Preface … 7
1. Intelligence, Thinking and Cognition … 10
In this chapter we will introduce the concepts intelligence, thinking and cognition, discuss why intelligence has fascinated people from all walks of life throughout history, and introduce the field of artificial intelligence.
2 Prerequisites for a Theory of Intelligence … 20
Chapter 3 outlines what type of theory we are looking for and introduces a number of important notions such as diversity-compliance, frames of reference, the synthetic methodology, time perspectives, emergence, and real world agents.
3 The Design Principles … 29
In this chapter we sketch a set of design heuristics – what we call the design principles for intelligent systems – that can be used to guide us in building new agents and understanding biological ones.
4. Development: From Locomotion to Cognition … 39
This chapter explores design and analysis issues from a developmental perspective, and asks how high-level cognition can emerge as an agent matures.
5. Evolution: Cognition from Scratch … 47
Chapter 6 looks at how we can harness ideas from biological evolution in order to design agents from scratch.
6. Collective Intelligence … 56
This chapter discusses phenomena that come about when agents interact in groups.
7. Ubiquitous computing and Everyday Robotics … 65
In this chapter we discuss ubiquitous computing, a rapidly expanding discipline where the goal is to put computers everywhere’, as well as exploring the development of robots that could enter into and participate in our everyday lives.
8. Where is Human Memory? … 75
Chapter 9 presents a case study on human memory that illustrates how embodiment provides a new perspective on challenging research problems old and new.
9. Building Intelligent Companies … 84
This chapter, written with management expert Simon Grand, applies the perspective of embodied intelligence to the business world, and in particular to the design and construction of new products, businesses.
10. Conclusion: Principles and Insights … 94
Lastly we will summarize the main points of our theory, and present a collection of examples illustrating how things can always be seen differently.