JAPE (Java Annotation Patterns Engine) & Dialog Systems


Notes:

JAPE is a finite state transducer that operates over annotations based on regular expressions. 

word lattice is a directed acyclic graph with a single start point and edges labeled with a word and weight.

  • Java Annotation Pattern Engine

Resources:

  • dataincubator.org .. pattern catalogue for modelling, publishing, and consuming linked data
  • uima ruta .. an analysis engine, which interprets and executes the rule-based scripting language

Wikipedia:

References:

See also:

GATE (General Architecture for Text Engineering) & Dialog Systems


An approach to enhance chatbot semantic power and maintainability: experiences within the FRASI project
A Augello, G Pilato, A Machi… – 2012 IEEE Sixth …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… linguistic features [1]. They differ mainly for the knowledge sources, the broadness of domain expertise, the kind of information to get, and the kind of results to give [2]. On the other hand Natural Language Dialog Systems (NLDs) are an … http://gate.ac.uk/userguide/chap:jape …

In-the-wild chatbot corpus: from opinion analysis to interaction problem detection
I Maslowski, D Lagarde, C Clavel – International conference on …, 2017 – researchgate.net
… dialog systems are still less numerous, even though the use of chatbot systems by companies … They rely on the GATE JAPE (Java Annotation Pat- terns Engine) that provides finite … Automatically training a problematic dialogue pre- dictor for a spoken dialogue system,” Journal of …

A chatbot for the banking domain
P Schmidtová – 2019 – dspace.cuni.cz
… The first chatbot, Eliza (Weizenbaum, 1966) was a conversation-oriented dialog system designed to behave like a Rogerian psy- chologist … They were used in their standard form, as well as in a GATE-enhanced form called JAPE …

State-of-the-Art approaches for German language chat-bot development
N Boisgard – 2018 – repositum.tuwien.at
… Dale, 2016, Al-Zubaide and Issa, 2011] Human-computer dialog systems [Hirzel et … chat systems for entertainment purposes (“chatting system”, “talkbot”, “chat-oriented dialogue system”) … system itself (“artificial conversation system”, “human-computer dialog system”) or indicate …

KvGR: A Graph-Based Interface for Explorative Sequential Question Answering on Heterogeneous Information Sources
HF Witschel, K Riesen, L Grether – European Conference on Information …, 2020 – Springer
… Possibly fuelled by the rise of chatbot technology and the resulting expectations of users, it claims that a more interactive approach to both fields will better meet user needs … The grammar consists of JAPE rules in GATE 6 , which annotate occurrences of graph nodes in …

Intelligent conversation system using multiple classification ripple down rules and conversational context
D Herbert, BH Kang – Expert Systems with Applications, 2018 – Elsevier
… NLIDB) paradigms in restricted domains as a type of spoken dialog system (SDS) or … The developed system incorporates a speech-enabled chatbot interface via Automatic Speech … with NL querying interfaces to databases (and not as spoken dialog systems or conversational …

Comparison of Named Entity Recognition Tools Applied to News Articles
S Vychegzhanin, E Kotelnikov – 2019 Ivannikov Ispras Open …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… GATE Java LGPL Finite state machines and rules in the Jape language … language texts was conducted: Stanford NER, spaCy, NLTK, Polyglot, Flair, GATE, DeepPavlov … M. Vikhreva, M. Zaynutdinov, “DeepPavlov: Open-Source Library for Dialogue Systems”, in Proceedings of the …

Tools and Methodology for Converting Natural Language into RDF Representations
O Loia, E Kamateri, PD Vasileiadis – academia.edu
… the car.” 3.4 SlugNERDS The Slugbot’s Named Entity Recognition for dialogue Systems (SlugNERDS) tool … of a number of linguistic pre- processing components (based on GATE) followed by … and matches them with the text, based on root forms and JAPE transducers annotates …

A prototype for a conversational companion for reminiscing about images
Y Wilks, R Catizone, S Worgan, A Dingli… – Computer Speech & …, 2011 – Elsevier
… for these, in particular a novel approach to enabling reinforcement learning for open dialogue systems through the … the gazetteers mentioned earlier and the hundreds of extraction rules already present in GATE, about 20 new extraction rules using the JAPE rule language …

Automatic creation of semantic data about football transfer in sport news
QM Nguyen, TD Cao, TT Nguyen – Proceedings of the 16th International …, 2014 – dl.acm.org
… Smartweb System [4] is a multi-dialog system arising answers from the semantic web services … JAPE is a component of GATE, dedicated to identify defined entities by the rules, it is the language used to write the regular expressions (RE) via annotations …

A companionable agent
R Catizone, Y Wilks – Conversational Agents and Natural Language …, 2011 – igi-global.com
… hundreds of extraction rules already present in GATE, new extraction rules using the JAPE rule language … Workshop on Dialogue Systems: interaction, adaptation and styles of management, European Chapter of the Association for Compu … Annie:http://gate.ac.uk/sale/tao/splitch6 …

A novel approach for automatic extraction of semantic data about football transfer in sport news
M Steinbauer, M Indrawan-Santiago… – International Journal of …, 2015 – emerald.com
… Smartweb System (Buitelaar et al., 2006) is a multi-dialog system arising answers from the Semantic Web services … JAPE is a component of GATE, dedicated to identify defined entities by the rules, it is the language used to write the regular expressions via annotations …

Practical Natural Language Processing: A Comprehensive Guide to Building Real-World NLP Systems
S Vajjala, B Majumder, A Gupta, H Surana – 2020 – books.google.com
… A Simple FAQ Bot A Taxonomy of Chatbots Goal-Oriented Dialog Chitchats A Pipeline for Building Dialog Systems Dialog Systems in Detail PizzaStop Chatbot Deep Dive into Components of a Dialog System Dialog Act Classification Identifying Slots Response Generation …

Supporting domain experts to construct conceptual ontologies: A holistic approach
R Denaux, C Dolbear, G Hart, V Dimitrova… – Journal of Web …, 2011 – Elsevier
JavaScript is disabled on your browser. Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. Skip to main content Skip to article …

PAROT: Translating natural language to SPARQL
P Ochieng – Expert Systems with Applications: X, 2020 – Elsevier
… In our bid to develop an ontology based chatbot, we envision developing a tool that would allow users to use their natural language (NL) and have a near … The component also employs JAPE grammars which expand annotations embedded by the GATE by identifying …

Appellate Court Modifications Extraction for Portuguese
WPD Fernandes, LJS Silva, IZ Frajhof… – Artificial Intelligence and …, 2019 – Springer
… annotating legal documents using XML tags. Their approach uses NLP through some GATE (General Architecture for Text Engineering)4 modules and JAPE (Java Annota- tion Patterns Engine)5 rules. Their idea is to provide …

Opinion Analysis in Interactions: From Data Mining to Human-Agent Interaction
C Clavel – 2019 – books.google.com
… 8 1.3.2. The WoZ H–A negotiation corpus . . . . . 9 1.3.3. The UE-HRI human–robot corpus . . . . . 10 1.4. Written H–A corpus: chatbot . . . . . 15 1.5. Comparative study of different corpora …

Semantic web search using natural language
I Habernal – 2012 – core.ac.uk
… SLU is a part of Spoken Human-Computer Dialogue system and its role is to robustly interpret the meanings of users’ utterances … It also comes with a framework for context-free grammars called JAPE grammars that are used in AquaLog and PowerAqua … 5http://gate.ac.uk …

Towards efficient sport data integration through semantic annotation
QM Nguyen, TD Cao, HC Nguyen… – … on Knowledge and …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… The SmartWeb [7] system is a multimodal dialog system deriving answers from semantic web services … based on ANNIE, which is the default Information Extraction system associated with GATE [1 … This study defines a set of rules in JAPE grammar for matching each relation in the …

Vyhledávání v Sémantickém webu použitím p?irozeného jazyka
I Habernal – 2012 – dspace5.zcu.cz
… SLU is a part of Spoken Human-Computer Dialogue system and its role is to robustly interpret the meanings of users’ utterances … It also comes with a framework for context-free grammars called JAPE grammars that are used in AquaLog and PowerAqua … 5http://gate.ac.uk …

Operational Risk Management: a practical approach to intelligent data analysis
RS Kenett, Y Raanan – 2011 – books.google.com
… This edition first published 2011 © 2011 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Registered of?ce John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, United Kingdom For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about …

Data Mining and Query Answer techniques applied to a bio-nutritional trials focused Expert System
D Ria?o – … Research and Development: Proceedings of the …, 2012 – books.google.com
… developed) To automatically extract information HENUFOOD uses the open source software suite GATE [21] … syntactic function,(3) POS tagger (ad category to token annotations features),(4) JAPE transducer (date … For this, a dialog system has been built, in which a user is …

Intuitive ontology authoring using controlled natural language
R Denaux – 2013 – etheses.whiterose.ac.uk
… 156 10 Page 11. CONTENTS 5.2.4 Functional View: General Dialogue Pipeline . . . . . 157 5.2.5 Implementation of Dialogue Systems . . . . . 158 … 156 5.3 Main functional and informational components of a dialogue system.159 …

CNLs for the semantic web: a state of the art
H Safwat, B Davis – Language Resources and Evaluation, 2017 – Springer
… et al. 2007), but much more powerful with respect to grammar expressiveness and ontology authoring capabilities. Like CLOnE, Rabbit is implemented using the GATE framework (Cunningham 2002). Rabbit was developed …

Tense, aspect and mood based event extraction for situation analysis and crisis management
A Hürriyeto?lu – arXiv preprint arXiv:2008.01555, 2020 – arxiv.org
… As a whole, this system is used in various natural language applications (question answering, dialog systems, database interface systems, etc.). The TimeML specification language mainly deals with event and temporal expressions in natural language texts …

Automatic text simplification
H Saggion – Synthesis Lectures on Human Language …, 2017 – morganclaypool.com
… Semantic Role Labeling Martha Palmer, Daniel Gildea, and Nianwen Xue 2010 Spoken Dialogue Systems Kristiina Jokinen and Michael McTear 2009 Introduction to Chinese Natural Language Processing Kam-Fai Wong, Wenjie Li, Ruifeng Xu, and Zheng-sheng Zhang 2009 …

An introduction to question answering over linked data
C Unger, A Freitas, P Cimiano – Reasoning Web International Summer …, 2014 – Springer
… The first step consists in a linguistic analysis of the question using GATE13, in order to detect the question type and to translate the natural language question into a triple-based representation, into so-called query triples … 13 https://gate.ac.uk …

Knowledge extraction from simplified natural language text
HS Abdelaal – 2019 – aran.library.nuigalway.ie
Page 1. Doctoral Thesis Knowledge Extraction from Simplified Natural Language Text Hazem Safwat Abdelaal October 6, 2019 External Examiner Prof. Laurette Pretorius Supervisors Dr. Brian Davis Dr. Manel Zarrouk Internal Examiner Dr. Colm O’Riordan …

A survey on knowledge graphs: Representation, acquisition and applications
S Ji, S Pan, E Cambria, P Marttinen, PS Yu – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2020 – arxiv.org
… Temporal Knowledge Graph Knowledge Acquisition Scoring Function Encoding Models Representation Space Question Answering Dialogue Systems Natural Language Understanding Relation Extraction Entity Discovery Knowledge Graph Completion …

Automated quality assurance of non-functional requirements for testability
A Rashwan – 2015 – spectrum.library.concordia.ca
… EM Expectation-Maximization FR Functional Requirement GATE General Architecture for Text Engineering GUI Graphical User Interface IR Information Retrieval JAPE Java Annotation Patterns Engine KNN K-Nearest Neighbor LR Language Resource ML Machine Learning …

WOP 2014
SW Patterns – 2014 – Citeseer
Page 1. WOP 2014 5th Workshop on Ontology and Semantic Web Patterns Co-located with ISWC2014 Riva del Garda, Italy – October 19th 2014 Edited By: Victor de Boer, VU University Amsterdam, NL Aldo Gangemi, Université …

Is question answering fit for the semantic web?: a survey
V Lopez, V Uren, M Sabou, E Motta – Semantic web, 2011 – content.iospress.com
… processing factual questions (factoids), systems enabling reason- ing mechanisms, systems that fuse answers from dif- ferent sources, interactive (dialog) systems and sys … In a first step, the Linguistic Component uses the GATE infra- structure and resources [20] to obtain a set of …

Conceptual Dependency Scripts for Business Intelligence
V Damjanovic – understander.salzburgresearch.at
… mechanisms, systems that fuse answers from different sources, interactive (dialog) systems, analogical reasoning … Lopez et al., 2007): ontology independent; it uses the GATE infrastructure and … a set of linguistic annotations which are further extended by JAPE grammars to …

Automatic generation of factual questions from video documentaries
Y Skalban – 2013 – wlv.openrepository.com
… DT Determiner GATE General Architecture for Text Engineering GUI Graphical User Interface … IR Information Retrieval JAPE Java Annotations Pattern Engine … Question Generation is an important component in dialogue systems, virtual environments, and learning …

Combining Natural Language Processing and Statistical Text Mining: A Study of Specialized Versus Common Languages
J Jarman – 2011 – scholarcommons.usf.edu
… 118 B.4 GATE … 125 Appendix D General Architecture for Text Engineering (GATE) . . . . 131 D.1 GraphicalUserInterface …

Ontology-based semantic interpretation framework for legal analysis of construction claims
J Niu – 2014 – search.proquest.com
… 143 D SCHEMA FOR DSC TYPE I IMPACT FACTOR BREAKDOWN ….. 163 E CODES FOR JAPE RULES ….. 165 LIST OF REFERENCES ….. 176 …

Formal Models from Controlled Natural Language via Cognitive Grammar and Configuration
MR Selway – 2016 – kse.cis.unisa.edu.au
… EMOF Essential MOF ER Entity-Relationship ETL Epsilon Transformation Language GATE General Architecture for Text Engineering [CMBT02] IE Information Extraction LoA Level of Abstraction (wrt. the levels of the Model-Driven Architecture) MDA Model-Driven Architecture …

AI: Its nature and future
MA Boden – 2016 – books.google.com
… Neurons were believed by Sherrington to be not only strictly on/ off, but also to have fixed thresholds. So logic gates (computing and, or, and not) were defined as tiny neural nets, which could be interconnected to represent highly complex propositions …

Orson Welles, Volume 2: Hello Americans
S Callow – 2011 – books.google.com
Page 1. ORSON WELLES HELLO AMERICANS ‘ ‘ SIMON CALLOWg Page 2. ORSON WELLES Simon Callow is an actor, direaor and writer. He has appeared on thC stage and in many films, including the hugely popular Four Weddings and a Funeral …

Linguistic Linked Open Data: 12th EUROLAN 2015 Summer School and RUMOUR 2015 Workshop, Sibiu, Romania, July 13-25, 2015, Revised Selected …
D Trandab??, D Gifu – 2016 – books.google.com
Page 1. Diana Trandab?? Daniela Gîfu (Eds.) Communications in Computer and Information Science 588 Linguistic Linked Open Data 12th EUROLAN 2015 Summer School and RUMOUR 2015 Workshop Sibiu, Romania, July 13–25, 2015 Revised Selected Papers 123 Page 2 …

Linguistic Linked Open Data
D Trandab??, D Gîfu – Springer
Page 1. 123 Diana Trandab?? Daniela Gîfu (Eds.) 12th EUROLAN 2015 Summer School and RUMOUR 2015 Workshop Sibiu, Romania, July 13–25, 2015 Revised Selected Papers Linguistic Linked Open Data Communications in Computer and Information Science 588 Page 2 …

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