Shallow Parser & Dialog Systems


Shallow Parser & Dialog Systems
Shallow Parsing See also: Tasks Of Natural Language Processing


Rapidly Customizable Spoken Dialogue Systems J Allen – 2009 – DTIC Document … (2008). “Linking Semantic and Knowledge Representation in a Multi-Domain Dialogue System.” Logic and Computation 18(3): 405-430. Dzikovska, M., M. Swift, et al. (2007). … 2004. Skeletons in the parser: Using a shallow parser to improve deep parsing. COLING, Geneva. 8 Related articles All 2 versions

Learning effective and engaging strategies for advice-giving human-machine dialogue M Spitters, M De Boni, J Zavrel… – Natural Language …, 2009 – Cambridge Univ Press … More specifically, in this architecture, a dialogue system engineer first designs the basic dialogue components Page 8. 362 M. Spitters et al. Fig. … For parsing we used a memory-based shallow parser called MBSP (Daelemans, Buchholz and Veenstra 1999). … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from illinois.edu [PDF] Word-level prosody in Sotho-Tswana S Zerbian, E Barnard – Proceedings of Speech …, 2010 – speechprosody2010.illinois.edu … 2.1. Morphological analyzer / Shallow Parser … On the other hand, the distinctions that are expressed by tonal differences in otherwise indistinguishable utterances are unlikely to be important in Spoken Dialog Systems, which rely on the availability of substantial contextual … Cited by 11 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from ntu.edu.tw [PDF] Deep semantic analysis of text J Allen, M Swift, W de Beaumont – Symposium on Semantics …, 2008 – speech.ee.ntu.edu.tw … In Proceedings of Workshop on Knowledge and Reasoning in Practical Dialogue Systems at the 18th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-2003), Aca- pulco, Mexico, pp. … Skeletons in the parser: Using a shallow parser to improve deep parsing. … Cited by 25 Related articles All 12 versions

[PDF] from google.com [PDF] Question Answering and Generation AC Graesser, V Rus, Z Cai, X Hu – Applied Natural Language …, 2011 – sites.google.com … Advances in Question Asking/Generation will revolutionize learning and dialogue systems. … Given the sentence, it uses a shallow parser, transformational rules, and WordNet (a lexical database of English; Miller, 1995) to map the sentence into its interrogative form. … Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from uni-potsdam.de Interfacing virtual agents with collaborative knowledge: Open domain question answering using wikipedia-based topic models U Waltinger, A Breuing, I Wachsmuth – Proceedings of the Twenty- …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … Figure 1: Overview of the QA architecture within the dialog system of our conversational agent Max. … each question is represented by the chunk struc- ture and its corresponding wordform, lemma, PoS and named entity class information as determined by the shallow parser. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 8 versions

[PDF] from aclweb.org Semantic interpretation of Dutch spoken dialogue J Geertzen – Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … 286 Page 2. systems. … For this reason, the utterances are additionally parsed with a shallow parser, and the resulting parse is used in case the Alpino parser fails to provide a full parse. As shallow parser, a memory based chunk parser trained for spoken Dutch [4] is employed. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 10 versions

[PDF] from york.ac.uk Designing an interactive open-domain question answering system S Quarteroni, S Manandhar – Natural Language Engineering, 2009 – Cambridge Univ Press … as groups of consecutive, semantically connected words in one sentence, which can be obtained using a shallow parser (in our case … Hence, the design of task-oriented dialogue systems cannot happen without an accurate analysis of the conversational phenomena observed in … Cited by 27 Related articles All 10 versions

[PDF] from rug.nl A logic of semantic representations for shallow parsing A Koller, A Lascarides – Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … varying depth. 1 Introduction Representing semantics as a logical form that sup- ports automated inference and model construc- tion is vital for deeper language engineering tasks, such as dialogue systems. Logical forms can … Cited by 2 Related articles All 12 versions

An Experiment on Resolving Pronominal Anaphora in Hindi: Using Heuristics K Pala, R Begum – Information Systems for Indian Languages, 2011 – Springer … of anaphoric or coreferential links is vital to a number of applications such as machine translation, automatic abstracting, dialogue systems, question answering … This data have been cleaned and parsed through Hindi shallow parser [4]. The parsed data will be in Shakti Standard … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from ed.ac.uk Being old doesn’t mean acting old: How older users interact with spoken dialog systems M Wolters, K Georgila, JD Moore… – ACM Transactions on …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … Dialog Systems MARIA WOLTERS, KALLIRROI GEORGILA, JOHANNA D. MOORE, and SARAH E. MACPHERSON University of Edinburgh … 1. INTRODUCTION In the future, more and more older people will find themselves interacting with Spoken Dialog Systems (SDS). … Cited by 15 Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from upc.edu Semantic services in freeling 2.1: Wordnet and ukb L Padró, S Reese, E Agirre, A Soroa – 2010 – upcommons.upc.edu … are needed for most natural language processing (NLP) applica- tions such as Machine Translation, Summariza- tion, Dialogue systems, Text mining … syntax, senses, and TCO infor- mation to combine into a complete dependency tree the chunks produced by the shallow parser. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 8 versions

System and Method for Generating Natural Language Phrases From User Utterances in Dialog Systems F Weng, L Stoia, J Hu, Z Feng, J Cao – US Patent App. 12/199,520, 2008 – Google Patents … [0035] In the chunking-based approach, a shallow parser may be adopted for spoken language understanding. … For generating the responses in dialog systems after content is decided, it is not necessary to have the user utterances completely parsed. … All 2 versions

[PDF] from userapi.com Using system expectations to manage user interactions F Martins, A Mendes, J Pardal, N Mamede… – … Processing of the …, 2008 – Springer … Mendes, A., Viveiros, M., Paulo Pardal, J., Arez, P., Mamede, N., Neto, JP: Reengineering a domain-independent framework for spoken dialogue systems. … In: ACL Demo Sessions (2005) 5. Swift, M., Allen, J., Gildea, D.: Skeletons in the parser: using a shallow parser to improve … Cited by 2 Related articles All 10 versions

[PDF] from iiit.ac.in [PDF] Experiments on indian language dependency parsing P Kosaraju, SR Kesidi, VBR Ainavolu… – Proceedings of the …, 2010 – ltrc.iiit.ac.in … For Hindi, we show that the utilization of the shallow parser output as features helps in improving the accuracies. … 1 Introduction Natural Language Parsing is useful in major NLP applications like Machine Translation, Dialogue systems, text generation, word sense disambigua … Cited by 6 Related articles All 3 versions

MeteoBayes: Effective plan recognition in a weather dialogue system M Maragoudakis, A Thanopoulos… – Intelligent Systems, …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Particularly for mixed- initiative dialogue systems using natural language, this approach ap- pears not to work well. … It’s a syntactic shallow parser that first identifies clause boundaries and then nonembedded phrases in clauses such as noun phrases, prepositional phrases, verb … Cited by 6 Related articles BL Direct All 12 versions

[PDF] from rochester.edu [PDF] Mining geospatial path data from natural language descriptions N Blaylock, B Swain, J Allen – … of the 1st ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS …, 2009 – cs.rochester.edu … is done by the TRIPS Parser system [1], which is the language understanding component of the TRIPS dialogue system [5]. TRIPS … These include a statistical shallow parser, several large lexical resources including WordNet, and the Stanford Named Entity Recognizer (NER) [4 … Cited by 6 Related articles All 14 versions

[PDF] from itdl.org [PDF] LISTENER: A New Personalized Multimedia Interface for Ubiquitous Learning G Aguilar – INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY, 2009 – itdl.org … Previous works about the development of intelligent tutoring spoken dialogue systems have been developed. … Further research has to be done in order to evaluate the combination of the shallow parser and sentence transformation, which allow the domain independence. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from zcu.cz [PDF] Stochastic Semantic Analysis I Habernal – 2009 – kiv.zcu.cz … Abstract In human-computer dialogue systems, the task of Spoken Language Un- derstanding (SLU) system is to process the input acoustic utterance and transform it into a semantic representation. The goal of semantic analysis is to represent what the subject intended to say. … Related articles

[PDF] from mjmrsc.com [PDF] Semantic frame annotation on the french MEDIA corpus MJ Meurs, F Duvert, F Béchet, F Lefevre… – LREC, Marrakech, …, 2008 – mjmrsc.com … The construction of a new representation of knowledge would allow us to obtain a dialogue system able to be called into question, to propose alternatives and to … This annotation provides labels comparable to seman- tic constituents hypothesized by a semantic shallow parser. … Cited by 6 Related articles All 14 versions

[PDF] from aclweb.org Prepositions in applications: A survey and introduction to the special issue T Baldwin, V Kordoni, A Villavicencio – Computational Linguistics, 2009 – MIT Press … human interaction with those objects. Along these lines, Kelleher and Costello (2009) propose computational models of spatial preposition semantics for use in visually situated dialogue systems. Finally, with locative prepositions … Cited by 13 Related articles All 19 versions

[PDF] from mjmrsc.net [PDF] A bayesian approach to semantic composition for spoken language interpretation MJ Meurs, F Lefèvre, R De Mori – ISCA Interspeech, 2008 – mjmrsc.net … No general agreement exists on what the semantic struc- tures should be in a spoken dialog system. We … This annotation provides labels comparable to se- mantic constituents hypothesized by a semantic shallow parser. However … Cited by 3 Related articles All 7 versions

Contextual filtering R Belvin, S Kadambe – US Patent 7,379,870, 2008 – Google Patents … processing system where a speech utterance is received and Shallow Parser—The term “shallow parser” refers to a 1° analyzed by the system to … mentioned the present invention can also improve perfor- o ^ ^ tt 1 ^1 « ^ ^ 1 i„ j- ^ mance ol the dialogue system applications which … Cited by 7 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from upenn.edu Standoff coordination for multi-tool annotation in a dialogue corpus KJ Rodriguez, S Dipper, M Götze, M Poesio… – Proceedings of the …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … The aim of the LUNA project is to advance the state of the art in understanding conversational speech in Spoken Dialogue Systems (Gupta et al., 2005), (Bimbot et al., 2006). … The se- mantic segments are produced by concatenation of the chunks produced by the shallow parser. … Cited by 16 Related articles All 44 versions

[PDF] from upenn.edu [PDF] Learning to compose effective strategies from a library of dialogue components M Spitters, M De Boni, J Zavrel… – ANNUAL MEETING- …, 2007 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … As an illustration, Table 1 shows an example dialogue, generated by our system. Our dialogue system is text-based, so it does not involve speech recognition. … For utterance pars- ing we used a memory-based shallow parser, called MBSP (Daelemans et al., 1999). … Cited by 3 Related articles BL Direct All 28 versions

EVALUATING PART-OF-SPEECH TAGGING AND PARSING P Paroubek – Evaluation of Text and Speech Systems, 2008 – books.google.com … It is true that since the function of a shallow parser is not to produce a full analysis, the number of constraints it must satisfy … level displayed by a human performing the task under consideration, as Peak (2001) proposes to do when evaluating spoken language dialogue systems. … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from upenn.edu [BOOK] Skeletons in the parser: Using a shallow parser to improve deep parsing M Swift, J Allen, D Gildea – 2004 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … We were interested in seeing if we could take a shallow parser off the shelf, namely the Collins parser, and use its output fairly directly to improve the … limit of 5000, and in the third we used an upper limit of 1500 (the standard value for use in our real-time dialog system to avoid … Cited by 13 Related articles All 38 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Semantic Tagging S Ekeklint – 2008 – Citeseer … Dialogue act-tagging: The dialogue manager keeps track and steer the dialogue act in a dialogue system. … The preferences for selections are easy to think of as relationships between grammatical terms, eg subject-verb, verb-object, the relationships are set by a shallow parser. … Related articles All 10 versions

On the Evaluation of Automatic Parsing of Natural Language P Paroubek – Evaluation of text and speech systems. Text, …, 2007 – books.google.com … It is true that since the function of a shallow parser is not to produce a full analysis, the number of constraints it must satisfy … level displayed by a human performing the task under consideration, as Peak (2001) proposes to do when evaluating spoken language dialogue systems. … Cited by 1 Related articles

[PDF] from fcla.edu [PDF] Robust Dialog Management Through a Context-centric Architecture VC Hung – 2010 – etd.fcla.edu … input is emphasized, this endeavor involves the fundamental issues associated with natural language processing, automatic speech recognition and dialog system design. … 20 Dialog Systems ….. 22 …

[PDF] from sabanciuniv.edu Using semantic analysis to improve speech recognition performance H Erdogan, R Sarikaya, SF Chen, Y Gao… – Computer Speech & …, 2005 – Elsevier … models. In this study, we propose three new language modeling techniques that use semantic analysis for spoken dialog systems. … meaning. Semantic analysis is currently used in limited-domain, task-specific spoken dialog systems. … Cited by 24 Related articles All 13 versions

[PDF] from rochester.edu Chester: towards a personal medication advisor J Allen, G Ferguson, N Blaylock, D Byron… – Journal of Biomedical …, 2006 – Elsevier … Journal of Biomedical Informatics Volume 39, Issue 5, October 2006, Pages 500-513 Dialog Systems for Health Communications. … Keywords: Spoken dialogue system; Personal medical advisor; Prescription compliance; Artificial intelligence. Article Outline. … Cited by 26 Related articles All 26 versions

Evaluating Part-of-Speech Tagging and Parsing Patrick Paroubek P Paroubek – Evaluation of Text and Speech Systems, 2007 – Springer … It is true that since the function of a shallow parser is not to produce a full analysis, the number of constraints it must satisfy … level displayed by a human performing the task under consideration, as Peak (2001) proposes to do when evaluating spoken language dialogue systems. … Related articles

[PDF] from aaaipress.org Natural language assistant: A dialog system for online product recommendation J Chai, V Horvath, N Nicolov, M Stys, N Kambhatla… – AI Magazine, 2002 – aaai.org … TANT (NLA), a web-based natural language dialog system to help users find relevant products on electronic-commerce sites. … Once the input is received by the hub, the shallow parser parses it and captures important expressions that are used to describe certain features of … Cited by 26 Related articles BL Direct All 15 versions

[PDF] from sivajibandyopadhyay.com [PDF] MULTILINGUAL RESTRICTED DOMAIN QA SYSTEM WITH DIALOGUE MANAGEMENT (BENGALI AND TELUGU AS A CASE STUDY) P PAKRAY – 2007 – sivajibandyopadhyay.com … 25 2.2.6 Evaluation of Dialogue Systems 25 Chapter 3: Design of the Multilingual RDQA System 3.1 System Architecture 27 3.2 Domain and Linguistic Model 28 3.3 Railway Database Management 32 3.4 Multilingual Shallow Parser 32 3.4.1 Morphosemantic Tagging 33 … Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from upenn.edu Online statistics for a unification-based dialogue parser M Elsner, M Swift, J Allen, D Gildea – Proceedings of the Ninth …, 2005 – dl.acm.org … Amanda J. Stent. 2001. Dialogue Systems as Conversa- tional Partners. Ph.D. thesis, University of Rochester. Mary Swift, James Allen, and Daniel Gildea. 2004. Skeletons in the parser: Using a shallow parser to im- prove deep parsing. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 32 versions

Towards semi-automatic extraction of lexical semantics relations for Polish M Piasecki – International Journal of Intelligent Information and …, 2008 – Inderscience … In the years 1994–2003, he was working in the area of formal semantics of Natural Language and dialogue systems. … There is no shallow parser for Polish, but a part of TaKIPI engine can be used for this purpose, namely the implementation of the language of morpho-syntactic … Related articles All 7 versions

[PDF] from uu.se [PDF] Survey on Swedish language resources K Elenius, E Forsbom, B Megyesi – ØØÔ»» ÛÛÛº× Ô º Ø º×» …, 2008 – numerus.ling.uu.se … 18 31,6% Search and knowledge mining 17 29,8% Language learning 12 21,1% Speech technologies 10 17,5% Other, please specify: 11 19,3% Others specified were: – dialog systems – multimodal systems – translation Page 15. Elenius, Forsbom and Megyesi 7 … Cited by 3 Related articles All 12 versions

Ontology Learning from Text: Methods, Evaluation and Applications Paul Buitelaar, Philipp Cimiano, and Bernado Magnini (editors)(DFKI Saarbrücken, University of … C Brewster – Computational Linguistics, 2006 – MIT Press … the learning of DOGMA-inspired ontologies,” Marie-Laurie Reinberger and Peter Spyns cluster terms by using a shallow parser and identifying … The application in their scenario is the identification of correct speech-recognition hypotheses in dialogue systems, where the correct … Cited by 2 Related articles BL Direct

Strategies to overcome problematic input in a Spanish dialogue system V Arranz, N Castell, M Civit – Text, Speech and Dialogue, 2006 – Springer … 3 Tuning NLP Tools This section describes briefly the tuning of the morphological analyser MACO+ (Morpho- logical Analyzer Corpus Oriented) [11] and the shallow parser TACAT [11] to our dialogue system. Both are robust and wide-coverage tools. Page 3. … Cited by 1 Related articles BL Direct All 5 versions

[PDF] from mt-archive.info [PDF] Comparing rule-based and statistical approaches to speech understanding in a limited domain speech translation system M Rayner, P Bouillon, BA Hockey… – Proceedings of the …, 2004 – mt-archive.info … For the purposes of the present paper, the most important point is that it is easy for a shallow parser to produce this kind … Experience with grammar-based spoken dialogue systems shows that there is usually a substantial overlap between the structures of grammars for different … Cited by 17 Related articles All 10 versions

[PDF] from uwaterloo.ca A Software Testbed for Assessing Human-Robot Verbal Interaction H Bouraoui – 2010 – uwspace.uwaterloo.ca … systems relies on using simple speech commands and may not be considered as full speech dialogue systems. Having these concepts in mind and addressing human-robot verbal issues, speech dialogue systems should be … phrase structure using the shallow parser. … Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from aaaipress.org Fully corpus-based natural language dialogue system N Inui, T Koiso, J Nakamura, Y Kotani – Natural Language Generation in …, 2003 – aaai.org … Outline of Corpus-Based Natural Language Dialogue System Fig. 1 illustrates the whole architecture of our system. … For this reason, we use the N-gram-based shallow parser [Inui 2002a][Inui 2001] shown in Fig. 2. A large parenthesized corpus is easily available. … Cited by 8 Related articles All 5 versions

Ontology-supported Querying of Geographical Databases M Baglioni, E Giovannetti, MV Masserotti… – Transactions in …, 2008 – Wiley Online Library … A possible solution to this problem is the introduction of a dialog system component to interact with the user asking for a reformulation of the … Amsterdam, IOS Press; Lenci A, Montemagni S, and Pirrelli V 2001 CHUNK-IT: An Italian Shallow Parser for Robust Syntactic Annotation. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from arxiv.org Natural Language Processing-A Survey K Mote – arXiv preprint arXiv:1209.6238, 2012 – arxiv.org Page 1. 0 Page 2. 1 INTRODUCTION: “WHY CAN’T COMPUTERS UNDERSTAND PLAIN ENGLISH?” … 1 1. THE PURPOSE: …. 3 1.1 FOUNDATION …

[PDF] from unive.it Towards the assessment of free learner’s utterances in CALL S Boytcheva, I Vitanova, A Strupchanska… – InSTIL/ICALL …, 2004 – isca-speech.org … Knowledge engineers specify the information that the dialogue system must obtain from the user as a set of forms composed of slots. … The shallow parser performs syntactic analysis and logical forms are produced for each sentence. … Cited by 6 Related articles All 11 versions

[PDF] from rochester.edu [PDF] Semi-automatic syntactic and semantic corpus annotation with a deep parser M Swift, M Dzikovska, J Tetreault, JF Allen – LREC’04, 2004 – anon.cs.rochester.edu … The Penn Treebank (Mar- cus et al., 1993) and the Italian Syntax-Semantics Corpus (ISST) (Barsotti et al., 2000) use a shallow parser to gen- erate phrase-structure analyses that are then checked by trained annotators. … Dialogue Systems as Conversational Partners. … Cited by 9 Related articles All 22 versions

[PDF] from uni-bielefeld.de [PDF] Literature review on patient-friendly documentation systems H Åhlfeldt, L Borin, N Grabar, C Hallett, D Hardcastle… – 2006 – pub.uni-bielefeld.de … 37 4.8 Text Simplification and Dialogue . . . . . 38 4.8.1 Text simplification . . . . . 38 4.8.2 Dialogue systems . . . . . 38 4.9 Automated acquisition of lexicon . . . . . … Cited by 4 Related articles All 15 versions

[PDF] from ufsc.br Corpora for computational linguistics C Orasan, LA Ha, R Evans, L Hasler… – Ilha do Desterro A …, 2008 – journal.ufsc.br Page 1. Corpora for computational… 65 Ilha do Desterro Florianópolis nº 52 p. 065-101 jan./jun. 2007 CORPORA FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS Constantin Or Constantin Or|san, Le An Ha, Richard Evans, san, Le An Ha, Richard Evans, Laura Hasler and Ruslan Mitkov … Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from upenn.edu [PDF] Backbone extraction and pruning for speeding up a deep parser for dialogue systems MO Dzikovska, CP Rosé – Scalable Natural Language …, 2006 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … 2 Motivation The work reported in this paper was done as part of the process of developing a dialogue system that incorporates deep natural language understanding. … 2004. Skeletons in the parser: Using a shallow parser to improve deep parsing. In Proceedings of COLING-04. … Related articles All 23 versions

[PDF] from att.com Intelligent virtual agents for contact center automation M Gilbert, JG Wilpon, B Stern… – Signal Processing …, 2005 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … An entity extractor is a sort of shallow parser that is writ- ten in a grammar rule notation. … EVALUATING NL SERVICES Spoken language dialog systems used as virtual agents in con- tact centers are resulting in significant cost savings for numer- ous industries. … Cited by 17 Related articles BL Direct All 8 versions

[PDF] from llsti.org [PDF] The local language speech technology initiative R Tucker, K Shalonova – SCALLA Conf, 2004 – llsti.org … Many of the technologies required in a TTS system are also useful for other speech and language-related applications such as Dialogue Systems, Machine Translation and Information Retrieval. … Shallow parser will probably be developed for this project. … Cited by 13 Related articles All 17 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Comparison of Grammar-Based and Statistical Language Models Trained on the Same Data BA Hockey, M Rayner – Proceedings of the the AAAI Workshop on Spoken …, 2005 – Citeseer … Experience with rule-based spoken dialogue systems shows that there is usually a substantial overlap between the structures of grammars for … First, the recognized string is tokenised using a shallow parser and a phrase grammar that identifies numbers, times, durations in … Cited by 3 Related articles All 16 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu Memory-based robust interpretation of recognised speech P Lendvai, A Bosch, E Krahmer… – 9th Conference Speech …, 2004 – isca-speech.org … Most if not all spoken dialogue systems (SDSs) contain an understanding module that extracts semantic and prag- matic information from the word graph produced … For this end we use a memory-based shallow parser [3] and automatically ana- lyse each path in the word graph. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 14 versions

An approach to automatic text production in electronic medical record systems T Nordgård, M Ranang, J Ven – Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information …, 2005 – Springer … Establishing an n-best list seems most appropriate, and the first item in the list which satis- fies the grammatical constraints of a shallow parser will be assigned the best rank. … A statistical generator using templates in dialogue systems is presented in [10]. … Cited by 1 Related articles BL Direct All 2 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Literature Review on Patient-Friendly Documentation Systems A Hans, L Borin, P Daumke, N Grabar, C Hallett… – 2006 – Citeseer … 37 4.8 Text Simplification and Dialogue . . . . . 38 4.8.1 Text simplification . . . . . 38 4.8.2 Dialogue systems . . . . . 38 4.9 Automated acquisition of lexicon . . . . . … Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from dml.cz Communication with WWW in Czech L Svoboda, L Popelínský – Kybernetika, 2004 – dml.cz … Combining the shallow parser with learning [29] is a challenge that awaits us.  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT … [2] M. Aretoulaki, F. Gallwitz, S. Harbeck, I. Ipsic, J. Ivanecky, V. Matousek, H. Nie- mann, E. Noth, and N. Pavesic: Sqel: A multilingual and multifunctional dialogue system. … Cited by 4 Related articles BL Direct All 9 versions

[PDF] from mdh.se [PDF] An Intelligent FAQ Answering System Using a Combination of Statistic and Semantic IR Techniques L Jianan, P Sävström – 2006 – idt.mdh.se … Originally well known dialogue systems like SHRDLU ( Winograd, 1972) and GUS (Bobrow, 1977) were all built as research systems to help researchers … Srihari and Li (2000) sort to a shallow parser t identify the question type and put it into the corresponding category of their … Related articles

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] A Study on Question Answering System Using Integrated Retrieval Method H Hu – 2006 – Citeseer … 11 question type hierarchy on an extension of the MUC named entity classes and use a shallow parser to identify the question type, or what they call the asking point. Hovy, et al. (2001) constructed a QA typology of 47 categories based on an anal- … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Content assessment in intelligent computer-aided language learning: Meaning error diagnosis for English as a second language SM Bailey – 2008 – Citeseer Page 1. CONTENT ASSESSMENT IN INTELLIGENT COMPUTER-AIDED LANGUAGE LEARNING: MEANING ERROR DIAGNOSIS FOR ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE DISSERTATION Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for … Cited by 10 Related articles All 10 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] State of the art on Semantic Question Answering V Lopez, E Motta, V Uren, M Sabou – 2007 – Citeseer … mechanisms, systems that deal with temporal reasoning, systems that fuse answers from different sources, interactive (dialog) systems and systems … IE is often a necessary component in handling many types of questions; (iii) A robust natural language shallow parser provides a … Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from pascal-network.org [PDF] Memory-Based Shallow Parsing for Text Mining W Daelemans – 2004 – eprints.pascal-network.org … Document Classification Ontology Extraction and Refinement Question Answering Dialogue Systems Shallow Parsing • Steve Abney 1991 (FST) http://www.vinartus.net/spa/ • Ramshaw & Marcus 1995 (TBL) … 7 TEXT Shallow parser Ontology Extraction ANALYZED CORPUS … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from lrec-conf.org [PDF] A Bayesian Model for Shallow Syntactic Parsing of Natural Language Texts M Maragoudakis, N Fakotakis, G Kokkinakis – 2004 – lrec-conf.org … entry. Apart from the lexical value of the syntactic information, the shallow parser outcome could also provide consequential information to dialogue systems, since they determine the agent and the receiver of an action. Furthermore … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from mit.edu Shallow parsing with PoS taggers and linguistic features B Megyesi – The Journal of Machine Learning Research, 2002 – dl.acm.org … Four different aspects need to be addressed in order to build a data-driven shallow parser; the choice and the representation of the … Leaving out the lowest constituents the token belongs to can have drawbacks for several applications, for example in dialog systems or text-to … Cited by 48 Related articles All 21 versions

[PDF] from kth.se Constraint manipulation and visualization in a multimodal dialogue system J Gustafson, L Bell, J Boye, J Edlund… – ISCA Tutorial and …, 2002 – isca-speech.org … This article describes how such search problems are handled in AdApt, a multimodal dialogue system. … In practice, this means that processing can be done with a shallow parser and, furthermore, that the relation between semantic representation and database query is … Cited by 5 Related articles All 11 versions

[PDF] from uni-saarland.de [BOOK] Robust deep linguistic processing Y Zhang – 2008 – coli.uni-saarland.de Page 1. Robust Deep Linguistic Processing Dissertation zu Erlangung des akademischen Grades eines Doktors des Philosophie der Philosophischen Fakultäten der Universität des Saarlandes vorgelegt von Yi Zhang aus Shanghai, China Saarbrücken, 2008 Page 2. ii … Cited by 4 Related articles

[PDF] from rug.nl [PDF] Thin Parsing: A Balance between Wide Scale Parsing and Chunking J Patrick, PH Nguyen – Proceedings of the Australasian …, 2004 – acl.eldoc.ub.rug.nl … most probable rules; and not attach chunks with a size of 1. The results of these models are quite good: the coverage (from 0.5% of original shallow parser) has improved … Context sensitive speech recognition in ISU dialogue systems: Results for the grammar switching approach … Related articles All 14 versions

[PDF] from york.ac.uk [PDF] Advanced Techniques For Personalized, Interactive Question Answering S Quarteroni – 2007 – pisa.cs.york.ac.uk … Page 18. 17 Question Answering in the late 1970s and until the end of the 1980s was tightly linked to human-computer dialogue systems, such as expert systems drawing information from structured knowledge bases. Indeed … Cited by 4 Related articles All 11 versions

[PDF] from archives-ouvertes.fr Comprehensive Framework for MultiModal Meaning Representation A Kumar, L Romary – fifth International Workshop on …, 2003 – hal.archives-ouvertes.fr … output of any structural analysis module, whether implemented as a fully-fledged syntactic parser or as a template (or automata) based shallow parser. … one hypothesis precedes another, etc.) and has at least one participant, that is the speaker, as known by the dialogue system. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Hidden markov model-based supertagging in a user-initiative dialogue system J Bäcker, K Harbusch – Prodeedings of the Sixth International TAG Plus …, 2002 – Citeseer … Abstract In this paper we outline the advantages of deploying a shallow parser based on Supertagging in an automatic dialogue system in a call center that basically leaves the initiative with the user as far as (s)he wants (in the literature called user– initiative or adaptive in … Cited by 3 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from kuleuven.be Spatial role labeling: Towards extraction of spatial relations from natural language P Kordjamshidi, M Van Otterlo, MF Moens – ACM Transactions on …, 2011 – dl.acm.org Page 1. 4 Spatial Role Labeling: Towards Extraction of Spatial Relations from Natural Language PARISA KORDJAMSHIDI, MARTIJN VAN OTTERLO, and MARIE- FRANCINE MOENS, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium … Cited by 6 Related articles All 3 versions

Parsing method S Buchholz – US Patent App. 11/485,299, 2006 – Google Patents … [0014] Language parsers can be used in a variety of applications. For example, text-to-speech synthesis, machine translation, dialogue systems, handwriting recog- nition, spell checking etc. … [0016] Using no parser, a shallow parser or an unlabelled dependency parser provides … Cited by 2 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from ffzg.hr [PDF] Cooperation between black box and glass box approaches for the evaluation of a question answering system M Hurault-Plantet, L Monceaux – LREC2002, 2002 – hnk.ffzg.hr … approaches, black box and glass box, have already been used in the evaluation other modular complex systems such as dialog systems (Simpson and … The analysis of the question reasons about the outputs of a shallow parser in order to extract a number of informa- tions from … Cited by 3 Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from gu.se FROM CORPUS TO LANGUAGE CLASSROOM: reusing Stockholm Umeå Corpus in a vocabulary exercise generator SCORVEX E Volodina – 2008 – gupea.ub.gu.se … The system works in several steps: The first step is term extraction, which consists in identifying key concepts that serve as “anchors” for questions. This is done by identifying noun phrases with help of the FDG shallow parser. … Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from upenn.edu [PDF] Robust semantic role labeling using parsing variations and semantic classes S Yi – 2007 – seas.upenn.edu Page 1. ROBUST SEMANTIC ROLE LABELING USING PARSING VARIATIONS AND SEMANTIC CLASSES Szu-ting Yi A DISSERTATIQN In Computer and Information Science Presented to the Faculties of the University of … Cited by 1 Related articles All 8 versions

[PDF] from uottawa.ca Towards the Development of an Automatic Diacritizer for the Persian Orthography based on the Xerox Finite State Transducer P Nojoumian – 2011 – ruor.uottawa.ca … institutions. For example, modern companies and government organizations try to use efficient automatic dialogue systems to handle high volumes of their client phone calls. TTS systems can be used by the blind and by reader gadgets for millions of readers. … All 2 versions

ARVUTILINGVISTIKA JA KEELETEHNOLOOGIA TARTU ÜLIKOOLIS M Koit, HJ Kaalep, K Müürisep, H Orav, K Vare… – Emakeele Seltsi …, 2011 – ceeol.com Page 1. The following ad supports maintaining our CEEOL service ARVUTILINGVISTIKA JA KEELETEHNOLOOGIA TARTU ÜLIKOOLIS «Development of computational linguistics and language technology at the University of Tartu» … All 2 versions

[PDF] from salford.ac.uk Proper names extraction from fax images combining textual and image features L Likforman-Sulem, P Vaillant… – Document Analysis and …, 2003 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … For instance, the name of a customer calling a call center through a dialogue system can be used to retrieve information about him : history of … For the second type of information, a crude shallow parser is used to check up the presence of simple “proper name patterns”, eg: a first … Cited by 6 Related articles All 13 versions

[PDF] from littlepo.com [PDF] ROBUST SEMANTIC ROLE LABELING USING PARSING VARIATIONS AND SEMANTIC CLASSES Szu-ting Yi MS Palmer – 2007 – littlepo.com … This problem is also addressed within the develop- ment of TRIPS (Allen et al., 2001). TRIPS is a spoken dialogue system that has been implemented for various domains; it performs spontaneous interactions with users who stay focused on the task in question. … Related articles All 3 versions

??????????????; MAGEN: An Adaptive Conversational System Based On Terms ??? – 2006 – ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw … ??????????????,????????????,?????????????????? In this thesis, we present MAGEN, a light-weight dialogue system, which can … where grammar is not followed strictly and mixed with Chinese and English, shallow parser can be …

[PDF] from utah.edu [PDF] USING A “WIZARD OF OZ” STUDY TO INVESTIGATE ISSUES RELATED TO A SPOKEN LANGUAGE INTERFACE FOR PROGRAMMING DE Price – 2007 – cs.utah.edu Page 1. USING A “WIZARD OF OZ” STUDY TO INVESTIGATE ISSUES RELATED TO A SPOKEN LANGUAGE INTERFACE FOR PROGRAMMING by David E. Price A thesis submitted to the faculty of The University of Utah in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of … Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Automatic Pronoun Resolution for Swedish G Algotsson – 2007 – Citeseer … un- derstand” natural language. In dialog systems, for example, the user might express himself with anaphoric pronouns, and the system must usually resolve these anaphors in order to give a relevant answer. Another area is … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from aclweb.org Modeling Regular Polysemy: A Study on the Semantic Classification of Catalan Adjectives G Boleda, S Schulte im Walde, T Badia – Computational Linguistics, 2012 – MIT Press … The semantic properties of adjectives can also be exploited in advanced NLP tasks and applications such as Question Answering, Dialog Systems, Natural Language Generation, or Information … CatCG is a shallow parser that assigns one or more syntactic functions to each word … Cited by 1 Related articles All 8 versions

[PDF] from columbia.edu [PDF] User-sensitive text summarization: Application to the medical domain N Elhadad – 2006 – cs.columbia.edu Page 1. User-Sensitive Text Summarization: Application to the Medical Domain Noemie Elhadad Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY 2006 Page 2. c 2006 … Cited by 8 Related articles All 14 versions

[PDF] from ua.ac.be [PDF] Syntax-based features and Machine Learning techniques for Authorship Attribution K Luyckx – 2004 – cnts.ua.ac.be … Information Retrieval Dialogue Systems Machine Translation Document Classification … This fairly new type of features needs the cooperation of some kind of Natural Language Processing tool, like a Part-of-Speech Tagger or a Shallow Parser (cf. Section 1.3). The … Cited by 1 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from diva-portal.org Language Technology for the Lazy: Avoiding Work by Using Statistics and Machine Learning J Sjöbergh – 2006 – kth.diva-portal.org … NLP is of course a very large research area, including such diverse things as speech recognition, machine translation, text categorization and dialogue systems. … GTA GTA, the Granska Text Analyzer (Knutsson et al., 2003), is a shallow parser for Swedish. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 23 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] GENERATING PARAPHRASES WITH GREATER VARIATION R Madsen – 2006 – Citeseer … recognition output and correct the errors. This technique also helps when coupled with spoken dialogue systems to improve understanding and robustness of the dialogue system. Optical character recognition (Kolak et al., 2003) can also use a noisy channel … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from ed.ac.uk [PDF] A survey of knowledge acquisition from natural language S Potter – TMA of Knowledge Acquisition from Natural Language, 2003 – aiai.ed.ac.uk Page 1. TMA of Knowledge Acquisition from Natural Language 1 A Survey of Knowledge Acquisition from Natural Language 1 Stephen Potter, Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute, Division of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, 80 South Bridge, Edinburgh, EH1 1HN … Cited by 7 Related articles All 12 versions

[TXT] from tdx.cat [BOOK] Combining machine learning and rule-based approaches in Spanish syntactic generation MT Melero Nogués – 2006 – tdx.cat … 11 On the other hand, other applications such as data mining, text summarization, dialogue systems, etc. … It has been designed to apply to a range of tasks, including question answering, dialog systems, database querying, grammar checking, machine translation, etc. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 11 versions

[PDF] from gelbukh.com [PDF] TESIS ST RAMOS – 2006 – gelbukh.com Page 1. TESIS QUE PARA OBTENER EL GRADO DE MAESTRA EN CIENCIAS DE LA COMPUTACIÓN PRESENTA SULEMA TORRES RAMOS Director: Dr. Alexander Gelbukh México, DF Junio, 2006 INSTITUTO POLITÉCNICO NACIONAL … Related articles All 21 versions

[PDF] from ipn.mx Aprendizaje supervisado de colocaciones para la resolución de la ambigüedad sintactica S Torres Ramos – 2006 – repositoriodigital.ipn.mx Page 1. TESIS QUE PARA OBTENER EL GRADO DE MAESTRA EN CIENCIAS DE LA COMPUTACIÓN PRESENTA SULEMA TORRES RAMOS Director: Dr. Alexander Gelbukh México, DF Junio, 2006 INSTITUTO POLITÉCNICO NACIONAL … Related articles

[PDF] from sdu.dk [CITATION] PaNoLa: The Danish Connection E Bick – Nordisk sprogteknologi 2002-Nordic …, 2003 – Museum Tusculanum Press Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions