Search Snippets


Notes:

Search snippets are web page annotations for displaying search results in a visually appealing manner. Search snippets are a scheme to effectively handle user keyword search, which employs syntactic structures (verb-object pairs) to identify latent user goals.

  • Web snippets

See also:

Sentence Boundary Disambiguation & Dialog Systems | Sentence Extraction Module | Sentence Extractor | Sentence Generation Module | Sentence Grammaticality | Sentence Parsers & Dialog Systems | Sentence Patterns & Dialog Systems | Sentence Recognizer


A personalized search engine based on Web-snippet hierarchical clustering
P Ferragina, A Gulli – Software: Practice and Experience, 2008 – Wiley Online Library
We propose a (meta?) search engine, called SnakeT (SNippet Aggregation for Knowledge ExtracTion), which queries more than 18 commodity search engines and offers two complementary views on their returned results. One is the classical flat?ranked list, the other …

Visual snippets: summarizing web pages for search and revisitation
J Teevan, E Cutrell, D Fisher, SM Drucker… – Proceedings of the …, 2009 – dl.acm.org
People regularly interact with different representations of Web pages. A person looking for new information may initially find a Web page represented as a short snippet rendered by a search engine. When he wants to return to the same page the next day, the page may …

Query biased snippet generation in XML search
Y Huang, Z Liu, Y Chen – Proceedings of the 2008 ACM SIGMOD …, 2008 – dl.acm.org
Snippets are used by almost every text search engine to complement ranking scheme in order to effectively handle user searches, which are inherently ambiguous and whose relevance semantics are difficult to assess. Despite the fact that XML is a standard …

Measuring semantic similarity between words by removing noise and redundancy in web snippets
Z Xu, X Luo, J Yu, W Xu – Concurrency and Computation …, 2011 – Wiley Online Library
Semantic similarity measures play important roles in many Web?related tasks such as Web browsing and query suggestion. Because taxonomy?based methods can not deal with continually emerging words, recently Web?based methods have been proposed to solve this …

Superficial method for extracting social network for academics using web snippets
MKM Nasution, SA Noah – International Conference on Rough Sets and …, 2010 – Springer
Social network analysis (SNA) has become one of the main themes in the Semantic Web agenda. The use of web is steadily gaining ground in the study of social networks. Few researchers have shown the possibility of extracting social network from the Web via search  …

Snippet generation for semantic web search engines
T Penin, H Wang, T Tran, Y Yu – Asian Semantic Web Conference, 2008 – Springer
With the development of the Semantic Web, more and more ontologies are available for exploitation by semantic search engines. However, while semantic search engines support the retrieval of candidate ontologies, the final selection of the most appropriate ontology is …

Similarity preserving snippet-based visualization of web search results
E Gomez-Nieto, F San Roman… – IEEE transactions on …, 2014 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Internet users are very familiar with the results of a search query displayed as a ranked list of snippets. Each textual snippet shows a content summary of the referred document (or web page) and a link to it. This display has many advantages, eg, it affords easy navigation and …

eXtract: a snippet generation system for XML search
Y Huang, Z Liu, Y Chen – Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, 2008 – dl.acm.org
Snippets are used by almost every text search engine to complement ranking schemes in order to effectively handle user keyword search. Despite the fact that XML is a standard representation format of web data, research on generating result snippets for XML search  …

Pseudo-relevance feedback and statistical query expansion for web snippet generation
Y Ko, H An, J Seo – Information Processing Letters, 2008 – donga.ac.kr
A (page or web) snippet is a document excerpt allowing a user to understand if a document is indeed relevant without accessing it. This paper proposes an effective snippet generation method. A statistical query expansion approach with pseudo-relevance feedback and text …

SWIM: Synthesizing What I Mean-Code Search and Idiomatic Snippet Synthesis
M Raghothaman, Y Wei… – … Engineering (ICSE), 2016 …, 2016 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Modern programming frameworks come with large libraries, with diverse applications such as for matching regular expressions, parsing XML files and sending email. Programmers often use search engines such as Google and Bing to learn about existing APIs. In this …

GTE: a distributional second-order co-occurrence approach to improve the identification of top relevant dates in web snippets
R Campos, G Dias, A Jorge, C Nunes – Proceedings of the 21st ACM …, 2012 – dl.acm.org
In this paper, we present an approach to identify top relevant dates in Web snippets with respect to a given implicit temporal query. Our approach is two-fold. First, we propose a generic temporal similarity measure called GTE, which evaluates the temporal similarity …

Improving web search using image snippets
XB Xue, ZH Zhou, ZM Zhang – ACM Transactions on Internet Technology …, 2008 – dl.acm.org
The Web has become the largest information repository in the world; thus, effectively and efficiently searching the Web becomes a key challenge. Interactive Web search divides the search process into several rounds, and for each round the search engine interacts with the …

RDF snippets for Semantic Web search engines
X Bai, R Delbru, G Tummarello – … Conferences” On the Move to Meaningful …, 2008 – Springer
Recently, there has been interest in ranking the resources and generating corresponding expressive descriptions from the Semantic Web. This paper proposes an approach for automatically generating snippets from RDF documents and assisting users in better …

Search snippet evaluation at yandex: lessons learned and future directions
D Savenkov, P Braslavski, M Lebedev – International Conference of the …, 2011 – Springer
In this paper, we present a Wikipedia-based approach to query expansion for the task of image retrieval, by combining salient encyclopaedic concepts with the picturability of words. Our model generates the expanded query terms in a definite two-stage process instead of …

Semantically driven snippet selection for supporting focused web searches
I Varlamis, S Stamou – Data & Knowledge Engineering, 2009 – Elsevier
Millions of people access the plentiful web content to locate information that is of interest to them. Searching is the primary web access method for many users. During search, the users visit a web search engine and use an interface to specify a query (typically comprising a few …

Disambiguating implicit temporal queries by clustering top relevant dates in web snippets
R Campos, AM Jorge, G Dias, C Nunes – … Joint Conferences on Web …, 2012 – dl.acm.org
With the growing popularity of research in Temporal Information Retrieval (T-IR), a large amount of temporal data is ready to be exploited. The ability to exploit this information can be potentially useful for several tasks. For example, when querying” Football World Cup …

Using web snippets and query-logs to measure implicit temporal intents in queries
R Campos, G Dias, A Jorge – 2011 – repositorio.inesctec.pt
Understanding the user’s temporal intent by means of query formulation is a particular hard task that can become even more difficult if the user is not clear in his purpose. For example, a user who issues the query Lady Gaga may wish to find the official web site of this popular …

unimelb: Topic modelling-based word sense induction for web snippet clustering
JH Lau, P Cook, T Baldwin – Second Joint Conference on Lexical and …, 2013 – aclweb.org
This paper describes our system for Task 11 of SemEval-2013. In the task, participants are provided with a set of ambiguous search queries and the snippets returned by a search engine, and are asked to associate senses with the snippets. The snippets are then …

What snippets say about pages in federated web search
T Demeester, D Nguyen, D Trieschnigg… – Asia Information …, 2012 – Springer
What is the likelihood that a Web page is considered relevant to a query, given the relevance assessment of the corresponding snippet? Using a new federated IR test collection that contains search results from over a hundred search engines on the internet …

Creating temporally dynamic web search snippets
KM Svore, J Teevan, ST Dumais… – Proceedings of the 35th …, 2012 – dl.acm.org
Content on the Internet is always changing. We explore the value of biasing search result snippets towards new webpage content. We present results from a user study comparing traditional query-focused snippets with snippets that emphasize new page content for two …

DeepPurple: Estimating sentence semantic similarity using n-gram regression models and web snippets
N Malandrakis, E Iosif, A Potamianos – … of the First Joint Conference on …, 2012 – dl.acm.org
We estimate the semantic similarity between two sentences using regression models with features: 1) n-gram hit rates (lexical matches) between sentences, 2) lexical semantic similarity between non-matching words, and 3) sentence length. Lexical semantic similarity …

JCSSE: Java code snippet search engine
P Tantikul – 2011 – search.proquest.com
Searching the web for source code has become a key activity during software development. It is common for programmers to look for a” snippet,” that is a small piece of example code, to remind themselves of how to solve a problem or to quickly learn about a new resource …

Improving XML search by generating and utilizing informative result snippets
Z Liu, Y Huang, Y Chen – ACM Transactions on Database Systems …, 2010 – dl.acm.org
Snippets are used by almost every text search engine to complement the ranking scheme in order to effectively handle user searches, which are inherently ambiguous and whose relevance semantics are difficult to assess. Despite the fact that XML is a standard …

Snippet-based relevance predictions for federated web search
T Demeester, D Nguyen, D Trieschnigg… – … on Information Retrieval, 2013 – Springer
How well can the relevance of a page be predicted, purely based on snippets? This would be highly useful in a Federated Web Search setting where caching large amounts of result snippets is more feasible than caching entire pages. The experiments reported in this paper …

Web snippets clustering based on an improved suffix tree algorithm
H Wen, NF Xiao, Q Chen – Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Web search results clustering is the navigator for users to find relevant results quickly. Through combining the advantages of vector space model (VSM) and suffix tree clustering (STC) document models, this paper puts forward a more effective Web snippets clustering …

Clustering of web search results based on combination of links and in-snippets
N Yang, Y Liu, G Yang – Web Information Systems and …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Search engine is a common tool to retrieve the information in the Web. But the current status of returned results is still far from satisfaction. Users have to be confronted with searching for a long result list to get the information really wanted. Many works focused on the post …

Computing paraphrasability of syntactic variants using Web snippets
A Fujita, S Sato – Proceedings of the Third International Joint Conference …, 2008 – aclweb.org
In a broad range of natural language processing tasks, large-scale knowledge-base of paraphrases is anticipated to improve their performance. The key issue in creating such a resource is to establish a practical method of computing semantic equivalence and syntactic …

Contextual ontology module learning from web snippets and past user queries
NB Mustapha, MA Aufaure, HB Zghal… – … on Knowledge-Based …, 2011 – Springer
In this paper, we focus on modularization aspects for query reformulation in ontology-based question answering on the Web. The main objective is to automatically learn ontology modules that cover search terms of the user. Indeed, the main problem is that current …

Extracting Relevant Snippets for Web Navigation.
Q Li, KS Candan, Q Yan – AAAI, 2008 – aaai.org
Search engines present fix-length passages from documents ranked by relevance against the query. In this paper, we present and compare novel, language-model based methods for extracting variable length document snippets by real-time processing of documents using …

A framework for automatic annotation of web pages using the Google rich snippets vocabulary
J van der Meer, F Boon, F Hogenboom… – Proceedings of the …, 2011 – dl.acm.org
One of the latest developments for the Semantic Web is Google Rich Snippets, a service that uses Web page annotations for displaying search results in a visually appealing manner. In this paper we propose the Automatic Review Recognition and annOtation of Web pages …

Incorporating compactness to generate term-association view snippets for ontology search
W Ge, G Cheng, H Li, Y Qu – Information Processing & Management, 2013 – Elsevier
A query-relevant snippet for ontology search is useful for deciding if an ontology fits users’ needs. In this paper, we illustrate a good snippet in a keyword-based ontology search engine should be with term-association view and compact, and propose an approach to …

Evaluating the impact of snippet highlighting in search
T Iofciu, N Craswell, M Shokouhi – … User Interactions in Information Search …, 2009 – Citeseer
When viewing a list of search results, users see a snippet of text from each document. For an ambiguous query, the list may contain some documents that match the user’s interpretation of the query and some that correspond to a completely different interpretation. We …

What snippet size is needed in mobile web search?
J Kim, P Thomas, R Sankaranarayana… – Proceedings of the …, 2017 – dl.acm.org
A snippet (content summary for a web page) is one of the main elements in a search result page. Search engines have been improved to reduce users’ effort in web search, eg, providing flexible snippet sizes by considering the purpose of the search and suggesting …

A Methodology to Extract Social Network from the Web Snippet
MKM Nasution, SA Noah – arXiv preprint arXiv:1211.5877, 2012 – arxiv.org
The Web has been chosen as a basic infrastructure to gain the social structure information, through the social network extraction, from all over the world. However, most of the web documents are unstructured and lack of semantics. Moreover, that network is subject to all …

Ontology learning from open linked data and web snippets
I Tiddi, NB Mustapha, Y Vanrompay… – … Conferences” On the …, 2012 – Springer
Abstract The Web of Open Linked Data (OLD) is a recommended best practice for exposing, sharing, and connecting pieces of data, information, and knowledge on the Semantic Web using URIs and RDF. Such data can be used as a training source for ontology learning from …

Using k-Top retrieved web snippets to date temporalimplicit queries based on web content analysis
RN Taborda Campos – Proceedings of the 34th international ACM SIGIR …, 2011 – dl.acm.org
Abstract The World Wide Web (WWW) is a huge information network from which retrieving and organizing quality relevant content remains an open question for mostly all ambiguous queries. As an example, many queries have temporal implicit intents associated with them …

To click or not to click? The role of contextualized and user-centric web snippets
N Zotos, P Tzekou, G Tsatsaronis, L Kozanidis… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2009 – arxiv.org
When searching the web, it is often possible that there are too many results available for ambiguous queries. Text snippets, extracted from the retrieved pages, are an indicator of the pages’ usefulness to the query intention and can be used to focus the scope of search  …

Effect of snippets on user experience in web search
MC Marcos, F Gavin, I Arapakis – … of the XVI International Conference on …, 2015 – dl.acm.org
In recent years, the search engine results pages (SERP’s) have been augmented with new markup elements that introduce seamlessly additional semantic information. Examples of such elements are the aggregated results disseminated by vertical portals, and the enriched …

Tracking researcher mobility on the web using snippet semantic analysis
JJG Flores, P Zweigenbaum, Z Yue… – Advances in Natural …, 2012 – Springer
This paper presents the Unoporuno system: an application of natural language processing methods to the sociology of migration. Our approach extracts names of people from a scientific publications database, refines Web search queries using bibliographical data and …

Finding Distinct Answers in Web Snippets.
A Figueroa, G Neumann – WEBIST (2), 2008 – researchgate.net
This paper presents ListWebQA, a question answering system aimed specifically at discovering answers to list questions in web snippets. ListWebQA retrieves snippets likely to contain answers by means of a query rewriting strategy, and extracts answers according to …

A Phrase-Based Method for Hierarchical Clustering of Web Snippets.
Z Li, X Wu – AAAI, 2010 – aaai.org
Document clustering has been applied in web information retrieval, which facilitates users’ quick browsing by organizing retrieved results into different groups. Meanwhile, a tree-like hierarchical structure is wellsuited for organizing the retrieved results in favor of web users …

Query-page intention matching using clicked titles and snippets to boost search rankings
M Murata, H Toda, Y Matsuura, R Kataoka – … of the 9th ACM/IEEE-CS …, 2009 – dl.acm.org
Users of text retrieval systems input only a few keywords or sometimes just one keyword to the systems even if they had complex information needs. Due to the lack of query keywords, it becomes hard to return relevant search results that satisfy the demands of each user …

Query-driven approach of contextual ontology module learning using web snippets
NB Mustapha, MA Aufaure, HB Zghal… – Journal of Intelligent …, 2015 – Springer
The main objective of this work is to automatically build ontology modules that cover search terms of users in ontology-based question answering on the Web. Indeed, some arising approaches of ontology module extraction aim at solving the problem of identifying ontology …

Mining text snippets for images on the web
A Kannan, S Baker, K Ramnath, J Fiss, D Lin… – Proceedings of the 20th …, 2014 – dl.acm.org
Images are often used to convey many different concepts or illustrate many different stories. We propose an algorithm to mine multiple diverse, relevant, and interesting text snippets for images on the web. Our algorithm scales to all images on the web. For each image, all …

User generated web lecture snippets to support a blended learning approach
M Ketterl, K Morisse – … World Conference on Educational Media and …, 2009 – learntechlib.org
Lecture recordings have been used for teaching purposes for several years and different ways of distribution have been investigated at the universities in Osnabrueck. A blended learning approach based on lecture recordings has been developed in which the recordings …

Effective time ratio: a measure for web search engines with document snippets
J He, B Shu, X Li, H Yan – Asia Information Retrieval Symposium, 2010 – Springer
The dominant method for evaluating search engines is the Cranfield paradigm, but the existing metrics do not consider some modern search engines features, such as document snippets. In this paper, we propose a new metric effective time ratio for search engine …

Analysing anchor links to enhance the web snippet clustering technique
FA Omara, M Amoon, NA El-Fishawy… – … and Systems (INFOS) …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
New generations of Search Engines aim to focus on user’s needs rather than user’s queries. This means personalization of the returned results to suit the user needs and expectations. In this paper, we believe that in order to enhance the personalization process, we have to …

Semantic snippet construction for search engine results based on segment evaluation
KS Kuppusamy, G Aghila – arXiv preprint arXiv:1202.2614, 2012 – arxiv.org
The result listing from search engines includes a link and a snippet from the web page for each result item. The snippet in the result listing plays a vital role in assisting the user to click on it. This paper proposes a novel approach to construct the snippets based on a semantic …

Boosting the recall of descriptive phrases in web snippets
A Figueroa – In LangTech 2008, 2008 – voice.fub.it
Abstract WebQA is a Web Question Answering System1 which is aimed at discovering answers to natural language questions on the web. One of its major components is the module that answers definition questions. This module searches for answers by means of a …

Automatic web page annotation with google rich snippets
W Hop, S Lachner, F Frasincar, R De Virgilio – … Conferences” On the Move …, 2010 – Springer
Web pages are designed to be read by people, not machines. Consequently, searching and reusing information on the Web is a difficult task without human participation. Adding semantics (ie meaning) to a Web page would help machines to understand Web contents …

Web Snippet Clustering and Labeling using Lingo Algorithm.
BR Prakash, M Hanumanthappa – International Journal of Advanced …, 2012 – academia.edu
A typical search engine’s response to a query is a ranked list of documents along with their partial content (snippets) Search results clustering problem is defined as an automatic, on-line grouping of similar documents in a search hits list, returned from a search engine. In this …

Building a web-snippet clustering system based on a mixed clustering method
LC Chen – Online Information Review, 2011 – emeraldinsight.com
Purpose–Web-snippet clustering has recently attracted a lot of attention as a means to provide users with a succinct overview of relevant results compared with traditional search results. This paper seeks to research the building of a web-snippet clustering system, based …

Unsupervised approach to generate informative structured snippets for job search engines
N Spirin, K Karahalios – … International Conference on World Wide Web, 2013 – dl.acm.org
Aiming to improve user experience for a job search engine, in this paper we propose an idea to switch from query-biased snippets used by most web search engines to rich structured snippets associated with the main sections of a job posting page, which are more …

Retrieval of snippets of Web pages converted to plain text. More questions than answers
CG Figuerola, JLA Berrocal, ÁFZ Rodríguez… – Workshop of the Cross …, 2008 – Springer
This year’s WebCLEF task was to retrieve snippets and pieces from documents on various topics. The extraction and the choice of the most widely used snippets can be carried out using various methods. However, the way in which web pages are usually converted to plain …

An improved measuring similarity for short text snippets and its application in clustering search engine
Z Li, H Peng, P Peng, XP Jia… – Machine Learning and …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Measuring the similarity of short text snippets plays an important role in information retrieval and natural language processing. Measuring the similarity for short text snippets, such as search queries, remains a challenging task. In this paper, we develop a new similarity …

Copy & paste education: Solving programming problems with web code snippets
J Feiner, E Krajnc – Proceedings of the Interactive Computer Aided …, 2009 – researchgate.net
The pace of development (related to the code quality) is one of the key criteria in software development. By teaching students the power of effective Copy & Paste they can solve programming tasks more quickly. It is therefore necessary that teachers support students …

An online clustering algorithm for Chinese web snippets based on Generalized Suffix Array
Z Hui, W Han, Y Gao, Z Jingmin – Cyber-Enabled Distributed …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
As the information on the Internet increases dramatically, the web search engine has become an indispensable tool to search and locate the required information. Web snippets clustering can classify the search results and help users to narrow the search scope. This …

Sentiment polarity analysis for generating search result snippets based on paragraph vector
Y Terazawa, S Shiramatsu, T Ozono… – … Informatics (IIAI-AAI) …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Although sentiment polarity is important for under-standing public reputations, conventional web search snippets do not include sentiment polarity. Therefore, we propose a system to generate search result snippets that considers sentiment polarity. We also propose a …

Generating personalized snippets for web page recommender systems
A Watanabe, R Sasano, H Takamura… – Web Intelligence (WI) …, 2014 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Web page recommender systems provide users with web pages they might be interested in. Users then select some of the recommended web pages that catch their interest by making a relevance judgment. However, if web page recommender systems do not offer enough …

Search interfaces for integrating crowdsourced code snippets within development environments
D Wightman – 2013 – qspace.library.queensu.ca
In this thesis we report on the design and evaluation of interfaces to support crowdsourced programming tasks. We present WordMatch and SnipMatch: two programming tools that can incorporate crowdsourced source code. The design of these tools is informed by an …

Visual Web Exploration: Beyond Ranked Snippets and Thumbnails
M Dörk, S Carpendale, C Williamson – Vis Week, 2009 – researchgate.net
Most visual search interfaces rely on the established ranking paradigm geared towards satisfying text-based queries. Yet, we think that the ranking paradigm has constrained our thinking about what Web search should be. Instead of aiming for a subset of an information …

Automatically annotating web pages using Google Rich Snippets
F Hogenboom, F Frasincar, D Vandic… – 2014-07-26]. www …, 2011 – frederikhogenboom.nl
ABSTRACT We propose the Automatic Review Recognition and annO-tation of Web pages (ARROW) framework, a framework for Web page review identification and annotation using RDFa Google Rich Snippets. The ARROW framework consists of four steps: hotspot …

Re-examining search result snippet examination time for relevance estimation
D Lagun, E Agichtein – Proceedings of the 35th international ACM SIGIR …, 2012 – dl.acm.org
Previous studies of web search result examination have provided valuable insights in understanding and modelling searcher behavior. Yet, recent work (eg,[3]) has been developed based on the assumption that the time a searcher spends examining a particular …

Web Snippet Clustering Based on Text Enrichment with Concept Hierarchy
S Jinarat, C Haruechaiyasak… – … Conference on Neural …, 2009 – Springer
Clustering web snippet results returned from search engine helps facilitate browsing and navigating for users. Due to the extremely short length of web snippets, many traditional clustering techniques which adopt the bag of words model often yields unsatisfactory …

Extracting visual snippets for query suggestion in collaborative web search
H Kruajirayu, T Leelanupab – … of the 20th International Society on …, 2015 – it.kmitl.ac.th
This paper proposes an approach to generate query suggestions by employing information from user-created visual snippets. In order to generate query suggestions, we apply the optical character recognition (OCR) technique to extract a set of words presented in the …

Using Web Snippets and Web Query-logs to Measure Implicit Temporal Intents in Queries
R Campos, MJ Alípio, G Dias – Query Representation and …, 2011 – hal.archives-ouvertes.fr
Understanding the user’s temporal intent by means of query formulation is a particular hard task that can become even more difficult if the user is not clear in his purpose. For example, a user who issues the query Lady Gaga may wish to find the official web site of this popular …

Improving web search results with explanation-aware snippets: an experimental study
A Wira-Alam, M Zloch – International Conference on Web Information …, 2013 – ssoar.info
In this paper, we focus on a typical task on a web search, in which users want to discover the coherency between two concepts on the Web. In our point of view, this task can be seen as a retrieval process: starting with some source information, the goal is to find target information …

Search Engine Result Page with Visual Context and Already Rendered Snippets.
K Maruyama, M Igeta, M Terada – WEBIST, 2011 – sanpo-lab.jp
Search engine result pages, aka SERP, provide page titles, URLs, and text based snippets of the searched pages. These help users to decide to click or not each searched page. Text based snippets, however, are different from the real page rendered by web browsers, after a …

A Nominal Filter for Web Search Snippets: Using the Web to Identify Members of Latin America’s Highly Qualified Diaspora
J Garcia-Flores, W Turner – Artificial Intelligence (MICAI), 2011 …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
This paper presents efforts aimed at using Natural Language Engineering (NLE) techniques for evaluating the impact of talent mobility on the development of three Latin American countries: Argentina, Colombia and Uruguay. We explain the different steps of a research …

A comparative study of query-biased and non-redundant snippets for structured search on mobile devices
NV Spirin, AS Kotov, KG Karahalios… – Proceedings of the 25th …, 2016 – dl.acm.org
To investigate what kind of snippets are better suited for structured search on mobile devices, we built an experimental mobile search application and conducted a task-oriented interactive user study with 36 participants. Four different versions of a search engine result …

Improving the relevance of web search results by combining web snippet categorization, clustering and personalization
D Zhu – 2010 – espace.curtin.edu.au
Web search results are far from perfect due to the polysemous and synonymous characteristics of nature languages, information overload as the results of information explosion on the Web, and the flat list,“one size fits all” strategies of search engines to …

Mining wikipedia resources for discovering answers to list questions in web snippets
A Figueroa – Semantics, Knowledge and Grid, 2008. SKG’08 …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
This paper presents LiSnQA, a list question answering system that extracts answers to list queries from the short descriptions of web-sites returned by search engines, called web snippets. LiSnQA mines Wikipedia resources in order to obtain valuable information that …

Semantic similarity measure using web page count, NGD and snippet based method
MA Jadhav, MB Ansari – International Journal of Engineering Technology …, 2014 – ijetcr.org
Measuring the semantic similarity between words is an important component in various tasks on the web such as relation extraction, community mining, document clustering, and automatic metadata extraction. Despite the usefulness of semantic similarity measures in …

Question answering system using web snippets
R Menaha, AU Surya, K Nandhni… – I-SMAC (IoT in Social …, 2017 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Question Answering System (QAS) is an information retrieval technique which provides descriptive answer for the given question rather than web links. QAS has many applications like retrieving information from the web, online examination, education, health care, sports …

Rich Snippets will Improve Your Google Search Results
V Gaikar – 2013 – tricksmachine.com
Well so I want to ask you that have you ever noticed that some post are looking so well mannered and best then others while doing Google search? So you want to know exactly what they are doing to make their search result and post better. The secret behind this fancy information are …

GTE: A Distributional Second-Order Co-Occurrence Approach to Improve the Identification of Top Relevant Dates in Web Snippets
G Dias, R Campos, C Nunes, A Jorge – 2012 – repositorio.inesctec.pt
In this paper, we present an approach to identify top relevant dates in Web snippets with respect to a given user implicit temporal query. Our approach is two-fold. First, we propose a generic temporal similarity measure called GTE, which evaluates the temporal similarity …

Heading-aware snippet generation for web search
T Manabe, K Tajima – Asia Information Retrieval Symposium, 2015 – Springer
We propose heading-aware methods of generating search result snippets of web pages. A heading is a brief description of the topic of its associated sentences. Some existing methods give priority to sentences containing many words that also appear in headings …

Identifying Relevant Snippets from Ranked Web Documents.
S Hariharan, T Ramkumar… – IUP Journal of …, 2011 – search.ebscohost.com
Internet has brought a major shift or revolution in day-to-day life. It is quite common that millions of documents are posted on the web on a daily basis. The major concern is to identify the right information from the enormous data available. The documents retrieved …

Temporally Biased Search Result Snippets
J Tatineni Abhiram – corescholar.libraries.wright.edu
The search engine result snippets are an important source of information for the user to obtain quick insights into the corresponding result documents. When the search terms are too general, like a person’s name or a company’s name, creating an appropriate snippet that …

Snapboard: A Shared Space of Visual Snippets-A Study in Individual and Asynchronous Collaborative Web Search
T Leelanupab, H Kruajirayu… – Asia Information Retrieval …, 2015 – Springer
People often engage in many search tasks that be collaborative, where two or more individuals work together with the joint information needs. We introduced and built CoZpace, a web-based application that enables a group of users to collaborate on searching the web …

Detecting and Characterizing Developer Behavior Following Opportunistic Reuse of Code Snippets from the Web
A Ciborowska, NA Kraft, K Damevski – 2018 – researchgate.net
Modern software development is social and relies on many online resources and tools. In this paper, we study opportunistic code reuse from the Web, eg, when developers copy code snippets from popular Q&A sites and paste them into their projects. Our focus is the behavior …

An enhanced model for automatically extracting topic phrase from web document snippet for cluster labels
CI Ejiofor, EO Nwachukwu… – Scientia …, 2014 – scientia-africana.uniportjournal.info
Keyphrase are subset of more than one word or phrases from a document that can describe the meaning of the document. Manual assignment of high quality document into similar topic by keyphrase is expensive, time-consuming and error prone. Therefore, various …

Web Page Classification Using Features from Titles and Snippets
Z Lu – 2015 – ruor.uottawa.ca
Nowadays, when a keyword is provided, a search engine can return a large number of web pages, which makes it difficult for people to find the right information. Web page classification is a technology that can help us to make a relevant and quick selection of …

Fast Generation of Result Snippets in Web Search
F Geller – 2009 – hpi.de
Page 1. Fast Generation of Result Snippets in Web Search Felix Geller January 20, 2009 Page 2. Agenda ? What are “snippets”? ? How do they fit in? ? Possible difficulties ? Speeding up snippet generation ? Document compression ? Document compaction ? Summary Felix …

Introduction of Sparkline as Snippet to Context Search Engine Result Page
Y Takama, K Yamaguchi, LH Chen… – … and Applications of …, 2017 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
This paper proposes to introduce a sparkline to the result page of context search engine (CSE). The CSE is a kind of search engines designed for answering trend-related queries. As trend information, which is represented as temporal data, is common in many …

Extraction of Relevant Snippets from Web Pages Using Hybrid Features
J Zeng, Q Xiong, J Wen… – … Informatics (IIAIAAI), 2012 …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
As the amount of web pages increase, identifying and retrieving distinct contents from the web has increasingly become more and more difficult. The traditional approach for extracting data from web page documents is to analyze the DOM (Document Object Model) …

Compact Snippet Caching for Flash-based Search Engines
R Zhang, P Sun, J Tong, RJ Stones, G Wang… – Proceedings of the 38th …, 2015 – dl.acm.org
In response to a user query, search engines return the top-k relevant results, each of which contains a small piece of text, called a snippet, extracted from the corresponding document. Obtaining a snippet is time consuming as it requires both document retrieval (disk access) …

Are wikipedia resources useful for discovering answers to list questions within web snippets?
A Figueroa – International Conference on Web Information Systems …, 2008 – Springer
This paper presents LiSnQA, a list question answering system that extracts answers to list queries from the short descriptions of web-sites returned by search engines, called web snippets. LiSnQA mines Wikipedia resources in order to obtain valuable information that …

Context Based Kernel Function For Snippets With Personalization Mobile Search Engine
R Imrankhan, T Seeniselvi – International Journal, 2013 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
In mobile based search major problem is that interaction between the user and search are controlled by little numeral of factors in the mobile plans. To conquer these problem mobile search engine returns the relevant results to the users and it must able to satisfy the profile of …

Snippets Based Lexical Pattern Results In Web Search Engines
JS Rani, S Reyya, P Sujatha – 2012 – dsresearchcenter.net
The modern era of Information technology is nearest to the automation technology of each and every need. In this paper, we likely to describe a programming term which describes the common or clustered mechanism of identifying some of the search based text ie Snippets …

Web Plagiarism Detection Based On Search Result Snippets
S Thaiprayoon, C Haruechaiyasak – copycatch.in.th
The problem of Web plagiarism is continuously growing due to the large amount of publicly available contents on the Web. Currently, there exist some available plagiarism checking services on the Web. These services are different in design and implementation details. In …

Generating Illustrative Snippets for Open Data on the Web
G Cheng, C Jin, W Ding, D Xu, Y Qu – … on Web Search and Data Mining, 2017 – dl.acm.org
To embrace the open data movement, increasingly many datasets have been published on the Web to be reused. Users, when assessing the usefulness of an unfamiliar dataset, need means to quickly inspect its contents. To satisfy the needs, we propose to automatically …

A Search Engine That Supports Rich Snippets
L Yu – A Developer’s Guide to the Semantic Web, 2014 – Springer
The more application examples you see, the better you understand the Semantic Web, and the easier you will find inspiration for your own applications. In this chapter, we build a search engine that supports rich snippets. After all, improving the performance of search  …

Efficient Term Frequency and Optimal Similarity Measure of Snippet for Web Search Results
D Rohini, R Janaki – irdp.info
All clustering methods have to assume some cluster relationship among the data objects that they are applied on. Similarity between a pair of objects can be defined either explicitly or implicitly. In this paper, we introduce a novel multi-viewpoint based similarity measure …

Efficient search engine approach for measuring similarity between words: Using page count and snippets
P Murugesan, K Malathi – Green Engineering and Technologies …, 2015 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Web mining involve activities such as document clustering, community mining etc., to be performed on web. Such tasks need measuring semantic similarity between word. This helps in performing web mining activities easily in many applications. The accurate …

OOV Translation Mining from Mixed-Language Snippets from a Search Engine
YQ Qu, JM Yao, J Sun, M Sun – Young Computer Scientists …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
In this paper, we describe an approach to OOV translation mining based on web search. Without comparable corpus or parallel corpus, we first expand the Chinese OOV phrase with English segments by a CE dictionary. Then the OOV and the expansion will be submitted to …

Interactive Web Search with Image Snippets
R ARJUN – 2009 – researchgate.net
With the explosive development of the Internet, the Web has become the largest information repository over the world. Due to its huge volume, users easily feel lost in this repository. Web search engines attempt to help users find a needle in the haystack. It is not surprising …

A Web Search Engine based approach to Measure the Semantic Similarity between Words using Page Count and Snippets Method (PCSM)
MV Nirgude, R Sharma, RR Sedamkar – ijarcet.org
Semantic similarity measures play an important role in Information Retrieval, Natural Language Processing and Web Mining applications such as community mining, relation detection, entity disambiguation and document clustering etc. This paper proposes Page …

Query-driven approach of contextual ontology module learning using web snippets
B Ghzala – perso.ecp.fr
The main objective of this work is to automatically learn ontology modules that cover search terms of users for query reformulation in ontologybased question answering on the Web. Indeed, some arising approaches of ontology module extraction aim at solving the problem …

Novel and Applied Algorithms in a Search Engine for Java Code Snippets
P Tantikul, CA Thompson… – … Code on the Web for …, 2013 – Springer
Programmers often look for a “snippet,” that is, a small piece of example code, to remind themselves of how to solve a problem or to quickly learn about a new resource. However, existing tools such as general-purpose search engines and code-specific search engines do …

Temporally Biased Search Result Snippets
JA Tatineni – 2015 – rave.ohiolink.edu
The search engine result snippets are an important source of information for the user to obtain quick insights into the corresponding result documents. When the search terms are too general, like a person’s name or a company’s name, creating an appropriate snippet that …

Snippets from the web
BJC Perera – Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2009 – sljch.sljol.info
In a study lasting 1 year, flunisolide hydrofluoroalkane (HFA), a new inhaled corticosteroid formulation, had no effect on height or growth velocity in pre-adolescents with mild asthma, according to a presentation by Dr. Leon S. Greos to the American College of Allergy, Asthma …

Improving Search Result Clustering by Enriching Snippets with Word2Vec Model
Y Nan, L Yaping, L Qing – Web Information Systems and …, 2017 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
Search Result Clustering (SRC) is an approach to solve the problems of web search engines under user’s broad or ambiguous queries and no clues to find exact information in a long returned list. SRC groups the returned list and outputs a semantic structured …

The Anatomy of Relevance: Topical, Snippet and Perceived Relevance in Search Result Evaluation
A Chuklin, M de Rijke – arXiv preprint arXiv:1501.06412, 2015 – arxiv.org
Currently, the quality of a search engine is often determined using so-called topical relevance, ie, the match between the user intent (expressed as a query) and the content of the document. In this work we want to draw attention to two aspects of retrieval system …

Snippets from the world wide web
BJC Perera – Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2009 – sljch.sljol.info
Each 1-kg increase in birth weight appears to increase the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia by 26%, according to a report in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute for October 20th. In contrast, high birth weight does not seem to raise the risk of …

A Query Classification System Based on Snippet Similarity for a One-Click Search
T Tojima, T Yukawa – International Journal of Computer …, 2013 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
This paper proposes a query classification system for a one-click search system that uses feature vectors based on snippet similarity. The proposed system targets the NTCIR-10 1CLICK-2 query classification subtask and classifies queries in Japanese and English into …

Generating snippets for undirected information search
A Overwijk – 2008 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
In this paper a system is described to generate snippets for undirected information search. The system is divided in three components: extracting snippets, ranking snippets and avoiding redundancy. To determine the best methods for these components, different …

Sharing Configuration Snippets with Community using REST and Web GUI
M Mall – 2016 – libelektra.org
Configuration is what makes today’s software as powerful as it is. It allows for distinct behavior of software systems without changing the actual program code itself. Obviously, there is not a single way to achieve configurability, which leads to the problem that many …

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