EBNF (Extended Backus-Naur Form) & Dialog Systems


See also:

Grammar Transformers | GSL (Grammar Specification Language) | N-gram Grammars | Sentence Recognizer

[PDF] InproTK in action: Open-source software for building german-speaking incremental spoken dialogue systems T Baumann, O Buß, D Schlangen – Proceedings of ESSV, 2010 – ling.uni-potsdam.de … Our speech recognition module covers all the different data orderings, enabling recognition against statistical language models and EBNF … This greatly facilitates the systematic debugging of later modules in the dialogue system. 4.2 Natural Language Understanding … Cited by 4 Related articles All 2 versions Cite More

A domain specific language for describing diverse systems of dialogue S Wells, CA Reed – Journal of Applied Logic, 2012 – Elsevier … 3.1. A4A Dialogue Game Description Language. DGDL is underpinned by an Extended Backus-Nauf Form (EBNF) [57] grammar, presented in Fig. … Full-size image (41 K) Full-size image (41 K) Fig. 3. EBNF Grammar for the A4A DGDL. … Cited by 3 Related articles Cite

[PDF] from dfki.de [PDF] Spoken language processing in a conversational system for child-robot interaction I Kruijff-Korbayová, H Cuayáhuitl, B Kiefer… – Workshop on Child- …, 2012 – dfki.de … While most work in spoken dialogue system de- velopment is based on pipeline architectures, there are notable exceptions such as [5 … a grammar by hand, but HTK provides tools that allow a more convenient representation based on the extended Backus-Naur Form (EBNF) [17 … Cited by 2 Related articles Cite More

[PDF] from upenn.edu Dialogue system localization with the GF resource grammar library N Perera, A Ranta – Proceedings of the Workshop on Grammar-Based …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … GF was previously used for dialogue system lo- calization in the TALK project, where seven lan- guages were covered (Johansson, 2006, Ljunglöf et al … of the framework quickly, compared to the concept of a context free grammar format in BNF or EBNF form which is easier to … Cited by 18 Related articles All 31 versions Cite

[PDF] from um.edu.my Rail ticketing dialogue using HMM-based speech recognition FL Tan – 2010 – dspace.fsktm.um.edu.my … 21 2.5 Dialogue System ….. 21 2.6 Summary ….. 22 … DTW – Dynamic Time Warping EBNF – Extended Backus Naur Form EER – equal error rate EER FFT – Fast Fourier Transform … Cite [PDF] from pitt.edu [PDF] Bootstrapping language models for dialogue systems K Weilhammer, MN Stuttle, S Young – Proceedings of INTERSPEECH, 2006 – cs.pitt.edu … Many dialogue systems use recognition grammars instead of statistical language models (SLMs) [1]. We will compare this standard … Generation and recognition grammar A simple HTK grammar was written consisting of around 80 rules in extended Backus-Naur Form (EBNF). … Cited by 24 Related articles All 9 versions Cite

[PDF] from upenn.edu [PDF] Speech recognition grammar compilation in Grammatical Framework B Bringert – Proceedings of the Workshop on Grammar-Based …, 2007 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … We conclude by giving references to a number of experimental dialogue systems which already use our grammar compiler for generating speech … EBNF compaction The resulting context-free grammar is compacted into an Extended Backus- Naur Form (EBNF) representation. … Cited by 15 Related articles All 34 versions Cite More

METHOD AND DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM FOR THE CONTROLLED QUERY OF STRUCTURED SAVED INFORMATION F Runge, F Burkhardt, J Liu, C Mueller – US Patent App. 12/014,886, 2008 – Google Patents … [0058] Since, in the illustrated exemplary embodiment, the dialog system may be designed … [0060] Input grammar 320, which represents an input or speech model, may be designed, for example, as an EBNF grammar in text form and/or as a statistically based n-gram grammar. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 2 versions Cite

[PDF] from csir.co.za Segmentation and accuracy-based scores for the automatic assessment of oral proficiency for proficient L2 speakers F De Wet, P Muller, C Van der Walt, T Niesler – 2010 – researchspace.csir.co.za … In addition to the instructions given by the dialogue system. a printed copy of the test instructions was provided. … These prompt-speci?c grammars were de?ned using extended Backus-Naur form (EBNF) notation and were parsed to lattice ?les that were used during recognition. … Related articles All 8 versions Cite

[PDF] from ualberta.ca Dialogue patterns—A visual language for dynamic dialogue J Siegel, D Szafron – Journal of Visual Languages & Computing, 2009 – Elsevier … However, the similarities end there. The Information State approach is targeted towards researchers and implementers of dialogue systems who use a library such as TrindiKit to implement their dialogue theories. … Fig. 7. An EBNF grammar for a dialogue pattern. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 9 versions Cite

[PDF] from aminer.org Teaching sequences to a social robot by voice interaction JF Gorostiza, MA Salichs – … , 2009. RO-MAN 2009. The 18th …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … B. Dialogue Management In Dialogue System Management theory it’s defined the so called interaction style depending on who of the two actors is going to have the initiative. … It can dynamically load and unload grammars in EBNF or SRGS format. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions Cite

[PDF] from chalmers.se PGF: A Portable Run-Time Format for Type-Theoretical Grammars K Angelov, B Bringert, A Ranta – Journal of Logic, Language and …, 2010 – Springer Page 1. J Log Lang Inf (2010) 19:201–228 DOI 10.1007/s10849-009-9112-y PGF: A Portable Run-time Format for Type-theoretical Grammars Krasimir Angelov · Björn Bringert · Aarne Ranta Published online: 15 December 2009 © Springer Science+Business Media BV 2009 … Cited by 17 Related articles All 9 versions Cite

[PDF] from aclweb.org [PDF] Gesture Theory is Linguistics: On Modelling Multimodality as Prosody D Gibbon – 2009 – newdesign.aclweb.org … For this reason, a context–free grammar in EBNF notation was defined (and is in fact used in a verification parser for annotation input): … 2000. Handbook of Multimodal and Spoken Dialogue Systems. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Gibbon, Dafydd. 2005. … Related articles All 8 versions Cite More

[PDF] from psu.edu Visinav: Visual web data search and navigation A Harth – Database and Expert Systems Applications, 2009 – Springer … A promising approach is to use a menu-based dialogue system in which users incrementally construct the … The Extended Backus-Naur Form grammar in Figure 2 describes how the individual operations can be combined (via interactions … Fig. 2. EBNF grammar describing queries … Cited by 13 Related articles All 9 versions Cite

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Pronominal anaphora generation in human-computer dialogue, using a semantic-pragmatic approach V Popescu – EUROLAN 2007 Summer School Alexandru Ioan Cuza …, 2007 – Citeseer … in order to obtain a natural language generation module, integrated to a spo- ken human-computer dialogue system (Caelen and … The grammar rules are specified using standard EBNF (“Extended Bakhus-Naur Form”) notation, with the following particularities: -non-terminals … Cited by 6 Related articles All 5 versions Cite More

[PDF] from gatech.edu [PDF] Attribute grammars for validating chunk-based binary file formats W Underwood, S Laib – 2011 – perpos.gtri.gatech.edu … EBNF (Extended Backus-Naur Form) is a notation for expressing context-free grammars in a compact, human readable … It is a goal of this research to extend the EBNF notation and … Natural language understanding components of dialog systems face a similar need to produce a … Cited by 1 Related articles Cite More

[PDF] from chalmers.se [BOOK] GF Runtime System K Angelov – 2009 – cse.chalmers.se Page 1. THESIS FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE OF ENGINEERING GF Runtime System Krasimir Angelov Department of Computer Science and Engineering Chalmers University of Technology and Göteborg University SE-412 96 Göteborg Sweden Göteborg, 2009 Page 2 … Related articles All 6 versions Cite More

[PDF] from qut.edu.au The Australian English speech corpus for in-car speech processing T Kleinschmidt, M Mason, E Wong… – Acoustics, Speech and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … A command-and-control extended Backus-Nauer form (EBNF) style grammar (shown in Table 1) was formulated to generate a large num- ber of consistent … The effect of each of these factors are the focus of future research into adaptation for in-car speech dialogue systems. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 9 versions Cite

[PDF] from uni-ulm.de [PDF] Ulmer Informatik-Berichte M Dausend – 2011 – uni-ulm.de … This redefinition means that the resulting behavior significantly depends on the dialog system processing the model. Goronzy et al. … We decided to use Extended Backus–Naur Form (EBNF) and therefore define the property ebnfGrammar of GrammarData. … Related articles All 2 versions Cite More

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Lingvo/laser: Prototyping concept of dialogue information system with spreading knowledge K Ekštein, T Pavelka – NLUCS’04, 2004 – Citeseer … 7. Language Modelling Knowledge Base: Contains language models, ie grammar in eg extended Backus-Naur form (EBNF), numeral parameter sets of N … 4.2 LINGVO—Dialogue System 1. Domain Analysis: At this point, a decision about what domain does the utterance belong … Cited by 6 Related articles All 2 versions Cite More

[PDF] from ed.ac.uk Automatic Speech Recognition for ageing voices R Vipperla – 2011 – lac-repo-live7.is.ed.ac.uk … Springer, 2009. (Chapter 4) • Maria Wolters, Ravichander Vipperla, and Steve Renals. Age Recognition for Spoken Dialogue Systems: Do We Need It? In Proceedings of Interspeech, Brighton, 2009. (Chapter 7) • Ravichander Vipperla, Steve Renals, and Joe Frankel. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 9 versions Cite

[PDF] from tcd.ie [PDF] The GF Grammar Compiler A Ranta – ESSLLI 2007, 2007 – cs.tcd.ie … those grammar formalisms that are actually used by linguists typically provide mechanisms such as the following: –Reducible language extensions For example, EBNF extends BNF … This is an example of how GF was used in the TALK project for building dialogue systems [14]. … Related articles All 12 versions Cite More

A speech platform for a bilingual city information system T Brey, T Pavelka – Text, Speech and Dialogue, 2004 – Springer … This paper describes the SpexKit framework for the development of spoken dialogue systems, which is currently used to implement prototypes of a bilingual city … All possible word transitions are defined in the form of an EBNF (Extended Backus-Naur Form) context free grammar. … Cited by 1 Related articles BL Direct All 2 versions Cite

[PDF] from gu.se [BOOK] Programming Language Techniques for Natural Language Applications B Bringert – 2008 – gupea.ub.gu.se … Paper II: Multimodal Dialogue System Grammars 49 … Systems which are not multimodal are called unimodal. Interactive speech applications have long been a staple of science fiction. Figures 1 and 2 illustrate two such applications: a speech translator, and a dialogue system. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 16 versions Cite More

[PDF] from chalmers.se [PDF] Embedded grammars B Bringert – Master’s, 2005 – cse.chalmers.se … System Source Code 64 Page 7. Abbreviations ABNF Augmented BNF ATK Application Toolkit for HTK BNF Backus-Naur Form CCG Combinatory Categorial Grammar CFG Context-free grammar CFGM Multilingual Context-Free Grammar EBNF Extended Backus-Naur Form … Cited by 10 Related articles All 10 versions Cite More

[PDF] from eurice.info [PDF] D1. 3: SLM generation in the Grammatical Framework K Weilhammer, R Jonson, A Ranta, M Stuttle, S Young – 2006 – eurice.info … Page 7. Chapter 1 Introduction Ideally when building spoken dialogue systems we would like to use a corpus of transcribed dialogues, corresponding to the specific task of the dialogue system, in order to build a statistical language model (SLM). … Related articles All 6 versions Cite

[PDF] from chalmers.se [PDF] Compiling Grammar-based Speech Application Components B Bringert – 2007 – cse.chalmers.se … 10 4.3 Publication . . . . . 12 5 Paper II: Multimodal Dialogue System Grammars . . . . . 12 5.1 An Example . . . . . … 36 Paper II: Multimodal Dialogue System Grammars 43 1 Introduction . . . . . … Cited by 1 Related articles All 11 versions Cite More

[PDF] from nagoya-u.ac.jp AURORA-2J: An evaluation framework for Japanese noisy speech recognition S Nakamura, K Takeda, K Yamamoto… – IEICE transactions on …, 2005 – search.ieice.org … Fig. 2 Grammar written in EBNF. 3. Evaluation Schemes … 2004. His current research interests include speech recognition, speech translation, spoken dialogue systems, stochastic modeling of speech, and microphone arrays. … Cited by 57 Related articles BL Direct All 16 versions Cite

[PDF] from ovgu.de [PDF] Hierarchical Semantic Tagger for Robust Spoken Language Understanding M Hannemann, MSKT Mengistu – 2009 – iesk.ovgu.de … Context-free grammars, page 40 DM ….. dialog manager, page 93 EBNF ….. Extended Backus Naur Form, page 72 EM . . . . . … probabilistic CFG, page 43 R ….. Recall, page 69 SDS ….. spoken dialog systems, page 5 SLU ….. … Related articles All 4 versions Cite More

[PDF] from nagoya-u.ac.jp CENSREC-3: An evaluation framework for Japanese speech recognition in real car-driving environments M Fujimoto, K Takeda, S Nakamura – IEICE transactions on …, 2006 – search.ieice.org Page 1. IEICE TRANS. INF. & SYST., VOL.E89–D, NO.11 NOVEMBER 2006 2783 PAPER CENSREC-3: An Evaluation Framework for Japanese Speech Recognition in Real Car-Driving Environments Masakiyo FUJIMOTO †*a … Cited by 16 Related articles BL Direct All 11 versions Cite

[PDF] from sun.ac.za Automatic oral proficiency assessment of second language speakers of South African English PFV Muller – 2010 – ir1.sun.ac.za … AST African Speech Technology CALL Computer Assisted Language Learning CorHResults HResults Correct CorW eighted Weighted Correct EBNF Extended Backus-Naur Form FSG Finite State Grammar GOP Goodness of Pronunciation HMM Hidden Markov Model … Related articles All 4 versions Cite

[PDF] from psu.edu Limited-vocabulary Estonian continuous speech recognition systems using hidden Markov models T Alumäe, L Võhandu – Informatica, 2004 – IOS Press … 4.4. Language Models For number recognition, a grammar in Backus–Naur Form (EBNF) was specified. … Dialogue systems, such as a 2000-word conversational Air Travel Information System, have perplexities typically less than 20 (Huang, 2001). … Cited by 2 Related articles All 8 versions Cite

[PDF] from shef.ac.uk [PDF] D4. 1: Integration of Learning and Adaptivity with the ISU approach O Lemon, K Georgila, J Henderson, M Gabsdil… – 2005 – nlp.shef.ac.uk … 7 2 Classifier Machine Learning methods for ISU dialogue systems 9 2.1 Memory-based learning . … ISU dialogue systems This chapter explains how we have explored the use of several different machine learning techniques with Information State Update dialogue management. … Cited by 15 Related articles All 4 versions Cite

[PDF] from hbz-nrw.de Generic task planning using semantic annotations in maps C Navarro Luzón – 2007 – kola.opus.hbz-nrw.de Page 1. Fachbereich 4: Informatik Generic task planning using semantic annotations in maps Masterarbeit zur Erlangung des Grades MASTER OF SCIENCE im Studiengang Computervisualistik vorgelegt von Carmen Navarro Luzón Betreuer: Dipl.-Inform. … Related articles Cite

[PDF] from uib.no [PDF] Vox et praeterea nihil K Tverra – 2004 – ub.uib.no … formats, and which need to be operated by specialists. There are two main types of spoken language dialog systems; transaction based and information provision systems. Transaction based systems let the user conduct some … Related articles All 6 versions Cite More

[PDF] from tum.de [PDF] Efficient Integration of Hierarchical Knowledge Sources and the Estimation of Semantic Confidences for Automatic Speech Interpretation R Lieb – 2006 – mmk.ei.tum.de … Page 2. Page 3. Abstract This thesis presents a system for the interpretation of natural speech which serves as input module for a spoken dialog system. It carries out the task of extracting application-specific pieces of information … Related articles All 6 versions Cite More

[PDF] from tudelft.nl [PDF] Building a visual speech recognizer KF Driel – Delft University of Technology, 2009 – repository.tudelft.nl … In continuous speech recognition the task of identifying meaningful chunks is left up to the recognizer. This imposes a need to detect the onset and offset of speech. Sentence level recognition is the minimum requirement for simple dialogue systems. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions Cite More

[PDF] from aclweb.org [BOOK] Computational semantics with functional programming J Van Eijck, C Unger – 2010 – books.google.com Page 1. Semantics with Functional Programming Page 2. COMPUTATIONAL SEMANTICS WITH FUNCTIONAL PROGRAMMING Computational semantics is the art and science of computing meaning in natural language. The … Cited by 14 Related articles All 17 versions Cite More

[PDF] from aau.edu.et Application of amharic speech recognition system to command and control computer: An experiment with microsoft word MY Tachbelie – 2003 – etd.aau.edu.et Page 1. ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES FACULTY OF INFORMATICS DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION SCIENCE APPLICATION OF AMHARIC SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM TO COMMAND AND CONTROL COMPUTER: … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions Cite

Terms of XML Technologies and the Semantic Web V Geroimenko – Dictionary of XML Technologies and the Semantic Web, 2004 – Springer Page 1. Terms of XML Technologies and the Semantic Web V. Geroimenko, Dictionary of XML Technologies and the Semantic Web © Springer-Verlag London Limited 2004 Page 2. Abbreviated syntax In XPATH, shortened SYNTAX for a lOCATION STEP. … Cite [PDF] from docis.info [PDF] Generative Programming of Graphical User Interfaces M Schlee – Diplom thesis, University of Applied Sciences …, 2002 – docis.info … The dialog system must be adjusted to the information range required by the user [Hen99]. – The dialog system must offer the feedback about the dialog status to the user. Page 9. 7 – The dialog system must have no components that the user considers unnecessary [Hen99]. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 4 versions Cite

[PDF] from uni-erlangen.de Hybride, pragmatisch eingebettete Realisierung mittels Bottom-Up-Generierung in einem natürlichsprachlichen Dialogsystem M Klarner – Doktorarbeit, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 2005 – opus.ub.uni-erlangen.de … HYPERBUG developed in the context of this thesis is de- scribed in terms of its architecture, implementation, and application in three different domains of the embedding dialog system, namely home A/V … EBNF Extended BACKUS-NAUR Form, erweiterte BACKUS-NAUR-Form … Cited by 6 Related articles All 4 versions Cite More

[PDF] from autoidlabs.org [PDF] Survey of Languages, Specifications and Standards for Database and Network Communication DL Brock – Auto-ID Center, 2002 – autoidlabs.org Page 1. Published November 1, 2002. Distribution restricted to Sponsors until February 1, 2003. auto-id center mASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, 77 mASSACHUSETTS AvENUE, bLDG 3-449, CAmbRIDGE, mA 02139-4307, USA abstract … Cited by 3 Related articles All 12 versions Cite More

[PDF] from tu-darmstadt.de Kontextabhängige Zugriffskontrolle für Anwendungen im Ubiquitous Computing ML Moschgath – 2003 – tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de Page 1. Kontextabhängige Zugriffskontrolle für Anwendungen im Ubiquitous Computing vom Fachbereich Informatik der Technischen Universität Darmstadt genehmigte Dissertation zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades einer Doktor-Ingenieurin (Dr.-Ing.) von … Cited by 8 Related articles All 4 versions Cite More