NLU (Natural Language Understanding)

Natural Language Understanding


[PDF] Natural Language Understanding [PDF] from ed.ac.uk M Lapata, WSD Supervised… – 2012 – inf.ed.ac.uk Example for a polysemous word: how many senses does the interest have?(1) a. She pays  3% interest on the loan. b. He showed a lot of interest in the painting. c. Microsoft purchased  a controlling interest in Google. d. It is in the national interest to invade the Bahamas. e. I … View as HTML

[PDF] Natural Language Understanding [PDF] from ed.ac.uk F Keller – 2010 – inf.ed.ac.uk Example for a polysemous word: how many senses does the interest have?(1) a. She pays  3% interest on the loan. b. He showed a lot of interest in the painting. c. Microsoft purchased  a controlling interest in Google. d. It is in the national interest to invade the Bahamas. e. I … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Natural Language Understanding AM Di Sciullo – Proceeding of the 2009 conference on New Trends in …, 2009 – dl.acm.org Abstract I focus on three characteristics of natural language understanding systems that  incorporate the properties that make humans able to understand language naturally. The  first characteristic of such systems is that they handle recursion. A second property of … Related articles

[PDF] Natural Language Understanding Lecture 1: Introduction [PDF] from ed.ac.uk F Keller… – 2012 – inf.ed.ac.uk Page 1. Natural Language Understanding Lecture 1: Introduction … January 17, 2012 Outline • Course introduction and overview • What is natural language understanding, and what does this course cover? • Overview of basic concepts. • Course mechanics … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Towards natural language understanding of partial speech recognition results in dialogue systems [PDF] from pitt.edu K Sagae, G Christian, D DeVault… – Proceedings of Human …, 2009 – dl.acm.org Abstract We investigate natural language understanding of partial speech recognition  results to equip a dialogue system with incremental language processing capabilities for  more realistic human-computer conversations. We show that relatively high accuracy can … Cited by 14 – Related articles – All 20 versions

Lattice-based approach to building templates for natural language understanding in intelligent tutoring systems S Devasani, G Aist, S Blessing… – Artificial Intelligence in …, 2011 – Springer We describe a domain-independent authoring tool, ConceptGrid, that helps non- programmers develop intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) that perform natural language  processing. The approach involves the use of a lattice-style table-driven interface to build … Related articles – All 3 versions

System and method for automatic generation of a natural language understanding model L Begeja, MG Rahim, AL Gorin… – US Patent …, 2011 – Google Patents A system and method is provided for rapidly generating a new spoken dialog application. In  one embodiment, a user experience person labels the transcribed data (eg, 3000  utterances) using a set of interactive tools. The labeled data is then stored in a processed … Related articles – All 3 versions

Role of natural language understanding in voice local search J Feng, S Banglore… – Tenth Annual Conference of the …, 2009 – isca-speech.org Speak4it is a voice-enabled local search system currently available for iPhone devices. The  natural language understanding (NLU) component is one of the key technology modules in  this system. The role of NLU in voice-enabled local search is twofold:(a) parse the … Cited by 18 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Method and system for automatically building natural language understanding models R Balchandran… – US Patent 7,835,911, 2010 – Google Patents The invention disclosed herein concerns a system (100) and method (600) for building a  language model representation of an NLU application. The method 500 can include  categorizing an NLU application domain (602), classifying a corpus in view of the … Related articles – All 5 versions

Natural language understanding monitoring system for identifying a task AL Gorin, IL Geary, MA Walker… – US Patent 7,933,773, 2011 – Google Patents A natural language understanding monitoring system adapted to conduct an automated  dialog with a user. If the system is unable to identify from the automated dialog, to at least a  predetermined level of confidence, any one of a plurality of predetermined tasks as being … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[CITATION] Natural Language Understanding Lecture 1: Introduction S Goldwater… – 2010 Related articles

Method and apparatus for dynamic modification of command weights in a natural language understanding system DM Coffman, J Kleindienst… – US Patent 7,349,845, 2008 – Google Patents A method and system for dynamically assigning weights to the subset of commands in a  natural language dialog system based on prior context of the user’s interaction with the  system. The search space of the translation process may be reduced when some context … Cited by 17 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Towards the rapid development of a natural language understanding module C Moreira, A Mendes, L Coheur… – Intelligent Virtual Agents, 2011 – Springer When developing a conversational agent, there is often an urgent need to have a prototype  available in order to test the application with real users. A Wizard of Oz is a possibility, but  sometimes the agent should be simply deployed in the environment where it will be used. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Situation and context in data fusion and natural language understanding [PDF] from isif.org AN Steinberg… – Information Fusion, 2008 11th …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract This paper defines and relates several important concepts in data fusion and  natural language understanding: situation, relation, relationship and context. In data fusion- as in other problem-solving applications-contextual reasoning involves inferring desired … Cited by 21 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Method and apparatus for dynamic modification of command weights in a natural language understanding system DM Coffman, J Kleindienst… – US Patent 7,533,025, 2009 – Google Patents A method and system for dynamically assigning weights to the subset of commands in a  natural language dialog system based on prior context of the user’s interaction with the  system. The search space of the translation process may be reduced when some context … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Learning conditional random fields from unaligned data for natural language understanding D Zhou… – Advances in Information Retrieval, 2011 – Springer In this paper, we propose a learning approach to train conditional random fields from  unaligned data for natural language understanding where input to model learning are  sentences paired with predicate formulae (or abstract semantic annotations) without word- … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Inducing ontologies from folksonomies using natural language understanding [PDF] from nectec.or.th M Tatu… – Proceedings of the Seventh conference …, 2010 – lexitron.nectec.or.th Abstract Folksonomies are unsystematic, unsophisticated collections of keywords  associated by social bookmarking users to web content and, despite their inconsistency  problems (typographical errors, spelling variations, use of space or punctuation as … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Building timelines from narrative clinical records: initial results based-on deep natural language understanding [PDF] from brandeis.edu H Jung, J Allen, N Blaylock… – ACL HLT …, 2011 – pages.cs.brandeis.edu Abstract We present an end-to-end system that processes narrative clinical records,  constructs timelines for the medical histories of patients, and visualizes the results. This work  is motivated by real clinical records and our general approach is based on deep semantic … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 17 versions

Natural Language Understanding Considerations for a Lifelong Learning Companion MG Core – 2012 10th International Conference on Creating, …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract—In this paper, we present considerations for natural language processing for a  lifelong learning companion. In the context of these considerations, we review related work  in automated assessment of learner writing and present an idea for augmenting keyword …

Comparing local and sequential models for statistical incremental natural language understanding [PDF] from aclweb.org S Heintze, T Baumann… – … of the 11th Annual Meeting of …, 2010 – dl.acm.org Abstract Incremental natural language understanding is the task of assigning semantic  representations to successively larger prefixes of utterances. We compare two types of  statistical models for this task: a) local models, which predict a single class for an input; … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 14 versions

Conceptual world representation natural language understanding system and method W Ceusters, M O’donnell, F Montyne… – US Patent …, 2011 – Google Patents A Natural Language Understanding system is provided for indexing of free text documents.  The system according to the invention utilizes typographical and functional segmentation of  text to identify those portions of free text that carry meaning. The system then uses words … Related articles – All 4 versions

Massively parallel reasoning| A structured connectionist approach to natural language understanding and memory retrieval TE Lange – 2010 – gradworks.umi.com Abstract: Connectionist models have generally not been able to perform natural language  understanding or episodic memory retrieval beyond simple stereotypical situations that they  have seen before. This is because they have had difficulties representing and applying … Cached

Applying automated deduction to natural language understanding [PDF] from rug.nl J Bos – Journal of Applied Logic, 2009 – Elsevier Very few natural language understanding applications employ methods from automated  deduction. This is mainly because (i) a high level of interdisciplinary knowledge is  required,(ii) there is a huge gap between formal semantic theory and practical … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 3 versions

The Recovery of Omissible Noun in Natural Language Understanding and Its Application on Product Design K Li, YT Li, ZZ Yi… – Intelligent Systems and …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract The paper focuses on the phenomenon of noun omission in the natural language  understanding system. Based on the analysis of the omission in user requirements in natural  language form, we will eventually result into the conceptual design requirements or … Related articles

Method for building a natural language understanding model for a spoken dialog system NK Gupta, MG Rahim, G Tur… – US Patent 7,933,766, 2011 – Google Patents A method of generating a natural language model for use in a spoken dialog system is  disclosed. The method comprises using sample utterances and creating a number of hand  crafted rules for each call-type defined in a labeling guide. A first NLU model is generated … Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] An evaluation framework for natural language understanding in spoken dialogue systems [PDF] from columbia.edu J Gordon… – Proceedings of Seventh …, 2010 – ccls.columbia.edu Abstract We present an evaluation framework to enable developers of information seeking,  transaction based spoken dialogue systems to compare the performance of natural  language understanding (NLU) approaches across varying levels of word error rate and … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] IORelator: A Graphical User Interface to Enable Rapid Semantic Annotation for Data-Driven Natural Language Understanding [PDF] from psu.edu D DeVault, S Robinson… – 2010 – Citeseer Abstract This paper describes a new annotation GUI, called IORelator, which is designed to  facilitate rapid semantic annotation in support of high-performance data-driven NLU for  spoken dialogue systems. We summarize our requirements for rapid NLU annotation, and … Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

System for automatically annotating training data for a natural language understanding system A Acero, YY Wang… – US Patent 7,548,847, 2009 – Google Patents The present invention uses a natural language understanding system that is currently being  trained to assist in annotating training data for training that natural language understanding  system. Unannotated training data is provided to the system and the system proposes … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Automated Text-Based Messaging Interaction Using Natural Language Understanding Technologies CY Chen, R Gulli, C Passaretti, C Wu… – US Patent App. 12/ …, 2009 – Google Patents Automated text-based messaging interaction using natural language understanding  technologies enables text-based messages to be received from users and interpreted by a  self-service application platform so that the self-service application platform can respond … All 2 versions

Towards Natural-Language Understanding and Automated Enforcement of Privacy Rules and Regulations in the Cloud: Survey and Bibliography [PDF] from hp.com N Papanikolaou, S Pearson… – Secure and Trust Computing, …, 2011 – Springer In this paper we survey existing work on automatically processing legal, regulatory and other  policy texts for the extraction and representation of privacy knowledge and rules. Our  objective is to link and apply some of these techniques to policy enforcement and … Related articles – All 4 versions

Method for building a natural language understanding model for a spoken dialog system NK Gupta, MG Rahim, G Tur… – US Patent 7,620,550, 2009 – Google Patents A method of generating a natural language model for use in a spoken dialog system is  disclosed. The method comprises using sample utterances and creating a number of hand  crafted rules for each call-type defined in a labeling guide. A first NLU model is generated … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[CITATION] Sentiment Mining: Automatic linguistic analysis and natural language understanding in an e-CRM systems F Camillo… – EURISBIS, 2009 Cited by 2 – Related articles

A method of natural language understanding on SPARQL ontology query T Yang… – … Control and Automation (WCICA), 2011 9th …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract In this paper, the development of a SPARQL ontology query based on Natural  Language Understanding is presented. To obtain ontology knowledge conveniently,  Stanford Parser for user’s natural language inquiring is utilized, and query triple according … Related articles

Inducing Ontologies from Folksonomies using Natural Language Understanding [PDF] from dtic.mil D Moldovan – 2009 – DTIC Document Abstract: During the Phase I period, Lymba studied the feasibility of an automated system  that exposes a folksonomy’s semantic structure. We developed a prototype system that  implements our proposed design and exposes a folksonomy’s semantic structure by … Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

Natural Language Understanding, Where Are We Going? Where Could We Go? G Sabah – The Computer Journal, 2011 – Br Computer Soc Abstract Historically, at the beginning of natural language processing, applications with  industrial objectives were preferred, eg for a fully automated translation. Soon, during the  1960s, there were attempts to separate applications from basic theoretical research. Since … Related articles – All 4 versions

Configurable parameters for grammar authoring for speech recognition and natural language understanding YY Wang… – US Patent 7,529,657, 2009 – Google Patents A method for authoring a grammar for use in a language processing application is provided.  The method includes receiving at least one grammar configuration parameter relating to  how to configure a grammar and creating the grammar based on the at least one grammar … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Research on Chinese Natural Language Understanding and Question-Answering System Based on Agent Y Zhang, N Wang, C Wang… – Management and Service …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract This paper applies the agent technology and the natural language understanding  technology into the question-answering system. Firstly, it introduces the agent technology  and the natural language understanding technology; and then a new design method is … Related articles

[PDF] Using Dialogue Corpora to Extend Information Extraction Patterns for Natural Language Understanding of Dialogue [PDF] from psu.edu R Catizone, A Dingli… – Proceedings of the Seventh …, 2010 – Citeseer Abstract This paper examines how Natural Language Process (NLP) resources and online  dialogue corpora can be used to extend coverage of Information Extraction (IE) templates in  a Spoken Dialogue system. IE templates are used as part of a Natural Language … Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Can Modern Statistical Parsers Lead to Better Natural Language Understanding for Education? U Ahmed, A Kumar, M Choudhury… – Computational Linguistics and …, 2012 – Springer We use state-of-the-art parsing technology to build GeoSynth–a system that can  automatically solve word problems in geometric constructions. Through our experiments we  show that even though off-the-shelf parsers perform poorly on texts containing specialized …

Natural language understanding and assessment [PDF] from 129.219.222.66 V Rus, PM McCarthy, DS McNamara… – … of Artificial Intelligence, …, 2008 – igi-global.com Abstract Natural language understanding and assessment is a subset of natural language  processing (NLP). The primary purpose of natural language understanding algorithms is to  convert written or spoken human language into representations that can be manipulated … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 8 versions

Rules-based grammar for slots and statistical model for preterminals in natural language understanding system YY Wang… – US Patent 7,603,267, 2009 – Google Patents Illllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll US007603267B2 (12) United States Patent Wang et al. (io) Patent  No.: (45) Date of Patent: US 7,603,267 B2 Oct. 13, 2009 (54) RULES-BASED GRAMMAR FOR  SLOTS AND STATISTICAL MODEL FOR PRETERMINALS IN NATURAL LANGUAGE … Related articles – All 4 versions

Intelligent Decision Support System Based on Natural Language Understanding Y Xingang, Z Faguo, Z Fan… – Management and Service …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract In this paper, we simply introduced the traditional decision support system and its  characteristics and limitations. And then some new types of intelligent decision support  system are recommended, such as GDSS, DDSS, 3IDSS and IDSSKD. And at last IDSS … Cited by 2 – Related articles

A knowledge engineering tool with natural language understanding [PDF] from yuntech.edu.tw MD Lin – 2009 – ethesys.yuntech.edu.tw Abstract This thesis proposes a knowledge engineering tool for natural language  understanding. This tool supports teaching systems which need natural language  understanding, including language translation, math word problem posing, and writing … Related articles

Conceptual world representation natural language understanding system and method W Ceusters, M O’donnell, F Montyne… – US Patent …, 2009 – Google Patents A Natural Language Understanding system is provided for indexing of free text documents.  The system according to the invention utilizes typographical and functional segmentation of  text to identify those portions of free text that carry meaning. The system then uses words … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 2 versions

SPARQL ontology query based on natural language understanding ZR Zhang… – Jisuanji Yingyong/ Journal of Computer Applications, 2010 – csa.com For users can conveniently access to ontology knowledge, Simple Protocol And RDF Query  Language(SPARQL) ontology query based on natural language understanding was put  forward. User’s natural language inquires were analyzed utilizing Stanford Parser, query …

Conceptual world representation natural language understanding system and method W Ceusters, M O’donnell, F Montyne… – US Patent App. 13/ …, 2011 – Google Patents A Natural Language Understanding system is provided for indexing of free text documents.  The system according to the invention utilizes typographical and functional segmentation of  text to identify those portions of free text that carry meaning. The system then uses words … All 3 versions

A Lexical Knowledge Representation Model for Natural Language Understanding [PDF] from umb.edu P Chen, W Ding… – International Journal of Software Science …, 2009 – igi-global.com Abstract Knowledge representation is essential for semantics modeling and intelligent  information processing. For decades researchers have proposed many knowledge  representation techniques. However, it is a daunting problem how to capture deep … Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Natural Language Understanding with Knowledge [PDF] from psu.edu J Ngiam… – 2008 – Citeseer Abstract This paper examines the problem of extracting structured knowledge from  unstructured free text. The extraction process is modeled after construction grammars,  essentially providing a means of putting together form and meaning. The knowledge base … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

A computer-assisted learning system for exploring conjectures with dynamic geometry and natural language understanding CZ Yang – 2009 – ethesys.yuntech.edu.tw Abstract We believe it would be fun and meaningful for students to make geometric  conjectures and experience the joy of mathematical discovery by manipulating dynamic  geometry in a system we have designed. The system uses natural language … Cached

A general framework for building natural language understanding modules in voice search J Feng – Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract Mobile search is a fast-growing business. Mobile voice search provides an easier  way to search for information from mobile devices using voice. Natural language  understanding (NLU) is a key component technology in voice search to assure search … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Extracting Sentence Elements for the Natural Language Understanding Based on Slovak National Corpus S Ondáš, J Juhár… – Analysis of Verbal and Nonverbal …, 2011 – Springer This paper introduces an approach for extracting sentence elements from Slovak sentences  based on linguistic analysis. The key idea lies in the assumption that the sentence elements  relates to the meaning and they can be helpful in the process of the semantic roles … Related articles – All 3 versions

[CITATION] An Overview on Theory of Natural Language Understanding T Junming – Science, 2008 – en.cnki.com.cn In order to solve computer how to comprehend natural language, having given birth to  research area of natural language understanding. The thesis introduces some traits and  development status of natural language understanding, concluds some key problems … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Cached

Semantically-enriched parsing for natural language understanding S Tratz – 2012 – gradworks.umi.com Abstract: This thesis details three contributions to the advancement of semantic-enriched  parsing for English sentences: inventories of semantic relations covering three semantically  ambiguous linguistic phenomena, large datasets annotated according to the inventories, … Cached

Dynamic natural language understanding O Lavi, G Auerbach… – US Patent 7,840,400, 2010 – Google Patents Methods and systems for dynamic natural language understanding. A hierarchical structure  of semantic categories is exploited to assist in the natural language understanding.  Optionally, the natural language to be understood includes a request. Related articles – All 4 versions

Natural Language Understanding by Combining Statistical Methods and Extended Context-Free Grammars [PDF] from tum.de S Schwärzler, J Schenk, F Wallhoff… – Pattern Recognition, 2008 – Springer This paper introduces an novel framework for speech understanding using extended context- free grammars (ECFGs) by combining statistical methods and rule based knowledge. By  only using 1st level labels a considerable lower expense of annotation effort can be … Cited by 3 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 8 versions

[PDF] Integrating Natural Language Understanding and a Cognitive Approach to Textual Emotion Recognition for Generating Human-Like Responses [PDF] from psu.edu SM Al Masum… – 2008 – Citeseer Abstract Till date no computer program has passed the Turing test although even simple  conversational programs, socalled “Chatbots”, could make people believe that they are  talking to another human being. The main objective of this paper is to identify some … Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

AUTOMATED TEXT-BASED MESSAGING INTERACTION USING NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING TECHNOLOGIES CY CHEN, R GULLI, C PASSARETTI, C WU… – WO Patent WO/2010/ …, 2010 – wipo.int Abstract: Automated text-based messaging interaction using natural language  understanding technologies enables text-based messages to be received from users and  interpreted by a self-service application platform so that the self-service application … Cached

Natural language understanding for query in web search-2 LF Chan – 2008 – libque.cityu.edu.hk Abstract:? Nowadays, internet has becoming more and more popular, and search engine is  becoming a gateway to the World Wide Web. The objective of the project is to apply natural  language processing and to understand and restructure the web query, in order to … Cached – All 3 versions

Ontology-based understanding of natural language queries using nested conceptual graphs [PDF] from vnu.edu.vn T Cao… – Conceptual Structures: From Information to Intelligence, 2010 – Springer … Although performance of machine natural language understanding for the general case appears to be satu- rated after many years of research, limiting the domain of discourse to only ques- tions and querying phrases can make a difference. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Understanding the unknown: Unattested input processing in natural language JM Taylor… – Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ), 2011 IEEE …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The paper describes the fuzzy approach to the problem within this framework with regard to the semantic and syntactic acceptability of a sentence. Unknown words; computing with words; ontological semantics; natural language understanding; sentence acceptability … Related articles

Working Structure Knowledge Acquisition from Mechanical Product Patent Based on Natural Language Understanding Q Qing-ying, W Zhao-Xia, F Pei-en… – … , 2009 WRI World …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract According to the increasing demand of patent knowledge in product innovative  design, a working structure knowledge acquisition method, from mechanical product patent,  was presented. A representing model of concept graph (CG) for patent working structure … Related articles – All 3 versions

Bi-Linguistic Study of Natural-language Understanding of Spatial Relations in Chinese and English J Xu, J Zhang, W Si… – JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING- …, 2008 – en.cnki.com.cn The problem existing in current GISs is that they all use quantitative methods to store and  retrieve spatial information. However, people usually use qualitative terms to describe  spatial relations. Current GIS models are limited in their capacities of representation of … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Cached – BL Direct

Natural Language Query Understanding T Cao – Conceptual Graphs and Fuzzy Logic, 2010 – Springer … Although per- formance of machine natural language understanding for the general case appears to be saturated after many years of research, limiting the domain of discourse to only questions and querying phrases can make a difference. …

Rule-Based Natural Language Understanding Based on Fuzzy Evaluation of Teaching Quality Z Zhaoyin… – Computer Science-Technology and …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract This paper proposes a kind of method based on the rule natural language  understanding, it can carry on scientific evaluation in understanding bases of the teachers’  teaching quality. First of all creates the domain library and evaluation library based on the … Related articles – All 4 versions

A KBMS of a Natural Language Understanding System Based on Domain X WANG, K ZHAO, P CHENG… – Computer, 2009 – en.cnki.com.cn According to the characteristic of natural language understanding in mathematics domain,  achieved a field of natural language understanding based on the knowledge base  management systems, presented the concept of the knowledge base anomaly detection … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Cached

An approach to semantic information retrieval based on natural language query understanding B Di Martino – Current Trends in Web Engineering, 2010 – Springer … We have presented a technique, an architecture and a prototypical implementation for Information Retrieval based on natural language understanding of query, on represen- tation of semantics of the user need and of the documents by means of OWL ontolo- gies and semantic … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Natural language understanding based on mental image description language L md and its application to language-centered robot manipulation M Yokota, K Sugita… – Artificial Life and Robotics, 2008 – Springer Abstract The authors have been working on natural language understanding based on the  knowledge representation language L md and its application to robot manipulation by verbal  suggestion. The most remarkable feature of L md is its capability of formalizing … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

A Cognitive Substrate for Natural Language Understanding [PDF] from agiri.org NL Cassimatis, A Murugesan… – FRONTIERS IN …, 2008 – books.google.com Abstract. Our goal is to understand human language use and create systems that can use  human language fluently. We argue that to a achieve this goal, we must formulate all of the  problems for language use from morphology up to pragmatics using the same cognitive … Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Reasoning for Natural Language Understanding E Ovchinnikova – … World Knowledge for Natural Language Understanding, 2012 – Springer In order to understand a natural language expression it is usually not enough to know the  literal (“dictionary”) meaning of the words used in this expression and compositional rules of  the corresponding language. Much more knowledge is actually involved in discourse …

Note from the editor:“Expositions of Romanian scientists on the design of text-to-speech synthesis and natural language understanding and generation systems” [PDF] from amyneustein.com A Neustein – International Journal of Speech Technology, 2009 – Springer This special issue of the Journal is devoted to the assorted work of twelve Romanian speech  scientists who have brought sharp analytical insights and new methodological approaches  to the design of high performing text-to-speech (TTS) and natural language understanding … All 3 versions

Statistical Machine Learning in Natural Language Understanding: Object Constraint Language Translator for Business Process L Zhao… – … Acquisition and Modeling Workshop, 2008. KAM …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Abstract Natural language is used to represent human thoughts and human actions.  Business rules described by natural language are very hard for machine to understand. In  order to let machine know the business rules, parts of business process, we need to … Related articles – All 2 versions

Design and realization of forest disease and insects Remote Consultation System based on natural language understanding [J] W Nihong, Z Yanrong… – Journal of Natural Science of …, 2008 – en.cnki.com.cn The relevant data of the disease and pest of 20 kinds of trees in the northeast has collected  and took advantage of natural language understanding technology, database and network  technology, together with existing technology and experience from disease and pest … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Cached

Study on Mechanical Products Requirements Analysis and Use case Transition Based on Natural Language Understanding LIUAC Jin-jie… – Science & Technology Information, 2008 – en.cnki.com.cn Discusses the model of mechanical products requirements analysis and the solution of use  case transition based on Natural Language Understanding. On the basic of Natural  Language Understanding and optimized ICTCLAS system, use computer technology to … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Cached

A review of methods for automatic understanding of natural language mathematical problems A Mukherjee… – Artificial Intelligence Review, 2008 – Springer Page 1. Artif Intell Rev (2008) 29:93–122 DOI 10.1007/s10462-009-9110-0 A review of methods for automatic understanding of natural language mathematical problems Anirban Mukherjee · Utpal Garain Published online: 7 … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Natural language understanding in controlled virtual environments [PDF] from mu.oz.au P Ye – 2009 – cs.mu.oz.au Abstract Generating computer animation from natural language instructions is a complex  task that encompasses several key aspects of artificial intelligence including natural  language understanding, computer graphics and knowledge representation. Traditionally, … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 5 versions

Text Mining by Pseudo-Natural Language Understanding R Lu – Encyclopedia of Data Warehousing and Mining, 2nd …, 2008 – igi-global.com Abstract Text mining by pseudo natural language understanding (TM by PNLU for short) is a  technique developed by the AST group of Chinese Academy of Sciences, as part of the  project automatic knowledge acquisition by PNLU, which introduces a partial parse … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[CITATION] … Computer, Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 201701, China); Research of Natural Language Understanding of Psychology in … SYLJG Jinlan – Journal of Modern Information, 2009 Cited by 2 – Related articles

[CITATION] Intelligent multimedia information retrieval system based on the natural language understanding S Dongsheng – Microcomputer & Its Applications, 2011 – en.cnki.com.cn The multimedia information retrieval performance was restricted because of higher  dimensions, large amounts of data and bad explicable Features etc. In order to solve this  problem, the intelligent multimedia information retrieval system model based on the … Cached

[PDF] Bringing Role and Reference Grammar to natural language understanding [PDF] from sepln.org CP Pascual… – Revisores adicionales, 2009 – sepln.org Abstract: Role and Reference Grammar is a functional theory of language which allows an  input text to be represented in terms of its logical structure. In order to go beyond the core  grammar, the Lexical Constructional Model, which is grounded on the previous theoretical … Cited by 15 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 14 versions

[CITATION] Natural Language Understanding in… P Ye – 2008 – Citeseer … Tables: Natural Language Understanding in . . . (2008). Cached. Download as a PDF. Download Links. … BibTeX. @MISC{Ye08naturallanguage, author = {Patrick Ye}, title = {Natural Language Understanding in . . . }, year = {2008} }. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Cached

Object-oriented semantics of English in natural language understanding system [PDF] from arxiv.org Y Ostapov – Arxiv preprint arXiv:1109.5798, 2011 – arxiv.org Abstract: A new approach to the problem of natural language understanding is proposed.  The knowledge domain under consideration is the social behavior of people. English  sentences are translated into set of predicates of a semantic database, which describe … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Research of Natural Language Understanding of Psychology in the Short Text Classification SYLJG Jinlan… – Journal of Modern Information, 2009 – en.cnki.com.cn The current research of classification of most text focused on large-scale corpus on the basis  of choice of the characteristics or classification algorithm. This article is built on less training  samples with short length, according to the human brain’s understanding of the … Cached

[PDF] Natural Language Understanding in Governance Service Automation [PDF] from ntnu.no M Héder, E Bártházi… – World Congress, 2011 – nt.ntnu.no Abstract: An automatically operating support system for the evaluation of citizens’ claims is  reported. Special methods of script and frame hierarchy creation and matching are used for  natural language understanding. The system provides tools for teaching and processing … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[HTML] Application of Bayesian Framework in Natural Language Understanding [HTML] from sjkdt.org P Goyal, L Behera, TM McGinnity – IETE Technical Review, 2008 – sjkdt.org Abstract A natural language understanding (NLU) system has to handle a large amount of  data. A graphical model serves as an advantageous tool for data analysis encoding the  dependencies among variables and learning causal relationships. Over the last two … Related articles – All 22 versions

An Authoring Tool for Natural Language Understanding of Geometry Proofs and Dynamic Geometry Figure Generation [PDF] from yuntech.edu.tw YH Li – 2008 – ethesys.yuntech.edu.tw Abstract With advanced technologies of natural language processing, can be very user- friendly interactions between computer and human. Recently, humans can use their  language to manage computers in applications of NLP on many domains, especially in … Related articles

Natural language understanding for query in web search–1 [PDF] from cityu.edu.hk WS Sit – 2008 – dspace.cityu.edu.hk ? In this project, a search engine is developed for searching the nutritional information in a  more effective manner. It is written in Microsoft. NET environment with C# language, and  based on a nutrition lexicon database. To obtain better search results, natural language is … Related articles – All 7 versions

Statistical methods in natural language understanding and spoken dialogue systems [PDF] from rwth-aachen.de K Macherey – 2009 – darwin.bth.rwth-aachen.de Modern automatic spoken dialogue systems cover a wide range of applications. There are  systems for hotel reservations, restaurant guides, systems for travel and timetable  information, as well as systems for automatic telephone-banking services. Building the … Related articles – Library Search – All 10 versions

Design and Development of a KA Tool for a Domain-Based Natural Language Understanding System Y CHEN, W XU, K ZHAO… – Computer, 2008 – en.cnki.com.cn This paper introduces a knowledge-based natural language understanding system and the  pattern of knowledge representation of the knowledge base of this system, describes the  knowledge acquisition process of the domain process tree in the knowledge base. … Cached

[CITATION] Tactics of natural language understanding——Chinese semantic analysis and the stochastic syntax-parse model named LSF as well as its application X DU, N ZHANG, R WEI… – Journal of Tianjin Normal University …, 2008 – en.cnki.com.cn Chinese semanteme is analyzed by using the relevant technologies of natural language  understanding and the method of knowledge-information based on semantic network etc.  The stochastic syntax-parse model named LSF is discussed and the results have practical … Cached

Towards Natural Language Processing: A Well-Formed Substring Table Approach to Understanding Garden Path Sentence D Jia-li… – Database Technology and Applications …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … This trend leads to an explosion of activities like information retrieval, automatic summarization, foreign language reading aid, natural language understanding, data integration, data mining, optical character recognition, electronic dictionary, etc. … Related articles

[BOOK] Towards a canonical representation for machine understanding of natural language in radiology reports [PDF] from psu.edu V Bashyam – 2008 – books.google.com … mind (15). The study of the methods of converting human language into formal (computationally understandable) representations is called natural language processing (NLP) or natural language understanding (NLU). The task … Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

Design and Realization of Forest Disease and Insects Remote Consultation System Based on Natural Language Understanding ???, ???… – ???????????, 2008 – airitilibrary.com ???? ??????? 20 ????????????, ??????????,  ?????????????????????????????????????????,  ????? NLU (Natural lan-guage understanding) ????????????. ???? … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Natural Language Understanding Systems: Processing Strategies and Processor Structure VS Rubashkin – Russian Digital Libraries Journal, 2012 – elbib.ru Abstract The paper discusses the general architecture of NLU-systems. We focus on three  main subjects: target information technology and target knowledge representation language;  processing levels interaction and integration; role and proportion of rule-based and … Cached

Inference and Plausible Reasoning in a Natural Language Understanding System Based on Object-Oriented Semantics [PDF] from arxiv.org Y Ostapov – Arxiv preprint arXiv:1202.0116, 2012 – arxiv.org Abstract: Algorithms of inference in a computer system oriented to input and semantic  processing of text information are presented. Such inference is necessary for logical  questions when the direct comparison of objects from a question and database can not … Related articles – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Integration of World Knowledge for Natural Language Understanding E Ovchinnikova – 2012 – books.google.com This book concerns non-linguistic knowledge required to perform computational natural  language understanding (NLU). The main objective of the book is to show that inference- based NLU has the potential for practical large scale applications. First, an introduction to … Related articles

Natural Language Understanding and World Knowledge E Ovchinnikova – … World Knowledge for Natural Language Understanding, 2012 – Springer In artificial intelligence and computational linguistics, natural language understanding (NLU)  is a subfield of natural language processing that deals with machine reading  comprehension. The goal of an NLU system is to interpret an input text fragment. The …

Question Answering in a Natural Language Understanding System Based on Object-Oriented Semantics [PDF] from arxiv.org Y Ostapov – Arxiv preprint arXiv:1111.4343, 2011 – arxiv.org Abstract: Algorithms of question answering in a computer system oriented on input and  logical processing of text information are presented. A knowledge domain under  consideration is social behavior of a person. A database of the system includes an internal … Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] NALUPES–Natural Language Understanding and Processing Expert System [PDF] from intechopen.com A Pulka – 2011 – intechopen.com Today, modern electronic devices are supplied with many new sophisticated functions, and  expectations of their users are constantly growing. Abilities of natural language handling, ie  understanding and processing commands given in natural language undoubtedly … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[CITATION] Using Structured Queries for Natural Language Understanding Within a Pervasive Dialogue Management Framework PT Wanko – 2009 – North Carolina Agricultural and … Library Search

DYNAMIC NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING O Lavi, G Auerbach… – US Patent App. 12/047,003, 2008 – Google Patents Methods and systems for dynamic natural language understanding. A hierarchical structure  of semantic categories is exploited to assist in the natural language understanding.  Optionally, the natural language to be understood includes a request. All 2 versions