Discourse Unit & Dialog Systems


Notes:

Discourse is the name given to stretches of language longer than one sentence. Discourse structure is how a text is structured overall, in other words how its parts are assembled. A discourse unit is an identifiable structure within a discourse.

  • Argumentation mining
  • Discourse model
  • Discourse structure
  • Discourse tagging

Resources:

Wikipedia:

References:

See also:

100 Best Discourse Analysis Videos | Discourse Segmentation & Dialog Systems


A hierarchical neural autoencoder for paragraphs and documents
J Li, MT Luong, D Jurafsky – arXiv preprint arXiv:1506.01057, 2015 – arxiv.org
… difficult. To understand how discourse units are connected, one has to under- stand the communicative function of each unit, and the role it plays within the context that en- capsulates it, recursively all the way up for the entire text …

Feedback in conversation as incremental semantic update
A Eshghi, C Howes, E Gregoromichelaki, J Hough… – 2015 – qmro.qmul.ac.uk
… Traum (1994) develops a formal model of grounding in which grounding acts at the level of individual utterances build up discourse units, at which level core speech acts are realised through being … Models of grounding have been recently explored in practical dialogue systems …

A survey of available corpora for building data-driven dialogue systems
IV Serban, R Lowe, P Henderson, L Charlin… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2015 – arxiv.org
Page 1. A Survey of Available Corpora for Building Data-Driven Dialogue Systems Iulian Vlad Serban … In the area of dialogue systems, the trend is less obvious, and most practical systems are still built through significant engineering and expert knowledge …

Entrainment and turn-taking in human-human dialogue
R Levitan, S Benus, A Gravano, J Hirschberg – AAAI Spring Symposium on …, 2015 – aaai.org
… mean latency between turns is similar. These findings can be exploited in the design of spoken dialogue systems to facilitate turn-taking behaviors that are associated with good system performance. Long la- tencies, for example …

Learning to respond with deep neural networks for retrieval-based human-computer conversation system
R Yan, Y Song, H Wu – Proceedings of the 39th International ACM SIGIR …, 2016 – dl.acm.org
… Beyond a single sentence, some studies are aimed to capture the relationship between two sentences—known as sentence pair modeling—with applications like paraphrase detection [5], discourse unit recognition [45], textual entailment recognition [27], etc …

Using Summarization to Discover Argument Facets in Online Ideological Dialog
A Misra, P Anand, JEF Tree, M Walker – arXiv preprint arXiv:1709.00662, 2017 – arxiv.org
… c 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics Using Summarization to Discover Argument Facets in Online Idealogical Dialog Amita Misra, Pranav Anand, Jean Fox Tree, and Marilyn Walker UC Santa Cruz Natural Language and Dialogue Systems Lab 1156 N. High …

A dialogue system for telugu, a resource-poor language
MC Sravanthi, K Prathyusha, R Mamidi – International Conference on …, 2015 – Springer
… We can observe that context is also handled up to many discourse units ie to answer U3, U4 we need context informa- tion from U2 … 2 Related Work There has been a lot of progress in the field of dialogue systems in last few years …

The hri-cmu corpus of situated in-car interactions
D Cohen, A Chandrashekaran, I Lane… – Situated Dialog in Speech …, 2016 – Springer
… While corpora exist to develop and evaluate the performance of component technologies within spoken dialog systems, there is limited data available on situated tasks in the real-world … This is a domain-specific example of a grounding discourse unit [25] …

Adaptive grounding and dialogue management for autonomous conversational assistants for elderly users
R Yaghoubzadeh, K Pitsch, S Kopp – International Conference on …, 2015 – Springer
… The central insight from the experiments is that the information grounding process in a multimodal spoken dialogue system for people with cognitive … in assumptions and evidence between arbitrary points in the past and the present and also to refer to past discourse units …

Minimal narrative annotation schemes and their applications
E Rahimtoroghi, T Corcoran, R Swanson… – Seventh Intelligent …, 2014 – aaai.org
… Elahe Rahimtoroghi, Thomas Corcoran, Reid Swanson, and Marilyn A. Walker Natural Language and Dialogue Systems Lab University of … These theories of discourse codify the relationships between elementary discourse units (eg, clauses, phrases, etc.), such as elaboration …

Cognitive discourse analysis: Accessing cognitive representations and processes through language data
T Tenbrink – Language and Cognition, 2015 – cambridge.org
… Anderson, 1997). Further useful ideas about segmentation and the definition of discourse units can be found, for instance, in Allen ( 2000 ), Degand and Simon ( 2009 ), Denis ( 1997 ), and Krippendorff ( 2004 ). However, for …

Theoretical foundations for illocutionary structure parsing 1
K Budzynska, M Janier, C Reed… – Argument & …, 2016 – content.iospress.com
… [16]. J. Mackenzie, Four dialogue systems, Studia Logica 51: ((1990) ), 567–583. doi:10.1007/BF00370166. [17] … Journal of Pragmatics 37: ((2005) ), 433–460. [27]. H. Schauer, From elementary discourse units to complex ones, in: SIGDIAL ’00, 2006. [28] …

Identifying narrative clause types in personal stories
R Swanson, E Rahimtoroghi, T Corcoran… – Proceedings of the 15th …, 2014 – aclweb.org
… Reid Swanson, Elahe Rahimtoroghi, Thomas Corcoran and Marilyn A. Walker Natural Language and Dialog Systems Lab University of California Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA {reid,elahe,maw}@soe … L&W’s theory applies to sub- sentence discourse units in a narrative …

Measuring the similarity of sentential arguments in dialog
A Misra, B Ecker, MA Walker – arXiv preprint arXiv:1709.01887, 2017 – arxiv.org
… c 2016 Association for Computational Linguistics Measuring the Similarity of Sentential Arguments in Dialog Amita Misra, Brian Ecker, and Marilyn A. Walker University of California Santa Cruz Natural Language and Dialog Systems Lab 1156 N. High …

A quantitative view of feedback lexical markers in conversational French
L Prévot, B Bigi, R Bertrand – Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2013 …, 2013 – aclweb.org
… Moreover, it has been annotated with various linguistic information (Prosodic Phrasing, Discourse units, Syntactic tags, …) Blache et al., 2010) which will allow us later to take … 2011. Toward con- struction of spoken dialogue system that evokes users’ spontaneous backchannels …

Resolving discourse-deictic pronouns: A two-stage approach to do it
SK Jauhar, R Guerra, EG Pellicer… – Proceedings of the Fourth …, 2015 – aclweb.org
… range of ap- plications such as summarization (Steinberger et al., 2007), textual entailment (Mirkin et al., 2010), in- formation extraction (McCarthy and Lehnert, 1995), and dialogue systems (Strube and … We define this condition in terms of what Webber calls discourse units …

Coherence and cohesion for the assessment of text readability
A Todirascu, T François, N Gala, C Fairon… – Natural Language …, 2013 – researchgate.net
… morpho-syntactic (gender and number agreement) and syntactic constrains (syntactic parallelism) to remain the centre of the discourse unit … focus on specific anaphora type (Lassalle and Denis, 2011) or specific domains or tasks (human-machine dialogue systems (Salmon-Alt …

Natural language generation in interactive systems
A Stent, S Bangalore – 2014 – books.google.com
… book and the accompanying website feature a comprehensive bibliography, and refer the reader to corpora, data, software, and other resources for pursuing research on natural language generation and interactive systems, including dialogue systems, multimodal interfaces …

Multimodal analysis of “well” as a discourse marker in conversation: A pilot study
GE Baiat, M Coler, M Pullen… – … ), 2013 IEEE 4th …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
… the role of nonverbal behaviors in conveying conversation structure enables improvements in the naturalness of embodied dialogue systems, such as … the primary function of bringing to the listener’s attention a particular kind of attention between the discourse unit it introduces …

What Are They Achieving Through the Conversation? Modeling Guide–Tourist Dialogues by Extended Grounding Networks
E Mizukami, H Kashioka – Natural Interaction with Robots, Knowbots and …, 2014 – Springer
… They would have to repeat a similar process to accomplish their goal, that is, U gets the answer he/she wanted, eg, “the way to the nearest Japanese restaurant.” To develop a collaborative dialogue system, it is … Traum’s model consists of discourse unit and seven grounding acts …

Computational Approaches to Dialogue
D Traum – The Routledge Handbook of Language and Dialogue, 2017 – books.google.com
… of the speech acts model of grounding of Traum and Allen (1992) and Traum (1994), which makes use of local structures for each ‘discourse unit’as well … This is not a problem for the majority of dialogue systems that play a role that is either a tool for the human user to accomplish …

Processing units in conversation: A comparative study of French and Mandarin data
L Prévot, SC Tseng, K Peshkov… – Language and …, 2015 – journals.sagepub.com
Human spoken language production is directed towards communication delivering comprehensible information to recipients. Speech segmentation into small units eff…

Multimodal Discourse: In Search of Units.
A Kibrik, O Fedorova, J Nikolaeva – EAPCogSci, 2015 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
… More specifically, the prosodically identified elementary discourse unit can be shown to be coordinated with the verbal channel and with the gestural channel … Handbook of multimodal and spoken dialogue systems: Resources, terminology and product evaluation …

Method for aspect-based sentiment annotation using rhetorical analysis
? Augustyniak, K Rajda, T Kajdanowicz – Asian Conference on Intelligent …, 2017 – Springer
… Then we extracted Elementary Discourse Units (EDUs) from the DT and each EDU was processed through the Logistic Regression … M., Mrksic, N., Su, PH., Vandyke, D., Young, S.: Semantically conditioned LSTM-based natural language generation for spoken dialogue systems …

Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the Special Interest Group on Discourse and Dialogue
R Fernandez, W Minker, G Carenini… – Proceedings of the 17th …, 2016 – aclweb.org
… 12:00–12:25 The Role of Discourse Units in Near-Extractive Summarization Junyi Jessy Li, Kapil Thadani and Amanda Stent 14:20–15:20 Poster Session 2 Initiations and Interruptions in a Spoken Dialog System Leah Nicolich-Henkin, Carolyn Rose and Alan W Black …

Tutor Dialogue Planning with Contextual Information and Discourse Structure
R Fisher, R Simmons – cs.cmu.edu
… Structure Theory (RST), an example of which is shown in Figure 1. RST defines tree-like structures of discourse relations over atomic discourse units … A Contextual Knowledge Base is a set of facts about a user and the environ- ment [9]. In dialogue systems, examples of entries …

Graph representations of discourse structure
E Mitocariu – International Journal of Advanced Intelligence …, 2016 – inderscienceonline.com
… A dialogue system is a system with which can have a conversation on a specific topic … The resulting discourse structure is a tree-like structure where the leaves are elementary discourse units and the inner nodes are discourse relations that specify the relations between the …

Do Human-Agent Conversations Resemble Human-Human Conversations?
D Griol, JM Molina – Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, 12th …, 2015 – Springer
… Keywords: Domain Knowledge Acquisition, Dialog Structure Annota- tion, Conversational Agents, Spoken Interaction, Spoken Dialog Systems … For instance, TextTiling [1] is a two step algo- rithm for the segmentation of texts into discourse units that are meant to reflect the topic …

Loqui Human-Human Dialogue Corpus (Transcriptions and Annotations)
R Passonneau, E Sachar – 2014 – academiccommons.columbia.edu
The testbed application, the CheckItOut dialogue system, was modeled on a corpus of telephone transactions between patrons and … contains annotations that capture dialogue acts, adjacency pairs (eg, links between questions and their answers), discourse units, and specificity …

Summarizing Dialogic Arguments from Social Media
A Misra, S Oraby, S Tandon, P Anand… – arXiv preprint arXiv …, 2017 – arxiv.org
… Misra, Shereen Oraby, Shubhangi Tandon, Sharath TS, Pranav Anand and Marilyn Walker UC Santa Cruz Natural Language and Dialogue Systems Lab 1156 … In this work, RST elementary discourse units (EDU’s) are used as SCU’s for extractive summarization of news articles …

Can Discourse Relations be Identified Incrementally?
F Yung, H Noji, Y Matsumoto – Proceedings of the Eighth International …, 2017 – aclweb.org
… On top of generating more natural and timely response in dialogue systems and im- proving language modeling in speech recognition … 1997), existing methods of discourse parsing rely on a pipeline, in which the raw text is first segmented into discourse units, mostly clauses or …

Virtual debate coach design: assessing multimodal argumentation performance
V Petukhova, T Mayer, A Malchanau… – Proceedings of the 19th …, 2017 – dl.acm.org
… The collected data consists of 12 sessions with a duration of 2.5 hours, comprising 400 arguments (Argumentative Discourse Units, ADUs7) from 6 different bilingual English/Greek speakers, referred to further as the Debate Trainees Corpus (DTC) …

Aspectual properties of conversational activities
RJ Passonneau, B Guan, CH Yeung, Y Du… – Proceedings of the 15th …, 2014 – aclweb.org
… and Cost Annotation (TSCA), was aimed at identifying individual dialog tasks analogous to those carried out by spoken dialog systems, to fa … sequences in which the participants continued to pursue a single co- ordinated activity, and labeling the large discourse units for their …

Towards Reasoned Modality Selection in an Embodied Conversation Agent
C Ten-Ventura, R Carlini, S Dasiopoulou, GL Tó… – … on Intelligent Virtual …, 2017 – Springer
… The relations hold between elementary discourse units (EDU) (usually, individual facts) to which one or several modalities are assigned … and addressee profile features, it is different from most of the approaches to modality handling in multimodal dialogue systems, which tend …

Context Awareness and Personalization in Dialogue Planning
RWH Fisher – 2014 – cs.cmu.edu
… However, such a reinforcement signal is not always easily observable, as such, it may be preferable to use inverse reinforcement learning (also called imitation learning) to train a dialogue system using human demonstration [10] …

Discourse Markers in Written English Texts in a Multilingual Setting: A Comparative Study of High School English in the Schools of Assam
B Chetia – Language in India, 2013 – languageinindia.com
… OK “OK” has a rather informal status in spoken English, but can have many uses in spoken dialogue systems, depending on the level of formality required for the service … 6) The subjects used ‘basically, generally’ to summarize a discourse unit. Page 18 …

Inducing document plans for concept-to-text generation
I Konstas, M Lapata – Proceedings of the 2013 Conference on Empirical …, 2013 – aclweb.org
… Grammar RST (Mann and Thompson, 1988) is a theory of text organization which provides a frame- work for analyzing text. A basic tenet of the the- ory is that a text consists of hierarchically organized text spans or elementary discourse units (EDUs) that …

Measuring the differences between human-human and human-machine dialogs
D Griol, J Molina – 2015 – gredos.usal.es
… Our study has been performed using a dialog system called Facilisimo … For instance, TextTiling (Hearst, 1994) is a two step algorithm for the segmentation of texts into discourse units that are meant to reflect the topic flow on the text …

A deep reinforced model for abstractive summarization
R Paulus, C Xiong, R Socher – arXiv preprint arXiv:1705.04304, 2017 – arxiv.org
Page 1. arXiv:1705.04304v1 [cs.CL] 11 May 2017 A Deep Reinforced Model for Abstractive Summarization Romain Paulus, Caiming Xiong and Richard Socher {rpaulus,cxiong,rsocher}@salesforce.com Abstract Attentional, RNN …

A Computational Model of Non-Cooperation in Natural Language Dialogue
B Plüss – 2014 – oro.open.ac.uk
… 22 2.2 Characterisation of information-seeking dialogues . . . . . 28 2.3 Architecture of the trains Dialogue System . . . . . 36 2.4 Discourse Actor Algorithm of the trains Dialogue System . 37 3.1 Annotated fragment of the Paxman-Howard interview . . . . 66 …

Unimodal and Bimodal Backchannels in Conversational English
G Ferré, S Renaudier – SEMDIAL 2017, 2017 – hal.archives-ouvertes.fr
… the research presented in the previ- ous section, that often described unimodal BCs, we want to know what the gaze pattern is in a sequence that contains a unimodal or bimodal BC, where BCs occur in relation to the main speaker’s turn and within a discourse unit, and if …

Enthymemes in Dialogue: A micro-rhetorical approach
E Breitholtz – 2014 – gupea.ub.gu.se
Page 1. Enthymemes in Dialogue A micro-rhetorical approach Ellen Breitholtz Page 2. Page 3. Enthymemes in Dialogue Page 4. Page 5. Enthymemes in Dialogue A micro-rhetorical approach Ellen Breitholtz Page 6. Doctoral dissertation …

Eye behavior in Russian spoken interaction and its correlation with af?rmation and negation
E Grishina – Approaches to Slavic Interaction, 2013 – books.google.com
… Russian Sign Language uses blinking to serve as a marker at the boundaries of elementary discourse units (Prozorova 2009 … 1999.“Embodied Conversation: Integrating Face and Gesture into Automatic Spoken Dialogue System.” In Spoken Dialogue Systems, Susann Luperfoy …

The sensei project: Making sense of human conversations
G Riccardi, F Bechet, M Danieli, B Favre… – … Workshop on Future …, 2015 – Springer
… 3, pp. III–25. IEEE (2003)Google Scholar. 4. Ghosh, D., Muresan, S., Wacholder, N., Aakhus, M., Mitsui, M.: Analyzing argumentative discourse units in online interactions. In: Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Argumentation Mining, Baltimore, MD, pp …

David Cameron’s discourse markers in the Andrew Marr show
D Afriyanti – 2015 – repository.uinjkt.ac.id
Page 1. DAVID CAMERON’S DISCOURSE MARKERS IN THE ANDREW MARR SHOW A Thesis Submitted to Letters and Humanities Faculty in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Strata One DEWI AFRIYANTI 1110026000023 …

Paragraph Intonation Patterns among Persian Speakers’ English Interlanguage: The Diversity of Paratones in Focus
ARB Rizi, AE Rasekh – Covenant …, 2016 – journals.covenantuniversity.edu.ng
… Lehiste (1975, 1979, 1982), had also found that high fundamental frequency is often associated with the beginning of discourse units … Lehiste (1975, 1979, 1982), for example, found that high fundamental frequency is often associated with the beginning of discourse units …

D3. 2 Instructional Designs for learning analytics and reflection support
P Van Rosmalen, D Börner, J Van Helvert… – 2014 – dspace.ou.nl
… Project ref. no. ICT – 611073 Project title METALOGUE – Multiperspective Multimodal Dialogue: dialogue system with metacognitive abilities Document status Final version Contractual date of delivery 31 October 2014 Actual date of delivery 21 November 2014 …

The Speech Functions Analysis In Utterances Used By Alex Hitches And Sara Mendes In “Hitch” Movie
CW MARTANTO – Skripsi, Fakulta Ilmu Budaya, 2014 – eprints.dinus.ac.id
… sensitive to