Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach


Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach (2016) .. by Roman V. Yampolskiy


Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Author

AI-Completeness: The Problem Domain of Superintelligent Machines

Introduction
The Theory of AI-Completeness

Definitions
Turing Test as the First AI-Complete Problem
Reducing Other Problems to a TT
Other Probably AI-Complete Problems

First AI-Hard Problem: Programming
Beyond AI-Completeness
Conclusions
References

The Space of Mind Designs and the Human Mental Model

Introduction
Infinitude of Minds
Size, Complexity, and Properties of Minds
Space of Mind Designs
A Survey of Taxonomies
Mind Cloning and Equivalence Testing
Across Substrates
Conclusions
References

How to Prove You Invented Superintelligence So No One Else Can Steal It

Introduction and Motivation
Zero Knowledge Proof
Captcha
AI-Completeness
Supercaptcha
Conclusions
References

Wireheading, Addiction, and Mental Illness in Machines

Introduction
Wireheading in Machines

Sensory Illusions: A Form of Indirect Wireheading

Potential Solutions to the Wireheading Problem
Perverse Instantiation
Conclusions and Future Work
References

On the Limits of Recursively Self-Improving Artificially Intelligent Systems

Introduction
Taxonomy of Types of Self-Improvement
On the Limits of Recursively Self-Improving Artificially Intelligent Systems
Analysis
RSI Convergence Theorem
Conclusions
References

Singularity Paradox and What to Do About It

Introduction to the Singularity Paradox
Methods Proposed For Dealing with SP

Prevention from Development
Restricted Deployment
Incorporation into Society
Self-Monitoring
Indirect Solutions

Analysis of Solutions
Future Research Directions
Conclusions
References

Superintelligence Safety Engineering

Ethics and Intelligent Systems
Artificial Intelligence Safety Engineering
Grand Challenge
Artificial General Intelligence Research is Unethical
Robot Rights
Conclusions
References

Artificial Intelligence Confinement Problem (and Solution)

Introduction

Artificial Intelligence Confinement Problem

Hazardous Software
Critique of the Confinement Approach
Possible Escape Paths

Social Engineering Attacks
System Resource Attacks
Beyond Current Physics Attacks
Pseudoscientific Attacks
External Causes of Escape
Information In-Leaking

Critique of the AI-Boxing Critique
Countermeasures against Escape

Preventing Social Engineering Attacks
Preventing System Resource Attacks and Future Threat
Preventing External Causes of Escape
Preventing Information In-Leaking

AI Communication Security
How to Safely Communicate With a Superintelligence
Conclusions and Future Work
References

Efficiency Theory: A Unifying Theory for Information, Computation, and Intelligence

Introduction
Efficiency Theory
Information and Knowledge
Intelligence and Computation
Time and Space
Compressibility and Randomness
Oracles and Undecidability
Intractable and Tractable
Conclusions and Future Directions
References

Controlling the Impact of Future Superintelligence

Why I Wrote This Book
Machine Ethics Is a Wrong Approach
Can the Problem Be Avoided?
References

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