Today, natural language and its artifacts, such as books (aka corpora), are likely the best model of human thought we have available. Also today, we can see modern dialog systems using a kind of abstraction in the form of intents in order to maintain state, or coherence within natural language dialog. Chances are that knowledge representation in the human mind is in some form visual, if not holographic. I believe, there will eventually be a confluence of brain scanning technologies with state of the art artificial intelligence that will lead to as yet unforeseen breakthroughs. In the meantime, you may wish to look into some of the tools available for attempting to (visually) represent knowledge and its relations, as well as some of my own work in trying to bridge the gaps in rudimentary ways.
- – A concept map or conceptual diagram is a diagram that depicts suggested relationships between concepts.
- – A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information.
- – Topic Maps is a standard for the representation and interchange of knowledge, with an emphasis on the findability of information.
See also my Quora answers to: