Virtual Teacher: Cognitive Approach to e-Learning Material

Virtual Teacher: Cognitive Approach to e-Learning Material (2014) .. by Boris Abersek, etc

Table of Contents

List of Figures … x
Acknowledgements … xii

Introduction … 1

Part I Historical Landmarks

Chapter One History of Education … 6
Ancient Greece and Rome
The period of renaissance
The age of enlightenment
Large contemporary teaching currents
Future of education

Chapter Two History of Mind … 19
Influential traditional views
Contemporary philosophical positions
Schematic overview of basic theories of mind

Chapter Three History of Artificial Intelligence (AI) … 45
Historical overview
AI as science today
Symbolic computation
Intelligent agents
What seems possible and what not?

Summary … 57
Mind, Machines and Cognition

Part II Information-Processing Models of Mind

Chapter Four Cognitive Science … 60
Birth of cognitive science
Cognitive science and reverse engineering
Cognitive science and neuromorphic engineering
Cognitive science and the integrated approach
Cognitive architectures

Chapter Five The structure of a neuron and symbol manipulators … 72
Symbol Systems
Strong and weak symbol system hypothesis
Seeing minds as computers
Computational theory of mind
Empirical differences between brains and computers
Where do they lead?
The only game in town?

Chapter Six Connectionist Networks … 86
Forerunners of connectionism
Neurons again
Structuring connectionist networks
Artificial and biological networks: data processing similarities and differences
Symbols or networks?

Chapter Seven Artificial Forms of Life …. 103
Networks, robots and cognition
No representations in cognitive architectures?
Chinese room and Chinese gym
No armchair philosophy?

Summary … 112
Symbols vs. Networks: Pros and Cons

Part III Other Approaches to Human Cognition

Chapter Eight Hybrid Models … 116
History of birth
Structure of hybrid systems
How does ACT-R work?
Overview of ACT-R’s symbolic and sub-symbolic dimensions of knowledge and learning

Chapter Nine Dynamical Systems … 125
Dynamical systems theory (DST)
Structure of dynamical systems
Watt’s centrifugal governor as a dynamical system: role model for human cognition

Summary … 135
Optimism or Pessimism?

Part IV Dynamical Modelling and Mind

Chapter Ten What is System Modelling? … 138
Mathematical models and computer simulation
Dynamical modelling in neuroscience
Hodgkin-Huxley model (HH)

Chapter Eleven Dynamical Modelling of Cognitive Capacities … 149
Dynamics of motoric skills
Haken, Kelso and Bunz model (HKB)
Evaluating dynamical models of cognition
Chances of realizing artificial brain
Brain simulating models
Blue Brain Project

Summary … 165
Where Are We At?

Part V Cognitive Science and Education: New Horizons

Chapter Twelve Cybernetics, Society and Pedagogy … 168
Cybernetics and society
Cybernetic pedagogy
Mistakes in cybernetic pedagogy
Revised cybernetic pedagogy

Chapter Thirteen Intelligent Tutoring Systems in Education … 183
Education and society
Intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) or virtual teachers: what are they?
Components of ITS
E-learning material

Chapter Fourteen Virtual Teacher based on mRKP: Case Study … 197
ITS supported by STATEX expert system (ITS-SES)
Elements of ITS-SES
Using ITS-SES: optimization of gear assemblies

Summary … 219
mRKP as Hybrid Approach to e-learning Material

Part VI Implications

Chapter Fifteen Nomological Reduction … 222
Motivation: Unity of science
Nagel sets course
Fall of Nagel reduction

Chapter Sixteen Functionalist Reduction … 231
How does it work?
Mental causation: is it in the way?
Ready to accept it?

Chapter Seventeen Molecular Reduction … 248
Background: Neuroscience steps in Long term memory (LTM) as example of mind-body reduction
Multiple realization again Algorithmic Reduction

Summary … 265
Reduction of Mind

Conclusion … 267

References … 269
Index … 285