Directed Dialog Systems


Directed Dialog Systems


The Industry of Spoken-Dialog Systems and the Third Generation of Interactive Applications R Pieraccini – Speech Technology, 2010 – Springer … to go. Travel, telecom, and financial industries were the early adopters of directed- dialog systems, while natural-language mixed-initiative communication remained mostly the goal of the academic research community. The … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Design and Development of an Automated Voice Agent P Stavropoulou, D Spiliotopoulos… – 2011 – igi-global.com … types: • Directed Dialog Systems: ranging from finite state-based to frame-based systems (McTear, 2004). … applications. As a result, industry opted for more directed dialogue systems, which are the most commonly used on the market today. … All 3 versions

The RavenClaw dialog management framework: Architecture and systems D Bohus… – Computer Speech & Language, 2009 – Elsevier … To summarize, the dialog task tree specification describes an overall hierarchical plan for the interaction. However, this developer-specified plan does not prescribe a fixed order for the execution of the various dialog agents (as might be found in a directed dialog system). … Cited by 41 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Method, system, and apparatus for natural language mixed-initiative dialogue processing R Balchandran… – US Patent 7,974,835, 2011 – Google Patents … One variety of dialogue system is a directed dialogue system. A directed dialogue system controls the ?ow of dia- logue with a user through a structured set of menu choices. The user is prompted for a single item of information at each point within the menu hierarchy. … Related articles – All 4 versions

Systems and methods for managing and building directed dialogue portal applications JS Irwin, A Weiman… – US Patent 7,395,206, 2008 – Google Patents … 5 depicts a block diagram of an alternative embodi- ment of an example directed dialogue system, according to the invention; and FIG. … That is, in a directed dialogue system, all options from a set of available options may not be available for simultaneous review. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Using Graphical Models for an Intelligent Mixed-Initiative Dialog Management System [PDF] from tum.de S Schwärzler, G Ruske, F Wallhoff… – Human Interface and the …, 2009 – Springer … e f w y z x i Fig. 2. The user inputs are controlled and verified in a system-directed dialog system by finite- state machines. Frame-based dialog systems catch the initiatives from the user [6]. The user is allowed to confront the system with any semantic slot in different time steps. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Rapid and inexpensive development of speech action classifiers for natural language call routing systems EE Jan… – Spoken Language Technology …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … us.ibm.com ABSTRACT Natural language call routing systems are an attractive alternative to interactive voice response systems and directed dialog systems for automating customer service functions. However, the up-front … Related articles

Research Challenges and Opportunities in Mobile Applications [DSP Education] [PDF] from officelive.com D Hakkani-Tur, G Tur… – Signal Processing Magazine, …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The earliest large scale systems, commonly known as interactive voice response (IVR) sys- tems, are typically machine-directed dialog systems that ask users specific questions and expect user input to belong to a set of predetermined key- words or phrases [1]. The second … Related articles – All 4 versions

Assessment of speech dialog systems using multi-modal cognitive load analysis and driving performance metrics [PDF] from qut.edu.au T Kleinschmidt, P Boyraz, H Brril… – … and Safety (ICVES) …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … No error recovery. Barge-in supported. Barge-in supported, but not consistent. System-directed dialogue. System-directed dialogue. Prompts have simple but varied linguistic structure. Prompts follow same linguistic structure. Robust against moving vehicle noise. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 10 versions

Dialogue based interfaces for universal access [PDF] from mdx.ac.uk CR Huyck – Universal Access in the Information Society, 2010 – Springer … At this stage, it would be useful to decide the level of sophistication of the conversational system. Complex open-ended dialogue systems can be developed but are much more complex than push-button and directed- dialogue systems. 3.2 User groups … Related articles – All 5 versions

Methods and systems for authoring of mixed-initiative multi-modal interactions and related browsing mechanisms JA Healey, RA Hosn, SH Maes… – US Patent …, 2009 – Google Patents … However, declarative authoring using a markup language, such as VoiceXML (Voice Extensible Markup Language) for speech-enabled applications, has been mainly limited to directed dialog systems. As opposed to mixed … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 4 versions

An introduction to voice search YY Wang, D Yu, YC Ju… – … Processing Magazine, IEEE, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … In a directed-dialog system, users’ utterances may con- tain only what the system has prompted for, which is often a sin- gle piece of semantic information; while in a mixed-initiative system, users may volunteer more semantic information in a sin- gle utterance-we call this type … Cited by 42 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 5 versions

Method, system, and apparatus for natural language mixed-initiative dialogue processing R Balchandran… – US Patent 7,386,440, 2008 – Google Patents … One variety of dialogue system is a directed dialogue system. A directed dialogue system controls the flow of dialogue with a user through a structured set of menu choices. The user is prompted for a single item of informa- tion at each point within the menu hierarchy. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 5 versions

A cognitive framework for robot guides in art collections D Vogiatzis… – Universal Access in the Information Society, 2011 – Springer … application. The assumption here is that the user should provide a response among a limited number of particular answers, thus the input at each state should be specific. This leads to system-directed dialogue systems. The … Related articles – All 5 versions

Call Classification with Hundreds of Classes and Hundred Thousands of Training Utterances…… and No Target Domain Data [PDF] from thepieraccinis.com D Suendermann, P Hunter… – Perception in Multimodal …, 2008 – Springer … 46 Target everything covered 250 – Even when prompted with a clear menu, callers often describe the reason why they are calling in their own words, and that may not be covered by the rule-based grammar typically used with directed dialog systems. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 13 versions

Implementing a hybrid dialogue strategy for speech-enabled mobile commerce Y Fan – International Journal of Electronic Business, 2009 – Inderscience … The detailed implementation of the Natural Language Understanding (NLU) component in the framework for understanding users’ initial requests is described in Section 4. Section 5 presents the structure of the application-directed dialogue system for request clarification. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Method and system for predictive interactive voice recognition GA Watkins… – US Patent 8,000,452, 2011 – Google Patents … or availability?” and the caller responds with “availability”. Typically, directed dialog systems are designed to recognize a small set of keywords spoken by a caller. Further improvements to existing IVR systems include natural … Related articles – All 3 versions

Dialog system for a man-machine interaction having cooperating dialog devices S Feldes, K Schuhmacher – US Patent 7,437,292, 2008 – Google Patents … In addition to such goal-directed dialog systems, there are also so-called chat dialog systems or ‘chat bots.’ A chat bot gives the user the impression that the user can carry on a 35 conversation with it about nearly any subject. … Related articles – All 3 versions

System and method for semantic categorization EK Cave, M Balakrishna, V Mo – EP Patent 1,962,279, 2008 – freepatentsonline.com … Currently, in fixed-grammar directed-dialog systems, semantic categorization is performed using a set of manually defined rules. A dialog developer pre-defines those utterances that the system should be capable of “understanding”. … Related articles – Cached

Voice Search YY Wang, D Yu, YC Ju… – Spoken Language …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … In a directed dialogue system, a user is limited to providing answers to what the sys- tem has prompted for, which often contain a single piece of semantic information; while in a mixed-initiative system, users are allowed to volunteer more semantic information in a single … Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] The Companions paradigm as a method of eliciting and organising life data [PDF] from shef.ac.uk Y Wilks, R Catizone… – … of the Workshop on Memories for Life, …, 2008 – nlp.shef.ac.uk … This task is different from most goal-directed dialogue systems where there is a fixed set of information slots to fill from the user, and without it the system could not be viewed as having perform successfully, as in, for example, train or plane reservations. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

RavenClaw: Dialog management using hierarchical task decomposition and an expectation agenda [PDF] from cmu.edu D Bohus… – Eighth European Conference on Speech …, 2003 – isca-speech.org … fixed order of execution (as might be found in a directed dialog system). When executed, a particular trace through this plan is generated based on the specified policies, encoded domain constraints and logic, as well as the user’s inputs. … Cited by 133 – Related articles – All 14 versions

[PDF] Voice search an introduction [PDF] from microsoft.com Y Wang, D Yu, Y Ju… – IEEE Signal Processing …, 2008 – research.microsoft.com … a small domain. In a directed dialog system, user’s utterances may contain only what the system has prompted for, which is often a single piece of semantic information; while in a mixed-initiative system, users may volunteer … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML

Conversational speech interfaces and technologies N Yankelovicfi – The human-computer interaction handbook: …, 2008 – books.google.com … 385 Current Capabilities and Limitations of NLU Systems 386 Crafting the Spoken Interaction 386 Dialog Styles 387 Directed dialogue (system initiated) 387 User-initiated 387 Conversational systems (mixed initiative) 387 Inherent Challenges of Speech 387 Prompt Design … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 2 versions

HOG based multi-stage object detection and pose recognition for service robot L Dong, X Yu, L Li… – Control Automation Robotics & …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Hoe, X. Yu , L. Dong, HZ Li. Attention Directed Dialogue System for a Social Robot, International Workshop on Spoken Dialogue Systems. [14] F. Han, Y. Shan, R. Cekander, H. Sawhney, R., Kumar. A two-stage approach to people and vehicle detection with hog-based SVM. … Related articles

Videorealistic facial animation for speech-based interfaces [PDF] from mit.edu JR Glass, SJ Pueblo – 2009 – dspace.mit.edu Page 1. Videorealistic Facial Animation for Speech-Based Interfaces  MASSACHUSETTS INSTTUTE OF TECHNOLOGY by JUL 2 0 2009 Stephen J. Pueblo LIBRARIES SB, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2008) Submitted … Related articles – All 3 versions

A framework for human-robot interaction D Vogiatzis… – … of the 1st international conference on …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … 3. Access an external application. The assumption here is that the user should provide a re- sponse among a limited amount of particular answers, thus the input in each state should be specific. This leads to system directed dialogue systems. … Related articles

Voice transformations for improving children’s speech recognition in a publicly available dialogue system [PDF] from kth.se J Gustafson… – Seventh International Conference on …, 2002 – isca-speech.org … However, simple data collection methods that are used to collect adult speech, like reading prepared sentences from a paper, or having people talk to a simple system-directed dialogue system, do not work that well for children. … Cited by 28 – Related articles – All 6 versions

System and method for selection of a voice user interface dialogue RR Bushey, BA Knott… – US Patent 7,249,321, 2007 – Google Patents Page 1. IIIH US007249321B2 (12) United States Patent ao) Patent no.: us 7,249,321 B2 Bushey et al. (45) Date of Patent: Jul. 24,2007 (54) SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTION OF A VOICE USER INTERFACE DIALOGUE … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Speech-Enabled Interfaces for Travel Information Systems with Large Grammars [PDF] from ttu.edu.tw B Zhao, T Allen… – … and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XIV, 2007 – Springer … To test this assertion, the 23337 London bus stop names were collected into a single large grammar file. This large grammar file was then used to replace the 1355 bus stop name grammar file in the Nottingham directed- dialogue system. … Related articles – All 4 versions

Methods and Systems for Authoring of Mixed-Initiative Multi-Modal Interactions and Related Browsing Mechanisms JA Healey, RA Hosn, SH Maes… – US Patent App. 11/ …, 2007 – Google Patents … However, declarative authoring using a markup language, such as VoiceXML (Voice Exten- sible Markup Language) for speech-enabled applications, has been mainly limited to directed dialog systems. As opposed to mixed … All 2 versions

Biasing a speech recognizer based on prompt context ME Epstein, JR Lewis – US Patent 7,542,907, 2009 – Google Patents … Such mechanisms typically are used in a global sense within speech systems. In directed dialog systems like VoiceXML, the program that generates the prompt also returns the gram- mars used on the next turn to decode the prompt. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Videorealistic Facial Animation for Speech-Based Interfaces [PDF] from mit.edu SJ Pueblo – 2009 – groups.csail.mit.edu Page 1. Videorealistic Facial Animation for Speech-Based Interfaces by Stephen J. Pueblo SB, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2008) Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of … Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search

Dialog trajectory analysis [PDF] from umassd.edu A Abella, J Wright… – Acoustics, Speech, and Signal …, 2004 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … the user’s problem. There also exist directed dialog systems that allow speech input but greatly constrain what the user can say. Quite often these systems do not differ greatly from traditional touch-tone systems. The most flexible … Cited by 10 – Related articles – All 14 versions

Multimodal dialogue systems A Rudnicky – Spoken multimodal human-computer dialogue in …, 2005 – Springer … individually reference this shared meaning. In some systems, the context is implicit in the current state, for example in graph- based (directed dialogue) systems. In other systems, separate data structures are used. We can also define … Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 3 versions

ASSOCIATIVE INTERFACE FOR PERSONALIZING VOICE DATA ACCESS TS Paek, AJB Brush… – US Patent App. 11/870,039, 2007 – Google Patents … [0024] Unfortunately, using directed dialogues is typically not a panacea. In many cases, companies spend more time tuning a directed dialogue system after it has been deployed then building it in the first place-that is, before they knew who would be using it and how. …

ASSOCIATIVE INTERFACE FOR PERSONALIZING VOICE DATA ACCESS TS Paek, AJ Bernheim Brush… – US Patent App. 20,090/ …, 2007 – freepatentsonline.com … Unfortunately, using directed dialogues is typically not a panacea. In many cases, companies spend more time tuning a directed dialogue system after it has been deployed then building it in the first place-that is, before they knew who would be using it and how. … Cached

Spoken language communication with machines: the long and winding road from research to business [PDF] from thepieraccinis.com R Pieraccini… – Innovations in Applied Artificial Intelligence, 2005 – Springer … Travel, Telecom, and Financial industries were the early adapters of directed dialog systems and deployed widely by SpeechWorks and Nuance, while the holy-grail of natural language communication remained in the research community. … Cited by 11 – Related articles – All 10 versions

[CITATION] Speech Graffiti: Assessing the user experience S Tomko – 2004 – Masters Thesis, School of Computer … Cited by 12 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Creating a speech recognition grammar for alphanumeric concepts YY Wang, YC Ju, LA Collins, M Cecys… – US Patent 7,599,837, 2009 – Google Patents … Instead, they resorted to grammar libraries and database entries (eg, city names from an application database) for solutions. 40 Nevertheless, a majority of the spoken language systems deployed so far are system-initiative, directed dialog systems. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] A clarification algorithm for spoken dialogue systems [PDF] from difabbrizio.com C Lewis… – … of the IEEE International Conference on …, 2005 – difabbrizio.com … For users who take the initiative, this produces shorter dialogues, and dialogues that require less repetition than simple directed dialogue systems. 6. REFERENCES [1] A. Abella and AL Gorin, “Generating Semantically Consistent Inputs to a Dialog Manager”, Proc. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

Processing dual tone multi-frequency signals for use with a natural language understanding system ME Epstein – US Patent 6,845,356, 2005 – Google Patents … summarizing text. Currently within the art, many NLU systems are imple- mented as directed dialog systems. Directed dialog NLU systems typically prompt or instruct a user as to the proper form of an immediate user response. For … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Natural language assistant: A dialog system for online product recommendation [PDF] from aaaipress.org J Chai, V Horvath, N Nicolov, M Stys, N Kambhatla… – AI Magazine, 2002 – aaai.org Page 1. ¦ With the emergence of electronic-commerce sys- tems, successful information access on electronic- commerce web sites becomes essential. Menu-dri- ven navigation and keyword search currently provided by most … Cited by 24 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 14 versions

Efficient grammar generation and tuning for interactive voice response applications EK Cave, M Balakrishna… – Acoustics, Speech and …, 2006 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The proposed method how- ever requires a partially labeled (manually performed) text corpus in the IVR’s domain for training the semantically structured model. Due to the high deployment demand for directed dialog systems in a Fig. 1. Automatic creation and tuning of CFG … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Creating a speech recognition grammar for alphanumeric concepts A Acero, LA Collins, ML Cecys… – EP Patent …, 2008 – freepatentsonline.com … The speech interpreter includes a unified grammar compiler, a speech recognizer and a natural language processor. Nevertheless, a majority of the spoken language systems deployed so far are system-initiative, directed dialog systems. … Related articles – Cached

A flexible framework for developing mixed-initiative dialog systems [PDF] from upenn.edu J Hochberg, N Kambhatla… – … of the 3rd SIGdial workshop on …, 2002 – dl.acm.org … dialog. In mixed-initiative systems, as opposed to directed dialog systems, users can influence the dialog flow, and are not restricted to answering system questions in a prescribed format (eg Walker 1990, Chu-Carroll 2000). … Cited by 14 – Related articles – All 52 versions

Automatic creation and tuning of context free grammars for interactive voice response systems [PDF] from utdallas.edu M Balakrishna, D Moldovan… – … Engineering, 2005. IEEE …, 2005 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Due to the high deployment demand for directed dialog systems in a wide variety of domains and the lack of any respectable size text corpora in these areas, the traditional manual processes of creating and tuning CFGs for each of the designed user prompts uses only the … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Speech driven data selection in a voice-enabled program DE Reich – US Patent 6,832,196, 2004 – Google Patents … Currently within the art, many speech recognition systems are implemented as directed dialog systems. Directed dialog speech recognition systems typically prompt or instruct a user as to the proper form of an immediate user response. … Cited by 12 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Speech graffiti vs. natural language: Assessing the user experience [PDF] from upenn.edu S Tomko… – Proceedings of HLT-NAACL 2004: Short …, 2004 – dl.acm.org … Would they learn the in- teraction protocol? Would they prefer a more efficient yet structured interaction to one that was more natural, but perhaps less efficient? One approach to structuring interaction is through directed-dialog systems. … Cited by 17 – Related articles – All 28 versions

Spoken dialogue technology: enabling the conversational user interface [PDF] from upenn.edu MF McTear – ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 2002 – dl.acm.org Page 1. Spoken Dialogue Technology: Enabling the Conversational User Interface MICHAEL F. MCTEAR University of Ulster Spoken dialogue systems allow users to interact with computer-based applications such as databases … Cited by 507 – Related articles – Library Search – BL Direct – All 54 versions

Menu Hierarchy Skipping Dialog For Directed Dialog Speech Recognition HE Blanchard – US Patent App. 11/276,542, 2006 – Google Patents … Directed Dialog Speech Recognition [0027] A directed dialog speech recognition system may replace a live attendant or a touch tone interactive voice response (IVR) system. Directed dialog systems may respond to individual words or phrases, defined in a gram- mar. … All 2 versions

Dynamic and adaptable system and method for selecting a user interface dialogue model BA Knott… – US Patent App. 11/487,782, 2006 – Google Patents … Automation rate 138 is an indication of the rate at which user interface selection is more for automated systems (such as a touch tone or directed dialogue system) versus non-automated systems (such as a service representative). … All 2 versions

Planning and logic programming for dialog management [PDF] from pitt.edu P Fodor… – Spoken Language Technology …, 2006 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … As the input from the user is obtained, the set of Plans will vary (eg, new constraints are introduced etc). Depending on basic features of the input (NLU) module and of the dialog controller, the system can act as a directed dialog system or allow mixed initiative. … Related articles – All 2 versions

A METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SPEECH CLASSIFICATION P Kankar… – US Patent App. 11/462,396, 2006 – Google Patents … speech. The speech enabled applications can either be directed dialog based or natural language based. In the directed dialog system, a user responds to the directed dialog system prompts rather pre- cisely in order. The directed … All 2 versions

[PDF] Voice User Interface Design Patterns [PDF] from ss4sw.org D Schnelle… – EuroPLoP 2006 Conference Proceedings, 2006 – ss4sw.org … http : //www. example . com/ servlet / bill ” namelist=”id , order , part_number”/> </ bloc k> </form> Also Known As Directed Dialog, System Initiative 2.1.2 Menu Hierarchy Intent Guide the user to the information of interest Context … Cited by 8 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Machine Learning for Categorization of Speech Utterances [PDF] from sinaidiagnostics.com A Albalate, D Suendermann… – … Analysis of Evolution …, 2006 – Wiley Online Library … point. – Even when prompted with a clear menu, callers often describe the reason why they are calling in their own words, and that may not be covered by the rule-based grammar typically used with directed dialog systems. … Related articles – All 10 versions

[HTML] Hello, What Do You Do? Natural Language Interaction with Intelligent Environments [HTML] from myurc.org G Vanderheiden, G Zimmerman, K Blaedow… – Proceedings of the …, 2005 – myurc.org … 2.2 Directed Dialog Systems. With directed dialog systems, the system is in control of the dialog and prompts the user in order to obtain the required information for a task. Directed dialog systems are specific to a particular domain and its tasks. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Cached

Interactive visualization of human-machine dialogs [PDF] from att.com J Wright, D Kapilow… – Ninth European Conference on …, 2005 – isca-speech.org … Directed-dialog systems allow speech input but greatly constrain what the caller can say. … One of these is a directed-dialog system through which business customers having problems with telephone or data circuits can create trouble tickets. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 10 versions

Creating speech recognition grammars from regular expressions for alphanumeric concepts [PDF] from mirlab.org YY Wang… – Eighth International Conference on Spoken …, 2004 – isca-speech.org … In this paper we describe a novel approach that enables the developers with little grammar authoring experience to construct high performance speech grammars for alphanumeric concepts, which are often needed in the more commonly used directed dialog systems in practice … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 12 versions

Method of identifying members of classes in a natural language understanding system ME Epstein – US Patent 6,735,560, 2004 – Google Patents … summarizing text. Currently within the art, many NLU systems are imple- mented as directed dialog systems. Directed dialog NLU systems typically prompt or instruct a user as to the proper form of an immediate user response. For … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Out-of-vocabulary word modeling and rejection for Spanish keyword spotting systems [PDF] from dfki.de H Cuayáhuitl… – Lecture notes in computer science, 2002 – books.google.com … both keywords and OOV words. 1 Introduction In directed-dialog systems deployed in Mexico, we have observed a high percent- age of out-of-vocabulary speech, especially immediately following deployment. Most of the out … Cited by 18 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 13 versions

A hybrid dialogue strategy for speech-enabled mobile commerce Y Fan… – e-Business Engineering, 2005. ICEBE …, 2005 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The detailed implementation of the Natural Language Understanding (NLU) component in the framework for understanding users’ initial requests is described in Section 3. Section 4 presents the structure of the application-directed dialogue system for request clarification. … Related articles – All 3 versions

Optimizing User Experience through Design of the Spoken Language Understanding (SLU) Module [PDF] from pitt.edu MG Alvarez-Ryan, N Gupta… – … Conference on Speech …, 2005 – isca-speech.org … be routed to 46 destinations. Some of these are call centers, while others are automated and possibly directed dialog systems designed to handle specific types of calls (eg calls related to billing problems). In our case study, about … Related articles – All 3 versions

Creating a Mixed-Initiative Grammar from Directed Dialog Grammars S Ativanichayaphong, D Jaramillo… – US Patent App. 11/ …, 2005 – Google Patents … By comparison, a directed dialog system would prompt the user for each individual piece of information, one at a time, and perform the data collection in a particular order. In this manner, a directed dialog system effectively “directs …

Creating a Mixed-Initiative Grammar from Directed Dialog Grammars S Ativanichayaphong, D Jaramillo… – US Patent App. …, 2005 – freepatentsonline.com … By comparison, a directed dialog system would prompt the user for each individual piece of information, one at a time, and perform the data collection in a particular order. In this manner, a directed dialog system effectively “directs … Cached

[BOOK] Itech: an interactive technical assistant [PDF] from clemson.edu DM Wilson – 2006 – cs.clemson.edu … systems have a very restricted grammar. Due to these restrictions, the grammar size tends to be small and yield low WER. With directed dialog systems, the application guides the user using machine-prompted dialogs and accepts one piece of information at a time. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 5 versions

Multimodal interaction techniques for situational awareness and command of robotic combat entities HE Neely III, RS Belvin, JR Fox… – … Proceedings. 2004 IEEE, 2004 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … This system is described below. from SpeechWorks: the speechify^ VI. 1 text-to-speech (TTS) system and the Speechworks v6.5 SE DialogMod- des. SpeechWorks is a “directed” dialogue system, mean- 6 3302 Page 7. Sensors Processing Figure 6 – System Block Diagram … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Error awareness and recovery in conversational spoken language interfaces [PDF] from microsoft.com D Bohus – 2007 – research.microsoft.com Page 1. Error Awareness and Recovery in Conversational Spoken Language Interfaces Dan Bohus May 2007 CMU-CS-07-124 School of Computer Science Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 … Cited by 14 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 11 versions

How to Wreck a Nice Speech Grammar K Godden – Practical Spoken Dialog Systems, 2004 – Springer … As suggested in Figure 2, the grammars in a directed dialog system will normally be small with little complexity. Directed dialog is the speech counterpart to a touch-tone interface. It accomplishes the task, but is tedium incarnate. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Towards every-citizen’s speech interface: an application generator for speech interfaces to databases [PDF] from psu.edu AR Toth, TK Harris, J Sanders… – … on Spoken Language …, 2002 – isca-speech.org … person-months of effort. More recently, with the widespread commercial use of directed-dialog systems, toolkits were created that further reduced development time to perhaps several person-weeks. Also, speech researchers … Cited by 22 – Related articles – All 10 versions

[PDF] Dialog Trajectory Analysis [PDF] from bstu.by JH Wright, A Abella… – In Proc. of ICASSP, 2004 – neuro.bstu.by … the user’s problem. There also exist directed dialog systems that allow speech input but greatly constrain what the user can say. Quite often these systems do not differ greatly from traditional touch-tone systems. The most flexible … Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Speech Graffiti vs. Natural Language: Assessing the User Experience [PDF] from cmu.edu R Rosenfield… – 2004 – repository.cmu.edu … Would they learn the in- teraction protocol? Would they prefer a more efficient yet structured interaction to one that was more natural, but perhaps less efficient? One approach to structuring interaction is through directed-dialog systems. … Related articles

Method and system for predictive interactive voice recognition GA Watkins… – US Patent App. 20,060/018,440, 2004 – freepatentsonline.com … or availability?” and the caller responds with “availability”. Typically, directed dialog systems are designed to recognize a small set of keywords spoken by a caller. Further improvements to existing IVR systems include natural … Cached

[PDF] An enhanced tool for implementing Dialogue Forms in Conversational Applications [PDF] from unsri.ac.id I Spais… – International Journal of Information …, 2004 – akademik.unsri.ac.id Page 1. An Enhanced Tool for Implementing Dialogue Forms in Conversational Applications Ilias Spais and George Bafas Abstract-Natural Language Understanding Systems (NLU) will not be widely deployed unless they are technically mature and cost effective to develop. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

A Study of Accomodation of Prosodic and Temporal Features in Spoken Dialogues in View of Speech Technology Applications [PDF] from dit.ie S Kousidis – 2010 – arrow.dit.ie Page 1. Dublin Institute of Technology ARROW@DIT Doctoral Applied Arts 2010-01-01 A Study of Accomodation of Prosodic and Temporal Features in Spoken Dialogues in View of Speech Technology Applications Spyridon Kousidis (Thesis) Dublin Institute of Technology … Related articles

[PS] Keyword Selection, And The Universal Speech Interface Project [PS] from cmu.edu S Shriver… – Proceedings of AVIOS, 2002 – speech.cs.cmu.edu … control. Directed dialog systems guide users through a specific dialog path, asking appropriate questions along the way, but these steps can be tedious for experienced users who want to get to their goal more quickly. Command … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML

A statistical mixed-initiative dialog system for 401k management R Balchandran, L Boyer, M Epstein… – Proceedings of HLT …, 2003 – books.google.com … 2. DIALOG SYSTEMS Dialog systems can be classified as: • Limited vocabulary, directed dialog • Natural language, directed dialog • Natural language, mixed-initiative dialog In a limited vocabulary directed dialog system, the system controls the dialog through structured menu … All 2 versions

Dialog system for a man-machine interaction, comprising co-operating dialog devices S Feldes… – US Patent App. 20,040/ …, 2003 – freepatentsonline.com … One advantage of goal-directed dialog systems is their targeted querying of the user information necessary for the specific application. … [0004] In addition to such goal-directed dialog systems, there are also so-called chat dialog systems, also referred to as chat bots. … Cached

System and method for selection of a voice user interface dialogue RR Bushey, BA Knott… – US Patent App. 20,040/ …, 2003 – freepatentsonline.com … Automation rate 138 is an indication of the rate at which user interface selection is more for automated systems (such as a touch tone or directed dialogue system) versus non-automated systems (such as a service representative). … Cached

Method and structure to analyze web client dialogs DA George… – US Patent App. 20,050/144,315, 2003 – freepatentsonline.com … driven dialog transactional system supported by the present invention, an exemplary objective was to bring out the usability differences between a natural-language dialog, a menu-driven system, earlier generations of questionnaire-based directed dialog systems, or simple free … Cached

[PDF] Prototyping the Conversion from a Directed Dialog Speech User Interface to a Natural Commands User Interface [PDF] from 0catch.com JR Lewis – 2003 – drjim.0catch.com … Some of the key features of the resulting program are: • Natural command grammar (always available) • System prompts consistent with natural commands • Nondirective initial prompt (several versions) • Example helps • Fallback to directed dialog • System response dependent … Related articles – View as HTML

Service for analyzing web client dialogs DA George… – US Patent App. 20,050/144,324, 2003 – freepatentsonline.com … driven dialog transactional system supported by the present invention, an exemplary objective was to bring out the usability differences between a natural-language dialog, a menu-driven system, earlier generations of questionnaire-based directed dialog systems, or simple free … Cached

Service for analyzing web client dialogs DA George… – US Patent App. 10/728,864, 2003 – Google Patents … driven dialog transactional system supported by the present invention, an exemplary objective was to bring out the usability differences between a natural-lan- guage dialog, a menu-driven system, earlier generations of questionnaire-based directed dialog systems, or simple …

Method and structure to analyze web client dialogs DA George… – US Patent App. 10/728,755, 2003 – Google Patents … driven dialog transactional system supported by the present invention, an exemplary objective was to bring out the usability differences between a natural-lan- guage dialog, a menu-driven system, earlier generations of questionnaire-based directed dialog systems, or simple …

USING DIRECT VARIANT TRANSDUCTION FOR RAPID DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL SPOKEN INTERFACES H Alshawi… – Current and new directions in discourse and …, 2003 – Springer … For situations when the effort and expertise available to build an application is small, the methods mentioned above are impractical, and highly directed dialog systems with little allowance for language variability are constructed. … Related articles – All 3 versions

Embarking on spoken-language NL interface design [PDF] from psu.edu AK Sinha, SR Klemmer… – International Journal of Speech …, 2002 – Springer … Groups can also be used to give different error messages in different scenarios. Avoice ballooncorresponds to”filling in the blanks” in a directed dialog system, where the user’s re- sponses are used in the subsequent prompts. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 8 versions

Testing Template and Testing Concept of Operations for Speaker Authentication Technology [PDF] from dtic.mil MM Sipko – 2006 – DTIC Document Page 1. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited TESTING TEMPLATE AND TESTING CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS FOR SPEAKER AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY by Marek M. Sipko … Library Search – All 4 versions

Out-of-Vocabulary Word Modeling and Rejection for Spanish Keyword Spotting Systems C Heriberto… – MICAI 2002: Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 2002 – Springer … both keywords and OOV words. 1 Introduction In directed-dialog systems deployed in Mexico, we have observed a high percent- age of out-of-vocabulary speech, especially immediately following deployment. Most of the out-of … Related articles

Dynamic and adaptable system and method for selecting a user interface dialogue model BA Knott… – US Patent App. 20,040/066,416, 2002 – freepatentsonline.com … Automation rate 138 is an indication of the rate at which user interface selection is more for automated systems (such as a touch tone or directed dialogue system) versus non-automated systems (such as a service representative). … Cached

Asynchronous access to synchronous voice services PSJ Brittan – US Patent App. 10/493,330, 2002 – Google Patents … [0009] The advantage to the user of directed dialogue systems is that the style of dialogue is typically short and concise. … [0010] Conversely, the major draw back with directed dialogue systems is the constraints that they place on the user. …

Asynchronous access to synchronous voice services P John – US Patent App. 20,050/055,403, 2002 – freepatentsonline.com … The advantage to the user of directed dialogue systems is that the style of dialogue is typically short and concise. … Conversely, the major draw back with directed dialogue systems is the constraints that they place on the user. … Cached

Biasing a speech recognizer based on prompt context ME Epstein… – US Patent App. 20,050/137,868, 2003 – freepatentsonline.com … Such mechanisms typically are used in a global sense within speech systems. In directed dialog systems like VoiceXML, the program that generates the prompt also returns the grammars used on the next turn to decode the prompt. … Cached

Creating a speech recognition grammar for alphanumeric concepts Y Wang, Y Ju, LA Collins… – US Patent App. 20,060 …, 2004 – freepatentsonline.com … Instead, they resorted to grammar libraries and database entries (eg, city names from an application database) for solutions. Nevertheless, a majority of the spoken language systems deployed so far are system-initiative, directed dialog systems. … Cached

[PDF] Strategies for Enterprise Voice Enabled Web Projects [PDF] from psu.edu B Duggan – 2003 – Citeseer … Additionally, more realistic expectations for speech systems have meant a shift in the types of solutions being developed – from continuous large vocabulary dictation systems, to limited vocabulary, directed dialogue systems. Successful telephony, … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] MARTIN JIGSTAM, ERICSSON MICROWAVE SYSTEMS AB JONAS LINDH, INSTITUTIONEN FÖR LINGVISTIK [PDF] from gu.se C FRITHIOF – 2005 – cling.gu.se Page 1. TALARVERIFIERING ? en röstbiometrisk autentiseringsmetod MAGISTERUPPSATS I DATALINGVISTIK DATALINGVISTIKPROGRAMMET INSTITUTIONEN FÖR LINGVISTIK GÖTEBORGS UNIVERSITET MAJ 2005 FÖRFATTARE: CHRISTIAN FRITHIOF … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions