Robot Dreams 2020


 

Patent US7328196 Architecture for multiple interacting robot intelligences (2008)

Richard Alan Peters II:

The links between behaviors are created by the SAN agent during task planning but may also be created by a dream agent during the dream state. The links are task dependent and different behaviors may be linked together depending on the assigned goal.

When the robot is tasked to achieve a goal the spreading activation network SAN agent constructs a sequence of behaviors that will take the robot from its current state to the goal state active map in the DBAM by back propagating from the goal state to the current state For each behavior added to the active map the SAN agent performs a search for behaviors that have a pre condition state close to the postcondition state of the added behavior and adds a link connecting the close behavior to the added behavior An activation term characterizing the link and based on the inverse vector space distance between the linked behaviors is also added to the added behavior The SAN agent may create several paths connecting the current state to the goal state.

A command context agent enables the robot to receive a goal defined task and to transition the robot between active mode dream mode and training mode.

During periods of mechanical inactivity when not performing or learning a task or when the current task does not use the full processing capabilities of the robot the robot may transition to a dream state While in the dream state the robot modifies or creates new behaviors based on its most recent activities and creates new scenarios behavior sequences never before executed by the robot for possible execution during future activity.

Each time the robot dreams the dream agent analyzes R t for the recent active period since the last dream state by identifying episode boundaries and episodes Each recent episode is first compared to existing behaviors in the DBAM to confirm if the recent episode is another instance of the existing behavior The comparison may be based on the average distance or end point distances between the recent episode and the existing behavior or any other like criteria If the episode is close to the behavior the behavior may be modified to account for the new episode.

If the episode is distinct from the existing behaviors the dream agent creates a new behavior based on the episode and finds and creates links to the nearest behaviors The default activation link to the nearest existing behaviors may be based in part on the number of episodes represented in the exemplar behavior such that a new behavior generated from a single episode may be assigned a smaller activation value than behaviors generated from many episodes The new behavior is added to the DBAM for possible future execution.

If a robot is limited to behavior sequences learned only through teleoperation or other known training techniques the robot may not be able to respond to a new situation In a preferred embodiment a dream agent is activated during periods of mechanical inactivity and creates new plausible behavior sequences that may allow the robot during its active state to react purposefully and positively to contingencies never before experienced The dream agent randomly selects a pairs of behaviors from the DBAM and computes the end point distances between the selected behaviors The endpoint distances are the distances between the pre condition state of one behavior and the post condition state of the other behavior The distance may be a vector distance or any appropriate measure known to one of skill in the art If the computed distance is less than a cut off distance the preceding behavior the behavior with the post condition state close to the succeeding behavior’s pre-condition state is modified to include a link to the succeeding behavior.

The robots of Pfeifer and Cohen must be trained to identify episodes that lead to the accomplishment of a task The training usually involves an external handler that observes and rewards robot behaviors that advance the robot through the completion of the task The robot either makes a random move or a best estimate move and receives positive or negative feedback from the handler depending on whether the move advances the robot toward the goal This move feed back cycle must be repeated for each step toward the goal The advantage of such a training program is that robot learns both actions that lead toward a goal and actions that do not accomplish a goal The disadvantage of such a system is that the training time is very long because in addition to learning how to accomplish a task the robot learns many more methods not accomplishing a task.

A more efficient method of learning a task is to teach the robot only the tasks required to accomplish a goal Instead allowing the robot to make random moves the robot is guided through the completion of the task by an external handler via teleoperation During teleoperation the handler controls all actions of the robot while the robot records the state sensor and actuator information of the robot during the teleoperation The task is repeated several times under slightly differ ent conditions to allow the formation of episode clusters for later analysis After one or more training trials the robot is placed in the dream state where the recorded state information is analyzed by the robot to identify episodes episode boundaries and to create exemplar episodes for each episode cluster.

 

Notes:

  • Dream-like
  • Dream agent
  • Dream architecture
  • Dream mode
  • Robot dream (dreams, dreaming, daydream, daydreams, reverie, reveries)
  • Robots dream (dreams, dreaming, daydream, daydreams, reverie, reveries)
  • Robotic dream (dreams, dreaming, daydream, daydreams, reverie, reveries)
  • Robotics dream (dreams, dreaming, daydream, daydreams, reverie, reveries)

Wikipedia:

References:

See also:

Computational Dreaming | Daydreaming Machines | Robopsychology


Do robots dream of escaping? Narrativity and ethics in Alex Garland’s Ex-Machina and Luke Scott’s Morgan
I Kaminsky – AI & SOCIETY, 2021 – Springer
Abstract Ex-Machina (2014) and Morgan (2016), two recent science-fiction films that deal with the creation of humanoids, also explored the relationship between artificial intelligence (AI), spatiality and the lingering question mark regarding artificial consciousness. In both …

Do Robots Dream of Digital Buildings?
N Leach – Architectural Intelligence, 2020 – Springer
Abstract The movie Blade Runner (1982), directed by Ridley Scott, is based on the novel by Philip K Dick, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? It depicts a dystopian future world involving “replicants”—bio-engineered robots—manufactured by the Tyrrell Corporation to …

The Overfitted Brain: Dreams evolved to assist generalization
E Hoel – arXiv preprint arXiv:2007.09560, 2020 – arxiv.org
Page 1. The Overfitted Brain: Dreams evolved to assist generalization Erik Hoel ?1 1Allen Discovery Center, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA July 21, 2020 Abstract Understanding of the evolved biological function of NREM …

On the utility of dreaming: A general model for how learning in artificial agents can benefit from data hallucination
D Windridge, H Svensson, S Thill – Adaptive Behavior, 2020 – journals.sagepub.com
We consider the benefits of dream mechanisms – that is, the ability to simulate new experiences based on past ones – in a machine learning context. Specifically, we are interested in learning for a…

Face Memorization Using AIM Model for Mobile Robot and Its Application to Name Calling Function
M Mikawa, H Chen, M Fujisawa – Sensors, 2020 – mdpi.com
… Specifically, the execution frequencies of processes for external sensors decrease, and the re-training process begins to be executed just as though the robot dreams. Last, when the robot detects a person again, it wakes up by the operation of the AIM model …

Introduction: Is the Robotic Future Open (for Knitting)?
P Treusch – Robotic Knitting, 2021 – degruyter.com
… interdisciplinary knowledge, and needlework. This book centrally builds on the experience of conducting research in, and on the resulting findings of, the interdisciplinary project Do Robots Dream of Knitting? Re-Coding Human …

Robotic Knitting: Re-Crafting Human-Robot Collaboration Through Careful Coboting
P Treusch – 2020 – books.google.com
… interdisciplinary knowledge, and needlework. This book centrally builds on the experience of conducting research in, and on the resulting findings of, the interdisciplinary project Do Robots Dream of Knitting? Re-Coding Human …

Robot Consciousness
S Ripley – 2020 – psyarxiv.com
… watch and wait. Does it begin to philosophize about minds existing in addition to bodies, like Descartes? Does it dream, as in Isaac Asimov’s Robot Dreams? Does it express emotion, like Rachel in Blade Runner? Can it readily …

Robotics and Social Care: The effects of introduction of robotics to social care
G Muluka-Wesseh – 2021 – theseus.fi
Page 1. Gloria Akola Muluka-Wesseh Robotics and Social care The Effects of Introduction of Robotics to Social Care Metropolia University of Applied Sciences Master of Sciences Health Business Management Master’s Thesis in Social studies December 2020 Page 2. Abstract …

Weaving together: Human-robot-relations of basketry and knitting
C Hasse, P Treusch – The Material Culture of Basketry: Practice …, 2020 – books.google.com
… This could then become the point of departure for leaving behind a discrete and digital approach to embodiment and learning in robotics. Becoming an affiliated human to PANDA: learning collaboratively to knit anew In the project Do robots dream of knitting …

Diabetes management experience of middle?aged persons with type 1 diabetes
HE Seo, M Kim, S Choi – Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 2021 – Wiley Online Library
… of type 1 diabetes”, “control of one’s mindset regarding diabetes management despite a limited scope of activity”, and “accepting ownership of self?management and continued management to the best of one’s ability.” A core theme was “living silently like robots dreaming of true …

Neural fidelity warping for efficient robot morphology design
S Hu, Z Yang, G Mori – arXiv preprint arXiv:2012.04195, 2020 – arxiv.org
… Page 7. REFERENCES [1] R. Brooks, “From robot dreams to reality,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6799, pp. 945–947, 2000. [2] K. Swersky, J. Snoek, and RP Adams, “Multi-task bayesian optimization,” in Advances in neural information processing systems, 2013, pp. 2004–2012 …

Robotic Knitting
P Treusch – Robotic Knitting, 2021 – degruyter.com
… interdisciplinary knowledge, and needlework. This book centrally builds on the experience of conducting research in, and on the resulting findings of, the interdisciplinary project Do Robots Dream of Knitting? Re-Coding Human …

What Is Robotics? Why Do We Need It and How Can We Get It?
DE Koditschek – Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous … – annualreviews.org
Page 1. AS04CH15_Koditschek ARjats.cls December 23, 2020 16:51 Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems What Is Robotics? Why Do We Need It and How Can We Get It? Daniel E. Koditschek Department …

Robotic Episodic Cognitive Learning Inspired by Hippocampal Spatial Cells
Q Zou, M Cong, D Liu, Y Du… – IEEE Robotics and …, 2020 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… Auton. Mental Develop., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–16, Mar. 2012. [24] TD Kelley, “Robotic dreams: A computational justification for the posthoc processing of episodicmemories,” Int. J. Mach. Consciousness, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 109–123, Dec. 2014 …

Robot Consciousness: Physics and Metaphysics Here and Abroad
S Ripley – 2020 – techrxiv.org
… watch and wait. Does it begin to philosophize about minds existing in addition to bodies, like Descartes? Does it dream, as in Isaac Asimov’s Robot Dreams? Does it express emotion, like Rachel in Blade Runner? Can it readily …

Technological Progress in the Works of Isaac Asimov and Philip K. Dick
Š Št?pánková – 2021 – dk.upce.cz
… The stories were published in several compilations, the first one being I, Robot (1950), followed by titles such as The Rest of the Robots (1964), The Complete Robot (1982), Robot Dreams (1986) and Robot Visions (1990). In …

Towards Hallucinating Machines
M del Campo, A Carlson, S Manninger – researchgate.net
… Page 25. 11: see also the section: Learning Architecture features 12: See for example Leach N., Do Robots Dream of Digital Sheep? Proceeding of the 2019 ACADIA Conference, Ubiquity and Autonomy 13: Simonyan, Karen, and Andrew Zisserman …

Architectural Intelligence
PF Yuan, M Xie, N Leach, J Yao, X Wang – Springer
… Humans? Arti fi cial Intelligence in Architecture….. 15 Antoine Picon An Architecture for Cyborg Super-Society….. 31 Patrik Schumacher and Xuexin Duan Do Robots Dream of Digital Buildings?…. 59 Neil …

How to Catch an AI Zombie
S Schneider – Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, 2020 – books.google.com
… Because a conscious being’s primary sense of consciousness comes from first-person expe- rience, it seems plausible that clever testing strategies could enable one to convey first-person experience to others. Here, Isaac Asimov’s tale “Robot Dreams” is illustrative …

Coding the Law of Armed Conflict: First Steps
A Deeks – 2020 – papers.ssrn.com
… and real-time operating systems status updates provided to commanders”). 5 Lisa Shay, Woodrow Hartzog, John Nelson & Gregory Conti, Do Robots Dream of Electric Law? An Experiment in the Law as Algorithm, in ROBOT …

ASTRAS: a software for the assessment and training of executive functions in children
R Nappo, MIF Somma – 2020 – researchgate.net
… In this task, children have to choose the correct battery: if the robot dreams an empty geometrical figure the correct battery is the one with the same figure; if the robot dreams a colored geometrical figure the correct battery is the one with the same color …

The Robot Economy: Here It Comes
M Arduengo, L Sentis – International Journal of Social Robotics, 2020 – Springer
Automation is not a new phenomenon, and questions about its effects have long followed its advances. More than a half-century ago, US President Lyndon B. J.

Body Hopping: A Thought Experiment
A Martin – Journal of Asia-Pacific Pop Culture, 2020 – JSTOR
… space. That dream-body also happens to be a rather clunky 1950s-style robot. The robot dream- body is my mirror-body; or so I assume to begin with. I realize that if, in my bed, I move my left hand, the robot moves its left hand …

Editorial Ethics in Code Programming and Deep Artificial Intelligence Algorithms (IAp)
JLG Vigil – Journal of Biology and Today’s World, 2020 – iomcworld.org
… 491.11(2017): 11. “Barcelona Declaration for the Adequate Development and Use of Artificial Intelligence in Europe.” (2020). García-Vigil, JL “Reflections and conjetures around the development of Artificial Inteligence.” Do Robots Dream. (2020) …

Ethical encounters
KS Gill – 2021 – Springer
… Inbar Kaminsky, in ‘Do Robots Dream of Escaping?’ (this volume), addresses the dilemma of whether or not the humanoids in films, Ex-Machina and Morgan, possess high levels of artificial consciousness and consequences of focalization …

Automation, stagnation, and the implications of a robot tax
E Gasteiger, K Prettner – 2020 – econstor.eu
Page 1. econstor Make Your Publications Visible. A Service of zbwLeibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Leibniz Information Centre for Economics Gasteiger, Emanuel; Prettner, Klaus Working Paper Automation, stagnation, and the implications of a robot tax ECON WPS, No …

Commercial Interests in Outer Space
L Dawson – The Politics and Perils of Space Exploration, 2021 – Springer
This chapter discusses the new and exciting era of commercial space efforts. The status of the American space program and where it is headed in the future is explained in terms of how NASA interacts…

Communication Using Light Fidelity For Automated and Efficient Parking of Vehicles
R Basak, A Bandyopadhayay, I Pal… – 2020 4th International …, 2020 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… on robotics and automation , vol. 10, no. 5, October 1994. [5] H. Miyata, M. Ohki, Y. Yokouchi and M. Ohkita, “Control of the autonomous mobile robot Dream-1 for a parallel parking”, Math & Comp. in Simulation , vol. 41, no. 1-2, pp. 129-138, 1996 …

Personhood Revisited
B Nassif – Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Theologia Orthodoxa, 2020 – journals.orth.ro
Page 1. SUBBTO 65, no. 2 (2020): 27-43 DOI:10.24193/subbto.2020.2.02 PERSONHOOD REVISITED: IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMANOIDS BASSAM NASSIF1 ABSTRACT. Technological innovations in Artificial Intelligence have …

Complex Cognitive Systems and Their Unconscious. Related Inspired Conjectures for Artificial Intelligence
G Minati – Future Internet, 2020 – mdpi.com
The aim of the article is to propose a conceptual framework, constructs, and conjectures to act as a guide for future, related research finalized to design and implement versions of Artificial Intelligence encompassing an artificially simulated unconscious suitable for human-like artificial …

Afterword—A Note on Other Areas in Relation with AI
P Marquis, O Papini, H Prade – of Artificial Intelligence Research 3Interfaces – Springer
… Champ Vallon, pp 186–205 Borillo M (ed)(2010) Dans l’atelier de l’art: expériences cognitives. Champ Valon Brooks RA (2000) Artificial life: From robot dreams to reality. Nature 406: 945–947 Brooks RA (2001) The relationship between matter and life …

The Knitter in the Lab
P Treusch – Robotic Knitting, 2021 – degruyter.com
Page 1. Chapter 1: The Knitter in the Lab Becoming Sand in the Gearbox To challenge the idea of one coherent robotic future is a technofeminist in- tervention into the idea of linear technological progress. I understand such …

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Formation and the Development of the Law
S Lafrance – Vietnamese Journal of Legal Sciences, 2020 – content.sciendo.com
… That said, artificial intelligence is generally associated to Alan Turing, who prepared the ground for thinking about this issue in the 1950s: Valère Ndior, “Les robots rêvent-ils d’un statut juridique?” [Do Robots Dream of a Legal Status?], Entertainment – journal européen et …

Future Reckoning: Calculating Devices in the Golden Age of Science Fiction
RA James – Available at SSRN, 2020 – papers.ssrn.com
… ed.). 11. Isaac Asimov, Second Foundation (New York: Gnome Press, 1953). 12. Isaac Asimov, “The Feeling of Power,” in If… (February 1958), republished in Robot Dreams (New York: Berkley Books, 1986). 13. Arthur C. Clarke …

On Hybridity in Puppetry: Material ontologies
M Wi?niewska – Performance Research, 2020 – Taylor & Francis
… Meinhardt’s explorations of hybrid human and media performing objects – combining body-on-stage, marionettes and digital images – also featured in her performances ROOM (Meinhardt & Krauss, 2012) and Robot Dreams (2017) …

When machines think for us: the consequences for work and place
J Clifton, A Glasmeier, M Gray – 2020 – academic.oup.com
Abstract. The relationship between technology and work, and concerns about the displacement effects of technology and the organisation of work, have a long hist.

Conscious AI at the Edge of Chaos
P Bo?tu? – Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness, 2020 – World Scientific
… learned from biology? Theory Psychol. 13(6), 847À860. Kelley, TD [2014] Robotic dreams: A computational justi¯cation for the post-hoc processing of episodic memories, Int. J. Mach. Conscious. 6(2), 109À123. Langton, C. [1990 …

Digital recruitment of innovative project teams’ leaders based on genetic algorithms
EE Kovshov, VS Kuvshinnikov… – IOP Conference Series …, 2021 – iopscience.iop.org
… 37 (3) 63–7 [15] Koza J 2010 Human-competitive results produced by genetic programming Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines 11 (3-4) 251–84 [16] National science Foundation Press release (National Science Foundation) 2009 Maybe Robots Dream of Electric …

Legal Reviews of War Algorithms
T Vestner, A Rossi – International Law Studies, 2021 – digital-commons.usnwc.edu
Page 1. Published by the Stockton Center for International Law ISSN 2375-2831 Legal Reviews of War Algorithms Tobias Vestner and Altea Rossi 97 INT’L L. STUD. 509 (2021) Volume 97 2021 Page 2. Legal Reviews of War Algorithms Vol. 97 509 …

Will the” Legal Singularity” Hollow out Law’s Normative Core?
RF Weber – Mich. Tech. L. Rev., 2020 – HeinOnline
Page 1. WILL THE “LEGAL SINGULARITY” HOLLOW OUT LAW’S NORMATIVE CORE? Robert F. Weber* ABSTRACT: This Article undertakes a critical examination of the unintended consequences for the legal system if we …

Sociophonetic perspectives on stylistic diversity in speech research
L Hall-Lew, Z Boyd – Linguistics Vanguard, 2020 – degruyter.com
… are monologic tasks. For the former, participants narrate from a wordless picture book (Robot Dreams; Varon 2007). For the latter, participants describe the plot of a short silent film (The Pear Story; Chafe 1980). These tasks …

Can Algorithms Promote Fair Use?
PK Yu – FIU Law Review, 2020 – papers.ssrn.com
… professional assumptions of program developers, as well as various private business incentives.”). See generally Lisa A. Shay et al., Do Robots Dream of Electric Laws? An Experiment in the Law as Algorithm, in ROBOT LAW, supra, at …

“Just Being Us”—Secrecy, Authenticity and Identity in The Americans
AN García, P Castrillo – Quarterly Review of Film and Video, 2020 – Taylor & Francis
… A poignant example of such drastic measures is seen in “Do Mail Robots Dream of Electric Sheep?” (3.9.), when Elizabeth forces an octogenarian bookkeeper to commit suicide because she happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time …

What we talk about when we talk about new media: digital subjectivity and Tao Lin’s Taipei
CJ Sheu – Textual Practice, 2020 – Taylor & Francis
… 2 Fredric Brown, ‘Answer’, in Angels and Spaceships (London: New English Library, 1962), p. 26. 3 Isaac Asimov, ‘The Last Question’, in Robot Dreams (New York, NY: Ace Books, 1990), pp. 234–46. 4 Ibid., p. 245. 5 Ibid., p. 246. Emphasis in original …

Automation and Its Macroeconomic Consequences: Theory, Evidence, and Social Impacts
K Prettner, DE Bloom – 2020 – books.google.com
… html.. Accessed 11.05.19. National Science Foundation (2009). Maybe robots dream of electric sheep, but can they do sci- ence? Press release. Retrieved from ,https://www.nsf.gov/news/ news_summ.jsp? cntn_id5 114495.. Accessed 01.01.18. Prettner, K., & Strulik, H. (2020) …

Artificial Intelligence, the Law-Machine Interface, and Fair Use Automation
PK Yu – Alabama Law Review, 2020 – papers.ssrn.com
Page 1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, THE LAW–MACHINE INTERFACE, AND FAIR USE AUTOMATION Peter K. Yu …

Interface, And Fair Use Automation
KY Peter – ALABAMA LAW REVIEW – law.ua.edu
Page 1. 8CE27804-BB25-428A-BE50-16224798167C.DOCX (DO NOT DELETE) 11/5/2020 9:21 PM 187 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, THE LAW–MACHINE INTERFACE, AND FAIR USE AUTOMATION Peter K. Yu …

Intertextual design: the hidden stories of Atari women
P Bjørn, DK Rosner – Human–Computer Interaction, 2021 – Taylor & Francis
“Are they all mostly Dave? I’ll just call everybody Dave” (Dona Bailey voice in cut scene no. 1, Remixed Pac-man, AtariWomen.org) Public narratives of computing often render its gender problems ine…

The Reasonableness Machine
B Sheppard – Boston College Law Review, Forthcoming, 2020 – papers.ssrn.com
Page 1. 1 THE REASONABLENESS MACHINE, forthcoming BCL Rev. (DRAFT-Please contact author before citing) THE REASONABLENESS MACHINE Brian Sheppard TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION….. 2 II …

What benefits, or what misfortunes to mankind may hereafter result from
A SMITH – The Postmodern Adventure: Science Technology and …, 2020 – books.google.com
Page 212. 5 GLOBALIZATION AND THE RESTRUCTURING OF CAPITAL What benefits, or what misfortunes to mankind may hereafter result from these events [eg, colonization and the expansion of the world market), no human wisdom can foresee …

Criticism Of Contemporary Art Initiatives In Arts From Feminist Stanpoint Theory: The Case Of Ankara/Turkey
M AKBIYIK – 2020 – etd.lib.metu.edu.tr
Page 1. CRITICISM OF CONTEMPORARY ART INITIATIVES IN ARTS FROM FEMINIST STANPOINT THEORY: THE CASE OF ANKARA / TURKEY A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES OF MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY …

Toward Automated Enforcement of Radio Interference
P Bustamante, D Das, JS Rose, M Gomez… – Available at SSRN …, 2020 – papers.ssrn.com
Page 1. Toward Automated Enforcement of Radio Interference Pedro J. Bustamante School of Computing and Information University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA Email: pjb63@pitt.edu Debarun Das School of Computing and …

(Visited 203 times, 1 visits today)