N-gram & Tag Clouds


See also:

N-gram Dialog Systems | N-gram Grammars | N-gram Timeline | N-gram Transducers (NGT)


Collecting, analyzing and visualizing tweets using open source tools S Yang… – Proceedings of the 12th Annual International …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … analysis of the content, basic natural language processing techniques such as n-grams and term … 8. Wordcram: a library for generating word clouds from text, in the Processing environment. … In this paper, we describe a tool to help holistically understand, research and analyze the …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Computational creativity tools for songwriters [PDF] from rug.nlB Settles – Proceedings of the NAACL HLT 2010 Second …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … The template grammar offers several other advan- tages over the n-gram approach, including fewer inference steps (which results in fewer database queries) and helping to ensure that … For each tool, I generated 200 instances (ie, ti- tles for Titular and word clouds for LyriCloud …  Related articles – All 12 versions

[CITATION] Keyphrase Cloud Generation of Broadcast News L Marujo, M Viveiros… – 2011 – Interspeech Cited by 1 – Related articles

JSTOR-Data for Research J Burns, A Brenner, K Kiser, M Krot… – … Technology for Digital …, 2009 – Springer … for the entire dataset (generated using TF/IDF [4]) are displayed as tag cloud where word … a Berkeley Database [10] is used to store word counts and n-grams used in … Linguists requested the n-gram functionality, various groups requested access to reference information, and the …  Related articles – All 5 versions

Enterprise search through automatic synthesis of tag clouds HM Venkateshprasanna, RD Gandhi… – Proceedings of the …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … tag terms by text-mining documents, discussions and enterprise data; Stem each term; generate all possible n-grams; and filter against a stop-list; If an n-gram is a … the threshold value, discard it; For each term, Normalize its rank to the given scale; Output tag-cloud for the …  Related articles

Efficient keyword extraction for meaningful document perception T Bohne, S Rönnau… – … of the 11th ACM symposium on …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … 13. MA Hearst and D. Rosner. Tag Clouds: Data Analysis Tool or Social Signaller? … 17. N. Kumar and K. Srinathan. Automatic keyphrase extraction from scientific documents using N-gram filtration technique. … Differential Tag Clouds: Highlighting Particular Features in Documents. …  Related articles

[PDF] Meaningful Clouds: Towards a novel interface for document visualization [PDF] from straightlinedesigninc.comD Watters – http://danwatters. com/documents/ …, 2009 – straightlinedesigninc.com … However, whereas tag cloud visualization effectively communicates the most common collective tags, the use of the … in an unstructured and variable environment and performs well [4]. An n-gram is a … A set of n-grams can be represented as a histogram which can be used as a …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

[PDF] The Story of One: Humanity scholarship with visualization and text analysis [PDF] from wapka.mobiT Clement, C Plaisant… – Relation, 2009 – fundunia.wapka.mobi … on how the process of determining decision criteria for text mining led to the discovery that various textual features (n-grams, parts-of … “‘A thing not beginning or ending’: Using Digital Tools to Distant … “Tag clouds and the case for vernacular visualization.” Interactions, 15.4: 49-52. …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 4 versions

[PDF] 3. Indexing [PDF] from ust.hkKT Lam – 2011 – ihome.ust.hk … Bibliography • Reference tools: indexes and abstracts • Subject analysis: classification schemes, subject … Tags are displayed as tag clouds. <http://www.librarything.com/work/10948 > … problem, no word delimiter between Chinese characters) – eg n-grams • Word normalization …  Related articles – View as HTML

Review spotlight: a user interface for summarizing user-generated reviews using adjective-noun word pairs [PDF] from yatani.jpK Yatani, M Novati, A Trusty… – Proceedings of the 2011 …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … Although other tag cloud visualizations have also used word pairs extracted using n-gram methods [6], based on our … Next, Review Spotlight performs a sentiment analysis on the word pairs using SentiWordNet [8], a context-free, word-based sentiment analysis tool. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Automatic extraction of composite terms for construction of ontologies: an experiment in the health care area [PDF] from fiocruz.brL Lopes, R Vieira, MJ Finatto, A Zanette, D Martins… – reciis, 2009 – revista.cict.fiocruz.br … Experiments The corpus used in the experiments with the tool is made up of … the semantic tagging of PALAVRAS and are verified by the user with tag clouds; • extraction of … and • extraction of composite terms where the methods were analyzed: n-grams, morphosyntactic patterns …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Visual forensic analysis and reverse engineering of binary data [PDF] from 66.240.206.90G Conti… – Black Hat USA, 2008 – 66.240.206.90 … File Independent Level – Entropy – Byte Frequency N Gram Analysis – N-Gram Analysis – Strings … Useful • Multiple coordinated views p • Combine Functionality of current tools and extend with visuals Page 27. … Byte Clouds Tag Cloud Smashing the Stack for Fun and Profit …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 17 versions

Discovering the hidden cross-dataset links in data. gov [PDF] from webscience.orgJ Flores… – 2011 – journal.webscience.org … so that users may quickly find relevant datasets by clicking an entry in a tag-cloud. … is automatically generated by computer program, powered by the Microsoft Web N-gram service (Wang … are then loaded into a faceted browser created using the Simile Exhibit visualization tool. …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] CS224N: Predicting Category Tags by Using N-gram Models [PDF] from stanford.eduHTJJHYR Rhee – threshold, 2009 – www-nlp.stanford.edu … After knowing why “Suzuku Burgman” shows up where it does, this cluster actually seems quite good: web authoring tools, suzuki burgman, gnu/linux. linux, debian. 4 … 4.1 N-gram Models … [6] Yusef Hassan Montero and Victor Herrero-Solana, Improving Tag-Clouds as Visual …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

CourseCloud: summarizing and refining keyword searches over structured data [PDF] from stanford.eduG Koutrika, ZM Zadeh… – Proceedings of the 12th …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … summarizing keyword search results using data clouds has been implemented as part of CourseRank, a social tool we have … A typical tag cloud shows the most popular, ie … and the fields in the database that should be search- able wrt selecting courses and stores n-grams, with n …  Cited by 6 – Related articles – All 9 versions

Discriminative and informative features for biomolecular text mining with ensemble feature selection [HTML] from oxfordjournals.orgS Van Landeghem, T Abeel, Y Saeys… – …, 2010 – Oxford Univ Press … At the same time, this insight can be applied to develop more accurate NLP tools. … The tag cloud for trigrams in the phosphorylation dataset shows similar examples involving ‘i kappa b … kappa b alpha’), it could be valuable to create additional features considering N-grams with N …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 11 versions

Enterprise people and skill discovery using tolerant retrieval and visualization [PDF] from ucdavis.eduJ Brunnert, O Alonso… – Advances in Information Retrieval, 2007 – Springer … By using n-grams the application returns good search results even when terms or names were … A custom tag cloud component was developed to make the use of tag clouds easier in other … the ten users that responded to the questionnaire, all reported that the tool was useful …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 8 versions

Analysis of Adjective-Noun Word Pair Extraction Methods for Online Review Summarization [PDF] from ijcai.orgK Yatani, M Novati, A Trusty… – Twenty-Second International …, 2011 – aaai.org … They also used the n-gram methods (n=1~3) for extracting positive and negative … in detail previously, we believe that incorporating a sentiment orientation into a tag cloud visualization could be … 1.0 [Esuli and Sebastiani, 2006], a context-free, word-based sentiment analysis tool. …  Related articles – All 6 versions

Navigating within news collections using tag-flakes L Di Caro, K Selçuk Candan… – Journal of Visual …, 2010 – Elsevier … Finally, the 1 A social media visualization and tracking interface based on this concept was demonstrated at [9]. 2 Figure 4: Unlike traditional tag clouds, tagFlake analyzes … requirement include natural constraint infer present discus point read apply attachment time tool consist e …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Emotional aware clustering on micro-blogging sources [PDF] from auth.grK Tsagkalidou, V Koutsonikola, A Vakali… – Affective Computing and …, 2011 – Springer … Our purpose was to test a tool that will automatically extract the affective orientation of users … The classifier also is based on the multinomial Naive Bayes classifier that uses N-gram and POS … Next, we proceed to the creation of the clusters tag clouds (Figure 3) in order to provide …  Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] The ISMIR Cloud: A decade of ISMIR Conferences at your fingertips [PDF] from ismir.netM Grachten, M Schedl, T Pohle… – Proceedings of 10th …, 2009 – ismir2009.ismir.net … visual access to the joint content of ISMIR publications in the form of a tag cloud – the ISMIR … this purpose, we queried the Web search engine exalead [5] for the extracted n-grams as ex … the problem of truncated words after PDF-to-text-conversion, we removed any n-gram v that …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

Beyond Flickr: Not All Image Tagging Is Created Equal JL Klavans, R Guerra, R LaPlante, R Stein… – Workshops at the Twenty- …, 2011 – aaai.org … In the case of tagging, where most tags are one word, the tag cloud serves as the context for interpretation, rather than a full phrase. … The bigram tagger we used and n-gram taggers in general perform well with n-grams seen before, but perform poorly on n-grams not seen …  Related articles – All 2 versions

Smarter Blogroll: An Exploration of Social Topic Extraction for Manageable Blogrolls [PDF] from ericbaumer.comE Baumer… – … on System Sciences, Proceedings of the …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Unscoped Scoped (social) Search Technorati Search Rollyo, macro search Browse Technorati Tag Cloud Blogroll … In general, n-grams are sets of n words that appear consecutively in a document. … trying to understand whether this initial design-using a naïve n- gram model to …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 14 versions

Corpus Clouds-facilitating text analysis by means of visualizations C Culy… – … Technology. Challenges for Computer Science and …, 2011 – Springer … We use some common visualization techniques (eg graphs, sparklines [15]), re-purpose others (eg tag clouds), and combine them with standard … 2.1 Corpus Query Tool … of lists of words or word combinations (including lists of all words in the corpus, lists of n-grams, lists of key …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Deriving insights from national happiness indices [PDF] from ucd.ieA Brew, D Greene, D Archambault… – 2011 – irserver.ucd.ie … algorithm for grouping Twitter users based on their tweets in a given time period, and for assigning sentiment scores to these clusters; (2) a visualization tool to support … features, including punctuation, words, and n-grams. … [15] combine trend graphs with tag clouds to visualise …  Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] A link-based visual search engine for Wikipedia [PDF] from waikato.ac.nzDN Milne… – Proceeding of the 11th annual international …, 2011 – cs.waikato.ac.nz … In anecdotal studies, users found the tool to be “beautiful” and “fun”, but also “disordered” and … Resolving queries is a matter of checking n-grams against the anchor vocabulary. … the remainder of this section the three systems-Wikipedia, Hopara, and the tag-cloud baseline-will …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Analyzing the semantic content and persuasive composition of extremist media: A case study of texts produced during the Gaza conflict S Prentice, PJ Taylor, P Rayson, A Hoskins… – Information Systems …, 2011 – Springer … In this case the comparisons speak directly to the opportunities and limits afforded by using automated methods as tools for uncovering the intentions behind a piece of … The results of these comparisons between the corpora can be shown visually as ‘word clouds’ (see Figs. …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 11 versions

Extracting semantic user networks from informal communication exchanges [PDF] from semanticweb.orgA Gentile, V Lanfranchi, S Mazumdar… – The Semantic Web- …, 2011 – Springer … The candidate terms are gen- erated by gathering all n-grams in the text and discarding those below a low … 16],[34], radial layouts [36] (as shown in Figure 1) and tag clouds (detail of a tag cloud in Figure 3). SimNET has been built as a flexible visualisation tool to explore …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Multiple coordinated views for searching and navigating web content repositories [PDF] from weblyzard.comA Hubmann-Haidvogel, A Scharl… – Information Sciences, 2009 – Elsevier … screen, users can choose from several visualizations including information landscapes, geographic maps, domain ontologies and tag clouds (See Section 4.1 … two probabilities: obtaining the observed word counts under the assumption that the terms in the n-gram are dependent …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 5 versions

A comparison of content-based tag recommendations in folksonomy systems [PDF] from tagora-project.euJ Illig, A Hotho, R Jäschke… – Knowledge Processing and Data …, 2011 – Springer … This is usually done by means of tag clouds where the most frequently used tags are depicted in a larger font or otherwise … Language guessing was done by making use of the n-gram method [6].11 Whenever documents contained explicit information about their language, we …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] Trends in Natural Language Processing and Text Mining [PDF] from cepis.orgJ Pueyo… – 2010 – cepis.org … 40]: Here at Google Research we have been using word n- gram models for … with Czech, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, and Swedish n-grams. … and clustering of relevant docu- ments by topics, or semantically-enhanced word clouds [60 …  Related articles – All 3 versions

Folksonomy and information retrieval [PDF] from uni-duesseldorf.deI Peters… – Proceedings of the American Society for …, 2007 – Wiley Online Library … 1 to 5). A well known example of a service using this sort of folksonomy is the social bookmarking tool Del.icio … eg, a user attaches “graphics” and the system suggests”image”, because both words do often co-occur in documents’ tag clouds). … A possibility is to implement n-grams. …  Cited by 33 – Related articles – All 13 versions

The information ecology of social media and online communities [PDF] from aaaipress.orgT Finin, A Joshi, P Kolari, A Java, A Kale… – AI Magazine, 2008 – aaai.org … Figure 3. The Tag Cloud Generated from the Top 200 Folders before and after Merging Related Folders. … Detecting influ- ence and understanding its role in how people per- ceive and adopt a product or service provides a powerful tool for marketing, advertising … Word N-Grams. …  Cited by 20 – Related articles – All 13 versions

Eventscapes: visualizing events over time with emotive facets B Adams, D Phung… – Proceedings of the 19th ACM …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … Such tools can be conceived of as sitting between web search (eg, Google keyword search) and manually authored digests (Wikipedia pages). … Imagery is primary, rather than text (eg, tag clouds or n-grams) because they can quickly convey a lot of information- “a picture is …

[PDF] Goodness: A method for measuring machine translation confidence [PDF] from aclweb.orgN Bach, F Huang… – … Annual Meeting of the Association for …, 2011 – aclweb.org … From the usability point of view, back-translation is a tool to help users to assess the accuracy level of MT output (Bach et … Blatz et al.(2004) only investigated source n- gram frequency statistics and source language model features, while other work mainly focused on target side …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

Tag Suggestion Method Based on Association Pattern and Bigram Approach H Kim, K Lee, H Shin… – Software Engineering, Artificial …, 2009 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Sample transaction consists of rescue, livecd, tools, software, opensource, backup, and sysadmin … For the future work, we will try not only bigram but al- so trigram, 4-gram, n-gram and compare them … 7] Y. Hassan-Montero and V. Herrero-Solana, “Improv- ing Tag-Clouds as Visual …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

[PDF] Hypergraph visualization and enrichment statistics: how the EGAN paradigm facilitates organic discovery from Big Data [PDF] from ucsf.eduJ Paquette… – Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation …, 2011 – akt.ucsf.edu … grouped and categorized (eg this paper has metadata tags as well as n-grams), to retail … REFERENCES [1] The Gene Ontology Consortium, “Gene ontology: tool for the unification of biology … 2007) [19] Bausch, P., and Bumgardner, J., “Make a Flikr-Style Tag Cloud”, [Flikr Hacks …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 6 versions

[PDF] Language Technology Project 2007 Word of the Day [PDF] from uva.nlS Arnoult, JCKM Kroon… – 2007 – ilps.science.uva.nl … The vi- sualization module finally displays our “words of the day” using two methods: Tag Cloud and Click Through. … Hidden-Markov-Model or n-gram taggers use su- pervised learning and find the best tag for a given word by choosing the tag for a word that is the most likely …  Related articles – View as HTML

Semantic Annotation and Search for Deep Web Services [PDF] from njit.eduSA Chun… – E-Commerce Technology and the Fifth …, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … a class of the instances, it is not clear whether the annotation tool actually helps … search result exploration is using the content clouds just like the tag clouds frequently used … The information retrieval system indexes these discovered documents and uses either N-Gram or URIs as …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Metadata Generation for Learning Objects: An Experimental Comparison of Automatic and Collaborative Solutions [PDF] from uibk.ac.atM Bauer, R Maier… – E-Learning 2010, 2010 – Springer … Sets of these triples can be statistically analyzed and lead to tag clouds, tag networks or tag clusters (Rollett et … As common in many available tagging tools, the most frequently used tags could be chosen and additional … Technically, the study was realized by a questionnaire tool. …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[PDF] From tag to concept [PDF] from psu.eduG Ketelaars – 2008 – Citeseer … However, tool- support could use taxonomies to assist users with tagging. … Fully automatic mapping tools often use a combination of linguistic and learning techniques. … for several purposes: for categorization, as short descriptors, or for searching and navigation (eg tag clouds). …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

Extração automática de termos compostos para construção de ontologias: um experimento na área da saúde-DOI: 10.3395/reciis. v3i1. 244pt [PDF] from fiocruz.brL Lopes, R Vieira, MJ Finatto, D Martins… – RECIIS, 2009 – reciis.cict.fiocruz.br … Experiments The corpus used in the experiments with the tool is made up of … the semantic tagging of PALAVRAS and are verified by the user with tag clouds; • extraction of … and • extraction of composite terms where the methods were analyzed: n-grams, morphosyntactic patterns …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 2 versions

Caravela: Semantic Content Management with Automatic Information Integration and Categorization (System Description) [PDF] from uni-leipzig.deD Aumüller… – The Semantic Web: Research and Applications, 2007 – Springer … However, there is little tool support for maintaining open, web- accessible bibliographies to collect … based matching using string matchers such as edit distance, stemming, n-grams, and phonetic … Such tag clouds are great means to start browsing a collection, as each attribute …  Cited by 12 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 11 versions

Semantic and pragmatic annotation for government information discovery, sharing and collaboration J Warner… – Proceedings of the 10th Annual International …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … aggregate and summarize tags into different tag clouds for dynamic search and sharing. … 5. RELATED WORK Tagging is widely considered as a useful tool to manage web … The information retrieval system indexes these discovered documents and uses either N-Gram or URIs as …  Cited by 1 – Related articles

The CALO meeting assistant system [PDF] from sri.comG Tur, A Stolcke, L Voss, S Peters… – Audio, Speech, and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … on the likely se- quence of dialog acts are modeled via a dialog act n-gram. The statistical dialog act grammar is combined with word n-grams, decision trees, and neural … browse meetings, with the word distributions providing associated keyword lists and word clouds for display. …  Cited by 10 – Related articles – All 24 versions

[PDF] Augmenting Online Video Recommendations by Fusing Review Sentiment Classification [PDF] from wapka.mobiW Zhang, G Ding, L Chen… – … Systems and the Social …, 2010 – fundunia.wapka.mobi … For example, linguistic, statistical and n-gram features were researched in [7]. Selected words and … recommender can construct a per-user profile as an aggregation of tag clouds of videos … then recommended to the user u. 6. EXPERIMENTS 6.1 Data and Tools The experiments …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

Domain-independent automatic keyphrase indexing with small training sets [PDF] from wvoca.comO Medelyan… – Journal of the American Society for …, 2008 – Wiley Online Library … are steadily growing in number, and ever more users prefer to explore so-called tag clouds, a natural … do not cross these boundaries are extracted, and the number of occurrences of each n-gram is counted. Most extracted n-grams are ungrammatical or meaningless in isolation …  Cited by 21 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 16 versions

[PDF] Automatic analysis of multiparty meetings [PDF] from ias.ac.inS RENALS – Sadhana, 2011 – ias.ac.in … based on pitch adaptive fea- tures (Garau & Renals 2008), estimation of n-gram language models … augmenting training data using documents obtained from the web by searching with n-grams obtained from … The transcript is at the top left, a tag cloud of keywords is at the bottom …  View as HTML

iTAG: Automatically Annotating Textual Resources with Human Intentions [PDF] from academypublisher.comM Kröll, C Körner… – Journal of Emerging …, 2010 – ojs.academypublisher.com … 1 A tag cloud is a non-hierarchical presentation of linked terms [12], often described as a visualization of word frequencies as well [21]. II. RELATED WORK … A paper by Sood et al. [17] presents TagAssist, a tool developed to support the process of tagging blog posts. …  Related articles – All 7 versions

Semantics-based analysis and navigation of heterogeneous text corpora: The porpoise news and blogs engine [PDF] from kuleuven.beB Berendt… – Web Mining Applications in E-commerce and E- …, 2009 – Springer … the hot topics are” based on topic detection techniques or, more usually, based on Web2.0 techniques like tag clouds that reflect … Terms may be single words or n-grams. … First user studies have shown the tool to be rated as useful and usable, and as supporting literature search …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Augmenting Chinese Online Video Recommendations by Using Virtual Ratings Predicted by Review Sentiment Classification [PDF] from hkbu.edu.hkW Zhang, G Ding, L Chen… – Data Mining Workshops ( …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … such as Support have been usually on methods [1]. rning process are stical and n-gram ords and negation , the performance ses when training … a technique to calcula between videos and users’ click-th proposed video recommender can co as an aggregation of tag clouds of v …  Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] Evaluation of Clustering Based Search Engines [PDF] from shef.ac.ukNK Singh – 2009 – dagda.shef.ac.uk … taken by Quintura, which uses word cloud to represent the clusters and their relationship. … Yahoo can also return semantically formed results which could be a great tool for building ontology. Still … ngram-based methods have been suggested for the job, but an n-gram approach …  Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search

MUSE: reviving memories using email archives [PDF] from stanford.eduS Hangal, MS Lam… – Proceedings of the 24th annual ACM …, 2011 – dl.acm.org … as in Jigsaw [30], and the need for pre-built views of intelligence corpora [3]. However, the use case for discovery tools (trained analysts … The Parallel Tag Clouds visu- alization [4] highlights the presence as well as absence of significant terms across the parallel text corpora of …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Recognition and understanding of meetings [PDF] from ed.ac.ukS Renals – Human Language Technologies: The 2010 Annual …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … language models using documents obtained from the web by search- ing with n-grams obtained from … relevant docu- ments from the meeting document base, relevant web hits and aa tag cloud. … A generic layout-tool for summaries of meetings in a constraint- based approach. …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 13 versions

Social Media Visual Analytics for Events [PDF] from nickdiakopoulos.comN Diakopoulos, M Naaman, T Yazdani… – Social Media Modeling …, 2011 – Springer … We found the best performance using a language model including all n-grams of length less than … It is similar to a tag cloud that has been laid out so that word positions are … Vox Civitas, several responses indicated healthy suspicions about relying solely on the tool for reporting. …  Related articles – All 3 versions

Diamonds in the rough: Social media visual analytics for journalistic inquiry [PDF] from rutgers.eduN Diakopoulos, M Naaman… – … Analytics Science and …, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … We found the best performance using a language model including all n-grams of length less than … It is similar to a “tag cloud” that has been laid out so that word positions are … Vox Civitas, several responses indicated healthy suspicions about relying solely on the tool for reporting …  Cited by 12 – Related articles – All 7 versions

[PDF] Data Portraits: Aesthetics and Algorithms [PDF] from mit.eduAC Dragulescu – 2009 – smg.media.mit.edu … their information history. Themail is an interactive tool meant for reflection on past con- … Despite the theoretical perceptual issues, the popularity and widespread use of tag clouds … TexCat [10] [25], an n-gram based language classifier, to assign a composite score of all …  Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 2 versions

Data portraits: aesthetics and algorithms [PDF] from mit.eduJ Donath, AC Dragulescu – 2009 – dspace.mit.edu … their information history. Themail is an interactive tool meant for reflection on past con- … Despite the theoretical perceptual issues, the popularity and widespread use of tag clouds … TexCat [10] [25], an n-gram based language classifier, to assign a composite score of all …  Related articles – All 3 versions

Continuous Semantics to Analyze Real-Time Data A Sheth, C Thomas… – Internet Computing, IEEE, 2010 – ieeexplore.ieee.org … Thematic analysis by Twitris gives a set of n-grams or key phrases exem- plified by the tag cloud in Figure 2b. … Selected CS articles and columns are also available for free at http:// ComputingNow.computer.org. The magazine of computational tools and methods. …  Cited by 4 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Authors vs. readers: a comparative study of document metadata and content in the www [PDF] from googlecode.comMG Noll… – Proceedings of the 2007 ACM symposium on …, 2007 – dl.acm.org … Figure 1 shows a so-called tag cloud of popular tags on del.icio.us … Bag-of-words or n-gram approaches are common for classification and clustering tasks, and a plethora of … order to ensure the correctness of our experiments, we developed an automated software tool to facilitate …  Cited by 32 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Nowcasting Events from the Social Web with Statistical Learning [PDF] from pascal-network.orgV Lampos… – 2011 – eprints.pascal-network.org … 2010], an online tool for inferring flu rates based on tweets. … (1) Candidate Feature Extraction. A vocabulary of candidate features is formed by using n-grams, ie phrases with n tokens. We also refer to those n-grams as mark- ers. …  Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Deriving a Web-Scale Common Sense Fact Knowledge Base [PDF] from mpg.deN Tandon, G Weikum, G de Melo… – 2011 – domino.mpi-inf.mpg.de … and in workshops, including: • AAAI 2011 [Tandon et al., 2011] • SIGIR 2010 N-gram Workshop [Tandon and de Melo, 2010] 1.4 Outline … sense knowledge extraction using n-grams with supervised and unsupervised approaches for pattern and tuple scoring. … searching tools. …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[BOOK] Advances in Information Retrieval: 32nd European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2010, Milton Keynes, UK, March 28-31, 2010. Proceedings C Gurrin – 2010 – books.google.com … 544 Sascha Kriewel and Norbert Fuhr How Di?erent Are Language Models and Word Clouds?…. … 658 Maarten Clements, Pavel Serdyukov, Arjen P. de Vries, and Marcel JT Reinders Enhancing N-Gram-Based Summary Evaluation Using Information Content and a …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

Finding information in an era of abundance: Towards a collaborative tagging environment in government SA Chun… – Information Polity, 2010 – IOS Press … Dynamic tagging applications tend to use the whole document and generate tag clouds based on … Tagging is widely considered as a useful tool to manage web resources … The information retrieval system indexes these discovered documents and uses either N-Grams or URIs as …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Anticipating annotations and emerging trends in biomedical literature [PDF] from timeseriesknowledgemining.orgF Mörchen, M Dejori, D Fradkin, J Etienne… – Proceeding of the 14th …, 2008 – dl.acm.org … Each clus- ter is described by a tag cloud of the most important words and entities detected in the documents of the cluster. … While we could have processed the document with n-grams this would have increased the complexity of the study tremendously. …  Cited by 14 – Related articles – All 5 versions

Visual Exploration of Time-Series Data with Shape Space Projections MO Ward… – Computer Graphics Forum, 2011 – Wiley Online Library … wide range of glyph styles, we focused on two glyph types to represent N-grams: stars and … the most useful combinations of tasks and spaces for the analysis of N-gram based time … Another important interaction tool is selection of elements within a visualization, in conjunction with …  Related articles – All 3 versions

Probabilities and surprises: A realist approach to identifying linguistic and social patterns, with reference to an oral history corpus A Sealey – Applied Linguistics, 2010 – Am Assoc Appl Ling … More revealing, perhaps, is the list of frequent n-grams (ie sequences of ‘n’ consecutive characters … The WMatrix tool can be used to illustrate the relative frequency differences between the … corpus and a reference corpus in a similar manner to the ‘tag clouds’ employed in some …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] Human-competitive automatic topic indexing [PDF] from medelyan.comO Medelyan – 2009 – medelyan.com … discussion partner, a patient co-author, and for building the Wikipedia Miner, the coolest tool on SourceForge. … G.1 Software, tools, demos….. 213 … Figure 2.3 Tag cloud of topics assigned to this thesis by its proofreaders…..19 …  Cited by 15 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 11 versions

Methods for Mining and Summarizing Text Conversations G Carenini, G Murray… – Synthesis Lectures on Data …, 2011 – morganclaypool.com … However, we argue that, in several situa- tions, the effectiveness of these new media could be increased considerably by providing users with tools to mine and summarize both past and ongoing conversations. In this section we describe some possible application scenarios. …  Related articles – Library Search – All 2 versions

[PDF] Detecting Spam in Microblogs [PDF] from ohiolink.eduC Shekar – 2011 – etd.ohiolink.edu … and operations. Identi.ca also provides XMPP support and personal tag clouds. It also … techniques to preprocess Twitter data. We then used data-mining tools to generate … The results showed that the J48 decision tree classifier may be used as an effective tool …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Data clouds: summarizing keyword search results over structured data [PDF] from stanford.eduG Koutrika, ZM Zadeh… – Proceedings of the 12th …, 2009 – dl.acm.org … Recently, a number of tools that generate”word clouds”from text a user provides instead of tags have emerged. The word cloud gives greater prominence to words that appear more frequently in the source text. For example, in ManyEyes [3], a visualization tool for datasets, the …  Cited by 39 – Related articles – All 14 versions

Detecting and tracking the spread of astroturf memes in microblog streams [PDF] from arxiv.orgJ Ratkiewicz, M Conover, M Meiss… – Arxiv preprint arXiv: …, 2010 – arxiv.org … analysis modules; and a set of export modules, including an em- bedded light-weight Web server, for visualizing analysis, saving statistical results, supporting interactive Web tools, and producing … To address this issue, the GPOMS tool relies on the Google n-gram corpus,1 …  Cited by 7 – Related articles – All 4 versions

[BOOK] Modeling trust and influence on blogosphere using link polarity [PDF] from umbc.eduA Kale – 2007 – books.google.com … According to wikipedia 1 “social media describes the online tools and platforms that … topic categorization, analyzing language speci?c nuances such as negated words, n-grams, metaphors and … and researchers have coined a term Folksonomy to represent the tag cloud in social …  Cited by 45 – Related articles – All 15 versions

From information to knowledge: harvesting entities and relationships from web sources [PDF] from mpg.deG Weikum… – Proceedings of the twenty-ninth ACM …, 2010 – dl.acm.org … we go beyond the informal discovery tasks such as computing interesting tags or tag clouds from blogs … tokens that are formed by pre-processing (eg, stemmed words, PoS-tagged words, N-grams, etc.), and … portal (dbli- fe.cs.wisc.edu), which is based on the Cimple tool suite [48 …  Cited by 16 – Related articles – All 6 versions

Social summarization in collaborative web search [PDF] from ncu.edu.twOI Boydell, B Smyth – Information Processing & Management, 2010 – Elsevier … products. For example, the search strategies view presents searchers with summary information for the group including: the number of pages visited by group members and tag clouds of the prominent terms from these page visits. …  Cited by 5 – Related articles – All 6 versions

[PDF] BioEve: User Interface Framework Bridging IE and IR [PDF] from asu.eduP Kanwar – 2010 – repository.asu.edu … otherwise be obscured by the sheer volume of biomedical literature. Tools to help researchers achieve this while coping with the information overload are therefore the solution. … researchers to keep up-to-date with recent developments. Tools should provide dedicated …  View as HTML

[BOOK] Applied text analytics for blogs [PDF] from uva.nlGA Mishne – 2007 – dare.uva.nl … 243 A Crawling Blogs 249 B MoodViews: Tools for Blog Mood Analysis 253 Samenvatting 257 Bibliography 259 vii … Some of the tools that have been developed for performing the experiments de- scribed in later chapters are described in more details in two appendices. …  Cited by 41 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 11 versions

Fightin’words: Lexical feature selection and evaluation for identifying the content of political conflict [PDF] from berkeley.eduBL Monroe, MP Colaresi… – Political Analysis, 2008 – SPM-PMSAPSA … This generalizes trivially to other feature lists: nonstemmed words, n-grams, part-of-speech-tagged words, and so on.4 So, in short, we … This is the algorithm underlying several “word cloud” applications increasingly familiar in journalistic and blog settings,8 as well as more formal …  Cited by 35 – Related articles – All 13 versions

Searching twitter: Separating the tweet from the chaff [PDF] from swan.ac.ukJ Hurlock… – Fifth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs …, 2011 – aaai.org … FeedMe also created an exploratory user interface for browsing twitter streams using a tag-cloud that was … So far system is able to perform n-gram extraction, and location relevance by extracting location … By passing this list of n-grams through a database we are able to check, for …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – All 7 versions

Monitoring, analysis, and filtering system for purifying network traffic of known and unknown malicious content D Potashnik, Y Fledel, R Moskovitch… – Security and …, 2011 – Wiley Online Library … and cleanse all the traffic of known malware, we use an expert tool that assists … executable, PE) features 15; byte n-grams features 16, 17; and OpCode n-grams features 18. … in point, Moskovitch and Elovici 19 focused on pinpointing the most effective byte n-gram configuration in …  Related articles

[BOOK] Text Mining: Applications and Theory MW Berry… – 2010 – books.google.com … of text visualization techniques 107 6.1 Visualization in text analysis 107 6.2 Tag clouds 108 6.3 … and can be applied in many contexts to enrich IR systems and analysis tools. … the effectiveness of three term selection approaches: noun-phrase (NP) chunks, n-grams, and POS tags …  Cited by 9 – Related articles – Library Search – All 5 versions

[PDF] Summarizing large-scale, multiple-document news data: sparse methods and human validation [PDF] from berkeley.eduL Miratrix, J Jia, B Gawalt, B Yu… – submitted to JASA, 2011 – stat.berkeley.edu … In this vein, we believe there is opportunity to answer the question, “What is being said in the news?” with statistical machine learning tools. … Terms can be further identified and distinguished from each other by many natural language tools, eg part-of-speech tagging. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML – All 3 versions

Graphical models for text mining: knowledge extraction and performance estimation [PDF] from cilea.itD Magatti – 2011 – boa.cilea.it … The statistical models used are based on huge databases of probabilities associated with n-grams, ie short sequences of words, which … Figure 2.2: Example of Google results Tag Cloud … of the term ontology has been given: for example it has been interpreted as a tool for domain …  Related articles – All 8 versions

Adaptive Naive Bayes method for masquerade detection SK Dash, KS Reddy… – Security and Communication …, 2011 – Wiley Online Library … 21, which uses one-class support vector machine to detect masqueraders. Jian et al. 22 propose a rule-based approach, which compares n-grams of command sequence using a technique known as boosting decision stumps (BDS). …  Cited by 2 – Related articles

Automatic subject classification of textual documents using limited or no training data [PDF] from ul.ieA Joorabchi – 2010 – ulir.ul.ie … FP False Positive FN False Negative FO First Occurrence GBS Google Book Search GF Global Frequency GWC Google Word Cloud HEA Higher Education Authority HMM Hidden Markov Model IDF Inverse Document Frequency IE Information Extractor IG Information Gain …

Event mining in multimedia streams [PDF] from columbia.eduL Xie, H Sundaram… – Proceedings of the IEEE, 2008 – ieeexplore.ieee.org Page 1. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. INVITED PAPER Event Mining in Multimedia Streams Research on identifying …  Cited by 21 – Related articles – BL Direct – All 8 versions

[PDF] Diachronical Text Classification [PDF] from rug.nlJF Janssen – 2007 – odur.let.rug.nl … 90 6 Conclusion 92 A Data Entry Tools 95 B Selected e-Texts Ordered by Year & Genre 99 C Results … 56 4.3 Word Cloud of JF Kennedy’s 1961 State of the Union Address . . . . . … 96 A.2 Tool for Creating, Updating and Deleting Author Records – Selecting an Author . . . . …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 5 versions

[PDF] Issues on Retrieval of Sound Effects in Large Collaborative Databases [PDF] from psu.eduE Martinez – 2008 – Citeseer … Developers of these new sites may provide the required tools to ensure their success, based on four basic principles … It is clear that both approaches create a rich tag cloud representing the actual content. … Due to its collaborative nature, it is an excellent tool for the present study. …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 10 versions

[HTML] ????????????????, ???????? [HTML] from fudan.edu.cn???, ???, ??… – ????, 2010 – cnindex.fudan.edu.cn … ?????????????:(1)NLP????NLP???,????????N-gram???TF- IDF??????????????,???NLP???????:?????????? ?????????????????????????:???????????? …  Related articles – Cached – All 3 versions

Using social annotations to improve web search [PDF] from pitt.eduW Choochaiwattana – 2008 – etd.library.pitt.edu … Hara and Sellen, 1997). Davis and Huttenlocher (1995) suggested that shared annotations in the educational context can serve as a communication tool among students and between students and instructors. There can be …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – All 3 versions

Information Genealogy: Modeling Idea Origins And Flows In Text [PDF] from cornell.eduB Shaparenko – 2010 – ecommons.library.cornell.edu … We consider real-life applications to inform how to answer these questions. With the popularization of word clouds and tagging in blogs, people seem to be growing more comfortable with browsing by keywords and sometimes just want a quick summary of the novel updates. …  Related articles – Library Search – All 2 versions

[PDF] Syntactical Integration of Product Information from semi-structured sources [PDF] from tu-dresden.deL Hähne… – 2009 – rn.inf.tu-dresden.de … 59 6.1 Word cloud visualizing the most common terms in key phrases . . . . . 62 6.2 Effectiveness of locating the right producer sites and product pages . … In a statistical language model a probability distribution of the n-grams is computed for each document in the corpus. …  Cited by 2 – Related articles – View as HTML

HILT: High-Level Thesaurus Project. Phase IV and Embedding Project Extension: Final Report [PDF] from strath.ac.ukD Nicholson, E McCulloch, A Joseph – 2009 – strathprints.strath.ac.uk Page 1. Strathprints Institutional Repository Nicholson, Dennis and McCulloch, Emma and Joseph, Anu and , JISC (Funder) (2009) HILT: High- Level Thesaurus Project. Phase IV and Embedding Project Extension: Final Report. [Report] …  Related articles – All 5 versions

Community data portraiture: perceiving events, people, & ideas within a research community [PDF] from mit.eduP Maes, D Fritz III – 2010 – dspace.mit.edu … from a general visualization in their focus on the transformation of data into the ‘human scale’ (defined above) and by nature are tools of inquiry to expose a new way … If every truth is a construction, then the tool of postmodernist understanding …  Related articles – All 2 versions

[PDF] Incorporating Domain Knowledge in Latent Topic Models [PDF] from wisc.eduDM Andrzejewski – 2010 – pages.cs.wisc.edu … 5 Chapter 1 Introduction The goal of this thesis is to make topic models more useful by giving the user tools for integrat- … modeling such a powerful tool. … The top ten most frequent words in this corpus are shown in the first two columns of Table 1.2, and the “word cloud” vi- …  Cited by 1 – Related articles – View as HTML – Library Search – All 4 versions

[PDF] Linkbuilding-Theorie und Praxis [PDF] from approx.bizP LANDAU – 2011 – approx.biz … Google Webmaster Tools HTML . . . . . … Keywords Domain Keyword Metriken bezogen auf die ganze Domain. In den Google Webmaster Tools werden zum Beispiel die am häufigsten auftretenden Begriffe einer Domain aufgelistet. Dadurch ist ein …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 2 versions

[PDF] SWKM 2008: Social Web and Knowledge Management, Proceedings: CEUR Workshop Proceedings [PDF] from aau.dkP Dolog, M Kroetzsch, S Schaffert… – 2008 – vbn.aau.dk Page 1. Proceedings of the 2008 Workshop on Social Web and Knowledge Management – SWKM 2008 – http://km.aifb.uni-karlsruhe.de/ws/swkm2008 Located at the 17th World Wide Web Conference WWW 2008 April 22nd, 2008 Beijing, China Page 2. ii …  Related articles – View as HTML – All 7 versions

[BOOK] Nerds on Wall Street: math, machines, and wired markets D Leinweber – 2009 – books.google.com Page 1. Nerds Wall Street Math, Machines and Wired Markets Page 2. Additional Praise for Nerds on Wall Street “New technologies are exploited ?rst by “alpha geeks,” folks with the skills to push the envelope. This is as true on Wall Street as it was on the web. …  Cited by 10 – Related articles – Library Search – All 2 versions

SYNTACTIC AND SEMANTIC ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION OF UNSTRUCTURED ENGLISH TEXTS [PDF] from gsu.eduS Karmakar – 2011 – digitalarchive.gsu.edu … every daily need of ours could be done at their best potential if we can create an appropriate natural language analysis tool. The motif behind such work is practically limitless. … composition analysis. It consists of set of tools which can be seen as information extractors that enrich …  Related articles

A framework for exploiting electronic documentation in support of innovation processes [TXT] from sun.ac.zaJW Uys – 2010 – scholar.sun.ac.za … 230 Figure 45: Tag cloud view of the words associated with topic “Laser Sintering … 233 Figure 49: Example of a document associated with topic “Tool Wear & Tool Life … New (software) tools were further developed as part of the Web 2.0 paradigm to empower users to generate and …  Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 6 versions