Rhetorical Structure Tree


Notes:

A rhetorical structure tree (RS tree) is a representation of elementary discourse units (EDUs) and discourse relations among them.

See also:

Discourse Unit & Dialog SystemsRST (Rhetorical Structure Theory) & Dialog Systems


Extractive speech summarization using shallow rhetorical structure modeling JJ Zhang, RHY Chan, P Fung – Audio, Speech, and Language …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … These coherent text spans are units of rhetorical structure. Mann and Thompson assert that the structure of every coherent text span can be described by a single rhetorical structure tree, whose top schema application creates a span encompassing the whole document[14]. … Cited by 20 Related articles All 4 versions

Automatic text summarization based on rhetorical structure theory L Chengcheng – Computer Application and System Modeling ( …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … C. Nucleus filter statement Now we have to consider how the rhetorical structure tree by tree filter out some of the statements is not important, and to retain those who might as a digest of the sentences and the relationship between their rhetoric. … Cited by 7 Related articles All 2 versions

Arabic text summarization using Rhetorical Structure Theory A Ibrahim, T Elghazaly – Informatics and Systems (INFOS), …, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … A. Building a Rhetorical Structure Tree This descriptive framework provides a rhetorical representation by building a binary tree that depends on the relationships between the paragraphs that are defined within the Matching Relation Cues Phase, in order to distinguish between … Cited by 4 Related articles

How complex is discourse structure? M Egg, G Redeker – LREC, 2010 – hnk.ffzg.hr … Rhetorical Structure Theory: Towards a functional theory of text organization. Text 8, pp. 243–281. Marcu, D. (1996). Building up rhetorical structure trees. In Proceedings of the 13th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Portland, pp. 1069–1074. Polanyi, L. (1988). … Cited by 11 Related articles All 13 versions

HILDA: a discourse parser using support vector machine classification H Hernault, H Prendinger, M Ishizuka – Dialogue & Discourse, 2010 – dad.uni-bielefeld.de … A text is first segmented into EDUs. • Then the relation labeling step evaluates which relations are likely to hold between consec- utive EDUs. The two EDUs which are most probably connected by a rhetorical relation are merged into a rhetorical structure tree of two EDUs. … Cited by 49 Related articles All 6 versions

Rhetorical representation and vector representation in summarizing Arabic text A Ibrahim, T Elghazaly – Natural Language Processing and Information …, 2013 – Springer … Arabic text summarization. The Rhetorical Representation uses the Rhetorical Structure Theory (RST) for building the Rhetorical Structure Tree (RS-Tree) and extracts the most significant para- graphs as a summary. On the … Cited by 3 Related articles All 2 versions

Unlocking medical ontologies for non-ontology experts SF Liang, D Scott, R Stevens, A Rector – Proceedings of bionlp 2011 …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … paragraphs. Our method relies on deploying ontology axioms into a top-level Rhetorical Structure Theory schema. Axioms are ordered and structured with specific rhetorical relations under rhetorical structure trees. We describe … Cited by 11 Related articles All 18 versions

Towards personality-based user adaptation: psychologically informed stylistic language generation F Mairesse, MA Walker – User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 2010 – dl.acm.org … Toward a functional theory of text organization. Text 8(3), 243-281 (1988). 88. Daniel Marcu, Building up rhetorical structure trees, Proceedings of the thirteenth national conference on Artificial intelligence, p.1069-1074, August 04-08, 1996, Portland, Oregon. … Cited by 34 Related articles All 17 versions

A survey on automatic summarization S Wang, W Li, F Wang, H Deng – Int. Forum on Inf. Techn. and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … and Chen proposed the corpus-based approach to calculate the weight of sentence[13], Barzilay and Elhada extracted summary according to lexical chains[14], Maeda extracted summary according to pragmatic analysis[15], Marcu used rhetorical structure tree to extract … Cited by 7 Related articles All 6 versions

A French Human Reference Corpus for Multi-Document Summarization and Sentence Compression. C de Loupy, M Guégan, C Ayache, S Seng… – LREC, 2010 – lrec.elra.info … structure of a text. These methods (Ono, Sumita and Miike, 1994; Marcu, 1997) use the rhetorical structure trees of a text and compute different node scores. Each node corresponds to a segment of the text. The scores allow … Cited by 9 Related articles All 8 versions

Complex discourse units and their semantics N Asher, P Muller, S Afantenos – Nation, 2011 – passage.inria.fr … Rhetorical structure theory: A framework for the analysis of texts. International Pragmatics Association Papers in Pragmatics, 1:79–105, 1987. 15. D. Marcu. Building up rhetorical structure trees. In Proceedings of AAAI, pages 1069–1074, 1996. 16. D. Marcu. … Cited by 10 Related articles All 4 versions

Thai rhetorical structure analysis S Sinthupoun, O Sornil – arXiv preprint arXiv:1002.1919, 2010 – arxiv.org … A rhetorical structure tree is constructed from a clustering technique with its similarity measure derived from Thai semantic rules. … Keywords- Thai Language, Rhetorical Structure Analysis, Elementary Discourse Unit, Rhetorical Structure Tree, Discourse Relation. … Cited by 3 Related articles All 3 versions

Learning deep rhetorical structure for extractive speech summarization JJ Zhang, P Fung – Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing ( …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … These coherent text spans are units of rhetorical structure. Mann and Thompson assert that the structure of every coherent text span can be described by a single rhetorical structure tree, whose top schema application creates a span encompassing the whole document [11]. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions

Rhetorics-based multi-document summarization J Atkinson, R Munoz – Expert Systems with Applications, 2013 – Elsevier … text. For texts having a fixed structure and identified coherence relations, a tree-like discourse model can be built. This Rhetorical Structure Tree (RS-tree), represents units and relationships implicitly stated in the original text. In … Cited by 10 Related articles All 4 versions

Facilitating discourse analysis with interactive visualization J Zhao, F Chevalier, C Collins… – … , IEEE Transactions on, 2012 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Abstract—A discourse parser is a natural language processing system which can represent the organization of a document based on a rhetorical structure tree—one of the key data structures enabling applications such as text summarization, question answering and dialogue … Cited by 9 Related articles All 17 versions

Expressivity and comparison of models of discourse structure A Venant, N Asher, P Denis, S Afantenos – 2013 – Citeseer … Consider: (1) [“he was a very aggressive firefighter.]C1 [he loved the wo… 48, Discourse Relations: A Structural and Presuppositional Account Using Lexicalised – Webber, Knott, et al. – 1999. 46, Building up rhetorical structure trees – Marcu – 1996 (Show Context) Citation Context … Cited by 2 Related articles

An answer extraction method based on discourse structure and rank learning H Zong, Z Yu, J Guo, Y Xian, J Li – … Engineering (NLP-KE), 2011 …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … rate of system; secondly, carry on a depth analysis for documents to determine the contents of semantic relations between paragraphs, logical relationship between main units and acquire information of each basic unit, create the similar rhetorical structure tree to represent the … Cited by 2 Related articles

A Novel Arabic Text Summarization Model Based on Rhetorical Structure Theory and Vector Space Model A Ibrahim, T Elghazaly, M Gheith – 2013 – ijclnlp.org … After the units are identified and the rhetorical relations between units are recognized, now the proposed model can represent and building a rhetorical structure by using a binary tree topology called the rhetorical structure tree (RS-Tree). … Cited by 1 Related articles

Establishing criteria for RST-based discourse segmentation and annotation for texts in Basque M Iruskieta, A Diaz de Ilarraza, M Lersundi – 2013 – degruyter.com … This ap- 5 The website for the rhetorical structure tree graphic editing tool is http://www.wagsoft.com/ RSTTool/ Brought to you by | Google Googlebot – Web Crawler SEO Authenticated | 66.249.78.224 Download Date | 5/13/14 1:34 AM Page 5. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 3 versions

Holistic discourse coherence annotation for noisy essay writing J Burstein, J Tetreault, M Chodorow – Dialogue & Discourse, 2013 – elanguage.net … High-level descriptions of the features are given below. (For more detailed descriptions of the entity-grid approach, refer to Barzilay & Lapata, 2008); for more detail about the rhetorical structure tree parser, see Marcu, 2000). … Cited by 4 Related articles All 5 versions

Software Quality Metrics For Rhetorical Structure Theory Based Information Retrieval Systems MAS Shoaib, S Jabeen, MP Tariq – Pakistan Journal of Science, 2010 – paas.com.pk … text span. A Rhetorical relation will be considered stronger if it is a direct relation between two nodes. Rhetorical relation strength can help in the construction and improvisation of the rhetorical structure tree. Suppose there are … Cited by 1 Related articles

Representation learning for text-level discourse parsing Y Ji, J Eisenstein – Proceedings of the 52nd Annual Meeting of the …, 2014 – cc.gatech.edu Page 1. Representation Learning for Text-level Discourse Parsing Yangfeng Ji School of Interactive Computing Georgia Institute of Technology jiyfeng@gatech.edu Jacob Eisenstein School of Interactive Computing Georgia Institute of Technology jacobe@gatech.edu Abstract … Cited by 2 Related articles All 6 versions

Global and Local Models for Multi-Document Summarization P Das, R Srihari – TAC 2011 Proceedings, 2011 – nist.gov … By augmenting this model with local Rhetorical Structure trees of these sentences, we are able to select the salient spans of the sentences which are used to generate bulleted list sum- maries. … Root [2, 3] (b) Rhetorical Structure Tree of the second sen- tence … Cited by 2 Related articles All 3 versions

A novel rule-based discourse structure builder R Mahmud, F Khak – 2010 3rd International Conference on …, 2010 – repository.um.edu.my … Language Learning. – Ann Arbor, Michigan : [sn], 2005. [18] Marcu Daniel, Building Up Rhetorical Structure Trees [Conference] // Proceedings of AAAI-96. American Association for Artificial Intelligence . – Portland : [sn], 1996. – Vol. 2. Cited by 1 Related articles

Paraphrases and applications S Zhao, H Wang – Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on …, 2010 – dl.acm.org Page 1. Coling 2008: Paraphrases and Applications–Tutorial notes, pages 1–87, Beijing, August 2010 Paraphrases and Applications Shiqi Zhao Baidu, Inc. Haifeng Wang Baidu, Inc. Outline • Part I –Introduction –Introduction –Paraphrase Identification –Paraphrase Extraction … Cited by 2 Related articles All 6 versions

A qualitative comparison method for rhetorical structures: identifying different discourse structures in multilingual corpora M Iruskieta, I da Cunha, M Taboada – Language Resources and …, 2014 – Springer … So following this framework we will use the term ”Central Unit(s)” (CU) of the text for the most important unit of an rhetorical structure tree (RS-tree) and ”Central Subconstituent(s)” (CS) of a relation for the most important unit of the modifier span that is the most important unit of … Cited by 1 Related articles All 4 versions

Controlled natural language in a game for legal assistance JJ Camilleri, GJ Pace, M Rosner – Controlled Natural Language, 2012 – Springer … presentation of information. The scope is thus wider than Power-et. al.’s, but the general methodology is similar insofar as in both cases, the message to be conveyed is expressed using a rhetorical structure tree. The main difference … Cited by 1 Related articles All 7 versions

The annotation of the Central Unit in Rhetorical Structure Trees: A Key Step in Annotating Rhetorical Relations M Iruskieta, AD de Ilarraza, M Lersundi – aclweb.org Abstract This article aims to analyze how agreement regarding the central unit (macrostructure) influences agreement when establishing rhetorical relations (microstructure). To do so, the authors conducted an empirical study of abstracts from … Related articles All 3 versions

Thai Rhetorical Structure Tree Construction S Sinthupoun, O Sornil – International Journal of Computational …, 2010 – mail.gelbukh.com ABSTRACT A rhetorical structure tree (RS tree) is a representation of elementary discourse units (EDUs) and discourse relations among them. An RS tree is very useful to many text processing tasks utilizing relations among EDUs such as text understanding, … Related articles All 11 versions

HILDA: A discourse parser using support vector machine classification. Dialogue and Discourse H Hernault, H Prendinger, DA Duverle, M Ishizuka… – 2010 – Citeseer … lendable funds. can be segmented into EDUs as shown in Figure 1. [Farm lending was enacted] 1A [to correct this prob… 51, Building up rhetorical structure trees – MARCU – 1996 (Show Context) Citation Context. …ion, lexical … All 2 versions

A description of pragmatics rhetorical structure and its evaluation in computational linguistics M Iruskieta – 2014 – researchgate.net Page 1. A description of pragmatics rhetorical structure and its evaluation in computational linguistics Mikel Iruskieta mikel.iruskieta@ehu.es Ixa group for NLP University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) April 7, 2014 Page 2. Outline …

Improve the Automatic Summarization of Arabic Text Depending on Rhetorical Structure Theory A Ibrahim, T Elghazaly – Artificial Intelligence (MICAI), 2013 …, 2013 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Fi Space-Tree model toolkit to be convened to topology (binary tree). Then, we render visualize RS-Tree, as shown in Fig1. Fig.1 Rhetorical Structure Tree for Exam 3) RST Selecting Process: The final ste nucleus paragraphs depending on the relatio … Related articles All 2 versions

Handling “why” questions in Arabic AM Azmi, N AlShenaifi – citala.org … of clauses. The relations in RST are fitted onto structures called schema applications, and these are fitted into text. The rhetorical structure tree (RS-tree) is a hierarchical system of schema applications. The schema application … Related articles

MRS for multi-document summarization by sentence extraction YD Xu, XD Zhang, GR Quan, YD Wang – Telecommunication Systems, 2013 – Springer … Let Tr and Tc represent respectively conjunction struc- ture tree and the hierarchical structure tree. In this paper, we use Dr. Liu Ting’s text rhetorical structure tree construction method [13] to build conjunction structure tree and the hi- erarchical structure tree. … Related articles All 3 versions

Experiment with Discourse Structure Builder engine R Mahmud, F Khak – … KE), 2011 7th International Conference on, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … CONLL ’05. Morristown, NJ, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, 2005, pp. 96–103. [10] D. Marcu, “Building up rhetorical structure trees,” in Proceedings of the thirteenth national conference on Artificial intelligence – Volume 2, ser. AAAI’96. AAAI Press, 1996, pp. … Related articles All 2 versions

Coherence Quality in Essay Writing D Blanchard, S Andreyev – Handbook of Automated Essay …, 2013 – books.google.com … Below, we describe each feature type and its corresponding scoring rubric criterion.(For more detailed descriptions of the entity-grid approach, refer to Barzilay and Lapata, 2008; for more detail about the rhetorical structure tree parser, see Marcu, 2000.) E—rater Grammatical … Related articles

Too Long-Didn’t Read: A Practical Web Based Approach towards Text Summarization AD Sharma, S Deep – Applied Algorithms, 2014 – Springer … extracting. Journal of the ACM (JACM) 16(2), 264–285 (1969) Page 11. 208 AD Sharma and S. Deep 7. Marcu, D.: Building up rhetorical structure trees. In: Proceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 1069 … Related articles All 2 versions

A Unique Indexing Technique for Discourse Structures CN Subalalitha, P Ranjani – Journal of Intelligent Systems, 2014 – degruyter.com … Appl. 26 (2011), 0975–8887. [3]. M. Daniel, Building up rhetorical structure trees, in: Proceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 1069–1074, 1996. [4]. KE Haouam and F. Mariri, A dynamic weight assignment approach for index terms, J. Comput. Sci. … Related articles All 2 versions

A Qualitative Comparison Method for Rhetorical Structures M Iruskieta, I da Cunha, M Taboada – researchgate.net … So following this framework we will use the term “Central Unit(s)” (CU) of the texT for the most important unit of an rhetorical structure tree (RS-tree) and “Central Subconstituent(s)” (CS) of a relation for the most important unit of the modifier span that is the most important unit of … Related articles

Building A Language-Independent Discourse Parser Using Universal Networking Language SC Navaneethakrishnan… – Computational …, 2014 – Wiley Online Library … Hence, two segments or CDU paragraph s, S 1 – S 3 and S 4 – S 5 , are identified. The RS tree construction for the CDUs identified is discussed in the next section. Rhetorical Structure Tree Construction. … CDU paragraph -level Rhetorical Structure Tree. … Related articles

Complex sentences as leaky units in discourse parsing N van der Vliet, G Redeker – researchgate.net … 181–196. Benjamins, Amsterdam (2001) 9. Marcu, D.: Building up Rhetorical Structure Trees. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 1069?1074. AAAI Press, Menlo Park, California (1996) 10. … Related articles All 2 versions

Towards a discourse coherent structure P Nand, WK Yeap – 2010 – aut.researchgateway.ac.nz … Rhetorical struc- ture theory: Towards a functional theory of text orga- nization. Text, 8(3):243–281. Marcu, D. (1996). Building up rhetorical structure trees. In In Proceedings of AAAI-96. American Association for Artificial Intelligence, pages 1069–1074. Marcu, D. (1997). … Related articles All 2 versions

Rhetorical Structures in Medication Information for Patients and Physicians: A comparative study in preparation for text generation R Krevers – 2011 – diva-portal.org … Figure 1 (below) illustrates how a short text can be divided into segments that relate to each other in an hierarchical structure (also known as Rhetorical Structure-trees, or RS-trees for short). The text … Figure 1: Example of a small Rhetorical Structure tree. … All 3 versions

Expressivity and comparison of models of discourse structure AVNAP Muller, PDS Afantenos – researchers.lille.inria.fr Page 1. Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2013 Conference, pages 2–11, Metz, France, 22-24 August 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics Expressivity and comparison of models of discourse structure Antoine … Related articles All 8 versions

Natural language summarization of text and videos using topic models P Das – 2014 – dl.acm.org … We use the Tag 2 LDA class of models in conjunction with local models (eg extracting syntactic and semantic roles of words, Rhetorical Structure trees, etc.) to do multi-document summarization of text documents based on information needs that are guided by a common … All 2 versions

23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics S Zhao, H Wang – 2010 – aclweb.org Page 1. Coling 2010 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics Tutorial notes Paraphrases and Applications Shiqi Zhao and Haifeng Wang Baidu Inc. August 22, 2010 Page 2. cG2010, Shiqi Zhao and Haifeng Wang, all rights reserved … All 8 versions

Towards interoperable discourse annotation. Discourse features in the Ontologies of Linguistic Annotation C Chiarcos – lrec-conf.org Page 1. Towards interoperable discourse annotation. Discourse features in the Ontologies of Linguistic Annotation Christian Chiarcos Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Germany chiarcos@informatik.uni-frankfurt.de Abstract … Related articles

Minimum redundancy and maximum relevance for single and multi-document Arabic text summarization H Oufaida, O Nouali, P Blache – Journal of King Saud University-Computer …, 2014 – Elsevier … Other works try to understand the source text and rely on a deep analysis of the source text. Indeed, Mathkour et al. (2008) built rhetorical structure trees (RS) ( Mann and Thompson, 1988 and Marcu, 2000) for Arabic texts. They … Related articles All 2 versions

Using genetic algorithms with lexical chains for automatic text summarization M Berker – 2011 – cmpe.boun.edu.tr … names [21]. Miike et al. (1994) claimed that the nuclei of a rhetorical structure tree could pro- … high levels of performance by using a scoring schema that assigned higher importance to the discourse units found closer to the root of a rhetorical structure tree than to the Page 18. 9 … Cited by 5 Related articles All 5 versions

Generating with discourse combinatory categorial grammar C Nakatsu, M White – Linguistic Issues in Language Technology, 2010 – elanguage.net Page 1. Linguistic Issues in Language Technology – LiLT September 2010 Generating with Discourse Combinatory Categorial Grammar Crystal Nakatsu Michael White Submitted, April 2010 Revised, September 2010 Published by CSLI Publications Page 2. Page 3. … Cited by 4 Related articles All 4 versions

A Framework Components for Natural Language Steganalysis. R Din, A Samsudin, P Lertkrai – International Journal of Computer Theory & …, 2012 – ijcte.org … West Lafayette, 2004. [29] D. Marcu, “Building up rhetorical structure trees,” in proceedings of the 13th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI–96), Portland, Oregon, August 4-8, 1996, vol. 2, pp. 1069-1074. [30] D … Related articles All 2 versions

SAPTE: A multimedia information system to support the discourse analysis and information retrieval of television programs MHR Pereira, CL de Souza, FLC Pádua… – Multimedia Tools and …, 2014 – Springer … These algorithms identify discourse uses of cue phrases and break sentences into clauses, hypothesize rhetor- ical relations that are hold among textual units, and produce valid rhetorical structure trees for unrestricted natural language texts [45]. … Related articles

[BOOK] Automated evaluation of text and discourse with Coh-Metrix DS McNamara, AC Graesser, PM McCarthy, Z Cai – 2014 – books.google.com Page 1. ram-‘4’“ qu?m- 1’ “E ,4; ; i’fégéutomatfd Evaluatlon y ofeIex? and Discourse “ ” ‘ > 1 ‘ ;, .BajjellQ; \ QEJArthur C. Gra Page 2. AUTOMATED EVALUATION OF TEXT AND DISCOURSE WITH COH-METRIX Coh-Metrix is among … Cited by 28 Related articles All 3 versions

A Computational Linguistic Approach Towards Understanding Wikipedia’s Article For Deletion (AFD) Discussions (Thesis format: … W Mao – 2014 – ir.lib.uwo.ca … 2 2.1 Hierarchy in a rhetorical structure tree . . . . . … Giving the same Page 20. Chapter 2. Literature Review 11 Figure 2.1: Hierarchy in a rhetorical structure tree text to several analysts, they often come up with different analyses. It is even possible … Related articles

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Summarizing information graphics textually S Demir, S Carberry, KF McCoy – Computational Linguistics, 2012 – MIT Press … The ILEX system (O’Donnell et al. 2001), which generates descriptions for exhibits in a museum gallery, utilizes a similar bottom–up planning approach (Mellish et al. 1998) where the best rhetorical structure tree over the semantic units is used as the text structure. … Cited by 2 Related articles All 8 versions

End-to-End Discourse Parsing with Cascaded Structured Prediction S Ghosh – 2012 – eprints-phd.biblio.unitn.it … Schema applications are derived from simpler structures called schemas. 7. A rhetorical structure tree is a hierarchical system of schema applica- tions. A schema application links a number of consecutive spans, and creates a complex span. … Cited by 5 Related articles

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Thai second language writing: the development of language knowledge and cross-cultural influence N Woodward – 2014 – shura.shu.ac.uk … i. Rhetorical depth ii. Combining rhetorical structures within a text 179 8.5 RHETORICAL STRUCTURE TREES FOR COMPLETE TEXTS 185 8.6 SUMMARY 191 Page 11. … 185 Figure 8.9 An example of whole text rhetorical structure tree by an LIT writer 188 … Related articles All 2 versions

Signalling of Coherence Relations in Discourse D Das – 2014 – summit.sfu.ca Page 1. Signalling of Coherence Relations in Discourse by Debopam Das MA (Linguistics), University of Calcutta, 2007 BA, University of Calcutta, 2004 Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the … Related articles

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Evaluating the Perception of Personality and Naturalness in Computer Generated Utterances C McCormick – 2012 – scss.tcd.ie … The content planning process takes a communicative goal, such as the recommendation or comparison of restaurants, and converts it into a high level rhetorical structure tree [28], which expresses information about the individual attributes of the communicative goal [4]. … Related articles All 3 versions

Automatic documents summarization using ontology based methodologies A Bawakid – 2011 – etheses.bham.ac.uk Page 1. UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM Automatic Documents Summarization Using Ontology based Methodologies Abdullah Bawakid Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy School of Electronic, Electrical … Related articles All 4 versions

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