Intelligence Unbound: The Future of Uploaded and Machine Minds

Intelligence Unbound: The Future of Uploaded and Machine Minds (2014) .. edited by Russell Blackford (@metamagician), etc

Table of Contents

Title Page
Notes on Contributors

Introduction I: Machines of Loving Grace (Let’s Hope)
1 Machine minds or humans copied into machines?
2 Emulating the mind
3 Is my copy me?
4 Who woke up?

Introduction II: Bring on the Machines
1 A strange new epoch?
2 Machines that think?
3 Into the machine…?
4 Personal identity and survival
5 Contemplating the unimaginable
6 The future is coming

Chapter 1: How Conscience Apps and Caring Computers will Illuminate and Strengthen Human Morality
1 Introduction
2 Self-control
3 Caring
4 Fairness and moral cognition
5 Mindfulness
6 Intelligence
7 Conclusions

Chapter 2: Threshold Leaps in Advanced Artificial Intelligence
1 Explosive improvement
2 Scenarios of AI emergence
3 Physical growth
4 Conclusion

Chapter 3: Who Knows Anything about Anything about AI?
1 Introduction
2 Taxonomy of predictions
3 (Un)reliable experts
4 AI timeline predictions
5 Case studies
6 Conclusion: To know the limits of what can be known

Chapter 4: Nine Ways to Bias Open-Source Artificial General Intelligence Toward Friendliness
1 Introduction
2 Is open or closed AGI development safer?
3 The (unlikely) prospect of government controls on AGI development
4 Nine ways to bias AGI toward Friendliness
5 Conclusion

Chapter 5: Feasible Mind Uploading
1 Neural interfaces and neural prostheses
2 Iterative improvements in four main areas to achieve whole brain emulation
3 Is a computer too deterministic to house a mind?
4 A platform for iteration between model and measurement
5 Conclusions—uploaded and machine minds

Chapter 6: Uploading: A Philosophical Analysis
1 Uploading and consciousness
2 Uploading and personal identity
3 The argument from nondestructive uploading
4 The argument from gradual uploading
5 Where things stand
6 Uploading after brain preservation
7 Reconstructive uploading
8 Upshot

Chapter 7: Mind Uploading: A Philosophical Counter-Analysis
1 Introduction
2 What I am going to attempt here
3 What Chalmers says, redux
4 Consciousness, computation, and mind uploading
5 Mind uploading, personal identity, and Kirk’s death by transporter
6 Conclusion

Chapter 8: If You Upload, Will You Survive?
1 Introduction
2 Uploading and personal identity
3 Putting metaphysics to work
4 Response to Chalmers
5 Conclusion

Chapter 9: On the Prudential Irrationality of Mind Uploading
1 Is mind uploading a philosophical possibility?
2 Acknowledging and responding to philosophical skepticism about computer consciousness
3 Searle’s Wager
4 Why death could be so much worse for those considering uploading than it is for us now (or why D is so much worse than B)
5 Why uploading and surviving is not so much better than, and possible worse than, refusing to upload (or why A is not so much better than, and possibly worse than, C)
6 Why we shouldn’t make electronic copies of ourselves
7 Conclusion

Chapter 10: Uploading and Personal Identity
1 Uploading: prospects and perils
2 The equivalency thesis
3 Personal identity: psychological and somatic accounts
4 Against somaticism: the big stroke
5 Against somaticism: retrospective replicas
6 No branching
7 Types and tokens
8 The type/token solution to personal identity
9 Should I upload?

Chapter 11: Whole Brain Emulation: Invasive vs. Non-Invasive Methods
1 Introduction
2 WBE: Proposed methods
3 Can your WBE preserve your personal identity?
4 Concluding thoughts

Chapter 12: The Future of Identity: Implications, Challenges, and Complications of Human/Machine Consciousness

Chapter 13: Practical Implications of Mind Uploading
1 Physical appearance
2 Enhanced senses
3 Travel and duplication
4 Population growth
5 Age and wealth
6 Settling the solar system
7 Artificial realities
8 Conclusion

Chapter 14: The Values and Directions of Uploaded Minds
1 Uploading as a tipping point in values
2 Enabling leaps upward in motivation hierarchies
3 Discarding entire classes of valuable objects
4 Expanding value hierarchies to include novel phenomena
5 How can we anticipate directionality, or purpose?
6 Resource availability
7 Teleology for uploads
8 Conclusion

Chapter 15: The Enhanced Carnality of Post-Biological Life
1 Fake fear and loathing of the flesh
2 Beyond either/or thinking
3 The distorting lens of the cyborg
4 The irony of mockery
5 Freedom from biology
6 Conclusion

Chapter 16: Qualia Surfing
1 Fundamentals of qualia surfing
2 Abstract qualia
3 New bodies
4 Classic uploading
5 What is our purpose?
6 Domains
7 The Utopia that came in from the cold

Chapter 17: Design of Life Expansion and the Human Mind
1 Beneath the surface
2 Fracturing
3 Expansion
4 Design
5 Conclusion

Chapter 18: Against Immortality: Why Death is Better than the Alternative
1 To be or not to be—forever?
2 The finitude of being within the infinitude of time

Chapter 19: The Pinocchio Syndrome and the Prosthetic Impulse
1 The Pinocchio syndrome in Star Trek—Data
2 The prosthetic impulse in Star Trek—the Borg
3 Data vs. the Borg
4 Discussion

Chapter 20: Being Nice to Software Animals and Babies
1 Brain emulations
2 Software animal rights
3 The moral status of animals
4 The moral status of software
5 Treating emulated animals right
6 The life and death of emulations
7 Ethics of human and animal emulations
8 Volunteers and emulation rights
9 Handling of flawed and distressed versions
10 Time and communication
11 Vulnerability and self-ownership
12 The big picture

Chapter 21: What Will It Be Like To Be an Emulation?
1 Why think about ems now?
2 Life among the ems
3 The culture of ems
4 Em identity
5 Inequality
6 War
7 Clans
8 Intelligence unbound
9 Conclusion


End User License Agreement