Stemmer & Dialog Systems


Stemming

Resources: 

Snowball

See also:

Porter Stemmer | Stemming AlgorithmsTasks Of Natural Language Processing


An application of pattern matching stemmer in arabic dialogue system M Hijjawi, Z Bandar, K Crockett, D Mclean – Agent and Multi-Agent Systems …, 2011 – Springer This paper proposes the building of a stemmer for the Arabic language. This stemmer is  largely based on pattern matching and pattern strength techniques. Stemmers are  algorithms to extract root from a word by removing its affixes. Stemming has been applied … Related articles All 3 versions

Method and system for interpreting verbal inputs in multimodal dialog system CC Ma, HM Bliss, YM Cheng – US Patent 7,584,099, 2009 – Google Patents … Multiple Knowledge Sources for Utterance-Level Confidence Annotation in the CMU Communi- cator Spoken Dialog System” Nov. … Stemmer, et al., “Comparison and Combination of Confidence Mea- sures,” Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg, Lehrstuhl fur Mustererken- nung … Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from ed.ac.uk Using natural language processing to analyze tutorial dialogue corpora across domains and modalities D Litman, JD Moore, M Dzikovska, E Farrow – 2010 – lac-repo-live7.is.ed.ac.uk … This corpus is being used to inform the design of the BEETLE (Basic Electricity and Electronics Tutorial Learning Environment) tutorial dialogue system. … NLTK, http://www.nltk.org), a suite of software modules for analyzing text with Python, to implement our stemmer and other … Cited by 24 Related articles All 11 versions

[PDF] from cnrs.fr PEAKS–a system for the automatic evaluation of voice and speech disorders A Maier, T Haderlein, U Eysholdt, F Rosanowski… – Speech …, 2009 – Elsevier … In this study, the latest version as described in detail in ( [Gallwitz, 2002] and [Stemmer, 2005]) was used. A commercial version of this recognizer is used in high-end telephone-based conversational dialogue systems by Sympalog (www.sympalog.com). … Cited by 59 Related articles All 7 versions

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF SEMANTIC CLASSIFIERS IN SPOKEN DIALOG SYSTEMS D Suendermann, K Evanini, J Liscombe… – US Patent App. 12/ …, 2009 – Google Patents … 21, 2010 (54) SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF SEMANTIC CLASSIFIERS IN SPOKEN DIALOG SYSTEMS (76) Inventors: David Suendermann, New York, NY (US); Keelan Evanini, Philadelphia, PA (US); Jackson Liscombe, Brooklyn, NY (US … All 2 versions

[BOOK] Advances in Commercial Deployment of Spoken Dialog Systems D Suendermann – 2011 – books.google.com … Some of the topics covered in this series include the presentation of real life commercial deployment of spoken dialog systems, contemporary methods of speech parameterization, developments in information security for automated speech, forensic speaker recognition, use … Cited by 5 Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from rero.ch When stopword lists make the difference L Dolamic, J Savoy – Journal of the American Society for …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … For the English language, we used both a long list (SMART system) comprising 571 entries and a short one containing nine words (DIALOG system). As a light stemmer, we used the S-stemmer suggested by Harman (1991), which applies three rules to remove the plural suffix … Cited by 11 Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from ncsu.edu [PDF] An affect-enriched dialogue act classification model for task-oriented dialogue F Joseph, E Young, C James – 2011 – intellimedia.ncsu.edu … Moreover, im- plementing adaptations to student uncertainty with- in a dialogue system can improve the effectiveness of the system (Forbes-Riley … Individual word tokens in the utterances were further processed with the Porter Stemmer (Porter, 1980) in the NLTK package (Loper … Cited by 2 Related articles All 11 versions

A multi-expert model for dialogue and behavior control of conversational robots and agents M Nakano, Y Hasegawa, K Funakoshi… – Knowledge-Based …, 2011 – Elsevier … J. Schmidt, G. Stemmer, MOBSY: integration of vision and dialogue in service robots, in: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Computer Vision Systems (ICVS), 2001, pp. 50–62. [5]; T. Konashi, M. Suzuki, A. Ito, S. Makino, A spoken dialog system based on … Cited by 4 Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from aclweb.org [PDF] Learning from student responses: A domain-independent natural language tutor J McDonald, A Knott, R Zeng, A Cohen – Workshop, pages, 2011 – aclweb.org … Finally the classifier is serialised, along with its associated feaureset parameters and saved for use in the dialogue system itself. … Best results were achieved using a combination of the NLTK Porter stemmer on tokenised words, word length, first word, and a custom regular … Related articles All 8 versions

[BOOK] Agent and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications: 5th KES International Conference, KES-AMSTA 2011, Manchester, UK, June 29–July 1, 2011 … J O’Shea, NT Nguyen, K Crockett, RJ Howlett, LC Jain – 2011 – books.google.com … Instruction Dialogue Acts….. 26 James O’Shea, Zuhair Bandar, and Keeley Crockett An Application of Pattern Matching Stemmer in Arabic Dialogue System….. 35 Mohammad Hijjawi … All 3 versions

Semantic speech query via stemmer for Quran documents results MA Yunus, R Zainuddin… – … Devices, Systems and …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. Semantic Speech Query via Stemmer for Quran … [16] present a weakly supervised learning approach for spoken language understanding in domain-specific dialogue systems. They model the task of spoken language understanding as a two-stage classification problem. … Cited by 2 Related articles

[PDF] from aclweb.org Dialogue act modeling in a complex task-oriented domain KE Boyer, EY Ha, R Phillips, MD Wallis… – Proceedings of the 11th …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … The TRIPS dialogue system also closely integrated task and dialogue models, for example, by utilizing the task model to facilitate indirect speech … Individual word tokens in the utterances were further processed with the Porter Stemmer (Porter, 1980) in the NLTK package (Loper … Cited by 6 Related articles All 7 versions

Niusha, the first Persian speech-enabled IVR platform MH Bokaei, H Sameti, H Eghbal-zadeh… – … (IST), 2010 5th …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … like a dialogue system and is illustrated in Figure 1. Generally, an IVR system is a small-scale model of a dialogue system where each … Combination of a 90k lexicon and a stemmer is applied for collecting various phonetic candidates of each word and an HMM-based algorithm … Cited by 1 Related articles

[PDF] from titech.ac.jp [PDF] Investigations of features and estimators for speech-based age estimation T Wada, T Shinozaki, S Furui – Proc. APSIPA ASC, 2010 – furui.cs.titech.ac.jp … REFERENCES [1] T. Hempel, ”Usability of telephone-based speech dialog systems as experienced by user groups of different age and background,” in Proc. … 1605-1608, [11] W. Spiegl, G. Stemmer, E. Lasarcyk, V. Kholhatkar, A. Cassidy, B. Potard, S. Shum, Y. ? Song, P. Xu, P … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from pitt.edu [PDF] Automatic Topic Detection of Recorded Voice Messages C Clemens, S Feldes, K Schuhmacher… – Tenth Annual Conference …, 2009 – cs.pitt.edu … 1. Introduction Research and development of automatic classification in speech dialog systems has been pushed forward in recent years. … Stemmer Stemmed transcription Classifier Transcribed text with highlighted keywords and detected categories Transcription .wav .txt … Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from arxiv.org Accelerating and Evaluation of Syntactic Parsing in Natural Language Question Answering Systems Z Chen, D Wen – arXiv preprint arXiv:0903.0174, 2009 – arxiv.org … Then, how to accelerate the parsing speed of syntactic parser? A NLP system always includes several parts, such as a stemmer module, a word tagging module, and a syntactic parsing module etc. Many algorithms have been proposed for these modules. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 5 versions

Application of automatic speech recognition to quantitative assessment of tracheoesophageal speech with different signal quality T Haderlein, K Riedhammer, E Nöth… – Folia Phoniatrica et …, 2009 – content.karger.com … The replayed sound files were recorded with an au- tomatic dialogue system over the telephone with 8 kHz and 16 bit linear. … More technical details on this method were published in Gallwitz [8] and Stemmer [9] . The output of the system was the recognized word sequence from … Cited by 4 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from tuc.gr A review of ASR technologies for children’s speech M Gerosa, D Giuliani, S Narayanan… – Proceedings of the 2nd …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … In this paper, we review: (1) the acoustic and linguistic properties of children’s speech for both read and sponta- neous speech, and (2) the developments in automatic speech recognition for children with application to spoken dialogue and multimodal dialogue system design. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 2 versions

Acoustic Modeling for Speech Recognition in Telephone Based Dialog System Using Limited Audio Resources R Gajšek, J Žibert, F Mihelic – Text, Speech and Dialogue, 2008 – Springer … 509–512 (1985) 7. Höning, F., Stemmer, G., Hacker, C., Brugnara, F.: Revising perceptual linear prediction (PLP). … Žibert, J., Martincic-Ipšic, S., Hajdinjak, M., Ipšic, I., Mihelic, F.: Development of a bilingual spoken dialog system for weather information retrieval. … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from cmu.edu [PDF] Learning from Imbalanced and Incomplete Data: a Practical Approach W Chen – 2011 – cs.cmu.edu … Off-task speech poses different levels of technical challenges to children’s tutorial dialog systems. … 2006). A stemmer such as the Porter stemmer (MFPorter 1980) or Lovins stemmer (Lovins 1968) will be applied to strip off morphology variations in words. … Related articles

[PDF] from aclweb.org Automatic committed belief tagging V Prabhakaran, O Rambow, M Diab – Proceedings of the 23rd …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … 5 parentLemma S Parent word’s Lemma 6 parentStem S Parent word stem (Using Porter Stemmer) 7 parentSupertag S Parent word’s super tag … A dialog act repre- sents the communicative intention of the speaker, and its recognition is crucial for the building of dialog systems. … Cited by 12 Related articles All 12 versions

Classification, recognition and feedback in text based metacommunication G Szucs, G Magyar – … Infocommunications (CogInfoCom), 2011 …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 5. Last step is the stemming, we have used Tordai’s stemmer [12] in the Hungarian text. … The application area of the results is wide, it can be used for spoken dialogue systems [9], for audiovisual games, for vehicle-human interaction and the speech style is an important for the … Related articles

[PDF] from serviceorientedarchitecturesoa.net [PDF] Using language technology to improve interaction and provide skim reading abilities to audio information services A Jönsson, B Bugge… – Proceedings …, 2008 – serviceorientedarchitecturesoa.net … Natural language dialogue systems are today commercially used for a variety of tasks, and generic dialogue systems are available (eg [1,2]) that provide a repository of frameworks and tools in the form of software code that can … The program also uses the Snowball-stemmer[11]. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

An Approach to Enhance Chatbot Semantic Power and Maintainability: Experiences within the FRASI Project A Augello, G Pilato, A Machi… – … Computing (ICSC), 2012 …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … categories the botmaster can take advantages from the AIML Bootstrap module and moreover to implement a smart dialogue system, he can … configured and modified by introducing specific rules for the italian language in order to reconfigure the english Stemmer, to increment …

[PDF] from stuba.sk Building accurate and robust HMM models for practical ASR systems J Kacur, G Rozinaj – Telecommunication Systems, 2011 – Springer … For a couple of decades there has been a great effort spent in building and employing automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems in areas like information retrieval systems, dialog systems, etc., but only as the technology has evolved to some stage other applications like … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

[HTML] from hindawi.com Segmenting into adequate units for automatic recognition of emotion-related episodes: a speech-based approach A Batliner, S Steidl, D Seppi, B Schuller – Advances in Human-Computer …, 2010 – dl.acm.org Page 1. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Human-Computer Interaction Volume 2010, Article ID 782802, 15 pages doi:10.1155/2010/782802 Research Article Segmenting into Adequate Units for Automatic Recognition of … Cited by 28 Related articles All 22 versions

[PDF] from ua.es Evaluating EmotiBlog robustness for sentiment analysis tasks J Fernández, E Boldrini, J Gómez… – … and Information Systems, 2011 – Springer … 291 (stemmer, lemmatiser, term selection, etc.) also integrating SentiWordNet (Esuli and Sebastiani, 2006) and WordNet (Miller, 1995) as lexical resources … 2008) proposed a data-oriented method for inferring the emotion of a speaker conversing with a dialogue system from the … Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from pitt.edu Reflection and learning robustness in a natural language conceptual physics tutoring system A Ward – 2010 – d-scholarship.pitt.edu Page 1. REFLECTION AND LEARNING ROBUSTNESS IN A NATURAL LANGUAGE CONCEPTUAL PHYSICS TUTORING SYSTEM by Arthur Ward MBA, Carnegie Mellon University MS, Intelligent Systems, University of Pittsburgh Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of … Cited by 3 Related articles All 4 versions

Methods and algorithms for automatic text analysis VA Yatsko – Automatic Documentation and Mathematical …, 2011 – Springer … 3. Nöth, E., Horndasch, A., Gallwitz, F., and Haas, J., Experiences with Commercial Telephone Based Dialogue Systems, Information technology, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 315–321, 2004. 4. Bocklet, T., Stemmer, G., Zeissler, V., and Nöth, E., Age and Gender Recognition Based on … Related articles All 4 versions

A Two-Stage Approach for Context-Dependent Hypernym Extraction B Loos, M DiMarzo – Data Analysis, Machine Learning and Applications, 2008 – Springer … For our approach we worked with named entities, as these are the class of words which are most likely to be new to the dialog system. … 2.1 Data preparation In the preprocessing step standard term vectors where established using the Porter Stemmer. … Cited by 1 Related articles

[PDF] from pitt.edu Semantic cohesion and learning A Ward, D Litman – Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 2008 – Springer … A stem is the “root” form of a word, which we find using a standard Porter stemmer. … Discourse Processes 22, 247–287 (1996) 11. Ward, A., Litman, D.: Cohesion and learning in a tutorial spoken dialog system. In: Proceedings of the 19th International FLAIRS Conference, pp. … Cited by 9 Related articles All 12 versions

[PDF] from sinaidiagnostics.com C< sup> 5</sup> D Suendermann, J Liscombe, K Evanini… – … , 2008. SLT 2008. …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … As mentioned in Section 1, the application of the utter- ance classifier referred to in this paper aims at providing the correct interpretation of a caller’s natural language utterance in the framework of a dialog system. … stemmer algorithm [11]. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 7 versions

Methods and Systems for Searching Using Spoken Input and User Context Information IM Bennett – US Patent App. 12/783,137, 2010 – Google Patents Page 1. US 20100235341A1 (i9) United States (12) Patent Application Publication oo) Pub. No.: US 2010/0235341 Al Bennett (43) Pub. Date: Sep. 16,2010 (54) METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SEARCHING USING SPOKEN … Cited by 3 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from iitk.ac.in [PDF] Capturing Emotions in Sentences S Satapathy, S Bhagwani – Retrieved March, 2012 – cse.iitk.ac.in … Better Computer Interaction System: Many kinds of the communication systems, such as dialogue systems, automatic answering sys- tems and human-like robots, can apply emotion recognition … For eg., stemmer, stemmed and stemming are all reduced to their root word ‘stem’. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 5 versions

Automatic speech recognition (ASR) and its use as a tool for assessment or therapy of voice, speech, and language disorders P Kitzing, A Maier, VL Åhlander – Logopedics Phonatrics …, 2009 – informahealthcare.com … Besides commercially available ASR products for transcription of speech to text, the use of ASR in conversational telephone dialogue systems may be mentioned. … 2nd ed. New YorkUSA: Marcel Dekker; 2000. Stemmer G. Modeling variability in speech recognition. … Cited by 10 Related articles All 2 versions

[HTML] from eurasipjournals.com [HTML] On the Impact of Children’s Emotional Speech on Acoustic and Language Models S Steidl, A Batliner, D Seppi… – EURASIP Journal on …, 2010 – asmp.eurasipjournals.com The automatic recognition of children’s speech is well known to be a challenge, and so is the influence of affect that is believed to downgrade performance of a speech recogniser. In this contribution, we investigate the combination of both phenomena. Extensive test runs are carried …

Methods and Systems for Query-Based Searching Using Spoken Input IM Bennett – US Patent App. 12/783,969, 2010 – Google Patents Page 1. (i9) United States (12) Patent Application Publication Bennett US 20100228540A1 (io) Pub. No.: US 2010/0228540 Al (43) Pub. Date: Sep. 9, 2010 (54) METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR QUERY-BASED SEARCHING … All 2 versions

[PDF] from intechopen.com [PDF] Practical Issues of Building Robust HMM Models Using HTK and SPHINX Systems J Kacur, G Rozinaj – … and Applications. F. Mihelic and J. Zibert. I- …, 2008 – cdn.intechopen.com … For a couple of decades there has been a great effort spent to build and employ ASR systems in areas like information retrieval systems, dialog systems, etc., but only as the technology has evolved further other applications like dictation systems or even automatic transcription … Cited by 4 Related articles All 6 versions

Speech based learning/training system using semantic decoding IM Bennett – US Patent 20,120,265,531, 2012 – freepatentsonline.com … Lewis, D. (1979). Scorekeeping in a language game. Journal of Philosophical Logic 6, 339-359. Litman, DJ, Pan, Shimei, Designing and evaluating an adaptive spoken dialogue system, User Modeling and User Adapted Interaction, 12, 2002. Lochbaum, K. (1994). …

[PDF] from utwente.nl Being bored? Recognising natural interest by extensive audiovisual integration for real-life application B Schuller, R Müller, F Eyben, J Gast, B Hörnler… – Image and Vision …, 2009 – Elsevier Automatic detection of the level of human interest is of high relevance for many technical applications, such as automatic customer care or tutoring systems. Ho. Cited by 69 Related articles All 3 versions

Systems for natural language processing of sentence based queries IM Bennett – US Patent App. 12/559,347, 2009 – Google Patents Page 1. (i9) United States (12) Patent Application Publication Bennett US 20100005081A1 (io) Pub. No.: US 2010/0005081 Al (43) Pub. Date: Jan. 7, 2010 (54) SYSTEMS FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING OF SENTENCE … All 2 versions

[PDF] from uni-erlangen.de The hinterland of emotions: facing the open-microphone challenge S Steidl, A Batliner, B Schuller… – Affective Computing and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Using ‘real- istic data’, however, not only means using spontaneous data, it means as well using all these data as in a dialog system, media retrieval or surveillance tasks. This second, sort of ‘quantitative aspect’, has still been neglected by and large. … Cited by 22 Related articles All 13 versions

[PDF] from unine.ch Searching strategies for the Hungarian language J Savoy – Information processing & management, 2008 – Elsevier … The DIALOG system for example uses only nine items (namely “an”, “and”, “by”, “for”, “from”, “of”, “the”, “to”, and “with”) (Harter, 1986). … In developing such a procedure, we may define a light stemming approach whereby the stemmer removes only inflectional suffixes related to … Cited by 17 Related articles All 7 versions

[PDF] from sepln.org [PDF] Natural Language Processing meets User Modeling for automatic and adaptive free-text scoring DP Marín, IP Nieto, P Rodrígez – Procesamiento de Lenguaje Natural, 2008 – sepln.org … acquire and use limited user models for Natural Language Understanding, and Johansson (2002) gathered several benefits of UM in dialogue systems: providing the … On the other hand, for courses written in a different language, it would be necessary to have a stemmer, a Part … Cited by 1 Related articles All 9 versions

[PDF] from usc.edu [PDF] Combining five acoustic level modeling methods for automatic speaker age and gender recognition M Li, CS Jung, KJ Han – Proc. Interspeech, 2010 – www-scf.usc.edu … [2] J. Ajmera and F. Burkhardt, “age and gender classification using modulation cepstrum,” in Proc. Speaker Odyssey, 2008. [3] W. Spiegl, G. Stemmer, E. Lasarcyk … [4] M. Wolters, R. Vipperla, and S. Renals, “Age recognition for spo- ken dialogue systems: Do we need it?” in Proc. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 4 versions

OntBot: Ontology based chatbot H Al-Zubaide, AA Issa – Innovation in Information & …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … a computer program that interacts with users using natural Languages [2]. Chatbot systems allow to realize simply a dialogue system based on … can employ one of the most effective and widely used stemming algorithms known as Porter stemming algorithm (or ‘Porter stemmer‘). … Cited by 1 Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from illinois.edu [PDF] Acoustic Cues for Automatic Determination of Phrasing A Wagner – Speech Prosody 2010-Fifth …, 2010 – speechprosody2010.illinois.edu … This kind of knowledge can enhance the performance of the language model component of ASR or dialogue systems, eg [2]. … 507-510 [10]Wightman, CW, Syrdal, A., Stemmer, G., Conkie, A. and Beutnagel, M.: Perceptually Based Automatic Intonation labeling and Prosodically … Cited by 1 Related articles All 5 versions

Actor level emotion magnitude prediction in text and speech RA Calix, GM Knapp – Multimedia Tools and Applications, 2011 – Springer … [24], the authors propose a model for detecting the emotional state of a user that interacts with a dialog system. … The text features are extracted using python scripts (Table 1), the Stanford parser, and NLTK [5]. All word tokens were stemmed using the Porter Stemmer to reduce … Cited by 2 Related articles

[PDF] from ugent.be How speaker tongue and name source language affect the automatic recognition of spoken names B Réveil, J Martens, B D’hoore – 2009 – biblio.ugent.be … In a German spoken dialogue system that answers questions about (English) movies, theatres, timetables, etc., the NER dropped by 25% over that of a monolingual system with a knowledge-based mapping of English to German (native) phonemes. … [8] Stemmer, G.; Nöth, E. … Cited by 5 Related articles All 25 versions

[CITATION] Transl8 It: Lingo Text Message to Plain English Text Message Converter for Nokia Series 60 Using Symbian C++ KM Perez, P Prantilla, P Patrick – 2008 Related articles

[PDF] from 193.145.233.67 Evaluating the robustness of EmotiBlog for sentiment analysis and opinion mining E Boldrini, J Fernández Martínez, JM Gómez Soriano… – 2011 – 193.145.233.67 … We also employ NLP techniques (stemmer, lemmatiser, bag of words, etc.) to improve the results ob- tained with the supervised ML models … and Tokuhisa (2008) proposed a data-oriented method for in- ferring the emotion of a speaker conversing with a dialogue system from the … Related articles All 8 versions

[PDF] from muohio.edu Information retrieval on Turkish texts F Can, S Kocberber, E Balcik, C Kaynak… – Journal of the …, 2008 – Wiley Online Library … same word are “ista,” “stan,” “tanb,” “anbu,” and “nbul.” For the word “bir” (ie, one), which contains three characters, the F4 stemmer generates the … For example, the DIALOG system is using only nine items (viz., “an,” “and,” “by,” “for,” “from,” “of,” “the,” “to,” and “with”) (Harter, 1986 … Cited by 42 Related articles BL Direct All 4 versions

Method For Transporting Speech Data For A Distributed Recognition System IM Bennett – US Patent App. 12/123,293, 2008 – Google Patents Page 1. (i9) United States (12) Patent Application Publication BENNETT US 20080300878A1 (io) Pub. No.: US 2008/0300878 Al (43) Pub. Date: Dec. 4, 2008 (54) METHOD FOR TRANSPORTING SPEECH DATA FOR A DISTRIBUTED … All 2 versions

[PDF] from utwente.nl Matching Queries to Frequently Asked Questions: Search Functionality for the MRSA Web-Portal AS Tigelaar, R Akker, F Verhoeven – 2009 – doc.utwente.nl … It also transforms derivatives to their root, as in stemming ‘national’ to ‘nation’. For finding the stem of a word the Porter stemmer was chosen. Both the unstemmed word form and the stemmed variant are added to the index and the query [1, 8, 14]. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 7 versions

[PDF] from uu.nl [PDF] www. clarin. eu KS Quochi, I Vogel – CLARIN, 2009 – www-sk.let.uu.nl Page 1. Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure www.clarin.eu Language Resources and Tools Survey and Taxonomy and Criteria for the Quality Assessment D5C-2 2010-01-15 Version: 1 Editors: Rolf … Related articles

[PDF] from dcu.ie Comparing retrieval effectiveness of alternative content segmentation methods for Internet video search M Eskevich, GJF Jones, C Wartena… – … (CBMI), 2012 10th …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Research in the area of dialogue systems and understanding has drawn from the overall typology of speech acts, concentrating on those that are helpful in conversation processing … Words were stemmed using a variant of the Lovins stemmer [14], packaged in SMART by default. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from udel.edu The automated understanding of simple bar charts S Elzer, S Carberry, I Zukerman – Artificial Intelligence, 2011 – Elsevier … We then used a part-of-speech tagger and a stemmer to implement a type of shallow processing of captions to identify 1) the … Examples of recent work in intended plan recognition include a dialogue system for obtaining weather information [49] and speech and typed command … Cited by 8 Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu Some experiments on clustering similar sentences of texts in portuguese E Seno, M Nunes – Computational Processing of the Portuguese …, 2008 – Springer … in many Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications, such as paraphrase generation [1], automatic summari- zation [4] [5] [6], ontology building [11], digital library systems [13], dialogue systems [15], etc. … During this process, SiSPI makes use of a stemmer [2] and a stoplist. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 8 versions

[BOOK] Statistical Pronunciation Modeling for Non-native Speech Processing RE Gruhn, W Minker, S Nakamura – 2011 – books.google.com … 14 2.5.2 Speech Dialog Systems . . . . . 15 2.5.3 Focus of This Work . . . . . … Non-native speech recognition is an important issue in applications such as speech-to-speech translation devices or speech dialog systems. … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from uu.se [PDF] Survey on Swedish language resources K Elenius, E Forsbom, B Megyesi – ØØÔ»» ÛÛÛº× Ô º Ø º×» …, 2008 – numerus.ling.uu.se … 10 17,5% Other, please specify: 11 19,3% Others specified were: – dialog systems – multimodal systems – translation Page 15. Elenius, Forsbom and Megyesi 7 … 16 28,1% Tokenizer 14 24,6% Morfological segmenter (stemmer, lemmatiser, compound analyser, etc.) 13 22,8% Cited by 3 Related articles All 12 versions

Beyond audio and video retrieval: towards multimedia summarization D Ding, F Metze, S Rawat, PF Schulam… – Proceedings of the 2nd …, 2012 – dl.acm.org … n is the number of terms in the ASR transcript of the video. Note that we remove stop words and use the stemmer to convert every term to its original form before semantic similarity calculation. UNQ(ti) is 1 if ti is included in the unique word list of detected event. … Cited by 1 Related articles

[PDF] from lrec-conf.org [PDF] Representing general relational knowledge in ConceptNet 5 R Speer, C Havasi – … conference on language resources and evaluation …, 2012 – lrec-conf.org … for ex- ample, to build a system for analyzing the emotional con- tent of text (Cambria et al., 2010), to create a dialog system for improving … and reducing the words to a dictionary form (Kudo et al., 2004), and in many European languages we use the Snowball stemmer for that … Cited by 2 Related articles

[PDF] from uni-saarland.de The SEMAINE API: A component integration framework for a naturally interacting and emotionally competent Embodied Conversational Agent M Schröder – 2012 – scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de … and describes how these technologies are put to use to implement a specific type of dialogue system: a fully autonomous implementation of ‘Sensitive Artificial Listeners’ (SAL). … Page 15. 3 Since an ECA-based interactive dialogue system requires multiple input and … Cited by 1 Related articles

[PDF] from dlsu.edu.ph Generating Punning Riddles from Examples BA Hong, E Ong – Universal Communication, 2008. ISUC’08. …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … derived from ConceptNet [7]. Learning begins when the corpus of training examples is preprocessed by the tagger, stemmer, and the … Computer-generated jokes can find application in human-computer dialog systems, where a given keyword can trigger the computer agent to … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from inesc-id.pt A critical survey on the use of Fuzzy Sets in Speech and Natural Language Processing JP Carvalho, F Batista, L Coheur – Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE) …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Linguistics, Vol 28 (2), 105-144, 2002 Page 8. [16] El-Beltagy, SR, Rafea, A., “An accuracy-enhanced light stemmer for arabic text”, ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP), Vol. 4, (2), Article 2, ACM, 2011 [17 … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from boun.edu.tr [PDF] SEARCHING A WEBSITE VIA SPOKEN QUESTIONS M Durukal – 2011 – busim.ee.boun.edu.tr … organizations. Recently, people can encounter spoken dialog systems in different applications and forms in various sectors, substituting call centers. However, most commercially available dialog systems are finite state based. That is to say, these systems allow only … Related articles

[PDF] from ed.ac.uk HMM-based synthesis of child speech O Watts, J Yamagishi, K Berkling, S King – 2008 – lac-repo-live7.is.ed.ac.uk … 2003. [7] J. Gustafson and K. Sjölander. Voice transformations for improving children’s speech recognition in a publicly available dialogue system. In Proc. … 2003. [11] G. Stemmer, C. Hacker, S. Steidl, and E. Nöth. Acoustic normalization of children’s speech. In Proc. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 10 versions

[PDF] from 204.111.14.150 [PDF] COMING LC Rafsky, RP Millett, DW Gunter, L Freund, H O’Brien… – 2009 – 204.111.14.150 Page 1. October/November 2009 Volume 36, Number 1 ISSN: 1550-8366 NEXT PAGE > SPECIAL SECTION … Related articles All 13 versions

Paralinguistics in speech and language—State-of-the-art and the challenge B Schuller, S Steidl, A Batliner, F Burkhardt… – Computer Speech & …, 2012 – Elsevier Paralinguistic analysis is increasingly turning into a mainstream topic in speech and language processing. This article aims to provide a broad overview of the. Cited by 5 Related articles

[PDF] from arxiv.org Natural Language Processing-A Survey K Mote – arXiv preprint arXiv:1209.6238, 2012 – arxiv.org … 5 minutes of questioning.”8 Whether or not this prediction was fulfilled is outside the scope of 6 Stemmer, Brigitte, “An On-Line Interview with Noam Chomsky: On the nature of pragmatics and related issues”, in Brain and Language, Volume 68, # 3, July 1999, pp. …

[PDF] from utl.pt [PDF] MAY: my Memories Are Yours An interactive companion that saves the user’s memories JCF de Campos – 2010 – ist.utl.pt … The project has now two completed prototypes: the Health and Fitness Companion, and the Senior Companion. Both proto- types highlight an advanced spoken dialogue system in the establishment of long term realtions with users. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from uwaterloo.ca Concept Mining: A Conceptual Understanding based Approach S Shehata – 2009 – uwspace.uwaterloo.ca … 39 3.2.2 Example: Stemmer . . . . . … about a document. Stemming algorithms converts any word form into its original base form. One of the popular stemming algorithms is the Porter stemmer [7]. 2.1.2 Text Similarity Measure … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

[PDF] from upv.es [PDF] Towards an optimal ontology construction N Ponomareva – 2008 – users.dsic.upv.es Page 1. Towards an optimal ontology construction A research project report presented by Natalia Ponomareva to The Department of Information Systems and Computation in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the obtention of Diploma of Advanced Studies … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from nus.sg Modeling of non-native speech automatic speech recognition X YUANTING – 2011 – scholarbank.nus.sg Page 1. MODELING OF NON-NATIVE AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION XIONG YUANTING (B.Eng.(Hons.)), NTU A THESIS SUBMITTED FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF COMPUTING DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE … Related articles All 4 versions

A goal-driven approach for service request modeling CHL Lee, A Liu – International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 2010 – Wiley Online Library … All of these string similarity measuring functions can be found in Ref. 19. Finally, the other vectors consists of the Soundex score and service request stemmer score between the service request and the description part. Soundex … Cited by 1 Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from vnu.edu.vn [PDF] Non-native Pronunciation Variation Modeling for Automatic Speech Recognition M Kim, YR Oh, HK Kim – SCIYO. COM, 2010 – tainguyenso.vnu.edu.vn Page 93. 6 Non-native Pronunciation Variation Modeling for Automatic Speech Recognition Mina Kim1, Yoo Rhee Oh2 and Hong Kook Kim2 1Mobile Communication Department, LG Electronics 2School of Information and Communications … Cited by 1 Related articles All 10 versions

[BOOK] Cognition and pragmatics D Sandra, JO Östman, J Verschueren – 2009 – books.google.com … formalisms and frames 24 4.4 Rule-based formalisms 26 5. Linguistic symbol manipulation in semantics and pragmatics 27 5.1 Semantics 28 5.2 Knowledge and intentions 29 5.3 Utterances in context 30 5.4 Modeling the user 31 5.4.1 User modeling and dialog systems 31 5.4 … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from googlecode.com [PDF] Metode de ierarhizare ˆin Regasirea Informatiei C Avasˆilcai, LDM Popescu – 2010 – calinsprojects.googlecode.com … Sisteme mari de RI cum ar fi Lockheed Dialog system, au fost date in folosint?a la inceputul anilor 1970. … Cum hot?arâm care dintre aceste tehnici sunt eficiente in anumite aplicatii? Este idicat?a folosirea unui stop list sau a unui stemmer? … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from hindawi.com Exploring the effect of differences in the acoustic correlates of adults’ and children’s speech in the context of automatic speech recognition S Ghai, R Sinha – EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music …, 2010 – dl.acm.org Page 1. Hindawi Publishing Corporation EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing Volume 2010, Article ID 318785, 15 pages doi:10.1155/2010/318785 Research Article Exploring the Effect of Differences in the Acoustic … Cited by 1 Related articles All 17 versions

[PDF] from dtic.mil Innovation Engine for Blog Spaces A Lorincz – 2011 – DTIC Document Page 1. AFRL-AFOSR-UK-TR-2011-0040 Innovation Engine for Blog Spaces Andras Lorincz Neumann János Számítógép-tudományi Társaság Eotvos Lorand University Department of Information Systems Pazmany Peter setany 1/C Budapest, Hungary H-1117 … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from illinois.edu [BOOK] Affect in text and speech ECO Alm – 2008 – books.google.com … see Wilson, Wiebe, and Hoffman (2005) for a discussion within the context of sentiment analysis), or considering affective meaning and its instantiations within machine translation, literary analysis, language learning, or educational or service-related dialogue systems, and so … Cited by 35 Related articles All 9 versions

[PDF] from ui.ac.id [PDF] A survey of bahasa Indonesia NLP research conducted at the University of Indonesia M Adriani, R Manurung – Proceedings of the 2nd International MALINDO …, 2008 – cs.ui.ac.id … There is a great need for Indonesian-aware NLP resources and applications, ie lexicons, parsers, dialogue systems, machine translation, information retrieval systems. … Call num- ber: SK-0615. [18] M. Ichsan and M. Adriani. Corpus based stemmer for ba- hasa indonesia. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 7 versions

[PDF] from islu.ru [PDF] ????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? – ?????????? ???????????????? ???????????????? …, 2012 – islu.ru … ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????: ??????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????, ???????, ?? ????- ???? ????????????? (CD Paice ? g. husk), ????? ???????? Paice/husk stemmer [Paice, 1990]. ?. … All 2 versions

[PDF] from psu.edu [PDF] Content assessment in intelligent computer-aided language learning: Meaning error diagnosis for English as a second language SM Bailey – 2008 – Citeseer Page 1. CONTENT ASSESSMENT IN INTELLIGENT COMPUTER-AIDED LANGUAGE LEARNING: MEANING ERROR DIAGNOSIS FOR ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE DISSERTATION Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for … Cited by 10 Related articles All 10 versions

[PDF] from cmu.edu Linguistic structure prediction NA Smith – Synthesis Lectures on Human Language …, 2011 – morganclaypool.com … Semantic Role Labeling Martha Palmer, Daniel Gildea, and Nianwen Xue 2010 Spoken Dialogue Systems Kristiina Jokinen and Michael McTear 2009 Introduction to Chinese Natural Language Processing Kam-Fai Wong, Wenjie Li, Ruifeng Xu, and Zheng-sheng Zhang 2009 … Cited by 10 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from eurasip.org [PDF] Statistical and discriminative language modeling for Turkish large vocabulary continuous speech recognition E Arisoy – 2009 – theses.eurasip.org Page 1. STATISTICAL AND DISCRIMINATIVE LANGUAGE MODELING FOR TURKISH LARGE VOCABULARY CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION by Ebru Arisoy BS, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bo?gaziçi University, 2002 … Cited by 5 Related articles All 4 versions

[PDF] from mit.edu [PDF] Automatic correction of grammatical errors in non-native english text JSY Lee – 2009 – groups.csail.mit.edu Page 1. Automatic Correction of Grammatical Errors in Non-native English Text by John Sie Yuen Lee BMath in Computer Science, University of Waterloo (2002) SM in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2004) … Cited by 8 Related articles All 5 versions

[PDF] from ijs.si [PDF] Semi-automatic ontology construction B Fortuna – 2011 – slais.ijs.si … including automated ontology population with named entities [78], semi-automatic ontology extension based on the user-interactive dialogue system for knowledge acquisition [3], augmenting Cyc ontology using pattern matching and link analysis [4]. … Cited by 1 Related articles

[PDF] from grupolys.org Managing misspelled queries in IR applications J Vilares, M Vilares, J Otero – Information Processing & Management, 2011 – Elsevier … 1. Introduction. Many information retrieval (IR) applications such as information extraction, question answering and dialog systems require user queries to be congruent with the documentary databases we are exploiting. In this … Cited by 1 Related articles All 6 versions

Cross-language information retrieval JY Nie – Synthesis Lectures on Human Language …, 2010 – morganclaypool.com … Semantic Role Labeling Martha Palmer, Daniel Gildea, Nianwen Xue 2010 Spoken Dialogue Systems Kristiina Jokinen, Michael McTear 2010 Introduction to Chinese Natural Language Processing Kam-Fai Wong, Wenji Li, Ruifeng Xu, Zheng-sheng Zhang 2009 … Cited by 20 Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from inesc-id.pt [PDF] REAP. PT LC dos Santos Marujo – 2009 – inesc-id.pt Page 1. REAP.PT Lu´is Carlos dos Santos Marujo Dissertation for obtaining the Master’s Degree in Information Systems and Computer Engineering Jury President: Professor Ana Maria Severino de Almeida e Paiva Advisor: Professor … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from inesc-id.pt [PDF] REAP em Português LC dos Santos Marujo – 2009 – inesc-id.pt Page 1. REAP em Português Lu´is Carlos dos Santos Marujo Dissertation for obtaining the Master’s Degree in Information Systems and Computer Engineering Jury President: Professor Ana Maria Severino de Almeida e Paiva … Related articles All 2 versions

[PDF] from cmu.edu [PDF] Mixed-Initiative Clustering Y Huang – 2010 – lti.cs.cmu.edu … If we want to embed natural language communication in mixed-initiative clustering, it is necessary to design a dialogue system capable of discussing a clustering task, but that would divert the main focus of this study. On the other hand, a human user is more in- … Cited by 1 Related articles All 8 versions

[PDF] from civilengineering4life.com [PDF] Grammatical Inference and Corpus Linguistics A Roberts – 2008 – civilengineering4life.com Page 1. Grammatical Inference and Corpus Linguistics Andrew Roberts Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy The University of Leeds School of Computing January, 2009 The … Related articles All 3 versions

[PDF] from ufscar.br [PDF] Delimitação e Alinhamento de Conceitos Lexicalizados no Inglês Norte-americano e no Português Brasileiro A Di Felippo – 2008 – ufscar.br Page 1. ARIANI DI FELIPPO Delimitação e Alinhamento de Conceitos Lexicalizados no Inglês Norte-americano e no Português Brasileiro Araraquara 2008 Page 2. ARIANI DI FELIPPO Delimitação e Alinhamento de Conceitos Lexicalizados … Cited by 1 Related articles All 8 versions

[PDF] from uva.es Estrategias para el acceso a contenidos Web mediante habla C González Ferreras – 2009 – cerro.cpd.uva.es … In both cases, the way of access is limited by the way in which the original web contents are structured. In the second phase the use of a spoken dialog system has been proposed to access web contents in restricted domains. … Related articles All 8 versions

[TXT] from tdx.cat Pragmática en afasia V Moreno Campos – 2010 – tdx.cat … Se habla directamente de Pragmática clínica o neuropragmática (Smith & Leinonen, 1992; Stemmer, 1999; Tirassa 1999; Bara & Tirassa, 20004) para señalar la importancia de este enfoque, preocupado por el uso efectivo, intencional, y contextualizado del lenguaje (Cruse … All 5 versions