Talking Heads


Notes:

Conversational agent embodiment may be virtual or physical. Virtual embodiment may be referred to as an avatar. Physical embodiment may be referred to as a robot. Technically speaking both may be called talking heads. This webpage is primarily concerned with the physical embodiment of robotic talking heads. This physical embodiment may also be known as animatronic talking heads. Talking heads may also be referred to as a “talking face”.  Two-dimensional (2D) talking heads may be called a “virtual head” or “virtual face”. Three-dimensional (3D) talking heads may also be known as a “robot head” or “robot face”.

Hanson Robotics, founded by David Hanson, is very likely the leader in the field of animatronic talking heads. The Haskins Laboratory at Yale University (aka Haskins Laboratories @haskinslabs), directed by Philip Rubin, maintains a history of “Talking Heads” and Talking Heads Directory.

  • Artificial companion
  • Interactive online character
  • Robotic companion
  • Talking avatar
  • Talking avatars
  • Virtual companion

Resources:

Wikipedia:

References:

See also:

100 Best Animatronic Head Videos | 100 Best Robot Head Videos | 100 Best Stelarc Head Videos | Stelarc Articulated Head | Stelarc Prosthetic Head | Stelarc Thinking Head | Synthetic Humans 2017 | Talking AgentsThinking Head Project


The Talking Heads experiment: Origins of words and meanings
L Steels – 2015 – books.google.com
The Talking Heads Experiment, conducted in the years 1999-2001, was the first large-scale experiment in which open populations of situated embodied agents created for the first time ever a new shared vocabulary by playing language games about real world scenes in front …

Talking heads: Detecting humans and recognizing their interactions
M Hoai, A Zisserman – Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on …, 2014 – cv-foundation.org
The objective of this work is to accurately and efficiently detect configurations of one or more people in edited TV material. Such configurations often appear in standard arrangements due to cinematic style, and we take advantage of this to provide scene context. We make the …

Photo-real talking head with deep bidirectional LSTM
B Fan, L Wang, FK Soong, L Xie – Acoustics, Speech and …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Long short-term memory (LSTM) is a specific recurrent neural network (RNN) architecture that is designed to model temporal sequences and their long-range dependencies more accurately than conventional RNNs. In this paper, we propose to use deep bidirectional …

Moving from talking heads to newlyweds: exploring video chat use during major life events
M Massimi, C Neustaedter – Proceedings of the 2014 conference on …, 2014 – dl.acm.org
Video chat programs for home and personal use (eg, Skype) are becoming increasingly popular for doing more than simply conversing with a remote friend or family member. This creates a need to understand the broader use of video chat that moves” beyond talking  …

A deep bidirectional LSTM approach for video-realistic talking head
B Fan, L Xie, S Yang, L Wang, FK Soong – Multimedia Tools and …, 2016 – Springer
This paper proposes a deep bidirectional long short-term memory approach in modeling the long contextual, nonlinear mapping between audio and visual streams for video-realistic talking head. In training stage, an audio-visual stereo database is firstly recorded as a …

Speech driven talking head from estimated articulatory features
A Ben-Youssef, H Shimodaira… – Acoustics, Speech and …, 2014 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
In this paper, we present a talking head in which the lips and head motion are controlled using articulatory movements estimated from speech. A phone-size HMM-based inversion mapping is employed and trained in a semi-supervised fashion. The advantage of the use of …

Motherese by eye and ear: Infants perceive visual prosody in point-line displays of talking heads
C Kitamura, B Guellaï, J Kim – PLoS One, 2014 – journals.plos.org
Infant-directed (ID) speech provides exaggerated auditory and visual prosodic cues. Here we investigated if infants were sensitive to the match between the auditory and visual correlates of ID speech prosody. We presented 8-month-old infants with two silent line …

HMM trajectory-guided sample selection for photo-realistic talking head
L Wang, FK Soong – Multimedia Tools and Applications, 2015 – Springer
In this paper, we propose an HMM trajectory-guided, real image sample concatenation approach to photo-realistic talking head synthesis. An audio-visual database of a person is recorded first for training a statistical Hidden Markov Model (HMM) of Lips movement. The …

Beyond talking heads: multimedia artifact creation, use, and sharing in distributed meetings
J Marlow, S Carter, N Good, JW Chen – … of the 19th ACM Conference on …, 2016 – dl.acm.org
Distributed meetings can be messy, particularly when the task requires collaboration around multimedia artifacts. Teams must not only share a variety of materials related to the work in real time, but also need to refer back to information after a meeting ends. While video tools …

Usability and user satisfaction of 3D talking-head mobile assisted language learning (MALL) app for non-native speakers
K Segaran, AZM Ali, TW Hoe – Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2014 – Elsevier
One of the serious issues affecting learning English as second language effectively is pronunciation, which consequently contributes to learners’ poor communicative power. This condition is moreover critical among non-native speakers. Therefore, numerous initiatives …

Head and facial gestures synthesis using PAD model for an expressive talking avatar
J Jia, Z Wu, S Zhang, HM Meng, L Cai – Multimedia Tools and Applications, 2014 – Springer
This paper proposes to synthesize expressive head and facial gestures on talking avatar using the three dimensional pleasure-displeasure, arousal- nonarousal and dominance-submissiveness (PAD) descript.

ABO matching of platelet transfusions-“Start Making Sense”“As we get older, and stop making sense…”-The Talking Heads (1984)
N Blumberg, M Refaai, J Heal – Blood Transfusion, 2015 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, United States of America plasma? We treat plasma differently when it is in platelet transfusions than when it is in whole blood or fresh-frozen plasma. Somewhere …

Beyond talking heads: Sourced comics and the affordances of multimodality
H Dickinson, MM Werner – Composition Studies, 2015 – search.proquest.com
This article analyzes the genre of the sourced comic as an important pedagogical tool in the development of both alphabetic and multimodal literacies. We argue that sourced comics provide multiple design elements with which students can explore their complex …

Effects of verbal Components in 3D talking-head on pronunciation learning among non-native speakers.
M Ali, A Zamzuri, K Segaran, TW Hoe – Journal of Educational Technology & …, 2015 – JSTOR
This study was designed to investigate the benefit of inclusion of various verbal elements in 3D talking-head on pronunciation learning among non-native speakers. In particular, the study examines the effects of three different multimedia presentation strategies in 3D talking …

Talking heads synthesis from audio with deep neural networks
T Shimba, R Sakurai, H Yamazoe… – System Integration (SII) …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Talking heads synthesis with expressions from speech is proposed in this paper. Talking heads synthesis can be considered as a learning problem of sequence-to-sequence mapping, which consists of audio as input and video as output. To synthesize talking heads …

Impact of iris size and eyelids coupling on the estimation of the gaze direction of a robotic talking head by human viewers
F Foerster, G Bailly, F Elisei – Humanoid Robots (Humanoids) …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Primates-and in particular humans-are very sensitive to the eye direction of congeners. Estimation of gaze of others is one of the basic skills for estimating goals, intentions and desires of social agents, whether they are humans or avatars. When building robots, one …

Talking heads and other specters of the Mountain Meadows Massacre
SA Novak – Studies in Forensic Biohistory: Anthropological …, 2017 – books.google.com
My mother’s sister Elizabeth lived in southern Utah, and she and her husband… passed the place where the Mountain Meadows Massacre had been…. They camped just a short distance from where that tragedy had occurred, and they built a fire and cooked their supper …

On the use of an articulatory talking head for second language pronunciation training: the case of Chinese learners of French
X Wang, T Hueber, P Badin – … of 10th International Seminar on Speech …, 2014 – gipsa-lab.fr
This study investigates the usefulness of a French Articulatory Talking Head (ATH) to train Mandarin Chinese speakers to produce French vowels that do not exist in their phonetic repertoire. Two groups of Mandarin Chinese speakers were trained using either auditory or …

Extended capabilities for a WebGL based talking head system
RZ Buda, G Boldizsár, Á Tóth… – … ), 2014 5th IEEE …, 2014 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
I. INTRODUCTION Nowadays we meet more and more virtual avatars and talking heads in different areas of life. One reason of that is that we should interact with computers very often and this interaction can be more people friendly if a virtual human communicates with us instead of reading simple …

The Effect of Using a Talking Head in Academic Videos: An EEG Study
D Díaz, R Ramírez… – … (ICALT), 2015 IEEE 15th …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
This paper presents a study designed to understand the effect of using a talking head in academic videos frequently used in video-based learning approaches, such Massive Open Online Courses. The experiment consisted of exposing participants to videos about different …

Teaching psychology to student nurses: the use of ‘Talking Head’videos
S Snelgrove, DJR Tait, M Tait – Research in Learning …, 2016 – repository.alt.ac.uk
Psychology is a central part of undergraduate nursing curricula in the UK. However, student nurses report difficulties recognising the relevance and value of psychology. We sought to strengthen first-year student nurses’ application of psychology by developing a set of digital …

Developing and Evaluating of Non-Realistic Three-Dimensional (3d-Nr) and Two-Dimensional (2d) Talking-Head Animation Courseware.
MN Hamdan, AZM Ali – Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 2015 – ERIC
The talking-head animation is an instructional animation capable of improving the communication skills through enhancing the pronunciation skills; whereby a word is pronounced correctly and accurately. This had been proven by several researches, which …

The Cannibal Talking Head: The Portrayal of the Windigo “Monster” in Popular Culture and Ojibwe Traditions
B DeSanti – The Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, 2015 – utpjournals.press
This article examines the windigo “monster” of Algonquian Indian traditions through the lens of popular culture. The cannibalistic entity remains a consistent antagonist in comic books, cartoons, movies, and television series. Each medium portrays components of the windigo …

Talking Head System In Indonesian Language With Affective Facial Expressions Synthesis
E Setyati – 2017 – repository.its.ac.id
Dalam membuat persepsi dan tampilan dari sebuah antarmuka manusia-komputer alami (Natural Human-Computer Interface) dibutuhkan integrasi dari audio yang realistis dan informasi visual. Penelitian ini mengusulkan Talking Head System dalam bahasa Indonesia …

Multimodal affect: perceptually evaluating an affective talking head
K Legde, S Castillo, DW Cunningham – ACM Transactions on Applied …, 2015 – dl.acm.org
Many tasks such as driving or rapidly sorting items can be best achieved by direct actions. Other tasks such as giving directions, being guided through a museum, or organizing a meeting are more easily solved verbally. Since computers are increasingly being used in all …

The effects of realism level of talking-head animated character on students’ pronunciation learning
MN Hamdan, AZM Ali, A Hassan – Science in Information …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
This study intends to evaluate the effects of talking-head animation on the pronunciation of words by using various levels of realism. The evaluation is measured by using the pronunciation test after students have completed the self-exploratory coursework. The four …

User satisfaction of non-realistic three-dimensional talking-head animation courseware (3D-NR)
MN Hamdan, AZM Ali – International Journal of e-Education, e-Business …, 2015 – ijeeee.org
Talking-head animation is an instructional approach that helps students in linguistic learning, especially in the pronunciation aspect. However, the use of talking-head animation has caused some emotional uneasiness among students when the design and realistic level …

Voice, liveness, digital video: the talking head in contemporary independent Chinese documentary
L Robinson – positions: east asia cultures critique, 2014 – read.dukeupress.edu
This article addresses the use of the human voice in contemporary Chinese independent documentary in relation to xianchang. Broadly analogous to the Anglophone concept of “liveness,” xianchang is a shooting practice that interrogates questions of immediacy (being …

Talking heads: Morphological variation in the human mandible over the last 500 years in the Netherlands
AM Bosman, SR Moisik, D Dediu, A Waters-Rist – HOMO, 2017 – Elsevier
The primary aim of this paper is to assess patterns of morphological variation in the mandible to investigate changes during the last 500 years in the Netherlands. Three-dimensional geometric morphometrics is used on data collected from adults from three …

Transforming an embodied conversational agent into an efficient talking head: from keyframe-based animation to multimodal concatenation synthesis
G Gibert, KN Olsen, Y Leung… – Computational …, 2015 – computationalcognitivescience …
Virtual humans have become part of our everyday life (movies, internet, and computer games). Even though they are becoming more and more realistic, their speech capabilities are, most of the time, limited and not coherent and/or not synchronous with the …

Talking about more than Heads: the Embodied, Embedded and Extended Creative Mind
M Wheeler – 2018 – dspace.stir.ac.uk
… Introduction: the Path of Creation In the opening paragraph of his fascinating book, How Music Works, the vocalist, guitarist, songwriter and former Talking Heads frontman, David Byrne,1 describes what he calls the ‘romantic notion’ of creativity, in the following words …

St. Edmund’s Talking Head
E Walley – 2016 – digitalcommons.wou.edu
The talking severed head is a phenomenon that appears in two staggeringly different genres of medieval writing: Celtic folklore and writings concerning saints, known as hagiography. This strange shared motif has sometimes been interpreted by scholars as an indicator of the …

3D Talking-Head Mobile App
AZM Ali, WH Tan – Encyclopedia of Mobile Phone Behavior, 2015 – igi-global.com
The 3D talking-head mobile app is a type of mobile app that presents the head of a computer generated three-dimensional animated character that can talk or hold a conversation with human users. It is commonly used for language learning or entertainment …

Talking heads: communication, embodiment, and interaction
P Rubin – The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2016 – asa.scitation.org
The desire to create robotic speech, including talking human heads, stems back at least several hundred years. This quest continues and presently combines approaches that are computational, cognitive, biological, mechanical, and acoustic, cutting across a wide variety …

Talking Heads
D Serjeantson – Dublin Review of Books, 2014 – repository.essex.ac.uk
A review essay on perceptions of Ireland in the early-modern period, discussing The Severed Head and the Grafted Tongue: Literature, Translation and Violence in Early Modern Ireland, by Patricia Palmer, Cambridge University Press, 193 pp, 50, ISBN: 978 …

Talking Heads A’Talking Nonsense
RJ Halaby – 2018 – scholarlycommons.obu.edu
Let me be very clear. I am not a fan of Donald Trump, did not vote for him and have been utterly disgusted with all the decisions he’s made to date excepting – perhaps – his decision to initiate a dialogue with North Korea … Trump is a tempestuous, narcissist, misogynist, bigoted …

LuciaWebGL: A New WebGL-Based Talking Head
A Benin, P Cosi, GR Leone, G Paci – Fifteenth Annual Conference …, 2014 – isca-speech.org
In this DEMO we present the first worldwide WebGL implementation of a talking head (LuciaWebGL), and also the first WebGL talking head running on iOS mobile devices (Apple iPhone and iPad) … Face-to-face communication is the main element of human- human interaction …

Talking Head: Literature Review
P Chikersal, P Sukheja, CE Siong – Citeseer
In recent years, the development in the field of computer graphics and animation has made it easier to interact with computers. For example, education and learning has become an easy and interactive process with improvement in computer animation. Another essential instance …

Lip Synchronisation for the iCub Talking Head
I Keller, KS Lohan – researchgate.net
Class MaryTTSPhonemes Up Down Left/Right 1 p, b,., f, v, w, m 0% 0% 50% 2 OI 0% 25% 25% 3 u 0% 50% 25% 4 aU 0% 50% 50% 5 A, h 0% 100% 50% 6 r 25% 0% 25% 7{, U 25% 75% 75% 8@ U 25% 100% 50% 9 tS, dZ 50% 25% 50% 10 i, I, AI, EI, t, g, T, 50% 25 …

Talking heads: Hippocrates or hypocrisy?
A Tassone – AJP: The Australian Journal of Pharmacy, 2018 – search.informit.com.au
For reasons we can only ponder, the AMA and the Royal Australian College of GPs seem fixated with pharmacy regulation, urging regulators to open up pharmacy to the same corporate forces that have had such a negative impact on medical care. The Queensland Branch of the AMA recently …

Return of the talking heads
KR Hansen, P Bro, R Andersson – Nordicom Review, 2016 – degruyter.com
The present article suggests that the brief history of Western television news dramaturgy can be expounded as three major waves: from the early days of the talking heads in the studio, over the narrativization of the field report to a (re-) current studio-and field-based talking  …

Talking Heads
F Aboitiz – A Brain for Speech, 2017 – Springer
In this chapter, comparative and developmental evidence in mammals for the origin of human speech is discussed. Some mammals display learned, song-like vocalizations, in line with Darwin’s proposal that speech derives from voiced melodies produced by our …

An MPEG-4 based talking head for real time voice chatting on Android platform
J Ozsváth, B Er?s, Á Tóth… – … (CogInfoCom), 2017 8th …, 2017 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
In this demonstration we present the actual state of our work on developing an MPEG-4 based talking head for different platforms. Our latest result is an Android application for real time voice chatting with customizable voices and head models. These mentioned features …

The Metalinguistics of Subjectivity: Benjamin Lee’s Talking Heads
C Anton – The American Journal of Semiotics, 2016 – pdcnet.org
Consider the scope and range of his concerns: he brings lines of analytic philosophy—including the works of Frege, Austin, Kripke, Putnam, Nozick, and Wittgenstein—into dialogue with Derridian deconstructionism, Saussurean linguistics, Peircean semiotics …

Talking ‘Heads’
M Großklaus – researchgate.net
In this paper, I argue that today’s ‘high value targeting’of individuals in the context of the ‘War on Terror’is rooted in strategic debates about ‘decapitation strikes’ that predate September 11. The ‘decapitation’paradigm assumes that any enemy organization–whether a state …

Islamophobia and the Talking Heads
AM Guimond – Converting to Islam, 2017 – Springer
Although Islamophobia was only first used in 1991 in print materials, Islamophobia has been increasing at the global level since the Hoover administration. In this chapter, Guimond thoroughly explores the various aspects of Islamophobia at both historic and contemporary …

Mob Rule Learning: Camps, Unconferences, and Trashing the Talking Head
AR Horsman – … Health Libraries Association/Journal de l …, 2014 – ejournals.library.ualberta.ca
Mob Rule Learning: Camps, Unconferences, and Trashing the Talking Head is written by Michelle Boule, who is selfproclaimed on her website as a ”Geek Librarian living in Houston, TX”(http://wanderingeyre. com/about/). Mob Rule Learning is a well-organized book that is …

Better Talking Heads: Concerning Fuller” Experience” in Environmental Philosophy
C Bovinette – 2016 – scholarworks.umt.edu
Through this project, I demonstrate how professional environmental ethics is constrained by, what I call, a rationalist bias and I offer a different approach to environmental questions in the face of this observation. Intellectual life depends on material conditions and our …

Talking head detection by likelihood-ratio test.
C Quillen, K Greenfield, WM Campbell – SLAM@ INTERSPEECH, 2014 – isca-speech.org
Detecting accurately when a person whose face is visible in an audio-visual medium is the audible speaker is an enabling technology with a number of useful applications. These include fused audio/visual speaker recognition, AV (audio/visual) segmentation and …

Talking heads or talking eyes? Effects of head orientation and sudden onset gaze cues on attention capture
RP van der Wel, T Welsh, A Böckler – Attention, Perception, & …, 2018 – Springer
The direction of gaze towards or away from an observer has immediate effects on attentional processing in the observer. Previous research indicates that faces with direct gaze are processed more efficiently than faces with averted gaze. We recently reported additional …

The effect of using a talking head in academic videos: An EEG study
J Blat, R Ramírez, D Hernández Leo – … (ICALT); 2015 Jul 06-Jul 09 …, 2015 – repositori.upf.edu
This paper presents a study designed to understand the effect of using a talking head in academic videos frequently used in video-based learning approaches, such Massive Open Online Courses. The experiment consisted of exposing participants to videos about different …

Talking Heads, Signing Avatars and Social Robots
J Beskow – Proceedings of SLPAT 2015: 6th Workshop on Speech …, 2015 – aclweb.org
Over the span of human existence our brains have evolved into sophisticated multimodal social signal processing machines. We are experts at detecting and decoding information from a variety of sources and interpreting this information in a social context. The human …

From talking head to singing head: A significant enhancement for more natural human computer interaction
J Yu, CW Chen – Multimedia and Expo (ICME), 2017 IEEE …, 2017 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
This paper proposes a 3D virtual animating head system, which can not only talk but also sing. With a reconstructed head mesh model, including external/internal articulators, from multi-source images, biology information are first used to visualize each phoneme with a …

The history of talking heads: the trick and the research
M Pettorino – 2015 – unora.unior.it
This study reviews the history of the attempts to build talking statues or talking heads. The study highlights the two paths that have been followed over the centuries; the “voice transport” and the “artificial voice”. The first case Was ultimately a trick, because the voice …

The history of talking heads: the trick and the research.
M Pettorino – HSCR@ INTERSPEECH, 2015 – isca-speech.org
This study reviews the history of the attempts to build talking statues or talking heads. The study highlights the two paths that have been followed over the centuries: the “voice transport” and the “artificial voice”. The first case was ultimately a trick, because the voice …

RNN ? ??? Expressive Talking Head from Speech ? ??
??? ???? ??? – ???????, 2018 – db.koreascholar.com
The talking head (TH) indicates an utterance face animation generated based on text and voice input. In this paper, we propose the generation method of TH with facial expression and intonation by speech input only. The problem of generating TH from speech can be …

Talking Heads: The Ethical Consequences of a Neuroscientific Understanding of Language
N Chrapliwy – IYNA – youthneuro.org
Language as a human tool for survival has ubiquitous import. It is not only capable of relaying complex and original messages across space and time, but also of changing the course of human actions. Compared to the predictable consequences of chemical …

From Talking Heads to Talking Students: Driving the paradigm shift in science education.
LE Ogden – BioScience, 2015 – academic.oup.com
“I’ve always believed in being an experimentalist and testing things,” says Carl Wieman. His prowess for “testing things” earned him a 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics and, in 2010, a stint as associate director of science at The White House Office of Science and Technology …

Visual Speech Emotion Conversion using Deep Learning for 3D Talking Head
DY Huang, E Chandra, X Yang, Y Zhou… – Proceedings of the …, 2018 – dl.acm.org
In this paper, we present an audio-visual emotion conversion based on deep learning for 3D talking head. The technology aims at retargeting neutral facial and speech expression into emotional ones. The challenging issues are how to control dynamics and variations of …

A review on data-driven learning of a talking head model
KK Htike – … Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and …, 2017 – inderscienceonline.com
Constructing a talking head model of a person allows generation of a novel talking face animation from an unseen audio sequence of the person. This has important applications such as building virtual avatars of people that can interact with real people in novel …

From Talking Head to Social Gesture: Direct Address and the Frame-Breaking Event of Mistranslation
M Wahlberg – Face Value: The Face of Terror-Workshop in …, 2014 – diva-portal.org
in the “real time approximation” of TV films made to look like live television) was established as an authoritative marker of veracity, information, and knowledge: The face of an educated lecturer or TV personality, or the pretty face of a girl announcing the next program …

Evaluating a 3-D virtual talking head on pronunciation learning
X Peng, H Chen, L Wang, H Wang – International Journal of Human …, 2018 – Elsevier
We evaluate a 3-D virtual talking head on non-native Mandarin speaker pronunciation learning under three language presentation conditions–audio only (AU), human face video (HF) and audio-visual animation of a three-dimensional talking head (3-D). An auto …

Stylistic Analysis of Selected Lyrics of Talking Heads’
A Litvinovskaya – dspace.upce.cz
ANOTACE Tato práce se zabývá analýzou textu vybraných písní od Talking Heads z pohledu stylistického a pragmatického. První ?ást práce obsahuje analýzu teoretického pozadí a zmi?uje se definicích specifických aspekt? r?zných jazykových pohled?. První …

Universal combined system: speech recognition, emotion recognition and talking head for deaf and hard of hearing people
H DAASSI-GNABA, JL KRAHE – researchgate.net
The work presented here is an extension of the old LABIAO (Lecture lABIale Assistée par Ordinateur or Computer-Assisted lips reading) project. Its object is to provide lip readers and, especially deaf and hard of hearing people with an artificial talking head piloted by …

Track Your Emotional Perception of 3-D Virtual Talking Head in Human-computer Interaction
H Ni, J Wang, L Wang, N Yan – 2018 IEEE International …, 2018 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
To investigate how emotions are identified from the avatar character in the natural scene during human-computer interaction. In current paper, a novel 3-D virtual talking head system with dynamic emotional facial expression for applying to human-robot communication was …

Eric Rohmer’s Talking Heads: Listening to the Classical Text in La Bruyère
M Cohen – The Films of Eric Rohmer, 2014 – Springer
R ohmer’s career from 1959 to the early 1970s had three facets: film criticism, fiction film, and short nonfiction films, incorporating documentaries made for Les Films du Losange 1 and 28 for television. Until recently the latter were the least known part of his oeuvre. It has taken …

The Effects of Talking-Head with Various Realism Levels on Students’ Emotions in Learning
AZ Mohamad Ali, MN Hamdan – Journal of Educational …, 2017 – journals.sagepub.com
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of various realistic levels of talking-head on students’ emotions in pronunciation learning. Four talking-head characters with varying levels of realism were developed and tested: a nonrealistic three-dimensional character, a …

Synthesizing Photo-Realistic 3D Talking Head: Learning Lip Synchronicity and Emotion from Audio and Video
J Yu, L Yu – 2018 25th IEEE International Conference on Image …, 2018 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
We propose a speech driven emotional 3D talking head. First, based on face prior knowledge, an individual head model is reconstructed by integrating the internal articulators from Magnetic Resonance Imaging slices with the appearance from visible images. Second …

Impact of the Realistic Level of the Animated Talking-Head Character on Students Emotion and Performance
MN Hamdan, AZM Ali – Asia-Pacific Journal of Information …, 2014 – ejournal.ukm.my
Animasi talking-head merupakan animasi arahan yang mampu membantu pembelajaran kemahiran sebutan sesuatu perkataan secara betul dan tepat. Namun, kesilapan dalam penggunaan karakter animasi memberi kesan negatif kepada pelajar. Kajian ini memfokus …

Talking Heads: On the Repatriation of M?ori Toi Moko
C Murphy – 2016 – deepblue.lib.umich.edu
I would like to sincerely thank my faculty advisor Dr. David Doris for his indispensable guidance during this process. He continuously found time in his busy schedule to help me with my research, and I am incredibly grateful for his generosity, sense of humor and …

Generative Adversarial Talking Head: Bringing Portraits to Life with a Weakly Supervised Neural Network
HX Pham, Y Wang, V Pavlovic – arXiv preprint arXiv:1803.07716, 2018 – arxiv.org
This paper presents Generative Adversarial Talking Head (GATH), a novel deep generative neural network that enables fully automatic facial expression synthesis of an arbitrary portrait with continuous action unit (AU) coefficients. Specifically, our model directly manipulates …

Talking heads’ or the naturalisation of language at the end of the 18th century
J Gessinger – wg.geschichte.uni-frankfurt.de
Das Verfahren unseres Geistes, besonders in seinen geheimnisvolleren Wirkungen, kann nur durch tiefes Nachdenken und anhaltende Beobachtung seiner selbst ergründet werden. Aber es ist selbst damit noch wenig geschehen, wenn man nicht zugleich auf die …

Talking Heads, Signing Avatars and Social Robots Exploring multimodality in assistive applications
J Beskow – 6th Workshop on Speech and Language …, 2015 – anthology.aclweb.org
Over the span of human existence our brains have evolved into sophisticated multimodal social signal processing machines. We are experts at detecting and decoding information from a variety of sources and interpreting this information in a social context. The human …

More Than Talking Heads: Nonfiction Testimony and Cinematic Form
IZ Leimbacher – 2014 – escholarship.org
This dissertation examines a body of formally and aesthetically innovative nonfiction and experimental films, videos, and installation works that have created new modes of cinematic testimony with new possibilities of viewer/listener engagement. I call such films cinematic …

Comparison of Visual Speech Perception of Sampled-Based Talking Heads: adults and children with and without developmental dyslexia
PDP Costa, D Batista, M Toffoli, KAB Knobel… – 2015 – isca-speech.org
Among other applications, videorealistic talking heads are envisioned as a programmable tool to train skills which involve the observation of human face. This work presents partial results of a study conducted with adults and children with and without developmental …

Temporal Naturalism, Free Will, and the Cartesian Myth: Time Is NOT Illusory and We Are NOT ‘Talking Heads’
G Goldberg – 2018 – Taylor & Francis
So when we are balanced between danger and opportunity and the future is unknown, how do we think usefully about the future?… If we imagine ourselves living in the cosmos in which novelty is an illusion, agency is an illusion, will is an illusion, there is a demoralization that …

Talking Heads: Quantitative analysis of morphological variation in the human mandible during the Medieval and post-Medieval periods in the Netherlands using three …
AM Bosman – 2016 – openaccess.leidenuniv.nl
The mandible is one of the many structures of the human skeleton that can be characterized by large amounts of inter (between)-individual morphological variation. The primary aim of this thesis is to provide the one of the first large-scale systematic investigations upon which …

… to Assess Lipreading, Audiovisual Gain, and Integration During Speech Reception With Cochlear-Implanted and Normal-Hearing Subjects Using a Talking Head
S Schreitmüller, M Frenken, L Bentz, M Ortmann… – Ear and …, 2018 – journals.lww.com
Objectives: Watching a talker’s mouth is beneficial for speech reception (SR) in many communication settings, especially in noise and when hearing is impaired. Measures for audiovisual (AV) SR can be valuable in the framework of diagnosing or treating hearing …

Talking about more than heads
M Wheeler – Creativity and Philosophy, 2018 – books.google.com
… about more than heads The embodied, embedded and extended creative mind Michael Wheeler Introduction: the path of creation In the opening paragraph of his fascinating book, How Music Works, the vocalist, guitarist, songwriter and former Talking Heads frontman David …

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