Smart Toilets


Smart toilets are a type of toilet that is equipped with advanced features and technology, such as automated flushing, heated seats, and bidet functionality. These features can be controlled manually by the user or automatically through sensors and other technology.

Smart toilets are often connected to the Internet of Things (IoT), which is a network of devices that are connected to the internet and can communicate with each other. This allows smart toilets to be controlled remotely and to share data with other devices. For example, a smart toilet might be able to track the user’s water usage and send that data to a smart home hub, which could then be used to monitor and optimize water usage throughout the home.

In addition to their advanced features and connectivity, smart toilets are often designed with user comfort and convenience in mind. For example, they may have automatic flushing and hands-free operation to reduce the need for physical contact and minimize the spread of germs. They may also have adjustable water pressure and temperature settings for the bidet function, as well as heated seats and drying capabilities.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a type of computer science that involves the creation of intelligent machines that can think and act like humans. In the context of smart toilets, AI can be used in a number of ways to improve the functionality and user experience of the toilet.

One way that AI is used in smart toilets is to optimize the flushing process. For example, smart toilets may use AI algorithms to analyze data from sensors and adjust the flushing power and duration based on the amount of waste in the toilet bowl. This can help to save water and energy by using the minimum amount of water necessary to effectively flush the toilet.

AI can also be used to personalize the user experience of smart toilets. For example, smart toilets may use AI algorithms to learn the user’s preferences and tailor the temperature, pressure, and other settings of the bidet function accordingly. They may also use AI to suggest additional features or functions based on the user’s usage patterns.

In addition to these applications, AI can be used in smart toilets to improve the overall efficiency and maintenance of the toilet. For example, smart toilets may use AI to detect and diagnose problems with the toilet’s plumbing or mechanical systems, and provide recommendations for repairs or maintenance.

Talking toilet experiments are studies that involve the use of technology to enable toilets to communicate with users in some way. These experiments may involve the use of voice recognition, artificial intelligence, or other technologies to allow toilets to interact with users in a more interactive and personalized way. Here are a few examples of talking toilet experiments:

  1. Voice recognition: Some talking toilet experiments have involved the use of voice recognition technology to allow toilets to understand and respond to verbal commands from users. For example, a user might be able to tell the toilet to flush, or to adjust the water temperature or pressure.
  2. Artificial intelligence: Other talking toilet experiments have used artificial intelligence (AI) to enable toilets to learn and adapt to the preferences and habits of individual users. For example, a toilet might be able to adjust the water temperature based on the user’s past preferences, or suggest personalized cleaning routines based on the user’s history.
  3. Personalized messaging: Some talking toilet experiments have involved the use of technology to allow toilets to display personalized messages or prompts to users. For example, a toilet might display a message reminding a user to wash their hands, or provide information about the importance of proper hand hygiene.
  4. Automatic flushing: Some talking toilet experiments have involved the use of sensors or other technology to enable toilets to flush automatically, without the need for user input. This can help to improve hygiene and reduce the risk of contamination.

There have been a number of experimental projects and prototypes involving “talking toilets” or toilets that are equipped with voice recognition technology and are able to communicate with users. Here are a few examples:

  1. In Japan, several companies have developed smart toilet prototypes that are equipped with voice assistants and can answer questions and provide information to users. For example, one prototype developed by Panasonic includes a voice assistant that can provide weather forecasts, news updates, and other information while the user is using the toilet.
  2. In the UK, a prototype “smart toilet” was developed that used voice recognition technology to allow users to request specific functions or customize the toilet’s settings. The toilet was also equipped with a speaker that could play music or other audio content while the user was using it.
  3. In the US, a company called Kohler has developed a smart toilet that includes a voice assistant called “Numi 2.0 Intelligent Toilet.” The voice assistant can be activated by a voice command or by pressing a button on the toilet’s control panel.



See also:

Smart Home Artificial IntelligenceSmart Mirror Artificial Intelligence

Evaluation of a smart toilet in an emergency camp
F Zakaria, J ?urko, A Muratbegovic, HA Garcia… – International journal of …, 2018 – Elsevier
An experimental prototype of the eSOS (emergency Sanitation Operation System) Smart Toilet ® was evaluated in an emergency settlement in the Philippines. The toilet was equipped …

Stool image analysis for precision health monitoring by smart toilets
J Zhou, N DeCapite, J McNabb… – Machine Learning …, 2021 –
… of smart toilets for the monitoring of bowel movement. In this paper, we present two functions for a smart-toilet … In this section, we provide an overview of the smart toilet system and …

IoT-inspired smart toilet system for home-based urine infection prediction
M Bhatia, S Kaur, SK Sood – ACM Transactions on Computing for …, 2020 –
… Inspired by the enormous potential of IoT technology, this research provides a framework for an IoT-based smart toilet system, which enables home-based determination of Urinary …

Development of the smart toilet equipment with measurements of physiological parameters
JJ Huang, SI Yu, HY Syu – 2012 9th International Conference …, 2012 –
… In this paper, we propose the smart toilet equipment which can measure several … the smart toilet device with a health management. The four electrodes mounted on the smart toilet seat …

A smart toilet for personalized health monitoring
XJ Wang, M Camilleri – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & …, 2020 –
A mountable ‘smart’ toilet system has been developed to personalize health monitoring. The system uses excretion data, including urinalysis, urodynamics, stool form and defecation …

User health information analysis with a urine and feces separable smart toilet system
JH Bae, HK Lee – Ieee Access, 2018 –
In this paper, the integration of Internet of Things (IoT) regarding recent technology is discussed in a healthcare perspective. Various healthcare devices have emerged in recent years, …

Smart toilet based on IoT
F Shaikh, F Shaikh, K Sayed, N Mittha… – 2019 3rd International …, 2019 –
In today’s world with the ever increasing growth in the population of India, the hygiene of our country is endangered. Our Prime Minister Sir Narendra Modi has introduced “Swach …

Strain Detection Based on Breath and Motion Features Obtained by a Force Sensor for Smart Toilet Systems
R Akaho, M Yoshioka – … of the IEEE/CVF Conference on …, 2022 –
… on a toilet seat for a smart toilet healthcare application. The … to be used as a smart toilet system to prevent blood pressure … a strain detection method for a smart toilet system. The paper …

Ultrasonic standing wave preparation of a liquid cell for glucose measurements in urine by midinfrared spectroscopy and potential application to smart toilets
N Yamamoto, N Kawashima, T Kitazaki… – … of biomedical optics, 2018 –
Smart toilets could be used to monitor different components of urine in daily life for early detection of lifestyle-related diseases and prompt provision of treatment. For analysis of …

Smart toilets for monitoring COVID-19 surges: passive diagnostics and public health
TJ Ge, CT Chan, BJ Lee, JC Liao, S Park – NPJ digital medicine, 2022 –
… In this commentary, we highlight potential strategies to use a smart toilet platform to passively monitor COVID-19 surges, enabling earlier detection of infected individuals and promoting …

Intelligent toilet system for non-invasive estimation of blood-sugar level from urine
P Ghosh, D Bhattacharjee, M Nasipuri – Irbm, 2020 – Elsevier
Background and Objectives Type-2 diabetes is one of the chronic diseases. This disease can be controlled by adjusting the dose of medicine, which is calculated from regular …

Urine odor detection by electronic nose for smart toilet application
P Choden, T Seesaard, U Dorji… – 2017 14th …, 2017 –
… And with smart devices getting integrated into our living environment, a smart toilet that could monitor the change in urine odor to indicate the health status through analysis of urine …

Deep Learning-driven Proactive Maintenance Management of IoT-empowered Smart Toilet
EWK See-To, XX Wang, KY Lee… – IEEE Internet of …, 2022 –
The recent proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) sensors has driven a myriad of industrial and urban applications. Through analyzing massive data collected by these sensors, the …

Developing a Smart Toilet System for ageing people and persons with disabilities
C Balaceanu, I Marcu, G Suciu, C Dantas… – Proceedings of the 6th …, 2019 –
… an approach for developing a smart toilet system for ageing … smart toilet development especially for senior population and those with different disabilities who need an intelligent toilet …

Design and analysis of an intelligent toilet wheelchair based on planar 2DOF parallel mechanism with coupling branch Chains
X Shi, H Lu, Z Chen – Sensors, 2021 –
Due to the fixed size of the structure or the possibility of only simple manual adjustment, the traditional toilet wheelchair cannot easily be adapted to the size of the user or the toilet. In …

Futuristic Technologies for Smart Toilets in Smart Cities
M Asnodkar, P Patil, N Bahadure… – International Journal of …, 2020 –
… that have been implemented in making of automatic and smart toilets have been discussed. This paper also considers energy conservation techniques that can be used in smart toilets. …

IoT technology for facilities management: understanding end user perception of the smart toilet
V Raendran, RK Ramasamy… – International …, 2020 –
… The Smart Toilet system featured in this paper is based on IoT … on individual end user perception of the Smart Toilet. A total of 124 … of the proposed Smart Toilet and the Smart Toilet app. …

Toilet lab: diagnostic tests on smart toilets?
P Ranjitkar – 2018 –
That being said, several aspects of smart toilets remain unknown or need arbitration. Will insurance cover the cost of the toilet? Are the tests waived? If so, what is the clinical and …

User acceptance of the eSOS® Smart Toilet in a temporary settlement in the Philippines
F Zakaria, YP Thye, CM Hooijmans… – Water Practice & …, 2017 –
An eSOS (emergency Sanitation Operation System) Smart Toilet experimental prototype, aimed at improving the provision of safe sanitation in emergency settings, was field tested in a …

A cognitive approach for design of smart toilet in healthcare units
MD Mohanty, MN Mohanty – Cognitive informatics and soft computing, 2019 – Springer
In this ultramodern era, there is an increase in demand of smart systems. It is quite observable that the bedridden patients face problems in defecating and urinating. Taking the …

Antenna Design of Millimeter Wave Radar for Smart Toilet
Y Yang, L Chi, Y Luo, A Qi, M Miao… – 2021 13th International …, 2021 –
… However, those traditional smart toilets comprehensive … To improve the detection accuracy and efficiency of smart toilets and … functions in such a millimeter wave system for smart toilet. …

Effectiveness of UV-C light irradiation on disinfection of an eSOS® smart toilet evaluated in a temporary settlement in the Philippines
F Zakaria, B Harelimana, J ?urko… – International journal …, 2016 – Taylor & Francis
Ultraviolet germicidal (short wavelength UV-C) light was studied as surface disinfectant in an Emergency Sanitation Operation System ® smart toilet to aid to the work of manual cleaning…

Smart toilet: threats and challenges identifying human presence using iot sensors
A Lokman, RK Ramasamy – … of the 3rd International Conference on Big …, 2019 –
This paper presents the design and implementation of an ultrasonic sensor and infrared sensor based on the presence of the human and the distance involved in the smart toilet, which …

Design of intelligent PID controller for smart toilet of CCU/ICU patients in healthcare systems
MD Mohanty, D Pattnaik, M Parida, S Mohanty… – … conference on intelligent …, 2019 – Springer
The necessity of a healthy environment is a major aspect in this modern age. Several trials have been made by multidisciplinary researchers for the development of a healthy …

The accuracy of Infrared sensor detection in a smart toilet
A Lokman, K Rajendran, RK Ramasamy – F1000Research, 2022 –
… when used in a smart toilet it has difficulty in detecting the orientation and position of the user’s body. The aim of this study was to design an IR sensor for a smart toilet with a more …

Stool Image Analysis for Digital Health Monitoring by Smart Toilets
J Zhou, J McNabb, N De Capite, JR Ruiz… – IEEE Internet of …, 2022 –
… Our group is developing a smart toilet that enables discreet imaging of … of smart toilets for the monitoring of GI health and disease. In this paper, we present two functions for a smart-toilet …

Research and analysis on the development of intelligent toilet
M Gong, K Li, T Tian, X Mao… – Journal of Physics …, 2020 –
… intelligent toilet development is 1990-1995, also known as the birth period of Chinese intelligent toilet, domestic intelligent toilet … history of China’s intelligent toilet. After 2015, domestic …

Smart toilets: Innovative prevention of fecal impaction in older adults
JE Rico III, KM Daniel – Gastroenterology Nursing, 2022 –
… Multiple implications exist among the development and use of smart toilets. Research studies would benefit from the use of monitoring capabilities of smart toilets to obtain accurate data …

Smart Toilets using BLE Beacon Technology
NR Mishra, PM Suri, S Chopra – 2018 3rd International …, 2018 –
With the advancement of microelectromechanical & wireless technologies for communication, Internet of Things sector has flourished at the worldwide platform and easy internet access …

Self-Monitoring and Detection of Diabetes with Smart Toilet based on Image Processing and K-Means Technique
L Syafaah, DF Azizah, IR Sofiani… – … on Automatic Control …, 2020 –
… The authors therefore developed a smart toilet for the … The smart toilet is installed with the camera and is designed … It can be observed that developed smart toilet is an option for …

Purity Sensor Activated Smart Toilet Flushing System
RM Atta – International Journal of Water Resources and Arid …, 2013 –
Toilet flushers are known for consuming almost one third of the water in buildings. This paper introduces a smart system to reduce the amount of toilet flushing water while keeping it …

Design and realization of smart toilet flushing water temperature performance detection system
H Zhang, S Sun, H Zhang – Third International Conference on …, 2022 –
… The flush temperature performance of smart toilets has a decisive impact on health and user … of existing smart toilet water temperature performance detector. An smart toilet water …

Proposal of ultrasonic-assisted mid-infrared spectroscopy for incorporating into daily life like smart-toilet and non-invasive blood glucose sensor
T Kitazaki, K Mori, N Yamamoto, C Wang… – … on Biomedical Optics, 2017 –
We proposed the extremely compact beans-size snap-shot mid-infrared spectroscopy that will be able to be built in smartphones. And also the easy preparation method of thin-film …

SMART TOILET: An IoT Implementation for Optimization of Resources
RK Ramasamy, V Rajendran, S Murthy – 2018 –
… This paper presents the implementation of an IoT in Smart Toilet for Optimization of Resources. Proposed an architecture shows how the development has been done. Two major things …

Unobtrusive and comprehensive health screening using an intelligent toilet system
T Schlebusch, W Fichtner, M Mertig… – Biomedical Engineering …, 2015 –
… In this paper, we are presenting an “intelligent toilet” performing an extensive health check while being as simple to use as a conventional toilet. The main focus of the system is to …

Smart toilet seat configuration for more autonomy using an AI-based 3D depth sensor
J Lumetzberger, P Mayer, M Kampel… – The 14th PErvasive …, 2021 –
Difficulties with appropriate access to public or semi-public toilets for older or disabled people lead to less participation in social activities within this group. We present a smart AI-based …

Smart Toilet Constructed under CSR: Study from Tamil Nadu
S Chatterjee – International Journal of Research …, 2019 –
… as Gramalaya has been promoting SMART toilets (S – Safe and … of Gramalaya by constructing SMART toilets were studied by the … It is also suggested that SMART toilet concept may be …

Smart Toilets and Toilet Gadgets in Sustainable Smart Cities: An Overview of Personal Health Monitoring
CC Mbonu, O Kilanko, MB Kilanko… – … in Biological, Petroleum …, 2022 – Springer
Healthcare as a service in most developed countries has advanced more than just electronic medical records (EMR), automated hospital experience, hospital information systems, and …

Intelligent Toilet Management System with Internet of Things Technology
WZ Cai, NS Chou, MF Tsai… – 2019 IEEE International …, 2019 –
Along with the blooming development and rapid change of Internet of Things technology, implementing its related application in everyday life can improve living quality. When people …

Analysis of methods for detecting seat temperature of smart toilet
F Liu, T Chen, M Tang, Q Yang – MEMAT 2022; 2nd …, 2022 –
… A total of 284 smart toilets were tested in this research, including 229 integrated products and 55 split products (also called smart toilet lids). The standards used in this study are shown …

A new solenoid valve application in smart toilet
W Zhu – Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2020 –
… part of smart toilet, which plays a very important role in smart toilet products. The influence of comprehensive performance for solenoid valve on the quality of smart toilet is detailed …

The Pre-Production Plans on Designing a Promotional Video for Project-based Language Learning: A Case Study with Smart Toilets
D Roy, H Kosai, K Takai – SHS Web of Conferences, 2021 –
… for smart products such as smart toilets, as argued in this … smart products such as a smart/intelligent toilet because it’s trendy, … Our future research on smart toilet promotional …

Indoor air quality monitoring for improvement of the environment in Smart Toilets
O Orza, F Constantin, A Negoita… – … on Engineering of …, 2021 –
… provide smart toilets … intelligent toilet system, especially for the elderly and persons with impairments, using cutting-edge technology. In addition to all of the advantages of this smart toilet…

An smart toilet integrated performance detection device combined with machine vision
P Feng, ZL Chen, T Chen, H Xu – Journal of Physics: Conference …, 2021 –
… The traditional smart toilet comprehensive detection device … accuracy and efficiency of smart toilets test, and overcome the … performance detection equipment for smart toilets in this paper…

? Fuzzy Model of Smart Toilet Bowl-Bidet System
Y Kim – Transactions on Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 2022 –
… the prediction of complex mass transfer behavior in smart toilet bidet systems?. ?The model is … of the smart toilet-bidet system?, ?many datasets are collected from a smart toilet bidet model …

Smart Toilet Dilengkapi Sistem Pemantauan Berbasis Website
MN Sari, A Rahmawati, S Widodo… – … Seminar Nasional NCIET, 2021 –
Pada umumnya, toilet di Indonesia masih menggunakan sistem manual. Terutama pada sistem penerangan dan saluran air. Penyalaan lampu dengan menggunakan saklar yang lupa …

An Enhance System Smart Toilet Based On Recycle Green Control
S Aryza, S Pratama, M Ikbal – INFOKUM, 2022 –
… Smart Toilet Equipped with a Website-Based Monitoring System, it can be concluded that the smart toilet … Smart toilets are equipped with a website-based monitoring system to monitor …

Improvement Of Smart Toilet System Based On Recycle Green Control
S Aryza, S Pratama, M Iqbal – … Conference Keputeraan Prof …, 2022 –
… Smart Toilet Equipped with a Website-Based Monitoring System, it can be concluded that the smart toilet … Smart toilets are equipped with a website-based monitoring system to monitor …

Smart toilets and managing natural disasters: designing cities of the future
Z Zhongming, L Linong, Y Xiaona, Z Wangqiang, L Wei – 2020 –
Imperial’s Enterprise Lab partnered with Tsinghua University’s x-lab in Beijing to hold the Innovating Smart Cities Hackathon 2020, a unique opportunity to collaborate across borders. …

Smart Toilet
P Baisamy, W Meier, J Marsà Bou, AJ Pries… – 2016 –
Treball desenvolupat dins el marc del programa’European Project Semester’. Abstract: Nowadays many of the current sensors in the market can be useful to determine body constants …

Research on Input Power Testing Technology of Smart Toilet
J Zhong – Journal of Electronic Research and Application, 2020 –
… Smart toilets have been frequently detected that the actual … measurement results of the smart toilet mainly depends on the … for the input power test of the smart toilet, and will improve the …

Improvement Design of Smart Toilet Interactions Based on Peak-End Rule
Y Wu, B Sun – Advanced Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering, 2019 – Springer
… Smart toilets, considered to have great potential for … interactions between human and smart toilet and based on peak-… the interactions between human and smart toilet, contributing to a …

Development Of A Smart Toilet For Automatic Flushing
R Dutta – 2016 –
… “Development of a Smart Toilet for Automatic Flushing” is an authentic record of our … WORKING OF SMART TOILET FOR AUTOMATIC FLUSHING … CHAPTER 4 WORKING OF …

Research on User Comfort of Intelligent Toilet Based on Ergonomics
Z Wang, H Wu, W Wei, L Luo, Y Zhang… – … Conference on Applied …, 2018 – Springer
… intelligent toilet based on ergonomics. This study focuses on the research method of ergonomics to explore the comfort design of the intelligent toilet … of the intelligent toilet from user …

A Smart Toilet Appliance that Detects the Lid Position and Automatically Flushes
J Liang – 2020 –
The group was tasked with creating a hands-free flushing mechanism due to COVID-19. The group used an Arduino to create a program to detect when the toilet lid was closed and …

Urine odor detection by electronic nose for smart toilet application
T Kerdcharoen – 2017 –
… And with smart devices getting integrated into our living environment, a smart toilet that could monitor the change in urine odor to indicate the health status through analysis of urine …

Futuristic IoT-Enabled Toilet Maintenance System to Avoid Disease Transmission at Public Toilets in Smart Cities
P Kumar, R Akshay, N Achha, K Sagar… – … Computing and Data …, 2022 –
… This paper presents the scheme for smart toilets by integrating public toilets with IoT devices such as sensors, liquid crystal display (LCD), light-emitting diode (LED), and a smart testing …

Disease Transmission Prevention at Public Toilets with IoT-Enabled Devices in Smart Cities
R Akshay, N Achha, P Kumar… – … on Electronics and …, 2022 –
… This paper presents the scheme for smart toilets by integrating public toilets with IoT devices such as sensors, liquid crystal display (LCD), light-emitting diode (LED), and a smart testing …

Artificial intelligence of toilet (AI-Toilet) for an integrated health monitoring system (IHMS) using smart triboelectric pressure sensors and image sensor
Z Zhang, Q Shi, T He, X Guo, B Dong, J Lee, C Lee – Nano Energy, 2021 – Elsevier
Smart toilet provides a feasible platform for the long-term analysis of person’s health. Common solutions for identification are based on camera or radio-frequency identification (RFID) …

Smart Public Toilet System for Saving Water and Electricity
VA Murtadak, SB Avhad, NM Nehe, SS Shinde… –
… In this they are presenting an intelligent toilet or the smart toilet which is an extensive health check while being as simple to use as a toilet. The main center of attention of the system is to …

Green Development and Self-Service Payment System of Intelligent Pet Public Toilet Based on Artificial Intelligence
B Wang, S Wang, S Gong, X Lyu… – Mobile Information Systems, 2022 –
… Whether it is home life or public health, Zhang [5] found that intelligent toilets have been … Li and Li [9] developed and evaluated a smart toilet used in emergency camps, and their toilet …

Social acceptance and willingness to pay for a smart Eco-toilet system producing a Community-based bioenergy in Korea
YS Eom, H Oh, J Cho, J Kim – Sustainable Energy Technologies and …, 2021 – Elsevier
… On the other hand, there has been ongoing research efforts of developing ‘smart toilets.’ This … The smart toilet automatically sends the health monitoring data to a cloud-based system, …

The Ambient Toilet (Intervention): Curtailing Open Defecation through Smart Architecture & Art
SI Makama, CO Agyeno –
It is alarming that in the 21st century open defecation is still a worldwide problem. Open defecation (OD) is a major health problem in many parts of the world. In Nigeria this is very …