MetaBank (Metaphor Databank)


See also:

James H. Martin (2010)


METABANK: A KNOWLEDGE-BASE OF METAPHORIC LANGUAGE CONVENTIONS [PS] from colorado.edu JH Martin – Computational Intelligence, 1994 – Wiley Online Library The frequent and conventional use of nonliteral language has been a major stumbling block  for natural language processing systems since the early machine translation efforts.  Metaphor, metonymy, and indirect speech acts are among the most troublesome … Cited by 52 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 7 versions

CorMet: a computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system [PDF] from upenn.edu ZJ Mason – Computational Linguistics, 2004 – dl.acm.org … If the po- larity is near zero, there is not much structure flow and no evidence for a metaphoric mapping. In some cases a difference in selectional preferences between domains does not indicate the presence of a metaphor. To take a fictitious but illustrative example, say Page 7. … Cited by 84 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 27 versions

[CITATION] Introduction of metaphor corpus XJ Zhang… – Jisuanji Yingyong Yanjiu, 2008 – Sichuan Research Center of …

Metaphor processing for learning terminology on the Web S Trausan-Matu – Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and …, 2000 – Springer … Metaphor Processing for Learning Terminology on the Web 241 6. Lakoff,G., Johnson, M., Metaphors We Live by, The University of Chicago Press, 1980. … Atos, 1997 (in Romanian). 8. Martin, JH, MetaBank: A Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Conven- tions … Cited by 6 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

Understanding open-ended usages of familiar conceptual metaphors: An approach and artificial intelligence system JA Barnden… – 2001 – Citeseer … 8, Reasoning about mixed metaphors with an implemented AI system – Lee, Barnden – 2001. 7, MetaBank: a Knowledge-Base of metaphoric language conventions – Martin – 1994. 7, A microfeature based approach towards metaphor interpretation – Sun – 1995. … Cited by 29 – Related articles – Cached – BL Direct – All 3 versions

[PDF] Lexical databases as resources for linguistic creativity: Focus on metaphor [PDF] from psu.edu B Lönneker – Proceedings of the LREC 2004 Workshop on …, 2004 – Citeseer … from the Hamburg Metaphor Database. In Proceedings of the ACL 2003 Workshop on the Lexicon and Figurative Language. Martin, JH, 1992. Computer understanding of con- ventional metaphoric language. Cognitive Science, 16 (2): 233-270. Martin, JH, 1994. MetaBank: A … Cited by 9 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] The Italian Metaphor Database [PDF] from lrec-conf.org A Alonge – Proceedings of the fifth international conference on …, 2006 – lrec-conf.org … 9-16. Martin, JH (1994). MetaBank: a Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. Computational Intelligence, 10 (2), pp. 134-149. Narayanan, S. (1997). Knowledge-based Action Representations for Metaphor and Aspect (KARMA). … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

An implemented context system that combines belief reasoning, metaphor-based reasoning and uncertainty handling [PDF] from psu.edu J Barnden… – Modeling and Using Context, 1999 – Springer An Implemented Context System that Combines Belief Reasoning, Metaphor-Based Reasoning and … An implemented context-based reasoning system called ATT-Meta is sketched. The system can perform both reasoning about beliefs of agents and metaphor-based reasoning. … Cited by 30 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 9 versions

[BOOK] Corpus-based approaches to metaphor and metonymy A Stefanowitsch… – 2006 – books.google.com Page 1. Corpus-Based Approaches to Metaphor and Metonymy = Page 2. … Page 3. Corpus-Based Approaches to Metaphor and Metonymy edited by Anatol Stefanowitsch Stefan Th. Gries Mouton de Gruyter Berlin · New York Page 4. … Cited by 97 – Related articles – Library Search – BL Direct – All 7 versions

Models of metaphor in NLP [PDF] from aclweb.org E Shutova – Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … in the metaphoric lexicon. In Proceedings of the 12th con- ference on Computational linguistics, pages 396- 401. JH Martin. 1990. A Computational Model of Metaphor Interpretation. Academic Press Profes- sional, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA. JH Martin. 1994. Metabank: A … Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 10 versions

An ontology-based exploration of knowledge systems for metaphor [PDF] from sinica.edu.tw CR Huang, SF Chung… – Ontologies, 2007 – Springer … First, the data analysis is corpus-based, following the example of MetaBank [18]. … In order to discover the knowledge system of metaphor as attested by corpus data, we first extract metaphoric uses from corpus and analyze them. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 8 versions

Corpus-driven metaphor harvesting [PDF] from upenn.edu A Reining… – Proceedings of the Workshop on …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … cO2007 Association for Computational Linguistics Corpus-driven Metaphor Harvesting … This investigation is situated within the frame- work of the Hamburg Metaphor Database1 (HMD) (Lönneker and Eilts, 2004), which collects manual annotations of metaphors in context. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 19 versions

[PDF] A Corpus-Based Analysis of Context E ects on Metaphor Comprehension [PDF] from psu.edu JH Martin – Citeseer … containing relevant literal expressions of the target concepts of the test metaphor, and nally contexts containing metaphoric expressions with … Fortunately, one of the ndings from our earlier metabank work (Martin, 1994) shows that each individual metaphor type displays a … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PS] A corpus-based approach for metaphor processing [PS] from unicaen.fr S Ferrari – Proceedings of LEDAR, 1996 – users.info.unicaen.fr … [7] JR Hobbs. Metaphor and abduction. In Fass et al. [4], pages 52-61. [8] G. Lakoff and M. Johnson. Metaphors we live by. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA, 1980. [9] JH Martin. MetaBank : a Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Con- ventions. In Fass et al. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

BELIEF IN METAPHOR: TAKING COMMONSENSE PSYCHOLOGY SERIOUSLY1 JA Barnden – Computational Intelligence, 1992 – Wiley Online Library Page 1. BELIEF IN METAPHOR: TAKING COMMONSENSE PSYCHOLOGY SERIOUSLY’ JOHN A. BARNDEN Computing Research … That is, the representation scheme is itself explicitly metaphor-imbued. Key words: metaphor, folk psychology … Cited by 17 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 2 versions

[PDF] A corpus-based analysis of context effects on metaphor comprehension [PDF] from colorado.edu JH Martin – … -based approaches to metaphor. Berlin and New York: …, 1994 – cs.colorado.edu … of contexts are of interest here: – Contexts containing literal expressions of the source concepts of the test metaphor – Contexts containing relevant literal expressions of the target con- cepts of the test metaphor – And finally, contexts containing metaphoric expressions with the … Cited by 5 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

Metaphoric coherence: Distinguishing verbal metaphor from “anomaly” SW Russell – Computational intelligence, 1992 – Wiley Online Library Page 1. METAPHORIC COHERENCE: DISTINGUISHING VERBAL METAPHOR FROM “ANOMALY” SYLVIA WEBER … 1976). Page 3. METAPHORIC COHERENCE: DISTINGUISHING VERBAL METAPHOR FROM “ANOMALY” 555 which … Cited by 8 – Related articles – Library Search – BL Direct – All 2 versions

Topic model analysis of metaphor frequency for psycholinguistic stimuli [PDF] from rug.nl S Bethard, VT Lai… – Proceedings of the Workshop on …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … J. Mach. Learn. Res., 5:361- 397. James H. Martin. 1994. MetaBank: a Knowledge-Base of metaphoric language conventions. Computational Intelligence, 10(2):134-149. James H. Martin. 2006. A rational analysis of the con- text effect on metaphor processing. In Stefan Th. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 14 versions

The hamburg metaphor database project: issues in resource creation [PDF] from berkeley.edu B Lönneker-Rodman – Language resources and evaluation, 2008 – Springer Page 1. The Hamburg Metaphor Database project: issues in resource creation Birte Lönneker-Rodman Published online: 1 October 2008 Ó Springer Science+Business Media BV 2008 Abstract This paper concerns metaphor resource creation. … Cited by 9 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PS] Metaphor Understanding {A Cognitive Science Perspective [PS] from budiu.info R Vasilescu – 1997 – budiu.info … In A. Ortony (ed.), 1992. Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge Uni- versity Press. … Martin 1992] Martin J., 1992. Computer Understanding of Conventional Metaphoric Language. … Martin 1994] Martin J., 1992. Metabank: a Knowledge Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

A PROGRAM FOR FINDING METAPHOR CANDIDATES IN CORPORA [PDF] from pucsp.br TB Sardinha – The ESPecialist, 2011 – revistas.pucsp.br … Chicago: University of Chicago Press. _____; ESPENSON, J. & SCHWARTZ, A. 1991. Master metaphor list: cognitive linguistics group. Berkeley: University of California at Berkeley. 2nd Edition. MARTIN, JH 1991) MetaBank: a knowledge-base of metaphoric Related articles

[PDF] An Architecture For Language Understanding And Metaphor Learning-An Integrative Approach [PDF] from washbear-network.de P Hildebrandt – washbear-network.de … tematic homonyms, or something else. Metabank is thus not a metaphor interpretation … 2.2.5 KARMA KARMA (Knowledge-based Active Representations for Metaphor and Aspect) de- … model for metaphoric reasoning. It exploits encoded knowledge about motor actions … Related articles – View as HTML

[CITATION] ENABLING STRATEGIC METAPHOR IN CONVERSATION E Knowledge – Mapping strategic knowledge, 2002 – Sage Publications Ltd Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] ” Computational Metaphor Identification [PDF] from uci.edu EPS Baumer, D Hubin… – luci.ics.uci.edu … types, “how do I enter Emacs?” MIDAS would determine that “enter” in this case is an instance of a container metaphor, and that … This approach was extended to the development of Metabank (Martin 1994), a large database of metaphorical interpretations for English metaphors. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Conceptual Metaphors: Ontology-based representation and corpora driven Mapping Principles [PDF] from upenn.edu K Ahrens, SF Chung… – … of the ACL 2003 workshop on …, 2003 – dl.acm.org … Lakoff, G. 1993. “The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor.” In Andrew Ortony (ed.) Metaphor and Thought (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. P 202-251. Martin J., 1992. Metabank: a Knowledge Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. … Cited by 39 – Related articles – All 41 versions

Computational Exploration of Metaphor Comprehension Processes Using a Semantic Space Model A Utsumi – Cognitive science, 2010 – Wiley Online Library … Estes, 2006). If the vehicle of a metaphor indicates a metaphoric category that is relevant to an important feature of the topic during a categorization process, the metaphor is apt and A. Utsumi/Cognitive Science (2010) 7 Page 8. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

The Chinese Noun Metaphors Knowledge Base and its Use in the Recognition of Metaphors [PDF] from wku.edu Z Wang, S Yu… – … Agent Technology (WI-IAT), 2010 IEEE/ …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … [5] Lakoff, Jane Espenson and Alan Schwartz 1991) The Master Metaphor List, http://araw.mede. uic.edu/ ~alansz/metaphor. [6] Martin, J. H(1994) MetaBank: A Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Convention, Computational Intelligence, 10(2):pp.134-139. … Related articles – All 6 versions

Hunting elusive metaphors using lexical resources [PDF] from upenn.edu S Krishnakumaran… – Proceedings of the Workshop on …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … 1994. Metabank: a knowledge-base of metaphoric language conventions. Computational Intelligence, 10(2):134-149. Zachary J. Mason. 2004. Cormet: A computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction sys- tem. Computational Linguistics, 30(1):23-44. … Cited by 22 – Related articles – All 22 versions

[PDF] Computational identification of conceptual metaphors in communities of Blogs [PDF] from ericbaumer.com E Baumer… – 2008 – ericbaumer.com … [6] J. Martin, “Metabank: A knowledge base of metaphoric language conventions,” Computational Intelligence, vol. 10, pp. 134-149, 1994. [7] Z. Mason, “CorMet: a computational, corpus-based conventional metaphor extraction system,” Computational Linguistics, vol. 30, pp. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 9 versions

[PDF] Computational Metaphor Identification to Foster Critical Thinking and Creativity DISSERTATION [PDF] from ericbaumer.com E BAUMER – 2009 – ericbaumer.com Page 1. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE Computational Metaphor Identification to Foster Critical Thinking and Creativity DISSERTATION … 1.1 Computational Metaphor Identification…..3 … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] Italian Metaphor Database: una base di dati sulle metafore in italiano per sistemi di Trattamento Automatico del Linguaggio [PDF] from unifi.it A Alonge – lablita.dit.unifi.it … Lakoff, G. (1993). The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor. In A. Ortony (a cura di), Metaphor and Thought. Second Edition. … Martin, JH (1994). MetaBank: a Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. Computational Intelligence, 10, 2, pp. 134-149. … Related articles

Computational approaches to figurative language [PDF] from colorado.edu JH Martin – Metaphor and Symbol, 1996 – Taylor & Francis … A computational model of metaphor interpretation. Cambridge, MA: Aca- demic. Martin, J. H. (1992). Computer understanding of conventional metaphoric language. Cognitive Science, 16, 233-270. Martin, JH (1994). Metabank: A knowledge-base of metaphoric language … Cited by 9 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 3 versions

???????????? ???… – ???????, 2008 – cqvip.com … ???????????,??Master Metaphor List?Sense-frame?MetaBank?Metalude?Hamburg Metaphor Database?ATT-Meta????????????????,??????????? ??????????????????????????????????? (?5?). … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Task08: Metonymy Resolution at Semeval 2007 K Markert… – Proceedings of Semeval 2007. Prague, Czech Rep, 2007 – Citeseer … 40, Transfers of meaning – Nunberg – 1995. 19, Processing metaphor and metonymy – Fass – 1997. … 6, Users’ Reference Guide – Burnard – 1995. 5, Metabank: A knowledge base of metaphoric language conventions – Martin – 1994. … Cited by 4 – Related articles – Cached – All 2 versions

[PDF] Semeval-2007 task 08: Metonymy resolution at semeval-2007 [PDF] from upenn.edu K Markert… – Proceedings of SemEval-2007, 2007 – acl.ldc.upenn.edu … In A. Stefanowitsch, editor, Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics. Vol. 1: Metaphor and Metonymy. Mouton de Gruyter, 2006. J. Martin. 1994. Metabank: a knowledge base of metaphoric language conventions. Computational Intelli- gence, 10(2):134-149. Z. Mason. 2004. … Cited by 24 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 34 versions

The Syntactic Features and Identification Analysis of Planting Verb Metaphors Z Wang, Y Jia… – … Agent Technology (WI-IAT), 2011 IEEE/ …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … [3] Fass, DCmet*: A Method for Discriminating Metonymy and Metaphor by Computer, Association for Computational Linguistics, 1991. [4] Martin, JH MetaBank: A Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Convention, Computational Intelligence, 1994.10(2):134-139. … Related articles – All 3 versions

Tracking evaluation in discourse [PDF] from archives-ouvertes.fr M Vernier, S Ferrari – 2007 – hal.archives-ouvertes.fr … Palgrave Macmillan Hard- cover. J. Martin. 1991. MetaBank : a Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. … V. Perlerin, P. Beust, and S. Ferrari. 2003. Computer- assisted interpretation in domain-specific corpora: the case of the metaphor. … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Representing UNIX domain metaphors JH Martin – Artificial Intelligence Review, 2000 – Springer … 5. Conventional Metaphor Interpretation The main thrust of the MIDAS approach to metaphor interpretation is that normal processing of metaphoric language proceeds through the direct application of specific knowledge about the metaphors in the language. … Cited by 6 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 6 versions

[PDF] Verarbeitung von Metaphern [PDF] from uni-saarland.de BP ist ein Chamäleon – 2010 – coli.uni-saarland.de … The University of Chicago Press. • James Martin (1990): A Computational Model of Metaphor Interpretation. Academic Press. • James Martin (1991): MetaBank: A Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. Computational Intelligence 10. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[CITATION] Meaning change: metaphorical and literal A Bailin – Journal of literary semantics, 1995 – Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/New York … Cited by 4 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 2 versions

[PDF] Detecting metaphors on domain-specific corpora [PDF] from unicaen.fr S Ferrari – Actes ECAI Workshop on Corpus Oriented …, 1996 – users.info.unicaen.fr … This could be seen as extensions of the conventional metaphor about artificial intelligence. We shall assume that conventionaly metaphoric terms are bound to occur frequently with a same metaphoric mean- ing in texts related to a specific domain. 4.2 Analysis … Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] Computer Science Department, CMU September 2, 1997 [PDF] from psu.edu R Vasilescu – 1997 – Citeseer … The Contemporary Theory Of Metaphor. In A. Ortony (ed.), 1992.Metaphor and Thought. … Martin 1992] Martin J., 1992. Computer Understanding of Conventional Metaphoric Language. … Metabank: a Knowledge Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Head-Driven Lexical Representation of Idioms in HPSG [PDF] from psu.edu G Erbach… – 1992 – Citeseer … MetaBank: A Knowledge Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. In: Dan Fass, Elizabeth Hinkelman and James Martin (eds.). Proceedings of the IJCAI Workshop on Computational Approaches to Non-Literal Language: Metaphor, Metonymy, Idiom, Speech Acts, Implicature … Cited by 11 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 10 versions

[BOOK] Ambiguity and linguistic preferences [PDF] from x10hosting.com G Erbach, Computerlinguistik… – 1992 – mcgreg.x10hosting.com … MetaBank: A Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Conventions. In: D. Fass, E. Hinkelman, J. Martin (eds.): Proceedings of the IJCAI workshop “Computational Approaches to Non-Literal Language: Metaphor, Metonyny, Idiom, Speech Acts, Implicature”, Sydney, Australia … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[PDF] Using preference values in typed feature structures to exploit non-absolute constraints for disambiguation [PDF] from x10hosting.com G Erbach – Feature Formalisms and Linguistic Ambiguity. …, 1993 – mcgreg.x10hosting.com … Metabank: A knowledge-base of metaphoric language conven- tions. In Dan Fass, Elizabeth Hinkelman, and James Martin, editors, Pro- ceedings of the IJCAI workshop on computational approaches to non-literal language: metaphor, metonyny, idiom, speech acts, implicature … Cited by 8 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[PDF] “?” ????? [PDF] from nju.edu.cn ??, ???, ??… – ??????, 2008 – nlp.nju.edu.cn … [5] Martin, JH MetaBank: A Knowledge-Base of Metaphoric Language Convention [J]. Computational Intelligence, 1994, 10(2):134-149. [6] Mason, Z. A Computational, Corpus-Based Metaphor Extraction System [D]. Brandeis University, 2002. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] Computational Approaches to Figurative Language [PDF] from berkeley.edu B Loenneker-Rodman… – Cambridge Encyclopedia …, 2010 – icsi.berkeley.edu … Many abstract and contested concepts in politics, economics, and even mathematics may be metaphoric (Lakoff, 1994; Lakoff and Nú˜nez, 2000). For example, Lakoff argues that metaphor is central to the core concept of Freedom, and that this abstract concept is actually … Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML

AI models of verbal/conceptual analogy RH ROBERT – Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial …, 1998 – Taylor & Francis … Copycat, DIANA, FOX, IAM, IMM, JCM, Julip, ZORBA, MEDIATOR, META5, Metabank, MORRIS, NLAG … Hence, a case could be made that `metaphoric} imagistic thought’ is fundamental, and … The analogy±metaphor diŒerence is often more a matter of intent and pragmatics. … Cited by 1 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 4 versions

Artificial Intelligence, Mindreading, and Reasoning in Law JA Barnden… – Cardozo L. Rev., 2000 – HeinOnline Page 1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, MINDREADING, AND REASONING IN LAW John A. Barnden* & Donald M. Peterson** Introduction One aspect of legal reasoning is the act of working out another party’s mental states (their … Cited by 3 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 4 versions

Suivi d’opinion dans le discours [PDF] from archives-ouvertes.fr M Vernier, S Ferrari, D Legallois – 2008 – hal.archives-ouvertes.fr … 11 7. REFERENCES ALONGE A. & CASTELLI M.. 2003. Encoding information on metaphoric expressions in wordnet- like resources. … FASS D.. 1997. Processing metaphor and metonymy. … MARTIN JH. 1991. Metabank: a knowledge-base of metaphoric language conventions. … Related articles – All 11 versions

Data and models for metonymy resolution K Markert… – Language resources and evaluation, 2009 – Springer … Figurative language, such as metaphor, metonymy, idioms … Sense distinctions in dictionaries do include conventionalized figurative readings, such as the metonymic meat reading and the metaphoric coward reading for the word chicken, both of which are listed in WordNet … Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Understanding Exploitations of Familiar Conceptual Metaphors: An Approach and Artificial Intelligence System [PDF] from psu.edu JA Barnden… – 1999 – Citeseer … hicle) domain of the conceptual metaphor, and in, generally, avoiding attempts to find or create a target- domain correspondent for a source-domain concept used in the utterance but not yet mapped to the target by the metaphor. … We do hold that metaphor is based on analogy. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[DOC] La metafora nell’Intelligenza Artificiale [DOC] from unibo.it E Gola – sssub.unibo.it … Le metafore (le metaphor-maps e le metaphor-senses) non sono isolate, ma integrate l’una con l’altra in modo che vengano rispecchiate le similarità e le differenze tra esse. … Moving Right Along: A Computational Model of Metaphoric Reasoning about Events (Srini Narayanan ). … Related articles – View as HTML

[PDF] Computational approaches to figurative language [PDF] from cam.ac.uk EV Shutova – month, 2011 – www-test.cl.cam.ac.uk … language would be extremely beneficial to a wide range of practical NLP applications. The main focus of this thesis is on the phenomenon of metaphor. I adopt a statistical … 1.1 Metaphor It is widely acknowledged in linguistics, philosophy and cognitive science that metaphor … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[PDF] Toward Improving the Automated Classification of Metonymy in Text Corpora [PDF] from rochester.edu FMO Ferraro – 2011 – urresearch.rochester.edu … As metaphor describes an overall conceptual mapping, rarely are individual words targeted as a metaphor; rather, entire phrases or sentences are described as being metaphoric. Metonymy, meanwhile, is at its core a reference task. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] ?????????? World Wide Web ?????????????????????????? [PDF] from hokudai.ac.jp ????, ????… – ?????? …, 2006 – arakilab.media.eng.hokudai.ac.jp … ????????????????? ?? ?? †,††a) ?? ?? ††† ?? ?? † An Automatic Relevance Estimation of Property Values and Its Feedback Based on World Wide Web for Metaphor Recognition Fumito MASUI †,††a), Jun’ichi FUKUMOTO ††† , and Kenji ARAKI † … Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 4 versions

Resources for Research on Analogy: A Multi-disciplinary Guide [PDF] from uwindsor.ca M Guarini, A Butchart, PS Smith… – Informal Logic, 2009 – celt.uwindsor.ca … based reasoning (CBR), case law, casuistry, cognition, common law, engineering, ethics, example, exemplar, frame, homology, homomorphism, homoplasty, isomorphism, language, law, literature, logic, logical reconstruction, mathematics, mental model, metaphor, mind, model … Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 8 versions

[PDF] Understanding Open-Ended Usages of Familiar Conceptual Metaphors: An Approach and Artificial Intelligence System (Technical Report CSRP-01-05) [PDF] from psu.edu JA Barnden… – Citeseer … small number of other metaphor researchers, but we provide a more extensive analysis, additional principles and a more thorough-going implementation. … The example is a use of the familiar metaphorical view (familiar conceptual metaphor) of LOVE AS JOURNEY. … Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[BOOK] Wildlife resources: a global account of economic use HH Roth… – 1997 – books.google.com Page 1. STUDIES IN FUZZINESS AND SOFT COMPUTING Marilyn MacCrimmon Peter Tillers Editors The Dynamics of Judicial Proof Computation, Logic, and Common Sense Physica-Verlag A Springer-Verlag Company Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. … Cited by 36 – Related articles – Library Search – BL Direct – All 3 versions

Developments in the Law Concerning Stored-Value Cards and Other Electronic Payments Products [PDF] from bwplawyer.com SJ Hughes, ST Middlebrook… – Bus. Law., 2007 – HeinOnline Page 1. Developments in the Law Concerning Stored-Value Cards and Other Electronic Payments Products By Sarah Jane Hughes, Stephen T Middlebrook, and Broox W Peterson* Stored-value and other electronic and Internet … Cited by 10 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 4 versions