## Perceptron & Chatbots 2019

Notes:

In machine learning, the perceptron is an algorithm for supervised learning of binary classifiers.

Wikipedia:

References:

Peculiarities of Human Machine Interaction for Synthesis of the Intelligent Dialogue Chatbot
I Sidenko, G Kondratenko, P Kushneryk… – 2019 10th IEEE …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… This paper [26] covers convolutional neural networ3s, recurrent neural networ3s, and multilayer perceptrons … III. COMPARISON OF NEURAL NETWORKS AND MODEL OF THE INTELLIGENT DIALOGUE CHATBOT Multilayer perceptron (MLP) is a typical example of …

Multi-Turn Response Selection in Retrieval-Based Chatbots with Iterated Attentive Convolution Matching Network
H Wang, Z Wu, J Chen – Proceedings of the 28th ACM International …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… Finally, the matching score is obtained via a single-layer perceptron with the hidden states … a new deep matching model for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots; (2) empirical … 2 RELATED WORK Building a chatbot that can interact with human beings has long …

Reranking of responses using transfer learning for a retrieval-based chatbot
IT Aksu, NF Chen, LF D’Haro, R Banchs – www-gth.die.upm.es
… The network in this re-ranker is a multilayer perceptron with one hidden … Workshop on Collecting and Generating Resources for Chatbots and Conversa- tional Agents-Development … Banchs, R. ”A web-based platform for collection of human- chatbot interactions.” Proceedings of …

2. Keynote Speech Variation in spoken pluricentric languages: insights from large corpora and challenges for speech technology
MA Decker – Book of Abstracts – pluricentriclanguages.org
… to-speech synthesis, automatic speech transcription and translation, information retrieval, dialog systems, chatbots … Vector Machine (SVM), Random Forest (RF), Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) and … Hussain, T. Habib and SU Rahman,“Spoken dialog system framework supporting …

Interactive matching network for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots
JC Gu, ZH Ling, Q Liu – Proceedings of the 28th ACM International …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… new model, named IMN, for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbot- s. (2 … then input the matching feature vector m into a multi- layer perceptron (MLP) classifier … Matching Network: A New Architecture for Multi-turn Response Selection in Retrieval-Based Chatbots …

Multi-representation fusion network for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots
C Tao, W Wu, C Xu, W Hu, D Zhao, R Yan – Proceedings of the Twelfth …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… and the last hidden state of the GRU is fed to a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) to … 2 RELATED WORK Research of chatbots could date back to 1960s when ELIZA [36] was designed … data becomes avail- able on the Internet, researchers begin to study building a chatbot with data …

Question Understanding Based on Sentence Embedding on Dialog Systems for Banking Service
KJ Oh, HJ Choi, S Kwon, S Park – 2019 IEEE International …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… are trying to automate customer counseling service utilizing dialog system and chatbot in various … They used classification model based on fully connected multi layer perceptron model … sets are additional 200 real input sentences from a commercial chat bot service platform …

An Effective Domain Adaptive Post-Training Method for BERT in Response Selection
T Whang, D Lee, C Lee, K Yang, D Oh… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – researchgate.net
… We feed T[CLS] to single-layer perceptron to compute the model prediction score g(c, r) … In 7th Edition of the Dialog System Technology Challenges at AAAI 2019 … 2019. In- teractive matching network for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots …

An evaluation dataset for intent classification and out-of-scope prediction
S Larson, A Mahendran, JJ Peper, C Clarke… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – arxiv.org
… Out-of-scope queries are inevitable for a task- oriented dialog system, as most users will not be … MLP: A multi-layer perceptron with USE embed- dings (Cer et al., 2018) as input … 2 (Hen- derson et al., 2014a), and DSTC 3 (Henderson et al., 2014b) contain “chatbot style” queries …

AI Affective Conversational Robot with Hybrid Generative-Based and Retrieval-Based Dialogue Models
MY Day, CS Hung – … on Information Reuse and Integration for …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… Zhou et al. [9] added emotions to the dialogue system and classified emotions as … Step3. Model Building & Training ChatBot Mode Emotion Model Similarity Model Step4 … Figure 7. Confusion matrix of the accuracy of emotion classification model with multi-layer perceptron (MLP) …

Sentiment Analysis and Deep Learning Based Chatbot for User Feedback
S Sankar – Intelligent Communication Technologies and Virtual …, 2019 – Springer
… [12] built multi-turn conversation chatbots which considers … 3. Architecture of the MultiLayer Perceptron used as the chatbot model … Another important part of the future work is to build a speech recognizing chatbot which recognizes the user sentiment via the user’s vocal input …

Deep retrieval-based dialogue systems: A short review
BEA Boussaha, N Hernandez, C Jacquin… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – arxiv.org
… is transformed into a probability that the response is the next ut- terance of the given context using a multi-layer perceptron classifier … Alime chat: A sequence to sequence and rerank based chatbot engine … From eliza to xiaoice: challenges and opportunities with social chatbots …

Better automatic evaluation of open-domain dialogue systems with contextualized embeddings
S Ghazarian, JTZ Wei, A Galstyan, N Peng – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – arxiv.org
… Recent advances in open-domain dialogue sys- tems (ie chatbots) highlight the difficulties … contextualized word embeddings on training unreferenced models for open-domain dialog system eval- uation … 2.1.3 MLP Network Multilayer Perceptron Network (MLP) is the last section …

Promoting diversity for end-to-end conversation response generation
YP Ruan, ZH Ling, Q Liu, JC Gu, X Zhu – arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.09444, 2019 – arxiv.org
… 2013) and non- task oriented chatbots … The Dialog System Technology Challenges (DSTC) in its seventh edition offers a track (Track 2) (Galley et al … The Recognition Network is a multi-layer perceptron (MLP), which has a hidden layer with softplus activation and a linear output …

Sequential attention-based network for noetic end-to-end response selection
Q Chen, W Wang – arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.02609, 2019 – arxiv.org
… Abstract The noetic end-to-end response selection challenge as one track in Dialog System Technology Challenges 7 (DSTC7) aims to push the state of the art of utterance classification for real world goal-oriented dialog systems, for which par- ticipants … Multilayer Perceptron …

Automatic Ontology Population Using Deep Learning for Triple Extraction
MH Su, CH Wu, PC Shih – 2019 Asia-Pacific Signal and …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… Therefore, ontology is useful for a chatbot system [14]-[15]. However, constructing an ontology is very difficult and time- consuming … Fig. 3 Framework of a single layer perceptron with many perceptrons. Fig. 4 Framework of triple extraction model …

A sequential matching framework for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots
Y Wu, W Wu, C Xing, C Xu, Z Li, M Zhou – Computational Linguistics, 2019 – MIT Press
… The idea behind data-driven approaches is to build a chatbot with the large amount of conversation … Generation-based chatbots reply to a message with natural language generation techniques … (2015) compressed a context to a vector with a multi-layer perceptron in response …

Question Generation with Adaptive Copying Neural Networks
X Lu – 2019 – curve.carleton.ca
… 7 2.3 A model of the a feed forward network perceptron … 23 2.14 An example of dialog system [7]. . . . 24 2.15 The overall diagram of Copynet [7]. . . . 25 … For example, dialog systems in chatbots are currently drawing significant attention …

Sequential matching model for end-to-end multi-turn response selection
Q Chen, W Wang – ICASSP 2019-2019 IEEE International …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… suc- cess of deep learning models [1, 2], building an end-to-end dialogue system became feasible … Then the final vector are fed to the multi-layer perceptron (MLP) classifier … network: A new architecture for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots,” in Proceedings …

A multi-task hierarchical approach for intent detection and slot filling
M Firdaus, A Kumar, A Ekbal… – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2019 – Elsevier
… Also, by handling intent and slot together, we can build an end-to-end natural language understanding (NLU) module for any task-oriented chatbot … 2. Related work. SLU is an integral part of every dialogue system. Dialogue systems are mostly like knowledge-based systems …

Extending the Transformer with Context and Multi-dimensional Mechanism for Dialogue Response Generation
R Tan, J Sun, B Su, G Liu – … on Natural Language Processing and Chinese …, 2019 – Springer
… The other is non-task-oriented, also called chatbot which is mainly used to chat with people [7 … 10, the multilayer perceptron function of g is given by: \begin{aligned} g(s_{t-1}, h_j … Zhou, X., et al.: Multi-turn response selection for chatbots with deep attention matching network …

Multi-hop selector network for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots
C Yuan, W Zhou, M Li, S Lv, F Zhu, J Han… – Proceedings of the 2019 …, 2019 – aclweb.org
… Tan et al., 2015; Yan et al., 2016; Wan et al., 2016) of retrieval-based dialogue system … Early retrieval-based chatbots are devoted to response selection for single-turn conversa- tion (Wang et al … final state of GRU output hL as features and apply a single-layer perceptron to obtain …

End-to-End Question Answering Models for Goal-Oriented Dialog Learning
J Shin, A Madotto, M Seo, P Fung – 2019 – workshop.colips.org
… models for the goal-oriented dialog sys- tem task in Dialog System Technology Challenges … ELMo encoded response candidates pass through a Multi-layer Perceptron (MLP) for … contextualized word representations for multi-turn response selection in retrieval- based chatbots …

Unsupervised context rewriting for open domain conversation
K Zhou, K Zhang, Y Wu, S Liu, J Yu – arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.08282, 2019 – arxiv.org
… have witnessed remarkable progress in open domain conversation (non-task oriented dialogue system) (Ji et … A number of studies about generation-based chatbots have considered multi-turn response gen … plemented by two MLP (multi layer perceptron) classifiers, respectively …

Optimizing the Design and Cost for Crowdsourced Conversational Utterances
P Liu, J Xiao, T Liu, DF Glas – 2019 – dylanglas.com
… Workflow: A requester is interested in collecting 100 utterance variants for training a chatbot, and he … and model performance, we trained an intent classifier using a multi- layer perceptron (MLP), which … 2018. Data Collection for a Production Dialogue System : A Clinc Perspective …

Social Relation Extraction from Chatbot Conversations: A Shortest Dependency Path Approach
M Glas – SKILL 2019-Studierendenkonferenz Informatik, 2019 – dl.gi.de
… S-REX, a comparison method for extracting social relations from chatbot conversations … language conversations, used within chat messages between people, or humans and chatbots … they compared three methods: Support Vector Machine (SVM), Perceptron Algorithm Uneven …

Recent Advances and Challenges in Design of Non-goal-Oriented Dialogue Systems
A Mehndiratta, K Asawa – International Conference on Big Data Analytics, 2019 – Springer
… It learns a Probability Distribution Function (PDF), by employing Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), over a corpus of … Serban, IV, et al.: A deep reinforcement learning chatbot … Sequential matching network: a new architecture for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots …

Dialogue breakdown detection robust to variations in annotators and dialogue systems
J Takayama, E Nomoto, Y Arase – Computer Speech & Language, 2019 – Elsevier
… For the variationality, different chat-bots show different characteristics in their responses … DBDC data consists of dialogues collected from three systems: a chat-bot API provided by NTT … Then a three-layered perceptron receives the concatenated vector comprised of the outputs of …

Deep Hybrid Networks Based Response Selection for Multi-turn Dialogue Systems
X Li, L Zhang, W Rong, B Li, L Qi – ICASSP 2019-2019 IEEE …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… a real-value number md ? [0, 1] through a single layer perceptron, which indicates … matching framework for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chat- bots,” arXiv preprint … Toda, Mirna Adriani, and Satoshi Nakamura, “Develop- ing non-goal dialog system based on …

End-to-end knowledge-routed relational dialogue system for automatic diagnosis
L Xu, Q Zhou, K Gong, X Liang, J Tang, L Lin – Proceedings of the AAAI …, 2019 – aaai.org
… Beyond current conversational chatbots or task-oriented di- alogue systems that have attracted increasing … future reward, which suitably solves the problem of our diagnosis dialogue system for its … Beyond the DQN with simple Multi- Layer Perceptron(MLP), we propose a novel …

Improving multi-turn dialogue modelling with utterance ReWriter
H Su, X Shen, R Zhang, F Sun, P Hu, C Niu… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – arxiv.org
… The trained utterance rewriter can be eas- ily integrated into online chatbots and brings … Dialogue systems have made dramatic progress in recent years, especially in single-turn chit-chat and … Utterance 2 ChatBot: ?????????5??7??? ChatBot: Officially he is 5ft 7 …

Comparing the Performance of Feature Representations for the Categorization of the Easy-to-Read Variety vs Standard Language
M Santini, B Danielsson, A Jönsson – … of the 22nd Nordic Conference on …, 2019 – aclweb.org
… the retrieval of easy-to-read or patient-friendly medical information) and deep learning-based dialogue systems (eg customized chatbots for expert … three different learning meth- ods, namely an implementation of SVM, an imple- mentation of multilayer perceptron (MLP) and …

Dually interactive matching network for personalized response selection in retrieval-based chatbots
JC Gu, ZH Ling, X Zhu, Q Liu – arXiv preprint arXiv:1908.05859, 2019 – arxiv.org
Page 1. Dually Interactive Matching Network for Personalized Response Selection in Retrieval-Based Chatbots … Abstract This paper proposes a dually interactive matching network (DIM) for presenting the personalities of dialogue agents in retrieval- based chatbots …

A chatbot for automatic question answering in the information technology domain
JMV Antunes – 2019 – repositorio.ul.pt
… In general, a closed domain chatbot is expected to output higher quality responses than the ones output by an … these models as chatbots is also presented … In this chapter, models and mechanisms that are important to NLP, in general, and chat- bots, in particular, are introduced …

A Differentiable Generative Adversarial Network for Open Domain Dialogue
A López Zorrilla, M De Velasco Vázquez… – 2019 – addi.ehu.es
… experiment with training discriminators that could measure the quality of the utterances generated by chatbots … ot is then transformed to ˜ot via a multilayer perceptron (MLP) that takes as input … and 1 representing the network’s confidence level on r being produced by a chat- bot …

Identifying facts for chatbot’s question answering via sequence labelling using recurrent neural networks
M Nuruzzaman, OK Hussain – Proceedings of the ACM Turing …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… NLP) that not yet solved completely [1]. In recent years, both academic and industry showed interests in chatbot, which is … models are Markov chains model, Maximum Entropy Markov Model (MEMM), Conditional Random Fields (CRF) model, Average Perceptron (AP) and …

When to Talk: Chatbot Controls the Timing of Talking during Multi-turn Open-domain Dialogue Generation
T Lan, X Mao, H Huang, W Wei – arXiv preprint arXiv:1912.09879, 2019 – arxiv.org
… Table 1: In this case, chatbot and human play the role B. The existing chatbots which … (Chen et al., 2017): (1) Open-domain dialogue sys- tems, also known as chatbots, have daily … where ? denotes differentiable functions such as MLPs (Multi Layer Perceptrons), hk i is the node …

Multimodal dialog system: Generating responses via adaptive decoders
L Nie, W Wang, R Hong, M Wang, Q Tian – Proceedings of the 27th ACM …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… as shown in Figure 1, the conversations between the shopper (user) and the chatbot usually involve … In the former efforts [5, 18, 33], the chatbots usually continue to propose predefined questions in … the step t, the function fatt is implemented by a Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) in …

Passive Diagnosis of Mental Health Disorders Incorporating an Empathic Dialogue System
F Delahunty, M Arcan, R Johansson – 2019 – thesiscommons.org
… 3Commonly known as chatbots … par- ticipants from the public domain who had a short conversation with our proposed empathic dialogue system … To evaluate Hypothesis 2, we randomly allocated recruited participants to have conversations with one of two dialogue systems …

Exploring machine learning and deep learning frameworks for task-oriented dialogue act classification
T Saha, S Srivastava, M Firdaus, S Saha… – … Joint Conference on …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… Applications such as online chat-bots that include the Problem Solving Agent, Conversational Agent, etc … A new task-oriented tag-set is proposed which is more appropriate for building a chat-bot system … for the sentence which is fed as an input to a multi- layer perceptron (MLP …

Emotion-aware Chat Machine: Automatic Emotional Response Generation for Human-like Emotional Interaction
W Wei, J Liu, X Mao, G Guo, F Zhu, P Zhou… – Proceedings of the 28th …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… To this end, it is highly valuable and desirable to develop an emotion-aware chatbot that is capable … [47] take account of static graph attention to incorporate commonsense knowledge for chatbots … state hi e , which is calculated by feeding hi e into a multi-layer perceptron with a …

Recurrent neural models and related problems in natural language processing
S Zhang – 2019 – papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca
… how to perform advanced multi-hop reasoning in machine reading comprehension and how to encode person- alities into chitchat dialogue systems … The fourth article tackles the problem of the lack of personality in chatbots … cessing, reading comprehension, dialogue system v …

Latest Developments in Deep Learning in Finance 8th November 2019
NYU Courant – 2019 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
… Page 8. Deep Learning Multilayer Perceptron Deep Learning Convolutional Neural Networks … Sentiment analysis for marketing or finance/trading • Speech recognition • Chatbots / Dialog agents • Automating customer support … Input Multi Layer Perceptrons Output Processing …

Expanding on the end-to-end memory network for goal-oriented dialogue
PA Taraldsen, V Vatne – 2019 – uia.brage.unit.no
… been proposed in order to satisfy the requirements of the Dialog System Technology Challenge: building an end- to-end dialog system for goal … In: Workshop: Chatbots for Social Good, September 3, 2019, Paphos, Cyprus (under review) … Figure 2.1: A single layer perceptron [7] …

Proposed Model for Arabic Grammar Error Correction Based on Convolutional Neural Network
A Solyman, Z Wang, Q Tao – 2019 International Conference on …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… be the basis for future ALNP projects such as text generation, dialog systems, and semantic … model [13], has successfully applied in applications such as online chatbots, Google Translate … Neural Network Convolutional neural network (CNN), it is multilayer perceptron and fully …

A Deep Semantic Matching Network for Answer Selection
Y Li, H Li, J Li, N Zhang, G Yuan – 2019 Chinese Control …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… Key Words: Deep Learning, Attention Mechanism, Semantic Model, Response Selection, Chatbot … and alluring commercial values[1]. In the final stage of the chatbots, response candidates … answer is computed by processing the matching features with a single layer perceptron …

A hybrid retrieval-generation neural conversation model
L Yang, J Hu, M Qiu, C Qu, J Gao, WB Croft… – Proceedings of the 28th …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… to a rapidly growing field referred to as Conversational AI [7]. Typical task-oriented dialog systems use a … Session: Long – Question Answering and Dialogue Systems I … CNN) to learn important matching features, which are aggregated by the final multi-layer perceptron (MLP) to …

Natural language understanding for dialogue systems using n-best lists
S Mansalis – MS thesis, 2019 – aueb.gr
… system researchers both in research and industry. Dialogue systems are generally divided into … and non-task-oriented dialogue systems (also known as chatbots). Task-oriented dialogue … networks exist, the most common include multi-layer perceptrons (MLPs), convolutional …

Deep conversational recommender in travel
L Liao, R Takanobu, Y Ma, X Yang, M Huang… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – arxiv.org
… industry such as Expedia.com, KLM and Booking.com, race to launch their online chatbots … user prefers an item to another, while a typical task oriented dialog system often directly … isotropic Gaussian with a mean and variance both obtained from Multilayer Perceptron with input …

Topic-aware chatbot using Recurrent Neural Networks and Nonnegative Matrix Factorization
Y Guo, N Haonian, Z Lin, N Liskij, H Lyu… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – arxiv.org
… However, as we deal with longer-range time dependencies (eg, chatbots or machine translation), repeated mul … words’, and the coefficients in W T q will tell us how much the chatbot should use … where ?(c) is a multi-layer perceptron with tanh as an activation function, t indexes …

NVSRN: A Neural Variational Scaling Reasoning Network for Initiative Response Generation
J Chang, R He, H Xu, K Han, L Wang… – … Conference on Data …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… A prevailing generation-based approach to building a chatbot is to train a sequence-to-sequence … 11] manually defines some properties that mimic the goal of ideal chatbots as rewards … The classifier is implemented by a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) and predicts topic category as …

Goal-Oriented End-to-End Conversational Models with Profile Features in a Real-World Setting
Y Lu, M Srivastava, J Kramer, H Elfardy… – Proceedings of the …, 2019 – aclweb.org
… The final context encoded vec- tor, given in Equation 1, is the concatenation of the output of the three attention layers passed through a multilayer perceptron … A deep reinforcement learning chatbot … Multi-turn response selection for chatbots with deep attention matching network …

A survey of natural language generation techniques with a focus on dialogue systems-past, present and future directions
S Santhanam, S Shaikh – arXiv preprint arXiv:1906.00500, 2019 – arxiv.org
… Keywords: deep learning, language generation, dialog systems … seg- ments and rhetorical relations between segments to construct a text plan for their dialogue system … used type of neural network is the feed forward neural network or multilayer perceptron (Rosenblatt, 1958) in …

Stacked Multi-head Attention for Multi-turn Response Selection in Retrieval-based Chatbots
C Yu, W Jiang, D Zhu, R Li – 2019 Chinese Automation …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… score g(c,r) between utterances and responses via a single-layer perceptron, which is … XZ Wayne, Y. Dianhai, and W. Hua, “Multi-turn response selection for chatbots with deep … dialogue corpus: A large dataset for research in unstructured multi-turn dialogue systems,” in SIGDIAL …

Topic-enhanced emotional conversation generation with attention mechanism
Y Peng, Y Fang, Z Xie, G Zhou – Knowledge-Based Systems, 2019 – Elsevier
… Although these studies can generate meaningful and good-quality responses, a chat bot still cannot naturally … 28] presented an ensemble of retrieval- and generation-based open-domain dialogue systems … j ) ) ? k = 1 T exp ( ? ( s i ? 1 , h k ) ) , where ? is a multilayer perceptron …

Retrieval-based Goal-Oriented Dialogue Generation
AV Gonzalez, I Augenstein, A Søgaard – arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.13717, 2019 – arxiv.org
… relies on simple textual similarity measures combined in a multi-layered perceptron architecture … slot and value pairs which limits the flexibility of such chatbots, including their … How not to evaluate your dialogue system: An empirical study of unsupervised evaluation metrics for …

Generating emotional controllable response based on multi-task and dual attention framework
W Xu, X Gu, G Chen – IEEE Access, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… we introduce a multi-task and dual attentions (MTDA) framework in emotional dialogue system to fully … to our work, but they focus on levarage emoji labeled Twitter corpus to train emotional chatbots … by a deep neural network, which typically we use multi-layer perceptron(MLP) …

Deep Reinforcement Learning for Text and Speech
U Kamath, J Liu, J Whitaker – Deep Learning for NLP and Speech …, 2019 – Springer
… Open image in new window. 13.4 DRL for Text. Deep reinforcement learning methods have been recently applied to a variety of natural language processing tasks on text. In particular, they have been very successful in building conversational agents and dialogue systems …

Neural conversation generation with auxiliary emotional supervised models
G Zhou, Y Fang, Y Peng, J Lu – ACM Transactions on Asian and Low …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… These efforts are meaningful; however, a chat bot is still unable to communicate with a user naturally when it lacks of the … where ? is a multilayer perceptron … To our knowledge, it is the first work to adopt the ground truth as a comparator for emotional dialogue system evaluation …

Humour-in-the-loop: Improvised Theatre with Interactive Machine Learning Systems
KW Mathewson – 2019 – era.library.ualberta.ca
… 186 B.8 Chatbot Competitions … 187 B.9 The Future of Chatbots … 1 Page 18. exceptional domain for experimentation toward improving dialogue generation systems. Improvised theatre is characterized by adaptive performers sponta …

Towards Emotion Intelligence in Neural Dialogue Systems
C Huang – 2019 – era.library.ualberta.ca
… 4, 8, 10, 42 MLP Multilayer Perceptrons. 16 … With the recent development of Deep Learning (DL), building open-domain social chatbots has received much more attention from the research community … social textual chatbot XiaoIce [104] states that a mature chatbot should be …

A multi-encoder neural conversation model
D Ren, Y Cai, X Lei, J Xu, Q Li, H Leung – Neurocomputing, 2019 – Elsevier
… [18] propose a fully data-driven generative dialogue system that is … average of all hidden states of encoder [3]. c i is defined as following:(3) c i = ? j = 1 T ? i j ? h j ? i j ? = e x p ( a i j ) / ? l = 1 T e x p ( a i l ) a i j = ? ( s i ? 1 , h j ) where ?(·) is a multi-layer perceptron with tanh as …

Listening between the lines: Learning personal attributes from conversations
A Tigunova, A Yates, P Mirza, G Weikum – The World Wide Web …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… a distant source of background knowledge for personalization in downstream applications such as Web-based chatbots and agents … General-purpose chatbot-like agents show decent performance in benchmarks (eg, [13, 20, 37]), but critically rely on … Multilayer Perceptron (MLP …

A discrete cvae for response generation on short-text conversation
J Gao, W Bi, X Liu, J Li, G Zhou, S Shi – arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.09845, 2019 – arxiv.org
… Deep reinforcement learning is also applied to model future reward in chatbot after an encoder-decoder model converges (Li et al., 2016c, 2017) … Ez?q(z|y,x)[log p(ybow|x,z)], (7) where p(ybow|x,z) is obtained by a multilayer perceptron hb = MLP(x,z): p(ybow|x,z) = |y| ? t=1 …

Deep learning for nlp and speech recognition
U Kamath, J Liu, J Whitaker – 2019 – Springer
… The chapter begins with a fundamental anal- ysis of the components of deep learning in the multilayer perceptron (MLP), followed by variations on the basic MLP architecture and techniques for training deep neural networks …

Query-bag Matching with Mutual Coverage for Information-seeking Conversations in E-commerce
Z Fu, F Ji, W Hu, W Zhou, D Zhao, H Chen… – Proceedings of the 28th …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… QQ) matching method, we propose a new query-bag matching ap- proach for retrieval-based chatbots … SMN [6] performs the context-response matching for the open-domain dialog system … For the QQ matching task, the ri is fed into an MLP (Multi-Layer Perceptron) to predict the …

A comparative study of word embedding methods for early risk prediction on the Internet
E Fano – 2019 – diva-portal.org
… The best ERDE scores were obtained by the model with ELMo vectors and a multi-layer perceptron … It would be possible to develop chat bots and other dialogue systems that can determine the severity of a person’s mental health risk based on just a few lines of text …

An affect-rich neural conversational model with biased attention and weighted cross-entropy loss
P Zhong, D Wang, C Miao – Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on …, 2019 – aaai.org
… cations, Fitzpatrick, Darcy, and Vierhile (2017) developed a rule-based empathic chatbot to deliver … This message energy function is usually implemented as a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) … large as compared to in-domain perplexity, as well as other dialog systems, eg, (Vinyals …

Sémantické porozum?ní konverzaci
P Lorenc – 2019 – dspace.cvut.cz
… It is the reason why we can use Conditional Random Fields, Perceptron or neural network[18]. The computation demand for training neural net- work is limiting … 3 Page 22. 1. Natural Language Processing Figure 1.1: Predicted fields of chatbot usage[1] 1.1 Chatbots …

Engaging image captioning via personality
K Shuster, S Humeau, H Hu… – Proceedings of the …, 2019 – openaccess.thecvf.com
… 4.1 as input to a multi-layer perceptron with ReLU activation units and a final layer of 500 dimensions … Caption Encoders Each caption is encoded into a vector rC of the same size using a Transformer architecture [47], followed by a two layer perceptron …

Developing enhanced conversational agents for social virtual worlds
D Griol, A Sanchis, JM Molina, Z Callejas – Neurocomputing, 2019 – Elsevier
… to enhance communication in these environments, we propose the integration of dialog systems to develop … to understand the user and decide what to respond, but, unlike chatbots and other … to the application domain in order to optimize the behavior of the dialog system in that …

E Dimitrakis, K Sgontzos, Y Tzitzikas – Journal of Intelligent Information …, 2019 – Springer
… Dialogue Systems A Dialogue System (DS) is a computer system designed to converse with a human. We can distinguish such systems to chatbots which are used mainly for fun (starting from the 1966 system ELIZA 1966) and dialogue agents which are goal/task ori- ented …

Deep learning for spoken dialogue systems: application to nutrition
MB Korpusik – 2019 – dspace.mit.edu
… partment of Defense (DoD) through the National Defense Science & Engineering Gradu- ate Fellowship (NDSEG) Program. 8 Page 9. Contents 1 Introduction 31 1.1 Dialogue Systems … 164 7.4 7th Dialogue System Technology Challenge (DSTC7) …

Utterance-to-utterance interactive matching network for multi-turn response selection in retrieval-based chatbots
JC Gu, ZH Ling, Q Liu – IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… I. INTRODUCTION BUILDING a chatbot that can converse naturally with hu- mans on open … GU et al.: U2U-IMN FOR MULTI-TURN RESPONSE SELECTION IN RETRIEVAL-BASED CHATBOTS … matching feature vector m is then sent into a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) classifier …

Reinforcement learning for Dialogue Systems optimization with user adaptation.
N Carrara – 2019 – tel.archives-ouvertes.fr
… The first proposed approach involves clustering of Dialogue Systems (tailored for their respective user) based on their behaviours … The second idea states that before using a dedicated Dialogue System, the first in- teractions with a user should be handled carefully by a safe …

Deep learning based chatbot models
R Csaky – arXiv preprint arXiv:1908.08835, 2019 – arxiv.org
… they are limited to a specific domain, thus users have to be guided by the dialog system towards the task … The second type of dialog agents are the non-task or open-domain chatbots … This means that one should hardly be able to distinguish such a chatbot from a real human, but …

Consistent dialogue generation with self-supervised feature learning
Y Zhang, X Gao, S Lee, C Brockett, M Galley… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2019 – arxiv.org
… (2018) considered dis- crete latent actions to learn a human-interpretable representation for task-oriented dialogue systems … We therefore concatenate Fpsq and Fptq and passing it through a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) to predict the matching label y. Interchangeability is still …

Multi-Agent Actor-Critic Reinforcement Learning for Argumentative Dialogue Systems
Y Yang – 2019 – academia.edu
… Based on the application, dialogue systems can be categorized into two groups: task- oriented systems and non-task-oriented systems (also known as chat bots) [2]. In … In order to build an argumentative dialogue system that is capable of exchanging ar- guments with …

Trouble on the horizon: Forecasting the derailment of online conversations as they develop
JP Chang, C Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil – arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.01362, 2019 – arxiv.org
… rather than prediction: recent work in context-aware dialog generation (or “chat- bots”) has proposed … pre-trained on large amounts of unsuper- vised data, similarly to how chatbots are trained … Our predic- tor consists of a multilayer perceptron (MLP) with 3 fully-connected layers …

Novel Methods for Efficient Dialogue Policy Learning by Improving Agent-User Interaction
B Peng – 2019 – search.proquest.com
… Research and Development of Human Assist AI to Build Chatbot (Journal Paper, work in progress, proposal funded by ITF) ix Page 12 … realize this goal. A spoken dialogue system is a computational … speech, text. Spoken dialogue systems have long been of inter …

Learning to Memorize in Neural Task-Oriented Dialogue Systems
CS Wu – arXiv preprint arXiv:1905.07687, 2019 – arxiv.org
… performance. xiii Page 14. Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Motivation and Research Problems Dialogue systems, known as conversational agents or chatbots, can communicate with human via natural language to assist, inform and entertain people. They have become increasingly …

Contextual language understanding Thoughts on Machine Learning in Natural Language Processing
B Favre – 2019 – hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr
… General purpose dialog agents, also known as “chatbots”, are a good example of how … The ELIZA chatbot (Weizenbaum 1976) or contestants to the Loeb- ner Prize competition (Stephens … Perceptron The perceptron algorithm is one of the most straightforward linear model for …

Survey on evaluation methods for dialogue
JM Deriu, A Rodrigo, A Otegi, E Guillermo, S Rosset… – 2019 – digitalcollection.zhaw.ch
… There are many different approaches to design a dialogue manager, which are partly dictated by the application of the dialogue system. However, there are three broad classes of dialogue systems, which we encounter in the literature: task-oriented systems, conversational …

End-to-End Neural Context Reconstruction in Chinese Dialogue
W Yang, R Qiao, H Qin, A Sun, L Tan… – Proceedings of the First …, 2019 – aclweb.org
… 1 Introduction The chatbot is claimed to become a platform for the next generation of the human-computer in- terface … Then, we concatenate word embeddings and POS tagging embedding as the input of mentions and encode it using multilayer perceptron …

A Deep Generative Approach to Search Extrapolation and Recommendation
FX Han, D Niu, H Chen, K Lai, Y He, Y Xu – Proceedings of the 25th ACM …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… Seq2Seq models are proven to be performant in a number of NLP tasks like Automatic Summarization [19], Dialogue Systems [28] and Reading … The main difference is between [34] and our model is that [34] constructs an end-to-end trainable Seq2Seq chatbot that jointly learns …

Recommendation in Dialogue Systems
Y Sun – 2019 – escholarship.org
… These chatbots are implemented on different platforms, such as mobiles, home devices, and webpages. Dialogue systems are becoming indispensable tools in our life. First, the di … place an order. Second, the dialogue system is an important entrance of online …

Learning to Converse With Latent Actions
T Zhao – 2019 – lti.cs.cmu.edu
… 2.1 Dialog system pipeline for task-oriented dialog systems . . . . . 8 … These unique features make latent action E2E dialog system powerful and practical for creating dialog systems in a variety of usage and domains. 1.2 Thesis Statement …

Learning to merge-language and vision: A deep evaluation of the encoder, the role of the two modalities, the role of the training task.
R Shekhar – 2019 – eprints-phd.biblio.unitn.it
… by the encoder as general purposed representations. We have proposed and an- alyzed a cognitive plausible architecture in which dialogue system modules are connected through a common grounded dialogue state encoder. Our in-depth …

Multimodal dialogue processing for machine translation
A Waibel – The Handbook of Multimodal-Multisensor Interfaces …, 2019 – dl.acm.org
… Field-adaptable and extendable systems. Languages and vocabularies change, and interpreting dialogue systems must evolve alongside such changing languages and vocabularies and adapt to any given dialogue scenario …

Deep learning based recommender system: A survey and new perspectives
S Zhang, L Yao, A Sun, Y Tay – ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 2019 – dl.acm.org
… Here, the perceptron can em- ploy an arbitrary activation function and does not necessarily represent a strictly binary classifier … 5:7 speech recognition, chatbots, and many others. RNN and CNN play critical roles in these tasks …

VQAG: Automatic Generation of Question-Answer Pairs from Images
Z Wang – 2019 – cs.anu.edu.au
… Page 14. 2 Introduction as intelligent education, chatbot and smart home system, taking advantages of its ability to automatically ask and answer questions. 1.2 Problem Statement Recent achievements of VQA is driven by the breakthrough of computer vision …

Self-Attentional Models Application in Task-Oriented Dialogue Generation Systems
M Saffar Mehrjardi – 2019 – era.library.ualberta.ca
… engaged when they feel that they have become friends with the chatbot. Ama … chatbots, and customer-service chatbots. Deployment of task-oriented chat … bot, and better customer experience given the continuous and uninterrupted …

A multimodal approach to sarcasm detection on social media
D Das – 2019 – researchgate.net
… of sarcasm Page 89 7.3 Top five objects that were closest to the gaze center points Page 90 8.1 Sample positive and negative reviews, and replies from chatbot-based auto-replier sys- tem. Page 94 … Page 39 5.1 XOR function classification with multiple perceptron. Page 48 …

Socially-Aware Dialogue System
R Zhao – 2019 – lti.cs.cmu.edu
… However, social chatbots fall short in replicating the interpersonal function of communication … SAPA) This chapter reviews our knowledge-inspired socially-aware dialogue system in a … recognition of conversational strategies in the service of a socially-aware dialog system …

Structured Knowledge Discovery from Massive Text Corpus
C Zhang – arXiv preprint arXiv:1908.01837, 2019 – arxiv.org
… As voice assistants and chat-bots become more and more popular, users may ask smart devices questions via voice … For example, booking a flight with customer service representatives. Figure 1 illustrates three scenarios on community Q&A, voice assistant/chatbot, and service …

Automating app review response generation
C Gao, J Zeng, X Xia, D Lo, MR Lyu… – 2019 34th IEEE/ACM …, 2019 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… the focus of our work. Dialogue generation has been extensively studied in the natural language processing field [10]–[12], for facilitating social conversations, eg, the Microsoft XiaoIce chatbot [13]. Such work is generally grounded …

Semantic and Discursive Representation for Natural Language Understanding
D Sileo – 2019 – tel.archives-ouvertes.fr
… Under- standing the needs of humans paves the way for their automatic fulfilment (as in chatbot systems, robotics or information retrieval) … erating costs. Some tasks can rely on other tasks; for instance, a chatbot system (1-1c) can be decomposed into modules …

Unsupervised Text Representation Learning with Interactive Language
H Cheng – 2019 – digital.lib.washington.edu
… neural-based spoken dialogue systems [36, 37] … Page 24. 13 tion scenario takes place between a human user and a dialogue system powered by conversational … Page 25. 14 (aka chatbots) have been developed for entertainment, companionship and education purpose …

Emotion recognition from video using transfer learning and stacking
ST BEYENE – 2019 – politesi.polimi.it
… crucial to have a well mannered, fruitful and consistent conversation among peo- ple in general and for human-robot (chatbot) interaction in particular. In both … chatbots) have to be developed to analyze emotion expressions, interpret the emo …

Response Retrieval in Information-seeking Conversations
L Yang – 2019 – scholarworks.umass.edu
Page 1. University of Massachusetts Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst Doctoral Dissertations Dissertations and Theses 2019 Response Retrieval in Information-seeking Conversations Liu Yang College of Information and Computer Sciences, UMass Amherst …

Artificial Intelligence in the legal sector. A comparative analysis of expert and AI approaches to predicting court decisions
N Kaliazina – 2019 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
… ones such as spell checking, keyword search, information extraction from websites, documents classification, machine translation, spoken dialogue systems, and complex question answering … Another branch of screening solutions is usually presented in the form of chatbots that …

Neural architectures for natural language understanding
Y Tay – 2019 – dr.ntu.edu.sg
Page 1. Neural Architectures for Natural Language Understanding Tay Yi School of Computer Science & Engineering A thesis submitted to the Nanyang Technological University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 2019 Page 2 …

A Systematic Approach for Automatically Answering General-Purpose Objective and Subjective Questions
LP Acharya – 2019 – repository.lib.fit.edu
… 1960s by the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory to demonstrate the communication between humans and machines. Similar to a chatbot, ELIZA uses pattern matching and substitution methodologies to simulate conversations. DOCTOR is an example of a script …

(Visited 129 times, 1 visits today)