Porter Stemmer


Porter Stemming Algorithm

Wikipedia: 

Martin F. Porter


Tadvise: a twitter assistant based on twitter lists [PDF] from nasirifard.com P Nasirifard… – Social Informatics, 2011 – Springer … Current version of Tadvise uses a traffic light metaphor to indicate its advice. … up the rank of people, who have assigned that Twitter list description to the target person (see equation 3). As Twitter lists consist of arbitrary phrases, we use the Porter stemming algorithm [6] to reduce … Related articles – All 4 versions

Modeling perspective using adaptor grammars [PDF] from psu.edu EA Hardisty, J Boyd-Graber… – Proceedings of the 2010 …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … Returning to the CRP metaphor discussed when we introduced the Pitman-Yor distribution, there … thus dis- covering the tables and seating assignments of our metaphorical restaurants that … converting the training set to lower case, stemming with the Porter stemmer, and filtering … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 15 versions

[PDF] Scaling to billion-plus word corpora [PDF] from cicling.org J Pomikálek, P Rychlý… – Advances in Computational …, 2009 – pics.cicling.org … Whereas Ahrens & Huang’s research with SUMO and metaphor has focused on specific domain metaphors [3, 4], thus … For the stemming process, we benefit from both morphological and syn- tactic stemming tools, Porter stemmer and Stanford Stemmer, respectively. … Cited by 8 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 13 versions

Extraction of keyphrases from text: evaluation of four algorithms [PDF] from nrc-cnrc.gc.ca P Turney – 2010 – nparc.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca … This can be useful, for example, in applications that use a spatial metaphor, where documents are represented by points in a two- or three-dimensional space. The points could be labelled by their keyphrases. … The Lovins stemmer is more aggressive than the Porter stemmer. … Cited by 72 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 23 versions

Member activities and quality of tags in a collection of historical photographs in Flickr [PDF] from fsu.edu B Stvilia… – Journal of the American Society for …, 2010 – Wiley Online Library … a macro view of the structure and relationships in the community’s activity system, whereas sensemaking can provide metaphors and templates for … the Flickr tags and the controlled vocabulary terms from TGM and LCSH were stemmed using the Porter Stemmer algorithm (Porter … Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 7 versions

The Study on Policy Addresses of Macao SAR (2000-2009): A Text Mining Analysis W Shianghau… – Internet Technology and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … 9. Porter Stemmer ????? Porter Stemmer ??,??????? ??????,?????? 17,533 ???? … [4] Ohsawa, Y., Benson, NE, Yachida, M., KeyGraph: Automatic Indexing by Co-occurrence Graph based on Building Construction Metaphor[J], Proceedings of the …

A Text Mining Analysis of the US-China Joint Statement in 2009 Based on Network S Wu… – Advances in Computer Science, Environment, …, 2011 – Springer … The Porter Stemmer: The node reduces the words to their stems [3]. • The Punctuation … International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools 13(1), 157-169 (2004) 5. Thiel, K.: KeyGraph: automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor. … Related articles

A Text Mining Analysis of the Biomimetics Research Trend (2000-2010) SH Wu… – Advanced Materials Research, 2011 – Trans Tech Publ … The Porter Stemmer: The node reduces the words … [5] K. Thiel, KeyGraph: automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor, IEEE International Forum on Research and Technology Advances in Digital Libraries, ADL 98, Proceedings (1998). … Related articles

A Text Mining Analysis of the Fly Ash Research Trend (2000-2010) SH Wu… – Advanced Materials Research, 2011 – Trans Tech Publ … The Porter Stemmer: The node reduces the words … [5] K. Thiel, KeyGraph: automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor, IEEE International Forum on Research and Technology Advances in Digital Libraries, ADL 98, Proceedings (1998). … Related articles

The trend of RFID application to the supply chain management (2009-2010): a text mining analysis SH Wu… – International Journal of Enterprise Network …, 2010 – Inderscience … The porter stemmer: The node reduces … 2, pp.507-1010. Ohsawa, Y., Benson, NE and Yachida, M. (1998) KeyGraph: automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor’, Proceedings of the Advances in Digital Libraries Conference, pp.12-18. … Related articles – All 5 versions

The Trend Change of Bitumen Research: A Text Mining Analysis (2000-2010) SH Wu… – Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2011 – Trans Tech Publ … The Porter Stemmer: The node reduces the words to their stems according to Porter (1997) [3]. The Punctuation Erasure: The node removes all … [5] K. Thiel, KeyGraph: automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor, IEEE International … Related articles – All 2 versions

This Just In! Your Life in the Newspaper [PDF] from utl.pt B Antunes, T Guerreiro… – Human-Computer Interaction- …, 2009 – Springer … Lifestreams [5] organizes personal documents as a time-ordered stream that functions as a diary of user’s life. It uses a simple organizational metaphor (document streams). … Stopwords were removed and the remaining stemmed, using the Porter Stemmer [11], before tf-idf. … Related articles – All 7 versions

Use of probabilistic topic models for search [PDF] from dtic.mil M Draeger – 2009 – DTIC Document Page 1. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS USE OF PROBABILISTIC TOPIC MODELS FOR SEARCH by Marco Draeger September 2009 Thesis Advisor: Kevin M. Squire Second Reader: Samuel E. Buttrey … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

Keyphrase Extraction by Synonym Analysis of n-grams for E-Journals Categorisation [PDF] from thinkmind.org R Hussey, S Williams… – eKNOW 2011, The Third …, 2011 – thinkmind.org … They are used by authors of academic papers (such as all papers about “metaphor” or “leadership”), by libraries to allow people … word list was increased by n. The unigrams were then stemmed (to remove plurals, derivations, etc.) using the Porter Stemming Algorithm [17], and … Related articles

[PDF] SoftBotSearch: SoftBot Approach to information retrieval from Web [PDF] from hipc.org AS Agarwal – computer, 2008 – hipc.org … Etzioni [1] draws an interesting metaphor in which he compares the vast amount of information on the web with grass, and the search engines with cows that graze on this grass. … We use the Porter Stemming algorithm [5] to stem words before putting them into the vocabulary. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Semantic-Preserving Word Clouds by Seam Carving [PDF] from ucdavis.edu Y Wu, T Provan, F Wei, S Liu… – Computer Graphics …, 2011 – Wiley Online Library … ThemeRiver [HHWN02] and its derivatives [LZP*09, DGWC10, SWL*10] use a river metaphor to depict the thematic variation over time within a text corpus. Rose et al. … Each word is further stemmed using the Porter Stemmer [Por80]. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 6 versions

A PSO-based Web document classification algorithm Z Wang, Q Zhang… – Software Engineering, Artificial …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … suggested a particle swarm optimization (PSO) based on the analogy of swarm of bird[7]. The algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social … In this paper, we use a list consisting of 548 stop words[8]. Then word stemming is performed by using the Porter stemmer[9], and the … Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 4 versions

A knowledge based approach for capturing rich semantic representations from text P Yeh, D Farina… – Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and …, 2008 – Springer … For example, change “sobject” (the syntactic object) for recipient to “subject”. 1 We use the Porter stemmer [18] to stem each word. Page 5. … We found that euphemisms and metaphors are common in unrestricted English, and they have a negative effect on recall. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Text-to-video: story illustration from online photo collections [PDF] from tu-darmstadt.de K Schwarz, P Rojtberg, J Caspar, I Gurevych… – Knowledge-Based and …, 2010 – Springer … GATE provides the Snowball Stemmer as plugin, a tool based on the Porter stemmer for English [11]. It annotates each token with its stem. … Fig. 7. Semantically mismatching images due to metaphorical character names in the “Animal Farm” novel … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 8 versions

[PDF] The KNIME Text Processing Plugin [PDF] from knime.org K Thiel – 2009 – tech.knime.org … Porter stemmer Stems terms with the Porter algorithm. … Y., Ishizuka, M.: Keyword extraction from a single document using word co-occurrence statistical information (2004) 5. KeyGraph: automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based onbuilding construc- tion metaphor. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Event detection and tracking in social streams [PDF] from umd.edu H Sayyadi, M Hurst… – … Conference on Weblogs and Social Media …, 2009 – aaai.org … For all of three approaches all stop- words are removed and all extracted keywords are stemmed by a porter stemmer. … Ohsawa, Y.; Benson, NE; and Yachida, M. 1998. Key- graph: Automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor. … Cited by 13 – Related articles – All 8 versions

[PDF] Topic Categorization of RSS News Feeds [PDF] from asu.edu B Pendharkar, P Ambekar, P Godbole, S Joshi… – Group, 2007 – public.asu.edu … input file. Then the standard Porter Stemmer algorithm is applied to perform the stemming of words which is derived from the LUCENE package in the project. … Scatter-Gather algorithm [12] is a document clustering method that uses the table of contents metaphor and can be … View as HTML – All 2 versions

Building a web-snippet clustering system based on a mixed clustering method LC Chen – Online Information Review, 2011 – emeraldinsight.com … As the metaphor of a hierarchical tree is used for storing and retrieving files, menu items, bookmarks, and so on, most users … In the first step, snippet cleaning, the string of text representing each snippet is transformed using a Porter stemming algorithm (Porter and Boulton, 2007 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

HotMap: Supporting visual exploration of Web search results O Hoeber… – Journal of the American Society for …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … approach. 2. Porter’s stemming algorithm (Porter, 1980) is used to calculate the stems for each of the terms in the document descriptor. … attributes. This results in a tile mosaic metaphor similar to that used in TileBars (Hearst, 1995). … Cited by 12 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] TweetDreams: Making music with the audience and the world using real-time Twitter data [PDF] from stanford.edu L Dahl, J Herrera… – Proceedings of the …, 2011 – ccrma.stanford.edu … Cosine similarity is used to compute the distance between tweets. A Porter stemmer [10] is used to preprocess tweets to account for similar words. … [4] L. Dahl and G. Wang. Sound Bounce: Physical Metaphors in Designing Mobile Music Performance. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] Developer-centric analysis of svn ecosystems [PDF] from usi.ch J Malnati – Master’s thesis, University of Lugano, 2009 – old.inf.usi.ch … To understand abstract concepts we need a concrete description of them or a metaphor involving understandable or common situations and elements. Using visualizations and metaphors is an efficient way to fill the gap between intangible and concrete objects. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] Visually Summarizing the Evolution of Documents under a Social Tag [PDF] from uni-halle.de A Gohr, M Spiliopoulou… – Int. Conf. on Knowledge …, 2010 – informatik.uni-halle.de … ThemeRiver (Havre et al., 2002) uses a river metaphor to visualize changes in document con- tents over time but it relies on manually pre- defined words for which it visualizes their docu- ment frequencies4 at several time points. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Capturing the Semantics of Online News Sources for Business Intelligence Applications PZ Yeh… – Tools with Artificial Intelligence, 2008. ICTAI’ …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … For example, 1We use the Porter stemmer [15] to stem each word. 113 Page 4. Phrases Generated Phrases Transformation Explanation … We found that euphemisms and metaphors are common in the news, and they had a negative effect on recall. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

A knowledge based approach for capturing rich semantic representations from text for intelligent systems [PDF] from planetpuri.com PZ Yeh, CA Puri… – International Journal of Advanced …, 2010 – Inderscience … We are currently investigating whether euphemisms and metaphors can be handled in a scalable manner through the use of additional transformations during the match phase of our approach. … Note 1 We use the Porter Stemmer (Porter, 1980) to stem each word. Related articles – All 7 versions

Within-Language Information Retrieval C Peters, M Braschler… – Multilingual Information Retrieval, 2012 – Springer … Morphology • Synonyms • Homonyms • Paraphrases • Metaphors • Spelling variants and … To illustrate the workings of a rule-based stemmer, in Table 2.2 we present a small sample of rules taken from the widely-used Porter stemmer for the English language18 (Porter 1980). …

[PDF] DETECTING DOMAIN FROM SOURCE CODE USING SEMANTIC CLUSTERING [PDF] from thapar.edu S MADAN – 2009 – dspace.thapar.edu … been in human language acquisition simulations and in modeling of high-level comprehension phenomena like metaphor understanding, causal inferences and judgments of similarity. … 13 stem train. In case of an English text corpus the Porter Stemming Algorithm is well- …

Context preserving dynamic word cloud visualization [PDF] from ucdavis.edu W Cui, Y Wu, S Liu, F Wei… – … (PacificVis), 2010 IEEE, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Five word clouds ((a)-(e) in the figure) are created using our algorithm for five selected time points where high significance values are observed. addition, researchers have approached other visual metaphors to il- lustrate the popular words used in a set of text documents. … Cited by 15 – Related articles – All 9 versions

Assessment of Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) text mining algorithms for large scale mapping of patent and scientific publication documents [PDF] from kuleuven.be T Magerman, B Van Looy, B Baesens… – FBE Research Report …, 2011 – lirias.kuleuven.be … potentially limiting scientific progress (Argyres & Liebeskind, 1998; David, 2000; Krimsky, 2004). This fear is nicely expressed by the metaphor of the ‘Tragedy of the anti- commons’, introduced by Heller (Heller, 1998) as opposed to the ‘Tragedy of the …

An indicator of research front activity: Measuring intellectual organization as uncertainty reduction in document sets [PDF] from arxiv.org D Lucio-Arias… – Journal of the American …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … Unlike the natural sciences, in the social sciences theoretical concepts emerge in the literature not in response to discoveries, but in terms of new metaphors (Hesse, 1980). Would the same dynamic of textual organization by … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 13 versions

Evaluating Term Extraction Methods for Domain Analysis [PDF] from vt.edu C Nemallapudi – 2010 – scholar.lib.vt.edu … DARE has been implemented in several prototypes. The first implementation of DARE was used to develop domain book metaphor, and to investigate machine-assisted graphical word and phrase extraction and clustering. … The Porter stemmer has several drawbacks. … Related articles – Library Search

[PDF] Emotion Tagging-A Comparative Study on Bengali and English Blogs [PDF] from dasdipankar.com D Das… – ICON, 2009 – dasdipankar.com … features are Tense. Aspect, and Person). The stemmer uses a suffix list to iden- tify the stem form of the word. For English words: we have used a porter stemmer (Porter. 1997) to identify the stemmed forms. The improvement due … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 3 versions

The trend of green supply chain management research (2000-2010): A text mining analysis W Shianghau… – Supply Chain Management and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … The Porter Stemmer: The node reduces the … [20] K. Thiel, ‘KeyGraph: automatic indexing by co-occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor’, IEEE International Forum on Research and Technology Advances in Digital Libraries, ADL 98, Proceedings, 1998. … Related articles

SVM based adaptive learning method for text classification from positive and unlabeled documents T Peng, W Zuo… – Knowledge and Information Systems, 2008 – Springer … originally developed by Kennedy and Elberhart [12], is a method for optimizing hard numerical functions on metaphor of social … 5) [25] feature selection, and removed the commoner morphological and inflexional endings from words using Porter Stemming Algorithm (http://www … Cited by 16 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Technologies for context based video search [PDF] from gatech.edu A Bahga – 2010 – smartech.gatech.edu … not only time consuming but also subjective. Moreover, multiple semantic meanings such as metaphorical, hidden or suppressed meanings can be associated with the same video content which makes the process of content description even more complex. For … Library Search – All 3 versions

A survey of web clustering engines [PDF] from fub.it C Carpineto, S Osinski, G Romano… – ACM Computing Surveys ( …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … shallow linguistic preprocessing (in contrast to finding true word lemmas). The most commonly used stemming algorithm for English is the Porter stemmer [Porter 1997]. Algorithms for several Latin-family languages can also be … Cited by 81 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Modeling Common Real-Word Relations Using Triples Extracted from n-Grams R Sipoš, D Mladenic, M Grobelnik… – The Semantic Web, 2009 – Springer … That is why our input data re- quires lemmatization before we can use it. Simple rule based stemmers, such as Porter Stemmer, are useful for example when using bag-of-words representation of text in text mining [16]. … We prefer non ambiguous concepts. * Metaphors etc. … Related articles – All 3 versions

Cross-Language Information Retrieval C Peters, M Braschler… – Multilingual Information Retrieval, 2012 – Springer … It is also important to note that metaphors, cultural differences and highly specialised terminology make it very difficult or effectively … when using simple rule-based stemming mechanisms during indexing for the generation of features (compare the Porter stemmer, Section 2.4.5 …

A semantic analysis approach for assessing professionalism using free-form text entered online R Blake… – Computers in Human Behavior, 2011 – Elsevier … MAP uses an effort-and-earn metaphor where “MAP miles” are earned by participants based upon the category of event and the participant’s reflection of his or her experience with the event. The program operates as follows. … Related articles – All 2 versions

Multiple perspective interactive search: a paradigm for exploratory search and information retrieval on the web R Singh, YW Hsu… – Multimedia Tools and Applications, 2011 – Springer … For instance in [5], a flower metaphor was used for the glyph design and the … on information presentation in manners that are both perceptual and avoid the use of complex metaphors. … Next, the Porter stemming algorithm [30], is used to truncate words to their root forms in order …

Recognizing Citations in Public Comments [PDF] from cmu.edu J Arguello, J Callan… – Journal of Information …, 2008 – Taylor & Francis … For the implementation of these classifiers, all text was downcased and tokenized by splitting on white space and punctuation. Stopwords (ie, topic-general function words) were removed and each term was stemmed (ie, suffix-stripped) using the Porter stemmer (Porter, 198010. … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Keyword extraction from a single document using centrality measures G Palshikar – Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, 2007 – Springer … words that occur less than a spec- ified number of times in the document) (vi) stemming (eg, using the Porter stemming algorithm). … 2002) 6. Ohsawa, Y., Benson, NE, Yachida, M.: Keygraph: automatic indexing by co- occurrence graph based on building construction metaphor. … Cited by 5 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Introduction to Search with Sphinx A Aksyonoff – 2011 – books.google.com … concordance. Inter- estingly, that’s not just a metaphor, but a pretty accurate or even literally correct description. … normalization. The most popular stemmer for the English language is the Porter stemmer, developed by Martin Porter in 1979. … Cited by 3 – Related articles – Library Search – All 2 versions

[PDF] Constructing information networks from text documents [PDF] from ecmlpkdd2009.net M Juršic, N Lavrac, I Mozetic… – … Networks at ECML …, 2009 – ecmlpkdd2009.net … The following alternatives have been made available: Snowball stemmers, the Porter stemmer [Por80], Lemmagen lemmatizer [Jur07]. … Ohsawa, Y., Benson, NE, Yachida, M.: KeyGraph: Automatic Indexing by Co- occurrence Graph based on Building Construction Metaphor. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 19 versions

Concept location with genetic algorithms: A comparison of four distributed architectures [PDF] from umontreal.ca F Asadi, G Antoniol… – Search Based Software …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … split into get and book. Then, we stem the obtained simple terms using a Porter stemmer [36]. Once terms belonging to each method extracted, we index these terms using the tf-idf indexing mechanisms [37]. We thus obtain a … Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 5 versions

A comprehensive characterization of NLP techniques for identifying equivalent requirements [PDF] from gerardocanfora.net D Falessi, G Cantone… – Proceedings of the 2010 ACM-IEEE …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … italic. 3.1 Algebraic Models Vector Space Model (VSM): VSM adopts the underlying metaphor of using spatial proximity for semantic proximity; such a conceptual simplicity makes it the most adopted algebraic model in practice. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Language independent stemming J Fairweather – US Patent 8,015,175, 2011 – Google Patents … cussed below). The third colurrm (Fairweather) shows the VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS output from the stemmer disclosed in detail below. The fourth 30 colurrm (Porter) shows the output from the Porter stemmer. FIG. 1 shows … Related articles – All 4 versions

Workflow Tools for Managing Biological and Chemical Data T Meinl, B Wiswedel… – … in Cheminformatics and …, 2012 – Wiley Online Library Page 1. CHAPTER 7 WORKFLOW TOOLS FOR MANAGING BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA THORSTEN MEINL, BERND WISWEDEL, and MICHAEL R. BERTHOLD Universit ¨at Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany 1 INTRODUCTION …

A heuristic-based approach to identify concepts in execution traces [PDF] from unisannio.it F Asadi, M Di Penta, G Antoniol… – … (CSMR), 2010 14th …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … get and book. Then, we stem the obtained simple terms using a Porter stemmer [22]. Once terms belonging to each method have been ex- tracted, we index these terms using the tf-idf indexing mechanisms [20]. We obtain a … Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Classifying emotion in news sentences: When machine classification meets human classification [PDF] from psu.edu PK Bhowmick, A Basu… – International Journal on Computer …, 2010 – Citeseer … The remaining content words are stemmed using Porter’s stemmer algorithm [28]. … [3] Kovecses, Z. (2003) Language and emotion concepts. In: Metaphor and Emotion: Language, Culture, and Body in Human Feeling. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Automated Production of High-Volume, Real-Time Political Event Data [PDF] from wustl.edu P Schrodt – 2010 – papers.ssrn.com … miscoded as conflict behavior between the US, Germany and Japan. Another longstanding problem are international sports competitions that use military metaphors. World Cup reports, for example, always use the simple national … Related articles – All 4 versions

[BOOK] Multilingual Information Retrieval: From Research to Practice C Peters, M Braschler… – 2011 – books.google.com Page 1. Carol Peters Martin Braschler Paul Clough Multilingual Information Retrieval From Research To Practice Page 2. Multilingual Information Retrieval Page 3. . Page 4. Carol Peters l Martin Braschler l Paul Clough Multilingual …

Detecting splogs via temporal dynamics using self-similarity analysis [PDF] from psu.edu YR Lin, H Sundaram, Y Chi, J Tatemura… – ACM Transactions on …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … We use self- similarity analysis in the visualization to distinguish amongst different blog types. In order to examine the temporal dynamics of blogs, we represent the simi- larity relationship in the blog temporal sequence using a “clock” metaphor. The … Cited by 32 – Related articles – All 10 versions

Information-theoretic semantic multimedia indexing [PDF] from unl.pt J Magalhães, S Rüger – Proceedings of the 6th ACM international …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … Following traditional information retrieval text processing techniques [39] we remove stop words and, following Joachims [19], remove rare words from the text corpus (to avoid over- fitting). After this, the Porter stemmer [31] reduces words to their morphological root. … Cited by 36 – Related articles – All 13 versions

Using natural language program analysis to locate and understand action-oriented concerns [PDF] from udel.edu D Shepherd, ZP Fry, E Hill, L Pollock… – Proceedings of the 6th …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … First the user (1) formulates a query from their initial concept. OOP style requires programmers to organize their code according to objects (or nouns, using natural language as a metaphor), causing a program’s actions (verbs) to become scattered during implemen- tation. … Cited by 80 – Related articles – All 14 versions

[PDF] An adaptive document classifier inspired by T-cell cross-regulation in the immune system [PDF] from indiana.edu AA Haidar – 2011 – informatics.indiana.edu Page 1. AN ADAPTIVE DOCUMENT CLASSIFIER INSPIRED BY T-CELL CROSS-REGULATION IN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM Alaa Abi Haidar Submitted to the faculty of the University Graduate School in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Philosophy … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] Automated production of high-volume, near-real-time political event data [PDF] from uky.edu PA Schrodt – American Political Science Association meetings, …, 2010 – qipsr.as.uky.edu … miscoded as conflict behavior between the US, Germany and Japan. Another longstanding problem are international sports competitions that use military metaphors. World Cup reports, for example, always use the simple national … Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[PDF] MigratoryWords [PDF] from berkeley.edu J Whitaker, M Manoochehri, H Park… – 2010 – ischool.berkeley.edu … A Pocket Theory for Social Factors of Influence One undeniable force in these social theories is how reputation and social networks drive transference. Some modern thinkers have applied physical metaphors of movement to de- scribe the dynamics involved in this process. 9 … Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Comparitive Analysis of Measures of Similarity and Semantic Relatedness in Text Classification [PDF] from thapar.edu S Chandna… – 2010 – dspace.thapar.edu Page 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MEASURES OF SIMILARITY AND SEMANTIC RELATEDNESS FOR TEXT CLASSIFICATION Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of Master of Engineering in Computer Science & Engineering … Related articles

[PDF] Latent semantic sentence clustering for multi-document summarization [PDF] from cam.ac.uk J Geiß – month, 2011 – cl.cam.ac.uk Page 1. Technical Report Number 802 Computer Laboratory UCAM-CL-TR-802 ISSN 1476-2986 Latent semantic sentence clustering for multi-document summarization Johanna Geiß July 2011 15 JJ Thomson Avenue Cambridge … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Extending the Entity-Attribute-Value Model PM Nadkarni – Metadata-driven Software Systems in Biomedicine, 2011 – Springer Page 1. 193 PM Nadkarni, Metadata-driven Software Systems in Biomedicine, Health Informatics, DOI: 10.1007/978-0-85729-510-1_11, (c) Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011 Extending the Entity-Attribute-Value Model 11 … Related articles

[PDF] Text as Data: The Promise and Pitfalls of Automatic Content Analysis Methods for Political Texts [PDF] from stanford.edu J Grimmer… – 2011 – stanford.edu … on the extreme complexity of parsing the sentence, using the change in our understanding of “flies like” as the sentence progresses-from metaphorical to literal. … but the Porter stemming algorithm (Porter, 1980) provides a moderate solution that has proven … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Exploring Potential Improvements to Term-based Clustering of Web Documents [PDF] from wsu.edu D ARA?CIC – 2007 – dissertations.wsu.edu … as identifying synonyms [5], deducing the semantics of words that it hasn’t been exposed to [6], and even interpreting metaphors [7]. It has also been successfully used in a broad range of applications, from grading essays, to evaluating performance of flight simulators [8]. … Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search

[PDF] Creativity Support for Computational Literature [PDF] from nyu.edu DC Howe – 2009 – cs.nyu.edu … asking [the digital writer] to create sculptures using a hand cranked ice cream machine” [Larson 2005]. Metaphors aside, it would seem clear that literary artists have experienced relatively few benefits from the affordances of computational methods. Not only is this a missed … Related articles – View as HTML – All 8 versions

Empirical Principles and an Industrial Case Study in Retrieving Equivalent Requirements via Natural Language Processing Techniques D Falessi, G Cantone… – IEEE Transactions …, 2011 – doi.ieeecomputersociety.org Page 1. Empirical Principles and an Industrial Case Study in Retrieving Equivalent Requirements via Natural Language Processing Techniques D. FALESSI, Member, IEEE, G. CANTONE, G. CANFORA, Member, IEEE Computer Society …

[PDF] Computational Metaphor Identification to Foster Critical Thinking and Creativity DISSERTATION [PDF] from ericbaumer.com E BAUMER – 2009 – ericbaumer.com … metaphor in their responses…..206 Figure 5.6: Histogram of all new overall metaphors for a cell (N=308). “other” denotes a response evidencing metaphorical thinking without stating an overall new metaphor, and … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Adding semantics to detectors for video retrieval [PDF] from uva.nl CGM Snoek, B Huurnink, L Hollink… – Multimedia, IEEE …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … into sequences of charac- ters. We perform three experiments for text matching- perfect match, stemmed match, and character -gram match. For stem- ming we use the Porter stemming algorithm [53]. For character -grams we … Cited by 105 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 24 versions

[PDF] Lehrbefugnis für Informatik [PDF] from uni-freiburg.de ICN Ziegler – 2009 – informatik.uni-freiburg.de … approaches. The most popular one among these is the well-known Porter stemming algorithm [Porter, 1980]: Here, stems are generated not by in-depth morphological analysis, but by simple rules that may generate inexact stems. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Automated annotation and visualization of rhetorical figures [PDF] from uwaterloo.ca JJ Gawryjolek – 2009 – uwspace.uwaterloo.ca … the figures of parallelism. Moreover, we have applied the semantic relationships contained in the WordNet lexical database and extended Porter stemmer algorithm for finding derivationally related words. Finally, we present … Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Messaging Forensic Framework for Cybercrime Investigation [PDF] from concordia.ca F Iqbal – 2011 – spectrum.library.concordia.ca Page 1. Messaging Forensic Framework for Cybercrime Investigation Farkhund Iqbal A Thesis in The Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Concordia University … Related articles

[PDF] An Information-Theoretic Framework for Semantic-Multimedia Indexing [PDF] from unl.pt J Magalhães, S Rüger – 2009 – ctp.di.fct.unl.pt Page 1. 1 An Information-Theoretic Framework for Semantic-Multimedia Indexing João Magalhães Department of Computing Imperial College London London, UK j.magalhaes@imperial.ac.uk Stefan Rüger Knowledge Media … Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Foundation, Implementation and Evaluation of the MorphoSaurus System K Markó – 2008 – deposit.ddb.de … 2.2 Morphological Processes 11 The medical sublanguage reveals even more complexity. Ancient Greek doctors usually used metaphors to describe body parts and diseases. For example, the part between the stomach and the small intestine has a length of twelve fingers, and … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Affect in text and speech [PDF] from illinois.edu ECO Alm – 2008 – books.google.com … And, as a particular example, metaphorical phenomena may also involve affective aspects (Besnier 1990), and cognitive linguists have considered emotion categories via the interesting area of conceptual metaphor, eg (Taylor 1995; Huang, Yang, and Zhou 2005). … Cited by 30 – Related articles – All 10 versions

User-assisted query translation for interactive cross-language information retrieval [PDF] from umd.edu DW Oard, D He… – Information Processing & Management, 2008 – Elsevier Cited by 31 – Related articles – All 12 versions

[BOOK] Information retrieval architecture and algorithms G Kowalski – 2011 – books.google.com … 72 3.6 Stemming ….. 76 3.6.1 Introduction to the Stemming Process ….. 77 3.6.2 Porter Stemming Algorithm ….. 79 3.6.3 Dictionary Look-Up Stemmers ….. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

[PDF] Content assessment in intelligent computer-aided language learning: Meaning error diagnosis for English as a second language [PDF] from psu.edu SM Bailey – 2008 – Citeseer … ICALL. I also will forever be grateful for his encouragement when I needed it, not to mention his often clever use of metaphor. And my thanks go to Chris, who gave me the one piece of advice I returned to again and again. And that was to keep it simple. So, from data … Cited by 6 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 8 versions

[BOOK] Utilization of semantic linking and visualization techniques to facilitate knowledge creation from textual software artifacts M Makovoz – 2008 – books.google.com Page 1. Utilization of Semantic Linking and Visualization Techniques to Facilitate Knowledge Creation from Textual Software Artifacts by Michael Makovoz A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the … Cited by 2 – Related articles – Library Search – All 3 versions

[PDF] A study on the use of ontologies to represent collective knowledge [PDF] from dit.ie J McAuley – Masters, 2008 – arrow.dit.ie Page 1. Dublin Institute of Technology ARROW@DIT Masters Applied Arts 2008-01-01 A Study on the use of Ontologies to Represent Collective Knowledge John McAuley (Thesis) Dublin Institute of Technology, john@dmc.dit.ie … Related articles – All 5 versions

An information-theoretic framework for semantic-multimedia retrieval [PDF] from open.ac.uk J Magalhães, S Rüger – ACM Transactions on Information Systems ( …, 2010 – dl.acm.org Page 1. 19 An Information-Theoretic Framework for Semantic-Multimedia Retrieval JO ˜AO MAGALH ˜AES Universidade Nova de Lisboa and STEFAN R ¨UGER Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University This article is … Related articles – All 2 versions

Integrating information retrieval, execution and link analysis algorithms to improve feature location in software B Dit, M Revelle… – Empirical Software Engineering, 2011 – Springer … Additionally, source code identifiers and other compound words are split (eg, “featureLocation” becomes “feature” and “location”). Finally, stemming is per- formed to reduce words to their root forms (eg, “stemmed” becomes “stem”), using the Porter stemmer (Porter 1980). …

A heuristic-based approach to locate concepts in execution traces [PDF] from polymtl.ca F Asadi – 2010 – publications.polymtl.ca Page 1. UNIVERSITÉ DE MONTRÉAL A HEURISTIC-BASED APPROACH TO LOCATE CONCEPTS IN EXECUTION TRACES FATEMEH ASADI DÉPARTEMENT DE GÉNIE INFORMATIQUE ET GÉNIE LOGICIEL ÉCOLE POLYTECHNIQUE DE MONTRÉAL … Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Long-answer question answering and rhetorical-semantic relations [PDF] from psu.edu SJ Blair-Goldensohn – 2007 – Citeseer Page 1. Long-Answer Question Answering and Rhetorical-Semantic Relations Sasha J. Blair-Goldensohn Submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY 2007 … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 7 versions

[BOOK] Empirical Machine Translation and its Evaluation [PDF] from psu.edu JAG Linares… – 2009 – Citeseer … enjoy an arrow, etc. However, our knowledge about the use of language tells us that the most plausible interpretation is the first one; the sentence as a metaphor instead of as a literal description. 2We recommend Chapter 6 … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 10 versions

Medical Emergency Team Tutored Learning Environment [PDF] from dtic.mil EA Domeshek – 2008 – DTIC Document Page 1. AD_____ Award Number: W81XWH-04-C-0067 TITLE: Medical Emergency Team Tutored Learning Environment PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Eric A. Domeshek, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Stottler Henke Associates, Inc. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search – All 2 versions

Data-driven machine translation for sign languages [PDF] from dcu.ie S Morrissey – 2008 – doras.dcu.ie Page 1. Data-Driven Machine Translation for Sign Languages Sara Morrissey BSc. A dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) to the Dublin City University School of Computing Supervisor: Prof. Andy Way April 2008 … Cited by 14 – Related articles – All 13 versions

Collaborative tagging: folksonomy, metadata, visualization, e-learning, thesis [PDF] from usask.ca S Bateman – 2007 – library2.usask.ca Page 1. COLLABORATIVE TAGGING: FOLKSONOMY, METADATA, VISUALIZATION, E-LEARNING, THESIS A Thesis Submitted to the College of Graduate Studies and Research In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Master of Science … Related articles – All 4 versions

[CITATION] English-Chinese Language Transfer Correction Incorporating Lexico-Syntactic Templates and Relative Position Modelling M Harris – 2008 Related articles – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Natural language processing for online applications: Text retrieval, extraction and categorization P Jackson… – 2007 – books.google.com Page 1. Natural Language Processing 5 Natural Language Processing for Online Applications Text Retrieval, Extraction and Categorization Second revised edition Peterjackson and Isabelle Moulinier JOHN BENJAMINS PUBLISHING COMPANY Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5 … Cited by 233 – Related articles – Library Search – All 9 versions

Object Identification and Aspect Mining in Procedural Object-Oriented Code [PDF] from archives-ouvertes.fr MU Bhatti – 2009 – tel.archives-ouvertes.fr Page 1. THESE DE DOCTORAT DE L’UNIVERSITE PARIS I – PANTHEON – SORBONNE Spécialité: Informatique Muhammad Usman Bhatti Pour l’obtention du titre de : DOCTEUR DE L’ UNIVERSITE PARIS I — PANTHEON – SORBONNE Object Identification and Aspect Mining … Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Content and structure summarisation for accessing XML documents [PDF] from vu.nl Z Szlavik – 2008 – few.vu.nl Page 1. 1 Content and structure summarisation for accessing XML documents Zolt´an Szl´avik Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Queen Mary, University of London November 2008 Page 2. 2 Declaration of originality … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions