Artificial Moral Agents (AMAs)


References:


Un-making artificial moral agents DG Johnson… – Ethics and information technology, 2008 – Springer Abstract Floridi and Sanders, seminal work,”On the morality of artificial agents” has  catalyzed attention around the moral status of computer systems that perform tasks for  humans, effectively acting as “artificial agents.” Floridi and Sanders argue that the class of … Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Artificial moral agents: saviors or destroyers? J Buechner – Ethics and information technology, 2010 – Springer Growing up in the late 1950’s in America, mechanical robots were part of my culture, but  certainly not of industry (unless it was the toy industry, which capitalized on the delight  young children-mostly boys-took in fictionalized hulking tons of intelligent steel). In film … Related articles – All 5 versions

EPILOGUE (RO) BOT MINDS AND HUMAN ETHICS W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … The richness of human moral decision making is underscored by the project of developing an artificial moral agent. This brief epilogue discusses how the project of designing artificial moral agents feeds back into our understanding of ourselves as moral agents and of the … 

. WHY MACHINE MORALITY? W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … trains, the “trolley cases” invented by ethicists to study moral dilemmas may represent actual challenges for artificial moral agents. Among the difficult tasks for designers of such systems is to specify what the goals should be, ie what is meant by a “good” artificial moral agent? … 

[CITATION] 4 Moral Machines: Contradiction in Terms or Abdication of Human Responsibility? C Allen… – Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social …, 2011 – MIT Press (MA)

Can robots have a conscience? P Danielson – Nature, 2009 – nature.com … 288 pp. $29.95. Artificial moral agents do not exist but are easily imagined: driverless trains that choose to turn away from a track on which five engineers are working, or autonomous armed drone aircraft that can distinguish between legitimate and unsanctioned targets. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

. DOES HUMANITY WANT COMPUTERS MAKING MORAL DECISIONS? W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … Proceed. Abstract: The chapter begins with an overview of philosophy of technology to provide a context for the specific concerns raised by the prospect of artificial moral agents. Some concerns, such as whether artificial moral …  Cited by 1 – Related articles

. ENGINEERING MORALITY W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … text. Proceed. Abstract: A framework is provided for understanding the trajectory toward increasingly sophisticated artificial moral agents, emphasizing two dimensions: autonomy and sensitivity to morally relevant facts. Systems … 

. PHILOSOPHERS, ENGINEERS, AND THE DESIGN OF AMAS W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … Proceed. Abstract: The architectures for artificial moral agents fall within two broad approaches: the top-down imposition of an ethical theory, and the bottom-up building of systems that aim at goals or standards that may or may not be specified in explicitly theoretical terms. … 

. BEYOND REASON W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … Proceed. Abstract: The top-down and bottom-up approaches to artificial moral agents emphasize the importance in ethics of the ability to reason. However, much of the recent empirical literature on moral psychology emphasizes faculties besides rationality. … 

. TOPDOWN MORALITY W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … Abstract: Implementing any top-down ethical theory of ethics in an artificial moral agent will pose both computational and practical challenges. One central concern is framing the background information necessary for rule and duty based conceptions of ethics and utilitarianism. … 

. A MORE HUMANLIKE AMA W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … Proceed. Abstract: This chapter presents a specific framework in which the rational and the supra-rational capacities needed by artificial moral agents might be combined in a single machine that has artificial general intelligence. … 

. CAN (RO) BOTS REALLY BE MORAL? W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … oriented approach is developed, which recognizes that full-blown moral agency (which depends on “strong AI”) or even AI powerful enough to pass the Turing test may be beyond current or future technology, but locates the project of developing artificial moral agents in the … 

[CITATION] Ethics of Al KB Korb – Encyclopedia of information ethics and …, 2008 – Information Science Publishing Related articles

. BEYOND VAPORWARE? W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … Proceed. Abstract: A goal of machine morality is not just to raise many questions but to provide a resource for further development of artificial moral agents. Chapter 9 surveys software that is currently under development for moral decision making by (ro)bots. … 

. BOTTOMUP AND DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES W Wallach… – Moral Machines, 2009 – ingentaconnect.com … This article is hosted on another website. You may be required to register, activate a subscription or purchase the article before you can obtain the full text. Proceed. Abstract: This chapter surveys bottom-up approaches to the development of artificial moral agents. … 

Ethics of AI [PDF] from singinst.org.auKB Korb – Encyclopedia of information ethics and security, 2008 – books.google.com … They will more likely be artificial moral agents than neutral slabs of technology. If we wish them to respect our rights, we will likely have to respect theirs first. FUTURE TRENDS If we take the possibility of creating an artificial moral agent seriously, a possible resolution of the …  Related articles – All 7 versions

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen: moral machines: teaching robots right from wrong V Wiegel – Ethics and Information Technology, 2010 – Springer … Page 2. can actually implement them? Which moral philosophies should we use in constructing artificial moral agents? Chapter Six discusses various top-down, rule-based approaches, whereas Chap. 7 discusses organic and emer- gent bottom-up approaches. …  All 4 versions

An artificial neural network approach for creating an ethical artificial agent [PDF] from commonsenseatheism.comAR Honarvar… – … Intelligence in Robotics …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … A computer system, robot, or android capable of making moral judgments would be an artificial moral agent (AMA) and the proper … discuss the philosophical roots and computational possibilities of top- down and bottom-up strategies for designing artificial moral agents (AMAs). …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 3 versions

What is it Like to Encounter an Autonomous Artificial Agent? K Weber – 2011 – papers.ssrn.com … Unfortunately, most if not all of the studies in this field did not take into account whether this acceptance includes the acceptance of the machines as artificial moral agents. The term “artificial moral agent” simply shall mean that other agents will hold this agent responsible for its …  Related articles

Towards an Ethical Sales-Agent in E-commerce AR Honarvar… – e-Education, e-Business, e- …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Keywords- Ethical sales-agent; machine ethisc; computational ethics; e-commerce, artificial moral agent. … Iva Smit, Wendell Wallach discuss the philosophical roots and computational possibilities of top-down and bottom-up strategies for designing artificial moral agents (AMAs). …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Karol Wojtyla on Artificial Moral Agency and Moral Accountability RA Spinello – The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly, 2011 – NCB Center … Floridi concedes that although artificial moral agents like robots and other computer systems can be held morally accountable, they lack full moral responsi- bility for their actions. … Hence, this program is an artificial moral agent capable of morally qualifiable action. … 

A Review of:”Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong By W. Wallach and C. Allen” Reviewed by Carol J. Williams Professor PhD, MSW, … – 2009 – Taylor & Francis … The authors propose that as robots take on more responsibility for human life and safety, they must be programmed as artificial moral agents (AMAs) to protect themselves … They introduce the term artificial moral agent (AMA) and link this to a discussion of the philosophy of ethics …  All 2 versions

Robotics as Moral Philosophy AE Singer – System Sciences (HICSS), 2011 44th Hawaii …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. Robotics as Moral Philosophy Alan E. Singer Appalachian State University Singerae@appstate.edu Abstract The relationship between philosophy and computer engineering is considered, with particular emphasis upon the design of artificial moral agents. Top-down vs. …  Related articles – All 3 versions

A challenge for machine ethics R Tonkens – Minds and Machines, 2009 – Springer … Artificial Moral Agency What is at issue in this paper is the development of Kantian artificial moral agents. Specifically, the sort … Machine Ethics. What exactly, then, is an artificial moral agent (or an ethical robot or a moral machine)? I …  Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Artificial Intelligence and Moral intelligence [PDF] from triple-c.atL Pana – tripleC-Cognition, Communication, Co-operation, 2008 – triple-c.at … The theoretical and practical difficulties in the implementation of a moral code will be analyzed in Section 4. Because of their level of complexity, their specific functionality and mainly the necessity of a degree of freedom, artificial moral agents must be conceived as individual …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 9 versions

Artificial moral agency in technoethics [PDF] from commonsenseatheism.comJP Sullins – Handbook of research on technoethics, 2008 – books.google.com … A machine such as this would be an artificial moral agent, an agent that might operate beyond the control of the … that technologies could be created that are autonomous technoethical agents, artificial agents that have moral worth and responsibilities-artificial moral agents. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] Machine Self-Sacrifice [PDF] from u-tokyo.ac.jpCJ Reynolds, A Cassinelli – Eighth International Conference of …, 2009 – k2.tu-tokyo.ac.jp … Keywords: ethics, artificial moral agents, artificial life, artificial death, self-sacrifice … It is relevant to note that the relationship between artificial moral agents and Artificial Life has already been discussed by Sullins (2005). Page 3. …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

Philosophy plugged: How robotics informs ethics AE Singer – Human Systems Management, 2010 – IOS Press … informs ethics * Alan E. Singer E-mail: singerae@appstate.edu 1. Introduction Designers of artificial moral agents (AMA’s) or eth- ical (ro-)bots will be informed by this book. However, it will also challenge moral philosophers and anyone involved in teaching ethics. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles

Robot minds and human ethics: the need for a comprehensive model of moral decision making [PDF] from commonsenseatheism.comW Wallach – Ethics and information technology, 2010 – Springer … Page 2. (ro)bots that are not fully developed artificial moral agents (AMAs), or by (ro)bots that circumvent their ethical con- straints in pursuit of their own goals? … Allen, C., Varner, G., & Zinser, J. (2000). Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent. …  Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 8 versions

RoboWarfare: can robots be more ethical than humans on the battlefield? JP Sullins – Ethics and information technology, 2010 – Springer … Or put another way: are artificial moral agents more likely to make better ethical decisions than human moral agents could have done in the same situation? Humans and the ethical conduct of war Arkin (2007), and Lin et al. …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 6 versions

of Programmed Constraints TM Powers – IEEE ROBOTICS & AUTOMATION MAGAZINE, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Wallach and Allen [20] profess an interest in the incremental steps arising from present technologies that suggest a need for ethical decision- making capabilities and explore the prospects for a bottom- up approach to building an artificial moral agent (AMA) that has many …  Related articles

Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong L Damm – 2011 – Taylor & Francis … University Press, 2008. 275 pages, ISBN: 0195374045 (hbk); $29.95. Wallach and Allen believe that soon the circle of moral agents is going to expand to include “artificial moral agents” (AMAs). This premise is briefly argued for in the …  Related articles

12 The ethics of IT-artefacts V Wiegel – The Cambridge Handbook of Information and …, 2010 – books.google.com … agents’. As this assertion escapes scienti?c assessment, they maintain that it does not bar us from creating arti?cial moral agents. … designers. Creating arti?cial moral agents that reason about morality would let designers off the hook too easily. …  All 2 versions

Software agents, anticipatory ethics, and accountability [PDF] from bgillette.comDG Johnson – The Growing Gap Between Emerging Technologies …, 2011 – Springer … The theoretical possibility of artificial moral agents is embedded in a discourse of artificial intelligence, computational modeling, and cognitive science. … These entities, according to the argument, will be artificial moral agents. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Can we Develop Artificial Agents Capable of Making Good Moral Decisions? HT Tavani – Minds and Machines, 2011 – Springer … 19-537404-9 Herman T. Tavani Ó Springer Science+Business Media BV 2011 Can an artificial moral agent (AMA) qualify as a legitimate moral agent or, for that matter, as any kind of ”agent” at all? Is an autonomous system …  Related articles – All 4 versions

[CITATION] 3 Robotics, Ethical Theory, and Metaethics: A Guide for the Perplexed K Abney – Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of …, 2011 – MIT Press (MA)

Is there an ethics of algorithms? F Kraemer, K van Overveld… – Ethics and information …, 2011 – Springer … argue that, ”we need to integrate artificial moral agents into … new technologies to manage their complexity”.3 Finally, Arkin argues that there is a need for, ”immediate investment in … machine/ robot ethics”.4 Although we do not necessarily disagree with these authors, we …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Wise machines? C Allen… – On the Horizon, 2011 – emeraldinsight.com … research the answer to an open-ended question. In our book Moral Machines (Wallach and Allen, 2009) we assessed the challenge of building artificial moral agents (AMAs). We started with the observation that hardware robots …  Related articles – All 3 versions

EthEl: Toward a principled ethical eldercare robot M Anderson… – 2008 – Citeseer … 11, Toward a general logicist methodology for engineering ethically correct robots – Bringsjord, Arkoudas, et al. – 2006. 10, Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent – Allen, Varner, et al. – 2000. 8, Extensionally Defining Principles and Cases in Ethics: an – McLaren. …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – Cached

Staring Down the Censors M Errami… – Journal of Information Ethics, 2008 – McFarland … Topics range from the digital rev- olution, cultural diversity, globalization, and information integrity to mar- ginalized knowledge and artificial moral agents. Song from Myself: An Anatomy of Self-Plagiarism Patrick M. Scanlon, Plagiary, 2, 1 (2007), 1-10 <www.plagiary.org> … 

CONSCIOUSNESS AND ETHICS: ARTIFICIALLY CONSCIOUS MORAL AGENTS W WALLACH, C ALLEN… – Int. J. Mach. Conscious., 2011 – worldscinet.com … all decisions including moral decisions. Keywords: Consciousness; ethics; moral decision making; artificial moral agents; LIDA; artificial general intelligence; moral psychology. Imperial College Press | Global Publishing | Asia …  Related articles

[PDF] On the computational complexity of action evaluations [PDF] from mit.eduCJ Reynolds – 6th International Conference of Computer Ethics: …, 2008 – media.mit.edu … Allen, C., Varner, G. and Zinser, J. (2000) Prolegomena to Any Future Artificial Moral Agent. … Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, USA. Wallach, W. (2002) Robot Morals: Creating an Artificial Moral Agent (AMA) , http://www.transhumanism.org/tv/2003usa/panelaiethics.htm …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

Ethics Engineering: Modeling of ethical systems S Al-Fedaghi – Applications of Digital Information and Web …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … To a great degree, this involves humankind, its communities, and its artifacts. In this paper we conceptually model ethical concerns that may have significant ethical implications for modeling of human ethical systems, as well as those of artificial moral agents. …  Related articles

Do computers have conscience? Implementing artificial morality W Hämäläinen – 2008 – Citeseer … 376, An Assumption-Based TMS – DeKleer – 1986. 26, Assumptions, beliefs and probabilities – Laskey, Lehner – 1989. 25, On the justification of Dempster’s rule of combination – Voorbraak – 1991. 10, Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent – Allen, Varner, et al. – 2000. …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – Cached – All 2 versions

[CITATION] 22 Roboethics: The Applied Ethics for a New Science G Veruggio… – Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social …, 2011 – MIT Press (MA)

Limits to the Autonomy of Agents M Noorman – Proceeding of the 2008 conference on Current Issues …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … 12. Allan, C., Varner, G., and Zinser, J., Prolegomena to Any Future Artificial Moral Agent. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 2000. 12: p. 251-261. 13. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 3 versions

13 Arti?cial life, arti?cial agents, virtual realities: technologies of autonomous agency C Allen – The Cambridge Handbook of Information and …, 2010 – books.google.com … 2007, Wallach and Allen 2008). With the current state of robotics and arti?cial intelligence, the suggestion that arti?cial moral agents are possible, let alone necessary, may seem far-fetched. However, assessments of the autonomy … 

“Involving Interface”: An Extended Mind Theoretical Approach to Roboethics M Anderson, H Ishiguro… – Accountability in Research, 2010 – Taylor & Francis … top-down rules and bottom-up learning, developmental and evolutionary mechanisms will be necessary in artificial moral agents that aim … in the reactive mechanisms of Sloman and Chrisley’s model CogAff, would be necessary in a sophisticated artificial moral agent (Sloman et …  Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] On the intelligence of moral agency [PDF] from ua.ptH Coelho… – … Artificial (EPIA 2009), New Trends in …, 2009 – epia2009.web.ua.pt … Allen, C., Varner, G. and Zinser, J. Prolegomena to any Future Artificial Moral Agent, Journal of Experimental Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, Volume 12, pp. … Wiegel, V. Building Blocks for Artificial Moral Agents, Working Report, Proceedings of EthicalALife06 Workshop, 2006. …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

A complete classification of ethical attitudes in multiple agent systems [PDF] from psu.eduM Cristani… – Proceedings of The 8th International Conference …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … This aspect needs to be related to the fundamental concepts in legal theories, as started to be discussed in the linguistic literature. 4. REFERENCES [1] C. Allen, G. Varner, and J. Zinser. Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent. J. Exp. Theor. Artif. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Understanding and Augmenting Human Morality: An Introduction to the ACTWith Model of Conscience J White – Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology, 2010 – Springer … Thus, the ACTWith model is intended as a guide both for individual moral development and for the development of artificial moral agents as future technology permits. Jeffrey White KAIST, South Korea e-mail: jbenjaminwhite@mail.com L. Magnani et al. …  Related articles

Moral machines: teaching robots right from wrong (harback) W WALLACH… – 2008 – lavoisier.fr … 2. Engineering Morality. 3. Do We Want Computers Making Moral Decisions. 4. Can (Ro)bots Really be Moral?. 5. Philosophers, Engineers, and the Design of Artificial Moral Agents,. 6. Top Down Morality. 7. Bottom-Up and Developmental Approaches. …  Cached – All 2 versions

Machine Ethics and the Idea of a More-Than-Human Moral World [PDF] from sussex.ac.ukS Torrance – Machine Ethics, 2011 – books.google.com … ME is often seen primarily as a practical research area involving the modeling and implementation of artificial moral agents. … Yet it will be important, they will say, to avoid treating artificial moral agents as being anything like genuine coparticipants in the human moral enterprise. …  Related articles – All 3 versions

Philosophy in the information age TW Bynum – Metaphilosophy, 2010 – Wiley Online Library … What would be the consequences of our approach for artificial moral agents? Preserving consistency between human and artificial moral agents [in Cyberspace], we are led to contemplate the following analogous steps for the …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Privacy im Social Semantic Web M Nagenborg – Social Semantic Web, 2009 – Springer … [1] den in- teressanten Vorschlag, artificial moral agents (AMAs) zum Schutz von privacy einzusetzen. … Artificial moral agents könnten also als “blob machines” entworfen werden, um den Ausdruck von Jeffrey Rosen aufzugreifen [23, 24]. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Autonomous military robotics: Risk, ethics, and design [PDF] from dtic.milP Lin – 2008 – DTIC Document Page 1. Autonomous Military Robotics: Risk, Ethics, and Design Prepared for: US Department of Navy, Office of Naval Research Prepared by: Patrick Lin, Ph.D. George Bekey, Ph.D. Keith Abney, MA Ethics + Emerging Sciences …  Cited by 19 – Related articles – Library Search – All 14 versions

Implementing moral decision making faculties in computers and robots [PDF] from commonsenseatheism.comW Wallach – AI & Society, 2008 – Springer … Allen et al. (2000) coined the phrase ”artificial moral agents” (AMAs) for … In: Smit I, Lasker G (eds) Cognitive, emotive and ethical aspects of decision making and human action, vol I. IIAS, Windsor Allen C, Varner G, Zinser J (2000) Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 5 versions

15 The foundationalist debate in computer ethics HT Tavani – The Cambridge Handbook of Information and …, 2010 – books.google.com Page 268. 15 The foundationalist debate in computer ethics Herman T. Tavani 15.1 Introduction There are issues that are more abstract and basic than the substantive issues with which most information ethics theorizing is concerned. …  All 2 versions

Floridi’s philosophy of information and information ethics: Current perspectives, future directions [PDF] from uta.eduC Ess – The Information Society, 2009 – Taylor & Francis … and Keith Miller (2008)18. Johnson, Deborah and Miller, Keith. 2008. Un-making artificial moral agents. Ethics and Information Technology , 10(2-3): 123-133. [CrossRef] View all references. Briefly, Johnson and Miller argue …  Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] Autonomous Military Robotics: Risk, Ethics, and Design [PDF] from gees.orgG Bekey… – 2008 – gees.org Page 1. Autonomous Military Robotics: Risk, Ethics, and Design Prepared for: US Department of Navy, Office of Naval Research Prepared by: Patrick Lin, Ph.D. George Bekey, Ph.D. Keith Abney, MA Ethics & Emerging Technologies …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 13 versions

Artificial agency, consciousness, and the criteria for moral agency: what properties must an artificial agent have to be a moral agent? KE Himma – Ethics and information technology, 2009 – Springer … that condition one’s moral views. If this is correct, it does not follow that we are not moral agents and should not be thought to rule out the possibility of artificial moral agents programmed by other persons. All that is being claimed …  Cited by 17 – Related articles – All 7 versions

24. Privacy im Social Semantic Web M Nagenborg – Social semantic web: web 2.0-was nun?, 2008 – books.google.com … Page 497. Michael Nagenborg 499 Data mining und autonome moralische Agenten In ihrem Aufsatz “Why machine ethics?”machen Allen etal.[1] den in- teressanten Vorschlag, artificial moral agents (AMAs) zum Schutz von privacy einzusetzen. … 

Robotrust and Legal Responsibility U Pagallo – Knowledge, Technology & Policy, 2010 – Springer … (2000) in their work on the status of artificial moral agents, we can deem robots as proper AAs in that they are interactive, autonomous and adaptable (see also Floridi and Sanders 2004). … Allen, C., Varner, G., & Zinser, J. (2000). Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 2 versions

The ethics of the information society in a globalized world L Floridi – The Cambridge Handbook of Information and …, 2010 – books.google.com Page 288. EPILOGUE The ethics of the information society in a globalized world Luciano Floridi Introduction The previous chapters have provided a detailed overview of the variety of ethical challenges posed by the development of ICTs. …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Roboethics and Telerobotic Weapons Systems [DOC] from calstate.eduJP Sullins – 2009 – sonoma-dspace.calstate.edu … agent. Note, I am not ruling out the possibility that that agent may not be human. An artificial moral agent (AMA) would suffice. It is also important to note that AMAs that can intelligently make these decisions are a long ways off. …  Related articles

On Floridi’s metaphysical foundation of information ecology [HTML] from capurro.deR Capurro – Ethics and information technology, 2008 – Springer … first” (Floridi 2006, p. 261). To think about the possibility of artificial moral agents is in my view neither a realistic nor a rational alternative at least with regard to what needs to be done and thought first. Most of the issues raised …  Cited by 8 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] Between angels and animals: The question of robot ethics, or is Kantian moral agency desirable [PDF] from psu.eduAF Beavers – The Eighteenth Annual Meeting of the Association for …, 2009 – Citeseer … Specific citations will be integrated into the paper as appropriate in subsequent drafts. Allen, C., Varner, G., & Zinser, J. (2000). Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 12, 251-261. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] Ethical approaches to robotic data gathering in academic research [PDF] from ijire.netGN Allen, DL Burk… – … Journal of Internet Research Ethics 1.1, 2008 – ijire.net … or not computers and computer programs can be said to exercise moral agency, see especially: Frances Grodzinsky, Keith Miller, and Marty J. Wolf,” The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents”; Deborah Johnson and Keith Miller,” Un-Making Artificial Moral Agents”; and Alison …  Cited by 8 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[BOOK] Handbook of research on technoethics [PDF] from fundp.ac.beR Luppicini… – 2009 – books.google.com … agency. The author explores how technoethics must consider artificial agents as artificial moral agents (AMA) that warrant moral concern. The chapter thus extends current notions of moral agency to include artificial agents. …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – Library Search – All 10 versions

Philosophy and Human Rights: Contemporary Perspectives D Reidy – Philosophical Dimensions of Human Rights, 2011 – Springer … bodies politic that are effectively and publicly organized as systems of social cooperation between and for the com- mon good of natural human persons and that are institutionally embodied in such a way as to be capable of acting as corporate or artificial moral agents – that is …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Machine morality: bottom-up and top-down approaches for modelling human moral faculties [PDF] from commonsenseatheism.comW Wallach, C Allen… – AI & Society, 2008 – Springer … A computer system, robot, or android capable of making moral judgments would be an artificial moral agent (AMA) and the proper design of such systems is perhaps the most important and challenging task facing developers of fully autonomous systems (Allen et al. 2000). …  Cited by 12 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 7 versions

[PDF] Why Turing Shouldn’t Have to Guess [PDF] from u-tokyo.ac.jpKW Miller, F Grodzinsky… – 2009 – bentham.k2.tu-tokyo.ac.jp … 14, No. 1, pp. 3758. [18] M. Brain (2008). Robotic nation. http://marshallbrain.com/roboticnation. htm. Accessed Sept. 2, 2009. [19] D. Johnson and K. Miller, (Sept. 2008), Un making artificial moral agents. Ethics and Inf. Technol. Vol. 10, No. 2, 123133. [20] JB Cobb (2009). …  Related articles – View as HTML

[BOOK] Moral machines: Teaching robots right from wrong [HTML] from nd.eduW Wallach… – 2009 – books.google.com … Because we elected to focus on the technological aspects of developing artificial moral agents, this may not be the book she would have written. Nevertheless, we hope to have conveyed some of her sense of the dangers of ethically blind systems. …  Cited by 79 – Related articles – Library Search – All 9 versions

A conceptual and computational model of moral decision making in human and artificial agents [PDF] from commonsenseatheism.comW Wallach, S Franklin… – Topics in Cognitive Science, 2010 – Wiley Online Library … However, the bottom-up development of moral agents is limited given present-day technologies, but breakthroughs in computer learning or Alife, for example, might well enhance the usefulness of these platforms for developing artificial moral agents (AMAs; Wallach & Allen …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 8 versions

Moral minds as multiple-layer organizations [PDF] from iie.org.mxH Coelho, A da Rocha Costa… – Advances in Artificial Intelligence …, 2010 – Springer … algorithms. Management Science 28, 1-16 (1983) Minsky, M.: The Emotion Machine. Simon & Schuster, New York (2006) Wiegel, V.: Building Blocks for Artificial Moral Agents. In: Proceedings of Ethical A Life 2006 Workshop (2006)  Related articles – All 4 versions

Developing a general, interactive approach to codifying ethical principles M Anderson… – … of AAAI Workshop Human Implications of …, 2008 – aaai.org … References Allen, C., Varner, G. and Zinser, J. 2000. Prolegomena to Any Future Artificial Moral Agent. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12, pp. 251-61. Anderson, M., Anderson, S. & Armen, C. 2006a. MedEthEx: A Prototype Medical Ethics Advisor. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

From Robots to Techno Sapiens: Ethics, Law and Public Policy in the Development of Robotics and Neurotechnologies W Wallach – Law, Innovation and Technology, 2011 – ingentaconnect.com … Initially, (ro)bots capable of making moral decisions will function within contexts where their freedom of action is limited. However, as autonomy increases (ro)bots may eventually evolve into artificial moral agents (AMAs). But … 

[PDF] Moral machines and the threat of ethical nihilism [PDF] from evansville.eduA Beavers – Robot ethics: The ethical and social implication …, 2011 – faculty.evansville.edu … this paper. Allen, C., Varner G., & Zinser, J. 2000. “Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent.” Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 12: 251-261. Anderson, M., & Anderson, S. 2007. “Machine ethics …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML

Sometimes it’s hard to be a robot: A call for action on the ethics of abusing artificial agents [PDF] from potsdam.eduB Whitby – Interacting with Computers, 2008 – Elsevier … References. Allen et al., 2000 C. Allen, G. Varner and J. Zinser, Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent, Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (2000), pp. 251-261. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (19). …  Cited by 14 – Related articles – All 7 versions

1.3. 4 Ethics and Technology: A Program for Future Research [PDF] from umich.eduDG JOHNSON… – Society, Ethics, and Technology, 2011 – books.google.com Page 154. 1.3. 4 Ethics and Technology: A Program for Future Research DEBORAH G. JOHNSON AND THOMAS M. POWERS The nineteenth-century essayist Thomas Carlyle declared that “man is a Tool-using ani- mal…. …  Related articles – All 8 versions

14 Ethical implications of intelligent GA Bekey, P Lin… – Neuromorphic and Brain-Based …, 2011 – books.google.com … solutions is beyond the scope of this chapter. Many details of the ethical programming of robots as artificial moral agents have been discussed at length by Wallach and Allen (2008). In general, engineers are very good at building …  Related articles

[PDF] Fundamental issues in affective intelligent social machines [PDF] from benthamscience.comBR Duffy – The Open Artificial Intelligence Journal, 2008 – benthamscience.com … can be further decomposed into artificial systems developed to act as pure ethical reasoners, required to solve our ethical dilemmas (a computationally intractable problem), and artificial agents which incorporate ethical capabilities as exemplified in Artificial Moral Agents [67]. …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Combining moral theory, modal logic and MAS to create well-behaving artificial agents [PDF] from commonsenseatheism.comV Wiegel… – International Journal of Social Robotics, 2009 – Springer Page 1. Int J Soc Robot (2009) 1: 233-242 DOI 10.1007/s12369-009-0023-5 ORIGINAL PAPER Combining Moral Theory, Modal Logic and Mas to Create Well-Behaving Artificial Agents Vincent Wiegel · Jan van den Berg Accepted …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 5 versions

[PDF] The Ethics and Legal Implications of Military Unmanned Vehicles [PDF] from rusi.orgE Quintana – Occasional Paper for the British Computer Society ( …, 2008 – rusi.org Page 1. Occasional Paper The Ethics and Legal Implications of Military Unmanned Vehicles By Elizabeth Quintana, Head of Military Technology & Information Studies Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies Page 2. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

The Democratic Peace is Not Democratic: On Behalf of Rawls’ Decent Societies W Riker – Political Studies, 2009 – Wiley Online Library … little careful, detailed argument for his substantive conclusions; (2) he is wrong to insist on framing the problem of international relations first as a problem between states or state-like political bodies that can constitute themselves as corporate artificial moral agents, rather than …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Ethical healthcare agents M Anderson… – Advanced Computational Intelligence …, 2008 – Springer Page 1. 10 Ethical Healthcare Agents Michael Anderson1 and Susan Leigh Anderson2 1 Department of Computer Science, University of Hartford 200 Bloomfield Avenue, West Hartford, CT 06776 anderson@hartford.edu 2 Department …  Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Robot Ethics: A Scientific Exploration of Military Artificial Intelligent Systems [PDF] from shef.ac.ukF Camutari – 2011 – dcs.shef.ac.uk Page 1. i Robot Ethics: A Scientific Exploration of Military Artificial Intelligent Systems By Fernando Camutari A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER …  View as HTML

Legal considerations for the weaponisation of Unmanned Ground Vehicles A Finn – International Journal of Intelligent Defence Support …, 2008 – Inderscience Page 1. Int. J. Intelligent Defence Support Systems, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2008 43 Copyright (c) 2008 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Legal considerations for the weaponisation of Unmanned Ground Vehicles Anthony Finn Department …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 8 versions

On the Operationality of Moral-Sense Decision Making [PDF] from furg.brH Coelho, P Trigo… – Social Simulation (BWSS), …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … [12] Green, J. and Haidt, J. “How (and Where) does Moral Judgment Work?”, in Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Academic Press, vol. 6, issue 12, December 2002. [13] Wiegel, V. “Building Blocks for Artificial Moral Agents”, Proceedings of EthicalALife06 Workshop, 2006. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[BOOK] Springer handbook of robotics [PDF] from unina.itB Siciliano… – 2008 – books.google.com Page 1. Robotics Siciliano Khatib Editors & Springer Page 2. Springer Handbook of Robotics Page 3. Springer Handbooks provide a concise compilation of approved key information on methods of research, general principles …  Cited by 265 – Related articles – Library Search – All 8 versions

Computing machinery and morality B Whitby – AI & Society, 2008 – Springer … At present we are simply proceeding blindly. References Allen C, Varner G, Zinser J (2000) Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent. J Exp Theor Artif Intell 12:251-261 Bostrom N (2003) Ethical issues in advanced artificial intelligence. …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 3 versions

Towards an ethical analysis of the W3C Web services architecture model [PDF] from up.ac.zaVP Gangadharan… – Information Security for South …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. Towards an Ethical Analysis of the W3C Web Services Architecture Model Valiya P Gangadharan School of Computing University of South Africa Pretoria, South Africa and Molepolole, Botswana gangadhar@botsnet.bw …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Robots as Weapons in Just Wars M Schulzke – Philosophy & Technology, 2011 – Springer … References Allen, C., Vamer, G., & Zinser, J. (2000). Prolegomena to any future artificial moral agent. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 12, 251-261. Alonso, R. (2003). The IRA and armed struggle. New York: Routledge. Arkin, RC (2009). …  Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Designing People to Serve [PDF] from stevepetersen.netS Petersen – 2010 – stevepetersen.net … Ronald Arkin and Mark Walker have also pressed versions of this objection in personal correspondence. 3Since it might be possible to be a moral agent without being a person, I prefer not to use the broader term ‘AMA’ (artificial moral agent) from Wallach and Allen (2008). …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Robots of Just War: A Legal Perspective U Pagallo – Philosophy & Technology, 2011 – Springer Page 1. SPECIAL ISSUE Robots of Just War: A Legal Perspective Ugo Pagallo Received: 13 December 2010 /Accepted: 14 April 2011 (c) Springer-Verlag 2011 Abstract In order to present a hopefully comprehensive framework …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Legal Issues for UVS A Finn… – Developments and Challenges for Autonomous …, 2010 – Springer Page 1. A. Finn and S. Scheding: Develop., Challenge. for Autonom. Unmann. Vehicles, ISRL 3, pp. 155-207. springerlink.com (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010 Chapter 6 Legal Issues for UVS Many of the advances …