Metaphor & Dreams


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Metaphor & CognitionMetaphor & Dreams in AI & Robots


Do Metaphors Dream of Literal Sleep?
SY Chu – 2010 – books.google.com
In culture and scholarship, science-fictional worlds are perceived as unrealistic and altogether imaginary. Seo-Young Chu offers a bold challenge to this perception of the genre, arguing instead that science fiction is a form of “high-intensity realism” capable of …

Bilateral eye movements, attentional flexibility and metaphor comprehension: the substrate of REM dreaming?
D Kuiken, M Chudleigh, D Racher – Dreaming, 2010 – psycnet.apa.org
Explanations for the effects of the rapid eye movements induced during Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR; Shapiro, 2001) have drawn upon an analogy with the eye movements of REM sleep (Kuiken, Bears, Miall, and Smith, 2002). An extension of that …

Metaphor and hyperassociativity: the imagination mechanisms behind emotion assimilation in sleep and dreaming
JE Malinowski, CL Horton – Frontiers in psychology, 2015 – frontiersin.org
In this paper we propose an emotion assimilation function of sleep and dreaming. We offer explanations both for the mechanisms by which waking-life memories are initially selected for processing during sleep, and for the mechanisms by which those memories are …

Pepper spray cop and the American dream: Using synecdoche and metaphor to unlock internet memes’ visual political rhetoric
HE Huntington – Communication Studies, 2016 – Taylor & Francis
Social media are increasingly important in protest movements for communication and organization. As such, scholars should consider these ephemeral messages as a tool for understanding such movements’ rhetoric. This article draws on Kjeldsen’s method for the …

Reframing the American dream: Conceptual metaphor and personal pronouns in the 2008 US presidential debates
MS Boyd – Piotr Cap & Urszula Okulska (eds.), 2013 – books.google.com
Lakoff (2002) maintains that US political divisions are shaped by competing interpretations of the NATION As FAMILY conceptual metaphor, which create fundamentally different moral models for conservative and liberal politicians to articulate their values and worldviews …

Being’Decentered in Sandman: History, Dreams, Gender, and the’Prince of Metaphor and Allusion’
R Sharkey – ImageTexT: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies, 2008 – english.ufl.edu
I am also aware that we are not yet able to make a survey of the whole of the new acquisitions which these studies have brought to psychology. I will only point out the fresh proofs they have provided of the existence of unconscious mental acts and what an …

Bearing the unbearable: ancestral transmission through dreams and moving metaphors in the analtyic field
J Pickering – Journal of Analytical Psychology, 2012 – Wiley Online Library
This paper explores how untold and unresolved intergenerational trauma may be transmitted through unconscious channels of communication, manifesting in the dreams of descendants. Unwitting carriers for that which was too horrific for their ancestors to bear …

Concreteness, dreams, and metaphor: Their import in a somatizing patient
EA Kohutis – Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis …, 2008 – Guilford Press
One of the most challenging types of patients that psychoanalysts encounter in clinical practice are those who are concrete and who also suffer from somatic or somatoform disorders. These patients come for treatment, appear motivated to change, yet they do not …

Metaphors in dreams: Where cognitive linguistics meets psychoanalysis
M Bologensi, R Bichisecchi – Language and Psychoanalysis, 2014 – academia.edu
This article approaches the study of metaphors in dreams from an interdisciplinary perspective, which aims at bringing together the psychoanalytic tradition, and the main views that constitute what is commonly known as the contemporary cognitive theory of …

Can Dreams Within Dreams Serve as Metaphor for Modern Life Itself?: Commentary on Paper by Hilary Hoge
P Lippmann – Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 2008 – Taylor & Francis
The social nature of dreaming is discussed. Those few remembered and shared dreams (out of the totality of experienced and soon-forgotten dreams) are eventually shaped by the particular culture that reads into dreams its own way of viewing private psychological …

Conceptual Metaphors in” I Have a Dream
??? ?? – ????, 2011 – cnki.com.cn
Metaphors can serve as cognitive instruments. In the process of conceptualization, metaphors would reflex the way people think and affect the way they perceive things. Conceptual metaphors are often used to help layman understand abstract and complex …

Dream Between Symptom And Metaphor-Forms Of Symbolization
G Micu – … Journal of Psychoanalysis/Revue Roumain de …, 2014 – search.ebscohost.com
L’interprétation du rêve, Sigmund Freud considérait que le symbole avait une valeur universelle et E. Jones y ajoutait par la suite, en 1919, la distinction entre le symbole conscient et le symbole inconscient. Révélant des désirs inconscients, des angoisses …

Disillusionment of dream——The appreciation and analysis of metaphors in Araby [J]
W Haixia – Journal of Henan Institute of Science and Technology, 2010 – en.cnki.com.cn
Arabyis the third story in Dubliners by James Joyce, being his early works. In the fiction, the use of metaphor prevails in the story. This paper is an attempt to analyze some main metaphors in the story, such as” the blind street”,” priest”,” Araby” and” Chalice” to find out its …

Shared metaphors, shared dreams
K Choden – Bhutan: Ways of Knowing, 2008 – books.google.com
All we find is a total lack of literary voices when trying to trace the history of women writers in Bhutan. In fact, there is no history of Bhutanese women writers at all. This was natural in a society where literacy was limited to certain groups of people, mainly the male clergy and a …

Waking up from the American dream: Beyond metaphors.
LH Meyer – 2009 – psycnet.apa.org
Reviews the book, Stop high-stakes testing: An appeal to America’s conscience by Dale D. Johnson, Bonnie Johnson, Stephen J. Farenga, and Daniel Ness (see record 2007-14356-000). According to the reviewer, the authors build a case of moral outrage focused on events …

Contemporary psychoanalytic field theory: Stories, dreams, and metaphor
SM Katz – 2016 – taylorfrancis.com
Contemporary Psychoanalytic Field Theory articulates the theory, heuristic principles, and clinical techniques of psychoanalytic field theory. S. Montana Katz describes the historical, philosophical, and clinical contexts for the development of field theory in South America …

Dream Interpretation and the Organic Metaphor of the State in John of Salisbury’s Policraticus
D Swinford – Journal of Medieval Religious Cultures, 2012 – JSTOR
In the history of political thought, John of Salisbury’s Policraticus has been claimed as an important source for the idea of the organic metaphor of the state. In explaining the significance of this idea, commentators and translators tend to focus on its inclusion in the …

Caravan of Dreams: Metaphors in Intercultural Communications
SK Roney – ksaalt-tesol.org
Nations and cultures are held together not by common language, history, or beliefs, but by shared metaphors. Know the metaphor, and you understand the culture at a fundamental level. Know it not, and misunderstandings and “culture shock” occur. The ruling metaphor for …

Text And Image: From Metaphor To Dream Concettina Manna And Giuliano Minichiello
FMTO DREAM – Engaging Imagination and Developing Creativity …, 2009 – books.google.com
Between text and image there is an obvious difference: the text presents certain meanings, and the image presents shapes. They are two forms of representation of objects that can also be distinguished structurally: the text is discursive and almost always linear in structure …

The Archetypical Metaphor of Life as Dream and Its Literary Interpretations
D ?io?yt? – Literat?ra – journals.vu.lt
In the context of Western culture, the archetypical metaphor of life as a dream (or living in a dream) is firstly seen in the Bible as in “the grammar of literary archetypes”(Northrop Frye). It means the fragility of human life, the spiritual drowse or, on the contrary, the spiritual …

Waking Up From the American Dream: Beyond Metaphors
DD Johnson, B Johnson, SJ Farenga, D Ness – researchgate.net
Public schools in America are struggling with a failing national commitment, impossible expectations, and inadequate funding. Education was once regarded as the landscape for the American dream, the wildly optimistic and idealistic view that if only one tries hard …

Do Metaphors Dream of Literal Sheep? A Science-Fictional Theory of Representation
R Latham – Extrapolation., 2012 – search.proquest.com
Claiming that”[figurative language occupies a central place in science fiction”(io), she shows how a number of key themes of the genre may profitably be viewed as literalizations of lyric figures (for example, the poetic device of apostrophe concretized as telepathic …

Pictorial Metonymies and Metaphors of ANGER in the Chinese Comics Dream Catcher [J]
C LAN, J LIU – Foreign Language and Literature, 2014 – en.cnki.com.cn
This is a cognitive linguistic study of the pictorial ANGER metonymies and metaphors and the cognitive model of ANGER in the comics Dream Catcher by the Chinese cartoonist Yao Feila. It is found that:(1) Eyebrows, eyes, mouths and arm/hand positions are frequently used …

Understanding is a Dream: Linguistics, Language Philosophy, and Metaphor
K O’Shields – Prose (in honor of the Dickens Bicentennial) – english.su.se
Linguistically, the metaphor is a fascinating device. It is non-literal, yet its meaning is clear. It is false, yet it often rings perfectly true. It is often a simple statement, but it has the ability to call many associations to mind. This paper attempts to give an overview of interpretive …

Well-Being, More Than a Dream: Women Constructing Metaphors of Strength
A Barnard – Frontiers in psychology, 2018 – frontiersin.org
Research on gender inequalities in well-being, attribute lower levels of wellness in women to the burden of multiple role demands, particularly during midlife. Using quantitative measures of subjective well-being, such studies tend to narrow the concept of well-being …

Melodic Metaphors for Dreams in Three Classic Songs from the Disney Catalog
J Bohn – Bridgewater Review, 2015 – vc.bridgew.edu
Three of the most-valued songs from the Disney catalog are “Some Day My Prince Will Come,”“When You Wish Upon a Star,” and “A Dream is a Wish Your Heart Makes.” All three songs come from animated feature films created during Walt Disney’s lifetime (1901-1966) …

Chaucer from Prentice to Poet: The Metaphors of Love in Dream Visions and” Troilus and Criseyde.”
B Windeatt – Studies in the Age of Chaucer, 2009 – muse.jhu.edu
The ”Prentice”of Edward Condren’s study is largely the Chaucer of The Book of the Duchess, but more radically than in the usual interpretation. For Condren, the Man in Black cannot be John of Gaunt, and nor was the deceased lady of the poem originally Blanche, Duchess of …

Dreams As Metaphors In Movement
AM Liberty – academia.edu
The Dreams have captivated human beings since ancient times but the first systematic attempt to study them was due to Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis dominated the dream theory until new evidence from neurosciences and psychology not only challenged Freuds …

Metaphor and Cognition in A Midsummer Night’s Dream: A Study on the Use of Heuristic Rhetoric in Shakespeare’s Dramatic Language
A Tamaru – 2014 – 133.65.151.33
This essay reconsiders the role of rhetoric in Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream from a linguistic point of view. By adopting the cognitive linguists’ view that rhetoric reflects our cognition, I argue that there is a strong correlation between each character’s cognitive …

The Conceptual Metaphor Theory and the Application of Barcelona Sanchez’s Typical Model of Romantic Love to Dream in Peony Pavilion
C Wang – 2010 – era.lib.ed.ac.uk
This thesis is a report on the application of Barcelona Sanchez’s typical model of romantic love to the Chinese literary work Dream in Peony Pavilion. In this play, the main theme is about love between two young people who are not supposed to have love desire freely …

Do Metaphors Dream of Literal Sleep? A Science-Fictional Theory of Representation
SG Collins – 2012 – JSTOR
The eyes themselves were watery, a little bloodshot, with pale blue irises. Nothing was odd about them in the end except the tears pouring in a silvery stream from their inner corners. There were too many of them for Tate’s grief. Every tear was made up of exactly similar tears …

Chaucer from Prentice to Poet: The Metaphor of Love in Dream Visions and’Troilus and Criseyde’
AVC Schmidt – 2010 – JSTOR
326 Medium JEvum lxxix. 2 the men and women he creates’ and ?tw love and the creation of poetry'(p. 2) in convince. One is grateful to see work on of The Book of the Duchess and The Ho meaning. For instance, Condren sees t not John of Gaunt but the young writ Man in …

Metaphor of the Name of Lin Hongyu in A Dream of Red Mansions
Z Zhi – Journal of Eastern Liaoning University (Social …, 2011 – en.cnki.com.cn
By the character of” ? (jade)” in Lin Hongyu’s name, she is another” jade” besides Baoyu, Daiyu and Miaoyu in A Dream of Red Mansions. As the other images who have character” ?” in their names, she is clean and unsullied, honest, intelligent and loyal. She is an image …

The Archetypical Metaphor of Life as Dream and Its Literary Interpretations
D ?io?yt? – Literatura, 2008 – ingentaconnect.com
In the context of Western culture, the archetypical metaphor of life as a dream (or living in a dream) is firstly seen in the Bible as in “the grammar of literary archetypes”(Northrop Frye). It means the fragility of human life, the spiritual drowse or, on the contrary, the spiritual …

Neural Metaphor and Dreams
G Lakoff – 2012 – cloudfront.escholarship.org
In the three decades since the discovery that ordinary thought is largely metaphorical, metaphor researchers have come to understand that, like all other concepts, conceptual metaphors are physical circuits in the brain.“Primary metaphors” are acquired by the …

Linebaugh: metaphors, rebellion, and socialist dreaming
R Cahill – 2016 – ro.uow.edu.au
Writing in 1896, not long before his death, indefatigable socialist thought-maker and dreamer William Morris wrote that May Day is “above all days of the year fitting for the protest of the disinherited against the system of robbery that shuts the door betwixt them and a …

Dreams of Glory: the Sources of Apocalyptic Terror. By Richard K. Fenn, Roots of Religious Violence: a Critique of Ethnic Metaphors. By Ignatius Jesudasan and …
A Egan – The Heythrop Journal, 2010 – Wiley Online Library
Three authors, two disciplines, two continents, one theme: how to overcome the religious roots of violence. From a theologian at Princeton, a scholar-activist in India and a philosopher in Georgia, USA, come three provocative studies that show convergence and …

The dream and the memory–Proustian metaphors of the imaginary world
E Prus – Bulletin of Integrative Psychiatry, 2015 – go.galegroup.com
As any great writer, Proust leans upon tradition, which he denies when his own originality comes to be manifested. From Balzac, Proust takes over the imagination upon which he builds up his intricate world, considering, nevertheless, that the shortcoming of the Balzacian …

Chaucer from Prentice to Poet: The Metaphor of Love in Dream Visions and Troilus and Criseyde
WA Quinn – Arthuriana, 2009 – muse.jhu.edu
The title-indicated thesis that conjoins Condren’s chapters seems conventional enough:’we cannot seesubtle movement in Chaucer’s maturation. Yet we are conscious it has occurred… All these before-and-after comparisons give evidence of Chaucer’s progress as …

Chaucer from Prentice to Poet: The Metaphor of Love in Dream Visions and Troilus and Criseyde
M Foster – 2010 – JSTOR
This review must begin with a disclaimer: in 1998, I attended Edward I. Condren’s seminar on the Pearl poet at UCLA, where he presented the numerological theory that became the foundation of his monograph published in 2002, The Numerical Universe of the …

… we co-opt in our dreams (Freud noted) to represent the dream thoughts to be expressed ([1900] 1953). But some of the images we use in our dreams are shared with …
WH KRACKE – Dreaming and the Self: New Perspectives on …, 2012 – books.google.com
Culture provides more: not just vocabularies of dreaming, but syntax and grammar, even perhaps pragmatics of dreaming: Do we dream alone or do we share dreams with another, communicating directly soul-to-soul in a dream? The way a dream is constituted may be …

Edward I. Condren, Chaucer from Prentice to Poet: The Metaphor of Love in Dream Visions and “Troilus and Criseyde.” Gainesville, Fla.: University Press of Florida …
K McKinley – 2010 – philpapers.org
Edward I. Condren, The Numerical Universe of the “Gawain-Pearl” Poet: Beyond “Phi.” Gainesville, Fla.: University Press of Florida, 2002. Pp. X, 206; Black-and-White Figures, Tables, and 4 Black-and-White Plates. $55. [REVIEW]Chauncey Wood – 2005 – Speculum 80 …

The Function and Expressions of Metaphor in” A Dream of Red Mansions
Z Xiang-na – Theory Research, 2011 – en.cnki.com.cn
Metaphor, as a kind of expression, the traditional rhetoric, see it as a vivid language and life like rhetoric. Metaphor is not only has, however, concise and vivid language functions, but also has special functions. Shu Dingfang assorts the functions of the metaphor into rhetorical …

Metaphor and Metonymy in Ancient Dream Interpretation: The Case of Islamic-Iranian Culture
RV Hasar – Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics, 2017 – degruyter.com
This paper aims to investigate the relevance of metaphor and metonymy to ancient dream interpretation in Islamic-Iranian culture. To this end, a most-referenced book of dream interpretation is analysed according to the conceptual metaphor theory. The results show …

A Semantic Analysis Of Metaphors Found In “Dream Theatre’s” Selected Lyrics
AL Hakim – A Semantic Analysis Of Metaphors Found In “Dream … – academia.edu
Skripsi yang berjudul ‘A Semantic Analysis of Metaphors Found in Dream Theatre’s Selected Lyrics’ ini membahas tentang metafora yang ada pada liriklirik lagu Dream Theatre. Dalam penulisan skripsi ini, penulis menerapkan studi kepustakaan yaitu dengan mengumpulkan …

Chaucer from Prentice to Poet: The Metaphor of Love in Dream Visions and” Troilus and Criseyde”
K McKinley – 2010 – JSTOR
Edward Condren’s latest book, like his 2002 study, The Numerical Universe of the” Gawain-Pearl” Poet: Beyond” Phi,” grounds some of its central arguments in the analysis of mathematical structures underlying the verse. Here Condren turns to the dream visions and …

An Analysis of Discourse Function of Metaphor in I Have a Dream
L Yanchun – Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (Social …, 2010 – en.cnki.com.cn
I Have a Dream is a world-famous speech and the application of metaphor is one of keys to its success. As a textual strategy, metaphor contributes much to the construction of discourse. As a result of ana-logical transfer, metaphor extends at discourse level through …

Metaphors as a rhetorical figure in Martin Luther King Jr.’s I Have a Dream
T Tanto – International Journal of Humanities and Social …, 2016 – ijhss.net
In the case of speeches, a writer’s style of writing or speaking is worth analyzing, especially when this style can serve as a powerful tool to convey the writer’s message as well as to attract the readers or listeners’ attention in keeping on reading or listening and appreciating …

A Tentative Study of Metaphors in the Translation of A Dream of Red Mansions from Pragmatic Perspective
??? – ????, 2013 – cqvip.com
… A Tentative Study of Metaphors in the Translation of A Dream of Red Mansions from Pragmatic Perspective. ??????2013? ?8X? | ??? Tianjin College University of Science and Technology Beijing ???? ? ?? | ??. ?1?; ?2?. ???? ????. ? ??This paper …

Metaphors Related to the Hexagrams and Images Used in the Dream of the Red Mansion
GUO Guang-hong – Studies of Zhouyi, 2010 – en.cnki.com.cn
Many hexagrams and images were used in the Dream of the Red Mansion to provide metaphors. Many plots and details concerning LIN Dai-yu conceal the Hexagram Jing (Well,49# in the Version of the Zhouyi); The Dharma name of Miao yu hints the meanings of the …

Always Dreaming: Gaining Insights from the Metaphors of our Sleeping and Waking Lives
DL Rivinus – 2015 – books.google.com
Always Dreaming Gaining Insights from the Metaphors of our Sleepingand Waking Lives David L. Rivinus … Table of Contents TitlePage ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS INTRODUCTION NOTES TO THE READER PART ONE: THE INCIDENT 1 2 3 4 5 6 PART TWO: IT’S NOT WHAT IT SEEMS …

The Function of Poetic Metaphor: Taking the Poetic Metaphors Expressing Characters’ Emotions in A Dream of Red Mansions as Examples 1
J Han – Quarterly Journal of Chinese Studies, 2017 – search.proquest.com
This paper mainly explores the function of poetic metaphor from the cognitive perspective, taking the poetic metaphors expressing characters’ emotions in A Dream of Red Mansions as examples. It can be seen from this paper that the function of cognition is the primary …

Not just a pretty metaphor: The ego’s experience of dreaming
D Jenkins – academia.edu
When someone tells a dream, there are two “I” s involved. In addition to the “I” who tells the dream, there is the “I” who experienced the dream. They are similar but not identical. With the notable exceptions of Krakow’s Imagery Rehearsal Technique (IRT), which alleviates …

Words, Images, Dreams and Metaphors: The Analyst’s Embodied Imagination in the Service of Therapeutic Engagement
E Seward – Psychoanalysis, Self and Context, 2018 – Taylor & Francis
In this article, I provide clinical vignettes to illustrate the use of the analyst’s visual imagery, bodily sensations, unconscious reverie, altered experience of the patient, and dreams. All of these nonverbal aspects of the analyst’s experience can serve to deepen the analytic …

The Language of Metaphor in Dreams
DR Kerr – 2014 – dianerobinsonkerr.com
I am walking along a road when I see a woman. She is round with a striped dress and a strange hat. She is stuck in a large wire basket and cannot get out. Her legs are folded under her and are not visible. Everyone passes her by and ignores her cries for help. I observe two …

This Dream of arctic rest: memory, metaphor and mental illness in Jenny Diski’s Skating to Antarctica
W Gray – 2009 – diva-portal.org
ABSTRACT Jenny Diski’s Skating to Antarctica, an autobiographical text published in 1997, engages with Antarctica not only as a literal place, but also as a location of the mind. Her imaginative response to what has traditionally been perceived as an inhuman landscape …

Mimesis, Metaphors, Models, and Feet in American Dreams
J Mageo – Ethos, 2018 – Wiley Online Library
Dreamers copy images from memories, I ague in this article, to serve as metaphors for problems with a cultural model, but they change remembered images to comment on these problems. What this means is that dreaming is mimetic in nature. I define mimesis as …

A Study on the Culture Salience of Multimodal Metaphors in” Chinese Dream” Series of Public Service Advertisements
ZOU Jun-fei – Journal of Shaoguan University, 2017 – en.cnki.com.cn
The source domain and target domain in multimodal metaphors can be presented by different modals. The mapping between different domains is influenced not only by cognitive embodiments, but also by culture. The paper studies the multimodal metaphors in 58″ …

Philo of Alexandria’s Use of Sleep and Dreaming as Epistemological Metaphors in Relation to Joseph
MJ Reddoch – The International Journal of the …, 2011 – booksandjournals.brillonline.com
Dreams are used figuratively throughout Greek literature to refer to something fleeting and/or unreal. In Plato, this metaphorical language is specifically used to describe an epistemological distinction: the one who has false knowledge or opinion is said to be …

Metaphors and the Reclamation of Blackness in Derek Walcott’s” Dream on Monkey Mountain”
S Crossley – Journal of Caribbean Literatures, 2011 – JSTOR
Dream on Monkey Mountain is designed to be sequenced as one might imagine a dream to be sequenced; it is illogical, contradictory, and does not follow typical aspects of spatial and temporal awareness. In order to overcome the loss of reality that a reader might feel when …

Speaking absences: metaphors, memories and dreams in Venero Armanno’s The Volcano
G MESSINA – academia.edu
After dealing with the ‘spectral’metaphorical relationship between tenor and vehicle, this paper answers the question whether the marginalised subject has the power to speak out and, if so, through what strategies. Having first established the counter-discursive nature of …

MLK: Human Rights & Dreams & Metaphors or Justice as a Verb
RM Brown, W Akin – Val. UL Rev., 2016 – HeinOnline
For today’s conversation, we want to emphasize three truths. First, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is a human symbol of an attempt by one wing of the mid-twentieth century civil rights movement to adapt the American dream to embrace blacks. This anticipated adaptation was …

On Cognition of Metaphors in Butterfly Dreaming
L Dong-mei – Journal of Lianyungang Technical College, 2010 – en.cnki.com.cn
Many images appear in Butterfly Dreaming, some of which were repeated, having a deep metaphorical meaning. Heather and the Garden appeared many times and intertwined with Rebecca’s life, revealing a splendid and destructive process. Meanwhile, Rebecca’s life and …

Traumatic dreams: lacanian love, Kubrick’s Eyes Wide Shut, and the Ancient Greek Novel, or, gliding in phantasmagoric chains of metonymy
A Bierl – 2012 – academia.edu
Anton Bierl University of Basel I. Introduction During Greg Nagy’s last visit to Basel, we had an intense discussion about adolescence and the work of psychologist Carol Gilligan, who has made great strides toward giving a voice to young women. 1 On this occasion I realized …

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