoiceXML may specify criteria by which a VoiceXML Pro- cessor safeguards the … Instead, the chatbot designer 100 … Protecting Chatbots from Toxic Content …

Reactive chatbot programming
G Baudart, M Hirzel, L Mandel, A Shinnar… – Proceedings of the 5th …, 2018 – dl.acm.org
… the controller emits signal suspend_resume to suspend the execution of the main chat- bot and launch … 3.3 Chatbot Dispatch In the previous example the switch between the two chatbots is triggered by an … A first solution is to add a dedicated dis- patcher chatbot whose role is to …

Generating chat bots from web API specifications
M Vaziri, L Mandel, A Shinnar, J Siméon… – Proceedings of the 2017 …, 2017 – dl.acm.org
… A chat bot compiler from web API specifications, gen- erating self-documenting chat bots for calling APIs. • In-dialogue curation of generated chat bots using nat- ural language. • A prototype implementation for the compiler and a realization in the Slack messaging system …

An architecture to develop multimodal educative applications with chatbots
D Griol, Z Callejas – International Journal of Advanced …, 2013 – journals.sagepub.com
… Tips on citation download. Download Citation. Download article citation data for: An Architecture to Develop Multimodal Educative Applications with Chatbots. David Griol and Zoraida Callejas. International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems 2013 10:3. Download Citation …

Automatic generation of chatbots for conversational web browsing
P Chittò, M Baez, F Daniel, B Benatallah – International Conference on …, 2020 – Springer
… markup-based approaches such as VoiceXML [10] and voice-enabled screen readers integrated into web browsers [1]. VoiceXML [10] is a W3C … As for chatbot development, general platforms and tools support the development of stand-alone chatbots (eg, DialogFlow …

Chatbots and new audience opportunities for museums and heritage organisations
S Boiano, A Borda, G Gaia, S Rossi… – … visualisation and the …, 2018 – scienceopen.com
… Chatbots and New Audience Opportunities for Museums and Heritage Organisations Stefania Boiano, Ann … Generally, the term ‘chatbot’ has referred to a software application that engages in a … in the speech recognition sector have been made possible by VoiceXML, which has …

Conversational AI: Dialogue Systems, Conversational Agents, and Chatbots
M McTear – Synthesis Lectures on Human Language …, 2020 – morganclaypool.com
… years that this idea has become a reality with the emergence of digital personal assistants, smart speak- ers, and chatbots … conversational interface, dialogue system, voice user interface, embodied conversa- tional agent, chatbot, deep learning, data-driven, statistical, end-to …

The Geranium System: Multimodal Conversational Agents for E-learning
D Griol, JM Molina, AS de Miguel – Distributed computing and artificial …, 2014 – Springer
… 4. Example VoiceXML document and corresponding grammars … described the Geranium conversational agent, a web-based interactive software with a friendly chatbot that can … The system has been developed using an architecture to cost-effectively develop pedagogic chatbots …

Engaging museum visitors with AI: The case of chatbots
G Gaia, S Boiano, A Borda – Museums and Digital Culture, 2019 – Springer
… which aims to explore the future of system-initiated directed dialogs of VoiceXML applications, such … API to developers in 2017, providing a means to build a simple chatbot on Facebook. Twitter opened its direct messaging channel to chatbots in the previous year that began a …

The Geranium system: multimodal conversational agents for e-learning
D Griol Barres, JM Molina López… – 2014 – e-archivo.uc3m.es
… 4. Example VoiceXML document and corresponding grammars … described the Geranium conversational agent, a web-based interactive software with a friendly chatbot that can … The system has been developed using an architecture to cost-effectively develop pedagogic chatbots …

The rise of the conversational interface: A new kid on the block?
MF McTear – International workshop on future and emerging trends …, 2016 – Springer
… Toolkits, especially for developing VoiceXML-based applications, for example, Voxeo Evolution … the late Dr Hugh Loebner, have the aim of finding the most human-like chatbot. To date most conversations with chatbots have been text-based, although some more recent chatbots …

Intention Perception and Human-Robot Interaction
B Koenig, E Wirawan, KS Wan – researchgate.net
… 16 Page 17. Suggestions for HRI, part 2 2. Save time by using industry-standard packages. For example, script the chatbot using VoiceXml and the JVoiceXml open-source platform. 3. This will not be adequate, but it will reveal where the substantive challenges are …

MILLA–A multimodal interactive language agent
C Cabral, N Campbell, S Ganesh, E Gilmartin, F Haider… – 2014 – tara.tcd.ie
… For rapid prototyping many of the dialogue modules were first written in VoiceXML, and then ported to Python modules. 2.1 Pronunciation Tuition … (Level 2), two chatbots created using the Pan- dorabots web-based chatbot hosting service …

Conversational web interaction: proposal of a dialog-based natural language interaction paradigm for the web
M Baez, F Daniel, F Casati – International Workshop on Chatbot Research …, 2019 – Springer
… the other hand is a lightweight markup language created in response to VoiceXML, but that … Developers should thus not have to write any own line of chatbot code … Modern chatbots typically feature AI-powered natural language interpretation requiring proper training before use …

Conversational interfaces: Past and present
M McTear, Z Callejas, D Griol – The Conversational Interface, 2016 – Springer
… create VoiceXML applications: Voxeo Evolution Portal 10 and Nuance Café 11 (formerly Bevocal Café). Chatbot applications can be created at Pandorabots 12 and ChatScript. 13 Chapter 7 features the Pandorabots platform, which supports the development of chatbots using …

Developing multimodal conversational agents for an enhanced e-learning experience
D Griol, JM Molina, AS De Miguel – ADCAIJ: Advances in Distributed …, 2014 – revistas.usal.es
… Chatbots trained on a corpus have been proposed to allow conversation practice on … oral communication, along with the speech and textual response, the chatbot provides visual … been developed according to the Voice Extensible Markup Language (VoiceXML) [DOMINGUEZ, K …

Prototyping a chatbot for student supervision in a pre-registration process
LD Krisnawati, BE Butar-Butar… – CommIT (Communication …, 2018 – journal.binus.ac.id
… in this session are from both interview and user interaction with the chatbot and deal … Processing and understanding user input are the tasks of language understanding component of a chat- bot. Most currently built chatbots accept user inputs in the form of sentences instead of …

Instructional design and natural language processing in dialogue-based CALL
S Bibauw, T François, P Desmet – … , Date: 2016/05/10-2016/05/12 …, 2016 – lirias.kuleuven.be
… paradigms and frameworks Chatbot Handcrafted rules Normalized utterance ChatScript … Slot-value pairs VoiceXML CSLU Toolkit CMU Olympus … to dialogue management? Chatbots Some systems with 250 000 rules! And still dramatically limited, using massive avoidance …

Introducing the conversational interface
M McTear, Z Callejas, D Griol – the conversational interface, 2016 – Springer
… Chapter 7: Creating a conversational interface using chatbot technology … created using fairly simple techniques that have been applied widely in the development of chatbots … provides practical exercises in rule-based and statistical dialog management, using VoiceXML for the …

Developing multimodal conversational agents for an enhanced e-learning experience
D Griol Barres, JM Molina López… – 2014 – e-archivo.uc3m.es
… Chatbots trained on a corpus have been proposed to allow conversation practice on … oral communication, along with the speech and textual response, the chatbot provides visual … been developed according to the Voice Extensible MarNup Language (VoiceXML) [DOMINGUEZ …

The dialport portal: Grouping diverse types of spoken dialog systems
T Zhao, K Lee, M Eskenazi – Workshop on Chatbots and …, 2016 – workshop.colips.org
… Popular frame- works from academia include VoiceXML [10], the CSLU toolkit [16], Olympus [2], Trindikit [8], Opendial [7] and the … Thus, a user can talk with the specific chatbot agent con- tinuously without getting intervened and the function of those chatbots will be …

Engineering and user experience of chatbots in the context of damage recording for insurance companies
J Götzer – 2018 – elib.uni-stuttgart.de
… Users can ask a chatbot a specific question and the system will respond with the result immediately, or ask a follow-up question to narrow the search space. That way, chatbots can help customers sift through data and products on the internet and help make decisions …

Virtual carer: A first prototype
AF Dragoni – Telehealth Networks for Hospital Services: New …, 2013 – igi-global.com
… A typical application would be as depicted in the picture: in this case, the family of an elderly called the voice server via the telephone (VoiceXML 2005) … The database contains Figure 4. Chatbot “ALICE” Figure 5. Voice-XML Page 9. 298 Virtual Carer …

Dialport: Connecting the spoken dialog research community to real user data
T Zhao, K Lee, M Eskenazi – 2016 IEEE Spoken Language …, 2016 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… Popular frameworks from academia include VoiceXML [2], CSLU toolkit [3], Olym- pus [4], Trindikit [5], Opendial [6], Virtual Human Toolkit [7] and many … If the similarity score is over 80%, the system response is selected from the chat bot agent … (c) Neural Chatbot open domain …

Alana: Social dialogue using an ensemble model and a ranker trained on user feedback
I Papaioannou, AC Curry, JL Part… – Alexa Prize …, 2017 – alexaprize.s3.amazonaws.com
… Eliza: We extended an existing Eliza-style chatbot called Rosie.4 Since the initial Rosie bot was designed for mobile devices, we heavily altered it for the Challenge … Quiz Game: A hand-crafted system developed using a VoiceXML …

Conversational Web Interaction: Proposal of a Dialog-Based Natural Language Interaction Paradigm for the Web?
F Casati – researchgate.net
… the other hand is a lightweight markup language created in response to VoiceXML, but that … Developers should thus not have to write any own line of chatbot code … Modern chatbots typically fea- ture AI-powered natural language interpretation requiring proper training before use …

Coherent topic transition in a conversational agent
D Macias-Galindo, W Wong, L Cavedon… – … Annual Conference of …, 2012 – isca-speech.org
… has been in the context of task-oriented di- alogue, for instance TRIPS [1, 2]. Unlike chatbots which sit … As opposed to the standard chatbot approach (eg ALICE [4]) which is designed to respond to any user … dissimilar to a simple VoiceXML (VXML) approach to interpreting input …

Introducing the Talk Markup Language (TalkML): Adding a little social intelligence to industrial speech interfaces
P Wallis – arXiv preprint arXiv:2105.11294, 2021 – arxiv.org
… at dialog systems, ranging from languages for scripting dialog such as AIML [1] for chatbots such as … authoring by looking again at the role of nomatch and noinput exceptions in VoiceXML – should be seen … Consider the conversation in Figure 5 between a human and a chat bot …

Voice Based E-Prescription
K Choudhary, T Agrawal, R Dama… – Available at SSRN …, 2021 – papers.ssrn.com
… Implementation of AI Chat bot using IBM watson Fig … Fig.7: Flow diagram used for the Chatbot … 2016 [8] Azeta AA, NA Ikhu-Omoregbe, CK Ayo & AA Atayero (2008), “Development and Deployment of VoiceXML-Based Banking Applications”, Journal of Computer Science & its …

MILLA Multimodal Interactive Language Learning Agent
J Paulo Cabral, N Campbell, S Ganesh, E Gilmartin… – 2014 – oatao.univ-toulouse.fr
… For rapid prototyping the dialogue mod- ules were first written in VoiceXML, then ported to Python modules … interaction practice, MILLA sends the user to Michael (Level1) or Susan (Level 2), two chatbots created using the Pandorabots web- based chatbot hosting service …

Current trend and literature on electronic CRM adoption review
FN Adlin, R Ferdiana, S Fauziati – Journal of Physics: Conference …, 2019 – iopscience.iop.org
… The reason is because VoiceXML is the standard application language for voice dialogues … Explain and review each implementation technique with various chatbots. In this study explained the initial chatbot development to artificial intelligence systems that have helped a lot in …

An ensemble model with ranking for social dialogue
I Papaioannou, AC Curry, JL Part, I Shalyminov… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2017 – arxiv.org
… Eliza: We extended an existing Eliza-style chatbot called Rosie.2 Since the initial Rosie bot was designed for mobile devices, we heavily altered it for the Challenge … Quiz Game: A hand-crafted system developed using a VoiceXML-based structure …

Deep learning for language understanding of mental health concepts derived from Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
L Rojas-Barahona, BH Tseng, Y Dai… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2018 – arxiv.org
… This system is based on Cognitive Behavioural Ther- apy and the system behaviour is scripted using VoiceXML … The Stanford Woebot chat-bot proposed by (Fitz- patrick et al., 2017) is designed for delivering CBT to young adults with depression and anxiety …

Developing and evaluating an oral skills training website supported by automatic speech recognition technology
HHJ Chen – ReCALL, 2011 – cambridge.org
… One is VoiceXML and another is Speech Application Language Tags (SALT) … The VoiceXML Forum was developed by AT&T, IBM, Lucent, and Motorola in 1999, in order to develop a standard markup language for specifying voice dialogues …

NADIA: A simplified approach towards the development of natural dialogue systems
MM Berg – International Conference on Applications of Natural …, 2015 – Springer
… However, despite the simplicity of the approach, AIML has proven to be a good tool to create convincing chatbots as several Loebner prices indicate … It is much more generic and supports more complex scenarios than VoiceXML or AIML …

An open-source dialog system with real-time engagement tracking for job interview training applications
Z Yu, V Ramanarayanan, P Lange… – … social interaction with …, 2019 – Springer
… [19], a chatbot reacts to … the respective components; the Sphinx automatic speech recognizer [5] and the Kaldi ASR system; Festival [12] and Mary [10] text to speech synthesis engines; and an Apache Tomcat-based web server that can host dynamic VoiceXML (VXML) pages …

A maturity assessment framework for conversational AI development platforms
J Aronsson, P Lu, D Strüber, T Berger – Proceedings of the 36th Annual …, 2021 – dl.acm.org
… Systems that were just simple chatbots (ie, responding only to simplest queries like “tell me the time”) were excluded … Chatbot and Botpress lacked 1739 Page 5 … web-based VoiceXML open free impl.-dependent Recast.ai closed semi-comm …

CRF, 50 CUDA, 196, 199 CURD, 262 CV classification, 42 CV-dependent Wiener filter, 42
C Computing, CMU Sphinx – … of the Paralinguistic Information and its …, 2011 – Springer
… 360 Bayesian networks, 249 Belief, 191, 194 Belief update, 190, 192, 244 Black-box, 296, 298 Chart parsing, 128 Chatbot, 366 Circumplex … 27 Viterbi algorithm, 51 Voice activity detection, 42, 127 Voice book search, 33 Voice onset point, 42 Voice search, 31 VoiceXML, 5, 227 …

The conversational interface
MF McTear, Z Callejas, D Griol – 2016 – Springer
… That success prompted the industry to create standards such as VoiceXML that contributed to making the task of developers easier … in the commercial world of conversational interfaces; Richard Wallace, who encouraged us to explore the world of chatbot technology; Ramón …

Speech Standards: Lessons Learnt
P Baggia – Human 4.0-From Biology to Cybernetic, 2020 – books.google.com
… This increase is continuing, with the diffusion of virtual assistants, auto- matic chatbots, speech presence in smartphones, in the car, and at home … One of the first actions of the W3C VBWG was to acknowledge the contribution of the VoiceXML Forum [17](founded by AT&T, Lucent …

Conversational UX design: an introduction
RJ Moore, R Arar – Studies in conversational UX design, 2018 – Springer
… Today’s chatbot platforms enable the designer to create a variety of different styles of interaction … Bennett shows how the design of some of today’s chatbots can be improved by … standards in the more mature discipline of automatic speech recognition (eg, VoiceXML or Speech …

Bringing Cognitive Augmentation to Web Browsing Accessibility
A Pina, M Baez, F Daniel – International Conference on Service-Oriented …, 2020 – Springer
… CrossRefGoogle Scholar. 5. Baez, M., Daniel, F., Casati, F., Benatallah, B.: Chatbot integration in … Chittò, P., Baez, M., Daniel, F., Benatallah, B.: Automatic generation of chatbots for conversational … M., Burke, D., Burnett, D., et al.: Voice extensible markup language (VoiceXML) …

Ney Yibeogo-Hello World: A Voice Service Development Platform to Bridge the Web’s Digital Divide.
A Baart, A Bon, V de Boer, W Tuijp, H Akkermans… – WEBIST, 2018 – scitepress.org
… In the use cases of the KasaDaka platform, Asterisk provides the connection between the phone network (3G dongle) and the VoiceXML interpreter. To enable Asterisk to interface with the 3G dongle an extension is required … Voice application document standard: VoiceXML …

Building multi-domain conversational systems from single domain resources
D Griol, JM Molina – Neurocomputing, 2018 – Elsevier
JavaScript is disabled on your browser. Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. Skip to main content Skip to article …

Voice application development for Android
MF McTear, Z Callejas – 2013 – books.google.com
… on XML. The VoiceXML scripts are then interpreted on avoice browserthat alsoprovides the required speech and telephony functions. Chatbots, which have been usedtraditionally tosimulate human conversation. Theearliest …

The state of voice user interfaces in Latin America
AL Iñiguez-Carrillo, LS Gaytán-Lugo… – Avances en …, 2020 – aihc.amexihc.org
… areas of voice technology research, such as conversational agents, chatbot, dialog systems … Natural language processing, conversational agents, user experience, and chatbots are keywords … Voice user interface using voicexml: Environment, architecture and dialogs initiative …

Index and Scope
MA Khan, F Freitag – torrossa.com
Page 1. Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal Special Issue #8 I Index and Scope SCOPE The Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal (ADCAIJ) is an open access …

Platon: Dialog Management and Rapid Prototyping for Multilingual Multi-user Dialog Systems
M Gropp, A Schmidt, T Kleinbauer, D Klakow – … Conference on Text …, 2016 – Springer
… Similarly, VoiceXML has strengths in form-filling applications but has been criticized for its inflexible handling of dialog initiative and shallow dialog model [3, 8 … Platon can be used to realize a basic chatbot-like dialog system as a stand-alone application, as a first impression of a …

Conversational Systems Research in Spain: A Scientometric Approach
D Griol, Z Callejas – Conversational Dialogue Systems for the Next …, 2021 – Springer
… OR “Google assistant” OR “Google Home” OR “Google Now” OR hellomybot OR HeyMojo OR Houndify OR “HubSpot’s Chatbot Builder” OR … personal assistant” OR “voice actions” OR “voice interface” OR “voice user interface” OR voicebot OR Voiceflow OR VoiceXML OR VOIQ …

NLP commercialisation in the last 25 years
R Dale – Natural Language Engineering, 2019 – cambridge.org
… Today’s text-based chatbots, found on many websites and messaging apps, displaying a wide range of capabilities (or, often, lack of capability) … hSee www.voicexml.org … recognition developers of the 1990s and 2000s are being relearned by today’s chatbot developers …

Contact Center Applications in the Computing Cloud
N Anisimov – fiztech-usa.net
… We should mention VoiceXML technology [9] to specify IVR-like dialog management, and CCXML [10] to define call control both covering only part of contact … This is a place where chat bots and virtual assistant technologies (such as AWS Lex) could be incorporated as well …

Dialogue systems using web-based language tools
A Niklasson – 2017 – diva-portal.org
… Page 2. Page 3. Abstract Chatbots in commercial environments are on the rise with the release of several web-based language understanding tools … Page 15. Chapter 1 Introduction Chatbots have existed for more than 60 years but the area has recently seen a massive upswing …

Proposal of Interactive Home System Using Computer Graphics (CG) Characters
D Hiruma, H Uemura, M Okumura… – 2020 IEEE International …, 2020 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… [7] Komatani, K., Adachi, F.\, Ueno, S., Kawahara, T., and Okuno, HG: Flexible spoken dialogue system based on user models and dynamic generation of VoiceXML scripts. In Proc. SIGdial, pp.87-96, 2003 … [11] “Support chatbot”, < https://ai.userlocal.jp/>, (referred Jul.2019) …

Configuration of dialogue agent with multiple knowledge sources
R Jiang, RE Banchs, S Kim, LF D’Haro… – 2015 Asia-Pacific …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… eg Appoint booking, medical question answering) and entertainment (eg game, joke telling, chatbot) [3]. Usually … For instance, AIML is widely used as knowledge base for chatbots which are … VoiceXML is commonly used in many industries with a variety of successful commercial …

Vonda: A framework for ontology-based dialogue management
B Kiefer, A Welker, C Biwer – Increasing Naturalness and …, 2021 – books.google.com
… 1 Introduction Natural language dialogue systems1 are becoming more and more popular, be it as virtual assistants such as Siri or Cortana, as Chatbots on websites providing customer support, or … The example application also contains a VoiceXML based interpretation module …

Steps Towards Creating Socially Competent Game Characters
J Brusk – 2014 – gupea.ub.gu.se
… 73 4.2 VOICEXML … The World Wide Web Consortium4 (W3C) is an organization that develops standards for the web among which VoiceXML is the most commonly used standards for building dialogue systems …

The Development and Evaluation of Interactional Competence Elicitor for Oral Language Assessments
E Chukharev?Hudilainen… – ETS Research Report …, 2021 – Wiley Online Library
… Once a delivery framework is in place, the development of an SDS amounts to creating a task-specific DM, which in the simplest case could take the form of a text-based chat bot … For example, in the HALEF framework, the DM can be implemented as a VoiceXML document …

Affordable Voice Services to Bridge the Digital Divide: Presenting the Kasadaka Platform
A Baart, A Bon, V de Boer, F Dittoh, W Tuijp… – … Conference on Web …, 2018 – Springer
… technologies. In the implementation of the KasaDaka platform, Asterisk provides the connection between the phone network (3G dongle) and the VoiceXML interpreter … Voice application document standard: VoiceXML. VoiceXML …

Adaptive Conversation System Based on Script: First Work: Construct Script with Vector and Classify it with SIFT
M He, F Ren – 2018 5th IEEE International Conference on …, 2018 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… sundry responds by learning a generation model from those answers, just like most of the chat bots, such as … want to learn English, and these resources are also used as the database of a chatbot on the … Multimodal dialogue system with NAO and VoiceXML dialogue manager …

I can parse you: Grammars for dialogs
M Hirzel, L Mandel, A Shinnar, J Siméon… – 2nd Summit on …, 2017 – drops.dagstuhl.de
… Given this trend, several companies are starting to offer services that let customers author and run their own chat bots … Dialog Interpreter Text to Speech (TTS) Natural Language Generation (NLG) Figure 15 Basic chat bot architecture. Undefined Filled Confirmed Rejected …

Natural language processing: past, present and future
DA Dahl – Mobile speech and advanced natural language …, 2013 – Springer
… the popularity of statistical natural language processing based on SLM’s and text classification, today the URL for a VoiceXML grammar often … have a conversation, such as the very early program ELIZA (Weizenbaum 1966) or more modern programs called “chatbots,” but most …

A scoping review of patient-facing, behavioral health interventions with voice assistant technology targeting self-management and healthy lifestyle behaviors
E Sezgin, LK Militello, Y Huang… – Translational Behavioral …, 2020 – academic.oup.com
The use of voice assistants in behavioral health to support self-management and healthy lifestyle behaviors is acceptable across diverse sets of participants, y.

Affordable Voice Services to Bridge the Digital Divide: Presenting the Kasadaka Platform
W Tuijp, H Akkermans – … 2018, Seville, Spain, September 18–20 …, 2020 – books.google.com
… In the implementation of the KasaDaka plat- form, Asterisk provides the connection between the phone network (3G dongle) and the VoiceXML interpreter … Fortunately VoiceXML also supports the playback of audio files, much alike embedding images in an HTML page …

Just ASK: building an architecture for extensible self-service spoken language understanding
A Kumar, A Gupta, J Chan, S Tucker… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2017 – arxiv.org
… At the other end of the spectrum, standards such as VoiceXML have existed since the early 2000s … Zhang, Zhouhan Lin, Sandeep Subramanian, Taesup Kim, Michael Pieper, Sarath Chandar, Nan Rosemary Ke, et al., “A deep reinforcement learning chatbot,” arXiv preprint arXiv …

Hello World-Ney Yibeogo: What Needs To Be Achieved for a Truly Inclusive World Wide Web
A Bon, A Baart, W Tuyp, V de Boer, H Akkermans – w4ra.org
… based services commonly used in customer service call centers, are starting to be replaced by smartphone apps, chatbots (through websites … generates a dialogue document (in VoiceXML, see https://www.w3.org/TR/voicexml21/) by concatenating the voice fragments (in the …

AI Assistants
R Pieraccini – 2021 – books.google.com
… The classic example is Eliza, one of the oldest chatbots built in the 1960s that simulates a session with a psychoana- lyst. During a short interaction with the chatbot, Eliza provides the illusion of understanding what you say and maintaining a seemingly intelligent conversation …

Towards the Use of Dialog Systems to Facilitate Inclusive Education
D Griol Barres, Z Callejas, JM Molina López… – 2013 – e-archivo.uc3m.es
… They also argue that chatbots give students the opportunity to use varying language structures and vocabulary (for example slang and taboo words), which they may otherwise get little chance to experience (Fryer and … The XML, XHTML and VoiceXML (http://www.w3.org …

AN EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF SPEECH SYNTHESIS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WEB APPLICATIONS USED IN MODERN MASS MEDIA.
ME Prajsová, MD Rettigové – P?ÍLOHA ?ASOPISU JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY … – Citeseer
… It was possible thanks to the popularization of a new programming language called VoiceXml, which enables interaction between a user … At present three virtual models named Built Environment Visualisation, Traning and Education, and Chatbots can be found at this website …

Authoring Negotiation Content and Programming Simulated Patients
V Petukhova, F Sharifullaeva, D Klakow – … Dialogue Systems for the Next …, 2021 – Springer
… Getting travel information. CMU Communicator [36]; VoiceXML [47]. Information state update … There are a dozen authoring tools to help non-experts to design dialogue exchanges with chatbots. All have graphical interfaces, and most of them require no programming …

Integration of a voice recognition system in a social robot
F Alonso-Martín, MA Salichs – Cybernetics and Systems: An …, 2011 – Taylor & Francis
… 2009). Currently, there are many robots enabled with automatic voice recognition capabilities. Based on this capability, they can be classified into two types: first, those called chatbots or virtual robots, which “are alive” only on a computer screen but lack a physical body …

An Experimental Evaluation of Grounding Strategies for Conversational Agents
Y Zou – 2020 – gupea-server.ub.gu.se
… Therefore, Voxeo was chosen in this paper. Voxeo provides an XML based telephony application platform with multiple flexible functions, including W3C standard and VoiceXML 2.0 … Due to the popularity and utility, JavaScript has also been integrated into VoiceXML …

The need for Technology to support the formation of new social
JH Kaufman, J Ruvolo, DA Ford – Agent Supported Cooperative …, 2012 – books.google.com
… Tempus Fugit generates HTML, Wireless Markup Language (WML)(WAP 1998) and Voice eXtensible Markup Language (VoiceXML”)(VXML 2000), simply by … This is a” chat bot” that monitors and participates in the conversations between humans that occur in ” rooms” of the …

It’s Time to Personalise the Voice
D Kearns – 2020 – scss.tcd.ie
… It was developed for HTML to make it easy for web developers to create voice applications for the web (VoiceXML 2000). SALT is used in HTML pages to add voice recognition to web applications … In 2016, IKEA’s chatbot, Anna, retired due to unforeseen circumstances …

Does a conversational robot need to have its own values? a study of dialogue strategy to enhance people’s motivation to use autonomous conversational robots
T Uchida, T Minato, H Ishiguro – Proceedings of the Fourth International …, 2016 – dl.acm.org
… Many chatbot systems like ELIZA [20] are able to han- dle multi-turn dialogues driven by a huge dialogue database (eg, [8]); yet they do not seem to produce replies appropri … Flexible spoken dialogue system based on user models and dynamic generation of VoiceXML scripts …

Conversational Systems Research in Spain: A Scientometric Approach
D Griol Barres, Z Callejas Carrión – 2020 – digibug.ugr.es
… OR “Google assistant” OR “Google Home” OR “Google Now” OR hellomybot OR HeyMojo OR Houndify OR “HubSpot’s Chatbot Builder” OR … personal assistant” OR “voice actions” OR “voice interface” OR “voice user interface” OR voicebot OR Voiceflow OR VoiceXML OR VOIQ …

1. Overview of speech and language technologies
D Dahl, K Beals, R Fink, M Linebarger – Speech and Language …, 2015 – degruyter.com
Page 1. Deborah Dahl 1 Overview of speech and language technologies Abstract: This chapter provides a technical overview and description of the state of the art for current speech and language processing technologies. It …

Standardized representations and markup languages for multimodal interaction
R Tumuluri, D Dahl, F Paternò… – The Handbook of …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… VoiceXML. An XML markup language for defining form-filling spoken dialog applica- tions, standardized by the W3C Voice Browser Working Group. World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) … These standards include VoiceXML [Oshry et al …

Rapid prototyping and evaluation of dialogue systems for virtual humans
S Gandhe – 2014 – search.proquest.com
… dialogue systems compare to others. Chatbot systems like Eliza (Weizenbaum, 1966) or Alice (Wallace, 2003b) aim to imitate humans … Similar to chat- bots, virtual humans need to be human-like conversational partners, but typically their interactions are … For chatbots, it is often …

Statistical dialogue modelling
M Gašic – 2011 – cs.hhu.de
… There only currently exist text-based dia- logue systems, so-called chat-bots, that produce seemingly natural sentences but fail to sustain an intelligent … 1In the 2008 Loebner Prize competition, only three out of twelve judges mistook the winning chat-bot for a human …

Wizard of Oz experimentation for language technology applications: Challenges and tools
S Schlögl, G Doherty, S Luz – Interacting with Computers, 2015 – academic.oup.com
Abstract. Wizard of Oz (WOZ) is a well-established method for simulating the functionality and user experience of future systems. Using a human wizard to mimic.

KasaDaka: a sustainable voice-service platform
A Baart – 2017 – w4ra.org
… This choice is made because the goal is that the resulting system is to be integrated into the existing KasaDaka platform,which is mostly based on existing open- source software and standards, in which VoiceXML plays a 7https://www.w3.org/TR/voicexml20/ Page 4. large role …

Spoken language understanding
M McTear, Z Callejas, D Griol – The Conversational Interface, 2016 – Springer
… 7, pattern matching is used in chatbot applications in which the user’s input is matched at the surface level against a … Handcrafted semantic grammars have been used widely in commercial VoiceXML-based applications to output a semantic interpretation directly from the ASR …

Speech and language technology for language disorders
K Beals, D Dahl, R Fink, M Linebarger – 2015 – degruyter.com
Page 1. Katharine Beals, Deborah Dahl, Ruth Fink and Marcia Linebarger Speech and Language Technology for Language Disorders Page 2. Speech Technology and Text Mining in Medicine and Health Care Series Editor Amy Neustein Published in the Series …

Socially situated affective systems
S Payr, P Wallis – Emotion-Oriented Systems, 2011 – Springer
… Tools for doing this include AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language), initially used to write dialogue instructions for the ALICE chatbot and subsequently used on a large number of Web-based ECAs. In a similar vein, VoiceXML is a way of specifying conceptual web pages …

Anjishnu Kumar Amazon. com anjikum@ amazon. com
S Tucker, B Hoffmeister, M Dreyer, S Peshterliev… – assets.amazon.science
… At the other end of the spectrum, standards such as VoiceXML have existed since the early 2000s … Zhang, Zhouhan Lin, Sandeep Subramanian, Taesup Kim, Michael Pieper, Sarath Chandar, Nan Rosemary Ke, et al., “A deep reinforcement learning chatbot,” arXiv preprint arXiv …

Modelling of natural dialogues in the context of speech-based information and control systems
M Berg – 2014 – macau.uni-kiel.de
… “While VoiceXML-based dialogue systems typically consist of a set of well- defined VXML documents that are processed by a VXML-interpreter, state-of- the-art systems consist of a number of components of which each one typically comes with its own knowledge base …

Situated Intelligent Interactive Systems
Z Yu – 2017 – lti.cs.cmu.edu
… well as in the Amazon Alexa Prize competition. I implemented a social chatbot system under the TickTock framework applying the SI framework. The system is also one of the six chatbots for the shared tasks in the RE-WOCHAT workshop at two international conferences: LREC …

A proposal for the development of adaptive spoken interfaces to access the Web
D Griol, JM Molina, Z Callejas – Neurocomputing, 2015 – Elsevier
… and effective way of supporting customers [28]. Besides spoken and written language have become popular with the incorporation of chatbots for web-based customer support [29]. The spread of information through social web …

Google, Inc.(search)
ACM Books – dl.acm.org
… virtual assistant ar- chitectures offered by major IT firms, chatbots, and machine … agreed on the limitations of end-to-end trained chatbot systems, they … speech synthesis markup language), SMIL (Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language), VoiceXML (speech recognition), etc …

Dialogue Management in Conversational Systems: A Review of Approaches, Challenges, and Opportunities
H Brabra, M Báez, B Benatallah… – … on Cognitive and …, 2021 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… The growing interest in using the frame-based approach, on the other hand, pushed the industry to create VoiceXML, which has become later one of the W3C voice- related specifications. VoiceXML has been widely adopted …

Survey on evaluation methods for dialogue systems
J Deriu, A Rodrigo, A Otegi, G Echegoyen… – Artificial Intelligence …, 2021 – Springer
In this paper, we survey the methods and concepts developed for the evaluation of dialogue systems. Evaluation, in and of itself, is a crucial part during.

Turn-taking in conversational systems and human-robot interaction: a review
G Skantze – Computer Speech & Language, 2020 – Elsevier

A values-based dialogue strategy to build motivation for conversation with autonomous conversational robots
T Uchida, T Minato, H Ishiguro – 2016 25th IEEE International …, 2016 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… Many chatbot systems like ELIZA [2] are able to handle a multi-turn dialogue driven by a huge dialogue database (eg, [3]). However … S. Ueno, T. Kawahara, and HG Okuno, “Flexible spoken dialogue system based on user models and dynamic generation of voicexml scripts,” in …

Institute of Communications Engineering Staff
M Bossert, R Fischer, W Minker, UC Fiebig… – it-Information …, 2021 – uni-ulm.de
… 307–318, 2021 Bibtex. M. Kraus, P. Seldschopf and W. Minker Towards the Development of a Trustworthy Chatbot for Mental Health Applications In Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Multimedia Modeling (MMM 2021), 2021 Link to Document Bibtex. 2020 …

“An AI doesn’t need a gender “(but it’s still assigned one): paradigm shift of the artificially created woman in film
J Escudero Perez – Feminist Media Studies, 2020 – Taylor & Francis
… 2017. “Skeuomorphism on Conversational UIs” Chatbots Magazine. Accessed 27 July 2017 … 2005. “Voice User Interface Design for a Telephone Application Using VoiceXML.” In Asia-Pacific Web Conference Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 1058–1061.

Survey on evaluation methods for dialogue
JM Deriu, A Rodrigo, A Otegi, E Guillermo, S Rosset… – 2019 – digitalcollection.zhaw.ch
… It has been widely used to design dialogue systems and many toolkits are available such as the one from the Center for Spoken Language Understanding [Cole, 1999] or VoiceXML.6 The main issue is the rigid dialogue structure as well as the tendency to be error-prone …

Towards a persuasive dialog system supporting personal health management
V Götzmann – National Research Center, 2015 – isl.anthropomatik.kit.edu
… ent platforms; Ranging from the usage of computers (both locally and over the Internet via VoiceXML) over phone … Another much researched domain are chatbots … When thinking of how a chatbot might produce interesting conversations, the idea to use external datasources to …

A Hybrid Structured-Neural Dialog System for Automated Counseling
S Olafsson – 2021 – repository.library.northeastern.edu
… This is the distinction between a system truly capable of maintaining a conversation and a speech-enabled search engine, such as a question answering chatbot. An early example of a system resembling the IVR example was GUS (General Understander System) …

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